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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811907/factors-associated-with-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-the-viral-origin-diseases-in-office-based-practices-2006-2012
#1
Sara Imanpour, Obioma Nwaiwu, Darcy K McMaughan, Bethany DeSalvo, Adnan Bashir
OBJECTIVE: To test the potential association between time spent with a doctor and antibiotic overprescriptions in case of the common cold, runny nose, bronchitis, chest colds, flu, sore throats, and fluid in the middle ear. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Office-based physicians in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 261,623 patient visits recorded to office-based physicians in the US. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The interest outcome was unnecessary antibiotic prescription...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810456/components-of-preoperative-anxiety-a-qualitative-study
#2
Amy King, Jim Bartley, Deborah L Johanson, Elizabeth Broadbent
Limited research has explored preoperative anxiety through qualitative methodologies. This study aimed to identify specific factors that contribute to preoperative anxiety. A total of 17 patients awaiting general, plastic reconstructive and hand, orthopaedic, or ear, nose, and throat/otorhinolaryngology surgery were interviewed about their concerns in a public hospital. Thematic analysis identified five main sources of anxiety: surgical procedures, surgical complications, symptoms, recovery process, and organisation and delivery of care...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805238/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-contents-in-children-undergoing-elective-ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
F-P Desgranges, A-C Gagey Riegel, C Aubergy, M de Queiroz Siqueira, D Chassard, L Bouvet
Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum allows reliable assessment of gastric contents and volume. Postoperative assessment of gastric contents before recovery from anaesthesia could help the physician to choose the most appropriate extubation technique after surgery in children. In this prospective observational study, we assessed whether significant changes occurred in gastric contents during the intra-operative period in children undergoing elective ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery. Children aged between six months and 16 years were recruited consecutively...
August 14, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#4
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#5
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774844/assessing-old-and-new-diagnostic-tests-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
Michael F Vaezi, Daniel Sifrim
A detailed critique of objective measurements of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) would improve management of patients suspecting of having reflux, leading to rational selection of treatment and better outcomes. Many diagnostic tests for GERD have been developed over the past decades. We analyze their development, positive- and negative-predictive values, and ability to predict response to treatment. These features are important for development of medical, surgical, and endoscopic therapies for GERD. We discuss the value of available diagnostic tests and review their role in management of patients with persistent reflux symptoms despite adequate medical or surgical treatment...
July 31, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764159/otomycosis-in-a-rural-community-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-assessment-of-risk-factors-and-identification-of-fungal-and-bacterial-agents
#7
Priti Agarwal, Leimapokpam Sumitra Devi
INTRODUCTION: Otomycosis is one of the frequently encountered fungal infections of external auditory canal, commonly seen in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Various host (local, systemic) and environmental factors can predispose a person to otomycosis. Although clinical presentations along with otoscopic findings of the patients are well suggestive of fungal infection, proper identification of causative agents is mandatory in order to prevent recurrences and complications...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762075/incidence-and-5-year-survival-rate-for-head-and-neck-cancers-in-grenada-compared-to-the-african-american-population-over-the-period-1991-2010
#8
Maira du Plessis, Robert Hage
Very little data exist on the incidence and burden of cancer in the individual Caribbean countries. Some data are available for larger areas, reported under a bigger geographical region; Latin America and the Caribbean, but many of the individual countries are not included. One of the main reasons is a lack of official cancer registries. Data are usually collected from hospital records or private physician records, and since it is not in an official registry, these data are not always accessible for inclusion in databases such as SEER and GLOBOCAN...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740272/the-modification-of-rotation-advancement-flap-made-in-1950
#9
Predrag Knežević, Marko Vuletić, Igor Blivajs, Emil Dediol, Darko Macan, Mišo Virag
The early techniques of cleft lip repair involved the straight-line technique, the triangular flap technique or some kind of geometric line (triangular, quadrangular closure). A turning point in cleft lip surgery was in 1955 when doctor. Millard presented his method: the rotation-advancement technique or flap, at the First International Congress of Plastic Surgery in Stockholm. Today, the technique, with or without some modifications, is used by more than 85% of cleft surgeons around the world. We are presenting a patient with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate who underwent surgery sixty-five years ago...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737067/confirmed-and-suspected-foreign-body-injuries-in-children-during-2008-2013-a-hospital-based-single-center-study-in-oulu-university-hospital
#10
J-J Sinikumpu, W Serlo
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body injuries are common in children. Most of them are not serious but they can be fatal. A suspected foreign body injury in a child results in a high rate of hospitalizations, exposure to radiation, and need for intervention. This study aimed to analyze the current epidemiology of in-hospital or out of hospital treated foreign object injuries and suspected foreign body injuries in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All children <16 years of age (N = 152) who suffered or were suspected to suffer (N = 63) from a foreign body injury and were treated in a pediatric trauma unit of Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland, over a 6-year study period (2008-2013) were included...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736916/hyaluronate-effect-on-bacterial-biofilm-in-ent-district-infections-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Margherita Tofanelli, Francesca Boscolo Nata, Annalisa Gatto, Giancarlo Tirelli
Bacterial resistance is a growing phenomenon which led the scientific community to search for new therapeutic targets, such as biofilm. A bacterial biofilm is a surface-associated agglomerate of microorganisms embedded in a self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix made of polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and proteins. Scientific literature offers several reports on a biofilm's role in infections regarding various body districts. The presence of a bacterial biofilm is responsible for poor efficacy of antibiotic therapies along with bacterial infections in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) districts such as the oral cavity, ear, nasal cavities, and nasal sinuses...
September 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731842/role-of-pepsin-and-oropharyngeal-ph-monitoring-to-assess-the-postoperative-outcome-of-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-results-of-a-pilot-trial
#12
Michael Weitzendorfer, Richard Pfandner, Stavros A Antoniou, Werner Langsteger, Kai Witzel, Klaus Emmanuel, Oliver O Koch
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of salivary pepsin and oropharyngeal pH-monitoring to assess the surgical outcome of patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with LPR despite proton pump inhibitor treatment received laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Twenty-four hour esophageal pH-monitoring (multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring [MII]-pH) and esophageal manometry (high-resolution manometry) data were documented preoperatively and at 3-month follow-up...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716168/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-house-dust-mite-extract-for-allergic-rhinitis
#13
Yu Guo, Yanqing Li, Dehui Wang, Quan Liu, Zhuofu Liu, Li Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with house-dust mite (HDM) extract in Chinese patients with HDM-induced allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was conducted with the outpatients of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital, Fudan University. Forty-eight patients were eligible for randomization to SLIT with a mixture of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae extract or placebo for 1 year...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710538/-manifestations-of-autoimmune-disorders-in-otorhinolaryngology-classical-symptoms-and-diagnostic-approach
#14
B Hofauer, A Chaker, K Thürmel, A Knopf
Manifestations of autoimmune disorders represent a diagnostic challenge. Many autoimmune disorders show typical manifestations in the ear, nose and throat and should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis. Sjogren's syndrome, various vasculitides and sarcoidosis represent the most common autoimmune disorders in otorhinolaryngology, but IgG4-related diseases, relapsing polychondritis and autoimmune disorders of the mucosa are also observed. Autoimmune diseases can lead to sensorineural deficits...
August 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707034/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-nd-yag-laser-photocoagulation-and-bipolar-electrocautery-in-the-management-of-epistaxis
#15
Jing Zhang, Luhong Cao, Chunsheng Wei
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and degree of comfort of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation compared to bipolar electrocautery in the management of epistaxis. Seventy-two consecutive patients with a history of epistaxis were randomly assigned to receive treatment in an outpatient setting consisting of either bipolar electrocautery (group 1) or Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation (group 2). The study was conducted in university-affiliated teaching hospital. Seventy-two consecutive patients who suffered from anterior epistaxis and presented to the Otolaryngology Department at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, between June 2015 and August 2015...
July 13, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696159/quality-of-reporting-of-otorhinolaryngology-articles-using-animal-models-with-the-arrive-statement
#16
Aren Bezdjian, Sjaak F L Klis, Jeroen P M Peters, Wilko Grolman, Inge Stegeman
Research involving animal models is crucial for the advancement of science, provided that experiments are designed, performed, interpreted, and reported well. In order to investigate the quality of reporting of articles in otorhinolaryngology research using animal models, a PubMed database search was conducted to retrieve eligible articles. The checklist of the ARRIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines was used to assess the quality of reporting of articles published in ear, nose and throat (ENT) and multidisciplinary journals...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694371/ear-nose-and-throat-diseases-of-the-dog-and-cat
#17
Aidan B McAlinden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688570/congenital-nasal-obstruction-in-infants-a-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Vijay A Patel, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVES: To identify etiologies of congenital nasal obstruction and describe clinical practice patterns in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of symptomatic infants. METHODS: An electronic chart review from 1/1/2006-10/1/2016 for all patients with a diagnosis of nasal obstruction within the first six months of life using ICD-9 and 10 codes 478.19 and J34.89. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were evaluated by the Division of Otolaryngology for this chief complaint...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687685/sternoclavicular-joint-osteophytosis-a-difficult-diagnosis-to-swallow
#19
James Ritchie Gill, David I Morrissey, Lee Van Rensburg, Graham Tytherleigh-Strong
Unexplained dysphagia requires prompt investigation to rule out a possible underlying malignancy. We describe the case of a 60-year-old man who presented to his family practitioner with a 1-year history of increasing dysphagia with associated pain over the front of his chest. He was referred on to an ear, nose and throat specialist where no obvious laryngeal pathology was found at direct laryngoscopy, but an 'indentation' of the right anterior larynx, which increased with external pressure on the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), was noted...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676593/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cancers-a-case-control-study
#20
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Nahal Habibi, Ahmadreza Dorosty-Motlagh, Hashem Yavari, Arvin Kashani, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for permanent active and healthy life. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancers (esophagus and stomach) are one of five most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to determine the association of food insecurity and upper GI cancers in newly diagnosed patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Overall, 120 patients with upper GI cancers as cases and 120 patients with orthopedic, ear-nose-throat (ENT), and neurologic diseases as controls were recruited from Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2013...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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