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K Anand, C Tiloke, A Phulukdaree, B Ranjan, A Chuturgoon, S Singh, R M Gengan
The biosynthesis of nanostructured biopalladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) from an aqueous solution of crystalline palladium acetate is reported. For the synthesised PdNPs in solution, an agroforest biomass waste petal of Moringa oleifera derived bis-phthalate was used as natural reducing and biocapping agents. Continuous absorption in the UV region and subsequent brown colour change confirmed the formation of PdNPs. A strong surface plasmon peak for PdNPs occurred at 460nm. PdNPs were characterized by SEM with EDX, FTIR, TEM and DLS...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Sunil K George, Mehran Abolbashari, John D Jackson, Tamer Aboushwareb, Anthony Atala, James J Yoo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs when certain conditions cause the kidneys to gradually lose function. For patients with CKD, renal transplantation is the only treatment option that restores kidney function. In this study, we evaluated primary renal cells obtained from diseased kidneys to determine whether their normal phenotypic and functional characteristics are retained, and could be used for cell therapy. Primary renal cells isolated from both normal kidneys (NK) and diseased kidneys (CKD) showed similar phenotypic characteristics and growth kinetics...
2016: PloS One
Quentin Jeangros, Martial Duchamp, Jérémie Werner, Maximilian Kruth, Rafal E Dunin-Borkowski, Björn Niesen, Christophe Ballif, Aïcha Hessler-Wyser
Changes in the nanostructure of methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskite solar cells are assessed as a function of current/voltage stimulus by biasing thin samples in situ in a transmission electron microscope. Various degradation pathways are identified both in situ and ex situ, predominantly at the positively biased MAPbI3 interface. Iodide migrates into the positively biased transport layer and also volatilises along with organic species, which triggers the nucleation of PbI2 nanoparticles and voids and hence decreases the cell performance...
October 24, 2016: Nano Letters
Ying-Feng Hsu, Yu-Hsun Chen, Chih-Wei Chang
We performed comprehensive studies on the photoluminescence properties of the carbon dots prepared from citric acid (C-dots(CA)) and citric acid + ethylenediamine (C-dots(CA+EDA)). The cryogenic experiment confirmed that the excitation dependent fluorescence and the spectral relaxation dynamics of the C-dots are associated with the presence of multiple emissive states/species in the C-dots instead of solvation dynamics. Moreover, we also compared the size of the C-dots estimated from the TEM/AFM images and fluorescence anisotropy methods...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Qiufang Yao, Chao Wang, Bitao Fan, Hanwei Wang, Qingfeng Sun, Chunde Jin, Hong Zhang
In the present paper, uniformly large-scale wurtzite-structured ZnO nanorod arrays (ZNAs) were deposited onto a wood surface through a one-step solvothermal method. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetry (TG), and differential thermal analysis (DTA). ZNAs with a diameter of approximately 85 nm and a length of approximately 1...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ömer Dag, Fadime Mert Balcı, Ömer Ulaş Kudu, Eda Yilmaz
Mesoporous Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) thin film is an important anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Mesoporous films could be prepared by self-assembly processes. Here we employed a molten salt assisted self-assembly (MASA) process to prepare mesoporous thin films of LTOs. A clear ethanol solution of CTAB, P123, LiNO3, HNO3, and Ti(OC4H9)4 form a gel-like meso-ordered films upon either by spin or spray coating. In the assembly process, The CTAB/P123 mole ratio of 14 is required to accommodate enough salt species in the mesophase, where the Li(I)/P123 can be varied between a mole ratio of 28 and 72...
October 23, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sergio Battiato, Jean-Luc Deschanvres, Hervé Roussel, Laetitia Rapenne, Béatrice Doisneau, Guglielmo G Condorelli, David Muñoz-Rojas, Carmen Jiménez, Graziella Malandrino
Conventional and Pulsed Liquid Injection MOCVD processes (C-MOCVD and PLI-MOCVD) have been explored as synthetic routes for the growth of BaMgF4 on Si (100) and single crystalline SrTiO3 (100) substrates. For the two applied approaches, the volatile, thermally stable β-diketonate complexes Ba(hfa)2tetraglyme and Mg(hfa)2(diglyme)2(H2O)2 have been used as single precursors (C-MOCVD) or as a solution multimetal source (PLI-MOCVD). Structural characterization through X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses confirmed the formation of epitaxial BaMgF4 films on SrTiO3 substrates...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
E C Economou, S Marinelli, M C Smith, A A Routt, V V Kravets, H W Chu, K Spendier, Z J Celinski
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) and highly anisotropic barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) nanoparticles were coated with an anti-inflammatory drug and magnetically transported through mucus produced by primary human airway epithelial cells. Using wet planetary ball milling, dl-2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid-coated BaFe12O19 nano-particles (BaNPs) of 1-100 nm in diameter were prepared in water. BaNPs and conventional 20-30-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles (FeNPs) were then encased in a polymer (PLGA) loaded with dexamethasone (Dex) and tagged for imaging...
September 2016: BioNanoScience
Wa Than Lin, Yuichi Kitasako, Syozi Nakashima, Junji Tagami
This study aimed to evaluate the susceptibility of cut and uncut enamel surfaces to an erosive challenge and to examine the resultant characteristics/morphological changes. Ten extracted human incisors were used for preparation of enamel samples, and samples were immersed in citric acid. After 3 (total 3 min) and 6 cycles (total 6 min) of erosive challenges, surface loss (SL) and morphological changes were measured using scanning microscopy and FIB-TEM. Ca release (CA) and surface hardness (SH) were measured using a calcium-sensitive electrode and hardness tester respectively...
October 22, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
Zi Long, Meiying Liu, Ruming Jiang, Guangjiang Zeng, Qing Wan, Hongye Huang, Fengjie Deng, Yiqun Wan, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FNPs) have been extensively explored for fluorescence "turn-on" bio-imaging applications with the unique advantages over conventional FNPs. Transformation of AIE-active molecules into FNPs can greatly expand their biomedical application potential. Here we reported a novel "one-pot" strategy for fabricating AIE-active FNPs through an ultrasonic-assisted, catalysts-free and solvent-free Kabachnik-Fields (KF) reaction for the first time...
October 11, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Alexandre Cestari
INTRODUCTION: Amorphous aluminosilicates glasses containing fluorine, phosphorus and calcium are used as a component of the glass ionomer dental cement. This cement is used as a restorative, basis or filling material, but presents lower mechanical resistance than resin-modified materials. The Sol-Gel method is a possible route for preparation of glasses with lower temperature and energy consumption, with higher homogeneity and with uniform and nanometric particles, compared to the industrial methods Glass ionomer cements with uniform, homogeneous and nanometric particles can present higher mechanical resistance than commercial ionomers...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Kang Liao, Yili Chen, Menghe Wang, Penghao Guo, Qiwen Yang, Yuxing Ni, Yunsong Yu, Bijie Hu, Ziyong Sun, Wenxiang Huang, Yong Wang, Anhua Wu, Xianju Feng, Yanping Luo, Zhidong Hu, Yunzhuo Chu, Shulan Chen, Bin Cao, Jianrong Su, Bingdong Gui, Qiong Duan, Shufang Zhang, Haifeng Shao, Haishen Kong, Yingchun Xu
BACKGROUND: Recently, the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms such as extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae has raised considerable concern regarding the appropriate treatment of intra-abdominal infections (IAIs). In this study, we investigated the molecular characteristics of ESBL among clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae causing IAIs and their pattern of antimicrobial resistance, which can provide useful information about the epidemiology and risk factors associated with these infections...
October 7, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Ting Liu, Jiang Xue Dong, Shi Gang Liu, Na Li, Shu Min Lin, Yu Zhu Fan, Jing Lie Lei, Hong Qun Luo, Nian Bing Li
A stable silver nanoparticles/carbon quantum dots (Ag/CQDs) composite was prepared by using CQDs as reducing and stabilizing agent. The CQDs synthesized with polyethyleneimine (PEI) showed an extraordinary reducibility. When Hg(2+) was presented in the Ag/CQDs composite solution, a color change from yellow to colorless was observed, accompanied by a shift of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band and decrease in absorbance of the Ag/CQDs composite. On the basis of the further studies on TEM, XPS and XRD analysis, the possible mechanism is attributed to the formation of a silver-mercury amalgam...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Shirin Babaee, Ali Daneshfar, Tahere Khezeli
Magnetically separable layered double hydroxide Ni/CuAl-LDH nanocomposites were synthesized and employed as ultrasonic-assisted dispersive micro-solid phase extraction (UA-D-μSPE) sorbent to extract several carboxylic acids (namely propionic, butyric, pentanoic, hexanoic, heptanoic, octanoic, and decanoic) from non-alcoholic beer samples. Ni/CuAl-LDH sorbent was characterized by Fourier transform-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). Effective variables such as amount of sorbent (mg), pH and ionic strength of sample solution, volume of eluent solvent (μL), vortex, and ultrasonic times (min) were investigated via fractional factorial design (FFD)...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Ebrahim Alipanahpour Dil, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Arash Asfaram
The present research is focused on the synthesis and characterization of zinc (II) oxide nanorods loaded on activated carbon (ZnO-NRs-AC) to prepare an outstanding adsorbent for the simultaneous adsorption of heavy metals and dyes as hazardous pollutant using ultrasound energy. The adsorbent was identified by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The individual effects and possible interactions between the most effective variables including initial metal ions (Cd(2+) and Co(2+)) and azo dyes (methylene blue (MB) and crystal violet (CV)) concentration, adsorbent dosage and ultrasonic time on the responses were investigated by response surface methodology (RSM) and optimum conditions was fixed at Cd(2+), Co(2+), MB and CV concentrations were 25, 24, 18 and 14mgL(-1), respectively, 0...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Alberto Comazzi, Carlo Pirola, Mariangela Longhi, Claudia L M Bianchi, Kenneth S Suslick
The sonochemical synthesis of nanostructured materials owes its origins to the extreme conditions created during acoustic cavitation, i.e., the formation of localized hot spots in the core of collapsing bubbles in a liquid irradiated with high intensity ultrasound (US). In particular, in the present work a sonochemical synthesis has been investigated for the production of three different iron-based samples supported on SiO2 and loaded with different metals and promoters (10 %wt of Fe; 30 %wt of Fe; 30 %wt of Fe, 2 %wt of K and 3...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Guanshu Li, Hongbo Zhang, Chunsheng Wei, Yingying Huang, Xuekai Dou, Yidi Wang, Jun Wang, Youtao Song
(5.0%)Er(3+):Y3Al5O12/Pt-(TiO2-Ta2O5) powder, as a high effective sonocatalyst, was prepared using sol-gel and calcination method. Then it was characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). In order to evaluate the sonocatalytic activity of the prepared (5.0%)Er(3+):Y3Al5O12/Pt-(TiO2-Ta2O5) powder, the sonocatalytic decomposition of ametryn was studied. In addition, some influencing factors such as different Ti/Ta molar ratios on the sonocatalytic activity of the prepared (5...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Ozkan Acisli, Alireza Khataee, Semra Karaca, Atefeh Karimi, Ercan Dogan
High energy planetary ball milling process was used to prepare magnetite nanostructures from natural magnetite. The natural and ball-milled magnetite samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results of EDX indicated the presence of main elements including Fe and O in the structure of both unmodified and milled magnetite samples...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
R Rohaizu, W D Wanrosli
Highly stable and dispersible nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was successfully isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch microcrystalline cellulose (OPEFB-MCC), with yields of 93% via a sono-assisted TEMPO-oxidation and a subsequent sonication process. The sono-assisted treatment has a remarkable effect, resulting in an increase of more than 100% in the carboxylate content and a significant increase of approximately 39% in yield compared with the non-assisted process. TEM images reveal the OPEFB-NCC to have rod-like crystalline morphology with an average length and width of 122 and 6nm, respectively...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Thi Tram Chau Nguyen, Cuu Khoa Nguyen, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Ngoc Quyen Tran
In the study, four kinds of pluronics (P123, F68, F127 and F108) with varying hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) values were modified and conjugated on 4th generation of polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM). The obtained results from FT-IR, (1)H NMR and GPC showed that the pluronics effectively conjugated on the dendrimer. The molecular weight of four PAMAM G4.0-Pluronics and its morphologies are in range of 200.15-377.14kDa and around 60-180nm in diameter by TEM, respectively. Loading efficiency and release of hydrophobic fluorouracil (5-FU) anticancer drug were evaluated by HPLC; Interesting that the dendrimer nanocarrier was conjugated with the highly lipophilic pluronic P123 (G4...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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