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Medical negligence OR Clinical negligence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919213/characteristics-and-performance-of-flurbiprofen-8-75-mg-spray-for-sore-throat
#1
David Veale, Adrian Shephard, Verity Adams, Charlotte Lidster
BACKGROUND: Sore throat sprays provide targeted relief by delivering the active ingredient directly to the site of pain. Although there are several throat sprays available, they vary with respect to the spray characteristics, thus affecting delivery of the active ingredient to the throat as well as more functional attributes of the product, which have the potential to impact compliance. OBJECTIVE: The characteristics and performance of flurbiprofen 8.75 mg sore throat spray were compared with 12 other sprays...
December 5, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916471/the-efficacy-of-faropenem-for-patients-with-acute-cystitis-caused-by%C3%A2-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli
#2
Keiko Fujino, Yoshiki Hiyama, Teruhisa Uehara, Koji Ichihara, Jiro Hashimoto, Satoshi Fujii, Masaaki Shinagawa, Satoshi Takahashi, Naoya Masumori
The number of patients with acute cystitis caused by extended spectrum β lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) is increasing gradually. Although it is reported that ESBL-producing E. coli are sensitive to faropenem (FRPM), there are few clinical studies on the efficiency of FRPM against acute cystitis caused by the bacteria. Therefore, we retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of patients with acute cystitis caused by ESBL-producing E. coli who were treated with the oral antimicrobial agent faropenem (FRPM) in our institution from June 2011 to May 2015...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913342/efficient-strategies-for-estimating-the-spatial-coherence-of-backscatter
#3
Dongwoon Hyun, Anna Lisa C Crowley, Jeremy J Dahl
The spatial coherence of ultrasound backscatter has been proposed to reduce clutter in medical imaging, to measure the anisotropy of the scattering source, and to improve the detection of blood flow. These techniques rely on correlation estimates that are obtained using computationally expensive strategies. In this study, we assess existing spatial coherence estimation methods and propose three computationally efficient modifications: a reduced kernel, a downsampled receive aperture, and the use of an ensemble correlation coefficient...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909568/implementation-of-minimal-invasive-gynaecological-surgery-certification-will-challenge-gynaecologists-with-new-legal-and-ethical-issues
#4
V Tanos, R Socolov, P Demetriou, M Kyprianou, A Watrelot, Y Van Belle, R Campo
The introduction of a certification / diploma program in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) is expected to improve surgical performance, patient's safety and outcome. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA) and the ESHRE Certification for Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery (ECRES) provides a structured learning path, recognising different pillars of competence. In order to achieve a high level of competence a two steps validation is necessary: (a) the individual should be certified of having the appropriate theoretical knowledge and (b) the endoscopic psychomotor skills before entering in the diploma programme reflecting the surgical competence...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903252/shifting-tides-in-the-emigration-patterns-of-canadian-physicians-to-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#5
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891021/progress-in-medicine-compensation-and-medical-negligence-in-india-does-the-system-need-a-quick-fix-or-an-overhaul
#6
REVIEW
Meghana S Chandra, Suresh Bada Math
In a recent judgment on medical negligence, the Supreme Court awarded compensation amounting to Rs. 11 crore to a victim, which was to be paid by the doctors and the private hospital deemed responsible for the wrongful death of a patient. This landmark decision was by far the largest compensation award in the history of Indian medical negligence litigation. Hence, the process of calculating compensation for medical negligence has received great attention and debate, largely due to the impact that it is going to have on the practice of medicine within the country, in the near future...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891020/preventing-medico-legal-issues-in-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Bevinahalli N Raveesh, Ragavendra B Nayak, Shivakumar F Kumbar
The medical profession is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. The practice of medicine is capable of rendering noble service to humanity provided due care, sincerity, efficiency, and professional skill is observed by the doctors. However, today, the patient-doctor relationship has almost diminished its fiduciary character and has become more formal and structured. Doctors are no longer regarded as infallible and beyond questioning. Corporatization of health care has made it like any other business, and the medical profession is increasingly being guided by the profit motive rather than that of service...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891019/medical-negligence-indian-legal-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Amit Agrawal
A basic knowledge of how judicial forums deal with the cases relating to medical negligence is of absolute necessity for doctors. The need for such knowledge is more now than before in light of higher premium being placed by the Indian forums on the value of human life and suffering, and perhaps rightly so. Judicial forums, while seeking to identify delinquents and delinquency in the cases of medical negligence, actually aim at striking a careful balance between the autonomy of a doctor to make judgments and the rights of a patient to be dealt with fairly...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882026/reflection-of-medical-error-highlighted-on-media-in-turkey-a-retrospective-study
#9
Oguz Isik, Gamze Bayin, Ozgur Ugurluoglu
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed with the aim of identifying how news on medical errors have be transmitted, and how the types, reasons, and conclusions of medical errors have been reflected to by the media in Turkey. METHODS: A content analysis method was used in the study, and in this context, the data for the study was acquired by scanning five newspapers with the top editions on the national basis between the years 2012 and 2015 for the news about medical errors...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872531/positive-peritoneal-lavage-cytology-implications-for-staging-and-management-of-gastric-cancer
#10
Suman B Koganti, Satish Boddepalli, Muralidhar Nambada, Venu Madhav Thumma, Bheerappa Nagari, R A Sastry
The survival rates of gastric cancer patients with cytology-positive peritoneal lavage fluid without macroscopic dissemination (CY+/P-) is the same as that of patients with overt peritoneal metastasis.The 5-year survival rate of such patients is only 2%. The current study aims to highlight its significance in the staging of gastrointestinal malignancies and its implications for patient care. Prospective nonrandom analysis of peritoneal wash cytology in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies was conducted in the department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad from January 2012 to June 2013...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870692/wide-variation-of-surgical-cost-in-the-treatment-of-periarticular-lower-extremity-injuries-between-6-fellowship-trained-trauma-surgeons
#11
Robert J Wetzel, Laurence B Kempton, Edwin S Lee, Michael Zlowodzki, Todd O McKinley, Walter W Virkus
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that negligible surgical material cost variation exists between traumatolgists for treatment of bimalleolar ankle and bicondylar tibial plateau fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Academic level 1 Trauma Center; 2-year period. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Current Procedure Terminology codes for open treatment of bimalleolar ankle and bicondylar tibial plateau fractures identified patients...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857644/overview-of-ethno-folkloric-burns-in-the-republic-of-slovenia
#12
A Stritar, A Brčić, F Drnovšek, V Malvasio
The article describes typical folkloric- and ethnographic-related burns/scalds in Slovenia. All of the mentioned burns/scalds derive from the life of a nation, and are primarily a result of specific customs, traditions and activities carried out in a rural environment. Prolonged periods of lying on a hot tiled wood burner results in deep contact burns. The preparation work for pig slaughtering ('koline') is dangerous due to the large quantities of boiling water required for the slaughter process and meat production technology...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848008/-preoperative-therapy-switch-before-glaucoma-filtration-surgery-influence-of-the-systemic-antiglaucomatous-and-local-antiphlogistic-therapy-on-the-intraocular-pressure
#13
I Oberacher-Velten, F Zeman, F Lehmann, T Barth, P Peters, H Helbig, R Greslechner
BACKGROUND: The preoperative switch from local to systemic antiglaucomatous therapy and the additional application of local antiphlogistic drugs represents an important component of perioperative wound healing modulation within the framework of glaucoma filtration surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) under a maximum local and oral antiglaucomatous therapy with or without additional application of local steroids...
November 15, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#14
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830235/unintended-consequences-new-problems-new-solutions-contributions-from-2015
#15
R Koppel, Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To select the best of the 2015 published papers on unintended consequences of healthcare information technology (HIT). METHOD: Literature searches in several areas of scholarship, including IT, human factors, evaluation studies, medical errors, medical informatics, and implementation science. Also, because the specific terms "unintended consequences" were not often included in abstracts and titles, a more nuanced search algorithm was developed. RESULTS: We identified 754 papers that had some empirical research on unintended consequences of HIT...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815987/self-reported-exposure-to-severe-events-on-the-labour-ward-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#16
Åsa Wahlberg, Magna Andreen Sachs, Kerstin Bergh Johannesson, Gunilla Hallberg, Maria Jonsson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Ulf Högberg
BACKGROUND: The process of delivery entails potentially traumatic events in which the mother or child becomes injured or dies. Midwives and obstetricians are sometimes responsible for these events and can be negatively affected by them as well as by the resulting investigation or complaints procedure (clinical negligence). OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported exposure rate of severe events among midwives and obstetricians on the delivery ward and the cumulative risk by professional years and subsequent investigations and complaints...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809738/sexual-transmission-of-hiv-and-the-law-an-australian-medical-consensus-statement
#17
Mark Boyd, David Cooper, Elizabeth A Crock, Levinia Crooks, Michelle L Giles, Andrew Grulich, Sharon R Lewin, David Nolan, Trent Yarwood
Criminal cases involving human immunodeficiency virus transmission or exposure require that courts correctly comprehend the rapidly evolving science of HIV transmission and the impact of an HIV diagnosis. This consensus statement, written by leading HIV clinicians and scientists, provides current scientific evidence to facilitate just outcomes in Australian criminal cases involving HIV.Main recommendations: Caution should be exercised when considering charges or prosecutions regarding HIV transmission or exposure because:Scientific evidence shows that the risk of HIV transmission during sex between partners of different HIV serostatus can be low, negligible or too low to quantify, even when the HIV-positive partner is not taking effective antiretroviral therapy, depending on the nature of the sexual act, the viral load of the partner with HIV, and whether a condom or pre-exposure prophylaxis is employed to reduce risk...
November 7, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805806/protein-binders-specific-for-immunoglobulin-g-from-different-species-for-immunoassays-and-multiplex-imaging
#18
Sukyo Jeong, Woosung Heu, Jong-Won Kim, Hak-Sung Kim
An immunoassay is the most widely used method for analyzing a variety of analytes based on antigen-antibody interactions in the biological and medical sciences. However, the use of secondary antibodies has certain shortcomings, such as a high cost, cross-reactivity, and loss of binding affinity during labelling. Herein, we present the development of repebodies specifically binding to immunoglobulin G with a different origin, which is a small-sized non-antibody scaffold composed of leucine-rich repeat (LRR) modules, for use in immunoassays and imaging...
November 2, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788411/frequency-of-medical-malpractice-claims-the-effects-of-volumes-and-specialties
#19
Luigi Buzzacchi, Giuseppe Scellato, Elisa Ughetto
A medical malpractice occurs when a physician or healthcare personnel, because of lack of skill or negligence, causes injury to a patient, who can decide to claim for the damages suffered by suing the facility and/or healthcare personnel. In this paper we analyze the frequency of medical malpractice insurance claims in an Italian region, in order to estimate the presence of significant trends and to identify volume effects at both department and healthcare organization levels. We rely on a unique dataset reporting the universe of 2144 injuries caused by medical or surgical errors that resulted in a request to the insurer for coverage over the years 2004-2010 in ten public healthcare organizations...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786151/epidemiology-of-depression-with-psychotic-experiences-and-its-association-with-chronic-physical-conditions-in-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
A Koyanagi, H Oh, B Stubbs, J M Haro, J E DeVylder
BACKGROUND: The co-existence of depression and psychotic experiences (PEs) is associated with more pronounced adverse health outcomes compared to depression alone. However, data on its prevalence and correlates are lacking in the general adult population, and there is no published data on its association with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: Cross-sectional, community-based data from 201 337 adults aged ⩾18 years from 47 low- and middle-income countries from the World Health Survey were analyzed...
October 27, 2016: Psychological Medicine
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