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adenoid hypertrophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888821/effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-pulmonary-function-tests-in-children-with-mild-asthma
#1
Merve Aykan, Sedat Aydın, Sedat Öktem, Mehmet Gökhan Demir, Engin Tutar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effect of adenoid hypertrophy on asthma in children with mild asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2010 and September 2012, 63 children (42 males, 21 females; median age 10.5 years; range 6 to 14 years) admitted to our clinic with asthma complaint were included in this study. These children were evaluated for adenoid hypertrophy, symptoms of asthma, medical treatment, pulmonary function tests at the beginning of the study and at the end of second month...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#2
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871704/accuracy-and-reliability-of-orthodontists-using-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-for-assessment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy
#3
Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Noura A Alsufyani, Michael Major, Giseon Heo, Carlos Flores-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to evaluate the reliability of agreement between orthodontists, with various degrees of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging manipulation comfort, in classifying adenoid hypertrophy through CBCT generated images and also to determine how accurate orthodontists are compared with the gold standard diagnosis, nasopharyngoscopy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which a randomized list of board-certified orthodontists evaluated different degrees of adenoid hypertrophy of a stratified sampling of 10 scans...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769628/-obesity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#4
A Amaddeo, L de Sanctis, J Olmo Arroyo, J-P Giordanella, P-J Monteyrol, B Fauroux
Obesity, along with hypertrophy of the adenoids and the tonsils, represents one of the major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Obesity is associated with an increase in the prevalence and the severity of OSA and is a major factor in the persistence and aggravation of OSA over time. Neurocognitive dysfunction and abnormal behavior are the most important and frequent end-organ morbidities associated with OSA in children. Other deleterious consequences such as cardiovascular stress and metabolic syndrome are less common in children than in adults with OSA...
October 18, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698737/pediatric-rhinitis-risk-factors
#5
Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu, Na Yang
Rhinitis is a common global disorder that impacts on the quality of life of the sufferer and caregivers. Treatment for pediatric rhinitis is empirical and does not include a detailed history of the allergy triggers or allergy testing. Thus, allergen avoidance advice is not tailored to the child's sensitivities, which may result in adenoid hypertrophy. However, infant onset rhinitis, especially its relationship with respiratory viruses, remains to be further clarified. Rhinitis basically involves inflammation of the upper nasal lining, presenting typically with symptoms of runny nose (rhinorrhea), nasal blockage, and/or sneezing...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684180/investigation-of-resectability-degree-for-adenoidal-surgery-in-osa-children-with-the-method-of-computational-fluid-dynamics
#6
Changlong Hu, Demin Han, Bing Zhou, Luo Zhang, Yunchuan Li, HongRui Zang, LiFeng Li
CONCLUSION: From aspect of fluid dynamics, expanding patients' nasopharyngeal coronal-sectional area to 48.3-54.7% of normal area will bring the airflow velocity back to normal in adenoidal hypertrophy children. It might provide a suggestion for adenoidectomy range selection and whether total resection is necessary. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nasopharyngeal airflow characteristics in pediatric OSA patients with adenoidal hypertrophy, and to explore the proper resection range for adenoidectomy Method: Nine OSA patients and four normal children were recruited...
August 9, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677381/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-asthma-among-children-aged-0-14-years-in-hangzhou-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Dan Xu, Yingshuo Wang, Zhimin Chen, Shuxian Li, Yungai Cheng, Li Zhang, Lingzhi Zhao
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a global problem. Prevalence varies among different countries and cities. We aimed to obtain the prevalence, describe the characteristics, and discover factors that may relate to asthma in Hangzhou. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hangzhou. The subjects were children aged 14 years and younger. A control group of non-asthma children that matched in age and sex with each asthmatic patient was also randomly selected and interviewed...
September 27, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647047/the-effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-on-maxillofacial-development-an-objective-photographic-analysis
#8
Cigdem Fırat Koca, Tamer Erdem, Tuba Bayındır
BACKGROUND: Deformity in the dental arc and facial skeleton by adenoid hypertrophy due to chronic mouth breathing is a well-known process. Most of the related studies have been based on cephalometric analyses. The aim of this study is to detect the presence of skeletal deformities on the soft tissue by analyzing distances and angles on photographs. METHODS: Ninety-seven children having between 25 and 100 % of adenoids, ages 4-12 years (48 boys, 49 girls), and 90 cases having 0-25 % adenoid tissue, ages 4-12 years (54 boys, 36 girls), were studied by clinical history, physical examination (including endoscopy), and standardized clinical photographs...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635273/reversible-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-after-adenotonsillectomy-a-case-report-of-a-child-treated-at-bugando-medical-centre-northwestern-tanzania
#9
Rogatus Kabyemera, Neema Chami, Neema Kayange, Respicius Bakalemwa, Antke Zuechner, Tumaini Mhada, Gustave Buname, Adolfine Hokororo, Johannes Kataraihya
Upper airway obstruction (UAO) due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy represents one of the rare causes of pulmonary hypertension in children. We report a case of adenotonsillar hypertrophy, managed at pediatric and otorhinolaryngology departments in Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), northwestern Tanzania, with complete remission of symptoms of pulmonary hypertension following adenotonsillectomy. A 17-month-old boy presented with difficulty breathing, dry cough, and noisy breathing since 1 year. He had facial and lower limb oedema with a pan systolic murmur at the tricuspid area, fine crepitations, and tender hepatomegaly...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607438/integrative-versus-conventional-therapy-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-adenoid-hypertrophy-in-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Henrik Szőke, Márta Maródi, Zsuzsa Sallay, Balázs Székely, Martin-Günther Sterner, Gabriella Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH) are common entities in the pediatric population. The conventional treatment approach (conventional medicine; COM) involved mainly surgery after a period of close observation. In this study, we aimed to introduce an integrative, non-invasive approach (integrative medicine; IM) for COME, AH, and associated episodes of recurrent acute otitis media, and compared outcomes with conventional treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study in an integrative primary care pediatric practice and a conventional pediatric otolaryngological clinic, where treatment modality was determined by patient preference...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563311/tympanometric-findings-among-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#11
Chibuike Nwosu, Mathilda Uju Ibekwe, Lucky Obukowho Onotai
Introduction. Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is a common childhood disorder. Adenoid plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). The aim of this study is to critically appraise the tympanometric finding among children with adenoid hypertrophy in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Methodology. A Prospective, controlled study carried out among newly diagnosed cases of adenoid hypertrophy at the ENT clinic of the UPTH, between November 2014 and June 2015. Tympanometry was done on each child and each ear was considerably studied as a single entity...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531860/mri-of-nasopharyngeal-adenoid-hypertrophy
#12
Alexey Surov, Ina Ryl, Sylvia Bartel-Friedrich, Andreas Wienke, Sabrina Kösling
Nasopharyngeal adenoid hypertrophy (NAH) is a typical benign lesion. Due to involution, nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue usually is not found in adults beyond the 30th to 40th year of life. However, occasionally NAH has been recognized after the 50th or 60th year. The aim of this study is to identify the frequency of NAH and to analyze its MRI findings in different age groups. From 2007 to 2011, 6693 MR investigations of the head were performed at our institution. MRI was obtained with a 1.5 T MRI device. NAH was identified in 18...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497421/the-association-of-residential-mold-exposure-and-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy-in-children-living-in-damp-environments
#13
Ozlem Atan Sahin, Nuray Kececioglu, Muhittin Serdar, Aysel Ozpinar
BACKGROUND: There are many consequences of mold exposure related to respiratory system health of children This retrospective cohort study aims to find the association between adenoid hypertrophy and mold exposure in children living in damp environments. METHODS: Children with history of recurrent respiratory tract infections were enrolled in the study between June 2012 and June 2013 and were followed up for adenoid hypertrophy from June 2013 to June 2016. One hundred and forty two children were residents of moldy houses and 242 were living in normal houses...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497386/an-objective-assessment-of-halitosis-in-children-with-adenoid-vegetation-during-pre-and-post-operative-period
#14
Mehmet Emre Dinc, Aytug Altundag, Denizhan Dizdar, Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Ethem Sahin, Seckin Ulusoy, Ceki Paltura
OBJECTIVES: Although most specialists in otorhinolaryngology and pediatrics find halitosis to be a common problem in children with adenoid hypertrophy, there are no objective data on this topic in the literature. Whether adenoid hypertrophy is a risk factor for halitosis or whether halitosis is a sign of adenoid hypertrophy remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether children diagnosed with adenoid hypertrophy have a higher probability of halitosis than do children in the normal population and whether adenoidectomy can decrease oral malodor...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430227/the-clinical-and-radiological-predictors-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-children-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#15
Foster T Orji, Daberechukwu K Adiele, Nnaemeka G Umedum, James O Akpeh, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Jones N Nwosu
Unrelieved upper airway obstruction from highly prevalent adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) has the potential of producing structural remodelling of the pulmonary vascular bed with resultant pulmonary hypertension (PH) and cor pulmonale. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the local prevalence of PH and examine its clinical and radiological pointers among children with ATH. The airway obstruction was evaluated clinically by grading the nocturnal and daytime symptoms of ATH. A Brodsky scale and adenoid-nasopharynx ratio (AN ratio) were used to categorize tonsil and adenoid size, respectively...
July 18, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405740/does-adenoid-hypertrophy-affect-disease-severity-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#16
Mahmut Dogru, Muhammed Fatih Evcimik, Omer Faruk Calim
Our study aims to evaluate the presence of adenoid hypertrophy (AH) in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) and the association of AH disease severity and clinical laboratory finding from retrospective, cross-sectional, and nonrandomized trial. The study included 566 children being treated and followed up for allergic rhinitis. Skin prick test for the same allergens was performed for all patients. Adenoid tissue was analyzed by an ENT specialist and the diagnosis was confirmed based on the patient history, endoscopic physical examination and radiology...
July 12, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405084/the-effect-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-adenoidectomy-in-patients-on-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#17
Murat Şereflican, Veysel Yurttaş, Fatma Erdem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382691/-children-severe-osahs-with-pectus-excavatum-a-case-report
#18
Wei Ma, Jinfeng Wang, Yuping Xie
The primary etiopathology of pediatric OSAHS includes tonsil or adenoid hypertrophy. Severe OSAHS contributes to or aggravates thoracic deformity, which is rarely reported. In the current report, This children sleep snoring more than 4 years, increasing with thoracic severe depression during sleep 2 days. Clinical examination indicated tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy, and polysomnography revealed OSAHS . The symptoms of OSAHS and severe inhalation-related sternum depression disappeared rapidly after tonsillectomy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377086/the-relationship-of-enuresis-nocturna-and-adenoid-hypertrophy
#19
Muhsin Balaban, Alper Aktas, Cuneyd Sevinc, Ugur Yucetas
OBJECTIVES: This study was organized to assess the relationship of enuresis nocturna (EN) and upper airway obstruction (UAO) in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was multi-centrically and prospectively designed including 79 children who presented to a urology clinic with symptoms of EN between January 2013 and February 2014. Sixty-four age-matched children with no history of urological complaints were randomly recruited from children admitted to a pediatric clinic as a control group...
2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368444/pediatric-adenoid-surgery-in-sweden-2004-2013-incidence-indications-and-concomitant-surgical-procedures
#20
Hanna Gerhardsson, Joacim Stalfors, Erik Odhagen, Ola Sunnergren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence and indications of adenoid surgery and concomitantly performed ENT surgical procedures in a nationwide cohort covering several years of practice. METHODS: A retrospective study based on data from the National patient registry in Sweden. All children born from 1st of January 2004 to December 31st, 2013 who underwent adenoidectomy for the first time in Sweden during 2004-2013 were included in the study. Patient characteristics (age and gender), indications for surgery and performed ENT surgery were evaluated...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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