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Volatile sulfur compounds

Thais M Uekane, Luca Nicolotti, Alessandra Griglione, Humberto R Bizzo, Patrizia Rubiolo, Carlo Bicchi, Maria Helena M Rocha-Leão, Claudia M Rezende
The volatile fraction of murici, bacuri and sapodilla are here studied because of their increasing interest for consumers, abundance of production in Brazil, and the general demand for new flavors and aromas. Their volatile profiles were studied by two High Concentration Capacity Headspace techniques (HCC-HS), Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction (HS-SPME) and Headspace Sorptive Extraction (HSSE), in combination with GC-MS. Murici volatile fraction mainly contains esters (38%), carboxylic acids (19%), aldehydes (11%), alcohols (14%), others (13%) and sulfur compounds; bacuri is characterized by terpenes (41%), non-terpenic alcohols (24%), esters (15%), aldehydes (6%), and others (12%); sapodilla consists of esters (33%), alcohols (27%), terpenes (18%) and others (21%)...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Marika Rai, David Spratt, Paola R Gomez-Pereira, Jay Patel, Sean P Nair
Oral malodour is a common condition which affects a large proportion of the population, resulting in social, emotional and psychological stress. Certain oral bacteria form a coating called a biofilm on the tongue dorsum and degrade organic compounds releasing volatile sulfur compounds that are malodourous. Current chemical treatments for oral malodour such as mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine or essential oils, are not sufficiently effective at reducing the bacterial load on the tongue. One potential alternative to current chemical treatments for oral malodour is the use of light activated antimicrobial agents (LAAAs), which display no toxicity or antimicrobial activity in the dark, but when exposed to light of a specific wavelength produce reactive oxygen species which induce damage to target cells in a process known as photodynamic inactivation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
Sang Pil Hong, Eun Joo Lee, Young Ho Kim, Dong Uk Ahn
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of fermentation temperature on the volatile composition in Kimchi. Kimchi was fermented at 2 temperature conditions (4 and 20 °C). Volatile compounds of Kimchi samples were analyzed during the fermentation periods using the dynamic headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method. The optimum ripening time for the Kimchi fermented at 4 °C was 35 d, and that of 20 °C was 2 d. The pH at the optimum ripening time was 4.97 and 4.41, and the titratable acidity was 0...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Defne Yalçın Yeler, Murat Aydın, Peyami Turgay Hocaoğlu, Melike Koraltan, Hakan Özdemir, Tuğba Kotil, Mehmet Gül
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) appear mainly in the oral air of patients with halitosis. It seems that VSCs are directly involved in the pathogenesis of gingival diseases. In previous studies, short-term (7 hours-4 days), high concentrations (5-400 ppm) of H2S applications on periodontal tissues have been evaluated in a culture medium. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of lower (equivalent to halitosis) concentrations of H2S on rat gingival tissue for longer-term inhalation...
October 13, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Sean W Harshman, Nilan Mani, Brian A Geier, Jae Kwak, Phillip Shepard, Maomian Fan, Gregory L Sudberry, Ryan S Mayes, Darrin K Ott, Jennifer A Martin, Claude C Grigsby
Exhaled breath is coming to the forefront of non-invasive biomarker discovery efforts. Concentration of exhaled breath volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on thermal desorption (TD) tubes with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has dominated this field. As discovery experimentation increases in frequency, the need to evaluate the long-term storage stability of exhaled breath VOCs on thermal desorption adsorbent material is critical. To address this gap, exhaled breath was loaded on Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes and stored at various temperature conditions...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
Philip B Pedros, Omid Askari, Hameed Metghalchi
During the last decade municipal wastewater treatment plants have been regulated with increasingly stringent nutrient removal requirements including nitrogen. Typically biological treatment processes are employed to meet these limits. Although the nitrogen in the wastewater stream is reduced, certain steps in the biological processes allow for the release of gaseous nitrous oxide (N2O), a greenhouse gas (GHG). A comprehensive study was conducted to investigate the potential to mitigate N2O emissions from biological nutrient removal (BNR) processes by means of thermal decomposition...
October 4, 2016: Water Research
Rongyu Zhuang, Yongjiang Lou, Xiaoting Qiu, Yangyong Zhao, Dong Qian, Xiaojun Yan, Xiaodie He, Qingqing Shen, Lizhen Qian
Hydrogen sulfide is a common odor gas of volatile sulfur-containing compound. The emission of hydrogen sulfide in the waste gas from industrial processing and agricultural operations could cause air pollution to the surrounding environment. The aim of this study was screening and isolation of wild yeast strains from the sludge of sewage pool in the fishmeal processing plant to remove hydrogen sulfide odor. A yeast strain ZJY-7 was obtained. Its hydrogen sulfide removal efficiency was 97.1 %. The morphology studies were investigated using microscope and scanning electron microscope...
October 10, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yosuke Tsuge, Yukari Moriyama, Yuki Tokura, Seimei Shiratori
A polyelectrolyte film containing metastable silver ions was applied as quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) gas detector. The polyelectrolyte film was obtained by immersing a polyelectrolyte with numerous amine groups in a metal ion solution. The QCM detector with silver ions responded to a very low methylmercaptan gas concentration (20 ppb), but did not respond to ammonia, volatile amines, aromatic compounds, or alcohols. The response speed of the QCM detector increased gradually with increasing methylmercaptan concentrations...
October 11, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Luke Bell, Lisa Methven, Angelo Signore, Maria Jose Oruna-Concha, Carol Wagstaff
Sensory and chemical analyses were performed on accessions of rocket (Eruca sativa) to determine phytochemical influences on sensory attributes. A trained panel was used to evaluate leaves, and chemical data were obtained for polyatomic ions, amino acids, sugars and organic acids. These chemical data (and data of glucosinolates, flavonols and headspace volatiles previously reported) were used in Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to determine variables statistically important to sensory traits. Significant differences were observed between samples for polyatomic ion and amino acid concentrations...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Anayo T Ukwuani, Wendong Tao
To prevent acetoclastic methanogens from ammonia inhibition in anaerobic digestion of protein-rich substrates, ammonia needs to be removed or recovered from digestate. This paper presents an innovative ammonia recovery process that couples vacuum thermal stripping with acid absorption. Ammonia is stripped out of digestate boiling at a temperature below the normal boiling point due to vacuum. Stripped ammonia is absorbed to a sulfuric acid solution, forming ammonium sulfate crystals as a marketable product. Three common types of digestate were found to have boiling point temperature-vacuum curves similar to water...
September 27, 2016: Water Research
Shengju Li, Lucky Ahmed, Ruina Zhang, Yi Pan, Hiroaki Matsunami, Jessica L Burger, Eric Block, Victor S Batista, Hanyi Zhuang
Mammalian survival depends on ultrasensitive olfactory detection of volatile sulfur compounds, since these compounds can signal the presence of rancid food, O2 depleted atmospheres, and predators (through carnivore excretions). Skunks exploit this sensitivity with their noxious spray. In commerce, natural and liquefied gases are odorized with t-BuSH and EtSH, respectively, as warnings. The 100-million-fold difference in olfactory perception between structurally similar EtSH and EtOH has long puzzled those studying olfaction...
October 3, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Kaan Polatoğlu, Betül Demirci, Kemal Hüsnü Can Başer
There is only a couple of reports indicating essential oil composition of Asphodelus species in the literature. However, from the members of this genus many non-volatile secondary metabolites were isolated. In Cyprus, Asphodelus aestivus Brot. can be found abundantly in all regions of the island. This plant has various ethnobotanical uses in Cyprus. There is no report on the volatiles nor the essential oil composition of A. aestivus. The smell of A. aestivus flowers resembles that of a cat pee which caught our attention...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
Juliana Oliveira Silveira, Fernando Oliveira Costa, Peterson Antônio Dutra Oliveira, Bernardo Carvalho Dutra, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, José Roberto Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) and conventional quadrant scaling in four weekly sessions (QS) on periodontal clinical parameters and halitosis among individuals with advanced chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 30 individuals were divided into two groups: FMD (n = 15) and QS (n = 15). The following data were collected at the baseline and 90 days after treatment: plaque index, tongue-coating index (TCI), bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Stefano Catola, Srikanta Dani Kaidala Ganesha, Luca Calamai, Francesco Loreto, Annamaria Ranieri, Mauro Centritto
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethyl sulphide (DMS) are compounds found mainly in marine phytoplankton and in some halophytic plants. DMS is a globally important biogenic volatile in regulating of global sulfur cycle and planetary albedo, whereas DMSP is involved in the maintenance of plant-environment homeostasis. Plants emit minute amounts of DMS compared to marine phytoplankton and there is a need for hypersensitive analytic techniques to enable its quantification in plants. Solid Phase Micro Extraction from Head Space (HS-SPME) is a simple, rapid, solvent-free and cost-effective extraction mode, which can be easily hyphenated with GC-MS for the analysis of volatile organic compounds...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
K A Kamilli, J Ofner, T Krause, T Sattler, P Schmitt-Kopplin, E Eitenberger, G Friedbacher, B Lendl, H Lohninger, H F Schöler, A Held
New particle formation was studied above salt lakes in-situ using a mobile aerosol chamber set up above the salt crust and organic-enriched layers of seven different salt lakes in Western Australia. This unique setup made it possible to explore the influence of salt lake emissions on atmospheric new particle formation, and to identify interactions of aqueous-phase and gas-phase chemistry. New particle formation was typically observed at enhanced air temperatures and enhanced solar irradiance. Volatile organic compounds were released from the salt lake surfaces, probably from a soil layer enriched in organic compounds from decomposed leaf litter, and accumulated in the chamber air...
September 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Hongyu Zhang, Guoxue Li, Jun Gu, Guiqin Wang, Yangyang Li, Difang Zhang
This study investigates the influence of aeration on volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) and ammonia (NH3) emissions during kitchen waste composting. Aerobic composting of kitchen waste and cornstalks was conducted at a ratio of 85:15 (wet weight basis) in 60L reactors for 30days. The gas emissions were analyzed with force aeration at rates of 0.1 (A1), 0.2 (A2) and 0.3 (A3) L (kgDMmin)(-1), respectively. Results showed that VSCs emission at the low aeration rate (A1) was more significant than that at other two rates (i...
August 29, 2016: Waste Management
Prashant K Mishra, Jyoti Tripathi, Sumit Gupta, Prasad S Variyar
Volatile aroma compounds of three varieties of red kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) namely Kashmiri red, Sharmili and Chitra were extracted in raw state using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and cooked state using simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE). During cooking a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the content of several aldehydes, alcohols and terpene hydrocarbons while an increase in content of various sulfurous compounds, terpene alcohols, ketones and pyrazines was noted. Descriptive sensory analysis showed that the maximum intensity of 'kidney bean', 'earthy' and 'smoky' odour was observed in Kashmiri red while Sharmili variety was characterised by 'sulfurous' odour...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
N Martínez-Onandi, A Rivas-Cañedo, A Picon, M Nuñez
One hundred and three volatile compounds were detected by solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in 30 ripened Serrano dry-cured hams, submitted or not to high pressure processing (HPP) and afterwards held for 5months at 4°C. The effect of ham physicochemical parameters and HPP (600MPa for 6min) on volatile compounds was assessed. Physicochemical parameters primarily affected the levels of acids, alcohols, alkanes, esters, benzene compounds, sulfur compounds and some miscellaneous compounds...
December 2016: Meat Science
Mehmet Emre Dinc, Aytug Altundag, Denizhan Dizdar, Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Ethem Sahin, Seckin Ulusoy, Ceki Paltura
OBJECTIVES: Although most specialists in otorhinolaryngology and pediatrics find halitosis to be a common problem in children with adenoid hypertrophy, there are no objective data on this topic in the literature. Whether adenoid hypertrophy is a risk factor for halitosis or whether halitosis is a sign of adenoid hypertrophy remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether children diagnosed with adenoid hypertrophy have a higher probability of halitosis than do children in the normal population and whether adenoidectomy can decrease oral malodor...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Xin Tong, Zhang Liu, Xiao Q Chen, Wen H Shen
This paper quantitatively investigates the compositions of the gaseous pollutants in the ambient air of a secondary fiber paper mill. Total volatile organic compounds (TVOC), formaldehyde (HCHO), sulfur compounds (H2S), and hydrocarbon compounds (CxHy) were analyzed on six sampling sites with photo-ionisation detector, acetylacetone spectrophotometric method, and gas detector. The results revealed that, the high levels of TVOC and CxHy were detected at the wet end of paper machine and the office area, respectively; all the H2S contents on the six sites exceeded the limit (0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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