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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348414/microrna-146a-5p-attenuates-irradiation-induced-and-lps-induced-hepatic-stellate-cell-activation-and-hepatocyte-apoptosis-through-inhibition-of-tlr4-pathway
#1
Yuhan Chen, Zhifeng Wu, Baoying Yuan, Yinying Dong, Li Zhang, Zhaochong Zeng
Elevated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression is associated with a high risk of radiation-induced liver disease (RILD). MicroRNA (miR)-146a-5p is a key regulator of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/TLR4 signaling, but its role in modulation of RILD remains unclear. Here, we found that irradiation and LPS stimulation induced TLR4 and miR-146a-5p expression in the human hepatic stellate cell (HSC) line LX2. Ectopic expression of miR-146a-5p in LX2 inhibited irradiation-induced and LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and cell proliferation, and promoted cell apoptosis by down-regulating the expression levels of TLR4, interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 1 (IRAK1), tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B...
January 18, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347950/the-microrna-15a-pai-2-axis-in-cholangiocarcinoma-associated-fibroblasts-promotes-migration-of-cancer-cells
#2
Penkhae Utaijaratrasmi, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Takaaki Tsunematsu, Pranisa Jamjantra, Sopit Wongkham, Chawalit Pairojkul, Narong Khuntikeo, Naozumi Ishimaru, Yongyut Sirivatanauksorn, Ananya Pongpaibul, Peti Thuwajit, Chanitra Thuwajit, Yasusei Kudo
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has an abundance of tumor stroma which plays an important role in cancer progression via tumor-promoting signals. This study aims to explore the microRNA (miRNA) profile of CCA-associated fibroblasts (CCFs) and the roles of any identified miRNAs in CCA progression. METHODS: miRNA expression profiles of CCFs and normal skin fibroblasts were compared by microarray. Identified downregulated miRNAs and their target genes were confirmed by real-time PCR...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347945/microrna-transcriptome-analysis-of-porcine-vital-organ-responses-to-immunosuppressive-porcine-cytomegalovirus-infection
#3
Xiao Liu, Haoche Wei, Shan Liao, Jianheng Ye, Ling Zhu, Zhiwen Xu
BACKGROUND: Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) is an immunosuppressive virus that mainly inhibits T-lymphocyte and macrophage immune functions; it has significantly damaged the farming industry. Although recent studies have shown that miRNAs play important roles in immune responses, the regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs during immunosuppressive virus infection remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, porcine small-RNA transcriptomes of PCMV-infected and uninfected vital organs were first characterised by high-throughput sequencing...
January 18, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346554/functional-roles-of-sex-biased-growth-hormone-regulated-micrornas-mir-1948-and-mir-802-in-young-adult-mouse-liver
#4
Pengying Hao, David J Waxman
Sex-specific temporal patterns of pituitary GH secretion determine the sex-biased transcription of hundreds of genes in the liver and impart significant sex differences in liver physiology, metabolism and disease. Sex differences in hepatic gene expression vary widely, ranging from <2-fold to >1,000-fold in the mouse. Here, we use small RNA sequencing to discover 24 sex-biased mouse liver miRNAs, and then investigate the roles of two of these miRNAs in GH-regulated liver sex differences. Studies in pre-pubertal and young adult mice, and in mice where pituitary hormones are ablated or where sex-specific hepatic GH signaling is dysregulated, demonstrated that the male-biased miR-1948 and the female-biased miR-802 are both regulated by sex-specific pituitary GH secretory patterns, acquire sex specificity at puberty, and are dependent on the GH-activated transcription factor STAT5 for their sex-specific expression...
January 16, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337905/the-role-of-mirnas-in-the-pathophysiology-of-liver-diseases-and-toxicity
#5
REVIEW
Florian Schueller, Sanchari Roy, Mihael Vucur, Christian Trautwein, Tom Luedde, Christoph Roderburg
Both acute and chronic liver toxicity represents a major global health burden and an important cause of morbidity and lethality worldwide. Despite epochal progress in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infections, pharmacological treatment strategies for most liver diseases are still limited and new targets for prevention or treatment of liver disease are urgently needed. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a new class of highly conserved small non-coding RNAs that are involved in the regulation of gene expression by targeting whole networks of so called "targets"...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333940/expression-analysis-of-liver-specific-circulating-micrornas-in-hcv-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-egyptian-patients
#6
Lobna Mourad, Eman El-Ahwany, Mona Zoheiry, Hoda Abu-Taleb, Marwa Hassan, Amged Ouf, Ali Abdel Rahim, Moataz Hassan, Suher Zada
OBJECTIVES: Due to the absence of reliable and accurate biomarkers for the early detection of liver malignancy, circulating microRNAs have recently emerged as great candidates for prompt cancer identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the potential of liver-specific circulating microRNAs as an accurate non-invasive diagnostic tool for early diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODOLOGY: A total of 165 patients were enrolled in this study and categorized into four main groups: 42 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without cirrhosis, 45 CHC with cirrhosis (LC), 38 HCC with HCV patients, and 40 healthy controls...
January 15, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328457/microrna%C3%A2-34a-inhibits-liver-cancer-cell-growth-by-reprogramming-glucose-metabolism
#7
Hai-Feng Zhang, Yi-Cheng Wang, Yi-Di Han
MicroRNAs (miRs) have been proposed as minimally invasive prognostic markers for various types of cancer, including liver cancer, which is one of the most common cancers worldwide. In the present study, the expression of miR‑34a in human liver cancer tissues and cell lines was evaluated and the effects of miR‑34a on cell proliferation, invasion and glycolysis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells were determined. The results indicated that miR‑34a was downregulated in human liver cancer tissues. Overexpression of miR‑34a significantly inhibited liver cancer cell proliferation and clone formation...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328399/mir%C3%A2-378a-enhances-the-sensitivity-of-liver-cancer-to-sorafenib-by-targeting-vegfr-pdgfr%C3%AE-and-c%C3%A2-raf
#8
Hongxia Fu, Jicai Zhang, Tongshan Pan, Shuying Ai, Li Tang, Fengqin Wang
Liver cancer is a globally prevalent cancer with poor prognosis. The present study investigated the link between microRNA-378a (miR‑378a) expression and the sensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatoblastoma (HB) cancers to sorafenib therapy. miR‑378a expression was determined in liver tissue samples from healthy candidates and patients with liver cancer using the reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The antitumor effects of miR‑378a alone and in combination with sorafenib were investigated in the HB cell line HepG2 and the HCC cell line SMMC‑7721 with methyl thiazoyl tetrazolium, colony formation, flow cytometry and Transwell migration assays...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328362/microrna-493-5p-promotes-apoptosis-and-suppresses-proliferation-and-invasion-in-liver-cancer-cells-by-targeting-vamp2
#9
Guannan Wang, Xiaosan Fang, Meng Han, Xiaoming Wang, Qiang Huang
The aim of the present study was to explore the role of miR‑493-5p in liver cancer tissues and cell lines, and its effect on cell behavioral characteristics. The expression of miR-493-5p was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in liver cancer tissues and cell lines (hepatic cell line HL-7702 and the liver cancer cell lines HCCC-9810, HuH-7 and HepG2). In addition, the mechanism by which miR-493-5p mediates its effects was analyzed via the transfection of miR-493-5p mimic and negative control miRNA into HepG2 cells...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324753/microrna-signatures-of-endogenous-huntingtin-cag-repeat-expansion-in-mice
#10
Peter Langfelder, Fuying Gao, Nan Wang, David Howland, Seung Kwak, Thomas F Vogt, Jeffrey S Aaronson, Jim Rosinski, Giovanni Coppola, Steve Horvath, X William Yang
In Huntington's disease (HD) patients and in model organisms, messenger RNA transcriptome has been extensively studied; in contrast, comparatively little is known about expression and potential role of microRNAs. Using RNA-sequencing, we have quantified microRNA expression in four brain regions and liver, at three different ages, from an allelic series of HD model mice with increasing CAG length in the endogenous Huntingtin gene. Our analyses reveal CAG length-dependent microRNA expression changes in brain, with 159 microRNAs selectively altered in striatum, 102 in cerebellum, 51 in hippocampus, and 45 in cortex...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322790/integrated-network-analysis-to-identify-the-key-genes-transcription-factors-and-micrornas-involved-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
S Q Shi, J-J Ke, Q S Xu, W Q Wu, Y Y Wan
HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma), which can be induced by cirrhosis and viral hepatitis infection, is the most frequent form of liver cancer. This study is performed to investigate the mechanisms of HCC. GSE57957 was obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 39 HCC samples and 39 adjacent non-tumorous samples. The DEGs (differentially expressed genes) were screened using the limma package in R, and then were conducted with enrichment analysis using "BioCloud" platform. Using STRING database, WebGestalt tool, as well as ITFP and TRANSFAC databases, PPI (protein-protein interaction) pairs, miRNA (microRNA)-target pairs, and TF (transcription factor)-target pairs separately were predicted...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321644/cox-2-induces-oncogenic-micro-rna-mir655-in-human-breast-cancer
#12
Mousumi Majumder, Leanna Dunn, Ling Liu, Asma Hasan, Krista Vincent, Muriel Brackstone, David Hess, Peeyush K Lala
We show that Cyclooxygenase-2 over-expression induces an oncogenic microRNA miR655 in human breast cancer cells by activation of EP4. MiR655 expression positively correlated with COX-2 in genetically disparate breast cancer cell lines and increased in all cell lines when grown as spheroids, implicating its link with stem-like cells (SLCs). Ectopic miR655 over-expression in MCF7 and SKBR3 cells resulted in increased proliferation, migration, invasion, spheroid formation and Epithelial to Masenchymal transition (EMT)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321595/microrna-7-mediates-cross-talk-between-metabolic-signaling-pathways-in-the-liver
#13
Ragunath Singaravelu, Curtis Quan, Megan H Powdrill, Tyler A Shaw, Prashanth Srinivasan, Rodney K Lyn, Rhea C Alonzi, Daniel M Jones, Roxana Filip, Rodney S Russell, John P Pezacki
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators of cellular metabolism. To characterise miRNAs crucial to the maintenance of hepatic lipid homeostasis, we examined the overlap between the miRNA signature associated with inhibition of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) signaling, a pathway regulating fatty acid metabolism, and the miRNA profile associated with 25-hydroxycholesterol treatment, an oxysterol regulator of sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) and liver X receptor (LXR) signaling...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321333/microrna-130a-regulates-both-hcv-and-hbv-replication-through-a-central-metabolic-pathway
#14
Xiaoqiong Duan, Shilin Li, Jacinta A Holmes, Zeng Tu, Yujia Li, Dachuan Cai, Xiao Liu, Wenting Li, Chunhui Yang, Baihai Jiao, Esperance A Schaefer, Dahlene N Fusco, Shadi Salloum, Limin Chen, Wenyu Lin, Raymond T Chung
BACKGROUND: HCV infection has been shown to regulate miR-130a in patient biopsies and in cultured cells. We sought to identify miR-130a target genes and to explore the mechanisms by which miR-130a regulates HCV and HBV replication.METHODS: We used bioinformatics software including miRanda, TargetScan, PITA and RNAhybrid to predict potential miR-130a target genes. miR-130a and its target genes were overexpressed, or knocked down by siRNA or by CRISPR/Cas9 gRNA, respectively. Selected gene mRNAs and their proteins, together with HCV replication in OR6 cells, JFH1 HCV-infected Huh7...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321083/microrna-338-3p-suppresses-proliferation-of-human-liver-cancer-cells-by-targeting-sphk2
#15
Geqiong Xiao, Qiong Wang, Bo Li, Xiaohui Wu, Hui Liao, Yili Ren, Ning Ai
It has been recently revealed that there is abnormal expression of miRNA in various tumors. Despite the fact that microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) can play an important role in many kinds of tumors, whether it has an influence on liver cancer (LC) is undetermined. In this study, we found that the expression of miR-338-3p was decreased in LC cells as well as tissues. Clone formation and cell proliferation are suppressed by enhanced expression of miR-338-3p in LC cells. Moreover, we found that miR-338-3p targeted Sphingosine Kinase 2 (SphK2)...
January 10, 2018: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319182/long-noncoding-rna-casc2-regulates-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-oncogenesis-through-mir-362-5p-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-axis
#16
Liang Zhao, Yongjian Zhang, Yubao Zhang
The long non-coding RNA segment cancer susceptibility candidate 2 (CASC2) has been shown to suppress tumor growth in a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism by which CASC2 exerts control over HCC has yet to be established. In the present study, we first demonstrated that CASC2 is downregulated in human HCC tissues and HCC cell lines as compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues and a liver cell line, respectively. After finding that CASC2 knockdown significantly promotes HCC cells migration and invasion as well as that CASC2 overexpression inhibits cell migration and invasion, we identified the microRNA miR-362-5p as an endogenous target of CASC2...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317776/non-coding-rnas-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-molecular-functions-and-pathological-implications
#17
REVIEW
Chun-Ming Wong, Felice Ho-Ching Tsang, Irene Oi-Lin Ng
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading lethal malignancy worldwide. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying liver carcinogenesis remain poorly understood. Over the past two decades, overwhelming evidence has demonstrated the regulatory roles of different classes of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in liver carcinogenesis related to a number of aetiologies, including HBV, HCV and NAFLD. Among the ncRNAs, microRNAs, which belong to a distinct class of small ncRNAs, have been proven to play a crucial role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression...
January 10, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314711/mir-492-regulates-metastatic-properties-of-hepatoblastoma-via-cd44
#18
Julia von Frowein, Stefanie M Hauck, Roland Kappler, Philipp Pagel, Katrin K Fleischmann, Thomas Magg, Stefano Cairo, Adelbert Roscher, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Irene Schmid
BACKGROUND & AIMS: MicroRNAs are important genetic regulators of physiological and pathophysiological processes including cancer initiation and progression of hepatoblastoma, the most common liver tumor in childhood. We aimed to identify malignant and metastasis promoting effects of miR-492, a miRNA we previously reported to be overexpressed in metastatic hepatoblastoma. Further, we intended to evaluate its diagnostic and prognostic potential. METHODS: Stable and transient overexpression of miR-492 in two liver tumor cell lines HepT1 and HUH7 was used to analyze features of metastatic tumor progression like proliferation, anchorage independent growth, migration and invasion...
January 3, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312628/mir-520f-promotes-cell-aggressiveness-by-regulating-fibroblast-growth-factor-16-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Feng Feng Xu, Wen Feng Xie, Guo Qing Zha, Hong Wu Chen, Liang Deng
Cancer metastasis is a multistep cellular process, which has be confirmed one of mainly causes of cancer associated-death in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) participate in tumorigenesis function as either tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. In order to elaborate the critical miRNAs and their targets in HCC, we compared the differential expression of miRNA between HCC tissues and normal tissues. Microarray analysis revealed there were several significantly up-expression miRNAs in HCC, compared to normal solid tissue...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311718/systematic-analysis-of-the-regulatory-roles-of-micrornas-in-postnatal-maturation-and-metergasis-of-liver-of-breeder-cocks
#20
Shengru Wu, Wei Guo, Saisai Liang, Hong Lu, Wenqiang Sun, Xiaochun Ren, Qingzhu Sun, Xiaojun Yang
The liver function of chickens is intensively remodeled from birth to adult, which was validated by metabolomics research in the present study. In order to understand the roles of microRNAs (miRNA) in liver maturation and metergasis, miRNA expression profiles in livers of 20 male chicks aged one day and five adult cocks aged 35 weeks were determined. A total of 191 differentially expressed miRNAs with the criteria of P < 0.05 and fold changes either >1.5 or <0.67 and 32 differentially expressed miRNAs with the criteria of false discovery value (FDR) < 0...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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