keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastric aspiration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822398/variability-in-perioperative-fasting-practices-negatively-impacts-nutritional-support-of-critically-ill-intubated-patients
#1
Molly J Douglas, David Ciraulo
The aim of the study was to quantify nutritional losses related to pre- and postoperative fasts in critically ill intubated patients and to explore whether shorter fasts are safe and appropriate in this population. A retrospective review of mechanically ventilated adults undergoing surgery more than 24 hours after admission to a Level I trauma center over 15 months was done, which yielded 132 procedures and 81 unique patients. Ninety per cent of preoperative periods and 43 per cent of postoperative periods were affected by nonmedical barriers to feeding...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818054/comparison-of-the-trapezius-and-the-adductor-pollicis-muscle-as-predictor-of-good-intubating-conditions-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Stefan Soltesz, Christian Stark, Karl G Noé, Michael Anapolski, Thomas Mencke
BACKGROUND: Adequate muscle relaxation is important for ensuring optimal conditions for intubation. Although acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis muscle is commonly used to assess conditions for intubation, we hypothesized that acceleromyography of the trapezius is more indicative of optimal intubating conditions. The primary outcome was the difference between both measurement sites with regard to prediction of good or acceptable intubating conditions. METHODS: Neuromuscular blockade after injection of rocuronium 0...
August 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806319/transient-segmental-enhancement-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-comparison-between-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography
#3
Kun Sun, Wei Zhu, Yan Luo, Yongzhong Li, Xiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the transient segmental enhancement (TSE) of liver abscesses on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: In total, 42 abscesses in 38 patients were evaluated with real-time CEUS and contrast-enhanced CT imaging. The CT imaging and CEUS examinations were performed within one to 2 days of each other in all cases. The initial reports of the observations of TSE on CEUS scans were correlated later with the findings of TSE on contrast-enhanced CT images...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805238/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-contents-in-children-undergoing-elective-ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
F-P Desgranges, A-C Gagey Riegel, C Aubergy, M de Queiroz Siqueira, D Chassard, L Bouvet
Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum allows reliable assessment of gastric contents and volume. Postoperative assessment of gastric contents before recovery from anaesthesia could help the physician to choose the most appropriate extubation technique after surgery in children. In this prospective observational study, we assessed whether significant changes occurred in gastric contents during the intra-operative period in children undergoing elective ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery. Children aged between six months and 16 years were recruited consecutively...
August 14, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805143/a-pre-term-infant-of-32-weeks-gestation-with-congenital-tuberculosis-treated-successfully-with-antituberculosis-chemotherapy
#5
Xiaoyi Fang, Ruizhi Mai, Jizhong Guo, Niyang Lin
An infant of 32 weeks gestation was separated from her mother at birth for treatment of hyaline membrane disease and, on recovery, was cared for by adoptive parents. At 25 days, she was treated for pneumonia with immunoglobulins and multiple antibiotics and appeared to respond. Her symptoms recurred at 8 weeks and tuberculosis was confirmed by detection in an acid-fast bacilli smear of gastric aspirate. Her mother presented with disseminated tuberculosis with meningitis 1 month after delivery. Criteria for the diagnosis of congenital tuberculosis in the infant were confirmed...
August 14, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782002/comparison-of-submucosal-tunneling-biopsy-versus-eus-guided-fna-for-gastric-subepithelial-lesions-a-prospective-study-with-crossover-design
#6
Hideki Kobara, Hirohito Mori, Naoki Nishimoto, Shintaro Fujihara, Noriko Nishiyama, Maki Ayaki, Tatsuo Yachida, Tae Matsunaga, Taiga Chiyo, Nobuya Kobayashi, Koji Fujita, Kiyohito Kato, Hideki Kamada, Makoto Oryu, Kunihiko Tsutsui, Hisakazu Iwama, Reiji Haba, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) for gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions (SELs) has limited diagnostic accuracy due to technical problems and small lesion size. We previously reported a novel submucosal tunneling biopsy (STB) technique for sampling SELs. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic ability and safety of STB compared to that of FNA for SELs. PATIENTS AND METHODS : The study was a non-randomized, prospective comparative study with crossover design in patients with endoluminal gastric SELs...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763358/effects-of-esmolol-on-the-esophagogastric-junction-a-double-blind-randomized-crossover-study-on-14-healthy-volunteers
#7
Fredrik Ander, Anders Magnuson, Lars Berggren, Rebecca Ahlstrand, Alex de Leon
BACKGROUND: Passive regurgitation may occur throughout the perioperative period, increasing the risk for pulmonary aspiration and postoperative pulmonary complications. Hypnotics and opioids, especially remifentanil, that are used during anesthesia have been shown to decrease the pressure in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ), that otherwise acts as a barrier against passive regurgitation of gastric contents. Esmolol, usually used to counteract tachycardia and hypertension, has been shown to possess properties useful during general anesthesia...
July 28, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762228/-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-pros-and-cons-of-consuming-liquids-preoperatively
#8
Fang-Tzu Lin, Tsai-Rung Lin, Chia-Wei Liao, Shu-Hui Chen
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anesthesia long time fasting, may increase patient hemodynamic instability during surgery and may affect the patient's post-surgery electrolyte balance. No meta-analysis has been conducted to explore the effects of preoperative liquid intake amount on gastric fluid PH, gastric fluid volume, surgery inhalation of pulmonary complications, and patient self-perceptions quality of care systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. PURPOSE: To assess the pros and cons of preoperative liquid intake using a systematic review of the literature...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746115/comparison-of-two-different-methods-for-the-measurement-of-gastric-residual-volume
#9
Nurcan Uysal, Samiye Mete
The objective of this study was to determine the difference between gastric residual volume measurements without giving air compared to giving 30 ml of air via the feeding tube. This experimental study was on 60 subjects fed enterally at a university hospital. Data collection was with the 12-item "Gastric Residual Volume Measurement Instructions" and "Gastric Residual Volume Observation Form." The same subjects composed experimental and control groups. Gastric residual volume measurements were taken before feedings at 10:00 a...
July 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736123/analysis-of-two-treatment-modalities-for-the-prevention-of-vomiting-after-trauma-orogastric-tube-or-anti-emetics
#10
H D Vermeijden, L P H Leenen, M van Polen, M G W Dijkgraaf, F Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Vomiting in the emergency department after trauma occurs frequently and might lead to aspiration of gastric content. An orogastric tube (OGT) is a way to prevent emesis. However, this is an inconvenient procedure and may actually trigger vomiting. Therefore, a change in policy was applied from preferably an OGT to the administration of anti-emetics in a selected population. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevention of vomiting in trauma patients after OGT or anti-emetics...
July 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731350/gastric-and-duodenal-ethanol-concentrations-after-intake-of-alcoholic-beverages-in-postprandial-conditions
#11
Jari Rubbens, Danny Riethorst, Joachim Brouwers, Kris Wolfs, Erwin Adams, Jan Tack, Patrick Augustijns
INTRODUCTION: This study determined intraluminal ethanol concentrations (stomach and duodenum) in fed healthy volunteers after the consumption of common alcoholic beverages (beer, wine and whisky). The results of this study were compared with a previous study in fasted volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy volunteers were recruited in a cross-over study. The fed state was simulated by ingestion of 250 mL of Nutridrink Compact® Neutral. Volunteers subsequently consumed two standard units of beer (Stella Artois®, 500 mL, 5...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721190/a-case-of-fatal-internal-jugular-vein-perforation-during-nasogastric-tube-insertion
#12
Katherine A Smith, Jeffrey P Fleming, Robert D Bennett, Andrew A Taitano
Nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is a routine procedure in the management of surgical patients. We report the second case of internal jugular vein perforation during NGT insertion. A 79-year-old man presented with diffuse abdominal pain secondary to a perforated viscus. Abdominal CT revealed pneumoperitoneum, necessitating emergent exploratory laparotomy. On post-operative Day 7, the patient developed mild abdominal distension and subjective nausea for which NGT placement was ordered for decompression. Tube placement was confirmed by insufflation of air without aspiration of gastric contents...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699995/procedures-for-measuring-and-verifying-gastric-tube-placement-in-newborns-an-integrative-review
#13
Flávia de Souza Barbosa Dias, Suellen Cristina Dias Emidio, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo, Ana Raquel Medeiros Beck, Elenice Valentim Carmona
Objective: to investigate evidence in the literature on procedures for measuring gastric tube insertion in newborns and verifying its placement, using alternative procedures to radiological examination. Method: an integrative review of the literature carried out in the Cochrane, LILACS, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Scopus databases using the descriptors "Intubation, gastrointestinal" and "newborns" in original articles. Results: seventeen publications were included and categorized as "measuring method" or "technique for verifying placement"...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680874/the-potential-benefits-of-applying-recent-advances-in-esophageal-motility-testing-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia
#14
REVIEW
Nathalie Rommel, Maissa Rayyan, Charlotte Scheerens, Taher Omari
Infants and children with esophageal atresia commonly present with swallowing dysfunction or dysphagia. Dysphagia can lead to a range of significant consequences such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, and food impaction. To improve oral intake, the clinical diagnosis of dysphagia in patients with esophageal atresia should focus on both the pharynx and the esophagus. To characterize the complex interactions of bolus flow and motor function between mouth, pharynx, and esophagus, a detailed understanding of normal and abnormal deglutition is required through the use of adequate and objective assessment techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680005/efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-for-schwannoma-six-cases-of-a-retrospective-study
#15
Mika Takasumi, Takuto Hikichi, Tadayuki Takagi, Rei Suzuki, Ko Watanabe, Jun Nakamura, Mitsuru Sugimoto, Hitomi Kikuchi, Naoki Konno, Yuichi Waragai, Hiroyuki Asama, Katsutoshi Obara, Hiromasa Ohira
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas are difficult to diagnose using imaging alone. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is an effective and safe tissue sampling technique. Nevertheless, few reports have described EUS-FNA for schwannoma. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the efficacy of EUS-FNA for diagnosing schwannoma. METHODS: This retrospective study examined six consecutive schwannoma patients who were diagnosed as having schwannoma either from EUS-FNA results or from surgically resected specimens...
July 5, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675504/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-emptying-after-breakfast-in-healthy-preschool-children
#16
Anne E Sümpelmann, Robert Sümpelmann, Michael Lorenz, Ilona Eberwien, Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Sebastian G Russo
BACKGROUND: In current guidelines, 6 hours of fasting is recommended for solids to limit the risk of pulmonary aspiration during anesthesia in children. Ultrasonography has recently been introduced to evaluate gastric volumes in children in the context of preanesthetic fasting. Therefore, in this study, we firstly evaluated the precision of ultrasound assessment of gastric volume in an experimental setting and secondly studied gastric emptying times after a normal breakfast in healthy preschool children using ultrasound...
July 4, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674680/giant-gastric-bezoar-complicating-congenital-esophageal-atresia-repaired-by-gastric-interposition-a-case-report
#17
Archana Chacko, Brent I Masters, Alan Isles
We describe a giant gastric phytobezoar in a child with repaired congenital esophageal atresia. At age two, a gastric interposition (pull-up) procedure was performed for severe and recurrent esophageal strictures. For 12 months post-gastric interposition, he experienced frequent respiratory illnesses requiring hospital admissions but it was not initially appreciated that these episodes were likely secondary to recurrent aspiration from a gastric bezoar with "spill-over" aspiration.
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671172/gastric-and-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-complicated-by-hypercalcemia-and-acute-renal-failure-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
A S Deepa, Vivek Anand Padegal, K S Poorna Chandra, H K Santhosh
Gastric sarcoidosis is a very rare manifestation of sarcoidosis. Only few case reports have been described in the literature. We present a case of coexisting gastric and pulmonary sarcoidosis in a 56-year-old female, who presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. Gastric mucosal biopsies, transbronchial needle aspiration, and endobronchial mucosal biopsies revealed noncaseating granulomas. This case report emphasizes on early evaluation of other organ system and initiation of treatment.
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670434/idiopathic-pulmonary-hemosiderosis-mimicking-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-delayed-diagnosis
#19
Sultan Aydin Koker, Salih Gözmen, Yeşim Oymak, Tuba Hilkay Karapinar, Demet Can, Sinan Genç, Raziye Canan Vergin
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is an uncommon chronic disorder in children. It is characterized by recurrent pulmonary hemorrhage and may result in hemoptysis and pulmonary insufficiency. The most common hematologic manifestation of IPH is iron deficiency anemia. The etiology of IPH is not known and its diagnosis may be difficult due to the variable clinical courses. The most helpful signs for identifying IPH are iron deficiency anemia and recurrent or chronic cough, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing...
June 1, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665932/surfactant-phospholipid-composition-of-gastric-aspirate-samples-differs-between-male-and-female-very-preterm-infants
#20
Foula Sozo, Noreen Ishak, Risha Bhatia, Peter G Davis, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Among preterm infants, males have a greater incidence of respiratory distress and death than females born at the same gestational age, likely due to sex-related differences in lung maturation. Our aim was to determine whether surfactant phospholipid composition differs between male and female preterm infants. METHODS: Gastric aspirate samples from male and female infants born between 25 and 30 weeks of gestation at The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, were collected within 1 h after birth...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Research
keyword
keyword
68373
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"