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Hemorrhagic cystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717088/long-term-effects-of-intravenous-cyclophosphamide-in-combination-with-mesna-provided-intravenously-and-via-bladder-perfusion-in-a-patient-with-severe-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#1
Eri Iwasawa, Takuya Ohkubo, Tadashi Kanouchi, Takashi Kanda, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Takanori Yokota
A 25-year-old woman presenting with progressive muscle weakness in the distal extremities in the absence of sensory involvement for 2 years was diagnosed with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Her disease was difficult to manage with various immunosuppressants, and the muscle weakness eventually progressed to involve the respiratory muscles, necessitating mechanical ventilation. Intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY) dramatically improved her symptoms, and she has since maintained her ambulatory status for 18 years with intermittent CY therapy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713429/treatment-of-severe-refractory-hematuria-due-to-radiation-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis-with-dexamethasone
#2
José Carlos Rodrigues Nascimento, Márcio Wilker Soares Campelo, Iuri Arruda Aragão, José Fernando Bastos de Moura, Lúcio Flávio Gonzaga Silva, Reinaldo Barreto Oriá
Treatment of pelvic neoplasms with radiotherapy may develop sequelae, especially RHC. An 85-year-old male patient was admitted to a hospital emergency with gross hematuria leading to urinary retention and was diagnosed with RHC. The urinary bladder was probed, unobstructed, and maintained in continuous three-way saline irrigation. During 45 days of hospitalization, the patient underwent two cystoscopic procedures for urinary bladder flocculation, whole blood transfusions, and one platelet apheresis. None of these interventions led to clinical resolution...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702160/bk-virus-associated-hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-patients-with-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-report-of-three-cases
#3
Duygu Mert, Hikmetullah Batgi, Alparslan Merdin, Sabahat Çeken, Mehmet Sinan Dal, Emre Tekgündüz, Fevzi Altuntaş, Mustafa Ertek
BK viras is a human polyoma viras. It is acquired in early childhood and remains life-long latent in the genitourinary system. BK virus replication is more common in receiving immunosuppressive therapy receiving patients and transplant patients. BK virus could cause hemorrhagic cystitis in patients with allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Hemorrhagic cystitis is a serious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Hemorrhagic cystitis could cause morbidity and long stay in the hospital. Diagnosis is more frequently determined by the presence of BK virus DNA detected with quantitative or real-time PCR testing in serum or plasma and less often in urine...
June 1, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646351/rare-cyclophosphamide-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-a-chinese-population-with-rheumatic-diseases
#4
Liuqin Liang, Donging Chen, Xiaodong Wang, Zheng Yang, Jun Zhou, Zhongping Zhan, Fan Lian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, risk factors, and treatment outcomes of cyclophosphamide (CYC)-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in patients with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: We collected the clinical data from 1284 consecutive patients admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University who were treated with CYC between 2006 and 2016, and then conducted a retrospective analysis. RESULTS: The mean cumulative dose of CYC was 18...
June 23, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598058/successful-treatment-of-bk-virus-hemorrhagic-cystitis-hc-post-allogenic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-with-low-dose-cidofovir
#5
R Arora, Jasmita, M Singh, A Garg, M Gupta, N Gupta
BK virus (BKV) hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT) in patients with hematological malignancies. Around half of allogenic HSCT patients present with BKV viruria at some point after HSCT; about 5-40% of these patients subsequently develop active HC. Supportive care including bladder irrigation, blood transfusions and symptomatic pain management remains the mainstay of therapy; the acyclic nucleoside analogue cidofovir is currently the front-line drug for BKV-HC treatment...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592040/-surgical-treatment-of-severe-refractory-hemorrhagic-cystitis-following-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-report-of-17-patients
#6
F F Tang, X H Zhang, H Chen, Y Y Chen, W Han, J Z Wang, F R Wang, Y Chen, X J Huang, L P Xu
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and safety of surgical treatment for severe, refractory hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Patients with severe HC, who were admitted to Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 2010 to December 2015, were enrolled in this study.All patients were refractory to medical managements and received bladder surgery including mucous electrocoagulation and/or selective transcatheter arterial embolization...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591758/are-the-polyomaviruses-bk-and-jc-associated-with-opportunistic-infections-graft-versus-host-disease-or-worse-outcomes-in-adult-patients-receiving-their-first-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-with-low-dose-alemtuzumab
#7
Laila Schneidewind, Thomas Neumann, Florian Knoll, Kathrin Zimmermann, Sigrun Smola, Christian Andreas Schmidt, William Krüger
BACKGROUND: The association of polyomaviruses BK and JC with other opportunistic infections and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in allogeneic stem cell transplantation is controversially discussed. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 64 adult patients who received their first allogeneic stem cell transplantation between March 2010 and December 2014; the follow-up time was 2 years. RESULTS: Acute leukemia was the most frequent underlying disease (45...
June 8, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559150/viral-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#8
Gilles Dosin, Fouad Aoun, Elie El Rassy, Tarek Assi, Philippe Lewalle, Jeremy Blanc, Roland van Velthoven, Dominique Bron
INTRODUCTION: Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a well-recognized problem that is regularly observed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The published data does not report on the potential risk factors for the viral-induced HC that might require prophylactic treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all adult patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT at Jules Bordet Institute between 1992 and 2013. Our institutional protocol consists in monitoring the patient for signs and symptoms of HC on a daily basis during the initial admission for HSCT, then once weekly after discharge until 2 months thereafter...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535135/recovery-from-cyclophosphamide-overdose-in-a-dog
#9
Jessica Renee Finlay, Kenneth Wyatt, Courtney North
An adult female spayed dog was evaluated after inadvertently receiving a total dose of 1,750 mg oral cyclophosphamide, equivalent to 2,303 mg/m(2), over 21 days (days -21 to 0). Nine days after the last dose of cyclophosphamide (day +9), the dog was evaluated at Perth Veterinary Specialists. Physical examination revealed mucosal pallor, a grade 2/6 systolic heart murmur, and severe hemorrhagic cystitis. Severe nonregenerative pancytopenia was detected on hematology. Broad spectrum antibiotics, two fresh whole blood transfusions, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and tranexamic acid were administered...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516112/hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-a-liver-transplant-recipient-secondary-to-bk-virus
#10
Faisal Kamal, Bilal Ali, Matthew Barnes, Sehrish Kamal, Satheesh Nair, Humberto Gonzalez
The association between BK virus infection and hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients is well established. However, BK virus-associated HC has not been described in liver transplant (LT) recipients. We present a case of BK virus-associated HC in a LT recipient. Our patient presented with worsening liver function tests 2 years after transplantation and was found to have acute cellular rejection. He was treated with increased immunosuppression and subsequently developed hematuria...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471873/bladder-rupture-after-chronic-hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-a-stem-cell-transplantation-recipient
#11
Osamu Imataki, Shumpei Uchida, Yoshio Kushida, Makiko Uemura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401591/dynamics-of-bkpyv-reactivation-and-risk-of-hemorrhagic-cystitis-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Konstantin Höller, Lavinia Fabeni, Marco Herling, Udo Holtick, Christof Scheid, Elena Knops, Nadine Lübke, Rolf Kaiser, Herbert Pfister, Veronica Di Cristanziano
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the dynamics of BKPyV reactivation in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients in order to identify patients with higher risk to develop BKPyV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis (BKPyV-associated HC). METHODS: The study included 58 allo-HSCT recipients from the University Hospital of Cologne detected BKPyV positive by real-time PCR between 2009 and 2015. For correlative analysis, the first detected BKPyV-DNA load in urine and in plasma as well as the onset and severity of HC following the first day of conditioning regimen was considered...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399927/bk-viruria-and-viremia-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
Nirupama Gupta, Cuong Q Nguyen, Renee F Modica, Melissa E Elder, Eduardo H Garin
BACKGROUND: BK virus (BKV) is a ubiquitous polyoma virus that lies dormant in the genitourinary tract once acquired in early childhood. In states of cellular immunodeficiency, the virus can reactivate to cause hemorrhagic cystitis and nephritis. Children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of developing infectious complications secondary to their immunocompromised state from the administration of several immuno-modulatory drugs. Currently, there are no data regarding the prevalence of BK viruria or viremia in children with SLE...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360951/intravesical-formalin-for-hemorrhagic-cystitis-a-contemporary-cohort
#14
Matthew J Ziegelmann, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel D Joyce, Brian D Montgomery, Brian J Linder
INTRODUCTION: Hemorrhagic cystitis presents a difficult clinical challenge, yet data regarding treatment options is sparse. Here, we sought to evaluate outcomes of a contemporary cohort of patients treated with intravesical formalin for hemorrhagic cystitis. METHODS: We identified a retrospective cohort of eight patients managed with formalin for hemorrhagic cystitis from 2000-2014. All patients failed prior measures, including bladder irrigation, clot evacuation, and other intravesical agents...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337860/clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-105-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-patients-a-single-center-experience-from-north-india
#15
Aman Sharma, Godasi S R S N K Naidu, Manish Rathi, Roshan Verma, Manish Modi, Benzeeta Pinto, Kusum Sharma, Varun Dhir, Manphool Singhal, Mahesh Prakash, Ritambhra Nada, Naresh K Panda, Ranjana W Minz
AIM: To describe the clinical features, treatment and long-term outcomes in north Indian patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). METHODS: Clinical details, Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS-v3), laboratory data, histopathology findings, treatment details and outcomes of all consecutive patients diagnosed as having GPA between April 2005 and April 2016 were retrieved. European Vasculitis Study Group definitions were used to classify patients into localized, early systemic, generalized, severe and refractory categories...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326104/bk-virus-encephalitis-in-hiv-infected-patients-case-report-and-review
#16
Luciana Antoniolli, Rafael Borges, Luciano Z Goldani
Encephalitis and meningitis due to BKPyV are unusual and emerging condition. Only a few cases of BKPyV encephalitis have been reported in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients, with the majority of cases presenting with concurrent hemorrhagic cystitis and HIV-infected patients. The authors report two HIV-infected patients with the diagnosis of BKPyV encephalitis and discuss the main clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of this infection in patients with AIDS. Physicians should be aware to recognize the main clinical features and diagnose BKPyV central nervous infection in the setting of AIDS...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298471/bk-polyomavirus-clinical-aspects-immune-regulation-and-emerging-therapies
#17
REVIEW
George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Mark J Smyth, Corey Smith, Rajiv Khanna
BK polyomavirus (BKV) causes frequent infections during childhood and establishes persistent infections within renal tubular cells and the uroepithelium, with minimal clinical implications. However, reactivation of BKV in immunocompromised individuals following renal or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may cause serious complications, including BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN), ureteric stenosis, or hemorrhagic cystitis. Implementation of more potent immunosuppression and increased posttransplant surveillance has resulted in a higher incidence of BKVAN...
April 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295968/nosocomial-bk-polyomavirus-infection-causing-hemorrhagic-cystitis-among-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Jun Kato, Takehiko Mori, Tetsuro Suzuki, Masahiko Ito, Tian-Cheng Li, Masatoshi Sakurai, Yusuke Yamane, Rie Yamazaki, Yuya Koda, Takaaki Toyama, Naoki Hasegwa, Shinichiro Okamoto
BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) is recognized as a pathogen that causes diseases such as hemorrhagic cystitis and nephritis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or renal transplantation. BKPYV-associated disease is thought to occur through reactivation under immunosuppression. However, the possibility of its nosocomial transmission and the clinical significance of such transmission have not been elucidated. During a 6-month period, 9 adult patients (median age: 47 years) with hematological disorders who were treated with HSCT (N=7) or chemotherapy (N=2) in a single hematology department developed hemorrhagic cystitis due to BKPYV infection...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286609/conjugated-estrogen-in-late-onset-hemorrhagic-cystitis-associated-with-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Seyed Asadollah Mousavi, Vahid Moazed, Niayesh Mohebbi, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Babak Bahar, Mohammad Jahani, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Background: Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is one of the most challenging complications in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Estrogen is one of the suggested treatments for controlling this problem. Subjects and Methods: We performed a randomized case-control study to evaluate the efficacy of oral conjugated estrogen on HC management in 56 HSCT patients. Patients were randomly assigned to the drug group (received 6.25 mg conjugated estrogen oral tablets in a daily single dose during hematuria period) or control group...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259532/sulfated-glycosaminoglycans-in-bladder-tissue-and-urine-of-rats-after-acute-exposure-to-paraoxon-and-cyclophosphamide
#20
Vladislav E Sobolev, Richard O Jenkins, Nikolay V Goncharov
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the urine of Wistar rats, and on the surface of the epithelium and lamina propria of the bladder, were quantitatively assessed before and after acute intoxication with paraoxon or cyclophosphamide. Paraoxon was administered subcutaneously (s.c.) twice with an interval of 1h to a final dose of 275mg/kg; cyclophosphamide was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) with a single dose of 100mg/kg or to a final dose of 240mg/kg (three times per 80mg/kg every 12h). GAGs on the surface of the epithelium and lamina propria of the urinary bladder of rats were quantitatively determined by Alcian blue dye staining...
March 1, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
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