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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760825/a-current-approach-to-halitosis-and-oral-malodor-a-mini-review
#1
REVIEW
Damla Aksit Bicak
Background: Halitosis, in other words, oral malodor is an important multifactorial health problem affecting the psychological and social life of individuals and is the most common reason for referral to dentists after dental caries and periodontal diseases. Objective: The objective of this review was to present and discuss conventional and recently introduced information about the types, causes, detection and treatment methods of halitosis. Methods: An expanded literature review was conducted which targeted all articles published in peer-reviewed journals relating to the topic of halitosis...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747905/prospective-evaluation-of-the-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-134-french-nursing-homes
#2
L Lemoine, C Dupont, A Capron, E Cerf, M Yilmaz, D Verloop, K Blanckaert, E Senneville, S Alfandari
OBJECTIVE: Prospective assessment of the management of urinary tract infections (UTI) in the nursing homes of the Hauts-de-France region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 50-question form had to be filled in for up to five consecutive residents treated for UTI in each nursing home. If necessary, diagnoses were reclassified according to the 2014 French Infectious Diseases Society guidelines. Analyses were presented per supposed (reported) and reclassified diagnoses. RESULTS: Of 397 contacted facilities, 134 participated and informed 444 UTI episodes...
May 7, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620635/effects-of-fixed-orthodontic-brackets-on-oral-malodor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-according-to-the-preferred-reporting-items-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-guidelines
#3
Jing Huang, Cui-Ying Li, Jiu-Hui Jiang
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify whether there is any relationship between fixed orthodontic appliances and malodor, and if self-ligating brackets (SLBs) prevent malodor better than conventional brackets (CBs). METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2016; a manual search was also performed. Randomized controlled and clinical controlled trials, in which experimental groups received fixed orthodontic therapy and malodor was measured, were included...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399316/adjunct-use-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-treatment-of-necrotizing-ulcerative-gingivitis-a-case-report
#4
Seda Sevinç Özberk, Hasan Gündoğar, Süleyman Ziya Şenyurt, Kamile Erciyas
Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a microbial disease of the gingiva in the context of an impaired host response. This form of gingivitis is relatively rare. NUG is an infection characterized by gingival necrosis presenting as "punched-out" papillae, spontaneous bleeding, pain, oral malodor, and pseudomembrane formation. The primary predisposing factors are bacterial plaque and an inadequate diet, but smoking and psychological stress may also affect the disease severity. NUG is associated with a characteristic bacterial flora, which includes fusiform bacteria, spirochetes, and Prevotella intermedia...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392764/genuine-halitosis-in-patients-with-dental-and-laryngological-etiologies-of-mouth-odor-severity-and-role-of-oral-hygiene-behaviors
#5
Sabina Herman, Grażyna Lisowska, Joanna Herman, Ewa Wojtyna, Maciej Misiołek
The aims of the study were to determine the severity of halitosis and the association between oral hygiene practices and the severity of malodor in patients with dental and laryngological etiologies of genuine halitosis. Thirty-five laryngological and 40 dental patients with halitosis completed a structured interview and underwent laryngological and dental examinations. Halitosis was assessed using organoleptic and halimeter tests. Greater halitosis severity in laryngological patients was associated with worse clinical status of the palatine tonsils, less frequent toothbrushing, less frequent use of tongue cleaners, fewer daily meals, and increased use of mouthrinses...
April 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364345/two-mechanisms-of-oral-malodor-inhibition-by-zinc-ions
#6
Nao Suzuki, Yoshio Nakano, Takeshi Watanabe, Masahiro Yoneda, Takao Hirofuji, Takashi Hanioka
The aim of this study was to reveal the mechanisms by which zinc ions inhibit oral malodor. The direct binding of zinc ions to gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was assessed in comparison with other metal ions. Nine metal chlorides and six metal acetates were examined. To understand the strength of H2S volatilization inhibition, the minimum concentration needed to inhibit H2S volatilization was determined using serial dilution methods. Subsequently, the inhibitory activities of zinc ions on the growth of six oral bacterial strains related to volatile sulfur compound (VSC) production and three strains not related to VSC production were evaluated...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#7
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened...
March 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279674/the-prevalence-of-halitosis-oral-malodor-and-associated-factors-among-dental-students-and-interns-lahore-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas, Muhammad Irfan Majeed
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of halitosis and the factors associated with it among dental students and interns in Lahore, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was chosen, and a sample of dental students and interns was collected from seven dental colleges in Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 833 participants were approached in person as convenient sample population. A self-reported questionnaire was administered and informed consent was obtained...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199412/evaluation-of-a-halitosis-clinic-over-a-period-of-eleven-years
#9
Marie-Gabrielle Schumacher, Andrea Zürcher, Andreas Filippi
About every fourth individual suffers at leasttemporarily from oral malodor. The most frequentcause of it is the oral cavity, in particular thetongue coating. In professional halitosis clinics,findings and diagnoses are discussed with thepatients, and individual therapy concepts are designed. Currently, there are only few ev alua- tions of such clinics, which moreover are con- fined to a period of a few weeks or months. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the halitosis clinic of the University Center of Dental Medicine Basel o ver a period of eleven years...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146888/halitosis-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy
#10
Małgorzata Sikorska-Żuk, Marek Bochnia
This paper attempts to identify the sources and evaluate the prevalence of halitosis in children with adenoid hypertrophy. The study included pediatric patients admitted for adenoidectomy due to obstructive symptoms. Patients with possibly other causes of halitosis, were excluded from the study. Halitosis was detected in 30 out of 136 children (22.1%). The effect of adenoid hypertrophy on halitosis was confirmed by the significant reduction in the organoleptic score rated according to the Rosenberg scale (on average by 2°) and the levels of volatile sulfur compounds (on average 84 ppb) post-adenoidectomy, as compared to pre-surgery results...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118280/association-between-social-anxiety-with-oral-hygiene-status-and-tongue-coating-among-patients-with-subjective-halitosis
#11
Jenisha Patel, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Purpose: Halitosis is a universal affliction suffered by many individuals irrespective of age, sex and social status. Concern about oral malodor can significantly impede an individual's personal, professional and public life which can lead to the development of social anxiety. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between social anxiety with oral hygiene status and tongue coating among patients with subjective halitosis.Methods: A total of 321(n=321) subjects were self-recruited to participate in this IRB approved study...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069154/assessment-of-the-accuracy-of-portable-monitors-for-halitosis-evaluation-in-subjects-without-malodor-complaint-are-they-reliable-for-clinical-practice
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Denise Pinheiro Falcão, Priscila Carvalho Miranda, Tayana Filgueira Galdino Almeida, Monique Gomes da Silva Scalco, Felipe Fregni, Rivadávio Fernandes Batista de Amorim
Halitosis is defined as a foul odor emanated from the oral cavity, with great impact in quality of life and social restraints. Recently, the use of Breath Alert™ in research increased significantly. Halimeter™, another portable device, is often used in clinical practice. Nevertheless, not many studies have verified the accuracy and compared the results of both devices simultaneously. OBJECTIVE: To verify the accuracy of Breath Alert™ and Halimeter™ in patients without chief complaint of halitosis, using the organoleptic test (OT) as "gold standard...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038782/jejuno-jejunal-intussusception-in-a-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#13
Tara J Fetzer, Christoph Mans
An approximately four-year-old male castrated guinea pig ( Cavia porcellus ) was presented for painful defecation with a 24-hour history of hyporexia and intermittent episodes of rolling behavior. Upon presentation the patient was quiet, alert, and responsive, and mildly hypothermic. Abdominal palpation revealed an approximately 2-cm long oblong mass within the caudal abdomen. Abdominal radiographs revealed gastric dilation without volvulus and a peritoneal mass effect. The patient was euthanized following gastric reflux of brown malodorous fluid from his nares and oral cavity...
2017: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987726/inhibition-of-malodorous-gas-formation-by-oral-bacteria-with-cetylpyridinium-and-zinc-chloride
#14
Jeong Hyun Kang, Dae Jeong Kim, Bong Kyu Choi, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: The antimicrobial efficacy of zinc- (ZnCl2) and cetylpyridinium-chloride (CPC) and their inhibition capacity on volatile sulfur compound (VSC) production by oral bacterial strains were investigated. DESIGN: Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and growth curves were determined for ZnCl2, CPC, and CPC with ZnCl2 solutions against eight oral microorganisms (Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans) known to be involved in the pathophysiology of both halitosis and periodontal disease...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928777/determination-of-salivary-urea-and-uric-acid-of-patients-with-halitosis
#15
Faezeh Khozeimeh, Nakisa Torabinia, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hooman Shafaee, Seyed Amir Mousavi
BACKGROUND: Halitosis is the presence of unpleasant or foul smelling breath. The origin of halitosis may be related to both systemic and oral conditions, but a large percentage of cases, about 90%, is generally related to an oral cause. The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of urea and uric acid in patients with halitosis and people without halitosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, concentration of urea and uric acid was compared between two groups: (1) persons suffering halitosis (2) control group without halitosis...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921687/multimodal-treatment-of-a-dog-with-disseminated-cutaneous-viral-papillomatosis
#16
Britt J Levy, Susannah J Sample, Hang Yuan
BACKGROUND: Canine papillomaviruses (CPVs) are associated with varied cutaneous manifestations. Spontaneous resolution typically occurs within one to 12 months. This case report describes multimodal treatment of a dog with severe disseminated papillomatosis. CLINICAL SUMMARY: An eight-month-old, female spayed, mixed breed dog was presented with a two month history of rapidly progressing papillomatosis and lack of response to oral azithromycin therapy. The dog was severely pruritic and malodorous; the weight and growth of lesions had progressed to affect the dog's gait and vision, and led to decreased quality of life...
February 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881387/effects-of-lactoferrin-and-lactoperoxidase-containing-food-on-the-oral-microbiota-of-older-individuals
#17
Manabu Nakano, Hiroyuki Wakabayashi, Hirosuke Sugahara, Toshitaka Odamaki, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Jin-Zhong Xiao, Kohji Murakami, Kentaro Ishikawa, Shouji Hironaka
The oral microbiota influences health and disease states. Some gram-negative anaerobic bacteria play important roles in tissue destruction associated with periodontal disease. Lactoferrin (LF) and lactoperoxidase (LPO) are antimicrobial proteins found in saliva; however, their influence on the whole oral microbiota currently remains unknown. In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, the effects of long-term ingestion of LF and LPO-containing tablets on the microbiota of supragingival plaque and tongue coating were assessed...
October 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764207/correspondence-comparative-efficacy-of-oil-pulling-and-chlorhexidine-on-oral-malodor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ryan Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717107/human-plasma-and-urinary-metabolic-profiles-of-trimethylamine-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-extrapolated-using-a-simple-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model
#19
Makiko Shimizu, Hiroshi Yamazaki
Trimethylamine, a dietary- and medicinal carnitine-derived amine, is extensively metabolized by liver to non-malodorous trimethylamine N-oxide. Although trimethylamine and trimethylamine N-oxide under daily dietary consumption or carnitine treatment are generally regarded as nontoxic, they have been, and remain, of toxicological and clinical interest because of their potential association with atherosclerosis. The aim of the current study was to model the pharmacokinetics of trimethylamine after oral administration of trimethylamine in humans and compare the results with reported measured values...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701649/deodorizing-substance-in-black-cumin-nigella-sativa-l-seed-oil
#20
Toru Nakasugi, Takushi Murakawa, Koji Shibuya, Masanori Morimoto
A deodorizing substance in black cumin (Nigella sativa L.), a spice for curry and vegetable foods in Southwest Asia, was examined. The essential oil prepared from the seeds of this plant exhibited strong deodorizing activity against methyl mercaptan, which is a main factor in oral malodor. After purification with silica gel column chromatography, the active substance in black cumin seed oil was identified as thymoquinone. This monoterpenic quinone functions as the main deodorizing substance in this oil against methyl mercaptan...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
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