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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924703/markers-of-renal-function-in-older-adults-completing-a-higher-protein-obesity-intervention-and-one-year-later-findings-from-the-measur-up-trial
#1
Kathryn N Porter Starr, Shelley R McDonald, Aubrey Jarman, Melissa Orenduff, Richard Sloane, Carl F Pieper, Connie W Bales
Increases in rates of obesity in the older population are hastening the development of chronic illnesses, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, obesity reduction in older adults is besought with concerns about the long-term benefit/risk, especially regarding loss of muscle mass and its impact on function. Higher protein intakes have been advocated to help offset the tendency for loss of muscle during weight reduction but this raises concerns about possible negative effects on older kidneys. We assessed markers of renal function in venous blood samples collected during a six-month randomized controlled weight loss trial of higher protein intake in obese (n = 67; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) older (≥60 years) adults with physical frailty and age-normal renal status (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≥ 45); the Control diet (0...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921223/from-debulking-to-delivery-sequential-use-of-rotational-atherectomy-and-guidezilla%C3%A2-for-complex-saphenous-vein-grafts-intervention
#2
Mariano Pellicano, Vincent Floré, Emanuele Barbato, Bernard De Bruyne
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of old calcified saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is challenging and is associated with a considerably high risk of adverse ischemic events in the short- and long-term as compared to native coronary arteries. We report a case in which a non-dilatable, calcified SVG lesion is successfully treated with rotational atherectomy followed by PCI and stenting with local stent delivery (LSD) technique using the Guidezilla™ guide extension catheter (5-in-6 Fr) in the "child-in-mother" fashion...
June 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920437/commonly-available-hematological-biomarkers-are-associated-with-the-extent-of-coronary-calcifications
#3
Annemarie M den Harder, Pim A de Jong, Mark C H de Groot, Jelmer M Wolterink, Ricardo P J Budde, Ivana Iŝgum, Wouter W van Solinge, Maarten J Ten Berg, Esther Lutgens, Wouter B Veldhuis, Saskia Haitjema, Imo E Hoefer, Tim Leiner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to improve the understanding of potential associations between commonly available hematological biomarkers and the coronary artery calcification (CAC) score, which may help unravel the pathophysiology of coronary calcifications and subclinical coronary artery disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed within the Utrecht Patient Oriented Database (UPOD). Patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease who underwent CT CAC scoring as well as standard hematology analysis that was part of routine clinical care (within 3 months of CT acquisition) were included...
June 12, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917152/glomerular-filtration-rate-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-undergoing-stem-cell-transplantation-and-treated-with-cyclophosphamide
#4
Alejandro Ruiz-Argüelles, Jose M Gastélum-Cano, Mariana A Méndez-Huerta, Alma B Rodríguez-Gallegos, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
Background: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is partially impaired in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). When given chemotherapy before receiving hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, GFR might be further deteriorated. Objective: To measure the effect of cyclophosphamide on GFR in patients with MS who undergo chemotherapy. Methods: We estimated GFR based on creatinine and cystatin C plasma concentrations in patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation to treat their MS...
June 15, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914534/efficacy-of-low-protein-diet-for-diabetic-nephropathy-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Huan-Gao Zhu, Zhao-Shun Jiang, Pi-Yun Gong, Dong-Mei Zhang, Zhi-Wei Zou, Qian-Zhang, Hui-Mei Ma, Zhen-Gang Guo, Jun-Yu Zhao, Jian-Jun Dong, Lin-Liao
BACKGROUND: A low-protein diet (LPD) is believed to be beneficial in slowing the progression of kidney disease. It is reported that low protein diet can improve protein, sugar and lipid metabolism, and reduce the symptoms and complications of renal insufficiency. However, there has been controversial regarding the effects of protein restriction on diabetic nephropathy (DN). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of LPD on renal function in patients with type 1 or 2 DN by meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
June 19, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914255/serum-vasohibin-1-and-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2-levels-in-children-with-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Nuran Çetin, Nadide Melike Sav
Background/aim: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is one of the most important health problems worldwide, could be considered as an immune inflammatory disease. A prognostic biomarker may be helpful in determining the progression of CKD in children. We aimed to investigate the serum vasohibin-1 and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (sST2) levels as potential biomarkers in children with predialysis CKD. Materials and methods: Forty-seven children with stage 2-4 CKD and 20 healthy controls were included in this cross-sectional study...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909116/altered-microrna-regulation-of-short-chain-fatty-acid-receptors-in-the-hypertensive-kidney-is-normalized-with-hydrogen-sulfide-supplementation
#7
Gregory J Weber, Jaleyea Foster, Sathnur B Pushpakumar, Utpal Sen
Hypertension affects nearly one third of the adult US population and is a significant risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). An expanding body of recent studies indicates that gut microbiome has crucial roles in regulating physiological processes through, among other mechanisms, one mode of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and their target receptors. In addition, these SCFA receptors are potential targets of regulation by host miRNAs, however, the mechanisms through which this occurs is not clearly defined...
June 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903900/soluble-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-in-black-americans-with-ckd
#8
Shengyuan Luo, Josef Coresh, Adrienne Tin, Casey M Rebholz, Teresa K Chen, Salim S Hayek, Melissa Tracy, Michael S Lipkowitz, Lawrence J Appel, Andrew S Levey, Lesley A Inker, Jochen Reiser, Morgan Erika Grams
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Black Americans with and without APOL1 kidney disease risk variants face high risk of ESKD. Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), a circulating signaling protein and marker of immune activation, constitutes a promising biomarker of CKD-associated risks. We aimed to quantify the associations between serum suPAR concentration and adverse outcomes in Black Americans with and without APOL1 kidney disease risk variants, over and above iodine-125 iothalamate measured GFR and proteinuria...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897288/intermittent-hypoxia-exacerbates-increased-blood-pressure-in-rats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Jennifer L Riggs, Carolyn E Pace, Heather H Ward, Laura V Gonzalez Bosc, Lynnette Rios, Adleaeda Barrera, Nancy L Kanagy
Kidney injury and sleep apnea (SA) are independent risk factors for hypertension. Exposing rats to intermittent hypoxia (IH) to simulate SA increases blood pressure while adenine feeding causes persistent kidney damage to model chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that exposing CKD rats to IH would exacerbate the development of hypertension and renal failure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a 0.2% adenine or control diet until blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was > 120 mg/dL in adenine fed rats (14 {plus minus} 4 days)...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896798/renal-effects-of-norepinephrine-induced-variations-in-mean-arterial-pressure-after-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#10
J Skytte Larsson, G Bragadottir, B Redfors, S-E Ricksten
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury is commonly seen after liver transplantation. The optimal perioperative target mean arterial pressure (MAP) for renal filtration, perfusion and oxygenation in liver recipients is not known. The effects of norepinephrine-induced changes in MAP on renal blood flow (RBF), oxygen delivery (RDO2 ), glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal oxygenation (=renal oxygen extraction, RO2 Ex) were therefore studied early after liver transplantation. METHODS: Ten patients with an intra- and post-operative vasopressor-dependent systemic vasodilation were studied early after liver transplantation during sedation and mechanical ventilation...
June 12, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894673/-prevention-of-periprocedural-kidney-ingury-by-loading-doses-of-statins-in-elective-percutaneous-%C3%B1-oronary-interventions
#11
E O Vershinina, A N Repin, M S Timofeev, V V Udut
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the effect of loading doses of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on the value of the acute kidney injury and acute inflammatory response to elective percutaneous coronary interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open prospective comparative study included 68 patients referred for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). At baseline, all patients had been taking statins for a long time as a standard lipid-lowering therapy. The first group included 33 patients who received a loading dose of 80 mg of atorvastatin (As) 12 hours before the intervention with saving this dose for 2-6 days...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887227/time-varying-coefficient-of-determination-to-quantify-the-explanatory-power-of-biomarkers-on-longitudinal-gfr-among-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Derek K Ng, Anthony A Portale, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Alvaro Muñoz
PURPOSE: Coefficients of determination (R2 ) for continuous longitudinal data are typically reported as time constant, if they are reported at all. The widely used mixed model with random intercepts and slopes yields the total outcome variance as a time-varying function. We propose a generalized and intuitive approach based on this variance function to estimate the time-varying predictive power (R2 ) of a variable on outcome levels and changes. METHODS: Using longitudinal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children Study, linear mixed models characterized the R2 for two chronic kidney disease (CKD) risk factors measured at baseline: a traditional marker (proteinuria) and a novel marker (fibroblast growth factor 23 [FGF23])...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883532/innovative-use-of-novel-biomarkers-to-improve-the-safety-of-renally-eliminated-and-nephrotoxic-medications
#13
Erin F Barreto, Andrew D Rule, Stacy A Voils, Sandra L Kane-Gill
Over the last decade, the discovery and research into the application of novel renal biomarkers to improve medication efficacy and safety has expanded considerably. Pharmacists are uniquely positioned to leverage this new technology for renal assessment to improve medication dosing and monitoring. Serum cystatin C is a relatively new, inexpensive, functional renal biomarker that responds more quickly to changing renal function than creatinine and is not meaningfully affected by age, sex, skeletal muscle mass, dietary intake, or deconditioning...
June 8, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880972/the-impact-of-albumin-use-on-resolution-of-hyponatremia-in-hospitalized-patients-with-cirrhosis
#14
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Puneeta Tandon, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Scott W Biggins, Florence Wong, Patrick S Kamath, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Benedict Maliakkal, Jennifer C Lai, Michael Fallon, Paul Thuluvath, Hugo E Vargas, Ram M Subramanian, Leroy R Thacker, K Rajender Reddy
OBJECTIVES: Hyponatremia is associated with poor outcomes in cirrhosis independent of MELD. While intravenous albumin has been used in small series, its role in hyponatremia is unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of albumin therapy on hyponatremia. METHODS: Hospitalized cirrhotic patients included in the NACSELD (North American Consortium for End-Stage Liver Disease) cohort with hyponatremia (Na <130mmol/L) were divided into those receiving intravenous albumin or not...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879071/long-term-outcomes-of-kidney-and-bladder-function-in-patients-with-a-posterior-urethral-valve
#15
Sung Jin Kim, Jaeyoon Jung, Chanwoo Lee, Sejun Park, Sang Hoon Song, Hye-Sung Won, Kun Suk Kim
We investigated long-term functional changes in the kidney and bladder of patients with posterior urethral valve (PUV) who underwent fetal intervention or postnatal surgery.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 28 consecutive patients treated for PUV at our institution. Detailed data on medical and surgical histories, particularly on pre- and postnatal treatment modality, including fetal vesicoamniotic shunt, endoscopic valve ablation, and vesicostomy, were collected and analyzed. Long-term renal function was evaluated based on serum levels of creatinine (sCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and renal scans...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876358/blood-pressure-and-renal-responses-to-orthostatic-stress-before-and-after-radiofrequency-renal-denervation-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#16
Yann Vuignier, Eric Grouzmann, Olivier Muller, Nima Vakilzadeh, Mohamed Faouzi, Marc P Maillard, Salah D Qanadli, Michel Burnier, Grégoire Wuerzner
Background/Aims: In patients with resistant hypertension, renal denervation (RDN) studies have mainly focused their outcomes on blood pressure (BP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of RDN on neurohormonal profiles, renal hemodynamics and sodium excretion in a resting state and during stress induced by lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Materials and methods: This was a single center prospective observational study. Norepinephrine, plasma renin activity (PRA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and sodium excretion were measured in unstimulated conditions (rest) and after one hour of LBNP at three different time points: before (M0), one (M1) and twelve months (M12) after RDN...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873513/sodium-intake-but-not-renal-nerves-attenuates-renal-venous-pressure-induced-changes-in-renal-hemodynamics-in-rats
#17
Xiaohua Huang, Shereen M Hamza, Wenqing Zhuang, William A Cupples, Branko Braam
Increased central venous pressure and renal venous pressure (RVP) is associated with worsening of renal function in acute exacerbation of congestive heart failure. We tested whether an acute, isolated elevation of RVP in one kidney leads to ipsilateral renal vasoconstriction and decreased GFR and whether this depends on dietary salt intake or activation of renal nerves. Male Lewis rats received a normal (1% NaCl, NS) or high salt diet (6% NaCl, HS) for {greater than or equal to}14 days before the acute experiment...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872033/co-presentation-of-giant-cell-arteritis-and-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Haitham H Hassane, Mirza M Beg, Chokkalingam Siva, Celso Velázquez
BACKGROUND Systemic vasculitis can present with a multitude of symptoms involving multiple organ systems. Clinicians should avoid anchoring bias and be cognizant that different types of vasculitides can be present in the same patient and that the diagnosis of one should not preclude the subsequent diagnosis of another. CASE REPORT A 67-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of episodes of epistaxis and recurrent severe sinusitis. Her physical examination showed nasal congestion and purpuric rash on the lower extremities...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864984/renal-function-estimations-and-dose-recommendations-for-gabapentin-ibuprofen-and-morphine-in-acute-hip-fracture-patients
#19
M B Houlind, C Treldal, M Aakjær, H Palm, B Malmquist, O Andersen, L L Christrup, K K Petersen
Aims Optimization of pain management is essential for fasttrack surgery and safety in acute hip fracture (AHF) patients. Kidney function determines the doses of several postoperative painkillers, but previous studies have shown the standard Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation overestimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in elderly and underweight patients. The optimized Cockcroft Gault (CGop) equation might be more accurate in this patient group. The study aims to (1) investigate the differences in estimated GFR (eGFR) based on CKD-EPI and CGop and (2) to simulate this impact on recommended dosing of standard painkillers in AHF patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862077/estimating-renal-function-in-the-elderly-malaysian-patients-attending-medical-outpatient-clinic-a-comparison-between-creatinine-based-and-cystatin-c-based-equations
#20
Maisarah Jalalonmuhali, Salma Mohamed Abouzriba Elagel, Maw Pin Tan, Soo Kun Lim, Kok Peng Ng
Background: To assess the performance of different GFR estimating equations, test the diagnostic value of serum cystatin-C, and compare the applicability of cystatin-C based equation with serum creatinine based equation for estimating GFR (eGFR) in comparison with measured GFR in the elderly Malaysian patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study recruiting volunteered patients 65 years and older attending medical outpatient clinic. 51 chromium EDTA (51 Cr-EDTA) was used as measured GFR...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology
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