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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438584/strategies-for-enhancing-family-participation-in-research-in-the-icu-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#1
Danae Dotolo, Elizabeth L Nielsen, J Randall Curtis, Ruth A Engelberg
CONTEXT: Family members of critically ill patients who participate in research focused on palliative care issues have been found to be systematically different from those who do not. These differences threaten the validity of research and raise ethical questions about worsening disparities in care by failing to represent diverse perspectives. OBJECTIVES: This study's aims were to explore: 1) barriers and facilitators influencing family members' decisions to participate in palliative care research; and 2) potential methods to enhance research participation...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426353/potential-risks-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#2
Alexis M Roth, John Rossi, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard F Armenta, Stephen E Lankenau, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)-which often involves brief surveys delivered via mobile technology-has transformed our understanding of the individual and contextual micro-processes associated with legal and illicit drug use. However, little empirical research has focused on participant's perspective on the probability and magnitude of potential risks in EMA studies. OBJECTIVES: To garner participant perspectives on potential risks common to EMA studies of illicit drug use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423837/a-terminology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-to-represent-non-clinical-aspects-for-various-usages-the-q-codes
#3
Marc Jamoulle, Julien Grosjean, Melissa Resnick, Ashwin Ittoo, Arthur Treuherz, Robert Vander Stichele, Elena Cardillo, Stéfan J Darmoni, Frank S Shamenek, Marc Vanmeerbeek
The hereby proposed terminology called "Q-Codes" can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are relevant in General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM). This terminology is a good way to put an emphasis on underestimated topics such as Teaching, Patient issues or Ethics. It aims at indexing GP/FM documents such as congress abstracts and theses to get a more comprehensive view about the GP/FM domain. The 182 identified Q-Codes have been very precisely defined by a college of experts (physicians and terminologists) from twelve countries...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422622/framework-for-21st-century-school-nursing-practice-framing-professional-development
#4
Ann Allen-Johnson
The NASN Code of Ethics upholds that it is the responsibility of the school nurse to maintain competency and pursue personal and professional growth. Designing professional development activities that are relevant and support the needs of the school nurse can be a challenge. The Framework for 21st Century School Nursing Practice provides a model rooted in evidence-based standards of practice that can be utilized to assess an existing professional development program and identify gaps in learning opportunities...
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#5
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417521/evaluating-the-quality-of-the-deliberation-in-moral-case-deliberations-a-coding-scheme
#6
Hylke Jellema, Swanny Kremer, Anne-Ruth Mackor, Bert Molewijk
Moral Case Deliberation (MCD) is an up and coming form of ethics support wherein clinical professionals deliberate about moral questions they face in their work. So far, it has been unclear what quality of deliberation in MCD is entailed and how to evaluate this quality. This article proposes a coding scheme that fits the theoretical background of MCD and allows researchers to evaluate the quality of the deliberation in MCDs. We consider deliberation in MCD to be of good quality when participants enrich their own understanding of a case by being exposed to the viewpoints of others...
May 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414621/the-american-association-of-occupational-health-nurses-seventy-five-years-of-education-practice-and-research
#7
Joy E Wachs
For the past 75 years, the American Association of Industrial Nurses, and later the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, has advocated for occupational and environmental health nurses by supporting quality undergraduate and graduate education in the specialty and certification through the American Board of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc., and providing funding for and dissemination of occupational health nursing research as well as by developing occupational health nursing practice standards, competencies, and code of ethics...
April 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404484/health-research-capacity-building-in-georgia-a%C3%A2-case-based-needs-assessment
#8
A Squires, T Chitashvili, M Djibuti, L Ridge, D Chyun
OBJECTIVES: Research capacity building in the health sciences in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has typically focused on bench-science capacity, but research examining health service delivery and health workforce is equally necessary to determine the best ways to deliver care. The Republic of Georgia, formerly a part of the Soviet Union, has multiple issues within its healthcare system that would benefit from expended research capacity, but the current research environment needs to be explored prior to examining research-focused activities...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401577/a-brief-report-on-the-ethical-and-legal-guides-for-technology-use-in-marriage-and-family-therapy
#9
Michael Pennington, Rikki Patton, Amber Ray, Heather Katafiasz
Marriage and family therapists (MFTs) use ethical codes and state licensure laws/rules as guidelines for best clinical practice. It is important that professional codes reflect the potential exponential use of technology in therapy. However, current standards regarding technology use lack clarity. To explore this gap, a summative content analysis was conducted on state licensure laws/rules and professional ethical codes to find themes and subthemes among the many aspects of therapy in which technology can be utilized...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401510/a-systematic-literature-review-of-us-engineering-ethics-interventions
#10
Justin L Hess, Grant Fore
Promoting the ethical formation of engineering students through the cultivation of their discipline-specific knowledge, sensitivity, imagination, and reasoning skills has become a goal for many engineering education programs throughout the United States. However, there is neither a consensus throughout the engineering education community regarding which strategies are most effective towards which ends, nor which ends are most important. This study provides an overview of engineering ethics interventions within the U...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400460/direct-costs-of-osteoporosis-related-hip-fractures-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-national-database
#11
Zhila Maghbooli, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Maryam Jafarpour, Sima Noursaadat, Majid Ramezani, Roxana Hashemian, Syamak Moattari
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that Iran accounted for about 1% of hip fracture burden of the world in 2007, but these data are based on incomplete evidence. As the country's population is ageing, it is expected that a dramatic rise in hip fracture incidence will result. There is no single national study that accurately estimates the incidence of all hip fractures in the country or identifies the direct costs for affected patients. To help fill this gap, the current study has been designed to determine the incidence of hip fracture associated with osteoporosis in the Iranian population and to assess the direct costs involved...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399688/conscience-conscientious-objection-and-nursing-a-concept-analysis
#12
Christina Lamb, Marilyn Evans, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Carol A Wong, Ken W Kirkwood
BACKGROUND: Ethical nursing practice is increasingly challenging, and strategies for addressing ethical dilemmas are needed to support nurses' ethical care provision. Conscientious objection is one such strategy for addressing nurses' personal, ethical conflicts, at times associated with conscience. Exploring both conscience and conscientious objection provides understanding regarding their implications for ethical nursing practice, research, and education. Research aim: To analyze the concepts of conscience and conscientious objection in the context of nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393337/-living-with-tolerable-burden-exploring-the-ethical-self-of-nurses-who-provide-end-of-life-care
#13
Ying-Chun Liu, Yu-Lun Tai, Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: Providing end-of-life (EOL) care elicits complex emotions in nurses in the context of modern medicine. Nurses must not only watch their patients succumb to disease and death but also witness their suffering. PURPOSE: This qualitative study adopted the perspective of "the other", as proposed by Emmanuel Levinas, to understand the experience of nurses who provide EOL care and the possibilities of nurses build up their ethical selves within the context of modern medicine...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374934/the-hfea-should-be-regulating-add-on-treatments-for-ivf-icsi
#14
William L Ledger
The HFEA has come a long way since its inception in 1990. Public and professional concern was initially focused on the many ethical challenges presented by the new technologies used in ART, and in particular the need for consideration of the welfare of children that may be born after their use. Hence much of the time of the HFEA is spent on matters pertaining to medical ethics, such as reduction of the multiple embryo transfer rate (improving the health of ART children by avoiding multiple pregnancy), and identification of gamete donors to their offspring...
April 4, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367463/fourth-year-medical-students-reflective-writing-on-death-of-ivan-ilych-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mahshid Zohouri, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb
INTRODUCTION: Medical students should be familiar with the end of life ethical issues and its considerations. For teaching end of life care to medical students, literature is a source of excellent narratives of patients with experiences of terminally ill condition in their journey through suffering and one of the most favourite bioethics literature readings has been the death of Ivan Ilych by Tolstoy. We used this novel to show medical students end of life events and suffering and asked them to write a reflective essay on it...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363383/becoming-inclusive-a-code-of-conduct-for-inclusion-and-diversity
#16
Bonnie J Schmidt, Brent R MacWilliams, Leslie Neal-Boylan
There are increasing concerns about exclusionary behaviors and lack of diversity in the nursing profession. Exclusionary behaviors, which may include incivility, bullying, and workplace violence, discriminate and isolate individuals and groups who are different, whereas inclusive behaviors encourage diversity. To address inclusion and diversity in nursing, this article offers a code of conduct. This code of conduct builds on existing nursing codes of ethics and applies to nursing students and nurses in both educational and practice settings...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360241/protocol-for-validating-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-icd-9-cm-codes-in-healthcare-administrative-databases-the-umbria-data-value-project
#17
Francesco Cozzolino, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Anna Mengoni, Maria Francesca Cerasa, Paolo Eusebi, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Alessandro Montedori
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases can provide a comprehensive assessment of the burden of diseases in terms of major outcomes, such as mortality, hospital readmissions and use of healthcare resources, thus providing answers to a wide spectrum of research questions. However, a crucial issue is the reliability of information gathered. Aim of this protocol is to validate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for major cardiovascular diseases, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#18
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#19
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#20
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
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