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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621041/transvaginal-trigger-point-injections-improve-pain-scores-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-hypertonicity-and-pelvic-pain-conditions
#1
Jamie Bartley, Esther Han, Priyanka Gupta, Natalie Gaines, Kim A Killinger, Judith A Boura, Morgan Farrah, Jason Gilleran, Larry T Sirls, Kenneth M Peters
OBJECTIVES: Chronic pelvic pain in women often requires multimodal treatment regimens. We describe our method of transvaginal trigger point injections (TPIs) and report outcomes using change in pain scores. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of women treated with in-office pelvic floor muscle injections from January 2012 to August 2015. Lidocaine 1% and 2%, bupivacaine 0.5%, or ropivacaine 0.5% with or without the addition of triamcinolone 40 mg was used for the injections...
April 4, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620569/neutrophils-a-therapeutic-target-of-local-anesthetics
#2
Benjamin Ethan Steinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526581/-the-dimethyl-sulfoxide-under-general-anesthesia-an-alternative-after-failure-without-anesthesia-in-the-painful-bladder-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#3
M Gaullier, T Tricard, P Mouracade, C Saussine
INTRODUCTION: The intravesical instillation of dimethyl sulfoxide (iDMSO), performed without anesthestic, is a therapeutic option for the painful bladder syndrome/interstial cystitis (PBS/IC). Some patients are against those iDMSO because of bad tolerance. Our study evaluates the tolerance and the outcome of the iDMSO under general anesthetic (GA) after the failure of the iDMSO without anesthetic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2013 to April 2016, 11 patients with a PBS, 9 women (81...
March 8, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284879/a-comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-clonidine-in-attenuating-the-hemodynamic-responses-at-various-surgical-stages-in-patients-undergoing-elective-transnasal-transsphenoidal-resection-of-pituitary-tumors
#4
Summaira Jan, Zulfiqar Ali, Yasir Nisar, Imtiaz Ahmad Naqash, Syed Amer Zahoor, Shabir Ahmad Langoo, Khan Azhar
Background: Transsphenoidal approach to pituitary tumors is a commonly performed procedure with the advantage of a rapid midline access to the sella with minimal complications. It may be associated with wide fluctuations in hemodynamic parameters due to intense noxious stimulus at various stages of the surgery. As duration of the surgery is short and the patients have nasal packs, it is prudent to use an anesthestic technique with an early predictable recovery. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients of either sex between 18 and 65 years of age, belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II who were undergoing elective transnasal transsphenoidal pituitary surgery were chosen for this study...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212205/jnk-inhibitor-alleviates-apoptosis-of-fetal-neural-stem-cells-induced-by-emulsified-isoflurane
#5
Lei Zhou, Zeyong Yang, Xianfu Lu, Xingxing Li, Xiaohu An, Jing Chai, Qiling Yang, Shikai Yan, Yuanhai Li
Isoflurane can provide both neuroprotection and neurotoxicity in various culture models and in rodent developing brains. Emulsified Isoflurane (EI) is an emulsion formulation of isoflurane, while its underlying molecular mechanism of developemental nerve toxicity largely remains unclear. We hypothesized that EI induced fetal neural stem cells (FNSCs) apoptosis, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. FNSCs were isolated from the cortex of SD rats during 14 days of gestation...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375475/consistency-and-effect-of-body-position-change-on-measurement-of-upper-and-lower-esophageal-sphincter-geometry-using-impedance-planimetry-in-a-canine-model
#6
K A Pitt, P D Mayhew, L Barter, R Pollard, P H Kass, S L Marks
The EndoFLIP (Endolumenal Functional Lumen Imaging Probe, Crospon Inc, Galway, Ireland) device uses the technique of impedance planimetry to evaluate dimensions and distensibility of the upper and lower esophageal sphincter. The null hypotheses for this study were that EndoFLIP variables would be stable between anesthestic episodes and would not be affected by body position when evaluating the upper and lower esophageal sphincters in healthy dogs. During each of three consecutive general anesthesia episodes administered to eight healthy adult research colony dogs with a standardized protocol, the EndoFLIP catheter was positioned to measure cross-sectional area, intrabag pressure, upper and lower esophageal sphincter length at two different balloon fill volumes (30 and 40 mL) and two body positions (lateral and dorsal recumbency)...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301889/geburtshilfe-an%C3%A3-sthesie-bei-exit-prozedur
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Torossian
The ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is performed as a part of an extended caesarean section for example to treat fetal airway disorders. For treatment, optimal uterine relaxation is necessary, however utero-placental supply of the fetus has to be guaranteed as well. "Balanced" anesthesia, tocolysis and tight maternal arterial blood pressure control are recommended. Standard fetal monitoring comprises pulse oxymetry and echocardiography. The article describes the physiology and anesthestic goals of the EXIT procedure, discusses alternative anesthesia techniques and gives an outlook on emerging progress...
March 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281491/status-epilepticus-refractory-and-super-refractory
#8
REVIEW
Deepanshu Dubey, Jayantee Kalita, Usha K Misra
Status epilepticus (SE) is an important neurological emergency. It is defined as seizures lasting for 5 minutes or more or recurrent seizures without recovery of consciousness to baseline between the attacks. Refractory SE (RSE) is defined as SE persisting despite sufficient dose of benzodiazepines and at least one antiepileptic drug (AED), irrespective of time. Super refractory SE (SRSE) is defined as SE that continues for 24 hours or more after the use of anesthetic therapy, including cases that recur on weaning of the anesthestic agent...
2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916727/posttraumatic-administration-of-a-sub-anesthetic-dose-of-ketamine-exerts-neuroprotection-via-attenuating-inflammation-and-autophagy
#9
C-Q Wang, Y Ye, F Chen, W-C Han, J-M Sun, X Lu, R Guo, K Cao, M-J Zheng, L-C Liao
As a complex disease, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in long-term psychiatric changes and sensorimotor and cognitive impairments. The TBI-induced loss of memory and long-term cognitive dysfunction are related to mechanistic factors including an increased inflammatory response, autophagy, edema, and ischemia. Many published studies have offered evidence for the neuroprotective effects and anti-inflammatory properties of ketamine for TBI patients. Nonetheless, there is a limited understanding of the accurate mechanism that underlies the potential neuroprotective effects of ketamine...
February 20, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829366/anesthestic-management-of-kassabach-meritt-phenomenon-in-an-adult-case-report
#10
Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Mehdi Samali, Noureddine Kartite, Mohammed Tbouda, Mustapha Bensghir, Charki Haimeur
BACKGROUND: Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP) is characterized by a vascular tumor with profound thrombocytopenia and consumptive coagulopathy that may presents significant challenges for anesthesiologist. CASE PRESENTATION: An 87-year-old man presented with kaposiform hemangioendothelioma involving the right leg in critical condition due to massive bleeding. Hematology investigations indicated the presence of KMP. Association of this type of tumor with KMP in adults has never been reported...
November 9, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785093/local-anesthesia-for-pain-control-during-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Pu Yan, Xiao-Yan Wang, Wei Huang, Yong Zhang
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intrarectal local anesthestic (IRLA), periprostatic nerve block (PPNB), and the combined modalities in alleviating the pain during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed to identify all published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IRLA vs no anesthesia or placebo gel; PPNB vs no injection, periprostatic placebo injection, or IRLA; combined PPNB and IRLA vs PPNB alone; and combined PPNB and intraprostatic nerve block (IPNB) vs PPNB alone before TRUS-guided biopsy...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607405/a-case-report-of-the-anesthetic-management-for-liver-retransplantation-in-a-patient-with-a-bronchobiliary-fistula
#12
Adrienne Carr, Nelson Gonzalez, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Ramiro Arellano
A 64-year-old woman with a previous liver transplant developed graft failure with biliary complications including a bronchobiliary fistula, which did not respond to preoperative conservative therapy. Liver retransplantation provided definitive therapy for the liver failure and bronchobiliary fistula. We present anesthestic considerations for the intraoperative management of a liver retransplant with one-lung ventilation.
November 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535492/intraoperative-management-and-early-postoperative-outcomes-of-pediatric-renal-transplants
#13
Katherine Taylor, Wooheon Thomas Kim, Malak Maharramova, Victor Figueroa, Smruthi Ramesh, Armando Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Smaller children are presenting for renal transplantation as the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Adult donor organs are more successful than pediatric deceased donor organs. An adult kidney may sequester ~75% of the circulating volume of a 5 year-old child and requires significantly increased cardiac output to maintain renal perfusion. Treatment includes volume, inotropic or vasopressor agents, or central neuroaxial blockade for sympatholysis. We describe the perioperative anesthestic management as a guide to clinical outcomes...
October 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479259/-emergence-delirium-in-children-prophylaxis-and-treatment
#14
Julius Z Wermelt, Richard K Ellerkmann
Emergence Delirium in children after general anesthesia is a common and self limitating event. Although it might be seen as being harmless it can cause other serious complications and might leave both parents and other caregivers with a negative impression behind. Although the cause may still not be clear, potential predictors can be named: preschool age, the use of fast acting volatile anesthestics, higher preoperative anxiety levels and postoperative pain.A child-focused approach to reduce preoperative anxiety focusing on distraction methods rather than pharmacological sedation may be the key as well as sufficient postoperative pain control and the use of total intravenous anesthesia...
July 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468022/epinephrine-or-gv-26-electrical-stimulation-reduces-inhalant-anesthestic-recovery-time-in-common-snapping-turtles-chelydra-serpentina
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alexandra Goe, Justin Shmalberg, Bonnie Gatson, Pia Bartolini, Jeff Curtiss, James F X Wellehan
Prolonged anesthetic recovery times are a common clinical problem in reptiles following inhalant anesthesia. Diving reptiles have numerous adaptations that allow them to submerge and remain apneic for extended periods. An ability to shunt blood away from pulmonary circulation, possibly due to changes in adrenergic tone, may contribute to their unpredictable inhalant anesthetic recovery times. Therefore, the use of epinephrine could antagonize this response and reduce recovery time. GV-26, an acupuncture point with reported β-adrenergic and respiratory effects, has reduced anesthetic recovery times in other species...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017765/-anesthetic-management-of-simultaneous-right-lobectomy-and-esophagectomy-with-a-double-lumen-tracheal-tube-and-bronchial-blocker
#16
Takanobu Fujisawa, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Yu Miyazaki, Yusuke Kusaka, Fumihiro Ohchi, Toshiaki Minami
Anesthestic management with prolonged one-lung ventilation is difficult, especially when the patient continues smoking habit. Here, we report a successful one-lung ventilation and protection with combined use of double-lumen endotracheal tube and bronchial blocker. A 68-year-old man (height 153 cm; weight, 45 kg) was scheduled for simultaneous surgery of right lobectomy and esophagectomy. He kept smoking to the operation day. To protect the ventilated lung, we guided the bronchial lumen of the DLT to the left bronchus under fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) guide and inflated the bronchial cuff...
February 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736063/significant-effects-of-sex-strain-and-anesthesia-in-the-intrahippocampal-kainate-mouse-model-of-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#17
Friederike Twele, Kathrin Töllner, Claudia Brandt, Wolfgang Löscher
The intrahippocampal kainate mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is increasingly being used for studies on epileptogenesis and antiepileptogenesis. Almost all previous studies used male mice for this purpose, and no study is available in this or other models of acquired epilepsy that directly compared epileptogenesis in female and male rodents. Epidemiological studies suggest that gender may affect susceptibility to epilepsy and its prognosis; therefore, one goal of this study was to investigate whether sex has an influence on latent period and epileptogenesis in the intrahippocampal kainate model in mice...
February 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412993/impact-of-anesthetic-predictors-on-postpartum-hospital-length-of-stay-and-adverse-events-following-cesarean-delivery-a-retrospective-study-in-840-consecutive-parturients
#18
Ting Ting Oh, Colleen G Martel, Allison G Clark, Melissa B Russo, Bobby D Nossaman
BACKGROUND: Cesarean deliveries are increasing, and associated postoperative adverse events are extending hospitalizations. The aims of the present study were to analyze the role of anesthestic predictors during cesarean delivery on the incidences of extended postpartum hospital length of stay (>4 postoperative days) and adverse events. METHODS: The medical records of 840 consecutive patients who underwent cesarean delivery during a 1-year period were abstracted...
2015: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885247/anesthestic-management-of-a-newborn-for-pedunculated-teratoma-of-oral-cavity
#19
Sandeep Kumar Mishra, J Kavitha, S Kumaravel, K Kumar Lalatendu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2010: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25795441/repeated-ketamine-administration-redeems-the-time-lag-for-citalopram-s-antidepressant-like-effects
#20
G-F Zhang, W-X Liu, L-L Qiu, J Guo, X-M Wang, H-L Sun, J-J Yang, Z-Q Zhou
Current available antidepressants exhibit low remission rate with a long response lag time. Growing evidence has demonstrated acute sub-anesthetic dose of ketamine exerts rapid, robust, and lasting antidepressant effects. However, a long term use of ketamine tends to elicit its adverse reactions. The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of intermittent and consecutive administrations of ketamine on chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rats, and to determine whether ketamine can redeem the time lag for treatment response of classic antidepressants...
June 2015: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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