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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#1
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649295/counseling-during-maternal-and-infant-health-visits-and-postpartum-contraceptive-use-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#2
Sowmya Rajan, Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, Priya Nanda
CONTEXT: Postpartum family planning is a compelling concern of global significance due to its salience to unplanned pregnancies, and to maternal and infant health in developing countries. Yet, women face the highest level of unmet need for contraception in the year following a birth. A cost-effective way to inform women about their risk of becoming pregnant after the birth of a child is to integrate family planning counseling and services with maternal and infant health services. METHODS: We use recently collected survey data from 2733 women from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India who had a recent birth (since 2011) to examine the role of exposure to family planning information at maternal and infant health visits on (1) any contraceptive use in the postpartum period, and (2) choice of modern method in the postpartum period...
December 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649273/high-burden-of-malaria-and-anemia-among-tribal-pregnant-women-in-a-chronic-conflict-corridor-in-india
#3
Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet, Petros Isaakidis
BACKGROUND: With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are affected by malaria and by an on-going chronic conflict which seriously limits access to health care. The burden of malaria and anemia among pregnant women in these areas is unknown; moreover there are no specific recommendations for pregnant women in the Indian national malaria policy...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649042/worldwide-human-daily-intakes-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-estimated-from-global-urinary-concentration-data-2000-2016-and-its-risk-analysis
#4
Ri-Ping Huang, Ze-Hua Liu, Su-Fen Yuan, Hua Yin, Zhi Dang, Ping-Xiao Wu
To evaluate BPA's potential risk to health, it is important to know human daily intake. This study describes a simple but effective method to estimate the levels of human BPA intake among four different populations based on urinary concentration data. Nationally, of the 30 countries examined, the top ten countries for adult intake were Italy, Sweden, Denmark, France, Cyprus, Australia, Israel, Ghana, Jamaica, and Belgium. When the urinary excretion sample size was large enough and over 1000, it was found that the national estimated BPA daily intakes in the child group among countries, showed a good linear relationship with those of their corresponding adult group...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647993/-impact-of-hiv-hbv-infection-and-hiv-hbv-co-infection-on-outcomes-of-pregnancy
#5
Y Yang, W T Cheng, Y B Zhou, Q W Jiang
Both HIV and HBV infection have become major health problems, of global concern, due to the high prevalence in the past few decades. Data from cumulated epidemiological surveys have shown the links between maternal HIV or HBV infection and adverse outcomes on pregnancy. Maternal HIV or HBV infection may also increase the mother-to-child (MTCT) transmission of the two diseases. However, association between HIV-HBV co-infection and adverse pregnancy is still inconclusive. Does maternal HIV-HBV co-infection have an impact on mother-to-child transmission on either HIV or HBV? Study on effective precautionary measures to promote both maternal and child's health is deemed necessary...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647010/social-skills-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Nora Choque Olsson, Oskar Flygare, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Katarina Lindstedt, Steve Berggren, Eva Serlachius, Ulf Jonsson, Kristiina Tammimies, Lars Kjellin, Sven Bölte
OBJECTIVE: Social skills group training (SSGT) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is widely applied, but effectiveness in real-world practice has not yet been properly evaluated. This study sought to bridge this gap. METHOD: This 12-week pragmatic randomized controlled trial of SSGT compared to standard care alone was conducted at 13 child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient units in Sweden. Twelve sessions of manualized SSGT ("KONTAKT") were delivered by regular clinical staff...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#7
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#8
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629332/an-exploratory-study-of-men-s-companionship-perceptions-and-experiences-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-in-uganda
#9
H Lwanga, L Atuyambe, H Sempewo, A Lumala, R N B Byaruhanga
BACKGROUND: Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men's support is essential for making women's world better. There are increasing debates among policymakers and researchers on the role of men in maternal health programs, which is a challenge in patriarchal societies like Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess companionship during delivery; men's perception and experiences during pregnancy and delivery...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623028/impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-bangladesh
#10
Clint Pecenka, Umesh Parashar, Jacqueline E Tate, Jahangir A M Khan, Devin Groman, Stephen Chacko, Md Shamsuzzaman, Andrew Clark, Deborah Atherly
INTRODUCTION: Diarrheal disease is a leading cause of child mortality globally, and rotavirus is responsible for more than a third of those deaths. Despite substantial decreases, the number of rotavirus deaths in children under five was 215,000 per year in 2013. Of these deaths, approximately 41% occurred in Asia and 3% of those in Bangladesh. While Bangladesh has yet to introduce rotavirus vaccination, the country applied for Gavi support and plans to introduce it in 2018. This analysis evaluates the impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in Bangladesh and provides estimates of the costs of the vaccination program to help inform decision-makers and international partners...
June 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621174/associations-between-family-and-clinician-ratings-of-child-mental-health-a-study-of-uk-camhs-assessments-and-outcomes
#11
Dion N Terrelonge, Andrew Jb Fugard
BACKGROUND: The rated severity of child mental health problems depends on who is doing the rating, whether child, carer or clinician. It is important to know how these ratings relate to each other. AIMS: To investigate to what extent clinicians' views are associated with carers' and young people's views in routine care in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Ratings of clinician and parent/child viewpoints from a large Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) sample ( ns 1773-47,299), as measured by the Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) respectively, were analysed...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619230/innovative-financing-instruments-for-global-health-2002-15-a-systematic-analysis
#12
Rifat Atun, Sachin Silva, Felicia M Knaul
Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. We examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs)-financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds-to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015. We identified ten IFIs, which mobilised US$8·9 billion (2·3% of overall DAH) in 2002-15...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612338/nutritional-rickets-and-osteomalacia-in-the-twenty-first-century-revised-concepts-public-health-and-prevention-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Suma Uday, Wolfgang Högler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional rickets and osteomalacia are common in dark-skinned and migrant populations. Their global incidence is rising due to changing population demographics, failing prevention policies and missing implementation strategies. The calcium deprivation spectrum has hypocalcaemic (seizures, tetany and dilated cardiomyopathy) and late hypophosphataemic (rickets, osteomalacia and muscle weakness) complications. This article reviews sustainable prevention strategies and identifies areas for future research...
June 13, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609692/childhood-maltreatment-psychopathology-and-well-being-the-mediator-role-of-global-self-esteem-attachment-difficulties-and-substance-use
#14
Hanne K Greger, Arne K Myhre, Christian A Klöckner, Thomas Jozefiak
Childhood maltreatment is known to be associated with a broad variety of psychopathology and deteriorated well-being in adolescent populations. In the present nationwide study, we aimed to explore global self-esteem, attachment difficulties and substance use as possible mediators of these associations in a high-risk adolescent population. We included 400 adolescents (aged 12-20 years) living in residential youth care in Norway (response rate 67%). The participants completed a semistructured psychiatric interview (Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA)), a study-specific questionnaire, a revised version of the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA) and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents (KINDL-R)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607905/understanding-potential-uptake-of-a-proposed-mhealth-program-to-support-caregiver-home-management-of-childhood-illness-in-a-resource-poor-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#15
Tirza Areli Calderón, Holly Martin, Kathryn Volpicelli, Rosemary Frasso, Elsa Cecilia Díaz Arroyo, Ernesto Gozzer, Alison M Buttenheim
BACKGROUND: Extensive uptake of mobile phones offers an unprecedented opportunity to improve global healthcare delivery, especially among underserved populations. Mobile health (mHealth) has been increasingly recognized as a promising approach to addressing challenges in global maternal-child health and may play an important role in accelerating progress towards improved outcomes. However, more evidence guiding development of mHealth interventions is needed. The current study explores factors that may support or hinder adoption and use of a proposed mHealth intervention to improve caregiver home management of common childhood illnesses in order to shape program development...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606057/assessing-the-knowledge-of-expectant-mothers-on-mother-to-child-transmission-of-viral-hepatitis-b-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana
#16
Frederick Dun-Dery, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, Williams Walana, Ernestina Yirkyio, Juventus B Ziem
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis B is of a major public health concern globally, especially in developing countries. Expectant mothers' knowledge of Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT) of the disease is significant in preventing the spread from an infected mother to her child. This study sought to assess the expectant mothers' knowledge of Mother-To-Child Transmission of viral hepatitis B in the Wa Municipality and Lawra District of Upper West Region, Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select a total of 450 study respondents (expectant mothers), and a semi-structured questionnaire was used for the data collection...
June 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590840/addressing-child-under-nutrition-can-traditional-practices-offer-a-solution
#17
Sarika Chaturvedi, Joanna Raven, Bhushan Patwardhan
Child under nutrition continues to be a challenge to global development, especially in resource-poor contexts. In the multifaceted attempts to address this challenge, popular traditional practices, although closely linked to infant health, remain neglected and less researched. The World Health Organization's recent strategy on traditional medicine systems provides overarching guidance in this regard. In this commentary, we attempt to exemplify this. We highlight the importance of traditional child care practices with regard to child nutrition and the need for trans-disciplinary research to explore the potential of these for public health...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589020/countdown-to-2015-an-analysis-of-donor-funding-for-prenatal-and-neonatal-health-2003-2013
#18
Catherine Pitt, Christopher Grollman, Melisa Martínez-Álvarez, Leonardo Arregoces, Joy E Lawn, Josephine Borghi
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 5.3 million babies died in the third trimester of pregnancy and first month following birth. Progress in reducing neonatal mortality and stillbirth rates has lagged behind the substantial progress in reducing postneonatal and maternal mortality rates. The benefits to prenatal and neonatal health (PNH) from maternal and child health investments cannot be assumed. METHODS: We analysed donor funding for PNH over the period 2003-2013. We used an exhaustive key term search followed by manual review and classification to identify official development assistance and private grant (ODA+) disbursement records in the Countdown to 2015 ODA+ Database...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589010/effects-of-economic-downturns-on-child-mortality-a-global-economic-analysis-1981-2010
#19
Mahiben Maruthappu, Robert A Watson, Johnathan Watkins, Thomas Zeltner, Rosalind Raine, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To analyse how economic downturns affect child mortality both globally and among subgroups of countries of variable income levels. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study using economic data from the World Bank's Development Indicators and Global Development Finance (2013 edition). Child mortality data were sourced from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. SETTING: Global. PARTICIPANTS: 204 countries between 1981 and 2010...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588977/determinants-of-morbidity-and-mortality-following-emergency-abdominal-surgery-in-children-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Child health is a key priority on the global health agenda, yet the provision of essential and emergency surgery in children is patchy in resource-poor regions. This study was aimed to determine the mortality risk for emergency abdominal paediatric surgery in low-income countries globally. METHODS: Multicentre, international, prospective, cohort study. Self-selected surgical units performing emergency abdominal surgery submitted prespecified data for consecutive children aged <16 years during a 2-week period between July and December 2014...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
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