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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102971/how-is-physical-activity-measured-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-and-their-psychometric-properties
#1
REVIEW
Lara Edbrooke, Linda Denehy, Selina M Parry, Ronan Astin, Sandy Jack, Catherine L Granger
Physical activity (PA) levels are low in patients with lung cancer. Emerging evidence supports the use of interventions to increase PA in this population. We aimed to (1) identify and synthesize outcome measures which assess PA levels in patients with lung cancer and (2) to evaluate, synthesize and compare the psychometric properties of these measures. A systematic review of articles from searches was conducted of five electronic databases and personal records. Eligible studies were those which assessed PA using either performance-based or patient-reported measures...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#2
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101776/plyometric-exercise-and-bone-health-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, José A Casajús, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Many jumping interventions have been performed in children and adolescents in order to improve bone-related variables and thus, ensure a healthy bone development during these periods and later in life. This systematic review aims to summarize and update present knowledge regarding the effects that jumping interventions may have on bone mass, structure and metabolism in order to ascertain the efficacy and durability (duration of the effects caused by the intervention) of the interventions...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100475/effects-of-obesity-and-exercise-on-testicular-leptin-signal-transduction-and-testosterone-biosynthesis-in-male-mice
#4
Xuejie Yi, Haining Gao, Dequan Chen, Donghui Tang, Wanting Huang, Tao Li, Tie Ma, Bo Chang
To explore the role of the testicular leptin and JAK-STAT(LEP-JAK-STAT) pathway in testosterone biosynthesis during juvenile stages and exercise for weight loss, male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into normal-diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups. After 10 weeks, mice in the HFD group were further divided randomly into obese control (OC), obese moderate-volume exercise (OME), and obese high-volume exercise (OHE) groups. Mice in the OME group were provided with 2 h/day, 6 days/week swimming exercise for 8 weeks and mice in the OHE group underwent twice the amount of daily exercise intervention as the OME group...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100190/translation-of-a-tailored-nutrition-and-resistance-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-to-a-real-life-setting-adaptation-process-and-pilot-study
#5
Ellen Ji van Dongen, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Jan M Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette Cpgm de Groot, Annemien Haveman-Nies
BACKGROUND: Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Using findings from controlled interventions in a real-life setting requires adaptations to the intervention and working procedures of healthcare professionals (HCPs). The aim of this study is to adapt an efficacious intervention for elderly people to a real-life setting (phase one) and test the feasibility and potential impact of this prototype intervention in practice in a pilot study (phase two)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099988/exercise-based-rehabilitation-programmes-for-pulmonary-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Norman R Morris, Fiona D Kermeen, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Individuals with pulmonary hypertension (PH) have reduced exercise capacity and quality of life. Despite initial concerns that exercise training may worsen symptoms in this group, several studies have reported improvements in functional capacity and well-being following exercise-based rehabilitation in PH. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of exercise-based rehabilitation for people with PH. Primary outcomes were exercise capacity, adverse events during the intervention period and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099587/non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Hugo Souza Bittencourt, Helena França Correia Dos Reis, Melissa Santos Lima, Mansueto Gomes
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may perfect respiratory and cardiac performance in patients with heart failure (HF). The objective of the study to establish, through systematic review and meta-analysis, NIV influence on functional capacity of HF patients. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized studies was carried out through research of databases of Cochrane Library, SciELO, Pubmed and PEDro, using the key-words: heart failure, non-invasive ventilation, exercise tolerance; and the free terms: bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and functional capacity (terms were searched for in English and Portuguese) using the Boolean operators AND and OR...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099192/aerobic-exercise-training-in-very-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Michele Vitacca, Nicolino Ambrosino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases using the following as search terms: COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Exercise, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of subjects with forced expiratory volume in the first second of less than 35% of the predicted normal value enrolled in in-patient, outpatient, or home- or community-based training programs lasting at least 4 weeks with respect to usual care...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#9
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#10
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
January 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097487/inter-individual-responses-of-maximal-oxygen-uptake-to-exercise-training-a-critical-review
#11
Philip J Williamson, Greg Atkinson, Alan M Batterham
It has recently been reported how to quantify inter-individual differences in the response to an exercise intervention using the standard deviation of the change scores, as well as how to appraise these differences for clinical relevance. In a parallel-group randomised controlled trial, the key trigger for further investigation into inter-individual responses is when the standard deviation of change in the intervention sample is substantially larger than the same standard deviation derived from a suitable comparator sample...
January 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097075/effects-of-an-8-week-yoga-program-on-sustained-attention-and-discrimination-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Chien-Chih Chou, Chung-Ju Huang
This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants were given the Visual Pursuit Test and Determination Test prior to and after an eight-week exercise intervention (twice per week, 40 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy rate and reaction time of the two tests were observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096689/influence-of-exercise-on-visceral-pain-an-explorative-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#13
Laura Jgm van Weerdenburg, Christina Brock, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Harry van Goor, Marjan de Vries, Oliver Hg Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contradictory results have been found about the effect of different exercise modalities on pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the early effects of aerobic and isometric exercise on different types of experimental pain, including visceral pain, compared to an active control condition. METHODS: Fifteen healthy subjects (6 women, mean [standard deviation] age 25 [6.5] years) completed 3 interventions consisting of 20 minutes of aerobic cycling, 12 minutes of isometric knee extension and a deep breathing procedure as active control...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#14
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#15
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095747/effects-of-roller-massager-on-muscle-recovery-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#16
Nuno Casanova, Joana F Reis, João R Vaz, Rita Machado, Bruno Mendes, Duane C Button, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Sandro R Freitas
Two experiments (n = 10) were conducted to determine the effects of roller massager (RM) on ankle plantar flexor muscle recovery after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Experiment 1 examined both functional [i.e., ankle plantar flexion maximal isometric contraction and submaximal (30%) sustained force; ankle dorsiflexion maximal range of motion and resistance to stretch; and medial gastrocnemius pain pressure threshold] and morphological [cross-sectional area, thickness, fascicle length, and fascicle angle] variables, before and immediately, 1, 24, 48, and 72 h after an EIMD stimulus...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095581/long-term-adherence-and-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-for-community-dwelling-overweight-thai-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-1-year-follow-up
#17
Suparb Aree-Ue, Yuwadee Saraboon, Basia Belza
Being overweight is a major risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine participant adherence to a quadriceps exercise and weight management program after completion of the intervention; and (b) examine whether a quadriceps exercise and weight management program can reduce knee pain and improve knee function and weight loss in 40 community-dwelling overweight Thai older adults with knee OA at 6- and 12-month follow up. Twenty-nine (76.3%) participants completed at least 75% of the program...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093920/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-effective-to-reduce-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Filipa Kendall, José Oliveira, Bárbara Peleteiro, Paulo Pinho, Pedro Teixeira Bastos
PURPOSE: This study systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and length of hospital stay (LOS), both in the preoperative and/or postoperative periods of cardiac, pulmonary, and abdominal surgical patients. Sensitive analysis was performed to examine which patients benefit more from IMT according to methodological features (quality of studies and sample size), patient's characteristics (pulmonary risk stratification, age, and body mass index), type of surgery, period of training, and training protocols (training doses and level of supervision)...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093837/effects-of-simulation-education-on-oral-care-practices%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Miia M Jansson, Hannu P Syrjälä, Pasi P Ohtonen, Merja H Meriläinen, Helvi A Kyngäs, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based oral care protocols, nurse education programmes and assessment tools may reduce the risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia by increasing critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in adhering to current oral care recommendations. AIMS: To evaluate the longitudinal effects of single-dose simulation education with structured debriefing and verbal feedback on critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in adhering to current oral care recommendations...
January 16, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092795/moderate-aerobic-exercise-training-for-improving-reproductive-function-in-infertile-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian
This study investigated for the first time the changes in seminal markers of inflammation, oxidative stress status, semen parameters, sperm DNA integrity as well as pregnancy rate following 24weeks of moderate aerobic exercise in infertile patients. A total of 1026 sedentary men (aged 25-40years) attending the infertility clinic with history of more than one year of infertility, were screened and 419 were randomized to either exercise (EX, n=210) or non-exercise (NON-EX, n=209) groups. Exercise training favorably attenuated seminal markers of both inflammation (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) and oxidative stress (ROS, MDA, 8-Isoprostane) as well as enhanced antioxidant defense system (SOD, catalase and TAC) (P<0...
January 13, 2017: Cytokine
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