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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469429/a-machine-learning-approach-to-evaluating-illness-induced-religious-struggle
#1
Joshua Glauser, Brian Connolly, Paul Nash, Daniel H Grossoehme
Religious or spiritual struggles are clinically important to health care chaplains because they are related to poorer health outcomes, involving both mental and physical health problems. Identifying persons experiencing religious struggle poses a challenge for chaplains. One potentially underappreciated means of triaging chaplaincy effort are prayers written in chapel notebooks. We show that religious struggle can be identified in these notebooks through instances of negative religious coping, such as feeling anger or abandonment toward God...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441099/the-comprehensive-female-soldier-support-model
#2
Daniel L Roberts, Joann Kovacich, Melvin J Rivers
Women represent a small minority in the U.S. military and an even smaller minority in the military chaplaincy. Prior to this study, the U.S. Army chaplaincy did not have a gender-specific model for providing support to women soldiers. In this Delphi research project, wounded women soldiers and female military chaplains provided expert opinions to develop the comprehensive female soldier support model (CFS2). Ten military women and 11 female chaplains who had been deployed overseas contributed to the body of knowledge related to the understanding of the emotional and spiritual support needs of wounded female soldiers...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426335/chaplaincy-encounters-following-a-suicide-attempt
#3
Marek S Kopacz, Cathleen P Kane, Wilfred R Pigeon, Jason A Nieuwsma
This descriptive study examines the provision of chaplaincy services to veterans who sought health care at a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center following a suicide attempt. A system-wide VA database of suicidal behavior was used to identify a cohort of n = 22,701 veterans who survived a suicide attempt. Next, an electronic review of VA clinical records found that n = 7,447 (32.8%) received chaplaincy services in the 30 days following their attempt. Of this group, the overwhelming majority of first chaplaincy encounters took place in in-patient settings: n = 6890 (92...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414013/the-efficacy-of-primary-care-chaplaincy-compared-with-antidepressants-a-retrospective-study-comparing-chaplaincy-with-antidepressants
#4
Gordon Macdonald
Aim To determine the effectiveness of primary care chaplaincy (PCC) when used as the sole intervention, with outcomes being compared directly with those of antidepressants. This was to be carried out in a homogenous study population reflective of certain demographics in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of patients are living with long-term conditions and 'modern maladies' and are experiencing loss of well-being and depression. There is an increasing move to utilise non-pharmacological interventions such as 'talking therapies' within this context...
April 17, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394726/chaplaincy-visitation-and-spiritual-care-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#5
Melissa L Howell, Kristin Schwab, Alison M Ayres, Dean Shapley, Christopher D Anderson, M Edip Gurol, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Joshua N Goldstein
To better understand factors influencing spiritual care during critical illness, we examined the use of spiritual care in patients hospitalized with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a frequently disabling and fatal disease. Specifically, the study was designed to examine which demographic and clinical characteristics were associated with chaplain visits to critically ill patients. The charts of consecutive adults (>18) with spontaneous ICH presenting to a single academic medical center between January 2014 and September 2015 were reviewed...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361012/surveillance-and-prayer-comparing-muslim-prison-chaplaincy-in-germany-s-federal-states
#6
Lisa Harms-Dalibon
Moving beyond approaches that emphasise the influence of national ideologies and transnational frameworks on the governance of religious diversity in Western Europe, recent scholarship has underlined the importance of analysing the impact of concrete institutional settings such as hospitals, schools and prisons on the public incorporation of religious minorities. Building on this approach, the present article analyses the emergence of Muslim prison chaplaincies in three German federal states by focussing on how framing strategies of state- and religious actors accommodate the national state-church framework and prison-related norms...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279141/e-chaplaincy-asking-some-questions
#7
Mary M Atkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156526/integrating-contemplative-and-spiritual-care-in-outpatient-palliative-care-a-pilot-study
#8
Alex Beth Schapiro
247 Background: Spiritual support is associated with better outcomes in cancer care and at the end of life (1, 2). Consensus guidelines advocate for incorporating spiritual care in the provision of specialist level palliative care (3). Contemplative care practices and chaplaincy interventions have the potential for mitigating existential distress, cultivating prognostic awareness, and fostering spiritual approaches to grieving and coping with advanced cancer. We present the results of a pilot program demonstrating the feasibility and impact of integrating a contemplative care chaplain in an outpatient palliative care program in a culturally diverse patient population in a large, academic cancer center...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146647/chaplains-working-in-palliative-care-who-they-are-and-what-they-do
#9
Jane Jeuland, George Fitchett, Dena Schulman-Green, Jennifer Kapo
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) programs utilize chaplains to address patients' spiritual care needs; however, there is no comprehensive description of chaplaincy in PC programs nationally. OBJECTIVE: To describe chaplains working in PC across the United States, including their integration on the PC team and visit content. DESIGN: National online survey conducted February-April 2015. SUBJECTS: We invited participation from hospital-based chaplains belonging to four national professional chaplain associations who spent 15% or more of their working hours with PC teams...
May 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137999/the-role-of-religious-beliefs-in-ethics-committee-consultations-for-conflict-over-life-sustaining-treatment
#10
Julia I Bandini, Andrew Courtwright, Angelika A Zollfrank, Ellen M Robinson, Wendy Cadge
Previous research has suggested that individuals who identify as being more religious request more aggressive medical treatment at end of life. These requests may generate disagreement over life-sustaining treatment (LST). Outside of anecdotal observation, however, the actual role of religion in conflict over LST has been underexplored. Because ethics committees are often consulted to help mediate these conflicts, the ethics consultation experience provides a unique context in which to investigate this question...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126871/primary-care-chaplaincy-a-valid-talking-therapy
#11
Gordon Macdonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880088/lectio-divina-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-chaplaincy-program
#12
Marek S Kopacz, Mary S Adams, Robert F Searle
This participant outcome evaluation serves as a preliminary investigation into the effects of lectio divina, a chaplaincy service representing a form of focused Scripture reading. A sample of n = 19 patients who participated in this service at a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in upstate New York was screened at baseline and 30-days follow-up using the Duke University Religion Index, Berg Spiritual Injury Scale, and a screening question for thoughts of harming self or others. These measures were used to assess the intended outcomes of enhanced religiosity, ameliorated spiritual injury, and decreased thoughts of violence...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869567/use-of-the-daily-phone-diary-to-study-religiosity-and-mood-convergent-validity
#13
Rhonda D Szczesniak, Yuanshu Zou, Sophia M Dimitriou, Alexandra L Quittner, Daniel H Grossoehme
Studies of religious/spiritual behavior frequently rely on self-reported questionnaire data, which is susceptible to bias. The Daily Phone Diary (DPD) was developed to minimize bias in reporting activities and behavior across a 24-hour period. A cross-sectional study of 126 parents of children with cystic fibrosis was used to establish the validity of the DPD to study religious/spiritual behaviors. Longitudinal models were used to determine the odds of improved mood during religious/spiritual activities. Convergent validity was found...
April 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810565/frequency-and-predictors-of-acute-hospitalization-before-death-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#14
Eli L Diamond, Katherine S Panageas, Alexis Dallara, Ariel Pollock, Allison J Applebaum, Alan C Carver, Elena Pentsova, Lisa M DeAngelis, Holly G Prigerson
CONTEXT: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a devastating and incurable neuro-oncologic disease, and issues related to the end of life are almost invariably a matter of "when," not a matter of "if." Optimizing symptom management and quality of life in later stages of disease is of the utmost priority. OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of and factors associated with late acute hospital admission before death in patients with GBM. METHODS: Case-control study comparing patients with GBM admitted to the hospital within one month of death to those without late hospital admission...
February 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754759/a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-healthcare-professional-s-understanding-and-approach-to-management-of-spiritual-distress-in-an-acute-care-setting
#15
Debbie Selby, Dori Seccaraccia, Jim Huth, Kristin Kurrpa, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs') perception of their role in provision of spiritual care, in addition to attempting to identify a simple question(s) to help identify spiritual distress. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is well recognized as important to whole-person care, particularly in those with terminal illnesses. Understanding the role of front-line providers in the identification and management of spiritual distress, however, remains challenging...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719733/does-on-site-chaplaincy-enhance-the-health-and-well-being-of-fly-in-fly-out-fifo-personnel
#16
Angela Ebert, Karin Strehlow
Issue addressed: The fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) work style has been linked to mental-health and interpersonal issues and a need for strategies that maintain a healthy workforce. This study investigated whether 24/7 on-site chaplains deliver a service that promotes the health and well being of FIFO personnel.Methods: A phenomenological approach was used to explore the perceptions of FIFO personnel working in different roles and organisational sections on a remote mine site in Western Australia. Multi-pronged strategies recruited 29 participants who represented management, supervisors, workers and support staff...
October 6, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693904/developing-a-medical-school-curriculum-for-psychological-moral-and-spiritual-wellness-student-and-faculty-perspectives
#17
Christine M Mitchell, Zachary D Epstein-Peterson, Julia Bandini, Ada Amobi, Jonathan Cahill, Andrea Enzinger, Sarah Noveroske, John Peteet, Tracy Balboni, Michael J Balboni
CONTEXT: Although many studies have addressed the integration of a religion and/or spirituality curriculum into medical school training, few describe the process of curriculum development based on qualitative data from students and faculty. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the perspectives of medical students and chaplaincy trainees regarding the development of a curriculum to facilitate reflection on moral and spiritual dimensions of caring for the critically ill and to train students in self-care practices that promote professionalism...
November 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317100/service-user-views-of-spiritual-and-pastoral-care-chaplaincy-in-nhs-mental-health-services-a-co-produced-constructivist-grounded-theory-investigation
#18
Julian Raffay, Emily Wood, Andrew Todd
BACKGROUND: Within the UK National Health Service (NHS), Spiritual and Pastoral Care (SPC) Services (chaplaincies) have not traditionally embraced research due to the intangible nature of their work. However, small teams like SPC can lead the way towards services across the NHS becoming patient- centred and patient-led. Using co-production principles within research can ensure it, and the resulting services, are truly patient-led. METHODS: A series of interviews were conducted with service users across directorates of a large NHS mental health Trust...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254073/-chaplains-for-wellbeing-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-investigation-of-their-perceived-impact-for-patients-health-and-wellbeing
#19
Wilfred McSherry, Adam Boughey, Peter Kevern
Although Health Chaplaincy services are well-established in hospitals in the United Kingdom and across the world, Primary Care Chaplaincy is still in its infancy and much less extensively developed. This study explored the impact the introduction of a Primary Care "Chaplains for Wellbeing" service had upon patients' experience and perceived health and well-being. Sixteen patients participated in one-one interviews. Transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Patients reported circumstances that had eroded perceived self-efficacy, self-identity, and security manifesting as existential displacement; summarized under the superordinate theme of "loss...
October 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191058/communicating-chaplains-care-narrative-documentation-in-a-neuroscience-spine-intensive-care-unit
#20
Rebecca Johnson, M Jeanne Wirpsa, Lara Boyken, Matthew Sakumoto, George Handzo, Abel Kho, Linda Emanuel
Chaplaincy care is different for every patient; a growing challenge is to ensure that electronic health records function to support personalized care. While ICU health care teams have advanced clinical practice guidelines to identify and integrate relevant aspects of the patient's story into whole person care, recommendations for documentation are rare. This qualitative study of over 400 free-text EHR notes offers unique insight into current use of free-text documentation in ICU by six chaplains integrated into the healthcare team...
October 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
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