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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789278/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-tailored-e-learning-program-for-practice-nurses-to-improve-their-adherence-to-smoking-cessation-counseling-guidelines-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Dennis de Ruijter, Math Candel, Eline Suzanne Smit, Hein de Vries, Ciska Hoving
BACKGROUND: Improving practice nurses' (PN) adherence to smoking cessation counseling guidelines will benefit the quality of smoking cessation care and will potentially lead to higher smoking abstinence rates. However, support programs to aid PNs in improving their guideline uptake and adherence do not exist yet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a novel computer-tailored electronic learning (e-learning) program on PNs' smoking cessation guideline adherence...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789205/genetic-variants-related-to-urate-and-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Katherine C Hughes, Xiang Gao, Eilis J O'Reilly, Iris Y Kim, Molin Wang, Marc G Weisskopf, Michael A Schwarzschild, Alberto Ascherio
INTRODUCTION: Higher urate concentrations have been associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and with slower rates of clinical decline in PD patients. Whether these associations reflect a neuroprotective effect of urate is unclear. Our objective was to assess whether genetic variants that modify circulating urate levels are also associated with altered PD risk. METHODS: Participants were from three large ongoing cohort studies: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), and the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort (CPS-IIN)...
May 1, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783983/economic-evaluation-of-a-dietary-intervention-for-adults-with-major-depression-the-smiles-trial
#3
Mary Lou Chatterton, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Adrienne O'Neil, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Rachelle Opie, David Castle, Sarah Dash, Laima Brazionis, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
BACKGROUND: Recently, the efficacy of dietary improvement as a therapeutic intervention for moderate to severe depression was evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. The SMILES trial demonstrated a significant improvement in Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores favouring the dietary support group compared with a control group over 12 weeks. We used data collected within the trial to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this novel intervention. METHODS: In this prospective economic evaluation, sixty-seven adults meeting DSM-IV criteria for a major depressive episode and reporting poor dietary quality were randomised to either seven sessions with a dietitian for dietary support or to an intensity matched social support (befriending) control condition...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782077/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-an-efficacy-study-for-mental-health-care-staff
#4
Ryan Askey-Jones
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a major concern within the NHS impacting negatively on mental healthcare professionals. Evidence suggests that burnout can lead to reduced productivity and reduced quality of care for patients. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated effectiveness in mitigating burnout for healthcare professionals; however no previous research has directly reported correlations between burnout and mindfulness. AIM: Does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduce burnout amongst mental healthcare professionals and are there any direct correlations between mindfulness and burnout itself?...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781381/associations-between-daytime-sleepiness-psychological-symptoms-headache-and-abdominal-pain-in-schoolchildren
#5
Marja-Liisa Gustafsson, Camilla Laaksonen, Sanna Salanterä, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Minna Aromaa
Daytime sleepiness and different symptoms are common problems affecting health and well-being of schoolchildren. This population-based cohort study included 568 children who were followed from ages 10 to 15 years. Daytime sleepiness, headache, abdominal pain, and psychological symptoms (depression, irritability or bad temper, nervousness, anxiety, and dejection) were assessed by self-administered questionnaires. The prevalence of frequent daytime sleepiness was 13% at the ages of 10 and 12 years and increased significantly up to 24% at the age of 15 ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#6
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#7
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769693/caring-for-individuals-with-a-difference-of-sex-development-dsd-a-consensus-statement
#8
REVIEW
Martine Cools, Anna Nordenström, Ralitsa Robeva, Joanne Hall, Puck Westerveld, Christa Flück, Birgit Köhler, Marta Berra, Alexander Springer, Katinka Schweizer, Vickie Pasterski
The term differences of sex development (DSDs; also known as disorders of sex development) refers to a heterogeneous group of congenital conditions affecting human sex determination and differentiation. Several reports highlighting suboptimal physical and psychosexual outcomes in individuals who have a DSD led to a radical revision of nomenclature and management a decade ago. Whereas the resulting recommendations for holistic, multidisciplinary care seem to have been implemented rapidly in specialized paediatric services around the world, adolescents often experience difficulties in finding access to expert adult care and gradually or abruptly cease medical follow-up...
May 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769170/design-and-rationale-for-a-parent-led-intervention-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-young-childhood-cancer-survivors-reboot-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#9
Lauren Touyz, Jennifer Cohen, Claire Wakefield, Allison Grech, Sarah Garnett, Paayal Gohil, Richard Cohn
BACKGROUND: Poor dietary habits are common among childhood cancer survivors, despite increasing their risk of cardio metabolic complications after cancer treatment. Here, we describe the design and rationale for a pilot telephone-based, parent-led intervention aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable intake in young cancer survivors (Reboot). OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering evidence-based telephone support to parents of childhood cancer survivors...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760239/dietary-acrylamide-intake-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-two-large-prospective-cohorts
#10
Rebecca E Graff, Eunyoung Cho, Mark A Preston, Alejandro Sanchez, Lorelei A Mucci, Kathryn M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that dietary acrylamide intake is not associated with the risk of most cancers in humans. However, a meta-analysis of five epidemiological studies found a suggestion of an increased risk of kidney cancer with higher dietary acrylamide intake. METHODS: We investigated this association in the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2014) and Nurses' Health Study (1980-2014) cohorts. Dietary acrylamide intake was calculated based on 46 acrylamide-containing foods reported on food frequency questionnaires completed every four years...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757114/intolerance-of-uncertainty-as-the-vulnerability-factor-among-parents-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-3-month-follow-up-study
#11
Marie Vander Haegen, Anne-Marie Etienne
PURPOSE: In a 3-month follow-up study, we assessed the intolerance of uncertainty in 61 parents of a childhood cancer survivor. The objective was to compare its prevalence over time. We tested these parents twice i.e., at treatment completion (time 1) and 3 months later (time 2). We hypothesized that this personality factor stayed stable and had aversive effects on cognitive processes. FINDINGS: Noticeable intolerance of uncertainty rates were found. At both assessments, results showed that this factor was central in the development of excessive worries, poor problem orientation, rumination, cognitive avoidance and positive beliefs about worry...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#12
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756258/a-prospective-analysis-of-circulating-saturated-and-monounsaturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#13
Yu-Han Chiu, Kimberly A Bertrand, Shumin Zhang, Francine Laden, Mara M Epstein, Bernard A Rosner, Stephanie Chiuve, Hannia Campos, Edward L Giovannucci, Jorge E Chavarro, Brenda M Birmann
Circulating saturated (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), which are predominantly derived from endogenous metabolism, may influence non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk by modulating inflammation or lymphocyte membrane stability. However, few biomarker studies have evaluated NHL risk associated with these fats. We conducted a prospective study of 583 incident NHL cases and 583 individually matched controls with archived pre-diagnosis red blood cell (RBC) specimens in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS)...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752908/implementation-of-pre-scheduled-follow-ups-with-education-improve-post-stroke-depression-screening-compliance-in-routine-clinical-practice
#14
Anu Berg, Maija Hujala, Pirkko Kari, Tero Tapiola
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which the mood of stroke patients is assessed and what kind of assessment methods are used in routine clinical practice, and whether pre-scheduled follow-ups with education provided to health care professionals can improve the detection of depression. DESIGN: Before-after trial with an 18-month follow-up and a review of medical records. SETTING: Acute-care hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive acute stroke patients from a health care district with a population of 132 000 during the first half of 2010 and, after the implementation of the follow-up system, during the first half of 2012 were screened for the study...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752846/it-s-like-balancing-on-a-slackline-a-description-of-how-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-describe-themselves-in-relation-to-physical-activity
#15
Annika Bay, Kristina Lämås, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Bengt Johansson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how adults with CHD describe themselves in relation to physical activity. BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended daily level of physical activity. With this in view, it is of immense importance to investigate how this population experiences physical activity. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews analysed with qualitative content analysis...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747618/evaluation-of-a-multimodal-school-based-depression-and-suicide-prevention-program-among-dutch-adolescents-design-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Mandy W M Gijzen, Daan H M Creemers, Sanne P A Rasing, Filip Smit, Rutger C M E Engels
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, suicide has been the most important cause of mortality in youth aged 15 to 29 years in the Netherlands. Depression is an important risk factor for suicidal behaviors (i.e., suicide ideation, deliberate self-harm, planning, and suicide attempts) in adolescents. Adolescents who develop depressive symptoms, are also at risk for adult depression. This developmental continuity is especially noticeable in adolescents compared to other age groups; therefore, it is necessary to develop preventive strategies for teens...
May 10, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740637/a-randomized-efficacy-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-group-intervention-to-prevent-internet-use-disorder-onset-in-adolescents-the-protect-study-protocol
#18
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Sophie Schoenmaekers
Background: The reduction of prevalence rates of Internet Use Disorder (IUD) and its effective treatment are at high priority in both public health and educational policies. School-based preventive interventions facilitate a low-threshold approach for individuals with IUD, who are typically characterized by high therapy avoidance. Moreover, indicated approaches which target adolescents at high-risk show larger effects than universal prevention programs. Simultaneously, they reduce unnecessary burden for the majority of high-school students that is not at-risk...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739742/user-needs-in-the-development-of-a-health-app-ecosystem-for-self-management-of-cystic-fibrosis-user-centered-development-approach
#19
Jacqueline Floch, Annabel Zettl, Lena Fricke, Tina Weisser, Lisbet Grut, Thomas Vilarinho, Erlend Stav, Antonio Ascolese, Cornelia Schauber
BACKGROUND: Digital self-management in cystic fibrosis (CF) is foreseen as a means toward better understanding of the disease and its treatment and better adherence to the treatment. Mobile apps hold the potential to provide access to information, motivate, and strengthen compliance. However, to deliver high-quality apps, the development should be based on thorough knowledge about user needs. Empirical research on the user-centered development of mobile apps for health care is, however, still limited...
May 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739735/effectiveness-of-a-blended-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-patients-with-moderate-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-parasol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Paula Elisabeth van Westrienen, Martijn F Pisters, Suze Aj Toonders, Marloes Gerrits, Cindy Veenhof, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms are an important health problem in primary care, with a spectrum from mild to chronic. The burden of chronic medically unexplained physical symptoms is substantial for patients, health care professionals, and society. Therefore, early identification of patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms is needed in order to prevent chronicity. The preventive screening of medically unexplained physical symptoms (PRESUME) screening method was developed using data from the electronic medical record of the patients' general practitioner and demonstrated its prognostic accuracy to identify patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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