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Injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323524/comparison-of-two-predictive-models-for-short-term-mortality-in-patients-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Klara Julia Kesmarky, Cécile Delhumeau, Marie Zenobi, Bernhard Walder
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the abbreviated injury score of the head region (HAIS) are validated prognostic factors in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic performance of an alternative predictive model including motor GCS, pupillary reactivity, age, HAIS, and presence of multi-trauma for short term mortality with a reference predictive model including motor GCS, pupil reaction and age (IMPACT core model). A secondary analysis of a prospective epidemiological cohort study in Switzerland including patients after severe TBI (HAIS >3) with the outcome death at 14 days was performed...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323463/injury-mortality-in-individuals-with-autism
#2
Joseph Guan, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine epidemiological patterns of injury fatalities in individuals with a diagnosis of autism. METHODS: We identified individuals with a diagnosis of autism who died between 1999 and 2014 by screening causes of death in the multiple cause-of-death data files in the National Vital Statistics System based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, code F84.0. We used the general US population as the reference to calculate proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319530/oral-chemical-burns-reported-to-the-poisons-information-centre-in-erfurt-germany-from-1997-to-2014
#3
Juliane Nehrlich, Hans-Peter Klöcking, Helmut Hentschel, Amelie Lupp
Devastating oral burns often followed by lifelong complications can result from ingestion of caustic substances. However, although being one of the most challenging situations in clinical practice, literature data on the epidemiology of oral burns are still scarce. Retrospective analysis of all cases of oral burns after ingestion of corrosive substances reported to the Poisons Information Centre in Erfurt, Germany, from 1997 to 2014 was performed. In total, 482 calls because of oral burns were registered, with no change in the numbers of cases during the years...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#4
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#5
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Thomas J Kopec, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315191/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common mental health threat among adolescents. This review aims to present the current literature on epidemiology, etiology, and therapeutic approaches with a focus on the period of adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: NSSI is widespread among adolescents both in community as well as in clinical settings with lifetime prevalence rates between 17 and 60% in recent studies. It is influenced by multiple factors including social contagion, interpersonal stressors, neurobiological background, as well as emotional dysregulation and adverse experiences in childhood...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314862/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-returning-soldiers-a-cohort-study
#7
Karen Schwab, Heidi P Terrio, Lisa A Brenner, Renee M Pazdan, Henry P McMillan, Margaret MacDonald, Sidney R Hinds, Ann I Scher
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; concussion) is common in returning service members yet limited definitive evidence exists on its prognosis. METHODS: Almost 25,000 non-medically evacuated soldiers returning from Afghanistan or Iraq to 2 military bases between 2009 and 2014 were screened for mTBI. We invited a random sample to participate in the present study, oversampling those screening positive, resulting in 557 mTBI cases and 1,010 controls, of whom 366 cases and 599 controls completed 3-month follow-up evaluations...
March 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314415/epidemiology-of-facial-injuries-in-sport
#8
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Paul H Eliason, Declan A Patton, Carolyn A Emery
Facial injuries can pose a large health burden for athletes, potentially resulting in time loss and surgery. This article reviews the incidence, common mechanisms, and risk factors of facial injuries in several sports globally. Estimates of facial injury rates are complicated by a lack of, or inconsistent, reporting on specific types of injury. Much of the epidemiologic literature is based on hospital-based injury surveillance and there is a paucity of literature examining sport-specific risk factors. Future research should focus on prospective injury surveillance methodologies with consistent injury definitions examining risk factors and the effectiveness of facial injury prevention efforts...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306628/pediatric-spinal-cord-injury-without-radiographic-abnormality-in-the-era-of-advanced-imaging
#9
Caitlin A Farrell, Megan Hannon, Lois K Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review describes the current evidence on pediatric spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) with attention to the definition, epidemiology, and clinical presentation of the condition, as well as common MRI findings, management strategies, and outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature demonstrates that with more widespread MRI use, our understanding of SCIWORA has improved. The new literature, although still limited, provides a more granular conceptualization of patterns of injury as well as potential prognostic stratification of patients based on MRI findings...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303771/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-single-center-study
#10
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan VandeWalle
BACKGROUND: Information on the epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in children is scarce. We performed a single center retrospective cohort study to analyze the incidence of AKI, the male/female ratio, the underlying etiology, and age at presentation. We also aimed to assess outcome measured by mortality, duration of PICU stay, and development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Records were searched for children presenting with or developing AKI between 1st January 2008 and 1st January 2015...
March 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303073/acute-kidney-injury-definition-pathophysiology-and-clinical-phenotypes
#11
REVIEW
Konstantinos Makris, Loukia Spanou
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical syndrome that complicates the course and worsens the outcome in a significant number of hospitalised patients. Recent advances in clinical and basic research will help with a more accurate definition of this syndrome and in the elucidation of its pathogenesis. With this knowledge we will be able to conduct more accurate epidemiologic studies in an effort to gain a better understanding of the impact of this syndrome. AKI is a syndrome that rarely has a sole and distinct pathophysiology...
May 2016: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302902/risk-of-febuxostat-associated-myopathy-in-patients-with-ckd
#12
Chung-Te Liu, Chun-You Chen, Chien-Yi Hsu, Po-Hsun Huang, Feng-Yen Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Febuxostat, a nonpurine xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is widely used to treat hyperuricemia. Although febuxostat-associated rhabdomyolysis was reported in some patients with CKD, the association between CKD and febuxostat-associated myopathy remains uncertain. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Our retrospective cohort study included 1332 patients using febuxostat in Taipei Medical University-Wanfang Hospital from February of 2014 to January of 2016...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298379/forensic-investigation-into-a-death-post-traumatic-amnesia-in-a-worker-with-a-work-related-head-injury-sustained-in-a-coal-fired-thermal-power-plant-in-india
#13
Venkiteswaran Muralidhar
This is the first reported case of a work-related head injury in a coal-fired thermal power plant in India. This case highlights the trend of not reporting work injuries due to fears of reprisal from the management team that may include the termination of employment. Post-traumatic amnesia in a worker presenting with head trauma must be recognised by coworkers, so the cause of injury can be elicited early and the victim gets timely medical help. There are few published studies on work-related traumatic brain injury, and they provide no information on either anatomical localisation or signs and symptoms...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298067/incidence-of-second-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-1990-2000-and-associated-factors-by-geographic-locale
#14
Nathan D Schilaty, Nathaniel A Bates, Thomas L Sanders, Aaron J Krych, Michael J Stuart, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears after reconstruction occur at a reported rate of 20% to 30%. This high frequency indicates that there may be factors that predispose an athlete to graft failure and ACL tears of the contralateral knee. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of second ACL injuries in a geographic population-based cohort over a 10-year observation period. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes relevant to the diagnosis of an ACL tear and the procedure code for ACL reconstruction were searched across the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a multidisciplinary county database, between the years of 1990 and 2000...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#15
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-;loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297631/an-examination-of-suicide-research-and-funding-in-new-zealand-2006-16-implications-for-new-research-and-policies
#16
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
Objective Suicide is a significant public health problem in New Zealand, with the youth suicide rate being one of the highest among developed countries. Increased suicide rates in recent years suggest that the evidence base and research priorities for New Zealand suicide prevention need to be reassessed. To inform policy development, the aim of the present study was to evaluate all peer-reviewed New Zealand published suicide research and major grant allocations from 2006 to 2016.Methods The methodology duplicated a recent Australian review of suicide prevention research and funding...
March 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296786/association-between-macular-degeneration-and-mild-to-moderate-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#17
Chun-Yu Chen, Ciou-Sia Dai, Chin-Chan Lee, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Ting-Shuo Huang, Ling Yeung, Chi-Chin Sun, Huang-Yu Yang, I-Wen Wu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and macular degeneration (MD) are 2 grave diseases leading to significant disability secondary to renal failure and blindness. The 2 diseases share not only common risk factors but also similar pathogenic mechanisms to renal and retinal injuries. Previous epidemiological studies indicated association between these 2 diseases. However, this concept is challenged by recent investigations. Patients with mild to moderate CKD (n = 30,696) between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2005 were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290470/descriptive-study-of-earthquake-related-spinal-cord-injury-in-nepal
#18
C C Groves, M K Poudel, M Baniya, C Rana, D R House
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological features of spinal cord injury (SCI) following the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal. SETTING: Spinal Injury Rehabilitation Centre, Kavre, Nepal. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of all earthquake-related patients seen from 25 April 2015 through to 16 June 2016. Data collected included patient demographics, mechanism of injury, initial medical treatment, neurological assessment, complications, neurological/functional outcomes and length of stay...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290466/incidence-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-czech-republic-a-prospective-epidemiological-study-2006-2015
#19
J Kriz, M Kulakovska, H Davidova, M Silova, A Kobesova
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of epidemiological data about acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Czech Republic over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A data collection system was implemented in the rehabilitation centres which provides care to patients with acute SCI in the Czech Republic. The recorded variables are as follows: age at time of SCI; gender; cause of injury; neurological level of injury (NLI); and its severity (ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS))...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290394/a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-research-on-traumatic-brain-injury-in-india
#20
Benjamin B Massenburg, Deepa K Veetil, Nakul P Raykar, Amit Agrawal, Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin
INTRODUCTION: Over a quarter of the world's trauma deaths occur in India, with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as the leading cause of death and disability within trauma. With little known about TBI in India, we set out to do a systematic review to characterize the quantitative literature on TBI in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases were searched from their inception to December 31, 2015: PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and the World Health Organization's Global Health Library, using the keywords: neurotrauma, brain injury, traumatic brain injury, TBI, head injury, and India...
March 2017: Neurology India
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