keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Local anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237684/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-ropivacaine-on-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#1
Thomas A Trein, Beatriz P Floriano, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Joana Z Ferreira, Guilherme L da Silva, Paulo S P Dos Santos, Sílvia H V Perri, Valéria Nls Oliva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate motor and sensory blockade of combining dexmedetomidine with ropivacaine, administered perineurally or systemically, for femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy Beagle dogs, aged 3.3 ± 0.1 years and weighing 11.0 ± 2.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane on three separate occasions for unilateral femoral and sciatic nerve blocks and were administered the following treatments in random order: perineural ropivacaine 0...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237425/aqueous-angiography-in-living-nonhuman-primates-shows-segmental-pulsatile-and-dynamic-angiographic-aqueous-humor-outflow
#2
Alex S Huang, Meng Li, Diya Yang, Huaizhou Wang, Ningli Wang, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of safely performing aqueous angiography in intact eyes of living nonhuman primates (NHPs) for evaluating aqueous humor outflow and segmental patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SUBJECTS: Six nonhuman primates. METHODS: Aqueous angiography was performed in 6 nonhuman primates. After anesthesia, an anterior chamber (AC) maintainer was placed through a temporal 1-mm side-port wound...
February 22, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236870/neuraxial-anesthesia-after-local-anesthesia-for-management-of-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-complication-during-vertebroplasty
#3
Hüseyin Balkarlı, Mesut Kılıç, İbrahim Öztürk
Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a relatively safe, simple and commonly performed interventional procedure for the management of vertebral compression fractures. However, serious complications are rarely reported in the procedure. Those are pulmonary embolism, severe infection, paraplegia and an occurrence of a new fracture in an adjacent vertebra after vertebroplasty. Acute complications are generally associated with the procedure. We present the case of neuraxial anesthesia, developed after local anesthesia with 8mL of 2% prilocaine, in a 68-year-old woman who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty after an osteoporotic collapsed fracture in the L1 vertebra due to trauma...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236864/a-comparison-of-various-supraglottic-airway-devices-for-fiberoptical-guided-tracheal-intubation
#4
Thomas Metterlein, Anna Dintenfelder, Christoph Plank, Bernhard Graf, Gabriel Roth
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptical assisted intubation via placed supraglottic airway devices has been described as safe and easy procedure to manage difficult airways. However visualization of the glottis aperture is essential for fiberoptical assisted intubation. Various different supraglottic airway devices are commercially available and might offer different conditions for fiberoptical assisted intubation. The aim of this study was to compare the best obtainable view of the glottic aperture using different supraglottic airway devices...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236014/the-smartor-a-distributed-sensor-network-to-improve-operating-room-efficiency
#5
Albert Y Huang, Guillaume Joerger, Vid Fikfak, Remi Salmon, Brian J Dunkin, Barbara L Bass, Marc Garbey
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant expense of OR time, best practice achieves only 70% efficiency. Compounding this problem is a lack of real-time data. Most current OR utilization programs require manual data entry. Automated systems require installation and maintenance of expensive tracking hardware throughout the institution. This study developed an inexpensive, automated OR utilization system and analyzed data from multiple operating rooms. STUDY DESIGN: OR activity was deconstructed into four room states...
February 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235576/lidocaine-multivalent-ion-complex-as-a-potential-strategy-for-prolonged-local-anesthesia
#6
You Jin Jang, Jin Ho Lee, Tae Beom Seo, Se Heang Oh
Local anesthetics are adopted in clinical practice to manage the perioperative and/or postoperative pain. However, their relatively short duration of action limit their ability to meet clinical needs. Herein, we prepared a lidocaine/multivalent ion complex (icLD) using aqueous solutions containing positively charged LD and a multivalent counter-ion as a system for producing prolonged anesthesia. The results of the in vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that the icLD facilitates prolonged LD release even without adjuvants and thus provides nerve blockade for a long duration of action (∼14hrs) without further increase in neurotoxicity than the LD itself...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235527/a-patient-with-postpolio-syndrome-developed-cauda-equina-syndrome-after-neuraxial-anesthesia-a-case-report
#7
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Zhi-Fu Wu, Wen-Jinn Liaw, Su-Yang Hwa, Nan-Kai Hung
Combined spinal anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia is widely used in orthopedic surgery. Uncommon but serious neurologic complications of neuraxial anesthesia (NA) include direct trauma during needle or catheter insertion, central nervous system infections, and neurotoxicity of local anesthetics. Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication after NA but can result in severe neurologic deterioration that may require surgical intervention. We present a case of a 69-year-old woman with postpolio syndrome who developed CES after combined spinal anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235517/partial-displacement-of-epidural-catheter-after-patient-position-change-a-case-report
#8
Yoon-Jung Shon, Seung-Kil Bae, Jae-Woo Park, In-Nam Kim, Jin Huh
Epidural catheter migration is a well-known cause of failed anesthesia and complications. One of the factors that affect catheter movement is when patients change their position after skin fixation. We report a case of an epidural catheter placed without evidence of intravascular or subdural insertion that produced an insufficient block. A 36-year-old woman presented for ankle surgery under epidural anesthesia. Epidural block was conducted at the L3-4 intervertebral space with a catheter threaded 3 cm into the epidural space with the patient in a back flexion and lateral position...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235507/hypnopraxia-a-new-hypnotic-technique-for-hypnoanesthesia
#9
Nicolas Drouet, Guy Chedeau
Various hypnotic techniques are used in anesthesia, either on their own or as adjuncts. A new hypnotic technique, hypnopraxia, was tested in 5 patients undergoing various procedures (4 colonoscopies, 1 inguinal hernia repair, and 1 transobturator tape procedure). The patients were accompanied throughout the procedure by an anesthetist trained in hypnoanesthesia and hypnopraxia. Initially developed for use in hypnotherapy, the accompaniment with hypnopraxia relied on the closeness of the link between the anesthetist and the patient...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235492/anesthesia-management-with-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-donor-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-study
#10
Ozlem Yenidünya, Huseyin Yuce Bircan, Dilek Altun, Ismail Caymaz, Alp Demirag, Ayda Turkoz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block intraoperatively and 24 hours postoperatively in patients undergoing donor nephrectomy. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: Private foundation university hospital; November 2014 to June 2015. PATIENTS: Thirty-two patients undergoing donor nephrectomy (exclusion criteria: coagulation disorders, allergy to local anesthetics, and unwillingness to participate)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229294/perioperative-complications-and-safety-of-type-ii-thyroplasty-tpii-for-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#11
Kenji Mizoguchi, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Saori Yanagida, Noriko Nishizawa, Nobuhiko Oridate, Satoshi Fukuda, Akihiro Homma
Type II thyroplasty (TPII) is one of the surgical options offered in the management of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD); however, there have been no detailed reports of its safety and associated complications during the perioperative period. Our aim was to assess the complications and safety of TPII. TPII was performed for consecutive 15 patients with AdSD from April 2012 through May 2014. We examined retrospectively the perioperative complications, the degree of surgical invasion, and recovery process from surgery...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227412/development-of-a-real-time-lumbar-ultrasound-image-processing-system-for-epidural-needle-entry-site-localization
#12
Yusong Leng, Shuang Yu, Kok Kiong Tan, Philip Tildsley, Alex Tiong Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng, Yusong Leng, Shuang Yu, Kok Kiong Tan, Philip Tildsley, Alex Tiong Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng, Yusong Leng, Shuang Yu, Philip Tildsley, Ban Leong Sng, Kok Kiong Tan
A fully-automatic ultrasound image processing system that can determine the needle entry site for epidural anesthesia (EA) in real time is presented in this paper. Neither the knowledge of anesthetists nor additional hardware is required to operate the system, which firstly directs the anesthetists to reach the desired insertion region in the longitudinal view, i.e., lumbar level L3-L4, and then locates the ideal puncture site by instructing the anesthetists to rotate and slightly adjust the position of ultrasound probe...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225317/the-appropriate-time-for-closed-reduction-using-local-anesthesia-in-arytenoid-dislocation-caused-by-intubation-a-clinical-research
#13
Zhewei Lou, Zhihong Lin
CONCLUSION: Closed reduction is effective and safe for the treatment of arytenoid dislocation, and the selection of an appropriate time window to perform closed reduction is crucial in achieving relatively stable treatment outcomes and short treatment duration. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an appropriate time window to perform closed reduction for unilateral arytenoid dislocation caused by intubation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was carried out for the cases collected from September 2014 to May 2016 at Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, China...
March 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224207/-differentiated-application-of-recommended-guideline-techniques-for-treatment-of-inguinal-hernia
#14
H Niebuhr, M Pawlak, F Köckerling
The new worldwide guidelines of all international hernia societies only recommend the mesh-based methods TEP, TAPP and Lichtenstein. The best mesh-free technique, the Shouldice operation, should only be used if the patient has declined the use of a mesh or no mesh is available. The systematic use of the Shouldice technique for smaller inguinal hernias and younger men should be confined to study settings. A tailored approach should be taken for mesh-based procedures to minimize the risk to patients. Due to lower pain rates the laparoendoscopic techniques TEP and TAPP are the methods of choice for primary male unilateral inguinal hernia...
February 21, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223831/cost-analysis-of-facial-injury-treatment-in-two-university-hospitals-in-malaysia-a-prospective-study
#15
Bin Sulong Saperi, Roszalina Ramli, Zafar Ahmed, Amrizal Muhd Nur, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Muhd Fazlynizam Rashdi, Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abd Rahman, Azizah Yusoff, Abd Jabar Nazimi, Roselinda Abdul Rahman, Noorhayati Abdul Razak, Norlen Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Facial injury (FI) may occur in isolation or in association with injuries to other parts of the body (facial and other injury [FOI]). The objective of this study was to determine the direct treatment costs incurred during the management of facial trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study on treatment cost for FIs and FOIs due to road-traffic crashes in two university hospitals in Malaysia was conducted from July 2010 to June 2011. The patients were recruited from emergency departments and reviewed after 6 months from the date of initial treatment...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223056/transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation-using-lotus-valve-for-failed%C3%A2-surgical-bioprostheses
#16
Fausto Castriota, Roberto Nerla, Antonio Micari, Caterina Cavazza, Francesco Bedogni, Luca Testa, Matteo Montorfano, Mauro Del Giglio, Alberto Cremonesi
BACKGROUND: Patients with failed bioprostheses are an increasing population at high risk for redo surgery. Valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a promising alternative but a limited number of first-generation devices have proven efficacy in all cases. METHODS: Patients with degenerated bioprostheses at high risk for redo surgery were included in the registry after being assigned to valve-in-valve intervention by a local heart team. Main basal and follow-up data (at 1 month and 6 months) of patients undergoing valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the Lotus valve system (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) in three high-volume Italian centers were entered in the registry...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221297/optimal-epinephrine-concentration-and-time-delay-to-minimize-perfusion-in-eyelid-surgery-measured-by-laser-based-methods-and-a-novel-form-of-extended-wavelength-diffuse-reflectance-spectroscopy
#17
Rafi Sheikh, Ulf Dahlstrand, Khashayar Memarzadeh, Jonas Blohmé, Nina Reistad, Malin Malmsjö
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the hypoperfusion effects of epinephrine in local anesthesia in eyelid surgery. A novel form of extended-wavelength diffuse reflectance spectroscopy was evaluated. METHODS: Blood perfusion in porcine eyelid flaps was measured using laser Doppler velocimetry and laser speckle contrast imaging, whereas the tissue response was measured using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy with a broad spectrum (450-1550 nm). Epinephrine was either injected cumulatively, 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217677/delayed-hemorrhage-effect-of-local-anesthesia-with-epinephrine-in-the-loop-electrosurgical-excisional-procedure
#18
Yong Jae Lee, Yunjin Park, In Ok Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Jung Yoon Lee, Sang Wun Kim, Sunghoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Eun Ji Nam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate factors preventing delayed hemorrhage after the loop electrosurgical excisional procedure (LEEP). METHODS: Medical records of patients who underwent LEEP at one university affiliated hospital from October 2013 to January 2015 were reviewed. Patients with or without delayed hemorrhage were classified. LEEP was performed either in an operating room under general anesthesia or in a procedure room with local anesthesia in the outpatient clinic...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217289/peripheral-surgical-wounding-may-induce-cognitive-impairment-through-interlukin-6-dependent-mechanisms-in-aged-mice
#19
Yuanlin Dong, Zhipeng Xu, Lining Huang, Yiying Zhang, Zhongcong Xie
Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is associated with morbidity, mortality and increased cost of medical care. However, the neuropathogenesis and targeted interventions of POCD remain largely to be determined. We have found that the peripheral surgical wounding induces an age-dependent Aβ accumulation, neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment in aged mice. Pro-inflammatory cytokine interlukin-6 (IL-6) has been reported to be associated with cognitive impairment in rodents and humans. However, the role of IL-6 in the neuropathogenesis of POCD is unknown...
October 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217067/septo-optic-dysplasia-de-morsier-s-syndrome
#20
Pedro Reis, Joana Mourão
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD)/de Morsier's syndrome is characterized by optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary endocrine dysfunction, and midline brain abnormalities. Hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, and adrenal insufficiency can lead to severe hypoglycemia, adrenal crisis, seizures, and sudden death. Anesthetic management of SOD was associated with high perioperative mortality. A 9-year-old male child proposed for dental treatments/extractions. Medical history of SOD with hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, and delayed psychomotor development was observed...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
6844
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"