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Wnt and Cervical Cancer

Alireza Milani, Marzieh Basirnejad, Sepideh Shahbazi, Azam Bolhassani
Carotenoids and retinoids have several similarities in biological activities such as antioxidant properties, the inhibition of malignant tumor growth, and the induction of apoptosis. Supplementation with carotenoids can influence cell growth regulation, and modulate gene expression and immune response. Epidemiologic studies have shown the correlation of high carotenoid intake from food sources with reduced risk of breast, cervical, ovarian, colorectal cancers, and cardiovascular or eye diseases. Cancer chemoprevention by dietary carotenoids involves some approaches including gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), growth factor signaling, cell cycle progression, differentiation-related proteins, retinoid-like receptors, antioxidant response element, nuclear receptors, AP-1 transcriptional complex, Wnt/β-Catenin pathway, and inflammatory cytokines...
September 16, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Annapurna Pranatharthi, Cecil Ross, Sweta Srivastava
Radiation is the most potent mode of cancer therapy; however, resistance to radiation therapy results in tumor relapse and subsequent fatality. The cancer stem cell (CSC), which has better DNA repair capability, has been shown to contribute to tumor resistance and is an important target for treatment. Signaling molecules such as Notch, Wnt, and DNA repair pathways regulate molecular mechanisms in CSCs; however, none of them have been translated into therapeutic targets. The RhoGTPases and their effector ROCK-signaling pathway, though important for tumor progression, have not been well studied in the context of radioresistance...
2016: Stem Cells International
Louise Bohr Mordhorst, Cecilia Ahlin, Bengt Sorbe
Wnt signaling proteins were assessed in patients with primary cervical carcinomas who received chemoradiation. The associations between three Wnt signaling proteins and prognosis were assessed. Specimens from 122 patients with cervical carcinomas (FIGO stage I-IV) were immunohistochemically (IHC) analyzed for β-catenin, APC and axin protein expression. Associations between these Wnt-protein expressions, clinicopathological factors, and clinical outcome data were examined.Positive IHC staining for the β-catenin protein (cell-membranes, cytoplasm and nuclei) was recorded in 88%, 58% and 5%, respectively...
August 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Ting Lu, Zhen Bao, Yunfeng Wang, Lixiang Yang, Bing Lu, Ke Yan, Shaozhen Wang, He Wei, Zhe Zhang, Gang Cui
Karyopherinβ1 (KPNB1), one of the cytosolic factors involved in the selective protein transport across nucleus, docked at nuclear pore complex and transported through nuclear envelope in an ATP-dependent style, assisting proteins to be recognized as import substrates. It has been reported to be bound up with the origination and progress of lung cancer, cervical cancer, head and neck cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. In current study, we demonstrated for the first time that the role of KPNB1 in human glioma...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jun Liang, Lizhong Liang, Kexiong Ouyang, Zhiqiang Li, Xianping Yi
BACKGROUND: MALAT1 is recognized as an oncogenic lncRNA in various malignancies. However, its expression and function in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma are still unknown. This study aims to investigate the expression and function of MALAT1 in TSCC tissues and cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: qPCR was performed to detect the expression of MALAT1. MALAT1 was suppressed and upregulated by plasmid transfection in TSCC cells, and then cell migration, invasion, EMT, and apoptosis were analyzed...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Archita Ghoshal, Siddhartha Sankar Ghosh
The Wnt signaling pathway plays a predominant role in aberrant proliferation in myriad of cancers. In non-cancerous cells, Wnts are blocked by the secreted frizzled-related proteins (sFRPs) that are generally downregulated in cancer cells. We have purified and characterized bacterially expressed glutathione S-transferase-tagged SFRP4 from a novel clone generated from human cell origin. Cervical cancer (HeLa) and lung cancer (A549) cells, in which Wnt and associated genes were found to be expressed, were treated with the purified recombinant sFRP4, which revealed a significant dose-dependent cell growth inhibition up to 40 %...
July 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Maria Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Sang Wun Kim, Sun-Ae Park, Kyung-Hee Chun, Nam Hoon Cho, Yong Sang Song, Young Tae Kim
Evidence suggests that the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), HOTAIR, is involved in cervical cancer pathogenesis. We examined serum HOTAIR expression levels in cervical cancer patients and determined the relationships between HOTAIR expression and several clinicopathological factors, including survival. We also examined the functional consequences of HOTAIR overexpression both in vitro and in vivo. Compared with control patients, HOTAIR expression was significantly greater in the serum of cervical cancer patients (P < 0...
June 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Xuan Wang, Ying Xia
microRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in tumor development and progression. In this study, we aimed to determine the expression and biological roles of miR-328 in cervical cancer and identify its direct target gene. Our data showed that miR-328 was significantly downregulated in human cervical cancer tissues and cells. Re-expression of miR-328 inhibited cervical cancer cell proliferation and colony formation in vitro and suppressed the growth of xenograft tumors in vivo. Bioinformatic analysis predicted TCF7L2 (an essential effector of canonical Wnt signaling) as a target gene of miR-328, which was confirmed by luciferase reporter assays...
June 24, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qian Chen, Peng-Sheng Zheng, Wen-Ting Yang
Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a catalytic core component of the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), stimulates the silencing of target genes through histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3). Recent findings have indicated EZH2 is involved in the development and progression of various human cancers. However, the exact mechanism of EZH2 in the promotion of cervical cancer is largely unknown. Here, we show that EZH2 expression gradually increases during the progression of cervical cancer. We identified a significant positive correlation between EZH2 expression and cell proliferation in vitro and tumor formation in vivo by the up-regulation or down-regulation of EZH2 using CRISPR-Cas9-mediated gene editing technology and shRNA in HeLa and SiHa cells...
April 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Rui Xu, Jingye Hu, Tiansong Zhang, Chao Jiang, Hui-Yun Wang
Dysregulation of TRIM29 has been reported to be involved in tumorigenesis, but the role of TRIM29 in cervical cancer is unclear. In this study, we first examined TRIM29 expression and found that TRIM29 mRNA and protein expression was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues when compared with the matched adjacent cervical tissues. We further detected TRIM29 protein with immunohistochemistry in 150 paraffin-embedded samples from early-stage cervical cancer patients. The results showed that high expression of TRIM29 was significantly associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis (p=0...
May 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Zheng Li, Yang Yang, Yang Gao, Xiaoliu Wu, Xielan Yang, Yingjie Zhu, Hongying Yang, Lin Wu, Chengang Yang, Libing Song
Accumulating evidence has revealed that the expression of the lipid raft protein flotillin-1 is elevated in various human cancers, but the role flotillin-1 plays in the carcinogenesis of cervical cancer remains unclear. The expression profile of flotillin-1 was assayed using real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in cervical cancer cell lines and cancer tissues with paired adjacent noncancerous cervical tissues. The expression of flotillin-1 protein was detected by IHC staining in a large cohort of 308 paraffin-embedded cervical cancer tissues...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Nan Cui, Wen-Ting Yang, Peng-Sheng Zheng
Slug (Snai2) has been demonstrated to act as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in different human cancers, but the function of Slug in cervical cancer remains poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that Slug could suppress the proliferation of cervical cancer cells in vitro and tumor formation in vivo. Further experiments found that Slug could trans-suppress the expression of Akt1/p-Akt1 by binding to E-box motifs in the promoter of the Akt1 gene and then inhibit the cell proliferation and tumor formation of cervical cancer cells by up-regulating p21/p27 and/or down-regulating the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway...
May 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Heng Wei, Ning Wang, Yao Zhang, Shizhuo Wang, Xiaoao Pang, Shulan Zhang
Wnt-11 is a positive regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway, which plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. However, Wnt-11 expression in cervical cancer has not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Wnt-11 in cervical tumor proliferation and invasion. This study examined 24 normal cervical squamous epithelia, 29 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and 78 cervical cancer samples. The expression of Wnt-11 was investigated by immunohistochemistry and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis...
March 31, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Tao Wang, Zi Liu, Fan Shi, Jiquan Wang
The prolyl isomerase Pin1, which is frequently highly expressed in many different cancers, can directly regulate cell proliferation and the cell cycle. However, the role of Pin1 in chemo-resistance remains to be elucidated in cervical cancer. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of Pin1 in the chemo-resistance of cervical cancer. The cisplatin resistance was assessed using the MTT assay. Pin1, FoxM1, β-catenin, Cyclin D1, and c-myc expression levels were detected by RT-qPCR or Western blot...
February 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yunping Pan, Xu Guo, Zheng Yang, Shan Chen, Yiyan Lei, Millicent Lin, Liantang Wang, Chongjin Feng, Zunfu Ke
Despite advances in therapy, survival among patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of tongue (TSCC) and cervical lymph node metastasis remains dismal. Here, we estimated the functional effect of AEG-1 on TSCC metastasis and explored the molecular mechanism by which AEG-1 stimulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We initially found that AEG-1 mRNA levels were much higher in metastatic TSCC than in non-metastatic TSCC and that AEG-1 expression strongly correlates with EMT status. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the combined AEG-1 and EMT statuses are predictive of the survival rate among TSCC patients...
January 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Cuiling Ma, Chenglong Zeng, Liang Jin, Yang Yang, Pengfei Li, Liangfeng Chen, Jian Wang
Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent and fatal cancers among women and infection of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most important risk factor. This study investigated how HPV16 regulated GSK3β expression and function to promote cervical cancers. The expression of GSK3β was analyzed by quantitative PCR and western blot. The proliferation, invasion, and clonogenic survival of cells with different E6/E7 levels were measured by MTT, transwell invasion assays, and soft agar colony-forming assays, respectively...
2015: Scientific Reports
Moisés Ramos-Solano, Monserrat Álvarez-Zavala, Beatriz García-Castro, Luis Felipe Jave-Suárez, Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy
Cervical cancer (CC) is a pathology that arises in the cervical epithelium, whose major cause of risk is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Due to the fact that HPV infection per se is not enough to generate a carcinogenic process, it has been proposed that alterations in the Wnt signaling pathway are involved in cervical carcinogenesis. The Wnt family consists of 13 receptors and 19 ligands, and it is highly conserved phylogenetically due to its contribution in different biological processes, such as embryogenesis and tissue regeneration...
2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Fenfen Wang, Baohua Li, Xing Xie
Cervical carcinogenesis induced by persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection represents a stepwise progression from precursors to invasive cervical cancer. Accumulated evidence has shown aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cervical cancer tissues and cells. Further studies reveal that miRNAs play key roles in the initiation and progression of cervical cancer, via specific signaling pathways, including E6-p53, E7-pRb, phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-Akt, Notch, Wnt/β-catenin, and Hedgehog pathways...
February 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Jesus Omar Muñoz Bello, Leslie Olmedo Nieva, Adriana Contreras Paredes, Alma Mariana Fuentes Gonzalez, Leticia Rocha Zavaleta, Marcela Lizano
Cell signaling pathways are the mechanisms by which cells transduce external stimuli, which control the transcription of genes, to regulate diverse biological effects. In cancer, distinct signaling pathways, such as the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, have been implicated in the deregulation of critical molecular processes that affect cell proliferation and differentiation. For example, changes in β-catenin localization have been identified in Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers as the lesion progresses. Specifically, β-catenin relocates from the membrane/cytoplasm to the nucleus, suggesting that this transcription regulator participates in cervical carcinogenesis...
August 2015: Viruses
De-Qing Liu, Fang-Fang Li, Jiang-Bo Zhang, Tie-Jun Zhou, Wen-Qiong Xue, Xiao-Hui Zheng, Yuan-Bin Chen, Xiao-Yu Liao, Lan Zhang, Shao-Dan Zhang, Ye-Zhu Hu, Wei-Hua Jia
Aberrant expression of receptor interacting protein kinase 4 (RIPK4), a crucial regulatory protein of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, has recently been reported to be involved in several cancers. Here, we report the potential clinical implication and biological functions of RIPK4 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). One hundred and ninety-eight CSCC cases, 109 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs), 141 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) and 63 chronic cervicitis were collected...
2015: Scientific Reports
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