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health professional follow up study

Anne-Marie Burn, Jane Fleming, Carol Brayne, Chris Fox, Frances Bunn
OBJECTIVES: In 2012-2013, the English National Health Service mandated hospitals to conduct systematic case-finding of people with dementia among older people with unplanned admissions. The method was not defined. The aim of this study was to understand current approaches to dementia case-finding in acute hospitals in England and explore the views of healthcare professionals on perceived benefits and challenges. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving interviews, focus groups and thematic content analysis...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Armando Silva Almodovar, Swatee Surve, David Rhys Axon, David Cooper, Milap C Nahata
BACKGROUND: Inadequacies in mental health care coverage remain an enormous problem in the United States. Barriers include scarcity of accessible mental health care professionals. Use of a mental health mobile app incorporating social cognitive theory may help improve confidence in coping skills and improve anxiety and depression. Sinasprite is a mobile app that recruited users via self-referral and clinician referral. Users completed questionnaires to obtain demographic and medical histories...
March 16, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Nicole Stone, Cynthia Graham, Sydney Anstee, Katherine Brown, Katie Newby, Roger Ingham
Background: Condoms remain the main protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when used correctly and consistently. Yet, there are many reported barriers to their use such as negative attitudes, reduced sexual pleasure, fit-and-feel problems and erection difficulties. The UK home-based intervention strategy (HIS-UK) is a behaviour change condom promotion intervention for use among young men (aged 16-25 years) designed to increase condom use by enhancing enjoyment of condom-protected intercourse...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Jae H Kang, Kerry L Ivey, Tahani Boumenna, Bernard Rosner, Janey L Wiggs, Louis R Pasquale
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between flavonoid intake and incident primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: We followed 65 516 women from the Nurses' Health Study (from 1984) and 42 156 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (from 1986) biennially to 2012, who were 40+ years old, free of POAG, and reported eye examinations. Dietary flavonoid intake was assessed with validated repeated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires. Incident POAG cases (n = 1575) were confirmed with medical record review...
March 14, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Kana Wu, Yang Hu, Yanping Li, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking (grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) and doneness preferences (rare, medium, or well done) for red meat, chicken, and fish in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. adults who consumed animal flesh regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective studies included 52,752 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, followed during 1996-2012), 60,809 women from NHS II (followed during 2001-2013), and 24,679 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, followed during 1996-2012) who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline...
March 12, 2018: Diabetes Care
Driss Berdaï, Florence Thomas-Delecourt, Karine Szwarcensztein
Early market access of health products is associated with a larger number of requests for information by the health authorities. Compared with these expectations, the growing expansion of health databases represents an opportunity for responding to questions raised by the authorities. The computerised nature of the health system provides numerous sources of data, and first and foremost medical/administrative databases such as the French National Inter-Scheme Health Insurance Information System (SNIIRAM) database...
December 30, 2017: Thérapie
Sally B Rose, Susan M Garrett, Susan R H Pullon
INTRODUCTION Sexual health guidelines recommend that partner notification and testing for reinfection are undertaken when individuals are diagnosed with bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs). AIM To understand factors influencing the effective delivery of partner notification and follow up after diagnosis of STIs in primary care, and to identify strategies that might facilitate these processes. METHODS A postal survey was sent to 216 primary care doctors and nurses working in 72 Wellington primary care settings...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Hala B AlEssa, Randy Cohen, Vasanti S Malik, Sally N Adebamowo, Eric B Rimm, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
Background: The carbohydrate-to-fiber ratio is a recommended measure of carbohydrate quality; however, its relation to incident coronary heart disease (CHD) is not currently known. Objective: We aimed to assess the relation between various measures of carbohydrate quality and incident CHD. Design: Data on diet and lifestyle behaviors were prospectively collected on 75,020 women and 42,865 men participating in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) starting in 1984 and 1986, respectively, and every 2-4 y thereafter until 2012...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Christian Graugaard, Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton, Kirsten A Boisen, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The negative impact of malignant disease on sexual and relational functioning is well-documented among adults, but scarcely investigated among adolescents and young adults. This study explored the body image, self-perceived attractiveness and sexual/romantic experiences of Danes diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years. It also aimed to clarify whether self-perceived needs for counseling were in fact met by health-care providers. METHODS: All Danes who had been diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years during the period 2009-2013 were included in a cross-sectional nationwide questionnaire study...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Catherine R Marinac, Brenda M Birmann, I-Min Lee, Bernard A Rosner, Mary K Townsend, Edward Giovannucci, Timothy R Rebbeck, Julie E Buring, Graham A Colditz
BACKGROUND: Obesity is the only known modifiable multiple myeloma (MM) risk factor. However, the influence of obesity in earlier or later adulthood and the role of other energy balance correlates in MM development are unclear. METHODS: We leveraged repeatedly updated data from the Nurses' Health Study, Health Professionals Follow-up Study, and Women's Health Study cohorts to further explore energy balance measures in MM etiology. Exposures derived from questionnaires included young adult body mass index (BMI), cumulative average BMI, BMI change since young adulthood, and cumulative average physical activity and walking...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Dawit Simegnew Ali, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Eskedar Lemlemu, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients are increasingly using herbal remedies due to the fact that sticking to the therapeutic regimens is becoming awkward. However, studies towards herbal medicine use by diabetic patients is scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to explore the prevalence and correlates of herbal medicine use with different sociodemographic variables among type 2 diabetes patients visiting the diabetic follow-up clinic of University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital (UOGCSH), Ethiopia...
March 9, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jihye Kim, Peter Kraft, Kaitlin A Hagan, Laura B Harrington, Sara Lindstroem, Christopher Kabrhel
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is highly heritable. Physical activity, physical inactivity and body mass index (BMI) are also risk factors, but evidence of interaction between genetic and environmental risk factors is limited. METHODS: Data on 2,134 VTE cases and 3,890 matched controls were obtained from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II), and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). We calculated a weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) using 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with VTE risk in published genome-wide association studies (GWAS)...
March 8, 2018: Genetic Epidemiology
Liza Cragg, Siân Williams, Thys van der Molen, Mike Thomas, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Niels H Chavannes
There is growing awareness amongst healthcare planners, providers and researchers of the need to make better use of routinely collected health data by translating it into actionable information that improves efficiency of healthcare and patient outcomes. There is also increased acceptance of the importance of real world research that recruits patients representative of primary care populations and evaluates interventions realistically delivered by primary care professionals. The UNLOCK Group is an international collaboration of primary care researchers and practitioners from 15 countries...
March 8, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Matthew Cox, Catherine O'Connor, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Oscar Bortolami, Matthew Franklin, Barbara Collins, Stephen Walters, Allan Wailoo, Julie Channell, Paul Albert, Ursula Freeman, Stephen Bourke, Michael Steiner, Jon Miles, Tom O'Brien, David McWilliams, Terry Schofield, John O'Reilly, Rodney Hughes
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects > 3 million people in the UK. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are the second most common reason for emergency hospital admission in the UK. Pulmonary rehabilitation is usual care for stable COPD but there is little evidence for early pulmonary rehabilitation (EPR) following AECOPD, either in hospital or immediately post discharge. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of recruiting patients, collecting data and delivering EPR to patients with AECOPD to evaluate EPR compared with usual care...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Wenjia Liu, Teresa E Stone, Rosanna McMaster
Background: Cultural competence has become increasingly important for Chinese health professionals because of internationalization and the opening up of China to overseas visitors and business as well as a growing awareness of the needs of minority groups within China. This study aimed to evaluate a workshop designed to improve cultural competence among Chinese undergraduate nursing students. Methods: A one-group pretest and posttest design was applied. The intervention was a one-day workshop based on transformative learning theory using a variety of teaching strategies...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
Kenneth I Pakenham, Theresa Scott, Michele Messmer Uccelli
Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is the most widely used and researched recent variant of cognitive behavioral therapy and has been shown to increase quality of life in people with chronic illnesses, including multiple sclerosis (MS). However, few MS health practitioners are trained in ACT. This study evaluated a 2-day ACT training workshop for Italian psychologists working with people with MS. Methods: Data were collected via online questionnaires from 34 psychologists before the workshop, after the workshop, and at 6-month follow-up...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
E McLachlan, S Anderson, D Hawkes, M Saville, K Arabena
Objectives: To examine factors that enhance under-screened and never-screened women's completion of the self-collection alternative pathway of the Renewed National Cervical Screening Program (ncsp) in Victoria, Australia. Background: With the Australian ncsp changing, starting on 1 December 2017, the Medical Services Advisory Committee (msac) recommended implementing human papillomavirus (hpv) testing using a self-collected sample for under-screened and never-screened populations...
February 2018: Current Oncology
Y Fu, G Yu, E McNichol, K Marczewski, S J Closs
BACKGROUND: Self-management is recommended for patients with chronic back pain. Health professionals' support for self-management can be more effective when working in partnership with patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between patient-professional partnerships and the self-management of chronic back pain. METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods study was undertaken. Adults with chronic back pain referred to pain management clinics participated at baseline and three-month follow-up...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Lydia Lera, Cecilia Albala, Bárbara Leyton, Carlos Márquez, Bárbara Angel, Rodrigo Saguez, Hugo Sánchez
Aim: This study was aimed to set reference values of hand-grip strength by age and sex and validate cut points for risk of functional limitation and mortality in older Chileans. Methods: This was a pooled analysis of four studies including 6,426 people ≥60 years of nondependent community-dwelling Chileans. After exclusion criteria, the final sample included 5,250 subjects, from whom 2,193 were followed to study all-cause mortality associated with low hand-grip strength...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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