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Geriatric Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086867/process-evaluation-of-an-integrated-care-pathway-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-for-people-with-complex-health-problems
#1
Irma H J Everink, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jose M C Maessen, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: An integrated care pathway in geriatric rehabilitation was developed to improve coordination and continuity of care for community-living older adults in the Netherlands, who go through the process of hospital admission, admission to a geriatric rehabilitation facility and discharge back to the home situation. This pathway is a complex intervention and is focused on improving communication, triage and transfers of patients between the hospital, geriatric rehabilitation facility and primary care organisations...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076861/potential-applications-of-smart-multifunctional-wearable-materials-to-gerontology
#2
David G Armstrong, Bijan Najafi, Mohsen Shahinpoor
Smart multifunctional materials can play a constructive role in addressing some very important aging-related issues. Aging affects the ability of older adults to continue to live safely and economically in their own residences for as long as possible. Thus, there will be a greater need for preventive, acute, rehabilitative, and long-term health care services for older adults as well as a need for tools to enable them to function independently during daily activities. The objective of this paper is, thus, to present a comprehensive review of some potential smart materials and their areas of applications to gerontology...
January 12, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049480/effectiveness-of-sensor-monitoring-in-an-occupational-therapy-rehabilitation-program-for-older-individuals-after-hip-fracture-the-so-hip-trial-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#3
Margriet C Pol, Gerben Ter Riet, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Ben Kröse, Sophia E de Rooij, Bianca M Buurman
BACKGROUND: The performance of activities of daily living (ADL) at home is important for the recovery of older individuals after hip fracture. However, 20-90% of these individuals lose ADL function and never fully recover. It is currently unknown to what extent occupational therapy (OT) with coaching based on cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) improves recovery. The same holds for sensor monitoring-based coaching in addition to OT. Here, we describe the design of a study investigating the effect of sensor monitoring embedded in an OT rehabilitation program on the recovery of ADL among older individuals after hip fracture...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045563/multivariable-regression-model-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-in-patients-seeking-outpatient-low-vision-rehabilitation
#4
Alexis G Malkin, Judith E Goldstein, Robert W Massof
PURPOSE: To understand the source of between-person variance in baseline health utilities estimated from EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) responses of a representative sample of the US low vision outpatient population prior to rehabilitation. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 779 new low vision patients at 28 clinic centers in the US. The EQ-5D, Activity Inventory (AI), Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical functioning component, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered by telephone interview prior to rehabilitation...
January 3, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044386/skin-disease-in-captive-bats-results-of-an-online-survey-of-zoos-and-rehabilitators-in-europe-north-america-and-australasia
#5
Kay I Fountain, Kim B Stevens, David H Lloyd, Anette Loeffler
BACKGROUND: Bats may be held captive in zoos and breeding programmes, and for rehabilitation due to illness, abandonment or injury. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and characteristics of skin disease in captive bats. METHODS: Zoos (n = 164) in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, Wildlife Disease Association members and rehabilitators were invited to complete online questionnaires on skin lesions and housing. Associations between lesion type and site, frequency, species, age, suspected cause and season, and their association with housing in zoos were tested using chi-squared and two-sample z-tests...
January 2, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025357/deconstructing-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-older-adult-step-by-step-evidence-and-expert-based-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment-part-xii-leg-length-discrepancy
#6
Mark Havran, Joel D Scholten, Paula Breuer, Jennifer Lundberg, Gary Kochersberger, Dave Newman, Debra K Weiner
 To present the last in a 12-part series designed to deconstruct chronic low back pain (CLBP) in older adults. This article focuses on leg length discrepancy (LLD) and presents an algorithm outlining approaches to diagnosis and management of LLD in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS : Using a modified Delphi approach, the LLD evaluation and treatment algorithm was developed by a multidisciplinary expert panel representing expertise in physical therapy, geriatric medicine, and physical medicine and rehabilitation...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017276/patient-journey-in-decompensated-heart-failure-an-analysis-in-departments-of-cardiology-and-geriatrics-in-the-greater-paris-university-hospitals
#7
Florent Laveau, Nadjib Hammoudi, Emmanuelle Berthelot, Joël Belmin, Patrick Assayag, Ariel Cohen, Thibaud Damy, Denis Duboc, Olivier Dubourg, Albert Hagege, Olivier Hanon, Richard Isnard, Guillaume Jondeau, Florian Labouree, Damien Logeart, Nicolas Mansencal, Christophe Meune, Eric Pautas, Yves Wolmark, Michel Komajda
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization for worsening/acute heart failure is increasing in France, and limited data are available on referral/discharge modalities. AIM: To evaluate patients' journeys before and after hospitalization for this condition. METHODS: On 1 day per week, between October 2014 and February 2015, this observational study enrolled 260 consecutive patients with acute/worsening heart failure in all 10 departments of cardiology and four of the departments of geriatrics in the Greater Paris University Hospitals...
December 21, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996219/self-management-and-self-efficacy-in-stroke-survivors-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-stroke-self-efficacy-questionnaire
#8
Laura Dallolio, Rossella Messina, Simona Calugi, Stefania Fugazzaro, Roberta Bardelli, Paola Rucci, Maria P Fantini, Enrica Cavalli, Mariangela Taricco
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is an important mediator of the adaptation process after stroke. However, few studies have attempted to measure self-efficacy in a stroke population. The most recently developed scale is the Stroke Self-Efficacy Questionnaire that measures self-efficacy ratings in specific domains of functioning relevant for a stroke survivor. AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Italian version of Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire in stroke survivors...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996218/association-of-early-physical-activity-time-with-pain-activities-of-daily-living-and-progression-of-vertebral-body-collapse-in-patients-with-vertebral-compression-fractures-an-observational-study-at-single-institution
#9
Hideki Kataoka, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Ayana Yoshimura, Mihoko Shibuya, Kyo Goto, Jyunichirou Yamashita, Kaoru Morita, Jyunya Sakamoto, Jiro Nakano, Minoru Okita
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can reduce pain and improve the ability to perform daily activities in patients with acute low back pain (LBP) due to various non-specific causes. The association between physical activity during the early phase of acute vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) and rehabilitation outcomes is unknown. AIM: To investigate the effects of early physical activity time (EPAT) on pain following acute VCFs, recovery of the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs), and progression of fractured vertebral body collapse...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994996/influence-of-the-renewal-of-removable-dentures-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Guillaume Bonnet, Cindy Batisse, Jean W Segyo, Jean-Luc Veyrune, Emmanuel Nicolas, Marion Bessadet
BACKGROUND: The renewal of removable dentures is often suggested to denture wearers subject to discomfort. However, the impact of this rehabilitation on patients' oral health related quality of life and their removable dentures related satisfaction is still unknown. This study was aimed at assessing these patient-centered outcomes and the potential impact of different factors. METHODS: A cohort of 116 patients in need of removable dental prostheses rehabilitation was recruited at a dental hospital over a period of 1 year...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986998/are-even-geriatric-patients-becoming-older-and-older-changes-in-the-age-structure-of-geriatric-inpatients-in-the-course-of-two-decades
#11
O Krause, U Junius-Walker, B Wiese, K Hager
BACKGROUND: The life expectancy of the German population has steadily risen in the course of the past decades. As especially the oldest members of the population are treated in geriatric clinics, it would be of interest to investigate whether the increase in population age can also be found among geriatric inpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The demographic data of inpatients of a geriatric clinic in Hannover in the years 1994, 2004 and 2014 were analyzed according to age, gender and classification as acute care or geriatric rehabilitation...
December 16, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942446/voxel-based-lesion-symptom-mapping-analysis-of-depressive-mood-in-patients-with-isolated-cerebellar-stroke-a-pilot-study
#12
Na Young Kim, Sang Chul Lee, Ji-Cheol Shin, Ji Eun Park, Yong Wook Kim
Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common neuropsychological sequela of stroke and occurs in approximately one-third of all stroke survivors. However, there are no well-established predictors of PSD. Depression in stroke patients is correlated with unfavorable outcomes. Meta-analyses of the relationship between PSD and lesion location have yielded contradictory results and have not adequately addressed the impact of cerebellar lesions. Furthermore, other brain regions associated with depression in patients with cerebellar stroke remain a matter of debate...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941328/upper-extremity-function-predicts-adverse-health-outcomes-among-older-adults-hospitalized-for-ground-level-falls
#13
Bellal Joseph, Nima Toosizadeh, Tahereh Orouji Jokar, Michelle R Heusser, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Despite National Surgical Quality Improvement guidelines to integrate frailty into surgical elder assessments, a quick, accurate, and simple frailty assessment tool suitable for busy clinical settings is still not available. Recently, we have demonstrated that a simple upper-extremity function (UEF) test based on wearable sensors could identify frailty with high agreement with conventional assessments by testing 20-s repetitive elbow flexion and extension. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether UEF parameters are sensitive for predicting adverse health outcomes in bedbound older adults admitted to hospital due to ground-level fall injuries...
December 10, 2016: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940954/frailty-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-call-to-action-from-the-eapc-cardiac-rehabilitation-section
#14
Carlo Vigorito, Ana Abreu, Marco Ambrosetti, Romualdo Belardinelli, Ugo Corrà, Margaret Cupples, Constantinos H Davos, Stefan Hoefer, Marie-Christine Iliou, Jean-Paul Schmid, Heinz Voeller, Patrick Doherty
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome characterised by a vulnerability status associated with declining function of multiple physiological systems and loss of physiological reserves. Two main models of frailty have been advanced: the phenotypic model (primary frailty) or deficits accumulation model (secondary frailty), and different instruments have been proposed and validated to measure frailty. However measured, frailty correlates to medical outcomes in the elderly, and has been shown to have prognostic value for patients in different clinical settings, such as in patients with coronary artery disease, after cardiac surgery or transvalvular aortic valve replacement, in patients with chronic heart failure or after left ventricular assist device implantation...
December 11, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939318/successful-geriatric-rehabilitation-effects-on-patients-outcome-of-a-national-program-to-improve-quality-of-care-the-singer-study
#15
Marije S Holstege, Monique A A Caljouw, Ineke G Zekveld, Romke van Balen, Aafke J de Groot, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jos M G A Schols, Cees M P M Hertogh, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Wilco P Achterberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the implementation of a national program to improve quality of care in geriatric rehabilitation (GR) in the Netherlands improves successful GR in terms of independence in activities of daily living (ADL), discharge destination, and length of stay. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study, comparing 2 consecutive cohorts: at the start of implementation (n = 386) and at 1 year after implementation (n = 357) of this program. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Included were 16 skilled nursing facilities, 743 patients (median age 80 years, interquartile range 72-85; 64...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933555/pharmacist-s-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-introduction-and-evaluation-at-elderly-patient-admission
#16
Faiza Rhalimi, Mounir Rhalimi, Alain Rauss
BACKGROUND: The role of the clinical pharmacist within the healthcare system remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe a pharmacist's comprehensive geriatric assessment (pCGA) at admission of elderly patients and to assess its relevance in terms of medication compliance and pharmacist interventions (PIs). METHODS: We conducted a prospective interventional study over 29 months in a 34-bed medical/rehabilitation geriatric ward in a French geriatric hospital...
December 8, 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888286/the-effectiveness-of-a-multidisciplinary-hip-fracture-care-model-in-improving-the-clinical-outcome-and-the-average-cost-of-manpower
#17
T W Lau, C Fang, F Leung
: After the implementation of the multidisciplinary geriatric hip fracture clinical pathway in 2007, the hospital length of stay and the clinical outcomes improves. Moreover, the cost of manpower for each hip fracture decreases. It proves that this care model is cost-effective. INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and the cost of manpower before and after the implementation of the multidisciplinary geriatric hip fracture clinical pathway (GHFCP)...
November 26, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868331/patient-resilience-in-the-fracture-orthopaedic-rehabilitation-geriatric-environment
#18
Sabrina Kohler, Sze Ming Loh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between resilience and rehabilitation outcomes in older orthopaedic patients. METHODS: Geriatric rehabilitation patients admitted to a general metropolitan hospital following a fracture were interviewed face-to-face. Their resilience was assessed using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and rehabilitation outcomes were assessed according to functional independence measure (FIM) gain, length of stay, discharge destination and mortality rate...
November 20, 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842907/are-enhanced-recovery-programs-in-colorectal-surgery-feasible-and-useful-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
M-V Launay-Savary, M Mathonnet, A Theissen, S Ostermann, A Raynaud-Simon, K Slim
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) are no longer questionable in the management of patients undergoing surgery. However, there is some doubt as to their feasibility and efficacy in the elderly. Our goal was to systematically review the evidence-based literature concerning the feasibility of ERP in elderly patients undergoing colorectal surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane Database for systematic reviews as well as the "grey" literature between 2000 and 2015 were sought...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829457/combined-effect-of-new-complete-dentures-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutritional-status-in-edentulous-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Yuriko Komagamine, Manabu Kanazawa, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are edentulous have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, and protein compared with their dentate counterparts because tooth loss is accompanied by a decrease in ability to chew. Whether or not a combination of prosthetic rehabilitation and simple dietary advice produces improvement in dietary intake among edentulous persons is unclear. We aim to investigate the effect of a simultaneous combination of simple dietary advice delivered by dentists and provision of new complete dentures on dietary intake in edentulous individuals who request new dentures...
November 9, 2016: Trials
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