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adenoid hypertrophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049225/factors-related-to-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-different-age-groups
#1
Jiali Wu, Meizhen Gu, Shumei Chen, Wei Chen, Kun Ni, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the factors related to pediatric obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children younger than 6 years and those older than 6 years.A total of 437 children who were hospitalized due to OSAHS between January 2014 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The children were further divided into OSAHS group and OSAHS + ADHD group. The general characteristics, OSA-18 quality of life, intention-hyperactivity score, and polysomnographic parameters (apnea-hypopnea index and the lowest oxygen saturation) were collected and compared between groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042788/decreased-frequency-of-adenoidectomy-by-a-12-week-nasal-budesonide-treatment
#2
Haiyu Hong, Fenghong Chen, Xiaobin Zheng, Wei Liao, Zhenpeng Liao, Yujie Cao, Haixin He, Zhe Zhu, Yunping Fan
OBJECTIVE: There is little evidence on the role of topical budesonide in reducing the frequency of adenoidectomy, although it was reported that topical budesonide can effectively ameliorate the symptoms of adenoid hypertrophy (AH). This study was aimed to investigate the possibility and safety of alternatives to adenoidectomy with a 12-week treatment with nasal budesonide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with AH were randomized to receive either a double-blind budesonide (1 mg once daily) or placebo treatment for 2 weeks by transnasal nebulization...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912855/effect-of-transoral-endoscopic-adenoidectomy-on-peripheral-blood-t-lymphocyte-subsets-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-and-its-treatment-strategy
#3
Na Yang, Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of transoral endoscopic adenoidectomy on peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its treatment strategy. Ninety-eight pediatric patients with adenoidal hypertrophy associated with OSAHS admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology, Xuzhou Children's Hospital were selected. After admission, patients received perfected 24 h polysomnogram monitoring, routine blood examination, fasting blood biochemistry examination, T-lymphocyte subset count, 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and nasopharyngeal computed tomography...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857989/albuminuria-in-pediatric-patients-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#4
Ozlem Unsal, Gulpembe Bozkurt, Meltem Esen Akpinar, Egehan Salepci, Gokce Aktas Oguz, Berna Uslu Coskun
The relationship between intermittent nocturnal hypoxia and albuminuria in pediatric patients with adenotonsillar hypertrophy was evaluated in this prospective study. Fifty children with grade 3 to 4 adenotonsillar hypertrophy scheduled for adenoidectomy and/or adenotonsillectomy were selected for study group. Fifteen patients with adenotonsillar grade 1 to 2 or adenotonsillectomized subjects in a similar range of sex, age, and body mass index scheduled for other surgeries were selected for control group. All children were monitored using finger pulse oximeter during the night before surgery...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851993/differential-changes-in-the-adenoids-and-tonsils-in-japanese-children-and-teenagers-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Asuka Manabe, Takayoshi Ishida, Hyung Sik Yoon, Shin-Sheng Yang, Eiichiro Kanda, Takashi Ono
When adenoids (Ad) and tonsils (Tn) become hypertrophied, craniofacial and general body growth is affected. However, there are no objective explicit criteria for evaluating the size of the Ad and Tn, and their respective growth patterns remain unclear. This study determined the average proportions of the Ad and Tn sizes to the upper airway area at various developmental stages in Japanese individuals. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained from 300 Japanese children and teenagers (150 boys and 150 girls, aged 6-20 years), and the respective proportions of Ad to the nasopharynx (Ad/Np) and Tn to the oropharynx (Tn/Op) in the upper airway were determined...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838318/anesthetic-management-during-adenotonsillectomy-for-twins-with-congenital-insensitivity-to-pain-with-anhidrosis-two-case-reports
#6
Cong Wang, Xianwei Zhang, Shanna Guo, Jiaoli Sun, Ningbo Li
BACKGROUND: Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hyperpyrexia, anhidrosis, pain insensitivity, self-inflicted injuries, and intellectual disability. The anesthetic management of these patients is challenging owing to the high risk of perioperative complications resulting from their autonomic dysfunction, such as hyperthermia, hypotension, and bradycardia, which result from autonomic nervous system dysfunction. CASE PRESENTATION: Two 3-year-old Han Chinese identical male twins (weighing 13...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807075/relationship-between-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-children
#7
S Kaya, E Selimoğlu, S Cureoğlu, M A Selimoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Otitis media with effusion and obesity are both common in childhood and might share some immunological alterations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic otitis media with effusion and childhood overweight or obesity, including the potential effects of adenoid or tonsillar hypertrophy on that relationship. METHODS: This study included 60 children with chronic otitis media with effusion and 86 healthy children aged from 2 to 10 years...
October 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702869/ambulatory-clinical-parameters-and-sleep-respiratory-events-in-a-group-of-obese-children-unselected-for-respiratory-problems
#8
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Angelo Pietrobelli, Cristiano Fava, Giuseppe Lippi, Claudio Maffeis, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti, Sara Bonafini, Angela Tagetti, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea in children is frequently due to tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ambulatory clinical parameters and sleep respiratory events in obese children. METHODS: We carried out a prospective respiratory sleep study between 2013 and 2015. Nails obstruction, tonsils enlargement and palate position were subjectively measured. Italian attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale for parents was also performed...
July 12, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691830/the-effect-of-adenotomy-allergy-and-smoking-on-microbial-colonization-of-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-children
#9
B Uhliarová, G Bugová, M Jeseňák, S Pechacova, M Hamarova, A Hajtman
AIM: To evaluate microbial colonization of upper aerodigestive tract in children and to investigate the influence of adenoid hypertrophy, allergy and exposition to cigarette smoke on presence of pathogens. METHODS: In 43 children with adenoid hypertrophy and 17 healthy children bacterial culture was performed by a swab from middle nasal meatus, nasopharynx and tonsils. The effect of adenotomy, presence of allergy and exposure to passive smoking on bacterial colonization were investigated...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690230/-comparison-between-the-effect-of-endoscopic-assisted-low-temperature-plasma-and-electric-planer-on-the-treatment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-a-meta-analysis
#10
Shaobing Xie, Yanni Zhang, Zhenhang Xu, Jianhui Zhang, Xuewen Wu, Hong Sun
To compare the effect of endoscopic-assisted low temperature plasma (ELTP) and electric planer (EP) on the treatment of adenoid hypertrophy.
 Methods: We searched China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Weipu Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature (CMB), PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database, and collected the randomized controlled studies regarding the effect of ELTP and EP on the treatment of adenoid hypertrophy from January 2007 to June 2016. Methodologies were used to evaluate the included studies, and Meta-analysis was performed by Revman 5...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653270/revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#11
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Kun-Tai Kang
There is a lack of population-level analysis of revision adenoidectomy in children. This study reveals the revision rates and factors associated with paediatric revision adenoidectomy in Taiwan. From the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified all in-hospital children (age <18 years) who underwent adenoidectomy between 2000 and 2007. All children had received at least 5 years of follow-up from the index date, and the clinical records until 2012 were examined. Factors affecting the paediatric revision adenoidectomy were analysed using the multivariable Cox proportional hazards model...
June 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651774/correlation-and-reliability-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-nasopharyngeal-volumetric-and-area-measurements-as-determined-by-commercial-software-against-nasopharyngoscopy-supported-diagnosis-of-adenoid-hypertrophy
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Noura Alsufyani, Michael Major, Sandra Palomino-Gómez, José Roberto Pereira, Carlos Flores-Mir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic correlation and reliability of Dolphin Imaging fully automated segmentation (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, Calif) for assessing adenoid hypertrophy. This was investigated through 3 modes: (1) intraobserver and interobserver agreement of repeated airway auto-segmentation procedures, (2) correlation between auto-segmentation measures of volume and minimal cross-sectional airway against nasopharyngoscopy, and (3) optimum diagnostic cutoff thresholds for volume and minimal cross-sectional airway identified and tested with sensitivity and specificity analyses...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648251/immune-thrombocytopenia-of-childhood-responsive-to-tonsillectomy-in-the-setting-of-chronic-tonsillitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Richard William Thompson, Anil Gungor
OBJECTIVES: Immune thrombocytopenia of childhood (platelet count <100,000/μL) is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in children. Patients typically present with bruising and bleeding in the setting of thrombocytopenia. Although it is usually short-lived, some cases persist and are unresponsive to treatment. This can lead to exposure to a variety of treatment regimens including immunosuppressants and splenectomy. The goal of this report is to present a case of chronic ITP of childhood that responded to tonsillectomy addressing the tonsils as a source of chronic infection and inflammation triggering ITP...
September 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635219/-olfactory-function-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-who-underwent-adenotonsillectomy-during-pre-and-post-operative-period
#14
H G Pan, H Yang, G W Chen, L Li, Z B Wu, J M Wang
Objective: To assess the olfactory function in children with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the changes of both olfactory function and appetite in children with adenoid hypertrophy before and after adenoidectomy. Methods: Forty-four children with adenoid hypertrophy admitted for adenoidectomy, aged 7-12 years, mean age (10.0±2.0) years were tested by Sniffin' Sticks test and visual analog scale(VAS) of the children's appetite preoperatively between March and August 2015.In a appointment 6 months after operation, all of them returned and were tested again...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625122/a-ten-year-review-of-chronic-cor-pulmonale-secondary-to-respiratory-diseases-in-ghana
#15
Collins Oduro-Boatey, Della Adzosii
Chronic cor pulmonale is defined as right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension. Our study reviewed all cases of chronic cor pulmonale secondary to respiratory diseases in a ten-year period (2004-20014) in the Department of Child Health, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Nine cases of chronic cor pulmonale were recorded during the period. The age range was 1-9 years (average age = 3 years). Obstructive sleep apnoea secondary to adenoid hypertrophy was the commonest cause of pulmonary hypertension...
October 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#16
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572918/multi-morbidities-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-european-academy-of-allergy-and-clinical-immunology-task-force-report
#17
REVIEW
C Cingi, P Gevaert, R Mösges, C Rondon, V Hox, M Rudenko, N B Muluk, G Scadding, F Manole, C Hupin, W J Fokkens, C Akdis, C Bachert, P Demoly, J Mullol, A Muraro, N Papadopoulos, R Pawankar, P Rombaux, E Toskala, L Kalogjera, E Prokopakis, P W Hellings, J Bousquet
This report has been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Task Force on Allergic Rhinitis (AR) comorbidities. The aim of this multidisciplinary European consensus document is to highlight the role of multimorbidities in the definition, classification, mechanisms, recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of AR, and to define the needs in this neglected area by a literature review. AR is a systemic allergic disease and is generally associated with numerous multi-morbid disorders, including asthma, eczema, food allergies, eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), conjunctivitis, chronic middle ear effusions, rhinosinusitis, adenoid hypertrophy, olfaction disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, disordered sleep and consequent behavioural and educational effects...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562390/myhre-syndrome-with-novel-findings-bilateral-congenital-cortical-cataract-bilateral-papilledema-accessory-nipple-and-adenoid-hypertrophy
#18
Haktan B Erdem, Ibrahim Sahin, Abdulgani Tatar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489737/clinical-effect-of-montelukast-sodium-combined-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-osas-children
#19
Da-Zhi Yang, Jia Liang, Feng Zhang, Hong-Bing Yao, Yan Shu
This study was designed to investigate the clinical effect of montelukast sodium combined with inhaled corticosteroids in the treatment of children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).One hundred ninety-five children were enrolled and divided into 3 groups: groups A, B, and C; the group A (oral use of montelukast sodium), group B (nasal spray of mometasone furoate), and group C (oral use of montelukast sodium + nasal spray of mometasone furoate). Telephone questionnaire surveys were carried out. Polysomnography monitoring was performed and lateral x-ray radiographs of the cervical spine were taken before treatment and at 12 weeks after treatment...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485292/assessment-and-management-of-retraction-pockets
#20
Cuneyt Alper, Ewa Olszewska
This manuscript intends to review types, pathogenesis, associated risk factors, and potential methods of prevention and treatment of the retraction pockets in adults and children. The importance of retraction pockets (RP) lies in loss of original histological and anatomical structure which is associated with development of ossicular chain erosion, cho¬lesteatoma formation and potentially life threatening complications of cholesteatoma. The trans-mucosal exchange each gas in the middle ear (ME) is towards equalizing its partial pressures with the partial pressure in the environ¬ment...
February 28, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
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