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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684414/examining-variability-in-parent-feeding-practices-within-a-low-income-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#1
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Katie Loth, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Current measures of parent feeding practices are typically survey-based and assessed as static/unchanging characteristics, failing to account for fluctuations in these behaviors across time and context. The current study uses ecological momentary assessment to examine variability of, and predictors of parent feeding practices within a low-income, racially/ethnically diverse, and immigrant sample. METHODS: Children ages 5-7 years old and their parents (n = 150 dyads) from six racial/ethnic groups (n = 25 from each; Black/African American, Hispanic, Hmong, Native American, Somali, White) were recruited for this mixed-methods study through primary care clinics...
April 20, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683130/an-inventory-of-continental-u-s-terrestrial-candidate-ecological-restoration-areas-based-on-landscape-context
#2
James Wickham, Kurt Riitters, Peter Vogt, Jennifer Costanza, Anne Neale
Landscape context is an important factor in restoration ecology, but the use of landscape context for site prioritization has not been as fully developed. We used morphological image processing to identify candidate ecological restoration areas based on their proximity to existing natural vegetation. We identified 1,102,720 candidate ecological restoration areas across the continental United States. Candidate ecological restoration areas were concentrated in the Great Plains and eastern United States. We populated the database of candidate ecological restoration areas with 17 attributes related to site content and context, including factors such as soil fertility and roads (site content), and number and area of potentially conjoined vegetated regions (site context) to facilitate its use for site prioritization...
November 2017: Restoration ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682033/diagnostic-and-prognostic-capability-of-newer-magnetic-resonance-imaging-brain-sequences-in-diffuse-axonal-injury-patient
#3
Mayank Bansal, Virendra Deo Sinha, Juhi Bansal
Objectives: Diffuse axonal injury is one of the major causes of unconsciousness, profound neurologic deficits and persistent vegetative state after head trauma. In recent years, MR imaging has been gaining popularity as an adjunctive imaging method in patients with DAI. Our study aims to assess the relative diagnostic and prognostic capability of various MRI sequences. Patients and Methods: Retrospective observational study done in 1 year duration on 30 DAI patients...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681668/instability-of-water-quality-of-a-shallow-polymictic-flow-through-lake
#4
Beata Ferencz, Jarosław Dawidek, Magdalena Toporowska
This paper describes catchment processes that favor the trophic instability of a shallow polymictic lake, in which a shift from eutrophy to hypertrophy occurs rapidly. In the lake, in 2007, the winter discharge maximum and an intensive precipitation (monthly sums exceeded 60 mm) in a vegetation season were observed. In 2007, the cyanobacterial blooms disappeared and the water trophy decreased. Total phosphorus (TP) was the main factor determining the high trophic status of the lake. The TP retention resulted from a quick flow of two inflows: QI1 (r = 0...
2018: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#5
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677676/assessing-the-geomorphological-vulnerability-of-arid-beach-dune-systems
#6
Carolina Peña-Alonso, Juan B Gallego-Fernández, Luis Hernández-Calvento, Antonio I Hernández-Cordero, Eduard Ariza
In this study, an arid dune vulnerability index (ADVI) is developed using a system of indicators to evaluate the geomorphological vulnerability of beach-dune systems of arid regions. The indicators are comprised of three analytical dimensions (susceptibility, exposure and resilience) and their corresponding sub-indices and variables and were assessed for eleven sites located in four aeolian sedimentary systems of the Canary archipelago (Spain). The selected sites have varying geomorphological characteristics, vegetation types, marine and wind conditions and human pressure degrees, and have seen different trends in their geomorphological evolution since 1960...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677267/the-short-lived-epidemic-of-botulism-from-commercially-canned-foods-in-the-united-states-1919-to-1925
#7
Powel Kazanjian
In 1919, three deadly outbreaks of botulism caused by consumption of canned olives packed in California captured national headlines. In all of the outbreaks, which occurred in separate locales, unsuspecting people died after consuming tainted food during a banquet or family meal. The press's sensational portrayal of canned food as hazardous aroused alarm among consumers at a time when commercial canning was becoming more common. Intent on restoring the image of their product as safe and wholesome, canning industry leaders funded a "botulism commission" of scientific experts in 1919 to investigate how to systematically eliminate the threat of botulism that had imperiled their business...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676249/preharvest-farming-practices-impacting-fresh-produce-safety
#8
Eduardo Gutierrez-Rodriguez, Achyut Adhikari
Advancements in agriculture and food processing techniques have been instrumental in the development of modern human societies. Vast improvements in agronomic practices, handling, and processing have allowed us to produce and preserve mass quantities of food. Yet despite all these innovations and potentially as a consequence of these mass production practices, more and more outbreaks of human pathogens linked to raw and processed foods are identified every year. It is evident that our increased capacity for microbial detection has contributed to the greater number of outbreaks detected...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676115/-survival-state-and-fruiting-characteristics-of-endangered-medicinal-plant-sinopodophyllum-hexandrum-plant-in-tibet-plateau
#9
Qi-Qiang Guo, Chao Gao, Hui-E Li, Yan-Hui Ye, Yan-Ying Han
This study was carried out by the methods of typical plots investigation and laboratory test aiming at analyzing the survival state and fruiting characteristics of three Sinopodophyllum hexandrum populations in different environmental habitats. Meanwhile, it could provide scientific basis for enhancing wild population quantity recovery. The results showed that more population quantity grow in the habitats of large-area gap (Population A) and bushes (Population C) with a majority of the young individuals, while the minor-area gap (Population B) was the opposite...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673613/health-behaviors-among-stroke-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#10
Haytham Wali, Sawsan Kurdi, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Sandipan Bhattacharjee
GOAL: The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association has specific recommendations for secondary stroke prevention. The aim of this study was to compare health behaviors engagement between stroke survivors and propensity score-matched controls. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, matched case-control study using data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. We included older adults aged 50 or older who participated in the 2015 BRFSS survey and completed the interview...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673392/geographical-information-system-gis-modeling-territory-receptivity-to-strengthen-entomological-surveillance-anopheles-nyssorhynchus-case-study-in-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil
#11
Hermano Gomes Albuquerque, Paulo Cesar Peiter, Luciano M Toledo, Jeronimo A F Alencar, Paulo C Sabroza, Cristina G Dias, Jefferson P C Santos, Martha C Suárez-Mutis
BACKGROUND: Extra-Amazonian malaria mortality is 60 times higher than the Amazon malaria mortality. Imported cases correspond to approximately 90% of extra-Amazonian cases. Imported malaria could be a major problem if it occurs in areas with receptivity, because it can favor the occurrence of outbreaks or reintroductions of malaria in those areas. This study aimed to model territorial receptivity for malaria to serve as an entomological surveillance tool in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
April 19, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663679/the-role-of-cruciferous-vegetables-and-isothiocyanates-for-lung-cancer-prevention-current-status-challenges-and-future-research-directions
#12
REVIEW
Zhenzhen Zhang, Raymond Bergan, Jackilen Shannon, Christopher G Slatore, Gerd Bobe, Yumie Takata
Lung cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Although smoking and air pollution exposure are primary risk factors of lung cancer, diet has also been reported to contribute to lung cancer risk. Cruciferous vegetables contain many bioactive compounds that alter the detoxification process of air-borne carcinogenic compounds and, thereby, may decrease lung cancer risk. In our meta-analysis of 31 observational studies, cruciferous vegetable intake was inversely associated with lung cancer risk (summary odds ratio/relative risk = 0...
April 16, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661194/association-of-neighborhood-greenness-with-self-perceived-stress-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-older-u-s-adults
#13
Vivian C Pun, Justin Manjourides, Helen H Suh
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood environment, such as green vegetation, has been shown to play a role in coping with stress and mental ill health. Yet, epidemiological evidence of the association between greenness and mental health is inconsistent. METHODS: We examined whether living in green space is associated with self-perceived stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms in a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 4118; aged 57-85 years) in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660678/fast-detection-of-fenthion-on-fruit-and-vegetable-peel-using-dynamic-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-and-random-forests-with-variable-selection
#14
Shizhuang Weng, Mengqing Qiu, Ronglu Dong, Fang Wang, Linsheng Huang, Dongyan Zhang, Jinling Zhao
Dynamic surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (D-SERS) based on the state change of the substrate not only significantly enhances but also provides a highly reproducible Raman signal. Hence, we develop a fast and accurate method for the detection of fenthion on fruit and vegetable peel using D-SERS and random forests (RF) with variable selection. With uniform Ag nanoparticles, the dynamic spectra of fenthion solution at different concentrations were obtained using D-SERS, and fenthion solution greater than or equal to 0...
April 10, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659816/the-relative-price-of-healthy-and-less-healthy-foods-available-in-australian-school-canteens
#15
Natassja Billich, Marijke Adderley, Laura Ford, Isabel Keeton, Claire Palermo, Anna Peeters, Julie Woods, Kathryn Backholer
School canteens have an important role in modelling a healthy food environment. Price is a strong predictor of food and beverage choice. This study compared the relative price of healthy and less healthy lunch and snack items sold within Australian school canteens. A convenience sample of online canteen menus from five Australian states were selected (100 primary and 100 secondary schools). State-specific canteen guidelines were used to classify menu items into 'green' (eat most), 'amber' (select carefully) and 'red' (not recommended in schools)...
April 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659689/perspective-total-added-or-free-what-kind-of-sugars-should-we-be-talking-about
#16
David J Mela, Elizabeth M Woolner
There is consistent public guidance to limit sugars intakes. However, WHO recommendations are for "free" sugars, whereas some other guidance documents and public discussion focus on "added" sugars, and globally most food labeling states "total" sugars. Total sugars comprise all mono- and disaccharides, regardless of source, whereas both added and free sugars exclude the sugars that naturally occur in dairy products and intact fruit and vegetables. Definitions of added and free sugars differ mainly in their respective exclusion or inclusion of sugars in juiced or pureed fruit and vegetables...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658608/ipsc%C3%A2-msc-inhibition-assessment-in-raw-264-7-cells-following-oxygen-and-glucose-deprivation-reveals-a-distinct-function-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#17
Yi Yu, Dongping Wang, Hui Li, Yujie Liu, Zhao Xiang, Junlin Wu, Xiaoli Jing
Hypoxia is a serious stress state. The nervous system is less tolerant to hypoxia, and cell death due to hypoxia is irreversible. With the incidence of cardiovascular disease gradually increasing, the sudden cardiac death rate is additionally increasing. Although cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important development, recovery is frequently poor. In a successful recovery population, ~40% of the population was in a vegetative state or subsequently succumbed to their condition, and ~20% had brain damage...
April 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656519/character-evolution-and-missing-morphological-data-across-asteridae
#18
Gregory W Stull, Melanie Schori, Douglas E Soltis, Pamela S Soltis
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Our current understanding of flowering plant phylogeny provides an excellent framework for exploring various aspects of character evolution through comparative analyses. However, attempts to synthesize this phylogenetic framework with extensive morphological data sets have been surprisingly rare. Here, we explore character evolution in Asteridae (asterids), a major angiosperm clade, using an extensive morphological data set and a well-resolved phylogeny. METHODS: We scored 15 phenotypic characters (spanning chemistry, vegetative anatomy, and floral, fruit, and seed features) across 248 species for ancestral state reconstruction using a phylogenetic framework based on 73 plastid genes and the same 248 species...
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656191/instability-diagnosis-and-syntrophic-acetate-oxidation-during-thermophilic-digestion-of-vegetable-waste
#19
Dong Li, Yi Ran, Lin Chen, Qin Cao, Zhidong Li, Xiaofeng Liu
Effective process monitoring and instability diagnosis are important for stable anaerobic digestion (AD) of vegetable waste (VW). In order to evaluate the performance of thermophilic digestion of VW, to make early diagnosis for instability after organic overload, and to reveal the dynamics of microbial community under different running states, thermophilic AD of VW was carried out under improved organic loading rates (OLR) of 0.5-2.5 g volatile solid (VS)/(L ∙ d) in this study. Gaseous parameters including volumetric methane production rate (VMPR), CH4 , CO2 , and H2 concentrations, and liquid parameters including pH, oxidation-reduction potential, volatile fatty acid (VFA), and total alkalinity (TA), bicarbonate alkalinity (BA), intermediate alkalinity (IA), and ammonia, were monitored...
April 10, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655924/quantifying-household-waste-of-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-in-the-eu
#20
Valeria De Laurentiis, Sara Corrado, Serenella Sala
According to national studies conducted in EU countries, fresh fruit and vegetables contribute to almost 50% of the food waste generated by households. This study presents an estimation of this waste flow, differentiating between unavoidable and avoidable waste. The calculation of these two flows serves different purposes. The first (21.1 kg per person per year) provides a measure of the amount of household waste intrinsically linked to the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables, and which would still be generated even in a zero-avoidable waste future scenario...
April 11, 2018: Waste Management
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