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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443724/preoperative-fasting-guidelines-in-pediatric-anesthesia-are-we-ready-for-a-change
#1
Hanna Andersson, Achim Schmitz, Peter Frykholm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Study after study shows that prolonged fasting before anesthesia is common in children. Pediatric anesthesiologists around the world are concerned that the current guidelines may be part of the problem. This review focuses on what can be done about it. RECENT FINDINGS: We discuss new insights into the physiology of gastric emptying of different categories of food and drink. The evidence for negative effects of prolonged fasting occurring in spite of implementation of the current guidelines is examined...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438536/evaluation-of-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-for-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-children
#2
Arghya Das, Shampa Anupurba, Om P Mishra, Tuhina Banerjee, Rajneesh Tripathi
Introduction: Childhood tuberculosis (TB) is now a global priority. With the advent of Xpert MTB/RIF, more TB cases in children are being reported. This study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of Xpert in diagnosis of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary TB in children. Methods: Specimens from 171 suspected TB cases in children aged <15 years were tested with Xpert, culture and smear microscopy in the Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, India...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416730/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-contribute-to-the-pathogenesis-of-acid-aspiration-induced-ali-ards
#3
Haitao Li, Xiaoting Zhou, Hongyi Tan, Yongbin Hu, Lemeng Zhang, Shuai Liu, Minhui Dai, Yi Li, Qian Li, Zhi Mao, Pinhua Pan, Xiaoli Su, Chengpin Hu
Background: Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a manifestation of systemic inflammation in the lungs, but the factors that trigger inflammation in ALI/ARDS are unclear. We hypothesized that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) contribute to the pathogenesis of acid aspiration-induced ALI/ARDS. Results: Analysis of bronchial aspirates from ARDS patients showed that NETs were significantly correlated with the degree of ARDS (r = -0...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403579/computed-tomography-as-primary-postoperative-follow-up-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#4
Tarik Delko, Diana Mattiello, Thomas Koestler, Urs Zingg, Silke Potthast
AIM: To evaluate upper abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan as primary follow-up after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the Ethical Committee of the State of Zurich, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Sixty-one patients who underwent LRYGB received upper abdominal CT on postoperative day 1, with the following scan parameters: 0.6 mm collimation, 1.2 mm pitch, CareKV with reference 120 mAs and 120 kV, and 0...
January 28, 2018: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394616/-laparoscopic-local-resection-for-a-gastric-gist-with-ulcer-locating-near-to-the-esophagogastric-junction-a-case-report
#5
Yoshihiro Tanaka, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Shuhei Komatsu, Kazuma Okamoto, Katsutoshi Shoda, Tomohiro Arita, Hirotaka Konishi, Ryo Morimura, Yasutoshi Murayama, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Hisashi Ikoma, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Eigo Otsuji
A 39-year-old woman visited our hospital because of epigastric pain. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a gastric submucosal tumor, 30mm in size, with ulcer locating near to the esophagogastric junction, and it was diagnosed with GIST by the endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration. Then, she underwent laparoscopic surgery for the removal of gastric GIST. After peeling around the upper stomach, the local resection of the stomach was performed with linear staplers in the minor axis direction under the vision of the endoscope and laparoscope...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390289/endovascular-stent-graft-repair-of-aortogastric-fistula-caused-by-peptic-ulcer-after-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#6
Xiao-Qing Wei, Lei Song, Xue-Song Zhang, Kui-Yang Wang, Jie Wu
RATIONALE: Aortogastric fistula (AGF) is a rare but devastating clinical complication after esophagectomy. In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis. Therefore, timely appropriate treatment of AGF remains a challenge.Herein, we report a case of AGF that resulted from peptic ulceration after esophagectomy and was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old man had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube 14 months previously...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390283/a-case-report-of-gastric-linitis-plastica-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#7
Shinji Muraoka, Kouhei Tsuchida, Mari Iwasaki, Naoya Izawa, Hidehito Jinnai, Toshinori Komatsubara, Misako Tsunemi, Fumi Sakuma, Ken Kashima, Ko Fukushi, Hideyuki Hiraishi
RATIONALE: There is currently no consensus on the ideal method for obtaining deep tissue biopsy material of advanced gastric LP. EUS-FNA has potential as a useful diagnostic method. Thus, we report the case of a 46-year-old male with advanced gastric linitis plastica (LP) who was diagnosed using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) because of epigastric pain at a local clinic...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387523/undiagnosed-chicken-meat-aspiration-as-a-cause-of-difficult-to-ventilate-in-a-boy-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Nazhan Afeef Mohd Ariff, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Mohd Erham Mat Hassan, Praveena A/P Seevaunnamtum, Wan Fadzlina Wan Muhd Shukeri, Nik Abdullah Nik Mohamad, Shamsul Kamalrujan Hassan, Kamaruddin Jaalam, Mohamad Hasyizan Hassan, Sanihah Che Omar, Chandran Nadarajan, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Bronchoscopy is a commonly used procedure in the context of aspiration in the Intensive Care Unit setting. Despite its ability to remove mucus plug and undigested gastric contents, aspiration of gastric content into the trachea is one of the most feared complications among anesthesiologist. Discussion: The scenario is made worst if the aspiration causes acute hypoxemic respiratory failure immediately post intubation. However, in the event of desaturation, the quick decision to proceed with bronchoscopy is a challenging task to the anesthesiologist without knowing the causes...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375740/mediastinal-node-staging-by-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-and-selective-endoscopic-ultrasound-with-fine-needle-aspiration-for-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-from-a-regional-centre
#9
Chris Harrington, Lyn Smith, Jennifer Bisland, Elisabet López González, Neil Jamieson, Stuart Paterson, Adrian John Stanley
AIM: To investigate the impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in the nodal staging of upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively recorded data held on all patients with a diagnosis of upper GI cancer made between January 2009 and December 2015. Only those patients who had both a PET-CT and EUS with FNA sampling of a mediastinal node distant from the primary tumour were included...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371789/case-report-of-a-small-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor-in-a-deep-layer-of-submucosa-with-diagnosis-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-and-treatment-with-laparoscopic-and-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery
#10
Ryo Igarashi, Atsushi Irisawa, Goro Shibukawa, Nobutoshi Soeta, Ai Sato, Akane Yamabe, Mariko Fujisawa, Noriyuki Arakawa, Yoshitsugu Yoshida, Tsunehiko Ikeda, Yoko Abe, Takumi Maki, Shogo Yamamoto, Ikuro Oshibe, Takuro Saito, Hiroshi Hojo
Gastric neuroendocrine tumors (GNETs) are rare lesions characterized by enterochromaffin-like cells of the stomach. Optimal management of GNETs has not yet been definitively determined. Endoscopic resection is approximately recommended for small GNETs associated with hypergastrinemia. However, endoscopic resection might present risk of perforation or positive vertical margin because neuroendocrine tumors occur in the deep mucosa, with some invading the submucosa. In this case, a patient with type A chronic atrophic gastritis had a small subepithelial lesion in a deep submucosal layer, and we diagnosed it as GNET using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy using a forward-viewing and curved linear-array echoendoscope...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361809/-the-prevalence-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-with-orwithout-reflux-esophagitis
#11
Jae Bin Kang, Dong Ho Lee, Soo Hoon Kwon, Nayoung Kim, Young Soo Park, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Yoon Jin Choi
Background/Aims: Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as 'a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications'. It is associated with various lung diseases, including bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. GERD may also affect nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease. We presumed that the normal mucosal barrier of the bronchial epithelium is broken due to the aspiration of gastric juice and consequent chronic bronchial inflammation...
January 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357899/pediatric-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-hiv-co-infection-in-a-resource-limited-setting-a-case-report
#12
Christelle Géneviève Jouego, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Juergen Noeske, Ndo Akono Manuel, Leo Njock Ayuk
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. The diagnosis and treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in children remain a major limitation in this setting, largely due to difficulties in isolating Mycobacterium tuberculosis from pediatric specimens, management with toxic second line drugs, and practically the inexistence of contact tracing. In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended a standardized 9-month regimen for adults and children in zones which are highly endemic for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
January 22, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352753/factors-predicting-length-of-stay-following-bariatric-surgery-retrospective-review-of-a-single-uk-tertiary-centre-experience
#13
Fahad Mahmood, Alistair J Sharples, Adriana Rotundo, Nagammapudur Balaji, Vittal S R Rao
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are the most commonly performed bariatric procedures. Improvement in techniques and perioperative management of patients have resulted in shorter hospital stay and reduced overall costs. Many post-operative protocols aspire to post-operative day 1 discharge with studies showing reduction in length of stay without increasing complications. In this study, we investigate the factors predictive of early discharge at our high-volume bariatric centre...
January 19, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338706/miliary-tuberculosis-with-co-existing-pulmonary-cryptococcosis-in-non-hiv-patient-without-underlying-diseases-a-case-report
#14
Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Satoru Koga, Shotaro Ide, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and cryptococcosis co-infection usually occurs in immunosuppressed patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity. However, there are few reports about such co-infection in non-HIV patients without underlying diseases. Here, we report a case of miliary tuberculosis with co-existing pulmonary cryptococcosis in non-HIV patient without underlying diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old Asian female presented to our hospital with complaints of a 1-week history of abdominal pain and appetite loss...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333468/extraosseous-accumulation-of-technetium-99m-methyl-diphosphonate-99mtc-mdp-in-a-child-with-all-a-case-report
#15
Farnaz Banezhad, Narjess Ayati, Farrokh Seilanian Toosi, Samine Boloursaz, S Rasoul Zakavi
Extraosseous accumulation of technetium-99m-methyl diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) on bone scan is not common. This phenomenon is often attributed to abnormality of calcium metabolism and has been reported in a variety of conditions including metabolic diseases and malignancies. A five years old boy is presented here, who was admitted to the pediatric emergency suffering from fatigue, respiratory symptoms, weight loss, intermittent fevers, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, edema of legs and abdominal distension for one month...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331883/curative-distal-pancreatectomy-in-patients-with-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-pancreas-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-aspiration-via-esophago-jejunostomy-a-successful-case-report
#16
Takeomi Hamada, Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Makoto Ikenoue, Naoya Imamura, Koichi Yano, Yoshiro Fujii, Yoshimasa Kubota, Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yuichiro Sato
INTRODUCTION: This is a case report on the advances in preoperative endoscopic-guided fine-needle-aspiration (FNA) diagnosis for pancreatic carcinoma to achieve a curative operation even in patients who have a history of total gastrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man, who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer 13 years ago, had discomfort in the left lateral abdomen. A 3-cm hypovascular mass accompanying a large distal pseudocyst in the pancreatic tail was observed on computed tomography...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327964/endoscopic-removal-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-bodies-in-two-african-grey-parrots-psittacus-erithacus-and-a-hyacinth-macaw-anodorhynchus-hyacinthinus
#17
Robert J Cotton, Stephen J Divers
Two African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) and one hyacinth macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) were examined because of varying clinical signs ranging from general lethargy to seizure-like episodes and regurgitation. Radiography and fluoroscopy in the 3 birds demonstrated variable degrees of gastric abnormalities, suggesting the presence of foreign material or stricture-like defects. Upper gastrointestinal rigid endoscopy by ingluviotomy revealed foreign bodies that were removed endoscopically. Minor postoperative complications were pulmonary congestion or mild aspiration and cardiac arrhythmia, both of which resolved, and no serious deleterious effects were associated with endoscopy in the short or long term...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311403/pyogenic-liver-abscess-secondary-to-foreign-body-fish-bone-treated-by-laparoscopy-a-case-report
#18
Renato G Bandeira-de-Mello, Gabriel Bondar, Eduardo Schneider, Isabel Cristina Wiener-Stensmann, Juliano Bohrer Gressler, Cleber Rosito Pinto Kruel
Liver abscess due to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract by a foreign body is a rare and possibly fatal event. Diagnosing this pathology is complicated by the lack of specific symptoms and unfamiliarity of ingestion by the patient and low clinical suspicion of this disease. In the case of liver abscess unresponsive to aspiration and administration of antibiotics, this hypothesis must be made, despite its low incidence. This case report describes and illustrates a case of liver abscess secondary to fish bone ingestion with consequent piercing of the lesser gastric curvature, diagnosed by computed tomography and specific anamnesis...
January 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302921/isolated-breast-metastasis-from-gastric-cancer-in-a-male-patient
#19
Hirokazu Kubo, Tetsuya Shimizu, Hitoshi Sekido, Goro Matsuda, Kazuhisa Takeda, Akira Watanabe, Risa Sakamoto, Yuji Yamamoto, Junya Toyoda, Hitoshi Niino
A 72-year-old man underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer (por2, T3, N2, Stage IIIA). Eleven courses of postoperative chemotherapy with TS-1 (tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil) were administered. Five months after surgery, the serum carcinoembryonic antigen value was slightly elevated. However, computed tomography did not reveal any metastatic lesions in other organs. Two years after surgery, the patient felt a mass in the left mammary. A 2-cm tumor was palpable in the central portion of the breast. Ultrasonography revealed a hypoechoic tumor, which was Class 3 on aspiration biopsy cytological examination...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284856/proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-versus-cuffed-endotracheal-tube-for-laparoscopic-surgical-procedures-under-general-anesthesia-a-random-comparative-study
#20
Suchita Shailesh Parikh, Shivam Bipin Parekh, Chaula Doshi, Varsha Vyas
Context: The Proseal LMA(PLMA), which has been designed especially for positive pressure ventilation and protection against aspiration can act as an alternative to Endotracheal Tube (ETT) as an effective airway device for patients undergoing elective Laparoscopic surgeries. Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of PLMA with ETT in patients undergoing Laparoscopic surgeries under general anaesthesia. Settings and Design: A prospective, randomized study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital with 60 patients of ASA grade I/II undergoing elective Laparoscopic surgery under general anaesthesia...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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