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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785463/the-north-american-forest-database-going-beyond-national-level-forest-resource-assessment-statistics
#1
W Brad Smith, Rubí Angélica Cuenca Lara, Carina Edith Delgado Caballero, Carlos Isaías Godínez Valdivia, Joseph S Kapron, Juan Carlos Leyva Reyes, Carmen Lourdes Meneses Tovar, Patrick D Miles, Sonja N Oswalt, Mayra Ramírez Salgado, Xilong Alex Song, Graham Stinson, Sergio Armando Villela Gaytán
Forests cannot be managed sustainably without reliable data to inform decisions. National Forest Inventories (NFI) tend to report national statistics, with sub-national stratification based on domestic ecological classification systems. It is becoming increasingly important to be able to report statistics on ecosystems that span international borders, as global change and globalization expand stakeholders' spheres of concern. The state of a transnational ecosystem can only be properly assessed by examining the entire ecosystem...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785181/on-using-a-mobile-application-to-support-teledermatology-a-case-study-in-an-underprivileged-area-in-colombia
#2
Juan Pablo Sáenz, Mónica Paola Novoa, Darío Correal, Bell Raj Eapen
Background: The use of mobile applications in dermatology to support remote diagnosis is gaining acceptance, particularly in rural areas, where dermatology services are commonly managed by healthcare personnel with no specialty training. Moreover, ontologies-sets of concepts that represent knowledge in a given domain-are increasingly being used to support medical diagnosis. A specific case is ONTODerm: an ontology to aid dermatological diagnosis. However, there is little information on the combined use of mobile applications and ontologies as support solutions in dermatology...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784716/what-s-happening-in-without-borders
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783804/-acquired-cystic-kidney-disease-associated-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-three-cases
#4
W Zhang, L L Xu, W J Yu, Q Wang, Y X Jiang, Y Liu, Y J Li
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical (IHC), histogenetic and prognostic features of acquired cystic kidney disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACKD-RCC). Methods: Three cases of ACKD-RCC, including two from 401 Hospital of PLA and one from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were studied by clinical, histological and IHC analysis with review of relevant literature. Results: All the three patients were male, ranging from 46 to 78 years old. All patients had history of chronic renal failure; two patients were treated with hemodialysis for 9 years and 11 years, respectively...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783066/safe-needle-approach-for-examination-of-the-rhomboid-major
#5
Ki Hoon Kim, Goo Young Kim, Seong Gyu Lim, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim
BACKGROUND: Safe and accurate needle access to the rhomboid major (RM) during electromyography is challenging due to the overlying trapezius muscle and the risk of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the RM anatomy associated with the trapezius using ultrasonography and to determine a safe and accurate needle insertion point for needle electromyography of the RM. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Department of physical medicine and rehabilitation of a tertiary clinic center PARTICIPANTS: Participants between 23 and 71 years of age without any diseases (N=25; 13 men, 12 women; 50 scapulae) were included...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782846/abnormal-small-intestinal-epithelial-microvilli-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#6
Kelli L VanDussen, Aleksandar Stojmirović, Katherine Li, Ta-Chiang Liu, Patrick K Kimes, Brian D Muegge, Katherine F Simpson, Matthew A Ciorba, Jacqueline G Perrigoue, Joshua R Friedman, Jennifer E Towne, Richard D Head, Thaddeus S Stappenbeck
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Crohn's disease (CD) presents as chronic and often progressive intestinal inflammation, but the contributing pathogenic mechanisms are unclear. We aimed to identify alterations in intestinal cells that could contribute to the chronic and progressive course of CD. METHODS: We took an unbiased, system-wide approach, performing sequence analysis of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded ileal tissue sections from patients with CD (n=36) and without CD (controls, n=32)...
May 18, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779776/rd-rio-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-lineage-in-the-brazil-paraguay-argentina-triple-border
#7
Aryadne Larissa de Almeida, Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro, Hayalla Corrêa de Carvalho, Giovana Ferreira Costacurta, Vanessa Pietrowski Baldin, Nathally Claudiane Souza Santos, Luciana Dias Ghiraldi-Lopes, Paula Aline Zanetti Campanerut-Sá, Vera Lucia Dias Siqueira, Katiany Rizzieri Caleffi-Ferracioli, Flávia Kazumi Shibata, Andressa Sprada, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso
The high tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates, the closeness of the cities and the high migration flux on the Brazil/Paraguay/Argentina border deserves an in-depth study, using Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit (MIRU) and Spoligotyping genetic markers to explore the impact of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis RDRio lineage on disease transmission and resistance to anti-TB drugs in this setting. Although without the totality of M. tuberculosis isolates causing TB in this studied setting, a number of 97 isolates obtained from sputa samples culture of patients with confirmed TB, from 2013 to 2015, were submitted to 24 loci MIRU, Spoligotyping, detection of RDRio lineage and detection of mutation related to isoniazid and rifampicin resistance by MTBDRplus/DNA STRIP...
May 2018: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774260/can-the-uk-s-birth-registration-system-better-serve-the-interests-of-those-born-following-collaborative-assisted-reproduction
#8
Marilyn A Crawshaw, Eric D Blyth, Julia Feast
Current birth registration systems fail to serve adequately the interests of those born as a result of gamete and embryo donation and surrogacy. In the UK, changes to the birth registration system have been piecemeal, reactive and situation-specific and no information is recorded about gamete donors. Birth registration has thereby become a statement of legal parentage and citizenship only, without debate as to whether it should serve any wider functions. This sits uneasily with the increasingly accepted human right to know one's genetic and gestational as well as legal parents, and the duty of the State to facilitate that right...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774076/the-human-somatostatin-receptor-type-2-as-an-imaging-and-suicide-reporter-gene-for-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-therapy-of-myocardial-infarction
#9
Katrien Neyrinck, Natacha Breuls, Bryan Holvoet, Wouter Oosterlinck, Esther Wolfs, Hubert Vanbilloen, Olivier Gheysens, Robin Duelen, Willy Gsell, Ivo Lambrichts, Uwe Himmelreich, Catherine M Verfaillie, Maurilio Sampaolesi, Christophe M Deroose
Rationale: Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are being investigated as a cell source for regenerative medicine since they provide an infinitive pool of cells that are able to differentiate towards every cell type of the body. One possible therapeutic application involves the use of these cells to treat myocardial infarction (MI), a condition where billions of cardiomyocytes (CMs) are lost. Although several protocols have been developed to differentiate PSCs towards CMs, none of these provide a completely pure population, thereby still posing a risk for neoplastic teratoma formation...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768865/preparation-of-porous-zno-sheet-in-aniline-water-mixed-solvents-and-its-application
#10
Zhenzhao Pei, Xianlong Zheng, Zhiguo Li, Meixia Li, Pei Wang, Zihao Chen
In this paper, porous ZnO sheet with an average pore size of 14.7 nm had been successfully prepared via mixed solvent thermal method without any surfactants. The mixed solvents were made up of water and aniline. The effect of calcination temperature on the structure was investigated. The results showed that when the calcination temperature was 350 °C, the porous structure formed and the borders of the as-formed porous structure sheets were heavily regular and straight. The photocatalytic properties of products were studied through detecting the degradation efficiency of RhB under the 500 W mercury lamp irradiation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761784/ripply2-recruits-proteasome-complex-for-tbx6-degradation-to-define-segment-border-during-murine-somitogenesis
#11
Wei Zhao, Masayuki Oginuma, Rieko Ajima, Makoto Kiso, Akemi Okubo, Yumiko Saga
The metameric structure in vertebrates is based on the periodic formation of somites from the anterior end of the presomitic mesoderm (PSM). The segmentation boundary is defined by the Tbx6 expression domain, whose anterior limit is determined by Tbx6 protein destabilization via Ripply2. However, the molecular mechanism of this process is poorly understood. Here, we show that Ripply2 directly binds to Tbx6 in cultured cells without changing the stability of Tbx6, indicating an unknown mechanism for Tbx6 degradation in vivo...
May 15, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759616/spatial-relationships-of-complex-fractionated-atrial-electrograms-and-continuous-electrical-activity-to-focal-electrical-sources-implications-for-substrate-ablation-in-human-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Simon Kochhäuser, Atul Verma, Rupin Dalvi, Adrian Suszko, Pouria Alipour, Prashanthan Sanders, Jean Champagne, Laurent Macle, Girish M Nair, Hugh Calkins, David J Wilber, Vijay S Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the spatial relationships of focal electrical sources (FSs) to complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) and continuous electrical activity (CEA). BACKGROUND: Fractionated atrial electrograms have been associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers in computational studies and represent ablation targets in the management of persistent AF. METHODS: We included a subset of 66 patients (age: 63 [56, 67] years, 69% persistent AF) with electroanatomic data from the SELECT AF (Selective complex fractionated atrial electrograms targeting for atrial fibrillation) randomized control trial that compared the efficacy of CFAE with CEA ablation in AF patients undergoing pulmonary vein antral ablation...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757873/management-of-vertebral-metastasis-in-patients-with-uterine-cervical-cancer
#13
Mustafa Kocaer, Varol Gülseren, İsa Aykut Özdemir, Özgü Güngördük, Emre Merter Mart, Muzaffer Sanci, Kemal Güngördük
AIM: We sought to identify risk factors and management options for uterine cervical cancer (UCC) patients with a vertebral metastasis (VM) treated over the course of 23 years. METHODS: Among 844 UCC patients, 18 were diagnosed with a VM. Thirty-six control patients with UCC but without recurrence were matched to these 18 in terms of stage and histological tumor type using a dependent random sampling method. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors prognostic of VM; the results are presented as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756609/impact-of-resection-margin-status-on-oncological-outcomes-after-co2-laser-cordectomy
#14
P Aluffi Valletti, F Taranto, A Chiesa, F Pia, G Valente
The management of positive resection margins in micro-endoscopic glottic laser surgery remains a controversial and critical point. This study aims to assess the impact of margin status after transoral laser surgery on local control, survival and organ preservation rates; the decision-making process and treatment options in cases with positive margins are also discussed. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and histological records of 308 consecutive patients with primary early glottic carcinoma (T1a, T1b, selected T2) and treated with endoscopic laser cordectomy...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756105/non-operative-management-of-abdominal-gunshot-injuries-is-it-safe-in-all-cases
#15
Nidal İflazoğlu, Orhan Üreyen, Osman Zekai Öner, Ulvi Mehmet Meral, Murat Yülüklü
Objective: In line with advances in diagnostic methods and expectation of a decrease in the number of negative laparotomies, selective non-operative management of abdominal gunshot wounds has been increasingly used over the last three decades. We aim to detect the possibility of treatment without surgery and present our experience in selected cases referred from Syria to a hospital at the Turkish-Syrian border. Material and Methods: Between February 2012 and June 2014, patients admitted with abdominal gunshot wounds were analyzed...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743214/advancing-primary-care-through-alternative-payment-models-lessons-from-the-united-states-canada
#16
Andrew Bazemore, Robert L Phillips, Richard Glazier, Joshua Tepper
The United States and Canada share high costs, poor health system performance, and challenges to the transformation of primary care, in part due to the limitations of their fee-for-service payment models. Rapidly advancing alternative payment models (APMs) in both countries promise better support for the essential tasks of primary care. These include interdisciplinary teams, care coordination, self-management support, and ongoing communication. This article reviews learnings from a 2017 binational symposium of 150 experts in policy and research that included a discussion of ongoing APM experiments in the United States and Canada...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742871/the-effect-of-abo-blood-groups-hemoglobinopathy-and-heme-oxygenase-1-polymorphisms-on-malaria-susceptibility-and-severity
#17
Jiraporn Kuesap, Kesara Na-Bangchang
Malaria is one of the most important public health problems in tropical areas on the globe. Several factors are associated with susceptibility to malaria and disease severity, including innate immunity such as blood group, hemoglobinopathy, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) polymorphisms. This study was carried out to investigate association among ABO blood group, thalassemia types and HO-1 polymorphisms in malaria. The malarial blood samples were collected from patients along the Thai-Myanmar border. Determination of ABO blood group, thalassemia variants, and HO-1 polymorphisms were performed using agglutination test, low pressure liquid chromatography and polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739644/evaluation-of-choroid-plexus-with-fetal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-what-happens-in-ventriculomegaly
#18
Sila Ulus, Cem Turam, Deniz Mutlu, Ipek Inal Kaleli, Mert Kocak, Umit Aksoy Ozcan
OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis of ventriculomegaly (VM) and identification of choroid plexus (CP) can be challenging with fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Our aim is to create an adjunct method for supporting the diagnosis of VM by investigating the CP-ventricular wall separation distance in fetuses with and without VM (nV) with fetal MRI. METHODS: T2-weighted fetal MRIs of 154 fetuses were retrospectively evaluated. The CP separation was defined as the distance between the medial wall of the dependent ventricle and distal tip of the CP glomus...
May 5, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734600/integration-of-models-of-various-types-of-aquifers-for-water-quality-management-in-the-transboundary-area-of-the-so%C3%A4-a-isonzo-river-basin-slovenia-italy
#19
Goran Vižintin, Nataša Ravbar, Jože Janež, Eva Koren, Naško Janež, Luca Zini, Francesco Treu, Metka Petrič
Due to intrinsic characteristics of aquifers groundwater frequently passes between various types of aquifers without hindrance. The complex connection of underground water paths enables flow regardless of administrative boundaries. This can cause problems in water resources management. Numerical modelling is an important tool for the understanding, interpretation and management of aquifers. Useful and reliable methods of numerical modelling differ with regard to the type of aquifer, but their connections in a single hydrodynamic model are rare...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728968/protective-effect-of-carnosine-and-n-acetylcysteine-against-sodium-nitrite-induced-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-rat-intestine
#20
Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Aijaz Ahmed Khan, Riaz Mahmood
The widespread use of sodium nitrite (NaNO2 ) as food preservative, rampant use of nitrogenous fertilizers for agricultural practices, and improper disposal of nitrogenous wastes have drastically increased human exposure to high nitrite levels causing various health disorders and death. In the present study, the protective effect of carnosine and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against NaNO2 -induced intestinal toxicity in rats was investigated. Animals were given a single acute oral dose of NaNO2 at 60 mg/kg body weight with or without prior administration of either carnosine at 100 mg/kg body weight/day for 7 days or NAC at 100 mg/kg body weight/day for 5 days...
May 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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