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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749596/climate-change-climate-justice-and-environmental-health-implications-for-the-nursing-profession
#1
Patrice K Nicholas, Suellen Breakey
PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749364/bayesian-random-vector-functional-link-networks-for-robust-data-modeling
#2
Simone Scardapane, Dianhui Wang, Aurelio Uncini
Random vector functional-link (RVFL) networks are randomized multilayer perceptrons with a single hidden layer and a linear output layer, which can be trained by solving a linear modeling problem. In particular, they are generally trained using a closed-form solution of the (regularized) least-squares approach. This paper introduces several alternative strategies for performing full Bayesian inference (BI) of RVFL networks. Distinct from standard or classical approaches, our proposed Bayesian training algorithms allow to derive an entire probability distribution over the optimal output weights of the network, instead of a single pointwise estimate according to some given criterion (e...
July 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748723/applying-positive-deviance-for-improving-compliance-to-adolescent-anemia-control-program-in-tribal-communities-of-india
#3
Vani Sethi, Monique Sternin, Deepika Sharma, Arti Bhanot, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: Positive deviance (PD) is an asset-based social and behavior change communication strategy, utilizing successful outliers within a specific context. It has been applied to tackling major public health problems but not adolescent anemia. OBJECTIVE: The study, first of its kind, used PD to improve compliance to adolescent anemia control program in Jharkhand, India, where anemia prevalence in adolescent girls is 70%, and program compliance is low. METHODS: With leadership of state government, the study was designed and implemented by a multidisciplinary 42 member PD team, in Khunti district, in 2014...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747802/rashba-spin-orbit-coupling-in-graphene-monolayer-coated-by-periodic-magnetic-stripes
#4
Xiaojing Li, Zhenhua Wu, Jiangtao Liu
We investigate theoretically the effects of a modulated periodic perpendicular magnetic fields and the Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) on the electronic states and optical absorption spectrum in a graphene monolayer. The magnetic fields and supperlattice geometry give rise to distinct Dirac cone shift and open a finite bandgap at the Dirac point. In contrast to the energy spectrum without the RSOC interaction, we find that the RSOC term will develop a spin-splitting energy-momentum dispersion relation in this graphene magnetic supperlattice...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747441/brain-hemorrhage-recurrence-small-vessel-disease-type-and-cerebral-microbleeds-a-meta-analysis
#5
Andreas Charidimou, Toshio Imaizumi, Solene Moulin, Alexandro Biffi, Neshika Samarasekera, Yusuke Yakushiji, Andre Peeters, Yves Vandermeeren, Patrice Laloux, Jean-Claude Baron, Mar Hernandez-Guillamon, Joan Montaner, Barbara Casolla, Simone M Gregoire, Dong-Wha Kang, Jong S Kim, H Naka, Eric E Smith, Anand Viswanathan, Hans R Jäger, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Steven M Greenberg, Charlotte Cordonnier, David J Werring
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) risk in ICH survivors, stratified by the presence, distribution, and number of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on MRI (i.e., the presumed causal underlying small vessel disease and its severity). METHODS: This was a meta-analysis of prospective cohorts following ICH, with blood-sensitive brain MRI soon after ICH. We estimated annualized recurrent symptomatic ICH rates for each study and compared pooled odds ratios (ORs) of recurrent ICH by CMB presence/absence and presumed etiology based on CMB distribution (strictly lobar CMBs related to probable or possible cerebral amyloid angiopathy [CAA] vs non-CAA) and burden (1, 2-4, 5-10, and >10 CMBs), using random effects models...
July 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747275/classifying-glenohumeral-synovitis-a-novel-intraoperative-scoring-system
#6
Daniel E Davis, Mitchell Maltenfort, Joseph A Abboud, Charles Getz
BACKGROUND: Synovitis of the shoulder is a common entity that is poorly described. This study aims to create a simple and reliable classification system for glenohumeral synovitis, which would benefit further research related to synovitis and outcomes. METHODS: Twenty 30-second shoulder arthroscopy videos were distributed to 19 fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons. The observers responded with their years in practice, fellowship type, whether synovitis affects outcomes, and whether synovitis affects plans...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747254/simulation-of-elution-profiles-in-liquid-chromatography-ii-investigation-of-injection-volume-overload-under-gradient-elution-conditions-applied-to-second-dimension-separations-in-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography
#7
Dwight R Stoll, Ray W Sajulga, Bryan N Voigt, Eli J Larson, Lena N Jeong, Sarah C Rutan
An important research direction in the continued development of two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) is to improve the detection sensitivity of the method. This is especially important in applications where injection of large volumes of effluent from the first dimension ((1)D) column into the second dimension ((2)D) column leads to severe (2)D peak broadening and peak shape distortion. For example, this is common when coupling two reversed-phase columns and the organic solvent content of the (1)D mobile phase overwhelms the (2)D column with each injection of (1)D effluent, leading to low resolution in the second dimension...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747199/malaria-epidemiology-in-low-endemicity-areas-of-the-northern-coast-of-ecuador-high-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-infections
#8
Fabián E Sáenz, Andrea Arévalo-Cortés, Gabriela Valenzuela, Andrés F Vallejo, Angélica Castellanos, Andrea C Poveda-Loayza, Juan B Gutierrez, Alvaro Alvarez, Yi Heng Yan, Yoldy Benavides, Luis Enrique Castro, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Sócrates Herrera
BACKGROUND: The recent scale-up in malaria control measures in Latin America has resulted in a significant decrease in the number of reported cases in several countries including Ecuador, where it presented a low malaria incidence in recent years (558 reported cases in 2015) with occasional outbreaks of both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax in the coastal and Amazonian regions. This success in malaria control in recent years has led Ecuador to transition its malaria policy from control to elimination...
July 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746291/state-of-the-plastic-surgery-workforce-and-the-impact-of-graduate-medical-education-reform-on-training-of-plastic-surgeons
#9
Lindsay Janes, Steven T Lanier, Gregory R D Evans, Steven J Kasten, Keith M Hume, Arun K Gosain
BACKGROUND: Although recent estimates predict a large impending shortage of plastic surgeons, graduate medical education funding through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services remains capped by the 1997 Balanced Budget Act. The authors' aim was to develop a plan to stimulate legislative action. METHODS: The authors reviewed responses of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American College of Surgeons, and American Medical Association from January of 2015 to a House Energy & Commerce Committee request for input on graduate medical education funding...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745635/a-practical-guide-on-coupling-a-scanning-mobility-sizer-and-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometer-smps-icpms
#10
Mohamed Tarik, Debora Foppiano, Adrian Hess, Christian Ludwig
A large variety of analytical methods are available to characterize particles in aerosols and suspensions. The choice of the appropriate technique depends on the properties to be determined. In many fields information about particle size and chemical composition are of great importance. While in aerosol techniques particle size distributions of gas-borne particles are determined online, their elemental composition is commonly analyzed offline after an appropriate sampling and preparation procedure. To obtain both types of information online and simultaneously, a hyphenated setup was recently developed, including a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICPMS)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745561/epidemiology-of-hip-flexor-and-hip-adductor-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-2014-2015
#11
Timothy G Eckard, Darin A Padua, Thomas P Dompier, Sara L Dalton, Kristian Thorborg, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the rates and patterns of hip flexor or hip adductor strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of hip flexor and adductor strains in NCAA athletes during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Rates and patterns of hip flexor and adductor strains in collegiate sports were examined in a convenience sample of NCAA varsity teams from 25 sports...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745337/understanding-the-metabolism-of-the-anticancer-drug-triapine-electrochemical-oxidation-microsomal-incubation-and-in-vivo-analysis-using-lc-hrms
#12
Karla Pelivan, Lisa Frensemeier, Uwe Karst, Gunda Koellensperger, Bjoern Bielec, Sonja Hager, Petra Heffeter, Bernhard K Keppler, Christian R Kowol
α-N-Heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones are among the most promising ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors identified so far. Triapine, the most prominent representative of this class of substances, has been investigated in multiple phase I and II clinical trials. With regard to clinical practice, Triapine showed activity against hematological diseases, but ineffectiveness against a variety of solid tumors. However, the reasons are still vague and the amount of ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) data for Triapine available in the literature is very limited...
July 26, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744821/evaluating-the-effect-of-instruction-and-practice-schedule-on-the-acquisition-of-ecg-interpretation-skills
#13
Sandra Monteiro, Lindsay Melvin, Joshua Manolakos, Ameen Patel, Geoffrey Norman
INTRODUCTION: Evidence of the benefit of distributed instruction and interleaved practice comes from studies using simple materials (e. g. word pairs). Furthermore, there is currently no evidence of the combined impact of these strategies in undergraduate medical education. The present study evaluated the impact of varying both instruction and practice schedules for the acquisition of ECG interpretation skills. METHODS: We conducted a 2 × 2 factorial study with two levels of instruction (massed and distributed) and two levels of practice (interleaved and blocked)...
July 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742881/epiphytes-in-wooded-pastures-isolation-matters-for-lichen-but-not-for-bryophyte-species-richness
#14
Thomas Kiebacher, Christine Keller, Christoph Scheidegger, Ariel Bergamini
Sylvo-pastoral systems are species-rich man-made landscapes that are currently often severely threatened by abandonment or management intensification. At low tree densities, single trees in these systems represent habitat islands for epiphytic cryptogams. Here, we focused on sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) wooded pastures in the northern European Alps. We assessed per tree species richness of bryophytes and lichens on 90 sycamore maple trees distributed across six study sites. We analysed the effects of a range of explanatory variables (tree characteristics, environmental variables and isolation measures) on the richness of epiphytic bryophytes and lichens and various functional subgroups (based on diaspore size, habitat preference and red list status)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742613/the-influence-of-heavier-football-helmet-faceguards-on-head-impact-location-and-severity
#15
Julianne D Schmidt, Tracy T Phan, Ron W Courson, Fred Reifsteck, Eric D Merritt, Cathleen N Brown
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether players with heavier faceguards have increased odds of sustaining top of the head impacts and head impacts of higher severity. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: On-field. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five division I collegiate football players. INTERVENTIONS: Faceguard mass was measured. Head impact location and severity (linear acceleration [gravity], rotational acceleration [radian per square second], and Head Impact Technology severity profile [unitless]) were captured for 19 379 total head impacts at practices using the Head Impact Telemetry System...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742542/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-cryosurgery-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-consensus-statement-from-the-china-cooperative-group-of-cryosurgery-on-pancreatic-cancer-international-society-of-cryosurgery-and-asian-society-of-cryosurgery
#16
Lihua He, Lizhi Niu, Nikolai N Korpan, Sajio Sumida, Yueyong Xiao, Jiaping Li, Barlian Sutedja, Youyong Lu, Jiansheng Zuo, Jianguo Liu, Kecheng Xu
Pancreatic cancer (PC), one of the most lethal malignancies, accounts for 8% to 10% of digestive system cancers, and the incidence is increasing. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been the main treatment methods but are not very effective. Cryosurgery was first used in 1984 for treatment of locally advanced PC and has since become a considerable treatment for most cases of unresectable PC. During the past decade, cryosurgery has been applied in some hospitals in China, and the newly developed technique of computed tomography- and/or ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryosurgery has shown better results than chemotherapy in cases of unresectable locally advanced PC, with the 1-year survival rate reported to be more than 50%...
July 24, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742531/variable-volume-kinetic-model-to-estimate-absolute-blood-volume-in-patients-on-dialysis-using-dialysate-dilution
#17
Hamed Samandari, Daniel Schneditz, Michael J Germain, Joseph Horowitz, Christopher V Hollot, Yossi Chait
Long- and short-term adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) have been associated with intradialytic hypotension, a common HD complication and significant cause of morbidity. It has been suggested that knowledge of absolute blood volume (ABV) could be used to significantly improve treatment outcomes. Different dilution-based protocols have been proposed for estimating ABV, all relying on the classic mono-exponential back-extrapolation algorithm (BEXP). In this paper, we introduce a dialysate dilution protocol and an estimation algorithm based on a variable-volume, two-compartment, intravascular blood water content kinetic model (VVKM)...
July 24, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742051/cooperative-tracking-of-networked-agents-with-a-high-dimensional-leader-qualitative-analysis-and-performance-evaluation
#18
Guanghui Wen, Tingwen Huang, Wenwu Yu, Yuanqing Xia, Zhi-Wei Liu
Cooperative consensus tracking and its L²-gain performance is investigated in this paper for a class of multiple agent systems (MASs) in the presence of a single high-dimensional leader. Compared with the traditional models for MASs, the inherent dynamics of the leader are allowed to be different with those of the followers in the present framework, which is thus much more favorable in various practical applications. A new kind of distributed controllers associated with a reduced-order state observer are designed for each follower to track the high-dimensional leader under directed switching topology...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741700/financial-aspects-of-organ-procurement-from-deceased-donors-in-the-usa-relevance-to-xenotransplantation
#19
REVIEW
Ryan J Saari, David K C Cooper
When clinical xenotransplantation is introduced, the costs associated with acquisition of a genetically engineered pig organ are as yet unknown. How will these costs compare with those currently associated with the acquisition of deceased human organs? An understanding of the financial aspects of deceased organ and tissue procurement in the USA is therefore worthwhile. We have therefore attempted to review certain economic aspects of non-profit and for-profit organizations that provide cadaveric organs and/or tissues for purposes of transplantation into patients with end-stage organ failure, cellular deficiencies, or in need of reconstructive procedures...
July 25, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741189/-sexting-as-a%C3%A2-risk-on-consensual-and-non-consensual-distribution-of-personal-erotic-pictures-using-digital-media
#20
REVIEW
Arne Dekker, Thula Koops
BACKGROUND: Digital media are used for the purpose of various sexual experiences. In recent years the exchange of erotic text messages or images ("sexting") has gained the attention of academic research and has increasingly been the center of public discussion on sexual boundary violations and violence via digital media. The unwanted forwarding of images to a third party is especially relevant in this respect. In contrast to media reports about sexting as a risk behavior with serious consequences, there is little empirical analysis about the actual sexting practice of adolescents and adults in Germany...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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