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Tongue malodour

Snehal Patil, Shashidhar Acharya, Siddhi Hathiwala, Deepak Kumar Singhal, Samuel Raj Srinivasan, Sachin Khatri
Introduction: Oral malodour is a social malady affecting people of all the age groups. Effective management of oral malodour is the key to improve the quality of life of such people. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of ayurvedic medication, G32 in controlling oral malodour and comparing the effects with Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This was a single blind randomized controlled trial with parallel study design conducted at a hospital in the city of Udupi in Southern India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
E Van der Sluijs, G A Van der Weijden, N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, D E Slot
AIM: To compare the effects of a regimen consisting of a tooth/tongue gel, tongue cleaner and mouthwash with the effects of using standard fluoride dentifrice on the organoleptic oral malodour score (ORG) and volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total, 66 non-dental students participated in a 3-week parallel, single-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. The test group used a tongue cleaner, a tooth/tongue gel and mouthwash containing amine fluoride/stannous fluoride and zinc lactate as oral malodour counteractive...
February 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Marika Rai, David Spratt, Paola R Gomez-Pereira, Jay Patel, Sean P Nair
Oral malodour is a common condition which affects a large proportion of the population, resulting in social, emotional and psychological stress. Certain oral bacteria form a coating called a biofilm on the tongue dorsum and degrade organic compounds releasing volatile sulfur compounds that are malodourous. Current chemical treatments for oral malodour such as mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine or essential oils, are not sufficiently effective at reducing the bacterial load on the tongue. One potential alternative to current chemical treatments for oral malodour is the use of light activated antimicrobial agents (LAAAs), which display no toxicity or antimicrobial activity in the dark, but when exposed to light of a specific wavelength produce reactive oxygen species which induce damage to target cells in a process known as photodynamic inactivation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
Zbys Fedorowicz, Hamad Aljufairi, Mona Nasser, Trent L Outhouse, Vinícius Pedrazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Magda Feres, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Marcelo Faveri, Marcelo C Guerra, Luis R Mateo, Bernal Stewart, Malcolm Williams, Foti Panagakos
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the efficacy of two oral hygiene regimens in reducing oral malodour and the proportions of bacterial species involved in the production of volatile sulphur compounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy subjects who participated in a halitosis-induction phase and achieved an organoleptic score of ≥ 3.0 [time point 0 (T0)] randomised into two groups: brushing with regular fluoride toothpaste alone (control group) or brushing with regular fluoride toothpaste followed by rinsing with a 0...
December 2015: International Dental Journal
H Rani, M Ueno, T Zaitsu, Y Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral malodour level and its association with health behaviour, oral health behaviour and oral health status among adolescents. METHOD: A questionnaire survey and clinical examination that included tongue coating and oral malodour status were conducted on 665 senior high school students in Saitama, Japan. Analyses of Pearson chi-square, independent samples t-test and logistic regression were conducted using SPSS 19.0 with the significance level set at P < 0...
May 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Vijendra P Singh, Neeraj Malhotra, Abhishek Apratim, Madhu Verma
Halitosis is an unpleasant condition that may be the origin of concern not only for a possible health condition but also for frequent psychological alterations which may lead to social and personal isolation. The most frequent sources of halitosis that exist in the oral cavity include bacterial reservoirs such as the dorsum of the tongue, saliva and periodontal pockets. Volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) are the prominent elements of oral malodour. Genuine halitosis and pseudo-halitosis should be in the treatment realm of dental practitioners...
May 2015: Dental Update
Ozan Gokdogan, Tolgahan Catli, Fikret Ileri
Halitosis is a common and devastating condition, which may affect up to 1/3 of the population. It can be classified either as genuine halitosis, pseudohalitosis, or halitophobia. Genuine halitosis is more common and usually related to an organic pathology such as periodontitis. Malodour molecules such as sulfur compounds that arise from bacterial interactions generate the basis of oral malodour. Pathologies of the tongue, poor oral hygiene, deep caries, cryptic tonsillary hypertrophia, and postnasal drainage are also associated with halitosis...
March 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Léo G Soares, Grazyna Jonski, Eduardo M B Tinoco, Alix Young
Zinc (Zn) reduces the formation of volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) associated with oral malodour. Although strontium (Sr) is included in some products for reducing dental hypersensitivity, it may also have anti-halitosis properties. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over clinical study compared the anti-VSC effect of brushing with commercial toothpastes and rinses containing Zn and Sr. The volunteers (n = 30) either brushed/rinsed with/without tongue brushing using Zn-containing toothpaste/rinse, Sr-containing toothpaste/rinse, or placebo (control)...
April 2015: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Dagmar E Slot, Sophie De Geest, Fridus A van der Weijden, Marc Quirynen
FOCUSED QUESTION: What is the effect of a dentifrice (DF), a mouthwash (MW), tongue cleaning (TC), or any combination of these as adjunct to toothbrushing on intra-oral malodour and tongue coating as compared to toothbrushing alone in systemically healthy patients, when used for a minimum follow-up period of 2 weeks? MATERIAL AND METHODS: The MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane-CENTRAL and EMBASE databases were searched up to August 2014. Measurements of Volatile Sulphur Compounds and organoleptic scores of oral malodour were selected as outcome variables...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Mariano Sanz, Amelie Bäumer, Nurcan Buduneli, Henrik Dommisch, Roberto Farina, Eija Kononen, Gerard Linden, Joerg Meyle, Philip M Preshaw, Marc Quirynen, Silvia Roldan, Nerea Sanchez, Anton Sculean, Dagmar Else Slot, Leonardo Trombelli, Nicola West, Edwin Winkel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The scope of this working group was to review: (1) the effect of professional mechanical plaque removal (PMPR) on secondary prevention of periodontitis; (2) the occurrence of gingival recessions and non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) secondary to traumatic tooth brushing; (3) the management of hypersensitivity, through professionally and self administered agents and (4) the management of oral malodour, through mechanical and/or chemical agents. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing supportive periodontal therapy including PMPR showed mean tooth loss rates of 0...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
M Petrini, M Costacurta, M Ferrante, P Trentini, R Docimo, G Spoto
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work is to evaluate the association between organoleptic scores, oral condition and salivary β-galactosidases, to facilitate the differential diagnosis of halitosis in children. METHODS: Fifty systemically healthy children with a primary complaint of oral malodour were included in this cross-sectional study. The organoleptic evaluation was carried out by two judges, evaluating the intensity of malodour of the air exhaled 5 s through the mouth of the patients, at a distance of approximately 10 cm from their noses; the level of salivary β-galactosidases was quantified spectrophotometrically after a chromatic reaction between a salivary sample of each patient and a specific chromatic substrate of the enzyme...
August 2014: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Saniya Setia, Parampreet Pannu, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Virat Galhotra, Pooja Ahluwalia, Anjali Sofat
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of oral hygiene practices, smoking habits and halitosis among undergraduate dental students and correlating the oral hygiene practices, oral health conditions to the prevalence of self perceived oral malodour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among 277 male and female students. A questionnaire was developed to assess the self-reported perception of oral breath, awareness of bad breath, timing of bad breath, oral hygiene practices, caries and bleeding gums, dryness of the mouth, smoking and tongue coating...
January 2014: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
P S Patil, P Pujar, S Poornima, V V Subbareddy
AIM: To determine the prevalence of oral malodour in Indian children and also to assess the relationship of oral malodour with oral hygiene, gingival health, dental caries, tongue coating, mouth breathing and frequency of tooth brushing. METHOD: A total number of 900 school children (7-15 years) were included in the study. Children were assessed for the oral malodour, oral hygiene, gingival health, dental caries, tongue coating, mouth breathing and frequency of tooth brushing...
August 2014: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
T Ileri Keceli, D Gulmez, A Dolgun, M Tekcicek
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the clinical and microbiological effects of tongue brushing on malodour in children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one caries-free children were included. After clinical evaluation, halitosis was determined by organoleptic assessment and sulphide monitoring. Then, 69 children with high levels of volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) were randomly assigned into two groups (group 1: scaling-polishing + tooth brushing + tongue brushing and group 2: scaling-polishing + tooth brushing), and tongue coating samples were collected for microbiological analysis...
January 2015: Oral Diseases
Frederique Vancauwenberghe, Jesica Dadamio, Isabelle Laleman, Marie Van Tornout, Wim Teughels, Wim Coucke, Marc Quirynen
This study aims to analyze the correlation between Solobacterium moorei (S. moorei), both on the tongue and in saliva, and several oral malodour- and clinical parameters. Data from 193 patients visiting a halitosis clinic were used for analysis. A questionnaire assessed their general health, allergies, medication, smoking habits and oral hygiene. Following halitosis parameters were recorded: organoleptic score (OLS) (0-5), total concentration of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) (Halimeter), individual concentrations of VSC (Oral Chroma), tongue coating (MTCI, WTCI and mWTCI), salivary parameters (flow rate and pH), oral hygiene, tonsil health and periodontal health...
December 2013: Journal of Breath Research
Jesica Dadamio, Isabelle Laleman, Sophie De Geest, Frederique Vancauwenberghe, Christel Dekeyser, Wim Coucke, Marc Quirynen
A new device (BB Checker) able to detect malodour compounds has recently been made available. This retrospective analysis aimed at evaluating the usefulness of this device as adjunct tool for the diagnosis of oral malodour. Data from 100 consecutive volunteers with bad breath complaints attending their first consultation at a halitosis clinic were analysed. In addition to the standard protocol (organoleptic ratings from mouth and nose air, and from tongue coating when present; OralChroma and Halimeter measurements from mouth air; and intra-oral examinations), oral, exhaled and nasal air samples were examined with the BB Checker...
December 2013: Journal of Breath Research
Justyna Sutula, Lisa Ann Coulthwaite, Linda Valerie Thomas, Joanna Verran
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, the use of probiotic-containing products has been explored as a potential alternative in oral health therapy. A widely available probiotic drink, Yakult, was evaluated for oral health applications in this longitudinal study. Selected oral health parameters, such as levels and composition of salivary and tongue plaque microbiota and of malodorous gases, in dentate healthy individuals were investigated for changes. The persistence of the probiotic strain in the oral cavity was monitored throughout the study period...
2013: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Flávia Matarazzo, Danilo Maeda Reino, Roberto Masayuki Hayacibara, Marcelo de Faveri, Mitsue Fujimaki
PURPOSE: To follow up the variations of early morning concentrations of oral volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) in periodontally healthy subjects who refrained from toothbrushing during a period of 5 days while continuing with other hygiene procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen subjects volunteered for this study. At baseline, all subjects stopped brushing their teeth for 5 days, but continued using dental floss and a tongue scraper twice daily. Organoleptic measurements, VSC quantification and plaque index were recorded in all subjects at baseline and on days 3 and 5 of the study period...
2013: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Justyna Sutula, Lisa Coulthwaite, Linda Thomas, Joanna Verran
BACKGROUND: It is acknowledged that oral and general health status declines with age. The global population of denture wearers is increasing, so is the incidence of denture biofilm-related problems, such as denture-associated stomatitis, aspiration pneumonia and malodour. It has been suggested that consumption of probiotic bacteria may improve oral health. However, the effects of probiotics on the oral microbiota of denture wearers have received little attention. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of consumption of a commercial probiotic product (Yakult) on microbiota of saliva, tongue and denture biofilm in healthy complete denture wearers...
2012: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
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