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Spiritual care

Ismael Apud, Oriol Romaní
Ayahuasca is a psychoactive beverage from the Amazon, traditionally used by indigenous and mestizo populations in the region. Widespread international use of the beverage began in the 1990s in both secular contexts and religious/spiritual networks. This article offers an analysis of these networks as health care systems in general and for the case of Spain and specifically Catalonia, describing the emergence and characteristics of their groups, and the therapeutic itineraries of some participants. The medical anthropology perspective we take enables us to reflect on the relationship between medicine and religion, and problematize the tensions between medicalization and medical pluralism...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Shane Sinclair, Reanne Booker, Tak Fung, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Bert Enns, Kate Beamer, Naree Ager
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between spiritual, religious, and sociodemographic factors and post-traumatic growth, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in outpatients undergoing bone marrow and/or stem cell transplantation (BMSCT).
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory.
. SETTING: Outpatient bone marrow transplantation clinic at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 100 patients (21 pre-BMSCT and 79 post-BMSCT) accrued consecutively via non-probability sampling...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
David Glenister, Martin Prewer
Objective Most major Victorian hospitals include religious identity in routine admission demographic questions. However, approximately 20% of admissions do not have their religious identity recorded. At the Royal Melbourne Hospital this missing 20% was surveyed throughout 2014-15 for two reasons: (1) to enable patient care; and (2) to provide an insight into the significance of religious identity for patients. There is scarce literature on this subject, so the present mixed-methods study, including a qualitative component, will start to bridge the gap...
October 21, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Sally P Weinrich, Jill E Bormann, Dale Glaser, Sally Hardin, Mary Barger, Cabiria Lizarraga, Juan Del Rio, Carolyn B Allard
Women and families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Negative attitudes of nurses toward homeless women are a major barrier to homeless women seeking health care. This cross-sectional, mixed-methods pilot study, conducted primarily by nurses, tested the Mantram Repetition Program for the first time with 29 homeless women. The Mantram Repetition Program is a spiritually based skills training that teaches mantram (sacred word) repetition as a cost-effective, personalized, portable, and focused strategy for reducing stress and improving well-being...
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
F Nikseresht, M Rassouli, F Torabi, F Farzinfard, S Mansouri, M Ilkhani
This study measured the effect of spiritual care on mental health in mothers of children with cancer. The present quasi-experimental study was with one group pretest posttest design. The findings show that implementation of spiritual care in mothers of children with cancer can improve their mental health.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
José Luis Díaz, César Leal, Klaus Schriewer, Paloma Echevarría
Amputation is a traumatic incident that entails a chain of psychological, physical, and social events. The objectives of the study are to describe the beliefs and the philosophies of life related to the experience of suffering of traumatic amputees, analyze the importance of biomedical care, and describe other forms of care used.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Craig N Sawchuk, Emily Van Dyke, Adam Omidpanah, Joan E Russo, Ursula Tsosie, Jack Goldberg, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is among the leading causes of death in American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), with rates increasing over the last two decades. Barriers in accessing cancer screening and treatment likely contribute to this situation. METHODS: We administered structured clinical interviews and conducted descriptive and multiple linear regression analyses of demographic, health, spiritual, and treatment factors associated with self-reported barriers to cancer care among 143 adult AI/AN oncology patients...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Betty Ferrell, Elaine Wittenberg, Vanessa Battista, Gay Walker
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore nurse experiences in communication with children about spiritual topics in order to develop training in this area. BACKGROUND: Although spiritual care is essential in pediatric palliative care, few providers receive training about communication with ill children about spirituality. METHODS: Researchers developed a brief survey to prompt nurses to reflect on pediatric palliative care experiences that included spiritual discussions...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Debbie Selby, Dori Seccaraccia, Jim Huth, Kristin Kurrpa, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs') perception of their role in provision of spiritual care, in addition to attempting to identify a simple question(s) to help identify spiritual distress. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is well recognized as important to whole-person care, particularly in those with terminal illnesses. Understanding the role of front-line providers in the identification and management of spiritual distress, however, remains challenging...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Marta Dąbrowska-Bender, Magdalena Milewska, Aleksandra Gołąbek, Aneta Duda-Zalewska, Anna Staniszewska
BACKGROUND: Cerebral stroke is the major cause of disability in the modern world and, given its consequences, poses serious medical and social problems. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the quality of life of patients who suffered from an ischemic cerebral stroke with respect to various areas of life, including, in particular, clinical and psychoemotional factors. The study hypothesis states that the poststroke quality of life is reduced in the general context as well as in the context of specific areas of life...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
John G Cagle, Philip Osteen, Paul Sacco, Jodi Jacobson Frey
CONTEXT: Hospice social workers are charged with completing a psychosocial assessment for every new enrollee. This assessment is part of the patient's comprehensive assessment and serves to inform the plan of care and key quality indicators. OBJECTIVES: To review the content of hospice social work assessments because little is known about what assessment topics are included or overlooked. METHODS: Using a clustered random sample from all 50 states, we contacted hospice agencies and requested a blank copy of the social work assessment completed at intake...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Olav Nyttingnes, Torleif Ruud, Jorun Rugkåsa
PURPOSE: Some patients criticize coercive mental health treatment using extremely strong words. This may be connected to poor therapeutic relationships and unfavourable treatment outcomes, so a better understanding of this criticism is warranted. METHODS: Data consisted of detailed notes from 15 all-day dialogue seminars on coercion and voluntariness in Oslo, Norway from 2006 to 2009. Very dissatisfied patients and ex-patients were a central voice through the seminars...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Glenda Cook, Cathy Bailey, Philip Hodgson, Joanne Gray, Emma Barron, Christine McMillan, Roy Marston, Eleanor Binks, Joanne Rose
The aim of this study was to examine sheltered housing tenants' views of health and well-being, the strategies they adopted to support their well-being, and their use of health and social care services through a Health Needs Assessment. Sheltered housing in the UK is a form of service-integrated housing for people, predominantly over 60. The study used a parallel, three-strand mixed method approach to encompass the tenants' perceptions of health and well-being (n = 96 participants), analysis of the service's health and well-being database, and analysis of emergency and elective hospital admissions (n = 978 tenant data sets for the period January to December 2012)...
October 10, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Carrie Morgan Eaton, Robert K Gable
OBJECTIVE: To investigate vicarious posttraumatic growth in labor and delivery nurses who cared for women during traumatic births. DESIGN: A convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 467 labor and delivery nurses who completed the quantitative portion and 295 (63%) who completed the qualitative portion of this mixed-methods study via the Internet. METHODS: The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses sent out e-mails to members who were labor and delivery nurses with a link to the electronic survey...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Marie-Noëlle Bélanger-Lévesque, Marc Dumas, Simon Blouin, Jean-Charles Pasquier
BACKGROUND: While spirituality is well described in end-of-life care literature, research on its place in the delivery room remains largely limited to mother-oriented qualitative studies focusing on life-threatening situations (e.g., high-risk pregnancies). Our aim was to compare mothers' and fathers' spirituality during childbirth. METHODS: A mixed methods questionnaire was developed from our childbirth-related spirituality categorization and distributed to all parents of newborns, 12-24 h postpartum, over 45 consecutive days...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Gowri Anandarajah, Janet Roseman, Danny Lee, Nupur Dhandhania
CONTEXT: Although spiritual care (SC) is recognized as important in whole-person medicine, physicians infrequently address patients' spiritual needs, citing lack of training. Although many SC curricula descriptions exist, few studies report effects on physicians. OBJECTIVES: To broadly examine immediate and long-term effects of a required, longitudinal, residency SC curriculum, which emphasized inclusive patient-centered SC, compassion and spiritual self-care. METHODS: We conducted in-depth individual interviews with 26 physicians (13 intervention;13 comparison) trained at a 13-13-13 residency...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Kyle Killian, Pilar Hernandez-Wolfe, David Engstrom, David Gangsei
Objective: Attending to the potential impacts, both positive and negative, of clinical work with trauma survivors on professionals themselves is a crucial aspect of clinical training and supervision. Vicarious resilience refers to unique, positive effects that transform therapists in response to witnessing trauma survivors' resilience and recovery process. This study describes the development and exploratory factor analysis of the first instrument to assess vicarious resilience. Method: The Vicarious Resilience Scale (VRS) was developed and administered via electronic survey to 190 helping professionals from around the globe working with survivors of severe traumas, such as torture...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Nicholas G Wysham, Michael J Hochman, Steven P Wolf, Christopher E Cox, Arif H Kamal
CONTEXT: Quality metrics for intensive care unit (ICU)-based palliative care have been proposed but it is unknown how consultative palliative care can contribute to performance on these measures. OBJECTIVES: Assess adherence to proposed quality metrics of intensive care unit (ICU)-based palliative care by palliative care specialists. METHODS: Surrogates for 9/14 patient-level quality metrics were assessed in all patients who received an initial palliative care specialist consult while in an ICU from 10/26/2012 to 1/16/2015 in the Global Palliative Care Quality Alliance, a nationwide palliative care quality registry...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Jana Maryšková
As military and prison chaplains have been active in the military or prison service for many years, nowadays, hospital chaplains have been active in many hospitals in the Czech Republic, too. The work of hospital chaplains, however, still lacks the necessary legislative framework and being embodied in law, which brings some drawbacks. These include primarily non-participation of the ministry of health as a contractual partner in the agreement on spiritual care in health care, the lack of a framework that would arrange the status of chaplains among other health professionals and the related uncertainty regarding career and competency profile of a chaplain...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Christine M Mitchell, Zachary D Epstein-Peterson, Julia Bandini, Ada Amobi, Jonathan Cahill, Andrea Enzinger, Sarah Noveroske, John Peteet, Tracy Balboni, Michael Balboni
CONTEXT: While many studies have addressed the integration of a religion/spirituality curriculum into medical school training, few describe the process of curriculum development based on qualitative data from students and faculty. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the perspectives of medical students and chaplaincy trainees regarding the development of a curriculum to facilitate reflection on moral and spiritual dimensions of caring for the critically-ill, and to train students in self-care practices that promote professionalism...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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