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Geriatric Rehabilitation

Alberto Pilotto, Raffaella Boi, Jean Petermans
Recently, the interest of industry, government agencies and healthcare professionals in technology for aging people has increased. The challenge is whether technology may play a role in enhancing independence and quality of life and in reducing individual and societal costs of caring. Information and communication technologies, i.e. tools aimed at communicating and informing, assistive technologies designed to maintain older peoples' independence and increasing safety, and human-computer interaction technologies for supporting older people with motility and cognitive impairments as humanoid robots, exoskeletons, rehabilitation robots, service robots and companion-type are interdisciplinary topics both in research and in clinical practice...
March 13, 2018: Age and Ageing
Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Sevtap Acer, Ebru Karaca Umay, Fatma Nazlı, Ugur Onur Kasman, İbrahim Gündoğdu, Aytül Çakcı
Introduction: Although the prognosis of spinal cord injury without radiographic evidence of abnormality (SCIWORA) depends on the severity of the initial neurological damage, most patients with American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale grade D are expected to recover fully. Case presentation: An 85-year-old patient with SCIWORA and urinary incontinence, who did not produce the expected response to rehabilitation, displayed the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous system findings together...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
Eiji Kose, Toshiyuki Hirai, Toshiichi Seki, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Background Few systematic studies have evaluated the association between drugs and functional recovery for geriatric patients after strokes in the convalescent stage. Objective To assess the association of increased drugs during hospitalization with activities of daily living and outcome among geriatric stroke patients. Setting This study was conducted at the convalescent rehabilitation ward in the Hitachinaka General Hospital in Japan. Methods This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years who had experienced stroke between 2010 and 2016...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Avital Hershkovitz, Corina Angel, Shai Brill, Ran Nissan
BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic (AC) drugs are associated with significant impairment in cognitive and physical function which may affect rehabilitation in older people. We aimed to evaluate whether AC burden is associated with rehabilitation achievement in post-acute hip-fractured patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study carried out in a post-acute geriatric rehabilitation center on 1019 hip-fractured patients admitted from January 2011 to October 2015. The Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB) was used to quantify the AC burden...
March 3, 2018: Drugs & Aging
Akira Sawaguchi, Ryo Momosaki, Kiyotaka Hasebe, Masayuki Chono, Seiji Kasuga, Masahiro Abo
AIM: To clarify the effectiveness of preoperative physical therapy for older patients after hip fracture in an acute care hospital. METHODS: In the present retrospective observational study, data from the Japan Rehabilitation Database were analyzed for patients admitted to an acute care hospital with hip fracture between 2005 and 2015. In this study, all eligible patients received surgery within 10 days of admission. Propensity score analysis was used to compare outcomes between patients who underwent preoperative rehabilitation and those who did not...
March 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Masaki Takahashi, Keisuke Maeda, Hidetaka Wakabayashi
AIM: The relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and sarcopenia is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the prevalence of sarcopenia in older dental clinic outpatients and its relationship with OHRQoL and oral health status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from consecutive dental clinic outpatients aged ≥65 years. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 was used for the evaluation of OHRQoL, and the Oral Health Assessment Tool was used to assess oral health status...
March 1, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Susanne Saal, Gabriele Meyer, Katrin Beutner, Hanna Klingshirn, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Eva Mann, Sascha Köpke, Michel H C Bleijlevens, Gabriele Bartoszek, Anna-Janina Stephan, Julian Hirt, Martin Müller
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures in nursing home residents limit the capacity to perform daily activities and restrict social participation. The purpose of this study was to develop a complex intervention to improve participation in nursing home residents with joint contractures. METHODS: The development followed the UK Medical Research Council framework using a mixed-methods design with re-analysis of existing interview data using a graphic modelling approach, group discussions with nursing home residents, systematic review of intervention studies, structured 2-day workshop with experts in geriatric, nursing, and rehabilitation, and group discussion with professionals in nursing homes...
February 28, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Irma H J Everink, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Silvia M A A Evers, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Jos M G A Schols
BACKGROUND: Integrated care pathways which cover multiple care settings are increasingly used as a tool to structure care, enhance coordination and improve transitions between care settings. However, little is known about their economic impact. The objective of this study is to determine the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of an integrated care pathway designed for patients with complex health problems transferring from the hospital, a geriatric rehabilitation facility and primary care...
2018: PloS One
Tatsuro Inoue, Shogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tetsuya Kakehi, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several hip fracture patients are malnourished, but no study has attempted to determine the optimal nutritional screening tool for predicting functional outcomes. We investigated the association between each nutritional status assessed by four nutritional screening tools at admission and functional outcomes during the postoperative acute phase in hip fracture patients. METHODS: The Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS-2002) and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) were assessed at admission before surgery...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ewout B Smit, Hylco Bouwstra, Johannes C van der Wouden, Lizette M Wattel, Cees M P M Hertogh
Background: Patient-centred goal setting is regarded as a beneficial intervention for geriatric rehabilitation. Nevertheless, its known laborious implementation in clinical practice remains an ongoing challenge. To improve implementation of patient-centred goal setting, the integration of goal setting with standardized measures has been proposed. Our objective of the current study was to explore the feasibility of Collaborative Functional Goal Setting (CFGS), i.e., using standardized functional measures to set and evaluate functional goals during geriatric rehabilitation...
2018: European Geriatric Medicine
Yaroslav Winter, Naeimeh Daneshkhah, Nikolaus Galland, Isabel Kotulla, Anna Krüger, Sergiu Groppa
BACKGROUND: Lesional epilepsy is an important long-term sequela of stroke. Data on health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with poststroke epilepsy are limited. We investigated HrQoL in patients with epilepsy after ischemic stroke and identified independent HrQoL-determinants. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All patients with acute ischemic stroke, who were permanent residents in the district Marburg-Biedenkopf (Hessia, Germany, reference population 240,000 inhabitants) were recruited within 12months in the population-based Marburg Stroke Register (MARSTREG)...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Aparna Arjunan, Nancye M Peel, Ruth E Hubbard
OBJECTIVES: The measurement of frailty using a Frailty Index (FI) has been criticised as too time-consuming for use in hospital settings. We aimed to assess the feasibility and characteristics of an FI derived from routinely collected data. METHODS: A total of 258 participants aged 65 and older were included in a single-centre prospective cohort study conducted in inpatient geriatric rehabilitation wards. The functional independence measure (FIM™), medication count and comorbidities were coded as deficits...
February 10, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Katherine S McGilton, Riva Sorin-Peters, Elizabeth Rochon, Veronique Boscart, Mary Fox, Charlene H Chu, Steven C Stewart, Souraya Sidani
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This small scale study examined the influence of an interprofessional (IP) evidence based patient-centered communication intervention (PCCI), delivered by trained nurses in collaboration with Speech Language Pathologists, on patient outcomes in an active stroke rehabilitation setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: The setting constraints imposed the use of a single-group pretest and post-test design to determine the influence of the intervention on patient outcomes...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
K Pongpipatpaiboon, I Kondo, K Onogi, S Mori, K Ozaki, A Osawa, H Matsuo, N Itoh, M Tanimoto
The reported prevalence of sarcopenia has shown a wide range, crucially based on the diagnostic criteria and setting. This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of sarcopenia and sought to identify factors associated with sarcopenia on admission in a specialized geriatric rehabilitation setting based on the newly developed the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia algorithm. Among 87 participants (mean age, 76.05 ± 7.57 years), 35 (40.2%) were classified as showing sarcopenia on admission. Prevalence was high, particularly among participants ≥80 years old, with tendencies toward lower body mass index, smoking habit, lower cognitive function, and greater functional impairment compared with the non-sarcopenic group...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
R Abbas, A Tanguy, D Bonnet-Zamponi, R Djedid, A Lounis, M-L Gaubert-Dahan
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hypotension (PPH) is an important disorder in the older people that remain underdiagnosed. The reference PPH diagnostic method is too demanding, because blood pressure (BP) needs to be measured 8 times in 2 hours. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to define a new simplified PPH diagnostic method and to evaluate its performances. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two geriatric rehabilitation units in France...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
Pi-Shan Hsu, Jui-An Chen, Yu-Tso Chen, Han-Ming Wu, Szu-Ying Lee, Chung-Liang Lai
The baby boom after World War II, coupled with the rapid advances in medical technology and public health, has led to the current rapid aging in the world's population. Countries in Asia are experiencing a faster rate of aging than most other countries around the world. Taiwan is expected to advance from an aged society to a super-aged society in the next 7~10 years. Consequently, the demand for long-term care is increasing. The focus of healthcare has changed from acute to chronic, from disease-oriented to function-oriented and from cure to care...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Dmitri Zintchouk, Merete Gregersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Else Marie Damsgaard
BACKGROUND: Older adults make increasing demands on all sectors of the healthcare system. We investigated the effect of geriatrician-performed comprehensive geriatric care (CGC) in older adults referred to an outpatient community rehabilitation unit. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Two Danish non-hospital based rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Persons aged 65 or older admitted from home or hospital. INTERVENTION: CGC performed by a geriatrician at the rehabilitation unit...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Liev Maciel-Bravo, Abel Gonzales-Carhuancho, Xavier Duran, Anna Guillén-Solà, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition by applying the ASPEN/AND definition and the ESPEN consensus definition in a postacute-care population, and secondly, to determine the metrological properties of the set of six clinical characteristics that constitute the ASPEN/AND basic diagnosis, compared to the ESPEN consensus, based mostly on objective anthropometric measurements. METHODS: Prospective study of 84 consecutive deconditioned older inpatients (85...
January 25, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
John S Y Chan, Jin H Yan
Human aging is a dynamic life-long process and an inevitable experience. As the average age of the world's population rises, demands for effective geriatric rehabilitation dramatically increase. An important consideration for enhancing geriatric behavioral interventions is to better understand aging characteristics in perceptual, cognitive, and motor performances. A general shift in cognitive style from field independence to field dependence has been consistently observed during human aging, as older adults show a greater tendency to rely on environmental information, presumably reflecting a neuro-compensatory mechanism of reducing top-down control and relying instead on bottom-up processing...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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