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M L Nickerson, S Das, K M Im, S Turan, S I Berndt, H Li, H Lou, S A Brodie, J N Billaud, T Zhang, A J Bouk, D Butcher, Z Wang, L Sun, K Misner, W Tan, A Esnakula, D Esposito, W Y Huang, R N Hoover, M A Tucker, J R Keller, J Boland, K Brown, S K Anderson, L E Moore, W B Isaacs, S J Chanock, M Yeager, M Dean, T Andresson
Genetic alterations associated with prostate cancer (PCa) may be identified by sequencing metastatic tumour genomes to identify molecular markers at this lethal stage of disease. Previously, we characterized somatic alterations in metastatic tumours in the methylcytosine dioxygenase ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2), which is altered in 5-15% of myeloid, kidney, colon and PCas. Genome-wide association studies previously identified non-coding risk variants associated with PCa and melanoma. We perform fine-mapping of PCa risk across TET2 using genotypes from the PEGASUS case-control cohort and identify six new risk variants in introns 1 and 2...
November 7, 2016: Oncogene
Chu-Hai Xie, Yan-Ming Cao, Yan Huang, Qun-Wei Shi, Jian-Hong Guo, Zi-Wen Fan, Ju-Gen Li, Bin-Wei Chen, Bo-Yi Wu
Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have critical roles in tumorigenesis, including osteosarcoma. The lncRNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) was reported to be involved in the progression of osteosarcoma. Here, we investigated the role of TUG1 in osteosarcoma cells and the underlying mechanism. TUG1 expression was measured in osteosarcoma cell lines and human normal osteoblast cells by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of TUG1 on osteosarcoma cells were studied by RNA interference in vitro and in vivo...
November 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Isabelle Chang, Marta Parrilla
Homeodomain proteins are encoded by homeobox genes and regulate development and differentiation in many neuronal systems. The mouse vomeronasal organ (VNO) generates in situ mature chemosensory neurons from stem cells. The roles of homeodomain proteins in neuronal differentiation in the VNO are poorly understood. Here we have characterized the expression patterns of 28 homeobox genes in the VNO of C57BL/6 mice at postnatal stages using multicolor fluorescent in situ hybridization. We identified 11 homeobox genes (Dlx3, Dlx4, Emx2, Lhx2, Meis1, Pbx3, Pknox2, Pou6f1, Tshz2, Zhx1, Zhx3) that were expressed exclusively in neurons; 4 homeobox genes (Pax6, Six1, Tgif1, Zfhx3) that were expressed in all non-neuronal cell populations, with Pax6, Six1 and Tgif1 also expressed in some neuronal progenitors and precursors; 12 homeobox genes (Adnp, Cux1, Dlx5, Dlx6, Meis2, Pbx2, Pknox1, Pou2f1, Satb1, Tshz1, Tshz3, Zhx2) with expression in both neuronal and non-neuronal cell populations; and one homeobox gene (Hopx) that was exclusively expressed in the non-sensory epithelium...
July 2016: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
T N Portseva, A V Brechalov, E A Dukhanina, A G Stepchenko, E V Pankratova, S G Georgieva
The effect of the transcription factor Oct-1 (POU2F1) on the expression of the tumor cell marker metastasin (Mts1/S100A4) was studied. Comparative analysis of various tumor lines showed no clear correlation between the expression level of Mts1/S100A4 and the content of Oct-1. However, at stable transfection of tumor cells with Oct-1A, Oct-1L, and Oct-1X isoforms we detected an elevated level of Oct-1, which stimulated Mts1/S100A4 secretion. These findings extend our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of the tumorigenic effect of Oct-1...
March 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Soo Seok Hwang, Lark Kyun Kim, Gap Ryol Lee, Richard A Flavell
The understanding of CD4 T cell differentiation gives important insights into the control of immune responses against various pathogens and in autoimmune diseases. Naïve CD4 T cells become effector T cells in response to antigen stimulation in combination with various environmental cytokine stimuli. Several transcription factors and cis-regulatory regions have been identified to regulate epigenetic processes on chromatin, to allow the production of proper effector cytokines during CD4 T cell differentiation...
June 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jing Gao, Yan Chen, Yi Yang, Jian Liang, Jun Xie, Jun Liu, Shiguo Li, Guilang Zheng, Liping Xie, Rongqing Zhang
UNLABELLED: Matrix proteins play key roles in shell formation in the pearl oyster, but little is known about how these proteins are regulated. Here, two POU domain family members, Pf-POU2F1 and Pf-POU3F4, were cloned and characterized. Functional domain analysis revealed that both them have conserved POUS and POUH domains; these domains are important for transcription factor function. The tissue distributions of Pf-POU2F1 and Pf-POU3F4 mRNAs in pearl oyster revealed different expression patterns, and the expression of Pf-POU3F4 mRNA was relatively high in the mantle...
May 2016: FEBS Journal
Deepti Anand, Salil A Lachke
Over the past several decades, the biology of the developing lens has been investigated using molecular genetics-based approaches in various vertebrate model systems. These efforts, involving target gene knockouts or knockdowns, have led to major advances in our understanding of lens morphogenesis and the pathological basis of cataracts, as well as of other lens related eye defects. In particular, we now have a functional understanding of regulators such as Pax6, Six3, Sox2, Oct1 (Pou2f1), Meis1, Pnox1, Zeb2 (Sip1), Mab21l1, Foxe3, Tfap2a (Ap2-alpha), Pitx3, Sox11, Prox1, Sox1, c-Maf, Mafg, Mafk, Hsf4, Fgfrs, Bmp7, and Tdrd7 in this tissue...
March 15, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Karina Vázquez-Arreguín, Dean Tantin
The metazoan-specific POU domain transcription factor family comprises activities underpinning developmental processes such as embryonic pluripotency and neuronal specification. Some POU family proteins efficiently bind an 8-bp DNA element known as the octamer motif. These proteins are known as Oct transcription factors. Oct1/POU2F1 is the only widely expressed POU factor. Unlike other POU factors it controls no specific developmental or organ system. Oct1 was originally described to operate at target genes associated with proliferation and immune modulation, but more recent results additionally identify targets associated with oxidative and cytotoxic stress resistance, metabolic regulation, stem cell function and other unexpected processes...
June 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yonglei Liu, Yutong Wang, Xiangjun Sun, Chuanzhong Mei, Liying Wang, Zengxia Li, Xiliang Zha
Our previous study shows that Calpain 6 (CAPN6) expression is regulated by PI3K-Akt in liver cancer through POU2F1 and CAPN6 which promote cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of liver cancer cells. microRNAs (miRNAs) plays important roles in regulation of gene expression. However, whether miRNAs regulates CAPN6 expression and its cellular function is still unknown. This study aims to investigate how miRNAs regulate liver cancer apoptosis through POU2F1-CAPN6. It was verified that POU2F1 could promote cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis through CAPN6...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Ting He, Feifei Qi, Lin Jia, Shan Wang, Chunying Wang, Nan Song, Yan Fu, Lin Li, Yongzhang Luo
Therapeutic strategies for targeting angiogenesis have been proven as successful treatments for divergent cancers. We previously discovered an anti-angiogenic miR-542-3p, which directly targeted the key angiogenesis-promoting protein Angiopoietin-2 to inhibit tumor angiogenesis in breast cancer models. In this study, to further investigate the mechanism of miR-542-3p induced angiogenic inhibition, we screened for tumor cell derived factors which were responsible for miR-542-3p alteration in endothelial cells...
November 1, 2015: Cancer Letters
Fatima Bentrari, Aurelie Chantôme, Andrew Knights, Jean-François Jeannin, Alena Pance
Oct-1 (POU2f1) and Oct-2 (POU2f2) are members of the POU family of transcription factors. They recognize the same DNA sequence but fulfil distinct functions: Oct-1 is ubiquitous and regulates a variety of genes while Oct-2 is restricted to B-cells and neurones. Here we examine the interplay and regulatory mechanisms of these factors to control the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, NOS2). Using two breast cancer cell lines as a comparative model, we found that MCF-7 express iNOS upon cytokine stimulation while MDA-MB-231 do not...
November 16, 2015: Nucleic Acids Research
Hao Mei, Lianna Li, Shijian Liu, Fan Jiang, Michael Griswold, Thomas Mosley
BACKGROUND: Genetic heritability and expression study have shown that different diabetes traits have common genetic components and pathways. A computationally efficient pathway analysis of GWAS results will benefit post-GWAS study of SNP associations and identification of common genetic pathways from diabetes GWAS can help to improve understanding of the disease pathogenesis. RESULTS: We proposed a uniform-score gene-set analysis (USGSA) with implemented package to unify different gene measures by a uniform score for identifying pathways from GWAS data, and use a pre-generated permutation distribution table to quickly obtain multiple-testing adjusted p-value...
April 23, 2015: BMC Genomics
Jian Li, Yinyin Cao, Yao Wu, Weicheng Chen, Yuan Yuan, Xiaojing Ma, Guoying Huang
BACKGROUND: Mutation of NKX2-5 could lead to the development of congenital heart disease (CHD) which is a common inherited disease. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of CHD in NKX2-5 knock-out embryonic mice. METHODS: The expression profile in the NKX2-5 knock-out embryonic mice (GSE528) was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. The heart tissues from the null/heterozygous embryonic day 12.5 mice were compared with wild-type mice to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and then DEGs corresponding to the transcriptional factors were filtered out based on the information in the TRANSFAC database...
December 2015: Journal of Cardiology
Markus Vieweg, Katerina Dvorakova-Hortova, Barbora Dudkova, Przemyslaw Waliszewski, Marie Otte, Berthold Oels, Amir Hajimohammad, Heiko Turley, Martin Schorsch, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Wolfgang Weidner, Klaus Steger, Agnieszka Paradowska-Dogan
BACKGROUND: Histone to protamine exchange and the hyperacetylation of the remaining histones are hallmarks of spermiogenesis. Acetylation of histone H4 at lysine 12 (H4K12ac) was observed prior to full decondensation of sperm chromatin after fertilization suggesting an important role for the regulation of gene expression in early embryogenesis. Similarly, DNA methylation may contribute to gene silencing of several developmentally important genes. Following the identification of H4K12ac-binding promoters in sperm of fertile and subfertile patients, we aimed to investigate whether the depletion of histone-binding is associated with aberrant DNA methylation in sperm of subfertile men...
2015: Clinical Epigenetics
Song-Hui Xu, Jin-Zhou Huang, Man-Li Xu, Guangchuang Yu, Xing-Feng Yin, De Chen, Guang-Rong Yan
Amplification of the activated Cdc42-associated kinase 1 (ACK1) gene is frequent in gastric cancer (GC). However, little is known about the clinical roles and molecular mechanisms of ACK1 abnormalities in GC. Here, we found that the ACK1 protein level and ACK1 phosphorylation at Tyr 284 were frequently elevated in GC and associated with poor patient survival. Ectopic ACK1 expression in GC cells induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promoted migration and invasion in vitro, and metastasis in vivo; the depletion of ACK1 induced the opposite effects...
June 2015: Journal of Pathology
Anne M Terrell, Deepti Anand, Sylvie F Smith, Christine A Dang, Stephanie M Waters, Mallika Pathania, David C Beebe, Salil A Lachke
The discovery of cytosolic RNA granule (RG) component proteins associated with human cataract has initiated investigations on post-transcriptional mechanisms of gene expression control in the lens. Application of established mouse lens epithelial cell lines (LECs) can provide rapid insights on RG function in lens cells, especially because mouse mutants in several RG components are not available. However, although these LECs represent potential reagents for such analyses, they are uncharacterized for lens gene expression or RG formation...
February 2015: Experimental Eye Research
Daniel J Sharpe, Katy S Orr, Michael Moran, Sharon J White, Stephen McQuaid, Terence R Lappin, Alexander Thompson, Jacqueline A James
HOX genes are master regulators of organ morphogenesis and cell differentiation during embryonic development, and continue to be expressed throughout post-natal life. To test the hypothesis that HOX genes are dysregulated in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) we defined their expression profile, and investigated the function, transcriptional regulation and clinical relevance of a subset of highly expressed HOXD genes. Two HOXD genes, D10 and D11, showed strikingly high levels in HNSCC cell lines, patient tumor samples and publicly available datasets...
September 30, 2014: Oncotarget
Zu Yang, Kai Cui, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xuemei Deng
The high glycine/tyrosine type II keratin protein 6.1 (KAP6.1) is a member of the keratin-associated protein family, which is restricted to cells in hair follicles and is associated with fiber diameter and fiber curvature in Merino sheep. In this study, we obtained a series of progressive 5'-deletion fragments of the KAP6.1 gene promoter from ovine genomic DNA. The KAP6.1 5'-upstream region was fused to luciferase and transfected into sheep fetal fibroblast cells (sFFCs). We demonstrated that the sequence from -1,523 to -1 bp (taking the A of the initiator methionine ATG as the +1 nt position) gave rise to a higher luciferase activity comparing to the published region from -1,042 to -1 bp...
September 2014: Molecular Biology Reports
Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Keun-Hwa Jung, Jae-Jun Ban, Woo-Seok Im, Hee-Yeon Jo, Ji-Hyun Park, Ji-Yeon Lim, Jung-Won Shin, Jangsup Moon, Sang Kun Lee, Manho Kim, Jae-Kyu Roh
Cerebellar degeneration is a devastating manifestation of cerebellar-type multiple-system atrophy (MSA), a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease, and the exact pathogenesis is unknown. Here, we examined the expression of micro-RNAs (miRNAs), which are short noncoding RNAs, in the cerebellum of MSA and the key target genes. miRNA microarray found 11 miRNAs with significantly different expression in MSA cerebellum compared to cerebellum from age-, sex-, and postmortem interval-matched controls. miR-202 was the most upregulated in the MSA samples...
February 2015: Molecular Neurobiology
Yangsheng Zhou, Xia Liu, Lian Xu, Zachary R Hunter, Yang Cao, Guang Yang, Ruben Carrasco, Steven P Treon
In Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), the mechanism(s) responsible for repression of B-cell differentiation remains unknown. We found that expression of SPIB and ID2 were significantly increased and decreased, respectively, in WM lymphoplasmacytic cells (LPC). Ectopic expression of SPIB in healthy donor CD19(+) cells inhibited plasmacytic differentiation in conjunction with decreased transcription of IRF4 and XBP1 spliced form. In primary WM LPC, knock-down of SPIB induced plasmacytic differentiation in conjunction with increased transcription of PRDM1, XBP1 spliced form, IRF4 and ID2...
September 2014: British Journal of Haematology
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