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Code of ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773480/must-i-respond-if-my-health-is-at-risk
#1
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Widespread epidemics, pandemics, and other risk-prone disasters occur with disturbing regularity. When such events occur, how should, and will, clinicians respond? The moral backbone of medical professionals-a duty to put the needs of patients first-may be sorely tested. DISCUSSION: It is incumbent on health care professionals to ask what we must do and what we should do if a dangerous health care situation threatens both ourselves and our community...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766728/-euthanasia-legal-comparison-in-selected-european-countries
#2
Adam Doležal
This article deals with the subject of euthanasia (all its forms) and other end-of-life decisions, such as assisted suicide, withdrawing and whithholding life-sustaining treatments. Among other things, the article will also deal with the issue of the offense of Homicide by the Victims Request. Based on an empirical historical method, the article compares the various selected legal orders. From this analysis, it draws some conclusions that have an impact on ethical discourse. First of all, the terminology is defined in the article, which is very important in this area...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757065/the-impact-of-an-evolving-profession-on-the-frequency-and-perceived-difficulty-of-ethical-encounters-among-physical-therapists-in-the-clinic
#3
Patti Berg-Poppe, Angela MacCabe, Joy Karges
BACKGROUND: Ethical decision making is situated within dynamic contexts specific to practice standards and environments, contemporary policy, and responsive educational systems. Reflecting on an evolving profession lends insight into the role of ethical codes of conduct. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gather information about the frequency and perceived difficulty physical therapists (PTs) experience with common ethical situations within contemporary clinical practice...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756714/developing-child-autonomy-in-pediatric-healthcare-towards-an-ethical-model
#4
Kyriakos Martakis, Helmut Brand, Peter Schröder-Bäck
The changes initiated by the new National Civil and Commercial Code in Argentina underline the pediatric task to empower children's and adolescents' developing autonomy. In this paper, we have framed a model describing autonomy in child healthcare. We carried out a literature review focusing on i) the concept of autonomy referring to the absolute value of the autonomous individual, and ii) the age-driven process of competent decisionmaking development. We summarized our findings developing a conceptual model that includes the child, the pediatrician and the parents...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746695/finding-the-forgotten-motivating-military-veterans-to-register-with-a-primary-healthcare-practice
#5
Alan Finnegan, Robin Jackson, Robin Simpson
Introduction: In the UK, primary healthcare practices choose from a series of Read codes to detail certain characteristics onto a patient's medical documentation. One of these codes is for military veterans indicating a history relating to military service. However, veterans are poor at seeking help, with research indicating that this code is only applied in 7.9% of cases. Clinical staff have a clear role in motivating veterans to declare their ex-Forces status or register with a primary healthcare center...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739411/locum-physicians-professional-ethos-a-qualitative-interview-study-from-germany
#6
Sabine Salloch, Birgit Apitzsch, Maximiliane Wilkesmann, Caroline Ruiner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other countries, the appearance of locum physicians as independent contractors constitutes a rather new phenomenon in the German health care system and emerged out of a growing economization and shortage of medical staff in the hospital sector. Locums are a special type of self-employed professionals who are only temporally embedded in organisational contexts of hospitals, and this might have consequences for their professional practice. Therefore, questions arise regarding how locums perceive their ethical duties as medical professionals...
May 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734871/physician-wellness-is-an-ethical-and-public-health-issue
#7
Rosandra Walker, Harold Pine
Attention to physician well-being has traditionally focused on substance abuse, usually with disciplinary implications. But, in recent years, greater notice has been granted toward physician burnout and overall wellness. Burnout and its sequelae not only affect physicians and physicians-in-training as individuals, but the impact then multiplies as it affects these physicians' patients, colleagues, and hospital systems. In addition, the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics charges physicians with a responsibility to maintain their own health and wellness as well as promote that of their colleagues...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731810/governing-well-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada-s-hiv-research-sector-on-ethics-publics-and-the-care-of-the-self
#8
Adrian Guta, Stuart J Murray, Carol Strike, Sarah Flicker, Ross Upshur, Ted Myers
In this paper, we extend Michel Foucault's final works on the 'care of the self' to an empirical examination of research practice in community-based research (CBR). We use Foucault's 'morality of behaviors' to analyze interview data from a national sample of Canadian CBR practitioners working with communities affected by HIV. Despite claims in the literature that ethics review is overly burdensome for non-traditional forms of research, our findings suggest that many researchers using CBR have an ambivalent but ultimately productive relationship with institutional research ethics review requirements...
November 2017: Public Health Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729066/exploring-the-limits-of-conscience
#9
Robert McMillen
Dr John Thorp presents the clinical conundrum of working in an establishment where his views on abortion, based on his interpretation of Hippocratic and Catholic ethical codes, were not in kilter with those of his department. Others interpret Hippocratic and Christian ethics differently. As Thorp concedes, the oath was not uncontested even in Hippocrates' day, with most Greek thinkers commending abortion, at least prior to viability (US Supreme Court. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 1973 Section VI). Perhaps Hippocrates was against inducing abortion, in 500 BC, because of the harm it would do the mother?...
May 4, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728132/the-perception-of-hidden-curriculum-among-undergraduate-medical-students-a-qualitative-study
#10
Zahra Gardeshi, Mitra Amini, Parisa Nabeiei
OBJECTIVES: The effect of hidden curriculum on student learning has not been sufficiently recognized in most of the revised curriculums. This study is a qualitative study that measures the students' perception of hidden curriculum through semi-structured interviews. All of the interviews were recorded and then converted into scripts. These scripts were divided to sentences and phrases and named as units. Units aggregated with similar groups and named as codes, then the similar codes were aggregated into themes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724118/perceptions-motivations-and-concerns-about-living-organ-donation-among-people-living-with-hiv
#11
Sarah E Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Macey L Henderson, Juli Bollinger, Shanti Seaman, Diane Brown, Christine M Durand, Dorry L Segev, Jeremy Sugarman
Recent changes to United States law now permit people living with HIV (PLWH) to donate organs to HIV-infected (HIV+) recipients under research protocols. PLWH may have unique motivations for and concerns about living donation and understanding them is critical to ensuring the integrity of this novel approach to organ transplantation. We conducted in-depth interviews with PLWH from an urban HIV clinic who had previously indicated their willingness to be a living donor. Interviews elicited information on their motivations, perceived benefits, and concerns regarding living donation...
May 3, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723127/ethics-and-sexual-health-exploration-of-the-ethical-code-of-conduct-for-physiotherapists-concerning-sexual-health-in-clinical-practice
#12
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Sofia Kjellström
Physiotherapists have an important role in sexual health, but there are specific ethical considerations regarding sexuality and the practice of physiotherapy which require serious consideration. This article aims to illustrate how the professional ethical code of physiotherapy can serve as a tool for ethical clinical reasoning regarding sexual health in clinical physiotherapy practice. We analyse the ethical codes for physical therapy, in relation to a definition of sexual health and the declaration of sexual rights...
May 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718477/committing-to-breastfeeding-in-social-work
#13
Carol Grace Hurst, Rebecca Reno, Tess Lefmann
This article addresses the importance of breastfeeding for the social work profession. Because breastfeeding is a critical component of maternal and child health, persistent racial and socioeconomic breastfeeding inequality is a social justice issue in need of social work commitment. Even while breastfeeding rates have been increasing in the United States there are some groups of mothers who initiate breastfeeding less frequently or have trouble with sustaining breastfeeding for recommended lengths. These mothers and their babies thus miss out on the ample benefits of this nurturing interaction...
April 27, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716594/the-involvement-of-canadian-physicians-in-promoting-and-providing-unproven-and-unapproved-stem-cell-interventions
#14
Ubaka Ogbogu, Jenny Du, Yonida Koukio
BACKGROUND: Direct to consumer offerings of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) is a pressing scientific and policy issue. According to media reports, providers of SCIs have emerged in Canada. This study provides the first systematic scan of Canadian providers and associated trends and claims. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 15 websites retrieved from a Google™ keyword search. The websites were assessed by a rater using a peer-reviewed coding frame that queried treatment location, stem cell offerings, treatment claims, supporting evidence, and legal and regulatory compliance...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714564/research-misconduct-in-fda-regulated-clinical-trials-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-warning-letters-and-disqualification-proceedings
#15
Craig A Garmendia, Neera Bhansali, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures that clinical trials meet regulatory and ethical standards through inspections of researchers, also known as clinical investigators. Inspections with significant regulatory/ethical violations may result in regulatory actions, such as a warning letter or a Notice of Initiation of Disqualification Proceedings and Opportunity to Explain (NIDPOE). Objectives included the standardization of regulatory violation themes cited by the FDA for novel analysis of published regulatory actions rate issued by study intervention type, violation theme by intervention type, and violation theme variation between regulatory action type...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714561/research-deviations-in-fda-regulated-clinical-trials-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-fda-inspection-citations
#16
Craig A Garmendia, Katrina Epnere, Neera Bhansali
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures clinical trials meet regulatory/ethical standards through inspections. If FDA Investigators observe potential violations of regulatory requirements during an inspection, a firm will receive a Form FDA 483, Inspectional Observations. Violations cited have resulted in the death of human research subjects, prosecution of research personnel, and denial of approval for new medical products. Objectives included the standardization of Violation Themes cited for analysis by inspection firm type, geographic location, and Violation Theme citation to provide insight into regulatory violations...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713346/preferred-source-and-perceived-need-of-more-information-about-dental-implants-by-the-undergraduate-dental-students-of-nepal-all-nepal-survey
#17
Arati Sharma, Bidhan Shrestha, Bijay Kumar Chaudhari, Pramita Suwal, Raj Kumar Singh, Surya Raj Niraula, Prakash Kumar Parajuli
Objectives: This study was conducted to know the preferred source and perceived need of more information about dental implants by the undergraduate students of Nepal and their association with academic levels and gender. Materials and Methods: It was conducted in all the dental colleges of Nepal from June 2016 to June 2017 after taking ethical clearance and approval from the research committee of BPKIHS. It included all those who were present at the time of survey...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713235/antimalarial-drug-prescribing-by-healthcare-workers-when-malaria-testing-is-negative-a-qualitative-study-in-madagascar
#18
David Harimbola Rakotonandrasana, Takahiro Tsukahara, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
Background: Despite the World Health Organization and the National Malaria Program of Madagascar recommending that antimalarial drugs only be prescribed for patients with positive results on malaria rapid diagnostic tests, healthcare workers continue to prescribe these drugs for cases with negative test results. We explored why and how primary healthcare workers in Madagascar continue to prescribe antimalarial drugs despite this guidance. Methods: We purposively selected 14 medical doctors and 2 nurses from 11 primary health facilities (6 public, 5 private) in Toliara, Madagascar, and interviewed them regarding their antimalarial prescribing behaviors...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710351/proposed-amendments-to-the-aoa-constitution-bylaws-and-code-of-ethics
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708024/how-american-nurses-association-code-of-ethics-informs-genetic-genomic-nursing
#20
Audrey Tluczek, Marie E Twal, Laura Curr Beamer, Candace W Burton, Leslie Darmofal, Mary Kracun, Karen L Zanni, Martha Turner
Members of the Ethics and Public Policy Committee of the International Society of Nurses in Genetics prepared this article to assist nurses in interpreting the American Nurses Association (2015) Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements (Code) within the context of genetics/genomics. The Code explicates the nursing profession's norms and responsibilities in managing ethical issues. The nearly ubiquitous application of genetic/genomic technologies in healthcare poses unique ethical challenges for nursing...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
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