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Daniel Pérez Fentes, Miguel Blanco Parra, José Lema Grille, Valentín Toucedo Caamaño, Serafín Novás Castro, Pedro Lamas Cedrón, Manuel Villar Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To report one case of emphysematous cystitis and to review its diagnosis and treatment in the related literature. METHOD: We report the case of a type II diabetic 91-year-old woman with jaundice, hematuria, vomits, abdominal pain and poor glycemia control. Diagnosis was obtained by plain abdominal X-ray and ultrasonography, and confirmed by CT. E.coli was isolated in urinary culture. RESULTS: Antibiotic intravenous therapy with piperacillin-tazo-bactam, urinary bladder catheterization and strict glycemia control...
June 2009: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Burke A. Cunha
Patients frequently state that they have a penicillin allergy that often presents a therapeutic problem in treating a variety of infectious disorders. Penicillin and beta-lactam allergic reactions should be determined by a careful history. Many patients who say they have a penicillin allergy, in fact do not. If it is determined that the patient has a penicillin allergy, then the clinician should determine whether it is of an anaphylactic or nonanaphylactic variety. Most reactions to beta-lactams are of the nonanaphylactic variety and are usually manifested clinically as a mild maculopapular rash or drug fever...
June 2001: Drugs of Today
B Morelli
Mixtures of aztreonam, 2S-[2 alpha,3 beta(Z)]-2-[[[1-(2-amino-4-thiazolyl-2- [(2-methyl-4-oxo-1-sulfo-3-azetidinyl) amino]-2-oxo- ethylidine]amino]oxy]-2-methyl-propanoic acid, and L-arginine are assayed by peak-to-baseline, peak-to-peak, and zero-crossing second-derivative spectrophotometry. Aztreonam is the first of a new class of beta-lactam antibiotics (i.e., the mono-bactam antibiotics, highly effective against aerobic gram-negative bacteria). Beer's law is followed for up to 31 micrograms/mL of aztreonam and L-arginine in the presence of one another...
March 1990: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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