keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Code of ethics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633174/do-us-medical-licensing-applications-treat-mental-and-physical-illness-equivalently
#1
Katherine J Gold, Elizabeth R Shih, Edward B Goldman, Thomas L Schwenk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: State medical licensing boards are responsible for evaluating physician impairment. Given the stigma generated by mental health issues among physicians and in the medical training culture, we were interested in whether states asked about mental and physical health conditions differently and whether questions focused on current impairment. METHODS: Two authors reviewed physician medical licensing applications for US physicians seeking first-time licensing in 2013 in the 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630818/ethical-considerations-for-interdisciplinary-collaboration-with-prescribing-professionals
#2
Mindy K Newhouse-Oisten, Kimberly M Peck, Alissa A Conway, Jessica E Frieder
Behavior analysts often work as part of an interdisciplinary team, and different team members may prescribe different interventions for a single client. One such intervention that is commonly encountered is a change in medication. Changes in medication regimens have the potential to alter behavior in a number of ways. As such, it is important for all team members to be aware of every intervention and to consider how different interventions may interact with each other. These facts make regular and clear communication among team members vital for treatment success...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630510/current-practices-of-awarding-graduation-honors-within-doctor-of-pharmacy-degree-programs
#3
Paul A DiPietro, Stacy L Longo, Beth E Welch, Daniel R Kennedy, Eric C Nemec
Objective. To survey the practices of awarding honors upon graduation with a doctor of pharmacy degree. Methods. College and school of pharmacy websites were systematically searched to identify if, and then how, graduation honors are awarded. Programs that offer graduation honors were categorized and quantified based upon grade point average (GPA) cutoffs, honors enrollment, research project completion, faculty vote, course failure considerations, and ethics code violations. Results. Of the 132 doctor of pharmacy programs reviewed, 86% (n=114) had accessible online resources and were included in data analysis...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615270/understanding-how-and-why-audits-work-protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-audit-programmes-to-improve-hospital-care
#4
Lisanne Hut-Mossel, Gera Welker, Kees Ahaus, Rijk Gans
INTRODUCTION: Many types of audits are commonly used in hospital care to promote quality improvements. However, the evidence on the effectiveness of audits is mixed. The objectives of this proposed realist review are (1) to understand how and why audits might, or might not, work in terms of delivering the intended outcome of improved quality of hospital care and (2) to examine under what circumstances audits could potentially be effective. This protocol will provide the rationale for using a realist review approach and outline the method...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605124/developing-abilities-to-navigate-through-the-grey-zones-in-complex-environments-nurses-reasons-for-applying-to-a-clinical-ethics-residency-for-nurses
#5
Martha Jurchak, Pamela J Grace, Susan M Lee, Danny G Willis, Angelika A Zollfrank, Ellen M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurses face complex ethical issues in practice and have to determine appropriate actions. An inability to conceptualize or follow a preferred course of action can give rise to moral uncertainty or moral distress. Both moral uncertainty and moral distress are problematic for nurses and their patients. A program designed to increase nurse confidence in moral decision making, the clinical ethics residency for nurses (CERN), was offered selectively to nurses affiliated with two academic medical centers...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603443/the-uses-of-reason-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#6
Steven Dorrestijn
The art of living idiom suits well a practice-oriented approach in ethics of technology. But what remains or becomes of the functioning and use of reason in ethics? In reaction to the comments by Huijer this reply elaborates in more detail how Foucault's art of living can be adapted for a critical contemporary ethics of technology. And the aesthetic-political rationality in Foucault's ethics is compared with Wellner's suggestions of holding on to the notion of code but with a new meaning. Foucault's fourfold scheme of subjectivation and a distinction of "below and above reason" structure the argument...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594666/negligence-and-the-nurse-the-value-of-the-code-of-ethics-for-nurses
#7
Sonya R Jacoby, Elizabeth Ann Scruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594475/what-is-safety-miracles-benefit-risk-assessments-and-the-right-to-try
#8
Lisa M DeTora
Public discourse is full of quick solutions to health care problems like cancer and rare diseases. Among these is Right to Try legislation for experimental therapies. Right to Try legislation is based on the premise that all experimental agents in clinical trials are safe and guaranteed to produce miracles. Unfortunately, this notion is at odds with expert understanding, which indicates that the benefits and risks of drug products can only be understood together and evaluated incrementally and over time. The current manuscript examines why benefit to risk considerations, a lynchpin of the ethical conduct of clinical research since the Nuremberg Code, might be easily elided from public discourse...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591376/-vulnerabilities-and-recognition-a-life-story-approach-to-links-between-youth-and-violence-in-marginalized-neighborhoods-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#9
Pablo Francisco Di Leo, Roseni Pinheiro
We present the results of a study analyzing the experience of young people with violence in marginalized neighborhoods, examining the links to processes of vulnerability and recognition. We used the methodological strategy of life story reports, built on semi-structured interviews with ten young people 18 to 26 years of age, with their spaces of sociability in marginalized neighborhoods in Greater Metropolitan Buenos Aires, Argentina. Following the theory's lines, we simultaneously built, coded, and analyzed the data, using the Atlas...
June 1, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590809/radiology-and-ethics-education
#10
Aline Camargo, Li Liu, David M Yousem
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess medical ethics knowledge among trainees and practicing radiologists through an online survey that included questions about the American College of Radiology Code of Ethics and the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics. CONCLUSION: Most survey respondents reported that they had never read the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics or the American College of Radiology Code of Ethics (77.2% and 67...
June 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588969/it-is-time-to-revise-the-international-good-clinical-practices-guidelines-recommendations-from-non-commercial-north-south-collaborative-trials
#11
Raffaella Ravinetto, Halidou Tinto, Ermias Diro, Joseph Okebe, Yodi Mahendradhata, Suman Rijal, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Pascal Lutumba, Alain Nahum, Katelijne De Nys, Minne Casteels, Marleen Boelaert
The Good Clinical Practices (GCP) codes of the WHO and the International Conference of Harmonization set international standards for clinical research. But critics argue that they were written without consideration for the challenges faced in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Based on our field experience in LMICs, we developed a non-exhaustive set of recommendations for the improvement of GCP. These cover 3 domains: ethical, legal and operational, and 8 specific issues: the double ethical review of 'externally sponsored' trials; the informed consent procedure in minors and in illiterate people; post-trial access to newly-developed products for the trial communities; the role of communities as key research actors; the definition of sponsor; and the guidance for contractual agreements, laboratory quality management systems, and quality assurance of investigational medicinal products...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588960/perspectives-of-host-faculty-and-trainees-on-international-visiting-faculty-to-paediatric-academic-departments-in-east-africa
#12
Christiana M Russ, Lakshmi Ganapathi, Diana Marangu, Melanie Silverman, Edward Kija, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Ahmed Laving
BACKGROUND: Investments in faculty exchanges to build physician workforce capacity are increasing. Little attention has been paid to the expectations of host institution faculty and trainees. This prospective qualitative research study explored faculty and resident perspectives about guest faculty in paediatric departments in East Africa, asking (1) What are the benefits and challenges of hosting guest faculty, (2) What factors influence the effectiveness of faculty visits and (3) How do host institutions prepare for faculty visits? METHODS: We recruited 36 faculty members and residents from among four paediatric departments in East Africa to participate in semistructured interviews which were audio recorded and transcribed...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#13
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578097/the-concept-of-a-waiting-period-for-preoperative-patient-consent-prospective-study-of-51-shoulder-arthroscopy-cases
#14
Henry Coudane, Michaël Mangin, Yasser Karam, Vincent Seivert, Didier Mainard, Jane Laure Danan, Bruno Py, Joëlle Alnot Lighelzzollo
INTRODUCTION: The French Code of Public Health (CSP) does not explicitly require that patients be given a certain amount of time to think about a procedure, except for cosmetic surgery, where 15 days is required (Art. L 6322-2 CSP). We hypothesized that patients require a waiting period during their decision-making process for scheduled shoulder arthroscopy procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study of 51 patients analysed the concept of a waiting period based on a 10-item questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571014/a-moral-foundation-for-anti-doping-how-far-have-we-progressed-where-are-the-limits
#15
Thomas H Murray
Clarity about the ethical justification of anti-doping is essential. In its absence, critics multiply and confusion abounds. Three broad reasons are typically offered in anti-doping's defense: to protect athletes' health; to promote fairness; and to preserve meaning and values in sport - what the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Code refers to as the spirit of sport. Protecting health is itself an important value, but many sports encourage athletes to take significant risks. The case against doping is buttressed by concern for athletes' health, but it cannot be the sole foundation...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569221/a-four-part-working-bibliography-of-neuroethics-part-4-ethical-issues-in-clinical-and-social-applications-of-neuroscience
#16
EDITORIAL
Kira Becker, John R Shook, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research (inclusive of studies of putative neurobiological processes involved in moral and ethical cognition and behavior), and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" and "post-" humanity...
May 31, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567486/xenobiology-state-of-the-art-ethics-and-philosophy-of-new-to-nature-organisms
#17
Markus Schmidt, Lei Pei, Nediljko Budisa
The basic chemical constitution of all living organisms in the context of carbon-based chemistry consists of a limited number of small molecules and polymers. Until the twenty-first century, biology was mainly an analytical science and has now reached a point where it merges with engineering science, paving the way for synthetic biology. One of the objectives of synthetic biology is to try to change the chemical compositions of living cells, that is, to create an artificial biological diversity, which in turn fosters a new sub-field of synthetic biology, xenobiology...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559453/developing-a-framework-for-community-based-sexual-health-interventions-for-youth-in-the-rural-setting-protocol-for-a-participatory-action-research-study
#18
Carl William Heslop, Sharyn Burns, Roanna Lobo, Ruth McConigley
INTRODUCTION: There is limited research examining community-based or multilevel interventions that address the sexual health of young people in the rural Australian context. This paper describes the Participatory Action Research (PAR) project that will develop and validate a framework that is effective for planning, implementing and evaluating multilevel community-based sexual health interventions for young people aged 16-24 years in the Australian rural setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To develop a framework for sexual health interventions with stakeholders, PAR will be used...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556856/proposed-amendments-to-the-aoa-constitution-bylaws-and-code-of-ethics
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554919/validation-of-asthma-recording-in-electronic-health-records-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Francis Nissen, Jennifer K Quint, Samantha Wilkinson, Hana Mullerova, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common, heterogeneous disease with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. It can be difficult to define in epidemiological studies using electronic health records as the diagnosis is based on non-specific respiratory symptoms and spirometry, neither of which are routinely registered. Electronic health records can nonetheless be valuable to study the epidemiology, management, healthcare use and control of asthma. For health databases to be useful sources of information, asthma diagnoses should ideally be validated...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
68339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"