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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859593/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children-admitted-for-adeno-tonsillectomy-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital-pretoria-south-africa
#1
Timothy Els, Ian Paul Olwoch
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of acquired hearing loss in children worldwide. However, previous South African studies have consistently reported the local paediatric OME prevalence to be lower than typically published in international literature. Furthermore, no South African studies have investigated OME in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of OME in children admitted for adeno-tonsillectomy at our institution in Pretoria, South Africa...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859577/assessment-of-posterior-choanal-obstruction-caused-by-adenoidal-hypertrophy-intra-operative-mirror-versus-rigid-nasendoscopic-examination
#2
Ahmed Eweiss, Chadwan Al Yaghchi, Sunil Sharma, Phui Yee Wong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare the degree of posterior choanal obstruction caused by adenoidal hypertrophy intra-operatively, when assessed by mirror versus rigid nasendoscopic examination, in children undergoing adenoidectomy. METHODS: This is a prospective blinded study including all consecutive paediatric cases undergoing adenoidectomy under care of the senior author during the period from June 2015 to December 2016. All cases were performed under general anaesthesia...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798352/-clinical-application-of-the-dynamic-adenoidal-hypertrophy-ratio-in-the-evaluation-of-illness-severity-in-children-with-osahs
#3
G H Zeng, Y Li, Y H Teng, J Zhu
Objective: To evaluate application value of the dynamic adenoidal/hypertrophy (A/N) ratio in children with OSAHS by analyzing the correlation between the A/N ratio at the different respiratory phases and the index of polysomnography. Method: Fifty-one childrens, with simple hypertrophic adenoids, were diagnosed as OSAHS. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with respiratory gating technology were used to scan the upper airway of children during sleep at the early, middle and end phases of respiratory cycle, and measure adenoidal hypertrophy ratio in different respiratory phases...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798351/-analysis-of-related-factors-of-recurrent-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#4
Z Zhu, G X Zheng, Q Li, Q L Shi, H G Zhou, R P Fang
Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of recurrent episodes of otitis media with effusion in children. Method: A retrospective summary of the clinical data of 210 cases of children with otitis media with effusion, 75 cases of recurrence after treatment, 135 cases were recovered, the recurrence of the related factors and after symptomatic treatment effect is analyzed. Result: Logistic regression analysis results found that adenoid hypertrophy (Ⅲ°, Ⅳ°), tonsil hypertrophy (Ⅳ°) and sinusitis (including choanal polyp), a positive allergens, upper respiratory tract infection, the stomach esophagus regurgitation, cleft palate, younger age has significant effect on recurrence of otitis media with effusion, have significant difference ( P < 0...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798245/-retrospective-analysis-of-the-four-kinds-of-virus-in-adeno-tonsillar-tissues-from-children-using-pcr
#5
H H Liu, T Peng
Objective: To investigate the seasonal disturbations and the rates of detection of EpsteinBarr virus (EBV), Human Bocavirus(HBoV), and polyomaviruses KI and WU (KIPyV and WUPyV) in adenoid and tonsil tissues during the absence of acute infection symptoms. Method: DNA expressions of EBV, HBoV, polyomaviruses KIPyV and WUPyV were investigated in children with chronic tonsillar and adenoidal diseases using real time polymerase chain reaction. The patients were divided into three group: adenoid group, chronic tonsillit group and hypertrophic tonsillitis group...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783226/algorithm-of-adenoiditis-treatment-in-adults-depending-on-the-pharyngeal-tonsil-hypertrophy-stage
#6
Yevhen V Smiianov, Vladyslav A Smiianov, Inna A Sniehirova, Olha I Smiianova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Implementation of the endoscopic technologies while the upper airways diseases gave opportunity to diagnose the adenoid vegetation in adults. The aim: Тo offer effective algorithm of curing adults for adenoiditis, depending on the degree of pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 43 patients aged 18 - 55 with hypertrophy of pharyngeal tonsil were examined. Depending on the degree of hypertrophy three clinical groups of patients was created: the first one receiving only conservative treatment, the second one receiving conservative therapy and radiowaveradiation coagulation with the apparatus "SURGITRON" and the third one receiving the endoscopic shave adenotomy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764740/are-computed-tomography-3d-measurements-of-the-upper-airways-in-mouth-breathing-children-in-agreement-with-the-ent-clinical-diagnosis-of-obstruction
#7
Bruno César Ladeira Vidigal, Carolina Morsani Mordente, Paula Loureiro Cheib, Flávio Ricardo Manzi, Letícia Paiva Franco, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Bernardo Quiroga Souki
INTRODUCTION: Imaging studies have hystorically been used to support the clinical otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the upper respiratory tract for the diagnosis of obstructive causes of oral breathing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare 3D volumetric measurements of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx of obstructed mouth-breathing children with measurements of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 mouth-breathing children aged 5-9 years evaluated by otorhinolaryngological clinical examination, flexible nasoendoscopy and full-head multi-slice computed tomography...
March 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696368/the-predictive-value-of-polysomnography-combined-with-quality-of-life-for-treatment-decision-of-children-with-habitual-snoring-related-to-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#8
Guoqiang Zhao, Yanru Li, Xiaoyi Wang, Xiu Ding, Chunyan Wang, Wen Xu, Demin Han
PURPOSE: Both surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment are suggested by clinicians for children with habitual snoring related to adenotonsillar hypertrophy; However, how should the decision be made remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate potential predictors for the treatment decision, i.e., surgical treatment vs wait and see in children with habitual snoring related to adenoidal and/or tonsillar hypertrophy. METHODS: Children with complaints of snoring and/or apnea associated with adenotonsillar hypertrophy who received polysomnography (PSG) monitoring at our Hospital were recruited...
June 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649882/local-atopy-in-childhood-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#9
Kyu-Sup Cho, Seong Heon Kim, Sung-Lyong Hong, Jaeyoung Lee, Sue Jean Mun, Young Eun Roh, Young Mi Kim, Hye-Young Kim
Background Although the cause of adenotonsillar hypertrophy remains unknown, some studies have shown that allergy may be a risk factor. Purpose This study determined the levels of allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) in the adenotonsillar tissues of children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and evaluated the clinical significance of local atopy in adenotonsillar tissues. Methods We measured 21 types of specific immunoglobulin E in the serum and adenotonsillar tissues of 102 children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and compared the sensitization patterns of the serum and local tissues...
May 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595664/roles-of-t-follicular-helper-cells-in-the-pathogenesis-of-adenoidal-hypertrophy-combined-with-secretory-otitis-media
#10
Chunyan Feng, Qicheng Zhang, Guangquan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Yanshu Zhang
The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in secretory otitis media (SOM) combined with adenoidal hypertrophy (AH).Patients with AH or AH combined with SOM admitted to the Yancheng No. 1 People's Hospital from December 2012 to December 2014 were included. Fourteen age-matched healthy individuals received physical examinations in the hospital served as control. The venous Tfh was determined using flow cytometry, and CD3 + CD4 + CXCR5 + T lymphocytes were defined as Tfh cells...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501304/sleep-endoscopy-findings-in-children-with-persistent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillectomy
#11
Steven W Coutras, Alexander Limjuco, Kristin E Davis, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVES: Describe the patterns of obstruction in persistent pediatric OSA and their relationship with patient weight. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: All pediatric DISE procedures performed at a tertiary care hospital between October 2010 and October 2015 were reviewed. Patients had polysomnography after adenotonsillectomy that confirmed persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Variables included age, gender, co-morbidities, and AHI...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500040/innate-immunity-gene-expression-by-epithelial-cells-of-upper-respiratory-tract-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy
#12
Lyudmila Viktorovna Gankovskaya, Valentina Pavlovna Bykova, Leila Seimurovna Namasova-Baranova, Alexander Viktorovich Karaulov, Irina Viktorovna Rahmanova, Viktor Anatolievich Gankovskii, Catherine Dmitrievna Merkushova, Oksana Anatolievna Svitich
BACKGROUND: A major role of the innate immunity in the defence of mucosal tissue is well established. However, a balance between the main components of the immunity such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and defensins in the pathology of upper respiratory tract in children has not been addressed yet. Our aim was to investigate the gene expression of some TLRs as well as alpha and beta-defensins in children suffered from adenoid hyperthrophy in comparison with healthy children. METHODS: Samples (nasal epithelium and adenoids) from patients with hypertrophic adenoids (n = 77) and control group (n = 33) were investigated...
February 27, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498980/does-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-cause-systemic-microvascular-dysfunction
#13
Hasan Emre Koçak, Ayşe Şermin Filiz Acipayam, Harun Acipayam, Bilgen Çakil Erdoğan, Mustafa Suphi Elbistanli, Kamil Hakan Kaya
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) secondary to adenoid hypertrophy causes systemic microvascular dysfunction. This is a prospective single-blinded case-control study. As the patient group, 81 patients diagnosed to have OSAS secondary to adenoid hypertrophy at our hospital between January 2016 and May 2016; as the control group, 26 healthy pediatric volunteers who presented to the hospital for health screening were included in this study. Three groups of OSAS patients were defined as mild, moderate, and severe respectively, according to the lateral nasopharynx x-ray...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471795/superficial-punctate-keratopathy-in-a-pediatric-patient-was-related-to-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Ying-Ying Gao, Hong-Juan Wang, You Wu
BACKGROUND: Known causes of superficial punctuate keratopathy (SPK) in children include entropion, viral infection, blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC), and toxicity of eye drops. However, there are some SPK patients whose causes could not be identified well. Herein, we describe the history, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of a rare case. CASE PRESENTATION: To report a case of superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK) which coexisted with floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) and presented as intermittent red eye and blurred vision in an 11-year-old boy who slept in the prone position...
February 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465614/radiation-induced-painful-neurogenic-hypertrophy-treated-with-botulinum-toxin-a
#15
Alexandra Filippakis, Doreen T Ho, Juan E Small, Kirstin M Small, Erik R Ensrud
Painful neurogenic hypertrophy is a rare complication of radiation therapy. We report a 27-year-old woman with a history of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the submandibular gland presented with painful twitching of her left shoulder. Electrodiagnostic studies were consistent with a diagnosis of radiation-induced spinal accessory nerve hyperactivity. The patient failed conventional medical therapy. She was treated with an injection of botulinum toxin A, and within 1 month experienced significant relief of symptoms...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447897/pattern-of-allergic-rhinitis-among-children-in-ekiti-nigeria
#16
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Shuaib Kayode Aremu, Akanbi Ganiyu Olusola
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a chronic and recurrent nasal condition. It is often neglected in children with late presentation. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, sociodemographic features, comorbid illnesses, complications and quality of life in children with allergic rhinitis in the study institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective hospital based study of children with allergic rhinitis in Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado Ekiti...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403156/chiari-type-1-malformation-associated-with-central-sleep-apnea-after-high-dose-growth-hormone-gh-therapy-in-a-12-year-old-boy-a-case-report
#17
Toshihiko Mori, Eri Nishino, Tomomi Jitsukawa, Emiko Hoshino, Satoshi Hirakawa, Yuki Kuroiwa, Shigeto Fuse, Yuko Yoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi
We describe the case of a short-statured 12-yr-old boy who developed a Chiari type 1 malformation associated with central sleep apnea after administration of high-dose GH therapy, which he had been receiving since the age of 10 yr and 4 mo. He responded well to GH therapy, and his height increased by 18.8 cm in 2 yr. At 12 yr and 4 mo of age, his mother reported that he had developed sleep apnea during the previous year and it had worsened over a month prior to presentation at our hospital. Otolaryngological examination did not reveal tonsillar or adenoidal hypertrophy...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369187/clinical-application-of-mri-respiratory-gating-technology-in-the-evaluation-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#18
Guohui Zeng, Yaoshu Teng, Jin Zhu, Darong Zhu, Bin Yang, Linpin Hu, Manman Chen, Xiao Fu
The objective of the present study was to investigate the clinical application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-respiratory gating technology for assessing illness severity in children with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).MRI-respiratory gating technology was used to scan the nasopharyngeal cavities of 51 children diagnosed with OSAHS during 6 respiratory phases. Correlations between the ratio of the area of the adenoid to the area of the nasopalatine pharyngeal cavity (Sa/Snp), with the main indexes of polysomnography (PSG), were analyzed...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343743/expression-and-subcellular-localisation-of-aid-and-apobec3-in-adenoid-and-palatine-tonsils
#19
Noriko Seishima, Satoru Kondo, Kousho Wakae, Naohiro Wakisaka, Eiji Kobayashi, Makoto Kano, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Kazuhira Endo, Tomoko Imoto, Kazuya Ishikawa, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Takayoshi Ueno, Miki Koura, Koichi Kitamura, Masamichi Muramatsu, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) and apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing catalytic polypeptide 3 (A3) family are cytidine deaminases that play critical roles in B-cell maturation, antiviral immunity and carcinogenesis. Adenoids and palatine tonsils are secondary lymphoid immune organs, in which AID and A3s are thought to have several physiological or pathological roles. However, the expression of AID or A3s in these organs has not been investigated. Therefore, we investigated the expression profiles of AID and A3s, using 67 samples of adenoids and palatine tonsils from patients, with reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemical analyses...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313145/evaluation-of-choroidal-thickness-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy
#20
Taliye Cakabay, Selin Üstün Bezgin, Sadık Etka Bayramoglu, Nihat Sayin, Murat Kocyigit
OBJECTIVE: To assess choroidal thickness in children with adenoid hypertrophy versus normal controls using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS: Twenty-six children (left and right eyes, total 52 eyes), which were scheduled to adenoidectomy with severe adenoid hypertrophy and 26 age, sex and body mass index-matched healthy subjects (left and right eyes, total 52 eyes) were included in the study. Choroidal thicknesses (CT) were evaluated using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography...
February 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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