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Global child health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527657/clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-treatment-of-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Cathy Creswell, Mara Violato, Hannah Fairbanks, Elizabeth White, Monika Parkinson, Gemma Abitabile, Alessandro Leidi, Peter J Cooper
BACKGROUND: Half of all lifetime anxiety disorders emerge before age 12 years; however, access to evidence-based psychological therapies for affected children is poor. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of two brief psychological treatments for children with anxiety referred to routine child mental health settings. We hypothesised that brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) would be associated with better clinical outcomes than solution-focused brief therapy and would be cost-effective...
May 17, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526670/social-media-and-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-is-there-a-link
#2
Megan Landry, Monique Turner, Amita Vyas, Susan Wood
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual risk taking and its consequences remain a global public health concern. Empirical evidence on the impact that social media has on sexual health behaviors among youth is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between social media and the change in sexual risk over time and whether parental monitoring moderates this relationship. METHODS: This study comprised a sample of 555 Latino youth aged 13-19 years from Maryland, United States completing baseline and follow-up surveys...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521713/global-hiv-prevention-testing-and-counseling-in-military-populations
#3
Michael P Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Richard Shaffer, Caroline A Macera, Marc Bulterys
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population in low- and middle-income countries, military members tend to be male, young, travel more frequently away from their main sexual partners, drink more alcohol and have a consistent source of income. All of these factors may lead to an increased risk of contracting HIV. OBJECTIVE: In response, the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program advocates for the integration of HIV prevention "building blocks" into military health services to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV among foreign uniformed services...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514525/responsiveness-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-ecohis-to-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia
#4
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Wesam H Damanhouri, Najat M Farsi
BACKGROUND: The Arabic version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (A-ECOHIS) has been validated, but its ability to detect change was not tested. AIM: To evaluate the responsiveness of the A-ECOHIS to dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (DRGA). DESIGN: A consecutive sample of 131 parents of children aged 6 years or younger, scheduled for DRGA were recruited from three public hospitals. The parents completed the A-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks following DRGA...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510298/drugs-for-children
#5
S Ito
The "Therapeutic Orphan" status of children is gradually improving, but our efforts to eliminate off-label/off-evidence use must be sustained for safer and more effective pediatric drug therapy. This is even more important in resource-scarce settings, because of the increasing child population in those regions. The juncture of pediatric pharmacology and global child health represents an emerging field of clinical pharmacology illuminating a crucial societal need on a global scale.
June 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508707/maternal-union-instability-and-childhood-mortality-risk-in-the-global-south-2010-14
#6
Laurie F DeRose, Andrés Salazar-Arango, Paúl Corcuera García, Montserrat Gas-Aixendri, Reynaldo Rivera
Efforts to improve child survival in lower-income countries typically focus on fundamental factors such as economic resources and infrastructure provision, even though research from post-industrial countries confirms that family instability has important health consequences. We tested the association between maternal union instability and children's mortality risk in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia using children's actual experience of mortality (discrete-time probit hazard models) as well as their experience of untreated morbidity (probit regression)...
May 16, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507158/impact-of-international-monetary-fund-programs-on-child-health
#7
Adel Daoud, Elias Nosrati, Bernhard Reinsberg, Alexander E Kentikelenis, Thomas H Stubbs, Lawrence P King
Parental education is located at the center of global efforts to improve child health. In a developing-country context, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) plays a crucial role in determining how governments allocate scarce resources to education and public health interventions. Under reforms mandated by IMF structural adjustment programs, it may become harder for parents to reap the benefits of their education due to wage contraction, welfare retrenchment, and generalized social insecurity. This study assesses how the protective effect of education changes under IMF programs, and thus how parents' ability to guard their children's health is affected by structural adjustment...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507009/a-systematic-examination-of-the-association-between-parental-and-child-obesity-across-countries
#8
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Jungwon Min, Jacob Khuri, Miao Li
Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic. Parents can have an important influence on their children's health behaviors and weight status. Many studies have examined the association between parental and childhood weight status. However, much heterogeneity between studies exists, and the parent-child (P-C) association in obesity has varied. The purpose of this systematic examination and meta-analysis was to examine the strength and variation of the P-C association in obesity and to identify factors (e.g...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498344/mercury-in-children-current-state-on-exposure-through-human-biomonitoring-studies
#10
REVIEW
Flavia Ruggieri, Costanza Majorani, Francesco Domanico, Alessandro Alimonti
Mercury (Hg) in children has multiple exposure sources and the toxicity of Hg compounds depends on exposure routes, dose, timing of exposure, and developmental stage (be it prenatal or postnatal). Over the last decades, Hg was widely recognized as a threat to the children's health and there have been acknowledgements at the international level of the need of a global policy intervention-like the Minamata treaty-aimed at reducing or preventing Hg exposure and protecting the child health. National human biomonitoring (HBM) data has demonstrated that low levels of exposure of Hg are still an important health concern for children, which no one country can solve alone...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494775/gender-blind-an-analysis-of-global-public-private-partnerships-for-health
#11
Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse, Anuj Kapilashrami
BACKGROUND: The Global Public Private Partnerships for Health (GPPPH) constitute an increasingly central part of the global health architecture and carry both financial and normative power. Gender is an important determinant of health status, influencing differences in exposure to health determinants, health behaviours, and the response of the health system. We identified 18 GPPPH - defined as global institutions with a formal governance mechanism which includes both public and private for-profit sector actors - and conducted a gender analysis of each...
May 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494007/child-malnutrition-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-meta-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-2006-2016
#12
Blessing J Akombi, Kingsley E Agho, Dafna Merom, Andre M Renzaho, John J Hall
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest levels of child malnutrition globally. Therefore, a critical look at the distribution of malnutrition within its sub-regions is required to identify the worst affected areas. This study provides a meta-analysis of the prevalence of malnutrition indicators (stunting, wasting and underweight) within four sub-regions of sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2006-2016) of 32 countries in sub-Saharan Africa were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492490/the-association-between-parent-diet-quality-and-child-dietary-patterns-in-nine-to-eleven-year-old-children-from-dunedin-new-zealand
#13
Brittany Davison, Pouya Saeedi, Katherine Black, Harriet Harrex, Jillian Haszard, Kim Meredith-Jones, Robin Quigg, Sheila Skeaff, Lee Stoner, Jyh Eiin Wong, Paula Skidmore
Previous research investigating the relationship between parents' and children's diets has focused on single foods or nutrients, and not on global diet, which may be more important for good health. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between parental diet quality and child dietary patterns. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 17 primary schools in Dunedin, New Zealand. Information on food consumption and related factors in children and their primary caregiver/parent were collected...
May 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491127/global-initiatives-in-maternal-and-newborn-health
#14
Vanessa Brizuela, Özge Tunçalp
In 2015, 17 sustainable development goals were established for 2030. These global goals aim to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all. In support of the sustainable development goals, the World Health Organization proposed a new global strategy for women's, children's, and adolescents' health in 2016 with three overarching objectives: to survive, to thrive, and to transform. We are now globally seeking not only to end preventable deaths but also to ensure health and wellbeing, and expand enabling environments...
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490554/feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-within-consultation-intervention-to-reduce-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-presenting-to-primary-care-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-and-cough
#15
Peter S Blair, Sophie Turnbull, Jenny Ingram, Niamh Redmond, Patricia Jane Lucas, Christie Cabral, Sandra Hollinghurst, Padraig Dixon, Tim Peters, Jeremy Horwood, Paul Little, Nick A Francis, Anna Gilbertson, Catherine Jameson, Alastair D Hay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate recruitment and retention, data collection methods and the acceptability of a 'within-consultation' complex intervention designed to reduce antibiotic prescribing. DESIGN: Primary care feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 32 general practices in South West England recruiting children from October 2014 to April 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Children (aged 3 months to <12 years) with acute cough and respiratory tract infection (RTI)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486654/oxygen-availability-and-nursing-capacity-for-oxygen-therapy-in-ugandan-paediatric-wards
#16
Juliet Nabwire, Sophie Namasopo, Michael Hawkes
Oxygen is essential, life-saving, supportive treatment for children with hypoxaemia but is not available in many resource-constrained health facilities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of oxygen availability and nurses' skills for oxygen administration at the paediatric wards of 11 district hospitals in eastern Uganda. Functional oxygen delivery was available at the paediatric wards of only 2 of 11 (18%) hospitals. Of the six concentrators found, two did not function at all and two produced a stream of O2 <80% pure...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479888/pattern-of-utilization-of-ante-natal-and-delivery-services-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-north-central-nigeria
#17
Jimoh Maryam Abimbola, Akande Tanimola Makanjuola, Salaudeen Adekunle Ganiyu, Uthman Mohammed Mubashir Babatunde, Durowade Kabir Adekunle, Aremu Ayodele Olatayo
BACKGROUND: Nigeria accounts for only 2% of the world's population, but contributes up to 10 % of the global estimates of maternal deaths. The study assesses the utilization of antenatal and delivery services by women of reproductive age in Afon community. METHODOLOGY: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study that collected both quantitative and qualitative data using semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire and focus group discussions (FGD). Interviews were house-hold based...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470071/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-evidence-based-practice-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-in-malawi
#18
Chisomo Mulenga, Joanne R Naidoo
BACKGROUND: HIV continues to be a global public health concern with Malawi being among the worst affected countries. The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women is also very high, thereby raising concerns of mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is therefore a priority in the efforts to curb the HIV pandemic. Keeping in mind that the area of HIV management is rapidly evolving, underpinning nursing care with evidence-based practice is essential and has been reported to reduce mother-to-child transmission...
April 12, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464958/behavioral-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Giancarlo Condello, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Chantal Simon, Donatella Ciarapica, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are a global concern and increasing PA engagement is becoming a priority in current public health policies. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the behavioral determinants of PA is still inconclusive. Thus, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize the evidence on the behavioral determinants of PA across the life course. METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459105/crude-childhood-vaccination-coverage-in-west-africa-trends-and-predictors-of-completeness
#20
Jacob S Kazungu, Ifedayo M O Adetifa
Background: Africa has the lowest childhood vaccination coverage worldwide. If the full benefits of childhood vaccination programmes are to be enjoyed in sub-Saharan Africa, all countries need to improve on vaccine delivery to achieve and sustain high coverage. In this paper, we review trends in vaccination coverage, dropouts between vaccine doses and explored the country-specific predictors of complete vaccination in West Africa.  Methods: We utilized datasets from the Demographic and Health Surveys Program, available for Benin, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, to obtain coverage for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, polio, measles, and diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT) vaccines in children aged 12 - 23 months...
February 15, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
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