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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915357/snacking-patterns-and-snack-correlates-in-third-and-fourth-year-nursing-and-dietetics-students-an-exploratory-study-from-the-midwestern-united-states
#1
Laura H McArthur, P L Monahan, Zhaohui Sheng, Donald Holbert
AIMS: To compare snacking behaviors and psychosocial correlates of third- and fourth-year nursing (n=52) and dietetics (n=48) students. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed snack choices, awareness of healthy snacks, snack recommendations and beliefs, stage of change and perceived benefits/barriers for healthy snacking, and situational snacking. RESULTS: The snacks purchased most often on and off campus by the nursing students were soft drinks/caffeinated beverages (58%) and chips (42%), and for the dietetics students were chips (35%) and fresh fruit (33%)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907256/quantifying-the-human-influence-on-fire-ignition-across-the-western-usa
#2
Emily J Fusco, John T Abatzoglou, Jennifer K Balch, John T Finn, Bethany A Bradley
Humans have a profound effect on fire regimes by increasing the frequency of ignitions. Although ignition is an integral component of understanding and predicting fire, to date fire models have not been able to isolate the ignition location, leading to inconsistent use of anthropogenic ignition proxies. Here, we identified fire ignitions from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) Burned Area Product (2000-2012) to create the first remotely sensed, consistently derived, and regionally comprehensive fire ignition data set for the western United States...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907130/environmental-nitrogen-losses-from-commercial-crop-production-systems-in-the-suwannee-river-basin-of-florida
#3
Rishi Prasad, George J Hochmuth
The springs and the Suwannee river of northern Florida in Middle Suwanee River Basin (MSRB) are among several examples in this planet that have shown a temporal trend of increasing nitrate concentration primarily due to the impacts of non-point sources such as agriculture. The rate of nitrate increase in the river as documented by Ham and Hatzell (1996) was 0.02 mg N L-1 y-1. Best management practices (BMPs) for nutrients were adopted by the commercial farms in the MSRB region to reduce the amounts of pollutants entering the water bodies, however the effectiveness of BMPs remains a topic of interest and discussion among the researchers, environmental administrators and policy makers about the loads of nitrogen entering into groundwater and river systems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891438/blastomycosis-like-pyoderma-a-rare-case-report
#4
Amrita A Hongal, Somashekar Gejje
Blastomycosis-like pyoderma is a rare, cutaneous bacterial infection of skin, seen in malnourished individuals, in a poor state of health and manifests as vegetating skin lesions. It is an unusual tissue reaction possibly to bacterial infection, the most common organism being Staphylococcus aureus. This case report is of a 35-year-old male who presented with thick verrucous surfaced plaques and papules on trunk and extremities since 2 months. Investigations revealed anaemia with hypochromasia, neutrophilic leucocytosis, hypo-proteinemia and hypo-albuminemia with reversal of A/G ratio...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890087/molecular-phylogeny-diversity-community-structure-and-plant-growth-promoting-properties-of-fungal-endophytes-associated-with-the-corms-of-saffron-plant-an-insight-into-the-microbiome-of-crocus-sativus-linn
#5
Zahoor Ahmed Wani, Dania Nazir Mirza, Palak Arora, Syed Riyaz-Ul-Hassan
A total of 294 fungal endophytes were isolated from the corms of Crocus sativus at two stages of crocus life cycle collected from 14 different saffron growing sites in Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) State, India. Molecular phylogeny assigned them into 36 distinct internal transcribed spacer (ITS) genotypes which spread over 19 genera. The diversity of endophytes was higher at the dormant than at the vegetative stage. The Saffron microbiome was dominated by Phialophora mustea and Cadophora malorum, both are dark septate endophytes (DSEs)...
December 2016: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890020/choice-architecture-to-promote-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-by-families-participating-in-the-special-supplemental-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-randomized-corner-store-pilot-study
#6
Anne N Thorndike, Oliver-John M Bright, Melissa A Dimond, Ronald Fishman, Douglas E Levy
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to determine if improving the visibility and quality of fresh produce (choice architecture) in corner stores would increase fruit/vegetable purchases by families participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Six stores were randomly assigned to choice architecture intervention or control. Store-level WIC sales data were provided by the state. Primary outcomes were WIC fruit/vegetable voucher and non-fruit/vegetable voucher sales, comparing trends from baseline (December 2012-October 2013) with the five-month intervention period (December 2013-April 2014)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889521/azacytidine-and-mir156-promote-rooting-in-adult-but-not-in-juvenile-arabidopsis-tissues
#7
Mehdi Massoumi, Frans A Krens, Richard G F Visser, Geert-Jan M De Klerk
Poor adventitious root (AR) formation is a major obstacle in micropropagation and conventional vegetative propagation of many crops. It is affected by many endogenous and exogenous factors. With respect to endogenous factors, the phase change from juvenile to adult has a major influence on AR formation and rooting is usually much reduced or even fully inhibited in adult tissues. It has been reported that the phase change is characterized by an increase in DNA-methylation and a decrease in the expression of microRNA156 (miR156)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885316/bartonella-endocarditis-and-pauci-immune-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Jillian E Raybould, Alison L Raybould, Megan K Morales, Misbah Zaheer, Michael S Lipkowitz, Joseph G Timpone, Princy N Kumar
Among culture-negative endocarditis in the United States, Bartonella species are the most common cause, with Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana comprising the majority of cases. Kidney manifestations, particularly glomerulonephritis, are common sequelae of infectious endocarditis, with nearly half of all Bartonella patients demonstrating renal involvement. Although a pauci-immune pattern is a frequent finding in infectious endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis, it is rarely reported in Bartonella endocarditis...
September 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878869/effects-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-on-survival-of-patients-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-stroke
#9
Kunpeng Wu, Ying Chen, Caihong Yan, Zhijia Huang, Deming Wang, Peigen Gui, Juan Bao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) on short- and long-term survival of patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) after stroke, and determine the relevant prognostic factors. BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to a PVS, and the effect of PEG on survival of stroke patients in a PVS remains unclear. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 97 stroke patients in a PVS hospitalized from January 2009 to December 2011 at the Second Hospital, University of South China, were assessed in this study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878090/species-mixture-effects-on-flammability-across-plant-phylogeny-the-importance-of-litter-particle-size-and-the-special-role-for-non-pinus-pinaceae
#10
Weiwei Zhao, William K Cornwell, Marinda van Pomeren, Richard S P van Logtestijn, Johannes H C Cornelissen
Fire affects and is affected by plants. Vegetation varies in flammability, that is, its general ability to burn, at different levels of ecological organization. To scale from individual plant traits to community flammability states, understanding trait effects on species flammability variation and their interaction is important. Plant traits are the cumulative result of evolution and they show, to differing extents, phylogenetic conservatism. We asked whether phylogenetic distance between species predicts species mixture effects on litterbed flammability...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876159/natural-radionuclides-in-lichens-mosses-and-ferns-in-a-thermal-power-plant-and-in-an-adjacent-coal-mine-area-in-southern-brazil
#11
Juliana Aparecida Galhardi, Rafael García-Tenorio, Inmaculada Díaz Francés, Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Marcelo Pinto Marcelli
The radio-elements (234)U, (235)U, (238)U, (230)Th, (232)Th and (210)Po were characterized in lichens, mosses and ferns species sampled in an adjacent coal mine area at Figueira City, Paraná State, Brazil, due to their importance for the assessment of human exposure related to the natural radioactivity. The coal is geologically associated with a uranium deposit and has been used as a fossil fuel in a thermal power plant in the city. Samples were initially prepared at LABIDRO (Isotopes and Hydrochemistry Laboratory), UNESP, Rio Claro (SP), Brazil...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874136/a-self-quenching-resistant-carbon-nanodot-powder-with-multicolored-solid-state-fluorescence-for-ultra-fast-staining-of-various-representative-bacterial-species-within-one-minute
#12
Yongqiang Zhang, Chunfeng Li, Yi Fan, Chengbin Wang, Ruifu Yang, Xingyuan Liu, Lei Zhou
In this study, we prepared self-quenching-resistant solid-state fluorescent carbon nanodots (SFCDs) without any other solid matrices. The SFCDs were prepared using a one-step microwave synthesis method through precise control of the heating power and time. The resulting SFCD powder showed excitation-dependent emission behavior with a maximum fluorescence quantum yield of 40%. The multicolored SFCDs were successfully used as fluorescent agents for rapid staining of 14 representative bacterial species, including Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and acid-fast bacteria...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869947/-adolescent-health-risk-behaviors-and-family-health-strategy-educational-activities-in-cuiab%C3%A3-mato-grosso-state-brazil-2011
#13
Raquel Raizel, Valdemar Guedes da Silva, Allan da Mata Godois, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Amélia Dreyer Machado, Sebastião Júnior Henrique Duarte, Christianne de Faria Coelho Ravagnani
OBJECTIVE: to analyze health risk behaviors in adolescents and Family Health Strategy (FHS) educational activities in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was conducted using data from a survey with adolescents registered with FHS in 2011/2012; Poisson regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI95%). RESULTS: there was low participation in educational activities on alcohol (23%), food (10%) and physical activity (9%); insufficient physical activity was higher in girls (PR=0...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869917/-method-for-projecting-indicators-for-the-goals-of-the-strategic-action-plan-for-tackling-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-brazil-according-to-capitals-and-the-federal-district
#14
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: to present the indicators' projection method of the Strategic Action Plan for Tackling Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in Brazilian State capitals and the Federal District, 2012-2022. METHODS: simple linear regression model was used to calculate the indicators' projections with data from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel). RESULTS: in most of the capitals, there was an increase in the prevalence of obesity (annual change: 0...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865730/overview-of-the-state-of-the-art-of-constructed-wetlands-for-decentralized-wastewater-management-in-brazil
#15
REVIEW
A I Machado, M Beretta, R Fragoso, E Duarte
Conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) commonly require large capital investments as well as operation and maintenance costs. Constructed wetlands (CWs) appear as a cost-effective treatment, since they can remove a broad range of contaminants by a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes with a low cost. Therefore, CWs can be successfully applied for decentralized wastewater treatment in regions with low population density and/or with large land availability as Brazil. The present work provides a review of thirty nine studies developed on CWs implemented in Brazil to remove wastewater contaminants...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863974/establishment-of-aedes-aegypti-l-in-mountainous-regions-in-mexico-increasing-number-of-population-at-risk-of-mosquito-borne-disease-and-future-climate-conditions-gb1
#16
Miguel Equihua, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Griselda Benítez, Israel Estrada-Contreras, César A Sandoval-Ruiz, Fredy S Mendoza-Palmero
The study was conducted in the central region of Veracruz Mexico, in the metropolitan area of Xalapa. It is a mountainous area where Aedes aegypti (L.) is not currently endemic. An entomological survey was done along an elevation gradient using the Ae. aegypti occurrences at different life cycle stages. Seven sites were sampled and a total of 24 mosquito species were recorded: 9 species were found in urban areas, 18 in non-urban areas with remnant vegetation, and 3 occurred in both environments. Ae. aegypti was found only in the urban areas, usually below 1,200m a...
November 15, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859096/transitions-and-invasion-along-a-grazing-gradient-in-experimental-california-grasslands
#17
Claudia Stein, William Stanley Harpole, Katharine N Suding
Resilience-based frameworks, founded upon the existence of multiple attractors and regime shifts, have long been applied to complex dynamics of semiarid systems. Utilizing seed addition tests in experimental plantings along grazing gradients, we applied an increase-when-rare criterion to identify bidirectional (states can invade each other) and directional (only one state can invade) transitions among vegetation states characteristic of California grasslands over five years. Annual forage and medusahead grasslands were able to invade each other at all grazing intensities, indicating coexistence...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859090/remotely-sensed-canopy-height-reveals-three-pantropical-ecosystem-states
#18
Chi Xu, Stijn Hantson, Milena Holmgren, Egbert H van Nes, Arie Staal, Marten Scheffer
Although canopy height has long been a focus of interest in ecology, it has remained difficult to study at large spatial scales. Recently, satellite-borne LiDAR equipment produced the first systematic high resolution maps of vegetation height worldwide. Here we show that this new resource reveals three marked modes in tropical canopy height ~40, ~12, and ~2 m corresponding to forest, savanna, and treeless landscapes. The distribution of these modes is consistent with the often hypothesized forest-savanna bistability and suggests that both states can be stable in areas with a mean annual precipitation between ~1,500  and ~2,000 mm...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859083/seed-bank-structure-and-plant-recruitment-conditions-regulate-the-dynamics-of-a-grassland-shrubland-chihuahuan-ecotone
#19
Mariano Moreno-de Las Heras, Laura Turnbull, John Wainwright
Large areas of desert grasslands in the southwestern United States have shifted to sparse shrublands dominated by drought-tolerant woody species over the last 150 yr, accompanied by accelerated soil erosion. An important step toward the understanding of patterns in species dominance and vegetation change at desert grassland-shrubland transitions is the study of environmental limitations imposed by the shrub-encroachment phenomenon on plant establishment. Here, we analyze the structure of soil seed banks, environmental limitations for seed germination (i...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857204/effects-of-climate-and-fire-on-short-term-vegetation-recovery-in-the-boreal-larch-forests-of-northeastern-china
#20
Zhihua Liu
Understanding the influence of climate variability and fire characteristics in shaping postfire vegetation recovery will help to predict future ecosystem trajectories in boreal forests. In this study, I asked: (1) which remotely-sensed vegetation index (VI) is a good proxy for vegetation recovery? and (2) what are the relative influences of climate and fire in controlling postfire vegetation recovery in a Siberian larch forest, a globally important but poorly understood ecosystem type? Analysis showed that the shortwave infrared (SWIR) VI is a good indicator of postfire vegetation recovery in boreal larch forests...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
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