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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142493/cervical-arterial-fibromuscular-dysplasia-in-a-biethnic-population-a-retrospective-study-in-the-u-s-mexican-border
#1
Ihtesham A Qureshi, Gustavo J Rodriguez, Tatiana Chacon-Quesada, Gavito-Higuera Jose, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Alberto Maud
Background  There have been studies trying to characterize Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD); however, most of them are based in mainly non-Hispanic sample. The objective of this study is to better understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of craniocervical FMD in the Hispanic population. Methods  We retrospectively reviewed the cerebral angiograms performed in our center in a period of 3.5 years under any indication looking for angiographic patterns of FMD. Exclusion criteria consisted of cases in which the first angiogram was done when the patients were younger than 18 years...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140767/genomic-medicine-without-borders-which-strategies-should-developing-countries-employ-to-invest-in-precision-medicine-a-new-fast-second-winner-strategy
#2
Konstantinos Mitropoulos, David N Cooper, Christina Mitropoulou, Spiros Agathos, Jürgen K V Reichardt, Fatima Al-Maskari, Wasun Chantratita, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara, Theodora Katsila, Catalina Lopez-Correa, Bassam R Ali, George P Patrinos
Genomic medicine has greatly matured in terms of its technical capabilities, but the diffusion of genomic innovations worldwide faces significant barriers beyond mere access to technology. New global development strategies are sorely needed for biotechnologies such as genomics and their applications toward precision medicine without borders. Moreover, diffusion of genomic medicine globally cannot adhere to a "one-size-fits-all-countries" development strategy, in the same way that drug treatments should be customized...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128375/is-the-pectoralis-major-tendon-a-reliable-reference-for-restoration-of-humeral-length-with-fracture-hemiarthroplasty
#3
Beom-Soo Kim, Du-Han Kim, Kwang-Soon Song, Byung-Woo Min, Ki-Cheor Bae, Chul-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: The primary objective was to calculate and to apply the numeric value of the distance from the pectoralis major tendon insertion to the superior aspect of the humeral head (PMTD) without any radiation exposure or equipment through basic data such as age, sex, height, and weight of Asian populations. METHODS: We analyzed shoulder magnetic resonance images of 260 patients (107 men and 153 women; average age, 59.8 years). The superior border of the pectoralis major was identified on the transverse section and cross-referenced with the coronal section...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120064/size-and-ultrasound-features-affecting-results-of-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-thyroid-nodules
#4
YiJie Dong, MinJing Mao, WeiWei Zhan, JianQiao Zhou, Wei Zhou, JieJie Yao, YunYun Hu, Yan Wang, TingJun Ye
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to assess the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules according to size and US features. METHODS: A retrospective correlation was made with 1745 whole thyroidectomy and hemithyroidectomy specimens with preoperative US-guided FNA results. All cases were divided into 5 groups according to nodule size (≤5, 5.1-10, 10.1-15, 15.1-20, and >20 mm). For target nodules, static images and cine clips of conventional US and color Doppler were obtained...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117103/development-and-physico-chemical-characterization-of-a-shea-butter-containing-lipid-nutrition-supplement-for-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Elizabeth M Sloffer, Shashank Gaur, Nicki J Engeseth, Juan E Andrade
Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) are used to prevent and treat moderate and severe acute malnutrition, a leading cause of mortality in children-under-five. The physical and chemical changes of two new LNS products were evaluated before and after accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT) according to protocols suggested by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Doctors without Borders and compared against USAID's A-20 paste as a control. LNS formulas containing Shea butter from the Shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), a common fat source in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, with and without flax-seed oil, as a source of omega-3 fatty acids, were developed...
November 8, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115014/impact-of-variant-microscopic-interpretation-of-the-ucyt-immunocytological-urine-test-for-the-detection-of-bladder-cancer
#6
Susanne Deininger, Tilman Todenhöfer, Jörg Hennenlotter, Valentina Gerber, Jennifer Schwarz, Jens Bedke, Christian Schwentner, Arnulf Stenzl, Steffen Rausch
BACKGROUND: Urinary marker tests for bladder cancer (BC) detection and surveillance represent a desirable approach to diagnosis and follow-up. The SCIMEDX uCyt+ assay detects antigens expressed by BC cells (mucin glycoprotein and carcinoembryonic antigen) using green and red fluorescence and is interpreted according to specific manufacturer's recommendations. In the present study, we evaluated divergent approaches of numeric and morphological analysis of uCyt+ to generate a rationale for alternative test interpretation strategies...
November 8, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107378/the-role-of-the-indoor-environment-residential-determinants-of-allergy-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-in-children-from-a-us-mexico-border-community
#7
Erik R Svendsen, Melissa Gonzales, Adwoa Commodore
The El Paso Children's Health Study examined environmental risk factors for allergy and asthma among fourth and fifth grade schoolchildren living in a major United States-Mexico border city. Complete questionnaire information was available for 5210 children, while adequate pulmonary function data were available for a subset of 1874. Herein we studied indoor environmental health risk factors for allergy and asthma. Several indoor environmental risk factors were associated with allergy and asthma. In particular, we found that ant and spider pest problems, pet dogs, fireplace heat, central air conditioning, humidifier use, and cooking with gas stoves were positively associated with both allergy and asthma prevalence...
October 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104331/experiential-avoidance-and-bordering-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-the-onset-relapse-and-maintenance-of-anxiety-disorders-one-or-many
#8
Philip Spinhoven, Albert M van Hemert, Brenda W J H Penninx
To investigate (a) the incremental predictive validity of experiential avoidance over and above bordering psychological constructs (i.e., rumination, worry, neuroticism and anxiety sensitivity) in predicting onset, relapse and maintenance of anxiety disorders; and (b) whether these related constructs can be represented by a single, higher-order latent factor with similar predictive power as the separate psychological constructs while offering a more parsimonious predictive model. Longitudinal cohort study with repeated assessments after 4 years in a sample of 2157 adults aged 18-65, consisting of 1614 persons with past or current anxiety disorder (Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia without panic) according to the Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument (CIDI) and 543 controls...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097699/clinical-evaluation-of-final-impressions-from-three-dimensional-printed-custom-trays
#9
Yuchun Sun, Hu Chen, Hong Li, Kehui Deng, Tian Zhao, Yong Wang, Yongsheng Zhou
This study aimed to evaluate the quality of the final impressions taken by three-dimensional printed custom trays for edentulous patients. Custom trays were designed with or without saddle-shaped tissue stops and fabricated by three-dimensional printing techniques. Manually made trays with photocurable materials were produced as controls. Both 3D printed custom trays and manually made ones were used to take impressions from edentulous patients. After 3D scanning of the final impression, the impression materials were removed, thus the underneath tray surfaces were able to be scanned, allowing the thickness of the impression materials to be measured...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090336/multimodal-imaging-of-linear-lesions-in-the-fundus-of-pathologic-myopic-eyes-with-macular-lesions
#10
Kuo-Chi Hung, Muh-Shy Chen, Chung-May Yang, Shih-Wen Wang, Tzyy-Chang Ho
PURPOSE: To detect, using multimodal imaging, lacquer cracks (LCs) and myopic stretch lines (MSLs) in pathologic myopic eyes with macular hemorrhage (MHE) and those without. METHODS: We collected 18 consecutive pathologic myopic eyes (spherical equivalent ≤ -8.0 diopters) that had presented with linear, yellowish-white lesions in the macula. We categorized the eyes into either the MHE group or the non-MHE group. All underwent fluorescein angiography (FA), near infrared autofluorescence (NIA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
October 31, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081372/multiphoton-microscopy-a-novel-diagnostic-method-for-solid-tumors-in-a-prospective-pediatric-oncologic-cohort-an-experimental-study
#11
Oliver J Muensterer, Sibylle Waldron, Yoon Jung Boo, Claudius Ries, Lisa Sehls, Frank Simon, Larissa Seidmann, Jérôme Birkenstock, Jan Gödeke
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of solid pediatric tumors strongly correlates with accurate staging and complete local control. Currently, surgeons rely on macroscopic cues and intraoperative cryosection to determine resection borders. Multiphoton Microscopy (MPM) is a real time technique that allows imaging of tissue without time-consuming tissue processing. PURPOSE: This pilot study evaluates the diagnostic potential of MPM in pediatric solid tumors compared to routine histopathology...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078163/migrant-deaths-at-the-arizona-mexico-border-spatial-trends-of-a-mass-disaster
#12
Alberto Giordano, M Katherine Spradley
Geographic Information Science (GIScience) technology has been used to document, investigate, and predict patterns that may be of utility in both forensic academic research and applied practice. In examining spatial and temporal trends of the mass disaster that is occurring along the U.S.-Mexico border, other researchers have highlighted predictive patterns for search and recovery efforts as well as water station placement. The purpose of this paper is to use previously collected spatial data of migrant deaths from Arizona to address issues of data uncertainty and data accuracy that affect our understanding of this phenomenon, including local and federal policies that impact the U...
August 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075647/systematic-standardized-and-individualized-assessment-of-masticatory-cycles-using-electromagnetic-3d-articulography-and-computer-scripts
#13
Ramón Fuentes, Alain Arias, María Florencia Lezcano, Diego Saravia, Gisaku Kuramochi, Fernando José Dias
Masticatory movements are studied for decades in odontology; a better understanding of them could improve dental treatments. The aim of this study was to describe an innovative, accurate, and systematic method of analyzing masticatory cycles, generating comparable quantitative data. The masticatory cycles of 5 volunteers (Class I, 19 ± 1.7 years) without articular or dental occlusion problems were evaluated using 3D electromagnetic articulography supported by MATLAB software. The method allows the trajectory morphology of the set of chewing cycles to be analyzed from different views and angles...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071559/successful-retinal-blood-flow-augmentation-after-extracranial-intracranial-bypass
#14
Tackeun Kim, Min Jai Cho, Sang Jun Park, Moon-Ku Han, Davendra Hari Ojar, Chang Wan Oh, Jae Seung Bang
A 61-year-old woman visited us with recent onset right-side weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed ischemic changes at the left internal border zone due to occlusive disease affecting the left proximal internal carotid artery. Prompt oral dual antiplatelet therapy and intravenous fluid were administered with subsequent induced hypertension and without reperfusion therapy. Although the hemiparesis was improved, she complained of a new-onset transient left-side monocular visual loss. Fluorescein angiography confirmed delayed perfusion in the left eye...
October 25, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059952/automated-ovarian-follicular-monitoring-a-novel-real-time-approach
#15
Rose T Faghih, Aaron K Styer, Emery N Brown
Ovarian follicular monitoring is an essential diagnostic tool in obstetrics and gynecology to evaluate ovarian reserve and to estimate follicular and ovarian response to fertility treatment. Given the significant time requirement, inconvenience measuring follicles and estimating follicular development during multiple examinations, and variable results of different clinicians performing monitoring, complete automation of follicular monitoring is necessary. Computerized follicle detection is currently either semi-automated or has low performance due to limiting factors: (1) noise, (2) detecting multiple follicles very close to each other as one follicle region without finding the boundary of individual follicles, and (3) not being fast enough to be used in real-time clinical practice...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054781/superselective-thalamotomy-in-the-most-lateral-part-of-the-ventralis-intermedius-nucleus-for-controlling-essential-and-parkinsonian-tremor
#16
Masafumi Hirato, Takaaki Miyagishima, Akio Takahashi, Yuhei Yoshimoto
OBJECTIVE: The minimum and essential thalamic areas for reducing tremor were investigated in cases treated by superselective thalamotomy in the most lateral part of ventralis intermedius nucleus (mlp-VIM). METHODS: Stereotactic superselective VIM thalamotomy with depth microrecording was performed in 21 patients with essential tremor (ET) and 15 patients with tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). A very small and narrow (axial plane) therapeutic lesion was formed as a square on the sagittal plane and inverse V on the axial plane in the mlp-VIM, which covered the kinesthetic response area topographically related to tremor...
October 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050828/quantification-of-right-ventricular-size-and-function-from-contrast-enhanced-three-dimensional-echocardiographic-images
#17
Diego Medvedofsky, Victor Mor-Avi, Eric Kruse, Brittney Guile, Boguslawa Ciszek, Lynn Weinert, Megan Yamat, Valentina Volpato, Karima Addetia, Amit R Patel, Roberto M Lang
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography directly assesses right ventricular (RV) volumes without geometric assumptions, despite the complex shape of the right ventricle, and accordingly is more accurate and reproducible than the two-dimensional methodology, which is able to measure only surrogate parameters of RV function. Volumetric analysis has been hampered by frequent inability to clearly visualize RV endocardium, especially the RV free wall, in 3D echocardiographic images...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049171/convex-border-of-peripheral-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-on-ct-images-as-a-potential-indicator-of-pleural-invasion
#18
Jui-Sheng Hsu, Twei-Shiun Jaw, Chih-Jen Yang, Shiou-Fu Lin, Ming-Chen Paul Shih, Shah-Hwa Chou, Inn-Wen Chong, Ming-Yen Lin, I-Chan Chiang
The aim of the study is to evaluate the use of the tumor border in peripheral non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as an indicator of pleural invasion.This retrospective study was performed at a single tertiary center. The analysis of 136 patients with peripheral NSCLC included 101 (74.3%) patients with pathologically proven pleural invasion and 35 (25.7%) patients without pleural invasion. The tumor borders on conventional computed tomography (CT) were classified into 5 types on lung window setting: type 1, S or reverse S border with a blunt angle; type 2, sharp angle; type 3, concave border with a blunt angle; type 4, straight border with a perpendicular angle; and type 5, convex border with a perpendicular or blunt angle...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#19
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046602/surveillance-at-sea-the-transactional-politics-of-border-control-in-the-aegean
#20
Huub Dijstelbloem, Rogier van Reekum, Willem Schinkel
The relationship between vision and action is a key element of both practices and conceptualizations of border surveillance in Europe. This article engages with what we call the 'operative vision' of surveillance at sea, specifically as performed by the border control apparatus in the Aegean. We analyse the political consequences of this operative vision by elaborating on three examples of fieldwork conducted in the Aegean and on the islands of Chios and Lesbos. One of the main aims is to bring the figure of the migrant back into the study of border technologies...
June 2017: Secur Dialogue
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