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Global child health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026750/visual-impairment-among-10-14-year-school-children-in-puducherry-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
R Vishnuprasad, Joy Bazroy, K Madhanraj, Hannah Ranjee Prashanth, Zile Singh, Abel K Samuel, T Muthukumar
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2010 estimates by the World Health Organization, nearly 285 million (4.24% of total population) people of all ages worldwide are visually impaired. Almost 18.9 million children under 15 years of age are visually impaired globally. In developing countries, 7%-31% of childhood blindness and visual impairment is avoidable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study among 1884 school students in Puducherry, in the age group of 10-14 years...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025434/minimum-dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Dagmawit Solomon, Zewdie Aderaw, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity has long been recognized as a key element of high quality diets. Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) is the consumption of four or more food groups from the seven food groups. Globally, only few children are receiving nutritionally adequate and diversified foods. More than two-thirds of malnutrition related child deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practice during the first two years of life. In Ethiopia, only 7 % of children age 6-23 months had received the minimum acceptable diet...
October 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021979/everybody-brush-consumer-satisfaction-with-a-tooth-decay-prevention-program
#3
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021370/integrating-nutrition-interventions-into-an-existing-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-program-increased-maternal-dietary-diversity-micronutrient-intake-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-bangladesh-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation
#4
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Sunny S Kim, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Sadia Shabnam, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Maternal undernutrition is a major concern globally, contributing to poor birth outcomes. Limited evidence exists on delivering multiple interventions for maternal nutrition simultaneously. Alive & Thrive addressed this gap by integrating nutrition-focused interpersonal counseling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) program in Bangladesh.Objectives: We evaluated the effect of providing nutrition-focused MNCH compared with standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counseling) on coverage of nutrition interventions, maternal dietary diversity, micronutrient supplement intake, and early breastfeeding practices...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020047/correlates-of-institutional-deliveries-among-teenage-and-non-teenage-mothers-in-nepal
#5
Pawan Acharya, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dipika Neupane, Kiran Thapa, Parash Mani Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Globally, maternal age is identified as an important predictor of institutional service utilization during delivery. This study aims to assess the correlates of institutional delivery among teenage and non-teenage mothers in Nepal by using the data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5391 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who had given birth to a child within five years before the survey. Out of them, 381 (7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018042/gwas-on-prolonged-gestation-post-term-birth-analysis-of-successive-finnish-birth-cohorts
#6
William Schierding, Jisha Antony, Ville Karhunen, Marja Vääräsmäki, Steve Franks, Paul Elliott, Eero Kajantie, Sylvain Sebert, Alex Blakemore, Julia A Horsfield, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Justin M O'Sullivan, Wayne S Cutfield
BACKGROUND: Gestation is a crucial timepoint in human development. Deviation from a term gestational age correlates with both acute and long-term adverse health effects for the child. Both being born preterm and post-term, that is, having short and long gestational ages, are heritable and influenced by the prenatal and perinatal environment. Despite the obvious heritable component, specific genetic influences underlying differences in gestational age are poorly understood. METHODS: We investigated the genetic architecture of gestational age in 9141 individuals, including 1167 born post-term, across two Northern Finland cohorts born in 1966 or 1986...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994739/managing-early-childhood-caries-with-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-topical-silver-and-fluoride-agents
#7
REVIEW
Duangporn Duangthip, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant global health problem affecting millions of preschool children worldwide. In general, preschool children from families with 20% of the lowest family incomes suffered about 80% of the ECC. Most, if not all, surveys indicated that the great majority of ECC was left untreated. Untreated caries progresses into the dental pulp, causing pain and infection. It can spread systemically, affecting a child's growth, development and general health. Fundamental caries management is based on the conventional restorative approach...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993648/upstream-watershed-condition-predicts-rural-children-s-health-across-35-developing-countries
#8
Diego Herrera, Alicia Ellis, Brendan Fisher, Christopher D Golden, Kiersten Johnson, Mark Mulligan, Alexander Pfaff, Timothy Treuer, Taylor H Ricketts
Diarrheal disease (DD) due to contaminated water is a major cause of child mortality globally. Forests and wetlands can provide ecosystem services that help maintain water quality. To understand the connections between land cover and childhood DD, we compiled a database of 293,362 children in 35 countries with information on health, socioeconomic factors, climate, and watershed condition. Using hierarchical models, here we find that higher upstream tree cover is associated with lower probability of DD downstream...
October 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988214/integrating-primary-eye-care-into-global-child-health-policies
#9
Aeesha Nusrat Jehan Malik, Milka Mafwiri, Clare Gilbert
Globally, approximately 75% of blind children live in low-income countries (LICs). Almost half of blindness and low vision in LICs is due to avoidable causes such as corneal scarring from measles infection, vitamin A deficiency disorders, use of harmful traditional eye remedies, ophthalmia neonatorum and cataract.
October 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986335/mobile-health-apps-in-ob-gyn-embedded-psychiatric-care-commentary
#10
Aydan Mehralizade, Shayna Schor, Chad M Coleman, Claire E Oppenheim, Christy A Denckla, Christina Pc Borba, David C Henderson, James Wolff, Sarah Crane, Pamela Nettles-Gomez, Avik Pal, Snezana Milanovic
This paper explores the potential benefits of the use of mobile health (mHealth) apps in obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN)-embedded psychiatric clinics in the United States. First, we highlight the increasing trend of integrating mental health care within the OB-GYN context. Second, we provide examples of successful uses of mHealth in the global health context and highlight the dearth of available research in the United States. Finally, we provide a summary of the shortcomings of currently available apps and describe the upcoming trial of a novel app currently underway at the Mother-Child Wellness Clinical and Research Center at Boston Medical Center...
October 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985750/childhood-diarrheal-morbidity-and-sanitation-predictors-in-a-nomadic-community
#11
Bikes Destaw Bitew, Wondwoson Woldu, Zemichael Gizaw
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea remains a leading killer of young children on the globe despite the availability of simple and effective solutions to prevent and control it. The disease is more prevalent among under - five children (U5C) in the developing world due to lack of sanitation. A child dies every 15 s from diarrheal disease caused largely by poor sanitation. Nearly 90% of diarrheal disease is attributed to inadequate sanitation. Even though, the health burden of diarrheal disease is widely recognized at global level, its prevalence and sanitation predictors among a nomadic population of Ethiopia are not researched...
October 6, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981663/institutionalizing-and-sustaining-social-change-in-health-systems-the-case-of-uganda
#12
Jerald Hage, Joseph J Valadez
The key to high impact health services is institutionalizing and sustaining programme evaluation. Uganda represents a success story in the use of a specific programme evaluation method: Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS). Institutionalization is defined by two C's: competent programme evaluators and control mechanisms that effectively use evaluation data to improve health services. Sustainability means continued training and funding for the evaluation approach. Social science literature that researches institutionalization has emphasized 'stability', whereas in global health, the issue is determining how to improve the impact of services by 'changing' programmes...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976537/a-literature-review-qualitative-studies-of-women-parenting-during-abuse
#13
Andrea Nicole Brooks, Judith McFarlane
Many women worldwide are physically and emotionally abused, and their children are exposed to violence as well, resulting in what has become a worldwide epidemic. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013 adopted through the United Nations' Development Program recognizes the continued need for global efforts to empower women, reduce child mortality, and improve child health. This literature review of women's experiences while parenting during abuse revealed the utilization of parenting strategies to parent their child(ren) effectively in the most difficult and traumatic of circumstances...
October 4, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975440/research-priorities-for-the-intersection-of-alcohol-and-hiv-aids-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-priority-setting-exercise
#14
Sara Gordon, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Sarah Skeen, Charles Perry, Kendall Bryant, Mark Tomlinson
The harmful use of alcohol is a component cause for more than 200 diseases. The association between alcohol consumption, risk taking behavior and a range of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS is well established. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS as well as harmful alcohol use in low and middle income countries is high. Alcohol has been identified as a modifiable risk factor in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. The objective of this paper is to define research priorities for the interaction of alcohol and HIV/AIDS in low and middle income countries...
October 3, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972515/data-driven-maternal-health-literacy-promotion-and-a-postscript-on-its-implications
#15
Sandra A Smith, Lauren N Carroll
Scientific discovery and global health policy are moving health literacy promotion and maternal-child health from the fringes of research and public health to the forefront of healthcare reform [1]. In 2011 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Shanghai Declaration [2]. The Declaration highlights new understanding of the origins of health and disease in early development. It calls on all nations to apply this knowledge to reduce the burdens of chronic disease and related disparities worldwide. The Declaration recommends a specific intervention strategy: promote health literacy across the life course, particularly in parents and children, and empower women...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971572/priority-interventions-to-improve-maternal-and-child-diets-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia
#16
William A Masters, Katherine Rosettie, Sarah Kranz, Sarah H Pedersen, Patrick Webb, Goodarz Danaei, Dariush Mozaffarian
Nutrition-sensitive interventions to improve overall diet quality are increasingly needed to improve maternal and child health. This study demonstrates feasibility of a structured process to leverage local expertise in formulating programmes tailored for current circumstances in South Asia and Africa. We assembled 41 stakeholders in 2 regional workshops and followed a prespecified protocol to elicit programme designs listing the human and other resources required, the intervention's mechanism for impact on diets, target foods and nutrients, target populations, and contact information for partners needed to implement the desired programme...
October 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967183/a-systematic-review-of-methods-to-measure-family-co-participation-in-physical-activity
#17
REVIEW
L Uijtdewilligen, H E Brown, F Müller-Riemenschneider, Y W Lim, S Brage, E M van Sluijs
The family environment is key in influencing children's health behaviours. Encouraging family co-participation in physical activity may therefore be an effective approach to increasing children's physical activity levels. Yet, little is known about how to best assess family co-participation in physical activity. This review summarizes methods to measure family co-participation in physical activity, which was defined as joint physical activities including at least one healthy child (0-18 years) and one other family member...
October 2, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965508/addressing-barriers-to-exclusive-breast-feeding-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-programmatic-implications
#18
Justine A Kavle, Elizabeth LaCroix, Hallie Dau, Cyril Engmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite numerous global initiatives on breast-feeding, trend data show exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) rates have stagnated over the last two decades. The purpose of the present systematic review was to determine barriers to exclusive breast-feeding in twenty-five low- and middle-income countries and discuss implications for programmes. DESIGN: A search of Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO was conducted to retrieve studies from January 2000 to October 2015...
October 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964899/polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-alter-dna-methylation-and-genomic-integrity-of-sheep-fetal-cells-in-a-simplified-in-vitro-model-of-pregnancy-exposure
#19
Debora A Anzalone, Silvestre Sampino, Marta Czernik, Domenico Iuso, Grazyna E Ptak
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants ubiquitously detectable in the environment and in the food chain. Prenatal exposure to PCBs negatively affects fetal development and produces long-term detrimental effects on child health. The present study sought to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of chronic PCB exposure on fetal cells during pregnancy. To this aim, sheep embryonic fibroblasts (SEF) and amniocytes (SA) were cultured in vitro in the presence of low doses of PCBs for a period of 120days, comparable to the full term of ovine pregnancy...
September 28, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#20
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
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