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Vegetative state

L F Muniz, A B Bombo, A L Filartiga, B Appezzato-da-Glória
Vegetative aerial organs are considerably more exposed to environmental conditions and can reflect the specific adaptations of plants to their local environment. Aldama grandiflora species are known to be widely distributed in Brazil; therefore, individuals from different populations of this species are thought to be exposed to different abiotic and biotic conditions. Several anatomical studies conducted on Brazilian Aldama species have mainly focused on the qualitative anatomical characters or traits of these species, but not on their quantitative traits...
February 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Brian E Roe, John W Apolzan, Danyi Qi, H Raymond Allen, Corby K Martin
We analyze food-item level data collected from 50 adults from the United States using the Remote Food Photography Method® to provide the first estimates of plate waste gathered from adults across multiple consecutive meals and days in free-living conditions, and during laboratory-based meals with fixed food items and quantities. We find average plate waste in free-living conditions is 5.6 grams (7.7 kcals) per item and that 3.3% of all food selected is returned as plate waste, where the percent waste figure is substantially lower than previously published plate waste estimates gathered primarily from dine-out settings in the United States such as buffets and institutional settings with limited-choice meals (e...
2018: PloS One
Jie Sun, Jian Dong, Shuyan Han, Ying Wang, Qingran Yang, Weiping Qian
In order to detect the redox states of fruits and vegetables simply, a SERS (surface-enhanced Raman scattering) method was developed based on a redox-sensitive probe and a pH-sensitive probe. The two probes were dropped onto the flesh of the fresh incision of fruits and vegetables, respectively. The SERS spectra of redox-sensitive probes were used to indicate their redox states, and the SERS spectra of pH-sensitive probes were used to indicate their pH values to discount the influence of pH on the redox states...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Quang Toan Dinh, Zewei Cui, Jie Huang, Thi Anh Thu Tran, Dan Wang, Wenxiao Yang, Fei Zhou, Mengke Wang, Dasong Yu, Dongli Liang
This paper reviewed the Se in the environment (including total Se in soil, water, plants, and food), the daily Se intake and Se content in human hair were also examined to elucidate Se distribution in the environment and its effects on human health in China. Approximately 51% of China is Se deficiency in soil, compared with 72% in the survey conducted in 1989. Low Se concentrations in soil, water, plants, human diet and thus human hair were found in most areas of China. The only significant difference was observed between Se-rich and Se-excessive areas for Se contents in water, staple cereal, vegetables, fruits, and animal-based food, no remarkable contrast was found among other areas (p>0...
February 9, 2018: Environment International
Kimberly B Glazer, Melissa N Eliot, Valery A Danilack, Lynn Carlson, Maureen G Phipps, Payam Dadvand, David A Savitz, Gregory A Wellenius
BACKGROUND: Residential green space may improve birth outcomes, with prior studies reporting higher birthweight among infants of women living in greener areas. However, results from studies evaluating associations between green space and preterm birth have been mixed. Further, the potential influence of residential proximity to water, or 'blue space', on health has not previously been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between green and blue space and birth outcomes in a coastal area of the northeastern United States...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
Burke A Cunha, Bertamaria Dieguez, Alena Varantsova
Culture negative endocarditis (CNE) is a common concern in patients with fever, heart murmur, cardiac vegetation, and negative blood cultures. The diagnosis of CNE is not based only on negative blood cultures and a cardiac vegetation. The clinical definition of CNE is based on negative blood cultures plus the findings of culture positive infective endocarditis (IE), e.g., fever, cardiac vegetation, splenomegaly, peripheral manifestations. Because embolic splenic infarcts may occur with culture positive IE, some may assume that splenic infarcts are a sign of CNE...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Camiel Doorenweerd, Luc Leblanc, Allen L Norrbom, Michael San Jose, Daniel Rubinoff
The correct application of the scientific names of species is neither easy nor trivial. Mistakes can lead to the wrong interpretation of research results or, when pest species are involved, inappropriate regulations and limits on trade, and possibly quarantine failures that permit the invasion of new pest species. Names are particularly challenging to manage when groups of organisms encompass a large number of species, when different workers employ different philosophical views, or when species are in a state of taxonomic flux...
2018: ZooKeys
Tuanne Rotti Abrantes, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Andréa Sobral de Almeida, Fabiano Borges Figueiredo
The study assessed the association between environmental characteristics obtained by remote sensing and prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) in the neighborhood of Jacaré, an area with recent introduction of the disease in the municipality (county) of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional study to assess CVL prevalence, defined as a positive result in the dual path platform (DPP) rapid immunochromatographic assay, confirmed by immunoenzymatic assay (IEA). The study included 97 dogs, with 21...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
M B L Simedo, A L M Martins, T C T Pissarra, M C Lopes, R C A Costa, R F Valle-Junior, L C Campanelli, N E T Rojas, E L Finoto
The water quality is related to the hydrologic and limnologic properties of ground and surface water, and significant efforts have been made to monitor water sources to understand the effects of land use changes in agricultural areas, with significant socioeconomic activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the qualitative aspects of surface water in subbasins related to land use. Samples were analyzed in terms of physical and chemical parameters on monthly discrete water quality sampling in four representative sites at first order subbasin streams, located at the Polo Regional Centro Norte, Pindorama County, State of São Paulo, Brazil...
February 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Michael Windle, Regine Haardörfer, Beth Getachew, Jean Shah, Jackie Payne, Dina Pillai, Carla J Berg
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) prior to age 18 years and multiple health behaviors (e.g., cigarette and other substance use) and outcomes (e.g., obesity, depression) for a large college sample. PARTICIPANTS: 2969 college students from seven universities in the state of Georgia were included in the analysis. METHODS: Web-based surveys were completed by students (45-60 minutes) during the spring semester, 2015...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Leora R Feldstein, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, J Erin Staples, M Elizabeth Halloran, Esther M Ellis
Recent large-scale chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus epidemics in the Americas pose a growing public health threat. Given that mosquito bite prevention and vector control are the main prevention methods available to reduce transmission of these viruses, we assessed adherence to these methods in the United States Virgin Islands (USVI). We interviewed 334 USVI residents between December 2014 and February 2015 to measure differences in mosquito prevention practices by gender, income, presence of CHIKV symptoms, and age...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Ruby Yu, Dan Wang, Jason Leung, Kevin Lau, Timothy Kwok, Jean Woo
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether neighborhood green space was related to frailty risk longitudinally and to examine the relative contributions of green space, physical activity, and individual health conditions to the frailty transitions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Four thousand community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Mr. and Ms. Os (Hong Kong) study in 2001-2003 were followed up for 2 years. METHODS: The percentage of green space within a 300-meter radial buffer around the participants' place of residence was derived for each participant at baseline based on the normalized difference vegetation index...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Steven Arthurs, Surendra K Dara
Microbial pesticides based on bacteria, fungi and viruses or their bioactive compounds have long been developed as alternatives for synthetic pesticides to control invertebrate pests. However, concern for environmental and human health from excessive reliance on chemical pesticides, changes in residue standards, and increased demand for organically grown produce has contributed to a considerable growth in their use in recent years. There are currently 356 registered biopesticide active ingredients in the U...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Calixto Machado, Mario Estévez, Rafael Rodriguez-Rojas
Sutton and Clauss presented a detailed review about the effectiveness of zolpidem, discussing recoveries from brain damage due to strokes, trauma and hypoxia. A significant finding has been the unexpected and paradoxical increment of brain activity in vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS). On the contrary, zolpidem is considered one of the best sleep inducers in normal subjects. We have studied series of VS/UWS cases after zolpidem intake. We have demonstrated EEG activation, increment of BOLD signal in different brain regions, and an autonomic influence, mainly characterized by a vagolytic chronotropic effect without a significant increment of the vasomotor sympathetic tone...
February 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Laetitia Maestroni, Vincent Géli, Stéphane Coulon
Telomere maintenance mechanism is poorly studied in quiescence, a reversible non-proliferative state. We previously described in fission yeast a new mode of repair of telomeres named STEEx, that specifically operates in post-mitotic cells harboring eroded telomeres. This mechanism, promoted by transcription-induced telomeric recombination, prevents cells to exit properly from quiescence, suggesting that STEEx act as an anti-proliferative barrier. Here, we further showed that STEEx are genetically controlled by the Tel1ATM- and Rad3ATR- dependent DDR pathways...
February 1, 2018: Current Genetics
Feixia Zheng, Zhongdong Lin, Xiuyun Ye, Xulai Shi
RATIONALE: The respective involvements of both the thalamus and exhibitionism in cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) have not been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 11-year-old boy initially presented with exhibitionism and progressive neurobehavioral symptoms. He subsequently developed transient urinary and fecal incontinence, and an unwillingness to eat or communicate. DIAGNOSES: We conducted contrast-enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which revealed symmetrical altered signal intensities in bilateral frontal white matter, the basal ganglia, and dorsal thalami, as well as a peripheral rim of contrast enhancement...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wen-Harn Pan, Nai-Hua Yeh, Ray-Yu Yang, Wei-Hsuan Lin, Wan-Chen Wu, Wen-Ting Yeh, Mi-Kyung Sung, Haeng-Shin Lee, Sue-Joan Chang, Ching-Jang Huang, Bi-Fong Lin, Meng-Tsan Chiang
Phytonutrients may play important roles in human health and yet only recently a few studies have described phytonutrient consumption patterns, using data obtained from daily consumption methods. We aimed to estimate the phytonutrient content in Taiwanese diets and analyzed main food sources of 10 major phytonutrients. In this study, food items and dietary data gathered with the 24-hour dietary recall from 2908 participants in the 2005-2008 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan were used to create a food phytonutrient database with 933 plant-based foods through integrating database, literature search, and chemical analysis and to appraise phytonutrient consumption status of participants...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Zhen Yu, Chaoqun Lu, Peiyu Cao, Hanqin Tian
To meet the increasing food and biofuel demand, the Midwest U.S. has become one of the most intensively human-disturbed hotspots, characterized by widespread cropland expansion and various management practices. However, the role of human activities to carbon (C) cycling across managed landscape remains far from certain. In this study, based on state- and national census, field experiments, and model simulation, we comprehensively examined long-term carbon storage change in response to land use and cover change (LUCC) and agricultural management in the Midwest from 1850 to 2015...
January 31, 2018: Global Change Biology
Cristian Forestan, Silvia Farinati, Jacques Rouster, Hervé Lassagne, Massimiliano Lauria, Nicola Dal Ferro, Serena Varotto
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from acetylated histone tails that consequently interact more closely with DNA, leading to chromatin state refractory to transcription. Zea mays HDA108 belongs to the Rpd3/HDA1 HDAC family and is ubiquitously expressed during development. The newly isolated hda108/hda108 insertional mutant exhibited many developmental defects: significant reduction in plant height, alterations of shoot and leaf development, alterations of inflorescence patterning and fertility...
January 30, 2018: Genetics
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