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adenoid hypertrophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807075/relationship-between-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-children
#1
S Kaya, E Selimoğlu, S Cureoğlu, M A Selimoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Otitis media with effusion and obesity are both common in childhood and might share some immunological alterations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic otitis media with effusion and childhood overweight or obesity, including the potential effects of adenoid or tonsillar hypertrophy on that relationship. METHODS: This study included 60 children with chronic otitis media with effusion and 86 healthy children aged from 2 to 10 years...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702869/ambulatory-clinical-parameters-and-sleep-respiratory-events-in-a-group-of-obese-children-unselected-for-respiratory-problems
#2
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Angelo Pietrobelli, Cristiano Fava, Giuseppe Lippi, Claudio Maffeis, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti, Sara Bonafini, Angela Tagetti, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea in children is frequently due to tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ambulatory clinical parameters and sleep respiratory events in obese children. METHODS: We carried out a prospective respiratory sleep study between 2013 and 2015. Nails obstruction, tonsils enlargement and palate position were subjectively measured. Italian attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale for parents was also performed...
July 12, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691830/the-effect-of-adenotomy-allergy-and-smoking-on-microbial-colonization-of-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-children
#3
B Uhliarová, G Bugová, M Jeseňák, S Pechacova, M Hamarova, A Hajtman
AIM: To evaluate microbial colonization of upper aerodigestive tract in children and to investigate the influence of adenoid hypertrophy, allergy and exposition to cigarette smoke on presence of pathogens. METHODS: In 43 children with adenoid hypertrophy and 17 healthy children bacterial culture was performed by a swab from middle nasal meatus, nasopharynx and tonsils. The effect of adenotomy, presence of allergy and exposure to passive smoking on bacterial colonization were investigated...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690230/-comparison-between-the-effect-of-endoscopic-assisted-low-temperature-plasma-and-electric-planer-on-the-treatment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-a-meta-analysis
#4
Shaobing Xie, Yanni Zhang, Zhenhang Xu, Jianhui Zhang, Xuewen Wu, Hong Sun
To compare the effect of endoscopic-assisted low temperature plasma (ELTP) and electric planer (EP) on the treatment of adenoid hypertrophy.
 Methods: We searched China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Weipu Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature (CMB), PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database, and collected the randomized controlled studies regarding the effect of ELTP and EP on the treatment of adenoid hypertrophy from January 2007 to June 2016. Methodologies were used to evaluate the included studies, and Meta-analysis was performed by Revman 5...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653270/revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#5
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Kun-Tai Kang
There is a lack of population-level analysis of revision adenoidectomy in children. This study reveals the revision rates and factors associated with paediatric revision adenoidectomy in Taiwan. From the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified all in-hospital children (age <18 years) who underwent adenoidectomy between 2000 and 2007. All children had received at least 5 years of follow-up from the index date, and the clinical records until 2012 were examined. Factors affecting the paediatric revision adenoidectomy were analysed using the multivariable Cox proportional hazards model...
June 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651774/correlation-and-reliability-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-nasopharyngeal-volumetric-and-area-measurements-as-determined-by-commercial-software-against-nasopharyngoscopy-supported-diagnosis-of-adenoid-hypertrophy
#6
Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Noura Alsufyani, Michael Major, Sandra Palomino-Gómez, José Roberto Pereira, Carlos Flores-Mir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic correlation and reliability of Dolphin Imaging fully automated segmentation (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, Calif) for assessing adenoid hypertrophy. This was investigated through 3 modes: (1) intraobserver and interobserver agreement of repeated airway auto-segmentation procedures, (2) correlation between auto-segmentation measures of volume and minimal cross-sectional airway against nasopharyngoscopy, and (3) optimum diagnostic cutoff thresholds for volume and minimal cross-sectional airway identified and tested with sensitivity and specificity analyses...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648251/immune-thrombocytopenia-of-childhood-responsive-to-tonsillectomy-in-the-setting-of-chronic-tonsillitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Richard William Thompson, Anil Gungor
OBJECTIVES: Immune thrombocytopenia of childhood (platelet count <100,000/μL) is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in children. Patients typically present with bruising and bleeding in the setting of thrombocytopenia. Although it is usually short-lived, some cases persist and are unresponsive to treatment. This can lead to exposure to a variety of treatment regimens including immunosuppressants and splenectomy. The goal of this report is to present a case of chronic ITP of childhood that responded to tonsillectomy addressing the tonsils as a source of chronic infection and inflammation triggering ITP...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635219/-olfactory-function-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-who-underwent-adenotonsillectomy-during-pre-and-post-operative-period
#8
H G Pan, H Yang, G W Chen, L Li, Z B Wu, J M Wang
Objective: To assess the olfactory function in children with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the changes of both olfactory function and appetite in children with adenoid hypertrophy before and after adenoidectomy. Methods: Forty-four children with adenoid hypertrophy admitted for adenoidectomy, aged 7-12 years, mean age (10.0±2.0) years were tested by Sniffin' Sticks test and visual analog scale(VAS) of the children's appetite preoperatively between March and August 2015.In a appointment 6 months after operation, all of them returned and were tested again...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625122/a-ten-year-review-of-chronic-cor-pulmonale-secondary-to-respiratory-diseases-in-ghana
#9
Collins Oduro-Boatey, Della Adzosii
Chronic cor pulmonale is defined as right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension. Our study reviewed all cases of chronic cor pulmonale secondary to respiratory diseases in a ten-year period (2004-20014) in the Department of Child Health, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Nine cases of chronic cor pulmonale were recorded during the period. The age range was 1-9 years (average age = 3 years). Obstructive sleep apnoea secondary to adenoid hypertrophy was the commonest cause of pulmonary hypertension...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#10
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572918/multi-morbidities-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-european-academy-of-allergy-and-clinical-immunology-task-force-report
#11
REVIEW
C Cingi, P Gevaert, R Mösges, C Rondon, V Hox, M Rudenko, N B Muluk, G Scadding, F Manole, C Hupin, W J Fokkens, C Akdis, C Bachert, P Demoly, J Mullol, A Muraro, N Papadopoulos, R Pawankar, P Rombaux, E Toskala, L Kalogjera, E Prokopakis, P W Hellings, J Bousquet
This report has been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Task Force on Allergic Rhinitis (AR) comorbidities. The aim of this multidisciplinary European consensus document is to highlight the role of multimorbidities in the definition, classification, mechanisms, recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of AR, and to define the needs in this neglected area by a literature review. AR is a systemic allergic disease and is generally associated with numerous multi-morbid disorders, including asthma, eczema, food allergies, eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), conjunctivitis, chronic middle ear effusions, rhinosinusitis, adenoid hypertrophy, olfaction disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, disordered sleep and consequent behavioural and educational effects...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562390/myhre-syndrome-with-novel-findings-bilateral-congenital-cortical-cataract-bilateral-papilledema-accessory-nipple-and-adenoid-hypertrophy
#12
Haktan B Erdem, Ibrahim Sahin, Abdulgani Tatar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489737/clinical-effect-of-montelukast-sodium-combined-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-osas-children
#13
Da-Zhi Yang, Jia Liang, Feng Zhang, Hong-Bing Yao, Yan Shu
This study was designed to investigate the clinical effect of montelukast sodium combined with inhaled corticosteroids in the treatment of children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).One hundred ninety-five children were enrolled and divided into 3 groups: groups A, B, and C; the group A (oral use of montelukast sodium), group B (nasal spray of mometasone furoate), and group C (oral use of montelukast sodium + nasal spray of mometasone furoate). Telephone questionnaire surveys were carried out. Polysomnography monitoring was performed and lateral x-ray radiographs of the cervical spine were taken before treatment and at 12 weeks after treatment...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485292/assessment-and-management-of-retraction-pockets
#14
Cuneyt Alper, Ewa Olszewska
This manuscript intends to review types, pathogenesis, associated risk factors, and potential methods of prevention and treatment of the retraction pockets in adults and children. The importance of retraction pockets (RP) lies in loss of original histological and anatomical structure which is associated with development of ossicular chain erosion, cho¬lesteatoma formation and potentially life threatening complications of cholesteatoma. The trans-mucosal exchange each gas in the middle ear (ME) is towards equalizing its partial pressures with the partial pressure in the environ¬ment...
February 28, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#15
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
July 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468136/craniofacial-deviations-in-the-children-with-nasal-obstruction
#16
Ayca Ant, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloglu, Metin Yilmaz, Alper Dilci
Nasal obstruction mainly caused by adenoid hypertrophy in children affects the craniofacial growth and development process, and the craniofacial deviations and/or differences reported in the children are very similar to those in the adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The authors aimed to look for relationships of the linear craniofacial dimensions in the children suffering from nasal obstruction with age, degree of clinical nasal obstruction score (CNOS), and relative size of the adenoid mass within the nasopharynx in their study...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459055/video-nasoendoscopic-assisted-transoral-adenoidectomy-with-the-peak-plasmablade-a-preliminary-report-of-a-case-series
#17
Chao-Yin Kuo, Yuan-Yung Lin, Hsin-Chien Chen, Cheng-Ping Shih, Chih-Hung Wang
Objectives. The primary objective for this study is to evaluate the advantages, disadvantages, surgical applicability, and outcome of the pulsed electron avalanche knife (PEAK) PlasmaBlade in transoral adenoidectomy under direct visualization using video nasoendoscopy. Patients and Methods. In this series, six cases of adenoid hypertrophy showing varying clinical presentations in relation to its clinical course were surgically treated using a PEAK PlasmaBlade. Before and after surgery, all patients underwent nasal endoscopy to define the grading of hypertrophic adenoids and postoperative outcome...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#18
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
September 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390595/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-a-5-month-old-with-tonsillar-hypertrophy-secondary-to-congenital-neutropenia-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
O G Ahmed, E M Lambert
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) is the primary surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with tonsillar and adenoid hypertrophy (TAH). We present the case of a 5-month old male with congenital neutropenia who developed severe TAH during treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). He had severe OSA, decreased oral intake, and failure to thrive (FTT) which all improved after undergoing a successful intracapsular T&A. We describe a successful procedure to help alleviate symptoms of OSA and FTT in this young infant with congenital neutropenia who developed TAH during treatment with G-CSF...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386646/the-role-of-upper-airway-obstruction-and-snoring-in-the-etiology-of-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#20
Huseyin Bugra Karakas, Muhammet Recai Mazlumoglu, Eda Simsek
This study evaluated the necessity of examining the upper airway in children with nocturnal enuresis. 225 children (aged 5-16 years), who were referred from the urology outpatient clinic between May 2015 and May 2016 and who had completed toilet training, were included in this study. Participants were separated into monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) (group 1) and without MNE (group 2) groups. Tonsil hypertrophy, adenoid vegetation, septal deviation, turbinate hypertrophy, allergic rhinitis, upper airway obstruction, and snoring etiology were assessed...
April 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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