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Osteoporosis herbal

Zahra Alsadat Hejazi, Forough Namjooyan, Marjan Khanifar
BACKGROUND: A systemic skeletal disease is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. Asia has the highest increment in the elderly population; therefore, osteoporotic fracture should be a noticeable health issue. The incidence rate of hip fractures in Asia could rise to 45% by the year 2050. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a group of various medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered as part of formal medicine...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Vindya Lankika Udalamaththa, Chanika Dilumi Jayasinghe, Preethi Vidya Udagama
Stem cell therapy has revolutionized modern clinical therapy with the potential of stem cells to differentiate into many different cell types which may help to replace different cell lines of an organism. Innumerous trials are carried out to merge new scientific knowledge and techniques with traditional herbal extracts that may result in less toxic, affordable, and highly available natural alternative therapeutics. Currently, mesenchyamal stromal cell (MSC) lines are treated with individual and mixtures of crude herbal extracts, as well as with purified compounds from herbal extracts, to investigate the mechanisms and effects of these on stem cell growth and differentiation...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Xiaoxue Xing, Lina Su, Patrick Fordjour Asare, Lingyan Wang, Lan Li, Erwei Liu, Bing Yu, Yan Zhu, Xiumei Gao, Guanwei Fan
BACKGROUND: Menopause is an important event in a female's life. During perimenopause, together with osteoporosis and dyslipidemia, ovary function gradually declines. Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disorder, cerebrovascular disease and breast cancer in postmenopausal women. All of these contribute to impairment of liver function, particularly fatty liver disease. Since liver dysfunction is associated with ovary dysfunction and hyperlipidemia.Thus, this study aims to define a therapeutic approach to improve ovary function and attenuate lipid accumulation in order to prevent perimenopause-induced ovary dysfunction and hyperlipidemia...
July 25, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Su Jin Kang, Beom Rak Choi, Seung Hee Kim, Hae Yeon Yi, Hye Rim Park, Chang Hyun Song, Sae Kwang Ku, Young Joon Lee
This study aimed to ascertain the optimal range of red clover dry extracts (RC) and dried pomegranate concentrate powder (PCP) to induce anti-climacteric effects. Thus, the dose ranges showing protective effect of mixed formulae consisting of RC and PCP were examined in ovariectomized mice. At 28 days after bilateral ovariectomy (OVX), mixed herbal compositions (RC:PCP = 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 2:1, 4:1, and 8:1) were administered orally, at 120 mg/kg once daily for 84 days. We evaluated that RC and PCP mixture attenuate OVX-caused obesity, hyperlipidemia, hepatic steatosis, and osteoporosis...
2016: Nutrients
Le-Le Zhang, Ke Tian, Zheng-Hai Tang, Xiao-Jia Chen, Zhao-Xiang Bian, Yi-Tao Wang, Jin-Jian Lu
Carthamus tinctorius L. is a multifunctional cash crop. Its flowers and seeds are extensively used in traditional herbal medicine in China, Korea, Japan, and other Asian countries, for treating various ailments such as gynecological, cardiovascular, and cerebrovascular diseases as well as blood stasis and osteoporosis. More than 100 compounds have been isolated and identified from C. tinctorius. Flavonoids and alkaloids, especially the quinochalcone c-glycoside hydroxysafflor yellow A, N-(p-Coumaroyl)serotonin, and N-feruloylserotonin, are responsible for most of the pharmacological activities of C...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Shufen Liu, Jianhua Huang, Jing Wang, Yongjian Zhao, Sheng Lu, Yongjun Wang, Qin Bian
We studied the bone mesenchymal stem cells (bMSCs) and gene profiles regulated by Er-Xian Decoction (EXD), a traditional Chinese herbal formula widely used for postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment. Six-month-old female Imprinting Control Region mice that underwent ovariectomy were treated with EXD. After 3 months, bone mass was evaluated by μCT and histological and immunohistochemical detection. The self-renewal and differentiation capacities of bMSCs were evaluated by colony-forming unit-fibroblastic, colony-forming unit-adipocyte, and alkaline phosphatase staining...
2016: Stem Cells International
Chun Hay Ko, Kit Man Lau, Lily Chau, David Wing Shing Cheung, Wing Sum Siu, Hing Lok Wong, Wai Ting Shum, Si Gao, Kwok Pui Fung, Ping Chung Leung, Simon Kar-Sing Poon, Clara Bik San Lau
OBJECTIVES: An anti-osteoporotic herbal formula ELP containing Epimedii Herba (E), Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (L) and Psoraleae Fructus (P) was studied to investigate the herb-herb interaction (or the possible synergistic effect) among each component and to identify the principal herbs in different modes of action. METHODS: Rat osteoblast-like UMR-106 cells proliferation, rat MSCs-derived osteoblastogenesis and RANKL-induced RAW 264.7 osteoclastogenesis were adopted to investigate the bone-forming activity and bone-degrading activity of the herbal extracts...
June 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Shaheed Ur Rehman, Kevin Choe, Hye Hyun Yoo
Eurycoma longifolia Jack (known as tongkat ali), a popular traditional herbal medicine, is a flowering plant of the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and also Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. E. longifolia, is one of the well-known folk medicines for aphrodisiac effects as well as intermittent fever (malaria) in Asia. Decoctions of E. longifolia leaves are used for washing itches, while its fruits are used in curing dysentery. Its bark is mostly used as a vermifuge, while the taproots are used to treat high blood pressure, and the root bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea and fever...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Seoyoung Park, Joo-Hyun Kim, Younglim Son, Sung-Ho Goh, Sangtaek Oh
Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) has been used as a traditional oriental medicine and possesses a number of physiological activities. In this study, we used cell-based herbal extract screening to identify longan fruit extract (LFE) as an activator of osteoblast differentiation. LFE up-regulated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, induced mineralization, and activated Runx2 gene expression in MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with LFE promoted the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (Erk1/2); however, abrogation of Erk1/2 activation with PD98059 resulted in down-regulation of the phospho- SMAD1/5/8 and Runx2 levels, which in turn reduced the ALP activity...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Fei Li, Xiaolin Yang, Jianping Bi, Zhonglin Yang, Chunfeng Zhang
Context Eucommiae Cortex and Radix Dipsaci, occurring in a ratio of 1:1 in Du-Zhong-Wan (DZW), a Chinese herbal medicine, is available as a water extract followed by ethanol precipitation for the treatment of osteoporosis, fractures and menopausal syndrome. Objective This study investigates the protective effects of DZW in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss in a rat osteopenia model. Materials and methods Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham-operated group (SHAM) and five OVX subgroups: OVX with vehicle (OVX), 17β-estradiol (E2) and with three graded doses of DZW...
September 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Jian-Hui Xie, Zhi-Wei Chen, Ya-Wei Pan, De-Min Luo, Zi-Ren Su, Hai-Ming Chen, Zhen Qin, Shui-Qing Huang, Gao Lei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix Astragali (RA), Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS) and Folium Epimedii (FE) are three of the extensively applied herbs among traditional Chinese medicines for gynecological disorders and osteoporosis. A derivative herbal formula-RRF, consisting of the three medicines with a weight ratio of 5:1:5, is derived from a famous Chinese herbal formula-Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT). RRF has shown noteworthy perimenopause ameliorating effect in both ovariectomized rats and natural aging female rats, which might represent a promising candidate for the treatment of perimenopausal disorders...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Feifei Xu, Yan Ding, Yingying Guo, Baoyue Liu, Zinong Kou, Wei Xiao, Jingbo Zhu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Epimedium is a popular traditional herbal medicine worldwide that has long been used to relieve osteoporosis. The estrogenic properties of the herb are conferred by several phytoestrogens, such as flavonoids, lignans, and steroids. However, the poor understanding on the estrogen-like mechanism of Epimedium at the molecular and system levels limits the applications of this herb in osteoporosis treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, systems pharmacology was established to investigate the relationship between Epimedium and estrogen against osteoporosis by integrating active component screening, drug-likeness evaluation, herb feature mapping, target prediction and validation, and network analysis...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lili Wang, Yu Li, Yubo Guo, Rufeng Ma, Min Fu, Jianzhao Niu, Sihua Gao, Dongwei Zhang
Herba Epimedii (HEP) known as YinYangHuo in Chinese is the dried leaf of the Epimediium, and has been historically used in combination with other herbs to treat skeletal diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Here, we review the historical TCM interpretation of the action of HEP, its use in clinical trials, its main phytochemical constituents and its pharmacological findings. 85 clinical trials were identified which used HEP in TCM prescriptions with other herbs to treat primary and secondary osteoporosis from 2005 to now...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Ling Wang, Xue-Min Qiu, Yu-Yan Gui, Ying-Ping Xu, Hans-Jürgen Gober, Da-Jin Li
INTRODUCTION: Bu-Shen-Ning-Xin Decoction (BSNXD), a traditional Chinese medicinal composition, has been used as a remedy for postmenopausal osteoporosis, but its effects on bone metabolism and the uterus have not been reported. PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the respective effects of BSNXD on the bones and the uterus of ovariectomized (OVX) mice to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this herbal formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Postmenopausal osteoporosis animal models that were generated by ovariectomy were treated with BSNXD...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Mark F McCarty, James H O'Keefe, James J DiNicolantonio
Lovastatin, the progenitor of the statin family, is in fact a naturally occurring compound produced by the yeast Monascus purpureus. Red yeast rice (RYR), a traditional Chinese food made by fermenting rice with M purpureus, is an herbal medicine that has been used for 1200 y as a therapy for problems related to circulation and digestion. RYR contains a range of compounds known as monacolins, of which monacolin K-renamed lovastatin by pharmaceutical researchers-was found to be the most potent inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis...
2015: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Yoon-Hee Cheon, Jong Min Baek, Sun-Hyang Park, Sung-Jun Ahn, Myeung Su Lee, Jaemin Oh, Ju-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Natural plants, including common vegetables and fruits, have been recognized as essential sources for drug discovery and the development of new, safe, and economical medicaments. Stauntonia hexaphylla (Lardizabalaceae) is widely distributed in Korea, Japan, and China, and is a popular herbal supplement in Korean and Chinese folk medicine owing to its analgesic, sedative, and diuretic properties. However, the exact pharmacological effects of S. hexaphylla extract, particularly its effect on osteoclastogenesis, are not known...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hou-Hsun Liao, Chia-Chou Yeh, Che-Chen Lin, Bor-Chyuan Chen, Ming-Hsien Yeh, Kuo-Ming Chang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used in the treatment of fracture for thousands of years. However, large-scale surveys examing the utilization of Chinese herbal products (CHPs) for treating fractures and their related symptoms are lacking. This study aimed to investigate the prescription patterns of CHPs among patients with fractures in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The TCM usage in patients with fractures was analyzed using a sample of one million individuals randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database who were newly diagnosis with fractures in 2001-2008, with a followed-up period through 2010...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Abdollahi
The most prevalent metabolic disorders are diabetes mellitus, obesity, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis and metabolic syndrome, which are developed when normal metabolic processes are disturbed. The most common pathophysiologies of the above disorders are oxidative stress, Nrf2 pathways, epigenetic, and change in miRNA expression. There is a challenge in the prevention and treatment of metabolic disorders due to severe adverse effects of some synthetic drugs, their high cost, lack of safety and poverty in some conditions, and insufficient accessibility for the general population in the world...
2015: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Jing Zhou, Yi Hua Ma, Zhong Zhou, Yan Chen, Ying Wang, Xia Gao
Herba Epimdii is a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat osteoporosis. Its main pharmacological ingredients are flavonoids. In previous studies conducted in healthy animals, we showed that epimedium flavonoids could be hydrolyzed into secondary glycosides or aglycon by intestinal flora or enzymes, thereby enhancing their absorption and antiosteoporosis activity. To study the medicine in the pathologic state, epimedium flavonoids were incubated with intestinal mucosa and feces in vitro and intestinal perfusion in situ to explore the differences in absorption and metabolism between sham and osteoporosis rats...
October 2015: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Dongdong Yu, Shuai Mu, Danyang Zhao, Guangbin Wang, Zhiguang Chen, Hongfei Ren, Qin Fu
Puerarin is an active component of Pueraria lobata, which is a commonly used Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of osteoporosis. The present study aimed to evaluate the osteoprotective effect of puerarin on glucocorticoid (GC)-induced apoptosis of osteoblasts in vitro. The effects of puerarin on dexamethasone (DEX)-induced cell apoptosis were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay, and found that the viability of hFOB1...
August 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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