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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#1
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330831/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-mindfulness-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-training-with-telephone-support-in-the-enhancement-of-mental-health-among-college-students-and-young-working-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Winnie Ws Mak, Floria Hn Chio, Amy Ty Chan, Wacy Ws Lui, Ellery Ky Wu
BACKGROUND: College students and working adults are particularly vulnerable to stress and other mental health problems, and mental health promotion and prevention are needed to promote their mental health. In recent decades, mindfulness-based training has demonstrated to be efficacious in treating physical and psychological conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine the efficacy of an Internet-based mindfulness training program (iMIND) in comparison with the well-established Internet-based cognitive-behavioral training program (iCBT) in promoting mental health among college students and young working adults...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329223/effect-of-home-monitoring-via-mobile-app-on-the-number-of-in-person-visits-following-ambulatory-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Kathleen A Armstrong, Peter C Coyte, Mitchell Brown, Brett Beber, John L Semple
Importance: In the age of information and patient-centered care, new methods of delivering postoperative care must be developed and evaluated. Objective: To determine whether follow-up care delivered via a mobile app can be used to avert in-person follow-up care visits compared with conventional, in-person follow-up care in the first 30 days following ambulatory surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from February 1 to August 31, 2015, among ambulatory patients undergoing breast reconstruction at an academic ambulatory care hospital...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320334/use-of-a-patient-decision-aid-for-prenatal-screening-for-down-syndrome-what-do-pregnant-women-say
#4
Maria Esther Leiva Portocarrero, Anik M C Giguère, Johanie Lépine, Mirjam M Garvelink, Hubert Robitaille, Agathe Delanoë, Isabelle Lévesque, Brenda J Wilson, François Rousseau, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Patient decision aids (PtDAs) help people make difficult, values-sensitive decisions. Prenatal screening for assessing the risk of genetic conditions in the fetus is one such decision and patient decision aids are rarely used in this clinical context. We sought to identify factors influencing pregnant women's use of a patient decision aid for deciding about prenatal screening for Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: This qualitative study was embedded in a sequential mixed-methods research program whose main aim is to implement shared decision-making (SDM) in the context of prenatal screening for DS in the province of Quebec, Canada...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301549/a-comprehensive-survey-of-genetic-variation-in-20-691-subjects-from-four-large-cohorts
#5
Sara Lindström, Stephanie Loomis, Constance Turman, Hongyan Huang, Jinyan Huang, Hugues Aschard, Andrew T Chan, Hyon Choi, Marilyn Cornelis, Gary Curhan, Immaculata De Vivo, A Heather Eliassen, Charles Fuchs, Michael Gaziano, Susan E Hankinson, Frank Hu, Majken Jensen, Jae H Kang, Christopher Kabrhel, Liming Liang, Louis R Pasquale, Eric Rimm, Meir J Stampfer, Rulla M Tamimi, Shelley S Tworoger, Janey L Wiggs, David J Hunter, Peter Kraft
The Nurses' Health Study (NHS), Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII), Health Professionals Follow Up Study (HPFS) and the Physicians Health Study (PHS) have collected detailed longitudinal data on multiple exposures and traits for approximately 310,000 study participants over the last 35 years. Over 160,000 study participants across the cohorts have donated a DNA sample and to date, 20,691 subjects have been genotyped as part of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of twelve primary outcomes. However, these studies utilized six different GWAS arrays making it difficult to conduct analyses of secondary phenotypes or share controls across studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296896/relationship-between-pickiness-and-subsequent-development-in-body-mass-index-and-diet-intake-in-obesity-prone-normal-weight-preschool-children
#6
Jeanett Friis Rohde, Mina Nicole Händel, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Maria Trærup, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Most children have periods in their life where they reject familiar as well as non-familiar food items and this is often referred to as pickiness. The consequences of pickiness may be malnutrition and, if prolonged, potentially lower body weight. However, studies investigating the consequence of pickiness on subsequent changes in diet intake and weight are limited. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether pickiness influences body mass index as well as diet intake over subsequent 15 months among obesity prone normal weight children aged 2-6 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#7
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277730/a-meta-analysis-of-indicated-mental-health-prevention-programs-for-at-risk-higher-education-students
#8
Colleen S Conley, Jenna B Shapiro, Alexandra C Kirsch, Joseph A Durlak
This meta-analysis found empirical support for the effectiveness of indicated prevention programs for higher education students at risk for subsequent mental health difficulties based on their current subclinical levels of various presenting problems, such as depression, anxiety, or interpersonal difficulties. A systematic literature search identified 79 controlled published and unpublished interventions involving 4,470 college, graduate, or professional students. Programs were effective at post-intervention overall (ES = 0...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277686/development-of-the-professional-self-care-scale
#9
Katherine E Dorociak, Patricia A Rupert, Fred B Bryant, Evan Zahniser
In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the importance of self-care for psychologists and other mental health professionals. With the growth of positive psychology and preventive medicine, self-care is an emerging topic, promulgated as a means of avoiding the adverse effects of stress and promoting professional functioning and well-being. However, the research on self-care is limited because of the lack of an empirically based, psychometrically sound measure of this construct. Thus, the purpose of this project was to develop a measure of professional self-care...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268248/dietary-glycemic-and-insulin-scores-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-by-tumor-molecular-biomarkers
#10
NaNa Keum, Chen Yuan, Reiko Nishihara, Emilie Zoltick, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Alejandro Martinez Fernandez, Xuehong Zhang, Akiko Hanyuda, Li Liu, Keisuke Kosumi, Jonathan A Nowak, Iny Jhun, T Rinda Soong, Teppei Morikawa, Fred K Tabung, Zhi Rong Qian, Charles S Fuchs, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Andrew T Chan, Kimmie Ng, Shuji Ogino, Edward L Giovannucci, Kana Wu
Accumulating evidence suggests that post-diagnostic insulin levels may influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival. Yet, no previous study has examined CRC survival in relation to a post-diagnostic diet rich in foods that increase post-prandial insulin levels. We hypothesized that glycemic and insulin scores (index or load; derived from food frequency questionnaire data) may be associated with survival from specific CRC subtypes sensitive to the insulin signaling pathway. We prospectively followed 1,160 CRC patients from the Nurses' Health Study (1980-2012) and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2012), resulting in 266 CRC deaths in 10,235 person-years...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261489/practice-status-of-specialized-agencies-for-occupational-health-management-of-small-to-medium-size-enterprises-and-the-factors-improving-their-performance-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#11
Saerom Lee, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Young Joong Kang
BACKGROUND: We examined the current status of specialized agencies for occupational health management (SAs) and their workforce. Furthermore, we aimed to clarify the current practice status of SA healthcare professionals and factors that influence their performance. METHODS: To examine the current SA workforce, we analyzed data from the 2014 Survey of Current Status of SA and their Workforce from the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL). Furthermore, we mailed out an original questionnaire to SA professionals to determine their current health management status and factors that affect their performance...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253914/non-pharmacological-interventions-designed-to-reduce-health-risks-due-to-unhealthy-eating-behaviour-and-linked-risky-or-excessive-drinking-in-adults-aged-18-25%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Stephanie Scott, Kathryn Parkinson, Eileen Kaner, Shannon Robalino, Martine Stead, Christine Power, Niamh Fitzgerald, Wendy Wrieden, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight and heavy alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Alcohol use peaks in early adulthood. Alcohol consumption can also exacerbate weight gain. A high body mass index and heavy drinking are independently associated with liver disease but, in combination, they produce an intensified risk of damage, with individuals from lower socio-economic status groups disproportionately affected. METHODS: We will conduct searches in MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC, ASSIA, Web of Knowledge (WoK), Scopus, CINAHL via EBSCO, LILACS, CENTRAL and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses for studies that assess targeted preventative interventions of any length of time or duration of follow-up that are focused on reducing unhealthy eating behaviour and linked risky alcohol use in 18-25-year-olds...
March 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253880/medical-students-research-productivity-and-career-preferences-a-2-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#13
Riitta Möller, Maria Shoshan
BACKGROUND: Linking undergraduate medical education to scientific research is necessary for the quality of future health care, and students´ individual research projects are one way to do so. Assessment of the impact of such projects is of interest for both educational and research-oriented segments of medical schools. Here, we examined the scholarly products and medical students' career preferences 2 years after a mandatory research project course. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional questionnaire study...
March 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252219/the-bandung-neurosurgery-patient-outcomes-project-indonesia-part-ii-patient-pathways-and-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-telephone-follow-up
#14
Agung Budi Sutiono, Ahmad Faried, Susan McAllister, Amelia Ganefianty, Kalih Sarjono, Muhammad Zafrullah Arifin, Sarah Derrett
INTRODUCTION: Support of neurosurgery patients following discharge from hospital is important. Currently, little is known about patients' in low- and middle-income countries before and after their hospital treatment. This companion paper reports patients' pathways before and after hospital admission and the feasibility of following up this ill-patient population by telephone. METHODS: Eligible patients were aged ≥18 years admitted to the Neurosurgery Department in Dr...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249812/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-analysis-by-tumor-location-and-molecular-subtypes
#15
Raaj S Mehta, Mingyang Song, Reiko Nishihara, David A Drew, Kana Wu, Zhi Rong Qian, Teresa T Fung, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Yohei Masugi, Annacarolina da Silva, Yan Shi, Wanwan Li, Mancang Gu, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Western and prudent dietary patterns have been associated with higher and lower risks of colorectal cancer (CRC), respectively. However, little is known about associations between dietary patterns and specific anatomic subsite or molecular subtypes of CRC. METHODS: We used multivariable Cox proportional hazards models to examine associations between Western and prudent dietary patterns and CRC risk in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and Nurses' Health Study...
February 26, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244696/taking-action-against-malnutrition-in-asian-healthcare-settings-an-initiative-of-a-northeast-asia-study-group
#16
Takashi Higashiguchi, Hidenori Arai, Ling Hui Claytor, Masafumi Kuzuya, Joji Kotani, Shyh-Dye Lee, Jean-Pierre Michel, Tetsushi Nogami, Nanhai Peng
Malnutrition is common in Asia, especially among people who are critically ill and/or older. Study results from China, Japan, and Taiwan show that malnutrition or risk of malnutrition is found in up to 30% of communitydwelling people and as much as 50% of patients admitted to hospitals-with prevalence even higher among those older than 70 years. In Asia, malnutrition takes substantial tolls on health, physical function, and wellbeing of people affected, and it adds huge financial burdens to healthcare systems...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244581/work-related-stress-and-blood-glucose-levels
#17
A Sancini, S Ricci, F Tomei, C Sacco, A Pacchiarotti, N Nardone, P Ricci, A Suppi, D P De Cesare, V Anzelmo, R Giubilati, B Pimpinella, M V Rosati, G Tomei
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate work-related subjective stress in a group of workers on a major Italian company in the field of healthcare through the administration of a valid "questionnaire-tool indicator" (HSE Indicator Tool), and to analyze any correlation between stress levels taken from questionnaire scores and blood glucose values. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a final sample consisting of 241 subjects with different tasks. The HSE questionnaire - made up of 35 items (divided into 7 organizational dimensions) with 5 possible answers - has been distributed to all the subjects in occasion of the health surveillance examinations provided by law...
March 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241756/medical-students-experiences-of-their-own-professional-development-during-three-clinical-terms-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#18
Susanne Kalén, Hanna Lachmann, Maria Varttinen, Riitta Möller, Tomas S Bexelius, Sari Ponzer
BACKGROUND: A modern competency-based medical education is well implemented globally, but less is known about how the included learning activities contribute to medical students' professional development. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish medical students' perceptions of the offered learning activities and their experiences of how these activities were connected to their professional development as defined by the CanMEDS framework. METHODS: A prospective mixed method questionnaire study during three terms (internal medicine, scientific project, and surgery) in which data were collected by using contextual activity sampling system, i...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241070/stress-self-esteem-and-well-being-among-female-health-professionals-a-randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-impact-of-a-self-care-intervention-mediated-by-the-senses
#19
Eliseth Ribeiro Leão, Daniela Reis Dal Fabbro, Rebeca Barqueiro de Oliveira, Ingrid Ribeiro Dos Santos, Elivane da Silva Victor, Rita Lacerda Aquarone, Cristiane Benvenuto Andrade, Vivian Finotti Ribeiro, Roselaine Coelho de Oliveira, Rosa Friedlander, Daniela Santos Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Stress levels are evident among health professionals. However, there are few studies on sensory-based self-care aimed at stress management, self-esteem and subjective well-being in this group of professionals. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a self-care intervention mediated by the senses on the stress levels, self-esteem and well-being of health professionals in a hospital environment. METHODS: A total of 93 health professionals participated in an unblinded clinical trial, randomized into four groups: 1) control (no intervention); 2) Monosensory-daily body moisturizing (DBM) with odorless cream; 3) Bisensory-DBM with scented cream; 4) Multisensory-DBM with scented cream associated with audiovisual material...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230440/late-gastrointestinal-effects-of-pelvic-radiation-a-nurse-led-service
#20
Helen Ludlow, John Green, Jeff Turner
There are currently at least 2 million people in the UK living with and following a cancer diagnosis. Typically four out of every ten people with cancer will receive radiotherapy, but a large proportion of people who have pelvic radiotherapy may go on to develop gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. This includes rectal bleeding and faecal incontinence, which can have a huge impact on quality of life. These problems often go under-reported by patients and are also under-recognised or under-treated by health professionals...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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