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Oral malodour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207840/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-g32-commercially-available-ayurvedic-preparation-in-reducing-halitosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Snehal Patil, Shashidhar Acharya, Siddhi Hathiwala, Deepak Kumar Singhal, Samuel Raj Srinivasan, Sachin Khatri
Introduction: Oral malodour is a social malady affecting people of all the age groups. Effective management of oral malodour is the key to improve the quality of life of such people. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of ayurvedic medication, G32 in controlling oral malodour and comparing the effects with Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This was a single blind randomized controlled trial with parallel study design conducted at a hospital in the city of Udupi in Southern India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201598/use-of-probiotics-and-oral-health
#2
REVIEW
Robert P Allaker, Abish S Stephen
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this study is to critically assess recent studies concerning the use of probiotics to control periodontal diseases, dental caries and halitosis (oral malodour). Recent Findings: Clinical studies have shown that probiotics when allied to conventional periodontal treatment can ameliorate microbial dysbiosis and produce significant improvement in clinical indicators of disease. However, this effect is often not maintained by the host after the end of probiotic use...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164566/drug-related-oral-malodour-halitosis-a-literature-review
#3
M Torsten, G Gómez-Moreno, A Aguilar-Salvatierra
Dry mouth (xerostomia), is a fairly common, well-researched condition, which is an indirect cause of oral malodour. This systematic literature review looked into another cause of bad breath: adverse drug reactions in the orofacial region causing halitosis. The study focused on extraoral halitosis, and its subdivisions, particularly blood borne halitosis in which malodourous compounds in the blood stream are carried to the lungs, passively diffused across the pulmonary alveolar membrane to enter the breath. An electronic search was conducted in various databases...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068319/microbiome-associated-with-dentures-malodour
#4
Shai Yitzhaki, Leah Reshef, Uri Gophna, Mel Rosenberg, Nir Sterer
In the past, our inability to cultivate most of the oral microorganisms has limited our view of this complex ecosystem. In the present study, we utilized next generation deep sequencing techniques to revisit the microbiome associated with dentures malodour a growing problem with the rise in life expectancy. Study population comprised of twenty six full dentures patients (mean age 71±6.4, 16 females) who visited the Tel Aviv University dental geriatric clinic. Dentures malodour was rated organoleptically by a single odour judge and dentures scored 2 and above were considered malodour positive...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743086/effect-of-cinnamon-cinnamomum-verum-bark-essential-oil-on-the-halitosis-associated-bacterium-solobacterium-moorei-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity
#5
Geneviève LeBel, Bruno Haas, Andrée-Ann Adam, Marie-Pier Veilleux, Amel Ben Lagha, Daniel Grenier
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodour, is a condition affecting a large proportion of the population. Solobacterium moorei is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that has been specifically associated with halitosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of essential oils, more particularly cinnamon bark oil, on growth, biofilm formation, eradication and killing, as well as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production by S. moorei. METHODS: A broth microdilution assay was used to determine the antibacterial activity of essential oils...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703175/prevent-oral-malodour-all-day
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544762/the-effect-of-a-tooth-tongue-gel-and-mouthwash-regimen-on-morning-oral-malodour-a-3-week-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
E Van der Sluijs, G A Van der Weijden, N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, D E Slot
AIM: To compare the effects of a regimen consisting of a tooth/tongue gel, tongue cleaner and mouthwash with the effects of using standard fluoride dentifrice on the organoleptic oral malodour score (ORG) and volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total, 66 non-dental students participated in a 3-week parallel, single-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. The test group used a tongue cleaner, a tooth/tongue gel and mouthwash containing amine fluoride/stannous fluoride and zinc lactate as oral malodour counteractive...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174164/improving-malodour-management-in-advanced-cancer-a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-topical-oral-and-maintenance-metronidazole
#8
Reena George, Thotampuri Shanthi Prasoona, Ramu Kandasamy, Renitha Cherian, Thangarathi Celine, Jenifer Jeba, Shakila Murali, David Mathew
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relative effectiveness of topical or oral metronidazole used for malodour in necrotic cancers and to propose a protocol for metronidazole usage in managing malodour. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of the management of malodour over 10 years comparing outcomes with topical, intermittent and maintenance oral metronidazole. RESULTS: Among 179 patients treated for malodour, the commonest primaries were cervical (45%), and head and neck cancers (40%)...
September 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000643/pattern-of-presentation-and-outcome-of-routine-dental-interventions-in-patients-with-halitosis
#9
Olufemi Elijah Oyetola, Foluso John Owotade, Olawumi Adedoyin Fatusi, Saheed Olatunji
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the pattern of presentation of halitosis and to evaluate the success rate following routine dental intervention irrespective of the type of halitosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among sixty consecutive patients who presented in our Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine Clinic, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, on account of halitosis from May 2015 to April 2016...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869109/effect-of-red-dyes-on-blue-light-phototoxicity-against-vsc-producing-bacteria-in-an-experimental-oral-biofilm
#10
U Jeffet, R Nasrallah, N Sterer
Oral malodour is considered to be caused mainly by the production of volatile sulfide compounds (VSC) by anaerobic Gram-negative oral bacteria. Previous study showed that these bacteria were susceptible to blue light (wavelengths of 400-500 nm). In the present study, we tested the effect of blue light in the presence of red dyes on malodour production in an experimental oral biofilm. Biofilms were exposed to a plasma-arc light source for 30, 60, and 120 s (i.e. fluences of 41, 82, and 164 J cm(-2), respectively) with the addition of erythrosine, natural red and rose bengal (0...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753430/light-activated-antimicrobial-agents-can-inactivate-oral-malodour-causing-bacteria
#11
Marika Rai, David Spratt, Paola R Gomez-Pereira, Jay Patel, Sean P Nair
Oral malodour is a common condition which affects a large proportion of the population, resulting in social, emotional and psychological stress. Certain oral bacteria form a coating called a biofilm on the tongue dorsum and degrade organic compounds releasing volatile sulfur compounds that are malodourous. Current chemical treatments for oral malodour such as mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine or essential oils, are not sufficiently effective at reducing the bacterial load on the tongue. One potential alternative to current chemical treatments for oral malodour is the use of light activated antimicrobial agents (LAAAs), which display no toxicity or antimicrobial activity in the dark, but when exposed to light of a specific wavelength produce reactive oxygen species which induce damage to target cells in a process known as photodynamic inactivation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594560/the-role-of-probiotics-in-prevention-of-oral-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Magdalena Janczarek, Teresa Bachanek, Elżbieta Mazur, Renata Chałas
The dynamic development of knowledge in the field of probiotics was commenced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many ways of their possible usage in medicine have been established. In accordance with the WHO, probiotics are live microorganisms, which if applied in adequate amounts may benefit the host. Among probiotics, fungi and bacteria are distinguished, and mechanisms of action of these organisms in the oral cavity and gut are parallel. Application in dentistry, in prophylaxis and treatment of oral diseases is still not well known...
January 4, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524540/zinc-a-precious-trace-element-for-oral-health-care
#13
REVIEW
Tayyaba Fatima, Zubaidah Binti Haji Abdul Rahim, Chai Wen Lin, Zeeshan Qamar
This review will discuss the importance of Zinc in the maintenance of oral health. Zinc (Zn) is a trace element of valuable importance. In the oral cavity, it is naturally present at various sites such as dental plaque, dental hard tissues and saliva. It is proven to be effective against common prevalent oral health problems such as dental caries, gingivitis, periodontitis and malodour. It is being used in various oral health care products to control the formation of dental plaque and inhibiting the formation of dental calculus...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228022/withdrawn-mouthrinses-for-the-treatment-of-halitosis
#14
REVIEW
Zbys Fedorowicz, Hamad Aljufairi, Mona Nasser, Trent L Outhouse, Vinícius Pedrazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212001/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-67-sodium-bicarbonate-toothpaste-on-gingivitis
#15
A Lomax, S Patel, N Wang, K Kakar, A Kakar, M L Bosma
INTRODUCTION: In previous studies, toothpastes with high levels of sodium bicarbonate (>50%) have reduced gingival inflammation and oral malodour. This study compared the effects of brushing for 6 weeks with 67% (test group) or 0% (control group) sodium bicarbonate toothpaste on gingival health. METHODS: This was a single-centre, single examiner-blind, randomized, controlled, two-treatment, parallel-group study. Eligible subjects (≥18 years) had ≥20 gradable teeth, mild-to-moderate gingivitis, a positive response to bleeding on brushing and ≥20 bleeding sites...
November 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26404947/the-efficacy-of-two-oral-hygiene-regimens-in-reducing-oral-malodour-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Magda Feres, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Marcelo Faveri, Marcelo C Guerra, Luis R Mateo, Bernal Stewart, Malcolm Williams, Foti Panagakos
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the efficacy of two oral hygiene regimens in reducing oral malodour and the proportions of bacterial species involved in the production of volatile sulphur compounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy subjects who participated in a halitosis-induction phase and achieved an organoleptic score of ≥ 3.0 [time point 0 (T0)] randomised into two groups: brushing with regular fluoride toothpaste alone (control group) or brushing with regular fluoride toothpaste followed by rinsing with a 0...
December 2015: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26123783/probiotics-can-they-be-used-to-improve-oral-health
#17
REVIEW
O E Gungor, Z Kirzioglu, M Kivanc
The role of probiotic bacteria in improving human health has been an attractive subject for researchers since the beginning of the 20(th) century. They have been used to control gastro-intestinal infections, to promote immunity and to prevent various diseases (allergies, urogenital infections, etc.). However, the use of beneficial bacteria in the field of dentistry has only recently gained interest. Investigation of the effects of probiotic bacteria on oral health has become an important research subject. These studies are still in the early stages, however results show that probiotic bacteria are effective against tooth caries, periodontal disease, oral mucosal lesions and oral malodour...
2015: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26098532/oral-malodour-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-health-behaviour-and-oral-health-status
#18
H Rani, M Ueno, T Zaitsu, Y Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral malodour level and its association with health behaviour, oral health behaviour and oral health status among adolescents. METHOD: A questionnaire survey and clinical examination that included tongue coating and oral malodour status were conducted on 665 senior high school students in Saitama, Japan. Analyses of Pearson chi-square, independent samples t-test and logistic regression were conducted using SPSS 19.0 with the significance level set at P < 0...
May 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26062259/assessment-and-management-of-halitosis
#19
Vijendra P Singh, Neeraj Malhotra, Abhishek Apratim, Madhu Verma
Halitosis is an unpleasant condition that may be the origin of concern not only for a possible health condition but also for frequent psychological alterations which may lead to social and personal isolation. The most frequent sources of halitosis that exist in the oral cavity include bacterial reservoirs such as the dorsum of the tongue, saliva and periodontal pockets. Volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) are the prominent elements of oral malodour. Genuine halitosis and pseudo-halitosis should be in the treatment realm of dental practitioners...
May 2015: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25938086/halitosis-in-otorhinolaryngology-practice
#20
REVIEW
Ozan Gokdogan, Tolgahan Catli, Fikret Ileri
Halitosis is a common and devastating condition, which may affect up to 1/3 of the population. It can be classified either as genuine halitosis, pseudohalitosis, or halitophobia. Genuine halitosis is more common and usually related to an organic pathology such as periodontitis. Malodour molecules such as sulfur compounds that arise from bacterial interactions generate the basis of oral malodour. Pathologies of the tongue, poor oral hygiene, deep caries, cryptic tonsillary hypertrophia, and postnasal drainage are also associated with halitosis...
March 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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