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Dialysis, renal failure, glomerular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980292/acute-kidney-injury-complicating-nephrotic-syndrome-of-minimal-change-disease
#1
REVIEW
Alain Meyrier, Patrick Niaudet
Minimal change disease accounts for 70% to 90% of cases of nephrotic syndrome in children. It also causes nephrotic syndrome in adults, including patients older than age 60. Renal function is altered moderately in approximately 20% to 30% of patients because foot-process fusion impairs filtration of water and solutes. The glomerular filtration rate is reduced by approximately 20% to 30% and returns to baseline with remission of proteinuria. Over the past 50 years, a number of publications have reported cases of acute kidney injury occurring in approximately one-fifth to one-third of adult cases in the absence of prior or concomitant renal disease...
July 3, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962671/spectrum-of-igg4-related-kidney-disease-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
N Singh, R Nada, A Rawat, A Sharma, S K Sinha, R Ramachandran, V Kumar, H S Kohli, K L Gupta, M Rathi
IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4 RKD) is increasingly reported with varied manifestations. The present study was carried out to study the spectrum of IgG4 RKD. All patients with renal manifestation associated with conditions known to be associated with IgG4-related diseases (IgG4 RDs), or renal imaging or histology suggestive of IgG4 RKD were included and evaluated further. Patients with known extrarenal IgG4RD were also screened for renal involvement. Out of 40 patients screened over a period of 15 months, IgG4 RKD was diagnosed in 8...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932409/primary-membranous-nephropathy-presenting-with-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-25-years-after-initial-presentation-a-case-report
#3
David Massicotte-Azarniouch, Sean Barbour, Paula Blanco, Edward G Clark
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome. Rarely, it can present with rapidly-progressive renal failure and hematuria. While this may be due to lupus nephritis, superimposed anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease, or antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis, there have been rare reports of anti-GBM - and ANCA-negative crescentic glomerulonephritis presenting in primary membranous nephropathy (pMN). We present the case of a patient with long-standing pMN who developed acute deterioration of renal function and was found to have a flare of MN along with crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) despite a negative serum ANCA, anti-GBM, and antinuclear antibody (ANA) work-up...
June 22, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929484/contemporary-rates-and-predictors-of-fast-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Alan S Go, Jingrong Yang, Thida C Tan, Claudia S Cabrera, Bergur V Stefansson, Peter J Greasley, Juan D Ordonez
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent but identification of patients at high risk for fast CKD progression before reaching end-stage renal disease in the short-term has been challenging. Whether factors associated with fast progression vary by diabetes status is also not well understood. We examined a large community-based cohort of adults with CKD to identify predictors of fast progression during the first 2 years of follow-up in the presence or absence of diabetes mellitus...
June 22, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902370/the-instituto-mexicano-del-seguro-social-gives-dialysis-therapies-to-426-students-without-cost
#5
Antonio Méndez-Durán, Manuel Humberto Ignorosa-Luna, Gilberto Pérez-Aguilar, Francisco Jesús Rivera-Rodríguez, Luis Rafael López-Ocaña
Background: The Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) is the institution with the greatest health coverage in Mexico. In adherence to existing and committed to provide specialized services to specific populations (vulnerable age groups, such as children and young people in primary, secondary and higher education, productive and without social security educational training), this gives the renal replacement therapy -peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis- at no cost to students. Methods: Cross-sectional and retrospective study conducted from 1 to 30 September 2016; Census Patients with Chronical Renal Failure, sociodemographic and type of therapy are identified; direct costs are estimated...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885923/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-measures-and-clinical-outcomes-in-ckd
#6
Nisha Bansal, Leila R Zelnick, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Glenn M Chertow
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) provides a noninvasive assessment of body composition. BIA measures of cell integrity (phase angle) and hydration (vector length) have been associated with mortality among patients receiving dialysis. Whether these measures are associated with clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,751 participants with CKD in the prospective multicenter Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) who had baseline single-frequency BIA performed...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753505/off-pump-technique-reduces-surgical-mortality-after-elective-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-preoperative-renal-failure
#7
Chikara Ueki, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Ryuzo Sakata, Genichi Sakaguchi, Takehide Akimoto, Shinichi Takamoto
OBJECTIVES: Most randomized controlled trials of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have included limited numbers of patients with preoperative renal failure. This study was performed to evaluate the association between the clinical benefit of the off-pump technique and chronic kidney disease stage. METHODS: We analyzed 38,051 patients with chronic kidney disease who underwent primary nonemergent isolated CABG from 2013 to 2015 as reported in the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database-Adult section...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672718/mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-in-kidney-transplantation-time-to-consider
#8
Sophie Girerd, Frédéric Jaisser
Although patient survival is significantly improved by kidney transplantation (KT) in comparison with dialysis, it remains significantly lower than that observed in the general population. Graft function is one of the major determinants of patient survival after KT. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) could be of particular interest in this population to improve graft function and treat or prevent cardiovascular (CV) complications. In KT, ischaemia/reperfusion injury is a major factor involved in delayed graft function, which is often associated with inferior long-term graft survival...
April 17, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606257/-ifosphamide-nephrotoxicity
#9
Gaël Ensergueix, Alexandre Karras
Ifosfamide is a cytotoxic drug usually used in malignant sarcomas. The nephrotoxicity of this agent has been described essentially among children, revealed by renal failure and proximal tubulopathy. We recently conducted a retrospective multicentre study, describing 34 adult patients admitted for ifosfamide nephrotoxicity. More than 80% of them presented with renal failure, diagnosed up to 48 months after ifosfamide administration. A Fanconi syndrome with hypophosphoremia, hypokaliemia, glucosuria and low-molecular weight proteinuria, was present in two third of all cases...
April 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579873/long-term-survival-and-evolution-of-the-kidney-function-for-liver-transplant-patients-who-required-postoperative-dialysis
#10
F Rosique, J B Cabezuelo, D Ferreras, M R González-Sánchez, J Ros, J A Pons, P A Cascales-Campos, F Sánchez-Bueno, R Robles, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
Patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) frequently develop chronic kidney disease, with those who present postoperative acute kidney failure and require renal replacement therapy (RRT) at higher risk. The objective of the study was to assess the kidney function and long-term survival of patients who underwent OLT and required RRT during or in the immediate postoperative period. Medical records of OLT and postoperative RRT patients with over 6-month survival were reviewed between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579221/prolonged-dialysis-duration-is-associated-with-graft-failure-and-mortality-after-kidney-transplantation-results-from-the-french-transplant-database
#11
Mathilde Prezelin-Reydit, Christian Combe, Jérôme Harambat, Christian Jacquelinet, Pierre Merville, Lionel Couzi, Karen Leffondré
Background: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Preemptive KT (PKT) should be considered when glomerular filtration rate is <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 but European reports on the results of PKT and the effect of pretransplant dialysis are scarce. Methods: We analysed all first kidney-only transplants performed in adults in France between 2002 and 2012. A Cox multivariable model was used to investigate the association of PKT and of pretransplant dialysis time with the hazard of graft failure defined as death, return to dialysis or retransplant, whichever occurred first...
March 22, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576405/a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-and-open-surgical-repair-of-pararenal-and-paravisceral-aortic-aneurysms
#12
Giovanni Tinelli, Maria Antonietta Crea, Chiara de Waure, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Jean-Pierre Becquemin, Jonathan Sobocinski, Francesco Snider, Stéphan Haulon
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the outcomes of a current series of patients treated with fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (F-BEVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) for pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (pr-AAAs), including juxtarenal, suprarenal, and type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms. This study compares the outcomes of these procedures from two high-volume centers without the bias induced by a learning curve. METHODS: All patients with pr-AAAs undergoing repair at two centers between January 2010 and June 2016 were included in a prospective database...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402767/bardoxolone-methyl-improves-kidney-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-4-and-type-2-diabetes-post-hoc-analyses-from-bardoxolone-methyl-evaluation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-study
#13
Melanie P Chin, George L Bakris, Geoffrey A Block, Glenn M Chertow, Angie Goldsberry, Lesley A Inker, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Megan O'Grady, Pablo E Pergola, Christoph Wanner, David G Warnock, Colin J Meyer
BACKGROUND: Increases in measured inulin clearance, measured creatinine clearance, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have been observed with bardoxolone methyl in 7 studies enrolling approximately 2,600 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The largest of these studies was Bardoxolone Methyl Evaluation in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes (BEACON), a multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial which enrolled patients with T2D and CKD stage 4...
2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370406/neuropeptide-y-and-chronic-kidney-disease-progression-a-cohort-study
#14
Carmine Zoccali, Graziella D'arrigo, Daniela Leonardis, Patrizia Pizzini, Maurizio Postorino, Giovanni Tripepi, Francesca Mallamaci, Jan van den Brand, Arjan van Zuilen, Jack Wetzels, Michiel L Bots, Peter Blankestijn
Background: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a sympathetic neurotransmitter that has been implicated in various disorders including obesity, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases. Methods: We investigated the relationship between circulating NPY and the progression of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and proteinuria and the risk for a combined renal endpoint (>30% GFR loss, dialysis/transplantation) in two European chronic kidney disease (CKD) cohorts including follow-up of 753 and 576 patients for 36 and 57 months, respectively...
January 23, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338859/renal-function-and-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#15
Oscar Kolsrud, Kristjan Karason, Erik Holmberg, Sven-Erik Ricksten, Marie Felldin, Ola Samuelsson, Göran Dellgren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) is a risk factor for death and/or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after heart transplantation (HTx). METHODS: All adult patients (n = 416) who underwent HTx between 1988 and 2010 were included. mGFR was performed both preoperatively and postoperatively as annual follow-up. Eight patients received a concomitant kidney transplant (KTx), and 15 underwent late KTx due to chronic renal failure after HTx...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331397/persistent-hyperparathyroidism-as-a-risk-factor-for-long-term-graft-failure-the-need-to-discuss-indication-for-parathyroidectomy
#16
Maria Júlia Correia Lima Nepomuceno Araujo, Janaina Almeida Mota Ramalho, Rosilene Motta Elias, Vanda Jorgetti, William Nahas, Melani Custodio, Rosa M A Moysés, Elias David-Neto
BACKGROUND: Although a successful kidney transplant (KTx) improves most of the mineral and bone disorders (MBD) produced by chronic kidney disease (CKD), hyperparathyroidism may persist (pHPT). Current guidelines recommend parathyroidectomy if serum parathormone is persistently elevated 1 year after KTx, because pHPT has been recently associated with poor graft outcomes. However, whether patients with pHPT and adequate renal function are at risk for long-term graft failure is unknown...
May 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255845/use-of-the-kidney-failure-risk-equation-to-determine-the-risk-of-progression-to-end-stage-renal-disease-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Erica Winnicki, Charles E McCulloch, Mark M Mitsnefes, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Elaine Ku
Importance: The kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) has been shown to accurately estimate progression to kidney failure in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Use of the KFRE in children with CKD, if accurate, would help to optimize planning for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care. Objective: To determine whether the KFRE adequately discriminates the risk of ESRD in children with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included 603 children with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 mL/min/1...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228920/comparison-of-outcomes-between-emergent-start-and-planned-start-peritoneal-dialysis-in-incident-esrd-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Wen-Yi Li, Yi-Cheng Wang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Shih-Hua Lin, Kwan-Dun Wu, Yung-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: The clinical consequences of starting chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) after emergent dialysis via a temporary hemodialysis (HD) catheter has rarely been evaluated within a full spectrum of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated the longer-term outcomes of patients undergoing emergent-start PD in comparison with that of other practices of PD or HD in a prospective cohort of new-onset ESRD. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective observational study...
December 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187194/treatment-effects-of-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-blockade-on-kidney-failure-and-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#19
Phisitt Vejakama, Atiporn Ingsathit, Gareth J McKay, Alexander P Maxwell, Mark McEvoy, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a leading cause of death before and after onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Knowing treatments that can delay disease progression will lead to reduced mortality. We therefore aimed to estimate the effectiveness of renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade on CKD progression. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective CKD cohort at Ubon Ratchathani province, Thailand from 1997 to 2011. ESRD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <15 ml/min/1...
November 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181437/clinical-features-of-patients-treated-by-peritoneal-dialysis-for-over-a-decade
#20
Mengli Tong, Yuhui Wang, Jun Ni, Ning Weng, Chuanxia Chen, Hongyu Chen, Lindholm Bengt
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is well-established as renal replacement therapy in end stage renal disease and has survival rates similar or better than hemodialysis (HD) for the initial years on dialysis therapy. However retention rate is lower due to higher technique failure rates than in HD and few patients stay on PD for more than 10 years (PD>10 yrs ). Here we investigated clinical features characterizing PD>10 yrs patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a single center study of 450 prevalent PD patients, 35 PD>10 yrs patients (n=35) were compared with patients (n=415) who had been on PD for shorter periods of time in terms of clinical characteristics...
2017: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
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