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Van der waals forces catheters

R J Peters, J H Meijer, R Kingma, G J Scheffer, R M Heethaar
Oesophageal pressure measurements in respiratory function tests are commonly performed using a balloon-catheter system. This study investigates the usefulness of catheter-mounted pressure transducers as an alternative to balloon-catheter systems. Calibration related physical properties of the catheter mounted pressure transducers are evaluated in vitro. The behaviour of these transducers in vivo is evaluated in ten volunteers by relating pressures measured in the oesophagus to airway opening pressures and by comparing these relationships with those sequentially obtained by a balloon-catheter system...
September 1998: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
L Brisset, V Vernet-Garnier, J Carquin, A Burde, J B Flament, C Choisy
Bacterial adhesion to biomaterials is a complex phenomenon involving numerous factors. The ability to reduce urinary catheters infections simply by general hygiene and asepsis is low: an ascending colonization cannot be avoided. This will lead to a clinical infection only if several factors favour the bacterial adhesion or the bacterial coaggregation and the feeding of the bacterial biofilm. Among the many factors involved in bacterial adhesion, we focused in this paper on the physical parameters of surface hydrophobicity of the urinary catheters (Van der Waals and acido-basic forces) and the surface hydrophobicity of the bacteria (BATH and zeta potential)...
May 1996: Pathologie-biologie
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