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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934762/dose-response-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-body-composition-among-colon-cancer-survivors-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Justin C Brown, Babette S Zemel, Andrea B Troxel, Michael R Rickels, Nevena Damjanov, Bonnie Ky, Andrew D Rhim, Anil K Rustgi, Kerry S Courneya, Kathryn H Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. Excess visceral adipose tissue is associated with a higher risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. The pathways through which physical activity may alter disease outcomes are unknown, but may be mediated by changes in visceral adipose tissue. METHODS: Thirty-nine stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomised to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min wk(-1) of aerobic exercise (low dose) and 300 min wk(-1) of aerobic exercise (high dose) for 6 months...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#2
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#3
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929907/management-of-obesity-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
M H Shojaei, S M Alaviniaa, B C Craven
CONTEXT: Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) are susceptible to central and visceral obesity and it's metabolic consequences; consensus based guidelines for obesity management after SCI have not yet been stablished. OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare effective means of obesity management among SCI individuals. METHODS: This systematic review included English and non-English articles, published prior to April 2017 found in the PubMed/Medline, Embase, CINAHL Psychinfo and Cochrane databases...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929821/effects-of-a-translational-community-based-multimodal-exercise-program-on-quality-of-life-and-the-influence-of-start-delay-on-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#5
Michael Paul Foley, Scott Michael Hasson, Eydie Kendall
The purpose of this investigation was 2-fold: (1) to investigate the effects of a translational 12-week community-based multimodal exercise program on quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and (2) to examine the influence of a start delay on physical function and QoL in BCS. Fifty-two female BCS completed a 12-week program consisting of 90-minute supervised exercise sessions at a frequency of 2 supervised sessions per week. Exercise sessions consisted of three 30-minute components: (1) aerobic conditioning, (2) resistance exercise training, and (3) balance and flexibility training...
September 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928887/association-between-periodontal-disease-and-prostate-cancer-results-of-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#6
Jae-Hong Lee, Helen Hye-In Kweon, Jung-Kyu Choi, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi
The incidence of prostate cancer (PC) accompanying periodontal disease (PD) is anticipated to increase due to population aging. The aim of this study was to determine the association between PD and PC using data in the National Health Insurance Service-Health Examinee Cohort (NHIS-HEC). A random stratified sample of 187,934 South Koreans was collected from the NHIS database from 2002 to 2013. We assessed the relationship between PD and PC while adjusting for potential confounding factors (sex, age, household income, insurance status, residence area, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, smoking status, alcohol intake, and regular exercise)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926676/randomized-controlled-trial-of-increasing-physical-activity-on-objectively-measured-and-self-reported-cognitive-functioning-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-memory-motion-study
#7
Sheri J Hartman, Sandahl H Nelson, Emily Myers, Loki Natarajan, Dorothy D Sears, Barton W Palmer, Lauren S Weiner, Barbara A Parker, Ruth E Patterson
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity can improve cognition in healthy and cognitively impaired adults; however, the benefits for cancer survivors are unknown. The current study examined a 12-week physical activity intervention, compared with a control condition, on objective and self-reported cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to an exercise arm (n = 43) or a control arm (n = 44). At baseline and at 12 weeks, objective cognition was measured with the National Institutes of Health Cognitive Toolbox, and self-reported cognition using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System scales...
September 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922074/breast-cancer-survivors-perceptions-of-participating-in-a-supervised-exercise-intervention-an-exploratory-review-of-the-literature
#8
Leanne Livsey, Kiara Lewis
BACKGROUND: Despite the reported beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) during and after cancer diagnosis, current research data suggest that the percentages of breast cancer survivors who adhere to PA recommendations are low. The aim of the present systematic, critical review was to identify, analyze and provide a summary of qualitative literature findings, which have explored breast cancer survivors' experiences of participating in an exercise/PA intervention after cancer treatment...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921583/associations-of-alcohol-intake-smoking-physical-activity-and-obesity-with-survival-following-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-by-stage-anatomic-site-and-tumor-molecular-subtype
#9
Harindra Jayasekara, Dallas R English, Andrew Haydon, Allison M Hodge, Brigid M Lynch, Christophe Rosty, Elizabeth J Williamson, Mark Clendenning, Melissa C Southey, Mark A Jenkins, Robin Room, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Daniel D Buchanan, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
The influence of lifestyle factors on survival following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well established. We examined associations between lifestyle factors measured before diagnosis and CRC survival. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study collected data on alcohol intake, cigarette smoking and physical activity, and body measurements at baseline (1990-94) and wave 2 (2003-07). We included participants diagnosed to 31 August 2015 with incident stage I-III CRC within 10-years post exposure assessment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919815/an-acceptance-based-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-experiencing-acute-pain-a-single-subject-study
#10
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, JoAnne Dahl, Louise von Essen, Gustaf Ljungman
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917366/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-self-care-strategies-for-nausea-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-or-pelvic-irradiation-for-cancer-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-implementation-in-routine-care
#11
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Sussanne Börjeson
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) self-care strategies for nausea during radiotherapy. METHODS: Two hundred patients daily registered nausea and practice of CAM self-care strategies, beside conventional antiemetic medications, for nausea during abdominal/pelvic irradiation (median five weeks) for gynecological (69%) colorectal (27%) or other tumors (4%). RESULTS: During radiotherapy, 131 (66%) experienced nausea, and 50 (25%) practiced self-care for nausea at least once, for a mean (m) of 15...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#12
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914527/locally-induced-adipose-tissue-browning-by-microneedle-patch-for-obesity-treatment
#13
Yuqi Zhang, Qiongming Liu, Jicheng Yu, Shuangjiang Yu, Jinqiang Wang, Li Qiang, Zhen Gu
Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century that may lead to many comorbidities such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Current treatments toward obesity including diet, physical exercise, pharmacological therapy, as well as surgeries are always associated with low effectiveness or undesired systematical side effects. In order to enhance treatment efficiency with minimized side effects, we developed a transcutaneous browning agent patch to locally induce adipose tissue transformation...
September 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911059/forcing-the-vicious-circle-sarcopenia-increases-toxicity-decreases-response-to-chemotherapy-and-worsens-with-chemotherapy
#14
F Bozzetti
Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition that, independently from malnutrition, may adversely affect the prognosis of cancer patients. Purpose of this narrative review is to define the prevalence of sarcopenia in different primaries, its role in leading to chemotherapy toxicity and decreased compliance with the oncological therapy and the effect of some drugs on the onset of sarcopenia. Finally, the review aims to describe the current approaches to restore the muscle mass through nutrition, exercise and anti-inflammatory agents or multimodal programmes with a special emphasis on the results of randomized controlled trials...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901963/underlying-chronic-disease-medication-use-history-of-running-injuries-and-being-a-more-experienced-runner-are-independent-factors-associated-with-exercise-associated-muscle-cramping-a-cross-sectional-study-in-15778-distance-runners
#15
Martin P Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman, Dina C Janse Van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is a significant medical complication in distance runners, yet factors associated with EAMC are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE: To document risk factors associated with EAMC in runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two ocean races (21.1 km, and 56 km). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen thousand seven hundred seventy-eight race entrants. METHODS: Participants completed a prerace medical history screening tool including: training, cardiovascular disease (CVD), risk factors for, and symptoms of CVD, history of diseases affecting major organ systems, cancer, allergies, medication use, and running injury...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900822/an-international-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prehabilitation-compared-to-usual-care-for-cancer-patients
#16
REVIEW
C Treanor, T Kyaw, M Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to systematically review and synthesise randomised controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of prehabilitation compared to usual care for newly diagnosed, adult-onset cancer patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SSCI were searched up to April 2017. Studies were included if disease-related, treatment-related, patient-reported and health service utilisation outcomes were assessed. Two reviewers independently reviewed and appraised the risk of bias of each study...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895922/the-effect-of-nutrition-therapy-and-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Brenton J Baguley, Kate A Bolam, Olivia R L Wright, Tina L Skinner
BACKGROUND: Improvements in diet and/or exercise are often advocated during prostate cancer treatment, yet the efficacy of, and optimal nutrition and exercise prescription for managing cancer-related fatigue and quality of life remains elusive. The aim of this study is to systematically review the effects of nutrition and/or exercise on cancer-related fatigue and/or quality of life. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in six electronic databases. The Delphi quality assessment list was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the literature...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894848/risk-reduction-strategies-in-breast-cancer-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Mauricio Costa, Paula Saldanha
Evaluating the risk of breast cancer makes it possible to identify women with a high risk of developing breast cancer in the future. Adopting a healthier lifestyle, involving diet and exercise, is one way of reducing this risk-but there are other, non-modifiable risk factors, such as family history, genetics and diagnosis of premalignant lesions. In this high-risk population, the tracking must be rigorous and involve the participation of the patient herself, earlier and more frequent clinical assessment, and the use of imaging screening...
July 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894724/suppression-of-expression-levels-of-constitutive-androstane-receptor-by-moderate-exercise-in-balb-c-nude-mice-with-breast-cancer
#19
Bang-Sub Lee, Wi-Young So, Wooyoung Chung, Eun-Ju Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894513/diagnostic-methods-risk-factors-prevention-and-management-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-past-present-and-future-directions
#20
Hoda E Sayegh, Maria S Asdourian, Meyha N Swaroop, Cheryl L Brunelle, Melissa N Skolny, Laura Salama, Alphonse G Taghian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a chronic, adverse, and much feared complication of breast cancer treatment, which affects approximately 20% of patients following breast cancer treatment. BCRL has a tremendous impact on breast cancer survivors, including physical impairments and significant psychological consequences. The intent of this review is to discuss recent studies and analyses regarding the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention through early screening and intervention, and management of BCRL...
June 2017: Current Breast Cancer Reports
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