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adenoid hypertrophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#1
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390595/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-a-5-month-old-with-tonsillar-hypertrophy-secondary-to-congenital-neutropenia-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
O G Ahmed, E M Lambert
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) is the primary surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with tonsillar and adenoid hypertrophy (TAH). We present the case of a 5-month old male with congenital neutropenia who developed severe TAH during treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). He had severe OSA, decreased oral intake, and failure to thrive (FTT) which all improved after undergoing a successful intracapsular T&A. We describe a successful procedure to help alleviate symptoms of OSA and FTT in this young infant with congenital neutropenia who developed TAH during treatment with G-CSF...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386646/the-role-of-upper-airway-obstruction-and-snoring-in-the-etiology-of-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#3
Huseyin Bugra Karakas, Muhammet Recai Mazlumoglu, Eda Simsek
This study evaluated the necessity of examining the upper airway in children with nocturnal enuresis. 225 children (aged 5-16 years), who were referred from the urology outpatient clinic between May 2015 and May 2016 and who had completed toilet training, were included in this study. Participants were separated into monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) (group 1) and without MNE (group 2) groups. Tonsil hypertrophy, adenoid vegetation, septal deviation, turbinate hypertrophy, allergic rhinitis, upper airway obstruction, and snoring etiology were assessed...
April 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384895/combined-conventional-and-endoscopic-microdebrider-assisted-adenoidectomy-a-tertiary-centre-experience
#4
Amal T Das, S B Prakash, V Priyadarshini
INTRODUCTION: Adenoidectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in children. Conventional adenoidectomy is associated with incomplete adenoid tissue removal with persistence of symptoms. The advent of rigid nasal endoscopes, cold light source, fiber optics and powered instruments used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery helped in the development of endoscopic microdebrider-assisted adenoidectomy. AIM: To establish the safety and efficacy of combined conventional and endoscopic microdebrider-assisted adenoidectomy procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382124/frequency-of-serous-otitis-media-in-children-without-otolaryngological-symptoms
#5
Murat Kocyigit, Safiye Giran Ortekin, Taliye Cakabay, Guven Ozkaya, Selin Ustun Bezgin, Mustafa Kemal Adali
Introduction Otitis media with effusion is the fluid in the middle ear with no signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Objective This study aims to research the frequency of serous otitis media in patients referred to the pediatric clinic between 3-16 years of age without any active ear, nose, and throat complaints. Methods This study included 589 children patients (280 boys, 309 girls; mean age: 9.42; range 3-16) who were administered to the pediatric clinic without otolaryngologic complaints. Patients underwent examination with flexible nasopharyngoscopy for adenoid hypertrophy...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379334/impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-dentofacial-development-of-obstructed-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Bibi E Becking, Jop P Verweij, Sonja M Kalf-Scholte, Cees Valkenburg, Eric W P Bakker, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
Background: Dentofacial deformities frequently require orthodontic treatment. Understanding of preventable risk factors is essential for reducing treatment need. Upper airway obstruction (for example due to hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils) has been hypothesized to be a risk factor. Objectives: This systematic review aimed to reflect the contemporary evidence on the risk of obstruction by hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils, by assessing the dentofacial changes after adeno- and/or tonsillectomy...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348992/community-level-evaluation-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-on-the-basis-of-symptom-scoring-and-its-x-ray-correlation
#7
Yogita Dixit, Prem Siddharth Tripathi
INTRODUCTION: One of the major causes of pediatric morbidity today at the community level is infection involving the ear, nose, and throat. Maximum of these patients respond well initially on general regular medications, but then recurrent complaints are not very uncommon. One of the major causes for such recurrence is hypertrophy of adenoids, the evaluation of which requires a battery of sophisticated investigative tools and expertise which are lacking at the community level. The aim of the study is to evaluate various symptoms related to adenoid hypertrophy and its correlation to the size of the adenoid seen in the lateral view nasopharyngeal X-ray...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337533/incidence-of-second-surgery-following-pediatric-adenotonsillar-surgery-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Ola Sunnergren, Erik Odhagen, Joacim Stalfors
The aim of the study is to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of a second surgery of the adenoids or tonsils for hypertrophy in children who have already undergone surgery for the same condition. This is a retrospective study (2004-2013) based on data from the National patient registry in Sweden. A total of 41,401 children underwent a first surgery of the adenoids or tonsils during the studied period. The most commonly performed (first) surgical procedure was adenoidectomy followed by adenotonsillotomy, adenotonsillectomy, tonsillotomy, and tonsillectomy...
March 23, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238295/use-of-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#9
REVIEW
E U Sakarya, N Bayar Muluk, E G Sakalar, M Senturk, M Aricigil, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
OBJECTIVES: This review examined the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroids for improving adenotonsillar hypertrophy. METHOD: The related literature was searched using PubMed and Proquest Central databases. RESULTS: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy causes mouth breathing, nasal congestion, hyponasal speech, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea, chronic sinusitis and recurrent otitis media. Adenoidal hypertrophy results in the obstruction of nasal passages and Eustachian tubes, and blocks the clearance of nasal mucus...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231295/the-pathogens-profile-in-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-adenoid-hypertrophy
#10
G P Buzatto, E Tamashiro, J L Proenca-Modena, T H Saturno, M C Prates, T B Gagliardi, L R Carenzi, E T Massuda, M A Hyppolito, F C P Valera, E Arruda, W T Anselmo-Lima
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of viruses and bacteria in middle ear and adenoids of patients with and without otitis media with effusion (OME). METHODS: Adenoid samples and middle ear washes (MEW) were obtained from children with OME associated with adenoid hypertrophy undergoing adenoidectomy and tympanostomy, and compared to those obtained from patients undergoing cochlear implant surgery, as a control group. Specific DNA or RNA of 9 respiratory viruses (rhinovirus, influenza virus, picornavirus, syncytial respiratory virus, metapneumovirus, coronavirus, enterovirus, adenovirus and bocavirus) and 5 bacteria (S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220307/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-children-2%C3%A2-years-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-upper-airway-findings-and-treatment-outcomes
#11
A Boudewyns, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
Few data are available about the pattern of upper airway (UA) obstruction in children <2 years with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Also, the role of adenoidectomy versus adenotonsillectomy (AT) is poorly defined in this age group. We performed drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in young OSAS children to investigate the pattern of UA obstruction and the value of DISE in therapeutic decision making. Retrospective analysis of ≤2-year-old children undergoing DISE-directed UA surgery. OSAS severity and the treatment outcomes were documented by polysomnography...
February 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114214/craniofacial-deviations-in-the-children-with-nasal-obstruction
#12
Ayca Ant, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloglu, Metin Yilmaz, Alper Dilci
Nasal obstruction mainly caused by adenoid hypertrophy in children affects the craniofacial growth and development process, and the craniofacial deviations and/or differences reported in the children are very similar to those in the adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The authors aimed to look for relationships of the linear craniofacial dimensions in the children suffering from nasal obstruction with age, degree of clinical nasal obstruction score (CNOS), and relative size of the adenoid mass within the nasopharynx in their study...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098165/combination-of-mometasone-furoate-and-oxymetazoline-for-the-treatment-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-concomitant-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Wenlong Liu, Lifeng Zhou, Qingxiang Zeng, Renzhong Luo
In the clinic, approximately 30% of children with adenoid hypertrophy (AH) concomitant with allergic rhinitis (AR) report poor responses to intranasal steroids. To determine whether the combination of mometasone furoate (MF) and oxymetazoline (OXY) is more effective than either agent alone, we performed a two-stage, parallel, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, clinical trial with 240 AH children with concomitant perennial AR. During the first stage, all children were randomly assigned to the MF or control group for six weeks of treatment...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060556/the-frequency-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-asthma-and-its-effects-on-asthma-control
#14
Tayfur Ginis, Fatih Alper Akcan, Murat Capanoglu, Muge Toyran, Refika Ersu, Can Naci Kocabas, Ersoy Civelek
BACKGROUND: The presence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with asthma may cause difficult to control asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SDB in children with asthma, to evaluate its effects on asthma control and to assess the risk factors associated with the presence of SDB. METHODS: Parents of children who Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT). Asthma control level was assessed according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)...
May 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042527/pediatric-rhinosinusitis
#15
Dana T Badr, Jonathan M Gaffin, Wanda Phipatanakul
Rhinosinusitis, is defined as an inflammation of the paranasal and nasal sinus mucosae. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)is a common problem in the pediatric age group and the diagnosis and treatment are challenging due to the chronicity and similarity of symptoms with allergic rhinitis and adenoid hypertrophy. Although it is less common than acute rhinosinusitis, CRS is becoming more frequent and significantly affects the quality of life in children and can substantially impair daily function. CRS is characterized by sinus symptoms lasting more than 3 months despite medical therapy...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025608/specified-data-for-tonsil-surgery-in-germany
#16
Jochen P Windfuhr
Background: Tonsillectomy rates vary considerably among different states, regions, and times. This study was conducted to identify the prevalence of "chronic" tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess, hypertrophy of the tonsils with and without adenoids in absolute and relative numbers in an 80 million people nation. Moreover, the number and rates of different surgical procedures to resolve either "chronic" tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess, or upper airway obstruction due to (adeno)tonsillar hypertrophy over several years was evaluated in this study (tonsillectomy, adenotonsillectomy, tonsillotomy, abscess tonsillectomy, transoral incision and drainage)...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012518/the-impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-in-west-african-children-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#17
Foster T Orji, Fortune A Ujunwa, Nnaemeka G Umedum, Onyinyechi Ukaegbe
OBJECTIVES: To assess the improvement or otherwise, in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) among children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) after adenotonsillectomy (AT), and to examine the impact of timing of surgery as well as the patients' characteristics on the mPAP changes. METHODS: We included 39 children with ATH in this study. The adenoidal enlargement was evaluated radiologically with adenoid nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR) parameter from lateral neck radiograph, whereas the clinical assessment of adeno-tonsillar obstruction was conducted with the 'symptom score'...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987514/-effects-of-breast-feeding-duration-bottle-feeding-duration-and-oral-habits-on-the-occlusal-characteristics-of-primary-dentition
#18
X X Chen, B Xia, L H Ge, J W Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of breast-feeding duration, bottle-feeding duration and oral habits on the occlusal characteristics of primary dentition in 3-6-year-old children in Beijing. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted via an examination of the occlusal characteristics of 734 children combined with a questionnaire completed by their parents/guardians. The examination was performed by a single, previously calibrated examiner and the following variables were evaluated: presence or absence of deep overbite, open bite, anterior cross bite, posterior cross bite, deep overjet, terminal plane relationship of the second primary molar, primary canine relationship, crowding and spacing...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984431/assessment-of-the-factors-that-affect-the-anatomic-and-functional-success-of-cartilage-tympanoplasty-in-children
#19
Mahmut Sinan Yilmaz, Ahmet Kara, Mehmet Guven, Deniz Demir, Unal Erkorkmaz
OBJECTIVES: Many factors may influence the surgical outcome of tympanoplasty in children, including age, the size and location of perforation, otorrhea, status of contralateral ear, surgical technique, and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric cartilage tympanoplasty and to assess the factors that affect the success of tympanoplasty in children. METHODS: Children with chronic otitis media who underwent tympanoplasty using cartilage as graft material were evaluated retrospectively...
March 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977034/factors-predictive-of-success-in-probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#20
João Beato, Ágata Mota, Nuno Gonçalves, Renato Santos-Silva, Augusto Magalhães, Jorge Breda, Fernando Falcão-Reis
PURPOSE: To report the success rate of children undergoing probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and the factors relating to the failure of the procedure. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 88 eyes of 62 patients, aged 1 to 138 months, who underwent probing between January 2008 and December 2014 in the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Centro Hospitalar São João. The procedure was performed in the operating room under general anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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