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Injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549024/the-epidemiology-of-hospital-death-following-pediatric-severe-sepsis-when-why-and-how-children-with-sepsis-die
#1
Scott L Weiss, Fran Balamuth, Josey Hensley, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jenny Bush, Vinay M Nadkarni, Neal J Thomas, Mark Hall, Jennifer Muszynski
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of in-hospital death after pediatric sepsis has not been well characterized. We investigated the timing, cause, mode, and attribution of death in children with severe sepsis, hypothesizing that refractory shock leading to early death is rare in the current era. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments and ICUs at two academic children's hospitals. PATIENTS: Seventy-nine patients less than 18 years old treated for severe sepsis/septic shock in 2012-2013 who died prior to hospital discharge...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547586/both-isolated-and-multi-ligament-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-results-in-improved-subjective-outcome-results-from-the-danish-knee-ligament-reconstruction-registry
#2
Martin Lind, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Kristian Behrndtz
PURPOSE: There are few descriptions of outcomes after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction in the literature due to the rarity of this type of knee injury. Since 2005, the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Registry (DKRR) has monitored outcomes of PCL reconstructions. This study describes the epidemiology of PCL reconstruction and subsequent outcomes in a Danish population. METHODS: Of 23,253 knee ligament reconstructions performed in 2005-2015, 581 were registered as PCL reconstructions in the DKRR...
May 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546988/erratum-to-epidemiology-of-burn-injuries-in-nepal-a-systemic-review
#3
Sanjib Tripathee, Surendra Jung Basnet
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s41038-017-0075-y.].
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545496/chronic-musculoskeletal-ankle-disorders-in-sri-lanka
#4
Ishanka Weerasekara, Claire E Hiller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders of the lower extremities are commonly affected by chronicity and disability. One of the most commonly affected areas is the ankle. Epidemiological information is limited for chronic musculoskeletal ankle disorders in the general community, particularly in the developing world. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of chronic musculoskeletal ankle disorders in the Sri Lankan community. METHODS: A cross-sectional stratified random sample of people (n = 1000) aged 18 to 85 years in Sri Lanka was undertaken by questionnaire in the general community setting...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540222/penile-fracture-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-management-in-iran-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Majid Mirzazadeh, Morteza Fallahkarkan, Jalil Hosseini
Penile fracture (PF) is considered an emergency in urology. In the literature there are some case series reporting considerable incidence of PF in some parts of Iran. There are no accurate data about the incidence of PF all around Iran. Although it may be uncommon in other parts of the country and in the other countries, it can also be underreported. There are some challenges in diagnosis, management, and also reporting of these cases. In this review of Iranian medical literature, we searched for penile fracture and penile injury keywords in Medline, Scopus, SID, Google and Persian medical journals...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538650/consequences-of-pediatric-undertriage-and-overtriage-in-a-statewide-trauma-system
#6
Hilary A Hewes, Mathew Christensen, Peter P Taillac, N Clay Mann, Kammy K Jacobsen, Stephen J Fenton
BACKGROUND: With increasing attention to the quality of health care delivery, evaluating trauma triage decisions in a large system of emergency care can help decision makers reduce mortality, morbidity, unnecessary transfers, and healthcare costs. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the magnitude of pediatric traumatic injury undertriage (hospital mortality risk) and overtriage (early trauma center discharge after transfer) in a statewide trauma system. METHODS: A statewide population-based evaluation of pediatric trauma outcomes and secondary triage (interfacility transfers) patterns from 2001-2013 among 45 hospitals in Utah's statewide trauma system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538646/defining-the-ge-junction-in-trauma-epidemiology-and-management-of-a-challenging-injury
#7
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, James M Bardes, Daniel OʼBrien, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Daniel Grabo, Demetrios Demetriades
INTRODUCTION: Injuries to the gastroesophageal (GE) junction are infrequently encountered because of the high mortality of associated injuries. Consequently, there is a paucity of literature on the patient demographics and treatment options. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology, surgical management, and outcomes of these rare injuries. METHODS: Patients presenting to LAC+USC Medical Center (01/2008-08/2016) with traumatic esophageal or gastric injury (ICD-9 and -10 codes) were extracted from the trauma registry...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538640/trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-major-burn-injury-among-hospitalized-patients-a-population-based-analysis
#8
Stephanie A Mason, Avery B Nathens, James Byrne, Alejandro Gonzalez, Rob Fowler, Paul Karanicolas, Rahim Moineddin, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Burn-related mortality has decreased significantly over the past several decades. While often attributed in part to regionalization of burn care, this has not been evaluated at the population level. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of all patients with > 20% total burned surface area (TBSA) burn injury in Ontario, Canada. Adult (>16y) patients injured between 2003-2013 were included. Deaths in the emergency department were excluded...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538637/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-homicide-in-illinois-2005-2010-findings-from-the-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system
#9
Sana Yousuf, Suzanne McLone, Maryann Mason, Lisa Snow, Carol Gall, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Critical elements in intimate partner homicides (IPH) often go undocumented. Previous studies have highlighted precipitating causes, but few have examined the place of injury that led to the victim's death. We sought to describe IPH cases in Illinois, and in particular to examine factors surrounding the location of injury that led to the victim's death. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS) to assess victim demographics, perpetrator characteristics, the victim/perpetrator relationship, and circumstances surrounding the location of injury that led to the victim's death...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538635/suicide-guns-and-buyback-programs-an-epidemiologic-analysis-of-firearm-related-deaths-in-connecticut
#10
Laura Baumann, Heather Clinton, Rob Berntsson, Susan Williams, James C Rovella, David Shapiro, Shefali Thaker, Kevin Borrup, Garry Lapidus, Brendan T Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Gun buyback programs aim to remove unwanted firearms from the community with the goal of preventing firearm injury and death. Buyback programs are held in many communities, but evidence demonstrating their effectiveness is lacking. The purpose of this study is to compare firearms collected at buyback events to crime guns and firearms used in homicides and suicides. METHODS: Detailed firearm and case data was obtained from the Hartford Police Department and the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System from January through December of 2015...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538632/implications-of-the-tqip-inclusion-of-non-survivable-injuries-in-performance-benchmarking-tqip-inclusion-of-non-survivable-injuries
#11
Jiselle B Heaney, Rebecca Schroll, Jennifer Turney, Lance Stuke, Alan B Marr, Patrick Greiffenstein, Rosemarie Robledo, Amanda Theriot, Juan Duchesne, John Hunt
BACKGROUND: The Trauma Quality Improvement Project (TQIP) uses an injury prediction model for performance benchmarking. We hypothesize that at a level 1 high-volume penetrating trauma center, performance outcomes will be biased due to inclusion of patients with non-survivable injuries. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients included in the institutional TQIP analysis from 2013-2014 with length of stay (LOS) < 1 day to determine survivability of the injuries...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538329/perioperative-care-for-pediatric-patients-with-penetrating-brain-injury-a-review
#12
Marco Mikhael, Elizabeth Frost, Maria Cristancho
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) continues to be the leading cause of death and acquired disability in young children and adolescents, due to blunt or penetrating trauma, the latter being less common but more lethal. Penetrating brain injury (PBI) has not been studied extensively, mainly reported as case reports or case series, due to the assumption that both types of brain injury have common pathophysiology and consequently common management. However, recommendations and guidelines for the management of PBI differ from those of blunt TBI in regards to neuroimaging, intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, and surgical management including those pertaining to vascular injury...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#13
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535848/potential-predictors-of-injury-among-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#14
Rebecca K Yau, Yvonne M Golightly, David B Richardson, Cristin D Runfola, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
Injuries occur frequently among ballet and contemporary dancers. However, limited literature exists on injuries to pre-professional dancers in the USA. The goals of this study were to 1. provide a descriptive epidemiology of the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in an adolescent and young adult dance population and 2. identify parsimonious regression models that could be potentially used to predict injury incidence. The study was based at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts (UNCSA) from Fall 2009 to Spring 2015...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535755/the-relationships-between-harsh-physical-punishment-and-child-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adulthood
#15
Tracie O Afifi, Natalie Mota, Jitender Sareen, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Physical punishment of children is an important public health concern. Yet, few studies have examined how physical punishment is related to other types of child maltreatment and violence across the lifespan. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine if harsh physical punishment (i.e., being pushed, grabbed, shoved, hit, and/or slapped without causing marks, bruises, or injury) is associated with an increased likelihood of more severe childhood maltreatment (i...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#16
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533885/-occupational-asthma-compensation-in-the-tunisian-center-cross-sectional-study-over-a-period-of-eight-years
#17
Amira Omrane, Awatef Kreim, Mohamed Adnène Henchi, Selma Kammoun, Leila Bessadi, Charfeddine Amri, Taoufik Khalfallh, Lamia Bouzgarrou
INTRODUCTION: Our study aimed to highlight the epidemiological profile of patients compensated for occupational asthma in the Tunisian Center, to identify their professional characteristics and to determine compensation practices for this occupational disease. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive retrospective study over a period of eight years. This case study included workers with occupational asthma diagnosed and compensated in the Tunisian Center by the only two medical commissions empowered to set rates for permanent partial disability caused by either a work-related injury or an occupational diseases in the seven central governorates...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533873/wrestling-game-injuries-among-children-in-dakar-a-report-on-172-cases
#18
Gabriel Ngom, Azhar Salim Mohamed, Papa Alassane Mbaye, Mbaye Fall, Oumar Ndour, Aimé Lakh Faye, Zakaria El-Hasnaoui
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to report epidemiological and lesional features among children practicing wrestling as a game in Dakar, Senegal. METHODS: It was a retrospective study including all patients under 16, victims of wrestling game injuries. We studied epidemiological and lesional aspects in children: frequency of wrestling game injuries among all games, age, sex, geographic origin, place of injury, parent's socioeconomic status, nature of the injury and location...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531112/effects-of-polyphenols-on-oxidative-stress-mediated-injury-in-cardiomyocytes
#19
REVIEW
Rosanna Mattera, Monica Benvenuto, Maria Gabriella Giganti, Ilaria Tresoldi, Francesca Romana Pluchinotta, Sonia Bergante, Guido Tettamanti, Laura Masuelli, Vittorio Manzari, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Hypertension, ischemia/reperfusion, diabetes and anti-cancer drugs contribute to heart failure through oxidative and nitrosative stresses which cause cardiomyocytes nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage, denaturation of intracellular proteins, lipid peroxidation and inflammation. Oxidative or nitrosative stress-mediated injury lead to cardiomyocytes apoptosis or necrosis. The reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) concentration is dependent on their production and on the expression and activity of anti-oxidant enzymes...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530457/-patient-turnover-in-a-multidisciplinary-emergency-department
#20
Csaba Varga, Zsuzsanna Lelovics, Viktor Soós, Tibor Oláh
INTRODUCTION: More than twenty emergency departments were opened across Hungary in the past years. Data deficiency on patient flow, trends and lack of knowledge of indicators could raise numerous logistical and organisational problems. AIM: Collection, analysis and provision of data to facilitate successful operations of emergency medical care services. METHOD: During a three-year period investigated, at the multidisciplinary Emergency Department of "Moritz Kaposi" Teaching Hospital, data on patient flow (n = 106,203), epidemiology, triage and international classification of diseases were analysed...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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