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J L Wedding, H H Harris, C A Bader, S E Plush, R Mak, M Massi, D A Brooks, B Lai, S Vogt, M V Werrett, P V Simpson, B W Skelton, S Stagni
Optical epifluorescence microscopy was used in conjunction with X-ray fluorescence imaging to monitor the stability and intracellular distribution of the luminescent rhenium(i) complex fac-[Re(CO)3(phen)L], where phen = 1,10-phenathroline and L = 5-(4-iodophenyl)tetrazolato, in 22Rv1 cells. The rhenium complex showed no signs of ancillary ligand dissociation, a conclusion based on data obtained via X-ray fluorescence imaging aligning iodine and rhenium distributions. A diffuse reticular localisation was detected for the complex in the nuclear/perinuclear region of cells, by either optical or X-ray fluorescence imaging techniques...
December 2, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Thomas J Reade, Thomas S Murphy, James A Calladine, Raphael Horvath, Ian P Clark, Gregory M Greetham, Michael Towrie, William Lewis, Michael W George, Neil R Champness
The structures and photochemical behaviour of two new metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are reported. Reaction of Re(2,2'-bipy-5,5'-dicarboxylic acid)(CO)3Cl or Mn(2,2'-bipy-5,5'-dicarboxylic acid)(CO)3Br with LiCl or LiBr, respectively, produces single crystals of {Li2(DMF)2 [(2,2'-bipy-5,5'-dicarboxylate)Re(CO)3Cl]}n ( RELI: ) or {Li2(DMF)2[(2,2'-bipy-5,5'-dicarboxylate)Mn(CO)3Br]}n ( MNLI: ). The structures formed by the two MOFs comprise one-dimensional chains of carboxylate-bridged Li(I) cations that are cross-linked by units of Re(2,2'-bipy-5,5'-dicarboxylate)(CO)3Cl ( RELI: ) or Mn(2,2'-bipy-5,5'- dicarboxylate)(CO)3Br ( MNLI: )...
January 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Jackie Morton, Emma Tan, S Kim Suvarna
The aim of this study was to establish concentrations of a wide range of elements in human lung samples to allow better identification of potential exposures in subsequent cases. This study reports concentrations of 48 elements (Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Br, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ge, Hf, Hg, In, Li, Mn, Mo, Nb, Ni, Os, Pb, Pd, Pt, Rb, Re, Ru, Sb, Se, Sm, Sn, Sr, Ta, Te, Ti, Tl, Tm, V, W, Y, Zn and Zr) in fresh lung tissue samples from 54 hospital patients, of which 93% exhibited various forms of neoplasia...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Anita Toscani, Khairil A Jantan, Jubeda B Hena, Jonathan A Robson, Emily J Parmenter, Valentina Fiorini, Andrew J P White, Stefano Stagni, James D E T Wilton-Ely
The versatile rhenium complex [ReCl(CO)3(bpyC[triple bond, length as m-dash]CH)] (HC[triple bond, length as m-dash]Cbpy = 5-ethynyl-2,2'-bipyridine) is used to generate a series of bimetallic complexes through the hydrometallation of [MHCl(CO)(BTD)(PPh3)2] (M = Ru, Os; BTD = 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole). The ruthenium complex [Ru{CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH-bpyReCl(CO)3}Cl(BTD)(CO)(PPh3)2] was characterised structurally. Ligand exchange reactions with bifunctional linkers bearing oxygen and sulfur donors provide access to tetra- and pentametallic complexes such as [{M{CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH-bpyReCl(CO)3}(CO)(PPh3)2}2(S2CNC4H8NCS2)] and Fe[C5H4CO2M{CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH-bpyReCl(CO)3}(CO)(PPh3)2]2...
November 22, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jianguo Lin, Ling Qiu, Gaochao Lv, Ke Li, Wei Wang, Guiqing Liu, Xueyu Zhao, Shanshan Wang
Technetium-99 m-based radiopharmaceuticals have been used widely as diagnostic agents in the nuclear medicine. Chlorambucil (CLB) as one typical alkylating drug exhibits excellent inhibition effects against many human malignancies. In order to develop and explore a novel potential imaging agent for early diagnosis of tumors, tricarbonyl technetium-99 m and rhenium complexes based on the tridentate ligand dipicolylamine (DPA) bound to the chlorambucil pharmacophore were designed and synthesized: (99m) Tc-DPA-CLB (3) and Re-DPA-CLB (4)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Amali Subasinghe, Inoka C Perera, Svetlana Pakhomova, Theshini Perera
A novel ligand bearing a central piperidinyl sulfonamide group, N(SO2pip)dpa, and its corresponding Re tricarbonyl complex, [Re(CO)3(N(SO2pip)dpa)](+), have been synthesized in good yield. The methylene CH2 signal seen as a singlet (4.54 ppm) in a (1)H NMR spectrum of the ligand in DMSO-d6 appears as two doublets (5.39, 5.01 ppm) in a spectrum of the [Re(CO)3(N(SO2pip)dpa)](+) complex and confirms the presence of magnetically nonequivalent protons upon coordination to Re. Structural results revealed that the Re-N bond lengths fall within the normal range establishing coordination of ligand to metal...
2016: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Beth Goins, Ande Bao, William T Phillips
Liposomes can serve as carriers of radionuclides for diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications. Herein, procedures are outlined for radiolabeling liposomes with the gamma-emitting radionuclide, technetium-99m ((99m)Tc), for noninvasive detection of disease and for monitoring the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of liposomal drugs, and/or with therapeutic beta-emitting radionuclides, rhenium-186/188 ((186/188)Re), for radionuclide therapy. These efficient and practical liposome radiolabeling methods use a post-labeling mechanism to load (99m)Tc or (186/188)Re into preformed liposomes prepared in advance of the labeling procedure...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tomoaki Suzudo, Akira Hasegawa
Modeling the evolution of radiation-induced defects is important for finding radiation-resistant materials, which would be greatly appreciated in nuclear applications. We apply the density functional theory combined with comprehensive analyses of massive experimental database to indicate a mechanism to mitigate the effect of radiation on W crystals by adding particular solute elements that change the migration property of interstitials. The resultant mechanism is applicable to any body-centered-cubic (BCC) metals whose self-interstitial atoms become a stable crowdion and is expected to provide a general guideline for computational design of radiation-resistant alloys in the field of nuclear applications...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jaewoo Shim, Seyong Oh, Dong-Ho Kang, Seo-Hyeon Jo, Muhammad Hasnain Ali, Woo-Young Choi, Keun Heo, Jaeho Jeon, Sungjoo Lee, Minwoo Kim, Young Jae Song, Jin-Hong Park
Recently, negative differential resistance devices have attracted considerable attention due to their folded current-voltage characteristic, which presents multiple threshold voltage values. Because of this remarkable property, studies associated with the negative differential resistance devices have been explored for realizing multi-valued logic applications. Here we demonstrate a negative differential resistance device based on a phosphorene/rhenium disulfide (BP/ReS2) heterojunction that is formed by type-III broken-gap band alignment, showing high peak-to-valley current ratio values of 4...
November 7, 2016: Nature Communications
Anna A Krasilnikova, Anastasiya O Solovieva, Anton A Ivanov, Kristina E Trifonova, Tatyana N Pozmogova, Alphiya R Tsygankova, Anton I Smolentsev, Evgeniy I Kretov, David S Sergeevichev, Michael A Shestopalov, Yuri V Mironov, Alexander M Shestopalov, Alexander F Poveshchenko, Lidiya V Shestopalova
Octahedral rhenium cluster complexes may have considerable potential as therapeutic and diagnostic drugs due to their luminescent and X-ray contrast properties, as well as their ability to generate singlet oxygen upon photoirradiation. However, their potential biological effects and toxicity in vitro and in vivo are rather far from being understood. Thus, the aim of our research was to study cytotoxicity, intracellular localization and cellular uptake/elimination kinetics in vitro, biodistribution and acute intravenous toxicity in vivo of a complex Na4[{Re6Te8}(CN)6] as the promising compound for biomedical application...
November 2, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Masaki Mito, Hideaki Matsui, Kazuki Tsuruta, Tomiko Yamaguchi, Kazuma Nakamura, Hiroyuki Deguchi, Naoki Shirakawa, Hiroki Adachi, Tohru Yamasaki, Hideaki Iwaoka, Yoshifumi Ikoma, Zenji Horita
Finding a physical approach for increasing the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) is a challenge in the field of material science. Shear strain effects on the superconductivity of rhenium were investigated using magnetic measurements, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and first-principles calculations. A large shear strain reduces the grain size and simultaneously expands the unit cells, resulting in an increase in Tc. Here we show that this shear strain approach is a new method for enhancing Tc and differs from that using hydrostatic strain...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Radu F Semeniuc, Daniel L Reger, Mark D Smith
Heterotopic ligands offer the possibility of preparing polynuclear bimetallic complexes. Recent studies of heteroditopic ligands and their metal complexes have focused on novel supramolecular systems, biological activity, and the development of MRI contrast agents. The heteroditopic ligand Bipy-CH2-O-CH2-C(pz)3 (Bipy-L; Bipy is 2,2'-bipyridine and pz is pyrazolyl) reacts with AgBF4 to produce the coordination polymer catena-poly[[silver(I)-(μ-5-{[tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methoxy]methyl-κ(2)N,N'}-2,2'-bipyridine-κ(2)N,N')] diethyl ether hemisolvate], {[Ag(C22H20N8O)]BF4·0...
November 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Alex J Kosanovich, Wei-Chun Shih, Rodrigo Ramírez-Contreras, Oleg V Ozerov
A novel PNN-type pincer ligand has been accessed via imine reduction with LiAlH4 to provide the phosphine diamino proligand, PN(H)N(H) (1). The ligand, 1, as well as PN(H)P can be metallated directly, via N-H cleavage, with L2ReOX2(OEt) precursors to access six-coordinate (PNP)ReOCl2 (2) and (PNN(H))ReOX2 (3-Cl, X = Cl; 3-Br, X = Br) in good yield. 3-Cl and 3-Br undergo dehydrohalogenation upon treatment with NEt3, furnishing the five-coordinate phosphine/diamido PNN-type compounds (PNN)ReOX (4-Cl, X = Cl; 4-Br, X = Br) in excellent yield, presenting as a mixture of rotameric diasteromers...
November 3, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Xiaobo Li, Fangfang Cui, Qingliang Feng, Gang Wang, Xiaosa Xu, Juanxia Wu, Nannan Mao, Xing Liang, Zhongyue Zhang, Jin Zhang, Hua Xu
As an anisotropic 2D layered material, rhenium disulfide (ReS2) has attracted much attention because of its unusual properties and promising applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, the low lattice symmetry and interlayer decoupling of ReS2 make asymmetric growth and out-of-plane growth occur quite easily; therefore, thick flake, dendritic and flower-like structures of ReS2 have mostly been obtained previously. Here, we report on an approach based on space-confined epitaxial growth for the controlled synthesis of ReS2 films...
December 7, 2016: Nanoscale
Tomás F Beltrán, Guillermo Zaragoza, Lionel Delaude
Five complexes with the generic formula [ReBr(CO)3(κ(2)-S,S'-S2C·NHC)] were obtained by reacting [ReBr(CO)5] with a set of representative imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylate zwitterions. These ligands are the adducts of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) and carbon disulfide. The monometallic Re(i) compounds were further coupled with Na[Re(CO)5] to afford bimetallic Re(0) species. Depending on the experimental conditions, either octacarbonyl dimers [Re2(CO)8(μ2-κ(1)-S,κ(1)-S'-S2C·NHC)] or hexacarbonyl clusters [Re2(CO)6(κ(2)-S,S'-κ(3)-S,C,S'-S2C·NHC)] were isolated...
November 2, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Philippe Collery, François Santoni, Joseph Ciccolini, Thi Ngoc Nga Tran, Ahmed Mohsen, Didier Desmaele
Rhenium (I)-diselenoether has shown promising antiproliferative efficacy in both in vitro and in vivo models. However, the maximal tolerated dose and dose-effect relationships have not been fully addressed for this compound. Here, we evaluated the tolerance and efficacy of three dose-levels (namely 10, 40 and 100 mg/kg) intraperitoneally administered daily over 28 days in mice bearing the resistant MDA-MB231 breast cancer cell line. The upper dose was found to be toxic and was reduced to 60 mg/kg. The 10 mg/kg dose well tolerated, whereas 40 mg/kg was associated with 10% mortality (LD10)...
November 2016: Anticancer Research
Philippe Collery, Francois Santoni, Ahmed Mohsen, Caroline Mignard, Didier Desmaele
It has been shown that a rhenium-(I)-diselenoether complex had significant antitumor activity in MDA-MB231 tumor-bearing mice after repeated oral or intraperitoneal administrations for 4 weeks at safe doses of 10 mg/kg/day. It has also been suggested that lower doses could be as effective as this dose. We, thus, tested two doses (5 and 10 mg/kg). The drug was orally administered daily by gavage for 4 weeks and for a further 2 weeks with or without 15 mg/kg paclitaxel treatment (intravenously, once a week). This experiment was performed in MDA-MB 231 tumor-bearing mice, as a model of resistant breast tumor...
November 2016: Anticancer Research
Annabelle Cikankowitz, Anne Clavreul, Clément Tétaud, Laurent Lemaire, Audrey Rousseau, Nicolas Lepareur, Djamel Dabli, Francis Bouchet, Emmanuel Garcion, Philippe Menei, Olivier Couturier, François Hindré
Internal radiation strategies hold great promise for glioblastoma (GB) therapy. We previously developed a nanovectorized radiotherapy that consists of lipid nanocapsules loaded with a lipophilic complex of Rhenium-188 (LNC(188)Re-SSS). This approach resulted in an 83 % cure rate in the 9L rat glioma model, showing great promise. The efficacy of LNC(188)Re-SSS treatment was optimized through the induction of a T-cell immune response in this model, as it is highly immunogenic. However, this is not representative of the human situation where T-cell suppression is usually encountered in GB patients...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Krzysztof Lyczko
A new polymorph of the title compound, [Re(NCS)(C7H8N2O)(CO)3], crystallizing in the space group P21/n, has been obtained and structurally characterized by the experiment and DFT calculations. In this complex, the rhenium(I) cation is octa-hedrally coordinated by three carbonyl groups in a facial configuration, the N,O-bidentate N-methyl-pyridine-2-carboxamide ligand and the N-bonded thio-cyanate anion. Neighbouring mol-ecules are linked into a three-dimensional network by inter-molecular N-H⋯S and C-H⋯S inter-actions...
October 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
David S Geller, Jonathan Morris, Ekaterina Revskaya, Mani Kahn, Wendong Zhang, Sajida Piperdi, Amy Park, Pratistha Koirala, Hillary Guzik, Charles Hall, Bang Hoang, Rui Yang, Michael Roth, Jonathan Gill, Richard Gorlick, Ekaterina Dadachova
INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma overall survival has plateaued around 70%, without meaningful improvements in over 30years. Outcomes for patients with overt metastatic disease at presentation or who relapse are dismal. In this study we investigated a novel osteosarcoma therapy utilizing radioimmunotherapy (RIT) targeted to IGF2R, which is widely expressed in OS. METHODS: Binding efficiency of the Rhenium-188((188)Re)-labeled IGF2R-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) to IGF2R on OS17 OS cells was assessed with Scatchard plot analysis...
December 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
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