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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887192/integrating-smartphone-technology-social-support-and-the-outdoor-physical-environment-to-improve-fitness-among-adults-at-risk-of-or-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-findings-from-the-ecofit-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Magdalena Wilczynska, Kristen E Cohen, Jordan J Smith, David R Lubans
The risk and prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has dramatically increased over the past decade. The aim of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate a physical activity intervention to improve aerobic and muscular fitness among adults at risk of, or diagnosed with T2D. A 20-week, assessor blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at the University of Newcastle (June-December 2015). Adults were randomized to the intervention (n=42) or wait-list control group (n=42). The theory-based intervention included: Phase 1 (weeks 1-10) integrated group sessions (outdoor physical activity and cognitive mentoring), and the eCoFit smartphone application (app)...
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865989/risk-of-major-limb-amputation-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-and-accompanying-disease-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Basel Sharaf, Nae-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Limb amputation in diabetic patients raises important issues regarding low quality of life and survival rates. This meta-analysis aimed to identify predictive factors accompanying diseases with high major amputation rates in diabetic patients. METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases. Eight variables were extracted from the included studies and evaluated according to major amputation rates...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834847/new-onset-of-diabetes-and-pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-benign-and-malignant-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-long-term-results
#3
Hans G Beger, Bertram Poch, Benjamin Mayer, Marco Siech
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and severity of new onset of diabetes mellitus (NODM) and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for benign and malignant tumors. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: When PD is performed on patients for benign tumors, the question of long-term metabolic dysfunctions becomes of importance. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for articles reporting results of measuring endocrine and exocrine pancreatic functions after PD...
August 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761647/the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-incident-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
Waseem Abu-Ashour, Laurie Twells, James Valcour, Amy Randell, Jennifer Donnan, Patricia Howse, John-Michael Gamble
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association between diabetes and the risk of incident infections by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Two reviewers independently screened articles identified from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, IPA, and Web of Science databases. Cohort studies (CS) or case-control studies (CCS) evaluating the incidence of infections in adults with diabetes were included. Infections were classified as: skin and soft tissue, respiratory, blood, genitourinary, head and neck, gastrointestinal, bone, viral, and non-specified infections...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#5
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702765/association-between-serum-plasma-adiponectin-levels-and-immune-mediated-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#6
Ming-Yue Zhang, Ahmed Ali Dini, Xiao-Ke Yang, Lian-Ju Li, Guo-Cui Wu, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
Adiponectin plays an important role in the development of immune-mediated diseases. Currently published data regarding the relationship between serum/plasma levels of adiponectin and immune-mediated diseases are inconsistent. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to explore the association of serum/plasma adiponectin levels with immune-mediated diseases in humans. Systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by random-effect model analysis...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702177/socioeconomic-status-and-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mainland-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-a-systematic-review
#7
Hongjiang Wu, Xiangrui Meng, Sarah H Wild, Danijela Gasevic, Caroline A Jackson
BACKGROUND: China is estimated to have had the largest number of people with diabetes in the world in 2015, with extrapolation of existing data suggesting that this situation will continue until at least 2030. Type 2 diabetes has been reported to be more prevalent among people with low socioeconomic status (SES) in high-income countries, whereas the opposite pattern has been found in studies from low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a systematic review to describe the cross-sectional association between SES and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Chinese in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697826/-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-chinese-neonates-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yi Liu, Bei Zhu, Lin Zhuo, Ming-Yu He, Yang Xu, Tong-Tong Wang, Qing-Qing Cai, Bin Hu, Ji-Cheng Xu, Wen-Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the major risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD) in Chinese neonates and to provide a reference for the prevention of CHD. METHODS: A literature search was performed to collect the case-control studies on the risk factors for CHD in Chinese neonates published in 2001-2016. The relevant data were extracted accordingly. The quality of included studies was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using different models to analyze the same data...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682679/influence-of-epidemiologic-and-patient-behavior-related-predictors-on-amputation-rates-in-diabetic-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Nae-Ho Lee, Kyung-Moo Yang
Amputation of patients with diabetic foot is a major issue worldwide, particularly from a medical and economic standpoint. This meta-analysis aimed to identify significant risk factors of high amputation rate among epidemiologic and patient behavior-related predictors in diabetic patients. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. Seven variables were extracted from the included studies and evaluated based on amputation rate. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of the studies...
March 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670345/the-comparative-efficacy-of-angiosome-directed-and-indirect-revascularisation-strategies-to-aid-healing-of-chronic-foot-wounds-in-patients-with-co-morbid-diabetes-mellitus-and-critical-limb-ischaemia-a-literature-review
#10
Benedictine Y C Khor, Pamela Price
BACKGROUND: Ischaemic ulcerations have been reported to persist and/or deteriorate despite technically successful revascularisations; a higher incidence of which affects patients with diabetes and critical limb ischaemia. In the context of wound healing, it is unclear if applications of the angiosome concept in 'direct revascularisation' (DR) would be able to aid the healing of chronic foot ulcerations better than the current 'best vessel' or 'indirect revascularisation' (IR) strategy in patients with co-morbid diabetes and critical limb ischaemia...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501338/risk-factors-for-metabolic-syndrome-after-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Line Buch Thoefner, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Allan Rasmussen
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events, which contributes to the elevated mortality rate among liver transplant recipients. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for metabolic syndrome after liver transplantation. METHODS: The databases Medline and Scopus were searched for observational studies evaluating prevalence and risk factors for metabolic syndrome after liver transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481654/binocular-summation-and-control-of-intermittent-exotropia
#12
Fatma Yulek, Federico G Velez, Sherwin J Isenberg, Joseph L Demer, Stacy L Pineles
BACKGROUND: Binocular summation (BiS), or improvement in binocular vision exceeding the better eye alone, is affected by strabismus. Being easily measured, BiS may be a useful indicator for subjective outcomes like stereopsis in strabismus. This study aims to investigate the relationship between BiS and measures of control of intermittent exotropia (IXT). METHODS: Patients with IXT were recruited before undergoing strabismus surgery and underwent tests of binocular and monocular high- and low-contrast visual acuity, stereopsis at distance and near, and Newcastle Control Score (NCS), a score developed by incorporating home control and clinic control criteria into a control rating scale...
May 8, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471959/diabetes-mellitus-and-arthritis-is-it-a-risk-factor-or-comorbidity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Qing Dong, Hua Liu, Daren Yang, Yunyan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Investigators have explored the association between diabetes mellitus and arthritis for a long time; however, there are uncertainties and inconsistencies among various studies. In this study, we tried to explore the relationship between diabetes mellitus and the overall risk of arthritis, as well as the potential modifiers for this relationship. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search through PubMed and identified 36 eligible studies...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422831/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-subsequent-ovarian-cancer-in-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#14
REVIEW
Lihua Wang, Liangliang Wang, Jing Zhang, Beibei Wang, Hongli Liu
Epidemiologic studies have suggested that diabetes mellitus (DM) might be associated with risk of ovarian cancer; however, the results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between DM and the incidence of ovarian cancer on the basis of cohort studies.Relevant studies from PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library until September 2016 were collected. The summary risk ratio (RR) was used as the effect measure in a random effects model. Sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis, and calculation of publication bias were conducted...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403088/changes-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-diabetic-nephropathy-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Yong-Chao Qiao, Yin-Ling Chen, Yan-Hong Pan, Wei Ling, Fang Tian, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
BACKGROUND: The existing evidence indicates increased levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and those with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN); yet no meta-analysis displays a reliable result. Here we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate characteristic changes of TGF-β1 in T2DM and diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for eligible studies, which reported the association of TGF-β1 withT2DM and T2DN patients, in PubMed, Wangfang, Chinese-Cqvip, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure database, from February 1, 1991 to December 15, 2015...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347218/enablers-and-barriers-to-using-two-way-information-technology-in-the-management-of-adults-with-diabetes-a-descriptive-systematic-review
#16
Emma M Macdonald, Byron M Perrin, Michael Ic Kingsley
Background This systematic review aimed to explore the enablers and barriers faced by adults with diabetes using two-way information communication technologies to support diabetes self-management. Methods Relevant literature was obtained from five databases using search strategies combining four major constructs: adults with diabetes, biomedical technology, communication technology and patient utilisation. Results Of 8430 unique articles identified, 48 were included for review. Risk of bias was assessed using either the Newcastle-Ottowa or Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346753/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-hyperglycaemia-and-peri-implant-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Alberto Monje, Andres Catena, Wenche S Borgnakke
AIM: This systematic review investigates whether hyperglycaemia/diabetes mellitus is associated with peri-implant diseases (peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searching was conducted. An a priori case definition for peri-implantitis was used as an inclusion criterion to minimize risk of bias. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for quality assessment; random effect models were applied; and results were reported according to the PRISMA Statement...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285652/circulating-adiponectin-levels-in-relation-to-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-presence-ischemic-stroke-risk-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#18
REVIEW
Jessica Gorgui, Karina Gasbarrino, Marios K Georgakis, Maria A Karalexi, Bénédicte Nauche, Eleni Th Petridou, Stella S Daskalopoulou
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and vasculoprotective adipokine, are associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerotic disease. Presence of unstable plaques in the carotid artery is a known etiological factor causing ischemic strokes. Herein, we systematically reviewed the association between circulating adiponectin and progression of carotid atherosclerotic disease, particularly evaluating the occurrence of (1) carotid atherosclerotic plaques, (2) ischemic stroke, and (3) mortality in subjects who suffered a previous ischemic stroke...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274344/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-abnormal-glucose-metabolism-in-the-inpatient-psychiatric-setting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Emmert Roberts, Leah Jones, Alexandra Blackman, Thomas Dewhurst, Faith Matcham, Carol Kan, Omar Mustafa, Toral Thomas, Najma Siddiqi, Khalida Ismail, Hermione Price
OBJECTIVE: To systematically determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in psychiatric inpatients and explore the impact of patient and study variables on prevalence estimates. METHOD: We searched EMBASE, PsychINFO, Medline and CENTRAL from database inception until 1st December 2015. We included studies of any design reporting prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in any adult psychiatric inpatients...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271076/metformin-improves-overall-survival-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Fanqiang Meng, Li Song, Wenyue Wang
Introduction. Diabetic population has a higher risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality than nondiabetics. The role of metformin in CRC prognosis is still controversial. The meta-analysis aims to investigate whether metformin improves the survival of diabetic CRC patients. Methods. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched till July 1, 2016. Cohort studies were included. All articles were evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Hazard Ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each study were calculated and pooled HRs with corresponding 95% CIs were generated using the random-effects model...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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