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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692033/-spatial-interpolation-model-of-soil-organic-carbon-density-considering-land-use-and-spatial-heterogeneity
#1
Zi Hao Wu, Yan Fang Liu, Yi Yun Chen, Long Guo, Qing Hu Jiang, Shao Chen Wang
Soil organic carbon pool is an important component of terrestrial carbon pool. Soil organic carbon pool and its dynamic change have important influence on carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystem. Soil organic carbon density (SOCD) is an important parameter of soil carbon storage, and it is also an important index to evaluate farmland soil quality. Accurate prediction of regional organic carbon density spatial distribution is of great significance to the development of precision agriculture. A total of 242 farmland soil samples collected from the Jianghan Plain were used to explore the effects of land use types on the spatial distribution of SOCD in plain areas...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692010/-knot-attributes-of-korean-pine-plantation-based-on-mixed-effect-model
#2
Wei Wei Jia, Can Cui, Feng Ri Li
Based on 1534 knot data from 60 sample trees in a Korean pine plantation in Mengjiagang Forest Farm, Heilongjiang Province, China, mixed effect model of knot attributefactors (knot diameter, sound knot length, year of death of knot and knot angle) of Korean pine plantation was established using NLMIXED and GLIMMIX procedures of SAS software. The prediction accuracy of models was compared using evaluation statistics, such as Akaike information criterion (AIC), Bayesian information criterion (BIC), -2Log likelihood(-2LL), and likelihood ratio test (LRT)...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691991/predicting-acute-renal-injury-in-cancer-patients-receiving-cisplatin-using-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-cystatin-c
#3
Michael J Jelinek, Sang Mee Lee, Alicia Wyche Okpareke, Claudia Wing, Jay L Koyner, Patrick T Murray, Walter M Stadler, Peter H O' Donnell
Acute kidney injury (AKI) limits cisplatin use. We tested whether urine cystatin C (uCyC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) can preidentify patients at risk for AKI. Patients initiating cisplatin-based chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. uNGAL/uCyC were measured pre/post-cisplatin administration and compared with serum creatinine (sCr). AKI was defined as sCr increase ≥50% or ≥0.3 mg/dL above baseline. In all, 102 patients were enrolled; 95 provided evaluable data. Twenty-five patients developed AKI...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691943/distinguishable-brain-networks-relate-disease-susceptibility-to-symptom-expression-in-schizophrenia
#4
Zhaowen Liu, Jie Zhang, Kai Zhang, Junying Zhang, Xiaojing Li, Wei Cheng, Mingli Li, Liansheng Zhao, Wei Deng, Wanjun Guo, Xiaohong Ma, Qiang Wang, Paul M Matthews, Jianfeng Feng, Tao Li
Disease association studies have characterized altered resting-state functional connectivities describing schizophrenia, but failed to model symptom expression well. We developed a model that could account for symptom severity and meanwhile relate this to disease-related functional pathology. We correlated BOLD signal across brain regions and tested separately for associations with disease (disease edges) and with symptom severity (symptom edges) in a prediction-based scheme. We then integrated them in an "edge bi-color" graph, and adopted mediation analysis to test for causality between the disease and symptom networks and symptom scores...
April 24, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691940/novel-cask-mutations-in-cases-with-syndromic-microcephaly
#5
Francesca Cristofoli, Koen Devriendt, Erica E Davis, Hilde Van Esch, Joris R Vermeesch
Mutations in CASK cause a wide spectrum of phenotypes in humans ranging from mild X-linked intellectual disability to a severe microcephaly (MC) and pontocerebellar hypoplasia syndrome. Nevertheless, predicting pathogenicity and phenotypic consequences of novel CASK mutations through the exclusive consideration of genetic information and population-based data remains a challenge. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified four novel CASK mutations in individuals with syndromic MC. To understand the functional consequences of the different point mutations on the development of MC and cerebellar defects we established a transient loss of function zebrafish model, and demonstrate recapitulation of relevant neuroanatomical phenotypes...
April 24, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691929/optical-dampening-of-the-refractive-error-to-axial-length-ratio-implications-for-outcome-measures-in-myopia-control-studies
#6
Fiona E Cruickshank, Nicola S Logan
PURPOSE: To gauge the extent to which differences in the refractive error axial length relationship predicted by geometrical optics are observed in actual refractive/biometric data. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of existing data. Right eye refractive error [RX] and axial length [AXL] data were collected on 343 6-to-7-year-old children [mean 7.18 years (S.D. 0.35)], 294 12-to-13-year-old children [mean 13.12 years (S.D. 0.32)] and 123 young adults aged 18-to-25-years [mean 20...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691918/the-relationships-among-aberrant-salience-reward-motivation-and-reward-sensitivity
#7
Suzanne R Neumann, Richard J Linscott
OBJECTIVES: Change in reward processing and motivation may mediate the relationship between dopaminergic dysregulation and positive symptoms of schizophrenia. We sought to investigate the measurement of aberrant salience and its relationship with behavioural measures of reward and motivation. METHODS: Participants (n = 82) completed measures of aberrant salience (Aberrant Salience Inventory and Salience Attribution Task), motivation (Effort Expenditure for Rewards Task), and reinforcer sensitivity (Stimulus Chase Task)...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691839/gene-expression-profiles-for-a-prognostic-immunoscore-in-gastric-cancer
#8
D Zeng, R Zhou, Y Yu, Y Luo, J Zhang, H Sun, J Bin, Y Liao, J Rao, Y Zhang, W Liao
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has indicated an association between immune infiltration in gastric cancer and clinical outcome. However, reliable prognostic signatures, based on systematic assessments of the immune landscape inferred from bulk tumour transcriptomes, have not been established. The aim was to develop an immune signature, based on the cellular composition of the immune infiltrate inferred from bulk tumour transcriptomes, to improve the prognostic predictions of gastric cancer...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691799/the-discriminative-power-of-stop-bang-as-a-screening-tool-for-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-clinically-referred-patients-considering-gender-differences
#9
Jin Mou, Bethann M Pflugeisen, Brian A Crick, Paul J Amoroso, Kirk T Harmon, Stephen F Tarnoczy, S Shirley Ho, Kimberly A Mebust
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most commonly seen clinical sleep disorder. STOP-Bang, a widely used screening tool, yields a composite score based on eight dichotomized items including male gender. This study was designed to validate STOP-Bang among clinically referred patients and tested alternative scoring designs on tool performance, with a focus on gender differences in OSA. METHOD: STOP-Bang was administered to 403 female and 532 male subjects, followed by comprehensive sleep evaluation that included measurement of apnea-hypopnea indexes...
April 24, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691779/nomogram-and-validity-of-a-model-for-predicting-malnutrition-in-patients-on-liver-transplant-lists
#10
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients. AIMS: Determine variables associated with malnutrition and create a nomogram in liver transplant candidates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n = 110). VARIABLES: demographic variables, imbalances due to the disease, transplant aetiology and analytical parameters...
April 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691758/gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-young-adult-patients-patterns-of-care-and-survival-in-the-united-states
#11
Brian De, Ryan Rhome, Vikram Jairam, Umut Özbek, Randall F Holcombe, Michael Buckstein, Celina Ang
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding gastric cancer patients < 40 years old is limited. This study examines young adults with gastric adenocarcinoma in the National Cancer Database to describe demographics and treatment practices, and to develop a nomogram to predict survival. METHODS: The database was queried for adult patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma from 2004 to 2013. Patients were stratified into two age groups: <40 and ≥ 40 years. The database was analyzed to compare demographics, clinical characteristics, and treatments used for each group...
April 24, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691738/a-novel-physiobiological-parameter-based-grading-system-for-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Takehiro Okabayashi, Yasuo Shima, Tatsuaki Sumiyoshi, Kenta Sui, Jun Iwata, Sojiro Morita, Yasuhiro Shimada, Tatsuo Iiyama
BACKGROUND: Preoperative methods to estimate disease-specific survival (DSS) for resectable pancreatic cancer are limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a pretreatment physiobiological prognostic model in patients with radiologically resectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained institutional database was undertaken to identify patients who underwent potentially curative resection for radiologically resectable pancreatic cancer...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691712/gc-formula-see-text-nmf-a-novel-matrix-factorization-framework-for-gene-phenotype-association-prediction
#13
Yaogong Zhang, Jiahui Liu, Xiaohu Liu, Yuxiang Hong, Xin Fan, Yalou Huang, Yuan Wang, Maoqiang Xie
Gene-phenotype association prediction can be applied to reveal the inherited basis of human diseases and facilitate drug development. Gene-phenotype associations are related to complex biological processes and influenced by various factors, such as relationship between phenotypes and that among genes. While due to sparseness of curated gene-phenotype associations and lack of integrated analysis of the joint effect of multiple factors, existing applications are limited to prediction accuracy and potential gene-phenotype association detection...
April 24, 2018: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691655/loss-of-function-mutations-in-vars-encoding-cytoplasmic-valyl-trna-synthetase-cause-microcephaly-seizures-and-progressive-cerebral-atrophy
#14
Joshi Stephen, Sheela Nampoothiri, Aditi Banerjee, Nathanial J Tolman, Josef Martin Penninger, Ullrich Elling, Chukwuma A Agu, John D Burke, Kalpana Devadathan, Rajesh Kannan, Yan Huang, Peter J Steinbach, Susan A Martinis, William A Gahl, May Christine V Malicdan
Progressive microcephaly and neurodegeneration are genetically heterogenous conditions, largely associated with genes that are essential for the survival of neurons. In this study, we interrogate the genetic etiology of two siblings from a non-consanguineous family with severe early onset of neurological manifestations. Whole exome sequencing identified novel compound heterozygous mutations in VARS that segregated with the proband: a missense (c.3192G>A; p.Met1064Ile) and a splice site mutation (c.1577-2A>G)...
April 24, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691632/mathematical-modeling-of-climate-change-and-malaria-transmission-dynamics-a-historical-review
#15
REVIEW
Steffen E Eikenberry, Abba B Gumel
Malaria, one of the greatest historical killers of mankind, continues to claim around half a million lives annually, with almost all deaths occurring in children under the age of five living in tropical Africa. The range of this disease is limited by climate to the warmer regions of the globe, and so anthropogenic global warming (and climate change more broadly) now threatens to alter the geographic area for potential malaria transmission, as both the Plasmodium malaria parasite and Anopheles mosquito vector have highly temperature-dependent lifecycles, while the aquatic immature Anopheles habitats are also strongly dependent upon rainfall and local hydrodynamics...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691545/newtonian-to-non-newtonian-fluid-transition-of-a-model-transient-network
#16
Giovanni Nava, Tie Yang, Valerio Vitali, Paolo Minzioni, Ilaria Cristiani, Francesca Bragheri, Roberto Osellame, Lucas Bethge, Sven Klussmann, Elvezia Maria Paraboschi, Rosanna Asselta, Tommaso Bellini
The viscosity of gel-forming fluids is notoriously complex and its study can benefit from new model systems that enable a detailed control of the network features. Here we use a novel and simple microfluidic-based active microrheology approach to study the transition from Newtonian to non-Newtonian behavior in a DNA hydrogel whose structure, connectivity, density of bonds, bond energy and kinetics are strongly temperature dependent and well known. In a temperature range of 15 °C, the system reversibly and continuously transforms from a Newtonian dispersion of low-valence nanocolloids into a strongly shear-thinning fluid, passing through a set of intermediate states where it behaves as a power-law fluid...
April 25, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691522/non-equilibrium-phase-transition-in-a-model-for-supercoiling-dependent-dna-transcription
#17
A Bentivoglio, M Ancona, C A Brackley, G Gonnella, D Marenduzzo
We study a variant of a recently proposed non-equilibrium stochastic model for supercoiling-dependent transcription in DNA. In the case of a circular DNA molecule with overall positive supercoiling, we find a non-equilibrium phase transition between an absorbing phase, where all genes are switched off due to the supercoiling, and an active phase with a non-zero transcription rate. Mean field theory predicts that the transition should be continuous at a critical value of the background supercoiling, and we focus our analysis on this case...
April 25, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691486/comparison-of-the-prognostic-value-of-different-skeletal-muscle-radiodensity-parameters-in-endometrial-cancer
#18
Nathalia Silva de Paula, Camila Santos Rodrigues, Gabriela Villaça Chaves
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent data have shown that dividing skeletal muscle (SM) into sub-ranges of radiodensity can improve the prediction of short-term outcomes in the oncology setting. We aim to investigate whether the skeletal muscle mass, when divided into sub-ranges of low or high-radiodensity, improves the prediction of short-term survival in endometrial cancer (EC) patients when compared to average muscle attenuation and to the overall skeletal muscle radiodensity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: EC patients who had computed tomography (CT) images available within 30 days before treatment were enrolled in this retrospective cohort (n = 232)...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691432/human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-basal-membrane-bending-on-gratings-is-dependent-on-both-grating-width-and-curvature
#19
Yukai Zeng, Sum Thai Wong, Soo Kng Teo, Kam W Leong, Keng-Hwee Chiam, Evelyn K F Yim
The topography of the extracellular substrate provides physical cues to elicit specific downstream biophysical and biochemical effects in cells. An example of such a topographical substrate is periodic gratings, where the dimensions of the periodic gratings influence cell morphology and directs cell differentiation. We first develop a novel sample preparation technique using Spurr's resin to allow for cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy imaging of cells on grating grooves, and observed that the plasma membrane on the basal surface of these cells can deform and bend into grooves between the gratings...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691416/virus-encoded-mirnas-in-ebola-virus-disease
#20
Janice Duy, Anna N Honko, Louis A Altamura, Sandra L Bixler, Suzanne Wollen-Roberts, Nadia Wauquier, Aileen O'Hearn, Eric M Mucker, Joshua C Johnson, Joshua D Shamblin, Justine Zelko, Miriam A Botto, James Bangura, Moinya Coomber, M Louise Pitt, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Randal J Schoepp, Arthur J Goff, Timothy D Minogue
Ebola virus (EBOV) is a negative-strand RNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm and causes an often-fatal hemorrhagic fever. EBOV, like other viruses, can reportedly encode its own microRNAs (miRNAs) to subvert host immune defenses. miRNAs are short noncoding RNAs that can regulate gene expression by hybridizing to multiple mRNAs, and viral miRNAs can enhance viral replication and infectivity by regulating host or viral genes. To date, only one EBOV miRNA has been examined in human infection. Here, we assayed mouse, rhesus macaque, cynomolgus macaque, and human samples infected with three EBOV variants for twelve computationally predicted viral miRNAs using RT-qPCR...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
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