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Global child health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912766/non-random-distribution-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopia-spatial-analysis-from-the-2011-ethiopia-demographic-and-health-survey
#1
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu
BACKGROUND: Child undernutrition showed geographical inequalities due to variations in contextual determinants from area to area which indicates that location is an important factor in child undernutrition. However, there are limited studies on spatial epidemiology of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to identify the SaTScan spatial clusters of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Nutritional indices of children (0-59 months) with Global Positioning System (GPS) location data were accessed from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) after getting permission from the MEASURES Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907898/obstetrical-and-perinatal-outcomes-following-blastocyst-transfer-compared-to-cleavage-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C R Gracia, C Racowsky
STUDY QUESTION: Is blastocyst transfer safe when compared to cleavage stage embryo transfer regarding obstetric and perinatal outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The clinical equipoise between blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer remains as the evidence associating blastocyst transfer with some adverse perinatal outcomes is of low/very low quality. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Extended embryo culture to the blastocyst stage provides some theoretical advantages and disadvantages...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905933/salt-intakes-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#3
Oyinlola Oyebode, Samuel Oti, Yen-Fu Chen, Richard J Lilford
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake increases the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. For this reason the World Health Organization recommends a maximum intake of 2 g per day and a 30 % reduction in population sodium intake by 2025. However, in global reviews, data on sodium intake in sub-Saharan Africa have been limited. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies reporting sodium intake in sub-Saharan African populations. Meta-regression analyses were used to test the effect of year of data collection and method of data collection (urinary/dietary), as well as any association between sex, urban/rural status or a country's economic development, and population sodium intake...
January 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905819/mothers-preferences-regarding-new-combination-vaccines-for-their-children-in-japan-2014
#4
Aiko Shono, Masahide Kondo
A number of new vaccines to prevent childhood diseases have been introduced globally over the last few decades. Only four combination vaccines are currently available in Japan, DTaP/sIPV, DTaP, DT, and MR, leading to complex infant vaccine scheduling. This study aims to investigate mothers' preferences with respect to combination vaccines for their children, should new combination vaccines become available that have not yet been launched in Japan or that will be developed in the future. We conducted a web-based, cross-sectional survey of 1,243 mothers who had at least one child between 2 months and 3 years of age...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#5
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898721/hepatitis-b-virus-infections-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-clinic-at-deder-hospital-eastern-ethiopia
#7
Abdi Umare, Berhanu Seyoum, Tesfaye Gobena, Tamirat Haile Mariyam
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic (ANC) for routine pregnancy check-up between 18 March 2015 and 15 May 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892699/genetics-of-consanguinity-and-inbreeding-in-health-and-disease
#8
Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal
CONTEXT: Inbreeding increases the level of homozygotes for autosomal recessive disorders and is the major objective in clinical studies. The prevalence of consanguinity and the degree of inbreeding vary from one population to another depending on ethnicity, religion, culture and geography. Global epidemiological studies have revealed that consanguineous unions have been significantly associated with increased susceptibility to various forms of inherited diseases Objective: The study aimed to determine the role of consanguinity in human health and to highlight the associated risks for various diseases or disorders...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887666/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals
#9
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The millennium development goals triggered an increased demand for data on child and maternal mortalities for monitoring progress. With the advent of the sustainable development goals and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition toward non-communicable diseases, policymakers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887578/evaluation-of-an-international-educational-programme-for-health-care-professionals-on-best-practice-in-the-management-of-a-perinatal-death-improving-perinatal-mortality-review-and-outcomes-via-education-improve
#10
Paul A Gardiner, Alison L Kent, Viviana Rodriguez, Aleena M Wojcieszek, David Ellwood, Adrienne Gordon, Patricia A Wilson, Diana M Bond, Adrian Charles, Susan Arbuckle, Glenn J Gardener, Jeremy J Oats, Jan Jaap Erwich, Fleurisca J Korteweg, T H Nguyen Duc, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Kamal Kishore, Robert M Silver, Alexander E Heazell, Claire Storey, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths and neonatal deaths are devastating events for both parents and clinicians and are global public health concerns. Careful clinical management after these deaths is required, including appropriate investigation and assessment to determine cause (s) to prevent future losses, and to improve bereavement care for families. An educational programme for health care professionals working in maternal and child health has been designed to address these needs according to the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Guideline for Perinatal Mortality: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882866/the-performance-of-community-health-workers-in-the-management-of-multiple-childhood-infectious-diseases-in-lira-northern-uganda-a-mixed-methods-cross-sectional-study
#11
Phillip Wanduru, Moses Tetui, Doreen Tuhebwe, Michael Ediau, Monica Okuga, Christine Nalwadda, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa, Elizeus Rutebemberwa
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to reduce child mortality by improving access to care, especially in remote areas. Uganda has one of the highest child mortality rates globally. Moreover, rural areas bear the highest proportion of this burden. The optimal performance of CHWs is critical. In this study, we assess the performance of CHWs in managing malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhea in the rural district of Lira, in northern Uganda. DESIGNS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was undertaken to investigate the performance of 393 eligible CHWs in the Lira district of Uganda...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882748/-application-of-the-concetrations-ratio-of-soluble-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-type-1-and-placental-growth-factor-for-short-term-prediction-and-diagnosis-of-preeclampsia
#12
Š Bubeníková, A Cíchová, L Roubalová, V Durdová, R Vlk
OBJECTIVE: Bring a comprehensive overview of the available information about applications of the concetration ratio of soluble receptor tyrosine kinase type 1 (sFlt-1), and placental growth factor for short-term prediction and diagnosis of preeclampsia. DESIGN: Overview study. SETTINGS: Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Olomouc; Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University Hospital Olomouc; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Olomouc; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and Motol University Hospital...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876288/trends-prospects-and-deprivation-index-of-disability-in-india-evidences-from-census-2001-and-2011
#13
Ashish Awasthi, C M Pandey, Manisha Dubey, Sanjay Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Since the dawn of civilization, disabilities have existed in various dimensions of human life. World Health Organization (WHO) defines disability as an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Globally, approximately 1 billion people have some form of disability, and approximately 20% have significant functioning impairments. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the level, trends and prospects of disability in 640 districts of India...
November 12, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874728/child-sexual-abuse-in-zimbabwe
#14
Fennie Mantula, Haroon Saloojee
Although child sexual abuse is a significant public health problem globally, its incidence, prevention, and management is less well described in resource-poor settings. In poorer settings prevention initiatives assume even more importance since resources for managing abused children are severely limited. This article examines the current status of policy and practice related to the prevention of child sexual abuse in Zimbabwe. It identifies implementation challenges and highlights opportunities that could be embraced to reduce CSA in Zimbabwe, based on evidence synthesized from recent work...
November 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871322/causes-of-maternal-and-child-mortality-among-cambodian-sex-workers-and-their-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Brian Willis, Saki Onda, Hanni Marie Stoklosa
BACKGROUND: To reach global and national goals for maternal and child mortality, countries must identify vulnerable populations, which includes sex workers and their children. The objective of this study was to identify and describe maternal deaths of female sex workers in Cambodia and causes of death among their children. METHODS: A convenience sample of female sex workers were recruited by local NGOs that provide support to sex workers. We modified the maternal mortality section of the 2010 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey and collected reports of all deaths of female sex workers...
November 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864246/preventing-postnatal-maternal-mental-health-problems-using-a-psychoeducational-intervention-the-cost-effectiveness-of-what-were-we-thinking
#16
Jemimah Ride, Paula Lorgelly, Thach Tran, Karen Wynter, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Postnatal maternal mental health problems, including depression and anxiety, entail a significant burden globally, and finding cost-effective preventive solutions is a public policy priority. This paper presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention, What Were We Thinking (WWWT), for the prevention of postnatal maternal mental health problems. DESIGN: The economic evaluation, including cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses, was conducted alongside a cluster-randomised trial...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863027/pacifier-use-and-interruption-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Gabriela Dos Santos Buccini, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Larissa Munari Paulino, Clarice Lopes Araújo, Sonia Isoyama Venancio
Identifying modifiable risk factor for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) interruption is key for improving child health globally. There is no consensus about the effect of pacifier use on EBF interruption. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to investigate the association between pacifier use and EBF interruption during the first six month. A search of CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS and Medline; from inception through 30 December 2014 without restriction of language yielded 1,866 publications (PROSPERO protocol CRD42014014527)...
November 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860294/screening-for-psychosis-risk-among-adolescents-in-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-a-description-of-the-first-step-with-the-16-item-version-of-the-prodromal-questionnaire-pq-16
#18
Yvonne de Jong, Cornelis L Mulder, Albert E Boon, Mathijs Deen, Maarten van 't Hof, Mark van der Gaag
AIM: Although the 16-item version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) is used as a screener in the early detection of psychosis risk, little is known about PQ-16 scores among adolescents referred to the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. We assessed such scores in adolescents referred to these services in the Netherlands, and also their associations with age, gender, diagnosis and level of functioning. METHODS: The PQ-16 was added to regular intake procedures...
November 9, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845744/promoting-healthy-growth-or-feeding-obesity-the-need-for-evidence-based-oversight-of-infant-nutritional-supplement-claims
#19
Michelle Lampl, Amanda Mummert, Meriah Schoen
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) model recognizes growth in infancy and childhood as a fundamental determinant of lifespan health. Evidence of long-term health risks among small neonates who subsequently grow rapidly poses a challenge for interventions aiming to support healthy growth, not merely drive weight gain. Defining healthy growth beyond "getting bigger" is essential as infant and young child feeding industries expand. Liquid-based nutritional supplements, originally formulated for undernourished children, are increasingly marketed for and consumed by children generally...
November 12, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843745/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-poverty-2005-2015
#20
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Poverty is a global problem. The war against poverty requires not only financial support, but also poverty-related research to pinpoint areas of high need of intervention. In line with international efforts to fight poverty and negative consequences, we carried out this study to give a bibliometric overview of medicine-related literature on poverty. Such a s study is an indicator of the extent of interaction of various international key players on the war against poverty-related health problems...
2016: SpringerPlus
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