keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

predictive models

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732401/can-brook-trout-survive-climate-change-in-large-rivers-if-it-rains
#1
Eric R Merriam, Rodrigo Fernandez, J Todd Petty, Nicolas Zegre
We provide an assessment of thermal characteristics and climate change vulnerability for brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) habitats in the upper Shavers Fork sub-watershed, West Virginia. Spatial and temporal (2001-2015) variability in observed summer (6/1-8/31) stream temperatures was quantified in 23 (9 tributary, 14 main-stem) reaches. We developed a mixed effects model to predict site-specific mean daily stream temperature from air temperature and discharge and coupled this model with a hydrologic model to predict future (2016-2100) changes in stream temperature under low (RCP 4...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732395/microalgae-bacteria-models-evolution-from-microalgae-steady-state-to-integrated-microalgae-bacteria-wastewater-treatment-models-a-comparative-review
#2
REVIEW
Alessandro Solimeno, Joan García
The search for environmentally neutral alternative fuels had revived the interest for microalgae-bacteria wastewater treatment systems. The potential achieving of bioproducts from microalgae biomass has also greatly contributed. The reactions that occur in these systems are complex, and the degree of scientific knowledge is still scarce compared to that of conventional bacteria wastewater treatments. Mathematical models offer a great opportunity to study the simultaneous effect of the multiple factors affecting microalgae and bacteria, thus allowing for the prediction of final biomass production, and contributing to the system design optimization in terms of operation and control...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732381/lymph-node-ratio-but-not-the-total-number-of-examined-lymph-nodes-or-lymph-node-metastasis-is-a-predictor-of-overall-survival-for-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-after-surgical-resection
#3
Peng Liu, Xianbin Zhang, Yuru Shang, Lili Lu, Fei Cao, Min Sun, Zhaohui Tang, Brigitte Vollmar, Peng Gong
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic significance of lymph node metastasis, extent of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) and lymph node ratio (LNR) for resected pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically resected pNENs were assimilated from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the prognostic effect of clinicopathological characteristics on overall survival; Harrell's concordance index was performed to assess the prognostic accuracy of all independent prognostic factors; and the Spearman's rank correlation was used to assess the correlation between LNR and other clinicopathological characteristics...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732365/preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-tumor-related-factors-to-predict-microvascular-invasion-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Yanlong Yu, Jiuling Song, Ran Zhang, Zhonghua Liu, Qiang Li, Ying Shi, Ying Chen, Jinming Chen
Small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is less invasive and has a better prognosis, but it still has a high recurrence rate. Microvascular invasion (MVI), as a poor prognostic indicator, is of great importance for treating of patients with HCC. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and possible clinical parameters to MVI in patients with HCC. A total of 157 operable patients with HCC having a tumor diameter of less than or equal to 5 cm were enrolled in this study...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732353/serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-its-binding-protein-3-as-prognostic-factors-for-the-incidence-progression-and-outcome-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Jing Wang, Yu-Chuan Li, Min Deng, Hai-Yin Jiang, Li-Hua Guo, Wen-Juan Zhou, Bing Ruan
PURPOSE: Previous studies have supported an association between serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) levels and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the results were inaccurate. It has recently been proposed that IGF1 and IGFBP3 play roles in the time-to-progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) of HCC patients. Our results revealed that serum IGF1 level is predictive of the progression and survival of HCC patients. RESULTS: HCC was associated with a significant reduction in serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels compared to cirrhosis (p = 0...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732336/using-machine-learning-to-identify-air-pollution-exposure-profiles-associated-with-early-cognitive-skills-among-u-s-children
#6
Jeanette A Stingone, Om P Pandey, Luz Claudio, Gaurav Pandey
Data-driven machine learning methods present an opportunity to simultaneously assess the impact of multiple air pollutants on health outcomes. The goal of this study was to apply a two-stage, data-driven approach to identify associations between air pollutant exposure profiles and children's cognitive skills. Data from 6900 children enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, a national study of children born in 2001 and followed through kindergarten, were linked to estimated concentrations of 104 ambient air toxics in the 2002 National Air Toxics Assessment using ZIP code of residence at age 9 months...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732333/p-nitrophenol-degradation-by-electro-fenton-process-pathway-kinetic-model-and-optimization-using-central-composite-design
#7
J Meijide, E Rosales, M Pazos, M A Sanromán
The chemical process scale-up, from lab studies to industrial production, is challenging and requires deep knowledge of the kinetic model and the reactions that take place in the system. This knowledge is also useful in order to be employed for the reactor design and the determination of the optimal operational conditions. In this study, a model substituted phenol such as p-nitrophenol was degraded by electro-Fenton process and the reaction products yielded along the treatment were recorded. The kinetic model was developed using Matlab software and was based on main reactions that occurred until total mineralization which allowed predicting the degradation pathway under this advanced oxidation process...
July 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732293/investigation-of-the-wash-off-process-using-an-innovative-portable-rainfall-simulator-allowing-continuous-monitoring-of-flow-and-turbidity-at-the-urban-surface-outlet
#8
Saja Al Ali, Céline Bonhomme, Philippe Dubois, Ghassan Chebbo
Development of appropriate models, based on an in-depth understanding of the wash-off process, is essential to accurately estimating pollutant loads transported by stormwater, thereby minimizing environmental contamination. To this end, we developed an innovative rainfall simulator, which simulated an intense rainfall (120mm/h) and permitted the acquisition of runoff samples as well as the in situ monitoring of continuous flow and turbidity dynamics. Relationships between deposited sediments and total suspended solids in simulated runoff were thus investigated on two different types of surfaces within the Paris region in terms of loads and particle size distribution...
July 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732244/thyroglossal-duct-cysts-in-children-sonographic-features-every-radiologist-should-know-and-their-histopathological-correlation
#9
REVIEW
Emilio Inarejos Clemente, Modupe Oyewumi, Evan Probst, Bo-Yee Ngan, Mary-Louise Greer
Distinguishing between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) and dermoid cysts (DC) sonographically can be challenging. We illustrate the three sonographic features in neck masses in children recently identified as being most suggestive of TGDC (septa, irregular wall and solid elements) and their corresponding histopathology. These three variables form a proposed predictive model for TGDC as a guide to surgical intervention. Pediatric radiologists should be familiar with these key imaging features, as compared with other imaging features described in TGDC also illustrated here, which are less discriminating...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#10
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732217/finite-element-evaluation-of-stable-fixation-in-combined-mandibular-fractures
#11
Thalita Regina Vieira E Oliveira, Daniel Takanori Kemmoku, Jorge Vicente Lopes da Silva, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Luis Augusto Passeri
PURPOSE: The fixation of combined mandibular fractures, especially symphyseal-condylar fractures, although occurring commonly and having a higher complication rate in the clinic, is rarely investigated regarding predictable therapeutic approaches. Thus this study's aim was to assess different forms of condylar fixation when combined with symphyseal fracture fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using finite element models, we analyzed the stress distribution that occurs when a condylar fracture is fixed with 1 miniplate, 2 miniplates, or a trapezoidal condylar miniplate and when a symphyseal fracture is fixed with 2 parallel plates, 2 perpendicular plates, or 2 lag screws...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732156/fixed-bed-modeling-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-removal-by-ion-exchange-in-synthetic-urine-mass-removal-or-toxicity-reduction
#12
Kelly Ann Landry, Treavor H Boyer
Ion-exchange removal of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in synthetic urine can selectively remove pharmaceuticals with minimal co-removal of nutrients to enhance nutrient recovery efforts. However, the effect of endogenous metabolites in urine on ion-exchange removal, and the corresponding reduction in ecotoxicity potential of pharmaceuticals in treated urine entering the environment, is unknown. To assess treatment efficacy, this work paired predicted breakthrough curves determined by the homogenous surface diffusion model to an in vitro bioassay to evaluate COX-1 inhibition...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732104/reciprocal-feedback-between-self-concept-and-goal-pursuit-in-daily-life
#13
Alexander E Wong, Robin R Vallacher
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that self-knowledge and goal-perseverance are mutually reinforcing because of the roles of self-knowledge in directing goal pursuit, and of goal pursuit in structuring the self-concept. METHOD: To test this hypothesis, we used a daily diary design with 97 college-aged participants for 40 days to assess whether daily self-concept clarity and grit predict one another's next day levels. Data were analyzed using multilevel cross-lagged panel modeling...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732091/perfusion-of-surgical-cavity-wall-enhancement-in-early-post-treatment-mr-imaging-may-stratify-the-time-to-progression-in-glioblastoma
#14
Ji Eun Park, Kyoung Hwa Ryu, Ho Sung Kim, Hyo Won Kim, Woo Hyun Shim, Seung Chai Jung, Choong Gon Choi, Sang Joon Kim, Jeong Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine if perfusion in surgical cavity wall enhancement (SCWE) obtained in early post-treatment MR imaging can stratify time-to-progression (TTP) in glioblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 60 glioblastoma patients with more than 5-mm-thick SCWEs as detected on contrast-enhanced MR imaging after concurrent chemoradiation therapy. Two independent readers categorized the shape and perfusion state of SCWEs as nodular or non-nodular and as having positive or negative perfusion compared with the contralateral grey matter on arterial spin labeling (ASL)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732052/protein-asparagine-deamidation-prediction-based-on-structures-with-machine-learning-methods
#15
Lei Jia, Yaxiong Sun
Chemical stability is a major concern in the development of protein therapeutics due to its impact on both efficacy and safety. Protein "hotspots" are amino acid residues that are subject to various chemical modifications, including deamidation, isomerization, glycosylation, oxidation etc. A more accurate prediction method for potential hotspot residues would allow their elimination or reduction as early as possible in the drug discovery process. In this work, we focus on prediction models for asparagine (Asn) deamidation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731922/a-novel-g-55040074delt-in-alas2-gene-resulting-in-a-monomeric-protein-and-severe-sideroblastic-anemia-phenotype
#16
Prateek Bhatia, Aditya Singh, Avani Hedge
Sideroblastic anemias are a rare group of disorders resulting from defective iron incorporation during heme synthesis and hence characterized by anemia and presence of ringed sideroblasts in bone marrow. The most common form is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in ALAS2 gene. In the current paper, a case of X-linked sideroblastic anemia caused by a novel homozygous deletional mutation in exon 10 of ALAS2 gene is presented. The female infant developed moderately severe anemia at 6 months of age, which did not improve despite adequate nutritional support...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731903/hepatitis-transmission-risk-in-kidney-transplantation-the-hint-study-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-transplant-clinicians-in-australian-and-new-zealand
#17
Karen M J Waller, Kate R Wyburn, Nicholas A Shackel, Michael J O'Leary, Patrick J Kelly, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Interpreting hepatitis serology and virus transmission risk in transplantation can be challenging. Decisions must balance opportunity to transplant against potential infection transmission. We aimed to survey understanding among the Australian and New Zealand medical transplant workforce of hepatitis risk in kidney donors and recipients. METHODS: An anonymous, self-completed, cross-sectional survey was distributed via electronic mailing lists to Australian and New Zealand clinicians involved in kidney transplantation (2014-2015)...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731794/a-neutral-model-for-the-evolution-of-diet-breadth
#18
Matthew L Forister, Stephen H Jenkins
Variation in diet breadth among organisms is a pervasive feature of the natural world that has resisted general explanation. In particular, trade-offs in the ability to use one resource at the expense of another have been expected but rarely detected. We explore a spatial model for the evolution of specialization, motivated by studies of plant-feeding insects. The model is neutral with respect to the causes and consequences of diet breadth: the number of hosts utilized is not constrained by trade-offs, and specialization or generalization does not confer a direct advantage with respect to the persistence of populations or the probability of diversification...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731793/phylogeny-traits-and-biodiversity-of-a-neotropical-bat-assemblage-close-relatives-show-similar-responses-to-local-deforestation
#19
Hannah K Frank, Luke O Frishkoff, Chase D Mendenhall, Gretchen C Daily, Elizabeth A Hadly
If species' evolutionary pasts predetermine their responses to evolutionarily novel stressors, then phylogeny could predict species survival in an increasingly human-dominated world. To understand the role of phylogenetic relatedness in structuring responses to rapid environmental change, we focused on assemblages of Neotropical bats, an ecologically diverse and functionally important group. We examined how taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity shift between tropical forest and farmland. We then explored the importance of evolutionary history by ascertaining whether close relatives share similar responses to environmental change and which species traits might mediate these trends...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731791/sensory-drive-color-and-color-vision
#20
Trevor D Price
Colors often appear to differ in arbitrary ways among related species. However, a fraction of color diversity may be explained because some signals are more easily perceived in one environment rather than another. Models show that not only signals but also the perception of signals should regularly evolve in response to different environments, whether these primarily involve detection of conspecifics or detection of predators and prey. Thus, a deeper understanding of how perception of color correlates with environmental attributes should help generate more predictive models of color divergence...
August 2017: American Naturalist
keyword
keyword
68469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"