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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792302/blood-pressure-patterns-and-subsequent-coronary-artery-calcification-in-women-who-delivered-preterm-births
#1
Janet M Catov, Gabrielle G Snyder, Abigail Fraser, Cora E Lewis, Kiang Liu, Andrew D Althouse, Marnie Bertolet, Erica P Gunderson
Women who delivered preterm infants have excess cardiovascular disease, but vascular pathways linking these conditions are not understood. We considered that higher blood pressure over 25 years among women with preterm delivery may be associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). The CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) enrolled 1049 black and white women with births between 1985 and 2010 (n=272 ever preterm [<37 weeks]; n=777 all term births [≥37 weeks]). Latent mixture modeling identified blood pressure trajectories across 20 years, and these were related to CAC at years 20 and 25...
May 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791953/past-and-present-a-review-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-and-recommendations-for-late-preterm-birth-steroids
#3
C Luke Dixon, Gloria Too, George R Saade, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
Since 1972, the beneficial neonatal effects of antenatal corticosteroids (ACSs) have been repeatedly demonstrated in pregnancies at risk of preterm birth before 34 weeks' gestation. While ACS utilization before 34 weeks has been high since the 1990s, knowledge gaps regarding the risks and benefits of ACS continue to exist. Recent evidence has been published regarding the benefit of ACS in the late preterm period. This review addresses the evidence and knowledge gaps for ACS use before and after 34 weeks' gestation...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791833/maternal-and-postnatal-high-fat-diets-with-high-6-3-ratios-affect-the-reproductive-performance-of-male-offspring-in-the-mouse
#4
S Bianconi, G Stutz, M R Solís, A C Martini, L M Vincenti, M F Ponzio, E Luque, C Avendaño, P Quiroga, M E Santillán
High-fat diets (HFDs) are an acknowledged risk factor for male subfertility, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study we compared the effects of two HFDs with different ω6:ω3 ratios, one enriched with soy oil (SOD; ω6:ω3=9.62) and another enriched with sunflower oil (SFOD; ω6:ω3=51.55), with those of a commercial diet (CD; ω6:ω3=19.87), supplied from pregnancy to adulthood, on morphometric parameters and reproductive performance in adult male mice (recommended ω6:ω3 for rodents=1-6)...
May 24, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790990/women-s-mental-health-in-the-perinatal-period-according-to-migrant-status-the-french-representative-elfe-birth-cohort
#5
Fabienne El-Khoury, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Marie-Aline Charles, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Maria Melchior
Background: Mental health problems in the perinatal period are common. We examined associations between different categories of migrant status and region of origin in relation to mental health during pregnancy and at 2 months post-partum. Methods: We analyzed data from the French nationally representative Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance birth cohort (n = 17 988). Migrant status was divided into five categories: 'majority population', 'descendants with one migrant parent', 'descendants with two migrant parents', 'naturalized migrant' and 'non-naturalized migrant women'...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790815/maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-children-s-adhd-diagnosis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#6
Lauren Okano, Yuelong Ji, Anne W Riley, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of mothers' psychosocial stressors before and during pregnancy with their children's diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study included 2140 mother-child pairs who had at least one postnatal pediatric visit at the Boston Medical Center between 2003 and 2015. Child ADHD was determined via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes documented in electronic medical records...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789442/ovine-prenatal-growth-restriction-impacts-glucose-metabolism-and-body-composition-throughout-life-in-both-sexes
#7
Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, Graham W Horgan, Clare L Adam
Low birthweight is a risk factor for later adverse health. Here the impact of placentally-mediated prenatal growth-restriction followed by postnatal nutrient abundance on growth, glucose metabolism and body composition was assessed in both sexes at key stages from birth to mid-adult life. Singleton-bearing adolescent dams were fed control or high nutrient intakes to induce normal or growth-restricted pregnancies, respectively. Restricted lambs had ~40% reduced birthweight. Fractional growth rates were higher in restricted lambs of both sexes predominantly during suckling/juvenile phases...
May 22, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788477/the-relationship-between-sociodemographic-factors-and-reporting-having-terminated-a-pregnancy-among-ghanaian-women-a-population-based-study
#8
Emmanuel Dankwah, Megan Steeves, Dana Ramsay, Cindy Feng, Marwa Farag
Background: Pregnancy termination is an illegal medical procedure in Ghana and 88% of induced abortions are performed in unsafe conditions, thus recipients face an elevated risk of abortion-related complications. This study aims to explore the associations between sociodemographic factors and reporting having terminated a pregnancy among Ghanaian women. Methods: Logistic regression models were estimated using data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (n=9396)...
May 19, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787560/neutrophils-to-lymphocytes-ratio-and-platelets-to-lymphocytes-ratio-in-pregnancy-a-population-study
#9
Anat Hershko Klement, Efrat Hadi, Aula Asali, Tal Shavit, Amir Wiser, Einat Haikin, Yael Barkan, Tal Biron-Shental, Alona Zer, Yifat Gadot
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) and platelets to lymphocytes ratio (PLR) are both inflammatory ratios that can be easily calculated from a simple blood count. They are frequently reported and tested as prognostic factors in several medical disciplines. Pregnancy involves special reference values for laboratory assays. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define pregnancy-related reference values for NLR and PLR according to trimester, background morbidity and according to the patient's age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786583/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-spina-bifida-in-children
#10
Mariana O Ryznychuk, Mariana I Kryvchanska, Irina V Lastivka, Roman Ye Bulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The pathogenesis of spina bifida depends on time, region, race and ethnicity. It is found in 4.7 per 10.000 of live born children worldwide. The aim: The incidence in children of Northern Bukovina was analyzed. The spina bifida incidence for 2007-2016 in this region, as well as, compared to some countries according to EUROCAT data was studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A retrospective study to analyze the risk factors for spina bifida was carried out...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786509/-targeted-screening-for-pre-eclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-at-toulouse-university-hospital
#11
A Genoux, P Guerby, M Morin, B Perret, C Vayssière, S M Hamdi
GOALS: Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Early treatment by aspirin has been shown to significantly reduce PE risk before 37weeks supporting the implementation of first-trimester screening. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A targeted screening was recently implemented at Toulouse University Hospital for women in their first pregnancy or those with personal or familial history of PE. It uses Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm that combines maternal characteristics, clinical, biophysical and biochemical (PAPP-A, Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A, and PlGF, Placental Growth Factor) data...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786159/gestational-dyslipidaemia-and-adverse-birthweight-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
J Wang, D Moore, A Subramanian, K K Cheng, K A Toulis, X Qiu, P Saravanan, M J Price, K Nirantharakumar
BACKGROUND: Low and high birthweight is known to increase the risk of acute and longer-term adverse outcomes, such as stillbirth, infant mortality, obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Gestational dyslipidaemia is associated with a numbers of adverse birth outcomes, but evidence regarding birthweight is still inconsistent to reliably inform clinical practice and treatment recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between maternal gestational dyslipidaemia and neonatal health outcomes, namely, birthweight, metabolic factors and inflammatory parameters...
May 21, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786155/is-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-consistent-with-clinic-recordings
#13
Erkan Kalafat, Iffat Mir, Helen Perry, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement of home blood-pressure monitoring (HBPM) and office blood pressure measurements in a cohort of pregnant women with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: This was a cohort study at St George's Hospital, University of London conducted between years 2016 and 2017. The inclusion criteria were chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension or high risk of developing preeclampsia, no significant proteinuria and no hematological or biochemical abnormalities...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#14
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785547/analysis-of-factors-affecting-outcomes-of-pregnancy-complicated-by-echinococcus-an-algorithm-for-approach-and-management
#15
Sebahattin Celik, Ozan Okyay, Erbil Karaman, Özlem Z Sert, Numan Cim, Tuba Y Okyay
PURPOSE: The management of hydatid disease (HD) co-occurring with pregnancy remains a challenge for physicians. We aimed to determine factors that were related to fetal and maternal outcomes in HD complicated pregnancies and then develop an approach/treatment algorithm. METHOD: All patients at the participating hospitals were first analyzed to determine whether they had HD. Only patients diagnosed with HD during the course of their pregnancy were included. Certain cyst-related factors (diameter, localization, increase in size, and viability) and certain pregnancy-related factors (treatments, gestational week, maternal co-morbidities, and delivery type) were investigated...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784070/pre-pregnancy-dietary-carbohydrate-quantity-and-quality-and-risk-of-developing-gestational-diabetes-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#17
Moniek Looman, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Anouk Geelen, Edith J M Feskens, Gita D Mishra
Carbohydrate quantity and quality affect postprandial glucose response, glucose metabolism and risk of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the association of pre-pregnancy dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality with the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We used data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health that included 3607 women aged 25-30 years without diabetes who were followed up between 2003 and 2015. We examined carbohydrate quantity (total carbohydrate intake and a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) score) and carbohydrate subtypes indicating quality (fibre, total sugar intake, glycaemic index, glycaemic load and intake of carbohydrate-rich food groups)...
May 22, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#18
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782187/effects-of-maternal-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-maternal-and-infant-epigenome
#19
Cindy M Anderson, Shannon L Gillespie, Doria K Thiele, Jody L Ralph, Joyce E Ohm
INTRODUCTION: Mothers and infants are at high risk for inadequate vitamin D status. Mechanisms by which vitamin D may affect maternal and infant DNA methylation are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study quantified the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on DNA methylation in pregnant and lactating women and their breastfed infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled pilot study, pregnant women received vitamin D3 400 international units (IU) (n = 6; control) or 3,800 IU (n = 7; intervention) daily from late second trimester through 4-6 weeks postpartum...
May 21, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781882/no-hiv-transmission-from-virally-suppressed-mothers-during-breastfeeding-in-rural-tanzania
#20
Ezekiel Luoga, Fiona Vanobberghen, Rahel Bircher, Amina Nyuri, Alex J Ntamatungiro, Dorcas Mnzava, Getrud J Mollel, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay, Maja Weisser, Anna Gamell
BACKGROUND: To what extent antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) during breastfeeding remains unclear. We assessed the MTCT risk from mothers on ART to their infants during breastfeeding. SETTING: Ifakara, rural Tanzania. METHODS: We included infants born between 01/2013 and 05/2016 to mothers who initiated ART before delivery, had a negative HIV DNA-PCR at 4-12 weeks, and exclusively breastfed for ≥6 months...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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