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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231897/assessment-of-a-salt-reduction-intervention-on-adult-population-salt-intake-in-fiji
#1
Arti Pillay, Kathy Trieu, Joseph Alvin Santos, Arleen Sukhu, Jimaima Schultz, Jillian Wate, Colin Bell, Marj Moodie, Wendy Snowdon, Gary Ma, Kris Rogers, Jacqui Webster
Reducing population salt intake is a global public health priority due to the potential to save lives and reduce the burden on the healthcare system through decreased blood pressure. This implementation science research project set out to measure salt consumption patterns and to assess the impact of a complex, multi-faceted intervention to reduce population salt intake in Fiji between 2012 and 2016. The intervention combined initiatives to engage food businesses to reduce salt in foods and meals with targeted consumer behavior change programs...
December 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230316/converging-on-child-mental-health-toward-shared-global-action-for-child-development
#2
G Belkin, L Wissow, C Lund, L Aber, Z Bhutta, M Black, C Kieling, S McGregor, A Rahman, C Servili, S Walker, H Yoshikawa
We are a group of researchers and clinicians with collective experience in child survival, nutrition, cognitive and social development, and treatment of common mental conditions. We join together to welcome an expanded definition of child development to guide global approaches to child health and overall social development. We call for resolve to integrate maternal and child mental health with child health, nutrition, and development services and policies, and see this as fundamental to the health and sustainable development of societies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225945/reproductive-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-in-conflict-a-case-study-on-syria-using-countdown-indicators
#3
Jocelyn DeJong, Hala Ghattas, Hyam Bashour, Rima Mourtada, Chaza Akik, Amelia Reese-Masterson
Introduction: Women and children account for a disproportionate morbidity burden among conflict-affected populations, and yet they are not included in global accountability frameworks for women's and children's health. We use Countdown to 2015 (Millennium Development Goals) health indicators to provide an up-to-date review and analysis of the best available data on Syrian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey and internally displaced within Syria and explore data challenges in this conflict setting...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225141/effects-of-healthcare-professional-delivered-early-feeding-interventions-on-feeding-practices-and-dietary-intake-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Elaine Toomey, Lisa Delaney, Janas Harrington, Molly Byrne, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global public health challenge. Parental feeding practices, such as responsive feeding, are implicated in the etiology of childhood obesity. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to examine of effects of healthcare professional-delivered early feeding interventions, on parental feeding practices, dietary intake, and weight outcomes for children up to 2 years. The role of responsive feeding interventions was also specifically examined...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222078/texting-condolences-adapting-mhealth-programs-after-unexpected-pregnancy-and-infant-outcomes
#5
Jennifer A Unger, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
Mobile health (mHealth) short message system (SMS) interventions for maternal and child health (MCH) are being implemented globally. In many low- and middle-income settings in which these mHealth interventions are being rolled out, stillbirths and neonatal and infant deaths are common. It is important that mHealth solutions do not exacerbate emotional stress and pain by continuing with routine messaging for pregnancy or infant care when someone has experienced loss. In this brief viewpoint paper, we argue that SMS programs for maternal and child health need to adapt and make available messaging for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant loss...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217802/child-sexual-abuse-management-and-prevention-and-protection-of-children-from-sexual-offences-pocso-act
#6
Rajeev Seth, R N Srivastava
Child Sexual Abuse is an alarming reality and is being increasingly reportedin India as well as globally. Pediatricians and allied medical professionals are often the first point of contact with abused children and their families. They have a key role in detecting Child Sexual Abuse, providing immediate and long-term care and support to the victims and their families. India has adopted the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) in 2012. It is a comprehensive law on sexual abuse, which expands the scope and range of forms of sexual offences, makes reporting of abuse mandatory and defines guidelines for the examination of victims...
November 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217695/harmonizing-methods-for-estimating-the-impact-of-contraceptive-use-on-unintended-pregnancy-abortion-and-maternal-health
#7
Ian Askew, Michelle Weinberger, Aisha Dasgupta, Jacqueline Darroch, Ellen Smith, John Stover, Melanie Yahner
Estimates of the potential impacts of contraceptive use on averting unintended pregnancies, total and unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, and newborn, infant, and child deaths provide evidence of the value of investments in family planning programs and thus are critically important for policy makers, donors, and advocates alike. Several research teams have independently developed mathematical models that estimate the number of adverse health outcomes averted due to contraceptive use. However, each modeling approach was designed for different purposes, and as such the methodological assumptions, data inputs, and mathematical algorithms initially used in each model differed; consequently, the models did not produce comparable estimates for the same outcome indicators...
December 7, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212501/equity-implications-for-sanitation-from-recent-health-and-nutrition-evidence
#8
EDITORIAL
A A Cronin, M E Gnilo, M Odagiri, S Wijesekera
Recent evidence points to the possible underestimation of the health and nutrition impact of sanitation. Community sanitation coverage may first need to reach thresholds in the order of 60% or higher, to optimize health and nutrition gains. Increasing coverage of sanitation to levels below 60% of community coverage may not result in substantial gains. For example, moving Indonesia from 60% to 100% improved sanitation coverage could significantly reduce diarrhoea in children under 5 years old (by an estimated 24% reduction in odds ratio for child diarrhoea morbidity) with gains split equally by reaching underserved communities and the unserved within communities...
December 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212379/provision-of-rehabilitation-services-for-children-with-disabilities-living-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#9
Dawn Magnusson, Frank Sweeney, Michel Landry
BACKGROUND: Childhood disability is a growing global health priority. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and summarize rehabilitation interventions used to support children with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This scoping review involved a systematic search of electronic databases using a combination of subject headings and/or keywords related to child disability, rehabilitation, and low- and middle-income countries. Charting involved an iterative process whereby the full text of articles meeting the inclusion criteria were abstracted using a charting form...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208854/study-on-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-septic-abortion-and-its-relationship-with-person-inducing-abortion
#10
S Nahar, S Akhter, F Ahamed, K Akhtar, F Noor
Abortion is a global problem. Maternal mortality and morbidity is still high due to uncontrolled abortion mainly induced abortion which may turn to septic abortion. A total of 50 cases of septic abortion cases admitted in Dhaka Medical College Hospital were included in this study. This cross sectional study was designed to find out the clinical presentation and outcome of septic abortion from January 2010 to January 2011. Out of 50 cases of septic abortion admitted where 44(88%) were induced abortion. Majority of the cases were parous (2-3 parity 32%; 4-6 parity 38%; and 6+ parity 4%) and housewives 42(84%), living with their husbands 49(98%), hailing from urban, semi urban and urban slums...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208587/hiv-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-evolution-and-current-direction
#11
Jacob Dee, Jesus M Garcia Calleja, Kimberly Marsh, Irum Zaidi, Christopher Murrill, Mahesh Swaminathan
Since the late 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sentinel serosurveillance among pregnant women attending select antenatal clinics (ANCs) based on unlinked anonymous testing (UAT) has provided invaluable information for tracking HIV prevalence and trends and informing global and national HIV models in most countries with generalized HIV epidemics. However, increased coverage of HIV testing, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), and antiretroviral therapy has heightened ethical concerns about UAT...
December 5, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202599/bereaved-parents-health-status-during-the-first-6-months-after-their-child-s-death
#12
Nancy Dias, Debra Brandon, Joan E Haase, Paula Tanabe
PURPOSE: To examine bereaved parents' physical, mental, and social health during the first 6 months after their child's (<12 years) death from a life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Bereaved parents have higher mortality and morbidity rates when compared to nonbereaved parents. Acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes are highest in the first 6 months. An understanding of bereaved parents' health risk indicators can help inform development of health promotion and disease prevention measures...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202093/health-status-and-health-systems-financing-in-the-mena-region-roadmap-to-universal-health-coverage
#13
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202092/china-s-engagement-with-development-assistance-for-health-in-africa
#14
Mohon Shajalal, Junfang Xu, Jun Jing, Madeleine King, Jie Zhang, Peicheng Wang, Jennifer Bouey, Feng Cheng
Background: As an emerging donor in health related development across the world, particularly towards Africa, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has been increasing its influence within the field of global public health over the past few decades. Yet between the period of 2000 and 2013, little is known about the scope, scale and priority of China's grant-making programs. Methods: Based on data sourced from the China Aid Database (version-1.2), descriptive analyses were applied to analyze the features of 531 health related projects that were undertaken between 2000 and 2013...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200892/trends-and-drivers-of-skilled-birth-attendant-use-in-nigeria-1990-2013-policy-implications-for-child-and-maternal-health
#15
Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe, Elizabeth O Hurricane-Ike, Oyindamola B Yusuf, Erhabor S Idemudia
Introduction: While Nigeria accounts for only 2% of the world population, it regrettably shares 14% of global maternal death burden. Whether its reported increase in antenatal care utilization is accompanied by increased use of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is not known. This study assessed trends in utilization of SBAs in Nigeria between 1990 and 2013 and identified its determinants. Methods: Data from four consecutive Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey reports between 1990 and 2013 were pooled...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199913/elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-syphilis-is-it-a-reality-in-nigeria-by-2020
#16
Daniel A Adeyinka, Babayemi O Olakunde, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Emmanuel A Agogo, Mercy Morka, Temitope Atoba, Chris Obanubi, Gideon Okorie, Abiola Davies, Olanrewaju Oladimeji
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis is a global health problem, yet it has received little attention in recent years. Despite cost-effective syphilis screening and treatment, it continues to contribute hugely to perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. AIMS: To determine the prevalence and treatment coverage trend for syphilis among pregnant women in the national prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme in Nigeria and to evaluate progress towards the elimination of congenital syphilis in the country...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198918/observations-on-the-epidemiology-of-rotavirus-infection-among-hospitalized-children-younger-than-5%C3%A2-years-in-2-ukrainian-hospitals-2007-2015
#17
Liudmyla I Chernyshova, Nataliya M Radionova, Iryna V Demchyshyna, Liudmyla S Kotlik, Oleksandra B Sadkova, Elena O Samoilovich, Galina V Semeiko, Danni S Daniels, Adam L Cohen, Negar Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis remains a burden among children under 5 years of age. Ukraine joined the World Health Organization's Global Rotavirus Surveillance Network in 2006, with a goal of providing accurate rotavirus burden data to aid policy makers in planning for rotavirus vaccine introduction. This analysis describes rotavirus epidemiology among Ukrainian children enrolled in Kyiv and Odesa, two large Ukrainian cities. METHODS: Children 0-59 months of age hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis at 2 sentinel sites in Kyiv and Odesa were enrolled into the active, prospective surveillance program...
November 29, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194540/how-linked-are-national-hiv-and-srhr-strategies-a-review-of-srhr-and-hiv-strategies-in-60-countries
#18
Jonathan Hopkins, Lynn Collins
The connection between HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is widely recognised along with the benefits of linking them at the legal/policy, health systems, and service delivery levels. However, despite increased rhetoric about the need for this three-tiered approach, integrated service delivery has not been fully addressed at the legal/policy level through national strategies. Thus a review of HIV and SRHR strategies was conducted for 60 countries, determining the extent to which they reflected the intersections between HIV and SRHR...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192004/effectiveness-of-a-comprehensive-case-management-service-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tamara D Simon, Kathryn B Whitlock, Wren Haaland, Davene R Wright, Chuan Zhou, John Neff, Waylon Howard, Brian Cartin, Rita Mangione-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether children with medical complexity (CMC) exposed to a hospital-based comprehensive case management service (CCMS) experience improved health care quality, improved functional status, reduced hospital-based utilization, and/or reduced overall health care costs. METHODS: Eligible CMC at Seattle Children's Hospital were enrolled in a cluster randomized controlled trial between December 1, 2010, and September 29, 2014. Participating primary care providers (PCPs) were randomly assigned, and CMC either had access to an outpatient hospital-based CCMS or usual care directed by their PCP...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182420/timeliness-of-vaccination-in-infants-followed-by-primary-care-pediatricians-in-france
#20
Anne-Charlotte Bailly, Pauline Gras, Jean-François Lienhardt, Jean-Christophe Requillart, François Vié-le-Sage, Alain Martinot, François Dubos
Vaccination status is more often evaluated by up-to-date vaccination coverage rather than timeliness of immunization. Delaying vaccination may be dangerous during infancy. The aim of this study was to identify the importance of potentially dangerous vaccination delay (previously defined) and determinants of these delays. We conducted a national, prospective, vaccination survey in June 2014, with primary care pediatricians. Children, 2 to 24 months of age, were included. Data about vaccination were extracted from their health books...
November 28, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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