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Anti hypertensive in renal failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921166/sacubitril-valsartan-in-cardiovascular-disease-evidence-to-date-and-place-in-therapy
#1
Srikanth Yandrapalli, Mohammed Hasan Khan, Yogita Rochlani, Wilbert S Aronow
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing and the developed world. Mortality from CV disease had plateaued in the recent years raising concerning alarms about the sustained efficacy of available preventive and treatment options. Heart failure (HF) is among the major contributors to the CV-related health care burden, a persisting concern despite the use of clinically proven guideline-directed therapies. A requirement for more efficient medical therapies coupled with recent advances in bio-innovation led to the creation of sacubitril/valsartan, an angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI), which demonstrated substantial CV benefit when compared with the standard of care, enalapril, in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction...
June 1, 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880432/renal-protection-by-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-and-its-underlying-mechanisms-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Akira Mima
AIM: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most frequent cause of mortality and morbidity, leading a global health burden. This review will focus on the potential therapeutic interventions using Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors that could prevent the development and progression of DKD. RESULTS: SGLT2 inhibitors have been widely used as anti-diabetic drugs. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that these drugs, which improve glycemic control and hypertension and decrease body weight, decrease the risk of renal function impairment and heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879042/pulmonary-renal-syndrome-a-case-report-of-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-in-association-with-anca-negative-pauci-immune-glomerulonephritis
#3
Lakshmi Saladi, Danial Shaikh, Muhammad Saad, Enny Cancio-Rodriguez, Vivette D D'Agati, Boris Medvedovsky, Kalpana A Uday, Muhammad Adrish
RATIONALE: Pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS) is a term most commonly used to describe a combination of glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage as a manifestation of a multisystem autoimmune disease. It is usually associated with ANCA vasculitis and anti-GBM disease. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in a patient with ANCA and anti-GBM negative pauci-immune glomerulonephritis is rare and optimal management is unknown. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 85-year-old man with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, prostate cancer and recently diagnosed pauci-immune necrotizing glomerulonephritis presented to our emergency department with worsening dyspnea and pedal edema for several days...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879018/role-of-heterotopic-kidney-auto-transplantation-for-renal-artery-aneurysms
#4
Jun G Gwon, Duck J Han, Yong-Pil Cho, Young H Kim, Tae-Won Kwon
To assess the applicability and surgical outcomes of ex vivo repair with heterotopic kidney auto-transplantation (HKA) for the treatment of renal artery aneurysms (RAA).We retrospectively examined 36 cases presenting with RAA from September 2005 to June 2016. Patient demographics, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and common vascular risk factors were evaluated. Patients were classified into 3 groups: those who received endovascular treatment, in situ open surgical repair, or ex vivo repair with HKA...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768958/bevacizumab-induced-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-and-treatment-with-eculizumab
#5
Anusha Vakiti, Daulath Singh, Ravi Pilla, Muhamad Alhaj-Moustafa, Kelly W Fitzpatrick
Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used for the management of various solid malignancies including colorectal, lung, brain, renal, and ovarian cancers as well as age-related macular degeneration of the eye. It is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor which exhibits its action by blocking the growth of blood vessels in cancerous tissue. Common side effects include hypertension, fatigue, headaches, and increased risk of infections. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious side effect associated with bevacizumab due to its anti-angiogenic effect...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745916/fournier-s-gangrene-a-rare-complication-of-diabetes-mellitus-case-report
#6
Sh Muharremi
The presented case reports on 54-years old patient with T2 Diabetes mellitus who, due to hypoglycemic episodes on Insulin therapy, was treated with oral anti-hyperglycemic medications. Patient was on hemodialysis due to the stage 5 chronic kidney failure and had various comorbid conditions: arterial hypertension, history of acute myocardial infarction, dilative cardiomyopathy, amaurosis and peripheral neuropathy. Besides his complicated medical history, patient developed an early stage of Fournier's gangrene...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702988/enteritis-as-initial-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-early-pregnancy-a-case-report
#7
Anna Maria Bellou, Dominik Bös, Guido Kukuk, Ulrich Gembruch, Waltraut Maria Merz
RATIONAL: Lupus enteritis is a rare, severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report of a patient who presented with enteritis as manifestation of new-onset SLE during the first trimester of pregnancy. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The 23-year nulliparous patient was admitted to a district hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and bloody diarrhea at a gestational age (GA) of 10 weeks. Her symptoms improved with symptomatic treatment and she was discharged a few days later...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672718/mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-in-kidney-transplantation-time-to-consider
#8
Sophie Girerd, Frédéric Jaisser
Although patient survival is significantly improved by kidney transplantation (KT) in comparison with dialysis, it remains significantly lower than that observed in the general population. Graft function is one of the major determinants of patient survival after KT. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) could be of particular interest in this population to improve graft function and treat or prevent cardiovascular (CV) complications. In KT, ischaemia/reperfusion injury is a major factor involved in delayed graft function, which is often associated with inferior long-term graft survival...
April 17, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649151/dna-methylation-and-histone-modification-in-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
Shaunrick Stoll, Charles Wang, Hongyu Qiu
Systemic hypertension, which eventually results in heart failure, renal failure or stroke, is a common chronic human disorder that particularly affects elders. Although many signaling pathways involved in the development of hypertension have been reported over the past decades, which has led to the implementation of a wide variety of anti-hypertensive therapies, one half of all hypertensive patients still do not have their blood pressure controlled. The frontier in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying hypertension has now advanced to the level of epigenomics...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643251/pharmacological-characterization-of-iw-1973-a-novel-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-stimulator-with-extensive-tissue-distribution-antihypertensive-anti-inflammatory-and-antifibrotic-effects-in-preclinical-models-of-disease
#10
Jenny V Tobin, Daniel P Zimmer, Courtney Shea, Peter Germano, Sylvie G Bernier, Guang Liu, Kim Long, Joy Miyashiro, Sheila Ranganath, Sarah Jacobson, Kim Tang, G-Yoon Jamie Im, James Sheppeck, Joel D Moore, Kristine Sykes, James Wakefield, Renee Sarno, Ali R Banijamali, Albert T Profy, G Todd Milne, Mark G Currie, Jaime L Masferrer
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), a key signal-transduction enzyme, increases the conversion of guanosine-5'-triphosphate to cGMP upon binding of nitric oxide (NO). Endothelial dysfunction and/or reduced NO signaling have been implicated in cardiovascular disease pathogenesis and complications of diabetes and have been associated with other disease states and aging. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulators are small-molecule drugs that bind sGC and enhance NO-mediated cGMP signaling. The pharmacological characterization of IW-1973 [1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-(((5-fluoro-2-(1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-5-(isoxazol-3-yl)-1 H -pyrazol-3-yl) pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)methyl)propan-2-ol], a novel clinical-stage sGC stimulator under clinical investigation for treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and diabetic nephropathy, is described...
June 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623823/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-are-independently-associated-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-a-cohort-of-apparently-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#11
Giovanni De Pergola, Vincenzo Triggiani, Nicola Bartolomeo, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Michele Anelli, Michele Masiello, Vittoria Candita, Dario De Bellis, Franco Silvestris
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with autoimmune disorders and, then, with the Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), the most common autoimmune disease. Obesity is characterized by lower vitamin D levels and higher risk to develop autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the possibility of an association between AT and decreased 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in a cohort of otherwise healthy overweight and obese subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty one overweight subjects (mean age: 40...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554106/factors-associated-with-uncontrolled-blood-pressure-among-ghanaians-evidence-from-a-multicenter-hospital-based-study
#12
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Linda M Mobula, Gilbert Burnham, Daniel Ansong, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, David Ofori-Adjei
BACKGROUND: The burden of uncontrolled hypertension in Low-and-Middle Income Countries (LMICs) is high, with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and chronic renal failure in these settings. OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure control in a cross-section of Ghanaian hypertensive subjects involved in an on-going multicenter epidemiological study aimed at improving access to hypertension treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 2,870 participants with hypertension with or without diabetes who were enrolled at 5 hospitals in Ghana (2 tertiary, 2 district and 1 rural hospital)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534916/metoclopramide-induced-pheochromocytoma-crisis
#13
James B Leonard, Kashif M Munir, Hong K Kim
Metoclopramide (MCP) is a commonly used anti-emetic in the emergency department (ED). Its use is generally well tolerated; although infrequent adverse reactions such as extrapyramidal reactions or tardive dyskinesia are reported. However, many ED providers are not familiar with the potentially life-threatening hypertensive emergency that can be precipitated by MCP administration in patients with pheochromocytoma. A previously healthy 36-year-old woman presented to the ED with headache and nausea. She developed acute hypertensive emergency (acute agitation, worsening headache, chest pain and wide complex tachycardia) when her blood pressure (BP) increased to 223/102mmHg (initial BP, 134/86mmHg) after receiving intravenous MCP...
June 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534402/-multicenter-retrospectie-analysis-on-clinical-characteristics-and-pharmaceutical-therapy-of-elderly-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#14
L Li, Q Mo, T Mo, Y Liu, J L Tian, Z Wan
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and pharmaceutical therapy of elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods: Using the multi-center retrospective cross-sectional survey, we analyzed 1 799 hospitalized patients with CHF as the main cause and NYHA heart function classification Ⅱ-Ⅳ from nine tertiary hospitals of Tianjin during March 2014 to February 2016. According to age, we divided them into non- elderly group(age<65 years), normal elderly group (age ≥65-79 years), and the old elderly group(age≥80 years)...
March 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444597/an-experimental-model-for-hypertensive-crises-emergencies-long-term-high-fat-diet-followed-by-acute-vasoconstriction-stress-on-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#15
Hong Liu, Wei-Wei Su, Chao-Feng Long, Wei-Jian Zhang, Pei-Bo Li, Zhong Wu, Yin-Yin Liao, Xuan Zeng, Tao-Bin Chen, Yu-Ying Zheng, Zeng-Hao Yan, Cong Bi, Hong-Liang Yao
Currently, the prevention and treatment of hypertensive crises especially when it occurs with serious adverse outcomes have led to worldwide controversy. Despite of clinical possibilities of multiple agents, clinical failures still occur frequently. Therefore, early evaluations and observations of different therapies on appropriate animals should be emphasized. In the present study, an animal model for hypertensive crises emergencies was firstly established and experimentally testified. Five-month-male spontaneously hypertensive rat was consecutively fed with 60%-Kcal fat diet for four, six, and eight weeks with body weight and blood pressure monitored every two weeks, and then followed by an acute vasoconstriction stress of 5-min ice-bath treatment in the 4-h time interval of two adrenaline injections (0...
March 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441984/direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-real-clinical-practice-analysis-of-patient-characteristics-and-prescribing-patterns-in-a-large-teaching-hospital
#16
B Kováčová, J Červeňová
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) became rapidly accepted as an alternative to warfarin in the prevention of stroke in atrial fibrillation and prophylaxis of thromboembolic events. Their safety and efficacy have been well documented in several studies, however, as with any new drug, use in real-world population often reveals risk factors that may affect treatment outcomes. The aim of the study was to determine the prescribing patterns and analyse patient characteristics to identify incidence of selected factors (age, weight, comorbidities and interacting medication) that may affect DOAC safety and efficacy...
September 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429026/modulation-of-renal-sympathetic-innervation-recent-insights-beyond-blood-pressure-control
#17
REVIEW
Dominik Linz, Mathias Hohl, Adrian D Elliott, Dennis H Lau, Felix Mahfoud, Murray D Esler, Prashanthan Sanders, Michael Böhm
Renal afferent and efferent sympathetic nerves are involved in the regulation of blood pressure and have a pathophysiological role in hypertension. Additionally, several conditions that frequently coexist with hypertension, such as heart failure, obstructive sleep apnea, atrial fibrillation, renal dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome, demonstrate enhanced sympathetic activity. Renal denervation (RDN) is an approach to reduce renal and whole body sympathetic activation. Experimental models indicate that RDN has the potential to lower blood pressure and prevent cardio-renal remodeling in chronic diseases associated with enhanced sympathetic activation...
February 10, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362613/protective-effects-of-the-third-generation-vasodilatory-%C3%AE-eta-blocker-nebivolol-against-d-galactosamine-induced-hepatorenal-syndrome-in-rats
#18
Ahmed Atwa, Rehab Hegazy, Rania Mohsen, Neamat Yassin, Sanaa Kenawy
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is very common in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. The development of renal failure in the absence of clinical, anatomical or pathological causes renal of failure is termed hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). AIM: The present study was constructed to investigate the possible protective effects of nebivolol (Nebi) against D-galactosamine (Gal)-induced HRS in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were treated with Nebi for ten successive days...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092916/use-of-oral-anticoagulants-in-combination-with-antiplatelet-s-in-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Caroline Sindet-Pedersen, Laila Staerk, Morten Lamberts, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Jeffrey S Berger, Anders Nissen Bonde, Jannik Langtved Pallisgaard, Morten Lock Hansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Jonas Bjerring Olesen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate temporal trends in the use of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in combination with aspirin and/or clopidogrel in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following acute myocardial infarction (MI) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, all patients with AF who survived 30 days after discharge from MI and/or PCI between 22 August 2011 and 30 September 2016 were identified...
June 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042902/unusual-case-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-antibody-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Boram Cha, Dae Young Kim, Hyunil Jang, Seun Deuk Hwang, Huck Jei Choi, Moon-Jae Kim
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by a clinical and radiological entity with the sudden onset of seizures, headache, altered consciousness, and visual disturbances in patients with the findings of reversible vasogenic subcortical edema without infarction. Hypertension, renal disease, and autoimmune disease are co-morbid conditions of PRES. Nevertheless, there have only been a few case reports of PRES in a patient with anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody glomerulonephritis (anti-GBM GN)...
September 2017: Electrolyte & Blood Pressure: E & BP
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