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Injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105481/-thoracic-injuries-in-severely-injured-children-association-with-increased-injury-severity-and-a-higher-number-of-complications
#1
Philipp Störmann, Julia Nadine Weber, Heike Jakob, Ingo Marzi, Dorien Schneidmueller
BACKGROUND: Severely injured children and adolescents in clinical practice are rare. For adequate treatment of these patients, detailed knowledge of anatomical and physiological peculiarities, as well as abundant injury patterns, are indispensable. Traumatic brain injuries are known to lead to an unfavorable outcome. In addition, thoracic trauma is regarded as prognostically unfavorable. OBJECTIVES: This study depicts epidemiology and injury patterns of severely injured children and adolescents focusing on peculiarities in the severely injured with associated thoracic injuries...
January 19, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097520/extremity-fractures-associated-with-atvs-and-dirt-bikes-a-10-year-national-epidemiologic-study
#2
D J Lombardo, T Jelsema, A Gambone, M Weisman, G Petersen-Fitts, J D Whaley, V J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality of all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes have been studied, as well as the association of helmet use and head injury. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the patterns of extremity fractures associated with ATVs and dirt bikes. We believe there will be unique and potentially preventable injury patterns associated with dirt bikes and three-wheeled ATVs due to the poor stability of these vehicles...
January 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095142/epidemiology-of-national-collegiate-athletic-association-women-s-lacrosse-injuries-2009-10-through-2014-15
#3
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Shane V Caswell, David A Klossner, Nina Walker, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Participation in collegiate women's lacrosse has increased dramatically, but little recent epidemiological data exists regarding injuries. OBJECTIVE: Describe the epidemiology of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) women's lacrosse injuries during the 2009-10 through 2014-15 academic years. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from 40 women's lacrosse programs providing 83 team-seasons of data. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Collegiate women's lacrosse student-athletes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091929/perception-of-injury-risk-among-amateur-muay-thai-fighters
#4
Stephen Strotmeyer, Reidar P Lystad
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a style of kickboxing that allows full-contact blows to an unprotected head, torso and legs, and, as in any combat sport, there is an inherent risk of injury. Previous observational studies have shown there is a substantial risk of injury in competitive kickboxing. None of these studies, however, have investigated the potential role of psychological risk factors and, consequently, little is known about the perception of injury risk among these athletes. Notwithstanding the important role risk perception may play in the occurrence and prevention of sports injuries, there is very limited empirical data pertaining to athletes in full-contact combat sports such as Muay Thai...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091809/a-review-of-penetrating-brain-trauma-epidemiology-pathophysiology-imaging-assessment-complications-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Mona T Vakil, Ajay K Singh
Gunshot injuries are the most common cause of penetrating brain injury (PBI) and carry a high morbidity and mortality. The incidence of PBI has increased over the last decade with an estimated 35,000 civilian deaths annually. Patients that survive to reach the hospital require rapid triage and imaging evaluation. CT findings in conjunction with the Glasgow Coma Scale are typically used to determine which patients are surgical candidates. Radiologists should be familiar with the various injury patterns and imaging findings which are poor prognostic indicators, notably brainstem, bilateral hemispheric, multilobar, or transventricular injuries...
January 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088932/trauma-of-the-globe-state-of-art-in-global-and-in-china
#6
Zhuo Chen, Shi-Ming Li
Current states of traumatic eye injury are reviewed in terms of epidemiology in the developing countries and developed countries, causes of the trauma, eye injury types, traumatic eye injury diagnostic methods and treatments. Trauma-caused vision-threatening conditions such as open global injury, traumatic optic neuropathy and proliferative vitreoretinopathy are particularly discussed. Also the most updated clinic research in China as Eye Injury Vitrectomy Study is discussed. At the end, the current achievements and research in traumatic eye injury in the world are summerized...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088326/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-tropical-infectious-diseases-and-animal-venoms-a-tale-of-2-continents
#7
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Burdmann, Vivekanand Jha
South and Southeast Asia and Latin American together comprise 46 countries and are home to approximately 40% of the world population. The sociopolitical and economic heterogeneity, tropical climate, and malady transitions characteristic of the region strongly influence disease behavior and health care delivery. Acute kidney injury epidemiology mirrors these inequalities. In addition to hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in tertiary care centers, these countries face a large preventable burden of community-acquired acute kidney injury secondary to tropical infectious diseases or animal venoms, affecting previously healthy young individuals...
January 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088183/incidence-aetiology-and-outcome-of-community-acquired-acute-kidney-injury-in-medical-admissions-in-malawi
#8
Rhys D R Evans, Ulla Hemmilä, Alison Craik, Mwayi Mtekateka, Fergus Hamilton, Zuze Kawale, Christopher J Kirwan, Hamish Dobbie, Gavin Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) from low-income countries is sparse. The aim of this study was to establish the incidence, severity, aetiology, and outcomes of community-acquired AKI in Malawi. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of general medical admissions to a tertiary hospital in Blantyre between 27(th) April and 17(th) July 2015. All patients were screened on admission with a serum creatinine; those with creatinine above laboratory reference range were managed by the nephrology team...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076834/risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Tao Xu, Xinyuan Yu, Shu Ou, Xi Liu, Jinxian Yuan, Hao Huang, Juan Yang, Liang He, Yangmei Chen
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify risk factors for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). METHODS: Two electronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched to identify studies with a cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional design reporting on epidemiologic evidence regarding risk factors for PTE. RESULTS: Men had a higher risk of developing PTE than women [relative ratio (RR), 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1...
January 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076399/epidemiology-of-injury-related-death-in-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-hunan-province-china-2009-2014
#10
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Li Liping, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Hua
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications. METHODS: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. All specific injury mortality and mortality rates in urban and rural area were calculated from census data; Cochran-armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072669/swimming-pool-electrical-injuries-steps-toward-prevention
#11
Jun Tashiro, Cathy A Burnweit
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injuries in swimming pools are an important pediatric public health concern. We sought to (1) improve our understanding of the clinical presentation and outcomes following and (2) describe the epidemiology of swimming pool electrical injuries in the United States. METHODS: We reviewed 4 cases of pediatric (<18 y old) electrical injury from a single, urban level 1 pediatric trauma center. We also queried the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) for emergency department visits due to electrical injury associated with swimming pools, occurring between 1991 and 2013...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071980/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-nervous-system-injury-epidemiological-correlates
#12
Giovanna Ricci, Isabel Pirillo, Daniele Tomassoni, Ascanio Sirignano, Iolanda Grappasonni
: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common and complex disorder combining hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. MetS represents a risk factor for changes in cognitive functions in older age, and several studies have suggested that MetS may be linked to dementia. This article reviews the main evidences about the relationship between MetS and neurodegenerative disease. Starting from an epidemiological point of view, the article analyzes medico-social aspects related to MetS, considering the reduction of work capacity and the condition of disability that it involves...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070214/youth-traffic-related-injuries-a-prospective-study
#13
Michal Grivna, Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Traffic-related injuries are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality of the youth. Our aim was to study epidemiology, risk factors and outcome of hospitalized youth patients injured in road traffic collisions in order to give recommendations for prevention. METHODS: We prospectively studied all youth (15-24 years) patients having traffic-related injuries who were admitted to Al Ain or Tawam Hospitals, Al Ain City, or who died after arrival to these hospitals during an 18 months period...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070148/comparison-of-the-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-traumatic-and-nontraumatic-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Takeshi Teratani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic and nontraumatic rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with traumatic and 46 with nontraumatic rotator cuff tears were included. RESULTS: The rate of injury to the long head of the biceps was significantly higher in the traumatic group. Preoperative active forward elevation was significantly lower in the traumatic group...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068405/head-injury-as-a-risk-factor-for-dementia-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-32-observational-studies
#15
Yanjun Li, Yongming Li, Xiaotao Li, Shuang Zhang, Jincheng Zhao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Guozhong Tian
BACKGROUND: Head injury is reported to be associated with increased risks of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in many but not all the epidemiological studies. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the relative effect of head injury on dementia and AD risks. METHODS: Relevant cohort and case-control studies published between Jan 1, 1990, and Mar 31, 2015 were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. We used the random-effect model in this meta-analysis to take into account heterogeneity among studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068163/description-and-rate-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-air-force-basic-military-trainees-2012-2014
#16
Nathaniel S Nye, Mary T Pawlak, Bryant J Webber, Juste N Tchandja, Michelle R Milner
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects. OBJECTIVE:  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features. SETTING:  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067964/cardiovascular-consequences-of-binge-drinking-an-integrative-review-with-implications-for-advocacy-policy-and-research
#17
Mariann R Piano, Adriana Mazzuco, Minkyung Kang, Shane A Phillips
Worldwide, binge drinking is a major public health problem. The popularized health risks associated with binge drinking include physical injury and motor vehicle crashes; less attention has been given to the negative effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system. The primary aims of this review were to provide a summary of the adverse effects of binge drinking on the risk and development of CV disease and to review potential pathophysiologic mechanisms. Using specific inclusion criteria, an integrative review was conducted that included data from human experimental, prospective cross-sectional, and cohort epidemiological studies that examined the association between binge drinking and CV conditions such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, and arrhythmias...
January 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065636/neuroprotection-and-neurotoxicity-in-the-developing-brain-an-update-on-the-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-and-xenon
#18
Azeem Alam, Ka Chun Suen, Zac Hana, Robert D Sanders, Mervyn Maze, Daqing Ma
Growing and consistent preclinical evidence, combined with early clinical epidemiological observations, suggest potentially neurotoxic effects of commonly used anesthetic agents in the developing brain. This has prompted the FDA to issue a safety warning for all sedatives and anesthetics approved for use in children under three years of age. Recent studies have identified dexmedetomidine, the potent α2-adrenoceptor agonist, and xenon, the noble gas, as effective anesthetic adjuvants that are both less neurotoxic to the developing brain, and also possess neuroprotective properties in neonatal and other settings of acute ongoing neurologic injury...
January 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062872/hepatotoxicity-by-herbs-a-practical-review-of-a-neglected-disease
#19
Jean A Donet, Kay Sornmayura, Matthew Gulau, Eugene Schiff
Herbs are commonly used worldwide for the treatment of various diseases, constituting a multi-billion dollar market. Unfortunately, hepatotoxicity induced by herbs is also common. The true incidence and prevalence are not known. There is need for more strict regulations andexperimental and pre-clinical studies regarding its efficacy and safety. There is no gold standard for the diagnosis of herbs-induced liver injury (HILI) and it constitutes a diagnostic challenge for the clinician, whereestablishing causality could be cumbersome...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060743/2017-update-on-the-relationship-between-diabetes-and-colorectal-cancer-epidemiology-potential-molecular-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-implications
#20
REVIEW
Nieves González, Isabel Prieto, Laura Del Puerto-Nevado, Sergio Portal-Nuñez, Juan Antonio Ardura, Marta Corton, Beatriz Fernández-Fernández, Oscar Aguilera, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero, Sebastián Mas, Juan Antonio Moreno, Marta Ruiz-Ortega, Ana Belen Sanz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Federico Rojo, Fernando Vivanco, Pedro Esbrit, Carmen Ayuso, Gloria Alvarez-Llamas, Jesús Egido, Jesús García-Foncillas, Alberto Ortiz, Diabetes Cancer Connect Consortium
Worldwide deaths from diabetes mellitus (DM) and colorectal cancer increased by 90% and 57%, respectively, over the past 20 years. The risk of colorectal cancer was estimated to be 27% higher in patients with type 2 DM than in non-diabetic controls. However, there are potential confounders, information from lower income countries is scarce, across the globe there is no correlation between DM prevalence and colorectal cancer incidence and the association has evolved over time, suggesting the impact of additional environmental factors...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
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