keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Injury epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655123/mechanical-low-back-pain-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes-an-observational-cohort-study
#1
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Georgios Bikos, Maria Meke, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Dev Pyne, Vasileios Korakakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to gain information about the incidence of mechanical Low Back Pain (MLBP) injuries etiology in elite track and field athletes and to assess the recurrence rate. BACKGROUND: The prevalence and the etiology of Low Back Pain (LBP) in athletic populations at the elite level of competition lack of longitudinal studies focused on certain sport fields. The present study evaluates MLBP incidents in elite track and field athletes visiting National Track and Field Centre in Thessaloniki, Greece and classifies MLBP according to etiology...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653000/updates-in-mirizzi-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Alan Isaac Valderrama-Treviño, Juan José Granados-Romero, Mariana Espejel-Deloiza, Jonathan Chernitzky-Camaño, Baltazar Barrera Mera, Aranza Guadalupe Estrada-Mata, Jesús Carlos Ceballos-Villalva, Jonathan Acuña Campos, Rubén Argüero-Sánchez
Mirizzi syndrome, known as extrinsic bile compression syndrome, is a rare complication of cholecystitis and chronic cholelithiasis, secondary to the obliteration of the infundibulum of the gallbladder or cystic duct caused by the impact of one or more calculations in these anatomical structures, which leads to compression of the adjacent bile duct, resulting in partial or complete obstruction of the common hepatic duct, triggering liver dysfunction. Our aim is to identify and describe the current epidemiology, diagnostic methods, and treatment of Mirizzi syndrome...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651950/the-loss-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-15-in-foxd1-stromal-cells-exacerbates-kidney-fibrosis
#3
Xiangchen Gu, Sandeep K Mallipattu, Yiqing Guo, Monica P Revelo, Jesse Pace, Timothy Miller, Xiang Gao, Mukesh K Jain, Agnieszka B Bialkowska, Vincent W Yang, John C He, Changlin Mei
Large epidemiological studies clearly demonstrate that multiple episodes of acute kidney injury contribute to the development and progression of kidney fibrosis. Although our understanding of kidney fibrosis has improved in the past two decades, we have limited therapeutic strategies to halt its progression. Myofibroblast differentiation and proliferation remain critical to the progression of kidney fibrosis. Although canonical Wnt signaling can trigger the activation of myofibroblasts in the kidney, mediators of Wnt inhibition in the resident progenitor cells are unclear...
June 24, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651662/epidemiology-of-electrical-and-lightning-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-1997-2010-a-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-chirpp-study
#4
Madeleine Böhrer, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
Introduction Although death due to electrical injury and lightning are rare in children, these injuries are often preventable. Twenty years ago, most injuries occurred at home, precipitated by oral contact with electrical cords, contact with wall sockets and faulty electrical equipment. We sought to assess the epidemiology of electrical injuries in children presenting to Emergency Departments (EDs) that participate in the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP). METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of electrical and lightning injury data from CHIRPP...
June 27, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648766/age-sex-and-diagnosis-specific-incidence-rate-of-medically-certified-long-term-sick-leave-among-private-sector-employees-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-j-ecoh-study
#5
Chihiro Nishiura, Akiko Nanri, Ikuko Kashino, Ai Hori, Chihiro Kinugawa, Motoki Endo, Noritada Kato, Aki Tomizawa, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Toru Honda, Teppei Imai, Akiko Okino, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Kentaro Tomita, Satsue Nagahama, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Hiroko Okazaki, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: Long-term sick-leave is a major public health problem, but data on its incidence in Japan are scarce. We aimed to present reference data for long-term sick-leave among private sector employees in Japan. METHODS: The study population comprised employees of 12 companies that participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Details on medically certified sick-leave lasting ≥30 days were collected from each company. Age- and sex-specific incidence rate of sick-leave was calculated for the period of April 2012 to March 2014...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646870/incidence-and-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-adult-patients-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-southeast-china
#6
Xiaoyan Cheng, Buyun Wu, Yun Liu, Huijuan Mao, Changying Xing
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) places a heavy burden on the healthcare system in China and is usually misdiagnosed. However, there are limited studies that have described the epidemiology and diagnosis of AKI in China. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and diagnosis of AKI in hospitalized adult patients in a tertiary teaching hospital in southeast China. METHODS: All adult patients hospitalized from October 1, 2013 to September 30, 2014 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were screened using the Lab Administration Network...
June 24, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645895/multiparity-improves-outcomes-after-cerebral-ischemia-in-female-mice-despite-features-of-increased-metabovascular-risk
#7
Rodney M Ritzel, Anita R Patel, Monica Spychala, Rajkumar Verma, Joshua Crapser, Edward C Koellhoffer, Anna Schrecengost, Evan R Jellison, Liang Zhu, Venugopal Reddy Venna, Louise D McCullough
Females show a varying degree of ischemic sensitivity throughout their lifespan, which is not fully explained by hormonal or genetic factors. Epidemiological data suggest that sex-specific life experiences such as pregnancy increase stroke risk. This work evaluated the role of parity on stroke outcome. Age-matched virgin (i.e., nulliparous) and multiparous mice were subjected to 60 min of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion and evaluated for infarct volume, behavioral recovery, and inflammation. Using an established mating paradigm, fetal microchimeric cells present in maternal mice were also tracked after parturition and stroke...
June 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645714/retrospective-analysis-on-thermal-injuries-in-children-demographic-etiological-and-clinical-data-of-german-and-austrian-pediatric-hospitals-2006-2015-approaching-the-new-german-burn-registry
#8
Laura C Tegtmeyer, Georg R Herrnstadt, Sarah L Maier, Oliver C Thamm, Michaela Klinke, Konrad Reinshagen, Ingo Koenigs
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this observational, multi-center study was to reveal epidemiologic, etiological and clinical aspects of hospitalized children with thermal injuries in Germany and Austria and the workup of a renewed web-based pediatric burn registry. METHODS: From 2006 to 2015, comprehensive patient data of thermally injured children in Germany and Austria were collected prospectively. Retrospective analysis of age, gender, mechanism of injury, total body surface area burned, way of admission and length of stay was performed, followed by the comparative analysis between designated burn centers and other pediatric hospitals...
June 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645215/upper-extremity-trauma-resulting-from-agricultural-accidents-mechanism-and-severity-for-patients-with-and-without-upper-extremity-injury
#9
Louis C Grandizio, Benjamin Wagner, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
BACKGROUND: Farming remains the most dangerous occupation in the United States and upper extremity (UE) injuries occur frequently in agricultural accidents. The purpose of this study is to describe the injury mechanisms, severity, and health care costs of UE injuries resulting from agricultural accidents and to compare patients with and without injuries to the UE. METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective review of our level I trauma center registry from January 2006 to May 2013, identifying all patients injured in an agricultural accident...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644934/fingertip-injuries-in-children-epidemiology-financial-burden-and-implications-for-prevention
#10
Rachel R Yorlets, Kathleen Busa, Kyle R Eberlin, Mohammad Ali Raisolsadat, Donald S Bae, Peter M Waters, Brian I Labow, Amir H Taghinia
BACKGROUND: Although fingertip injuries are common, there is limited literature on the epidemiology and hospital charges for fingertip injuries in children. This descriptive study reports the clinical features of and hospital charges for fingertip injuries in a large pediatric population treated at a tertiary medical center. METHODS: Our hospital database was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Revision 9 (ICD-9) codes, and medical records were reviewed...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644870/effects-of-nicotine-on-corneal-wound-healing-following-acute-alkali-burn
#11
Jong Won Kim, Chae Woong Lim, Bumseok Kim
Epidemiological studies have indicated that smoking is a pivotal risk factor for the progression of several chronic diseases. Nicotine, the addictive component of cigarettes, has powerful pathophysiological properties in the body. Although the effects of cigarette smoking on corneal re-epithelialization have been studied, the effects of nicotine on corneal wound healing-related neovascularization and fibrosis have not been fully demonstrated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic administration of nicotine on corneal wound healing following acute insult induced by an alkali burn...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644776/eye-injuries-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#12
Barry P Boden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Rebecca G Boden, R Dawn Comstock, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Although eye injuries constitute a small percentage of high school and college sports injuries, they have the potential to be permanently debilitating. HYPOTHESIS: Eye injury rates will vary by sport, sex, and between the high school and college age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Data from eye injury reports in high school and college athletes were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) database over a 10-year span (2005-2006 through 2014-2015 school years) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) over an 11-year span (2004-2005 through 2014-2015 school years)...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643487/proenkephalin-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-in-patients-with-sepsis
#13
Hanah Kim, Mina Hur, Seungho Lee, Rossella Marino, Laura Magrini, Patrizia Cardelli, Joachim Struck, Andreas Bergmann, Oliver Hartmann, Salvatore Di Somma
BACKGROUND: Proenkephalin (PENK) has been suggested as a novel biomarker for kidney function. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic utility of plasma PENK in comparison with neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in septic patients. METHODS: A total of 167 septic patients were enrolled: 99 with sepsis, 37 with septic shock, and 31 with suspected sepsis. PENK and NGAL concentrations were measured and GFR was estimated by using the isotope dilution mass spectrometry traceable-Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study and three Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations: CKD-EPI(Cr), CDK-EPI(CysC), and CKD-EPI(Cr-CysC)...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642650/epidemiological-study-on-lisfranc-injuries
#14
Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Guilherme Honda Saito, Marcos Hideyo Sakaki, Pedro Augusto Pontin, Alexandre Leme Godoy Dos Santos, Túlio Diniz Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of patients with Lisfranc injuries and their associated fractures . METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis on 42 patients with Lisfranc injuries hospitalized at Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, between 2006 and 2010. Parameters on patient profile, risk factors, fracture characteristics, data on treatment and acute complications were analyzed ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642142/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-bloodstream-infections-in-177-severe-burn-patients-from-an-industrial-disaster-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#15
Chenqi Tang, Junqiang Li, Beiming Shou, Bohan Pan, Tiansheng Chen, Yongqiang Xiao, Xiaopeng Zheng, Shichu Xiao, Qian Tan, Zhaofan Xia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of bloodstream infections (BSIs) and to evaluate the impact of BSIs on mortality in severe burn patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 20 tertiary hospitals. A total of 185 Patients who experienced a massive dust explosion in eastern China were included. RESULTS: After exclusion, 177 patients were analyzed. The median total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 95% (interquartile range [IQR], 85%-98%)...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640776/early-fever-after-trauma-does-it-matter
#16
Holly E Hinson, Susan Rowell, Cynthia Morris, Amber L Lin, Martin A Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Fever is strongly associated with poor outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that early fever is a direct result of brain injury and thus would be more common in TBI than in patients without brain injury, and associated with inflammation. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with major trauma with and without TBI from a busy level I trauma center ICU. Patients were assigned to one of four groups based on their presenting Head Abbreviated Injury Severity Scale scores (HAIS): Polytrauma: Head AIS score >2, one other region>2, Isolated Head: Head AIS score>2, all other regions <3, Isolated Body: One region >2, excluding Head/Face, Minor Injury: No region with AIS>2...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640775/prevalence-of-non-accidental-trauma-among-children-at-acs-verified-pediatric-trauma-centers
#17
David D A Bogumil, Natalie E Demeter, Karen Imagawa, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Child abuse remains a national epidemic that has detrimental effects if unnoticed in the clinical setting. Extreme cases of child abuse, or non-accidental trauma (NAT), have large financial burdens associated with them due to treatment costs and long-term effects of abuse. Clinicians that have additional training and experience with pediatric trauma are better equipped to detect signs of NAT and have more experience reporting it. This additional training and experience can be measured by using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Pediatric Trauma Verification...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640037/epidemiology-of-major-depressive-disorder-disability-in-the-us-military-fy-2007-2012
#18
Elizabeth R Packnett, Hoda Elmasry, Christine F Toolin, David N Cowan, Michael R Boivin
This study assesses the incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) disability discharge and retirement in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force and describes MDD comorbidity. Service members with a disability discharge for either MDD (n = 2,882) or any nonpsychiatric disability (n = 56,145), between fiscal years 2007 and 2012, were included in the study population. Those with MDD disability at first evaluation but not at last evaluation were excluded. The incidence of MDD disability discharge increased significantly in the Army and Air Force between fiscal years 2007 and 2012...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638948/does-socioeconomic-status-influence-the-epidemiology-and-outcome-of-distal-radial-fractures-in-adults
#19
N D Clement, A D Duckworth, N R Wickramasinghe, C M Court-Brown, M M McQueen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study in adult patients with a distal radial fracture was to determine whether socioeconomic status influenced the epidemiology, mechanism of injury, fracture severity, or the outcome according to function, radiographic assessment, and rate of associated complications. METHODS: We identified 3983 distal radial fractures over a 7-year period. Socioeconomic status was assigned using the Carstairs score, and the population was divided into quintiles depending on deprivation...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638840/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-stand-up-paddle-boarding
#20
James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Mike Climstein, Wayne Hing
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. PURPOSE: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
6851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"