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Code of ethics

Inger Hagqvist, Stig Rödjer, Anna Aggeryd, Ebba Holmberg, Göran Bondjers
Experiences from PLUS - program for learning and development in Swedish health care In Sweden, more than half of newly registered physicians have been trained outside of the country. Thus, they are not familiar with Swedish culture and the Swedish healthcare system. To support their introduction to a professional carrier in Sweden, in line with the WHO ethical code for recruitment of health personnel, the health care region of Western Sweden established PLUS - program for learning and development in Swedish Health care...
October 24, 2016: Läkartidningen
Francis Barchi, Madison T Little
BACKGROUND: Ethical and regulatory guidance on the collection and use of human biospecimens (HBS) for research forms an essential component of national health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where rapid advances in genetic- and genomic-based technologies are fueling clinical trials involving HBS and the establishment of large-scale biobanks. METHODS: An extensive multi-level search for publicly available ethics regulatory guidance was conducted for each SSA country...
October 22, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Junji Shiraishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Caitlin E Rancher, Jody M Shoemaker, Linda E Petree, Mark Holdsworth, John P Phillips, Deborah L Helitzer
BACKGROUND: Returning neuroimaging incidental findings (IF) may create a challenge to research participants' health literacy skills as they must interpret and make appropriate healthcare decisions based on complex radiology jargon. Disclosing IF can therefore present difficulties for participants, research institutions and the healthcare system. The purpose of this study was to identify the extent of the health literacy challenges encountered when returning neuroimaging IF. We report on findings from a retrospective survey and focus group sessions with major stakeholders involved in disclosing IF...
October 11, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Xiong Xiao, Nan Li, Dapeng Zhang, Bo Yang, Hongmei Guo, Yuemin Li
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) share many characteristics with embryonic stem cells, but lack ethical controversy. They provide vast opportunities for disease modeling, pathogenesis understanding, therapeutic drug development, toxicology, organ synthesis, and treatment of degenerative disease. However, this procedure also has many potential challenges, including a slow generation time, low efficiency, partially reprogrammed colonies, as well as somatic coding mutations in the genome. Pioneered by Shinya Yamanaka's team in 2006, iPSCs were first generated by introducing four transcription factors: Oct 4, Sox 2, Klf 4, and c-Myc (OSKM)...
October 2016: Cellular Reprogramming
Stavros Vryonides, Evridiki Papastavrou, Andreas Charalambous, Panayiota Andreou, Christos Eleftheriou, Anastasios Merkouris
BACKGROUND: Previous research has linked missed nursing care to nurses' work environment. Ethical climate is a part of work environment, but the relationship of missed care to different types of ethical climate is unknown. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: To describe the types of ethical climate in adult in-patient cancer care settings, and their relationship to missed nursing care. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive correlation design was used. Data were collected using the Ethical Climate Questionnaire and the MISSCARE survey tool, and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and analysis of variance...
September 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Esther Peters, Ravindra L Mehta, Patrick T Murray, Jürgen Hummel, Michael Joannidis, John A Kellum, Jacques Arend, Peter Pickkers
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 55-60% of critically ill patients, and sepsis is the most common underlying cause. No pharmacological treatment options are licensed to treat sepsis-associated AKI (SA-AKI); only supportive renal replacement therapy (RRT) is available. One of the limited number of candidate compounds in clinical development to treat SA-AKI is alkaline phosphatase (AP). The renal protective effect of purified bovine intestinal AP has been demonstrated in critically ill sepsis patients...
2016: BMJ Open
Wael Haddara, Lorelei Lingard
As an ideal, altruism has long enjoyed privileged status in medicine and medical education. As a practice, altruism is perceived to be in decline in the current generation. A number of educational efforts are underway to reclaim this "lost value" of medicine. In this paper we explore constructions of altruism over a defined period of time through a content analysis of the Canadian and Australian Medical Associations (CMA and AMA respectively) Codes of Ethics. We analyzed all editions of both Codes (1868-2004), using a content analysis approach, including thematic analysis...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Corinna Klingler, Georg Marckmann
BACKGROUND: With Germany facing a shortage of doctors, hospitals have been increasingly recruiting physicians from abroad. Studies in other countries have shown that migrant physicians experience various difficulties in their work, which might impact the quality of patient care, physician job satisfaction, and, accordingly, retention. The experiences of migrant doctors in Germany have not been systematically studied so far and will likely differ from experiences migrant physicians make in other contexts...
2016: Human Resources for Health
A Guérin, J-F Bussières
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to assess the position of Quebec pharmaceutical community about pharmaceutical ethics statements. The second objective was to compare the level of agreement of pharmacy students and hospitals pharmacists. METHOD: Survey conducted one day given in 2012 and 2013 for students in 2013 and from 29/08/2014 to 02/09/2014 for pharmacists. A questionnaire of eight themes and 43 statements was developed: training and education (5 questions), clinical research (7) advertising and marketing (5) evaluation (5) dispensing medication (4), pharmaceutical care (9) economic aspect (6) and code of ethics (2)...
September 19, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Marsha D Fowler
Modern American nursing arose during the Civil War and subsequently adopted the Nightingale educational model in the 1870s. By 1889, the journal Trained Nurse and Hospital Review had been established. It published a six-part series on ethics in nursing. With the establishment of the American Nurses Association in 1893, the articles of incorporation gave the organization its first charge: "to establish and maintain a code of ethics." While the rich and enduring tradition of nursing's ethics has been concerned about individual patients and their relational nexus, nursing ethics has from the beginning been a social ethics, intimately concerned both for the shape of society and for social change...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
Amanda Martin, Kira Becker, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: Neuroethics describes several interdisciplinary topics exploring the application and implications of engaging neuroscience in societal contexts. To explore this topic, we present Part 3 of a four-part bibliography of neuroethics' literature focusing on the "ethics of neuroscience." METHODS: To complete a systematic survey of the neuroethics literature, 19 databases and 4 individual open-access journals were employed. Searches were conducted using the indexing language of the U...
2016: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Margaret Hegge, Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The authors in this article retrospectively analyze the community change process undertaken by an American Nurses Association appointed Steering Committee mandated to revise the 2001 Code of Ethics for nursing. The authors identify the community change phases as the following: organizing for diversity of thinking; scanning the horizon of ethical thought; developing unifying discourse; creating new languaging; anticipating an emerging future; and, bearing witness to community innovation. The humanbecoming community change processes are used to expand understanding of these phases of change...
October 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
Julio García-Guerrero, Ernesto Tarazona López, Blanca Martínez Calduch, Enrique Jesús Vera-Remartínez, María Antonia Jiménez de Aldasoro, Vicente Boix Rajadell, Mario Ventura López
AIM: to describe the expedient's features those settle the medical ethics commissions of the provincial colleges (PMEC). MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY: descriptive study, retrospective from the typology of the received claims to the PMEC between 01-06-2013 and 31-05-2014. The colleges were selected by simple stratified random sample. Variables related with the origin of the claim, chapter of the Medical Ethics Code affected, resolution timescales, judgement and others; were gathered...
May 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
Prateek Agarwal, Christina E Sarris, Yehuda Herschman, Nitin Agarwal, Antonios Mammis
Schizophrenia is a chronic and progressive psychiatric disease that remains difficult to manage in the 21st century. Current medical therapies have been able to give reprieve and decrease incidence of psychotic episodes. However, as the disease progresses, patients can become ever more refractory to current pharmaceutical agents and the polypharmacy that is attempted in treatment. Additionally, many of these drugs have significant adverse effects, leaving the practitioner in a difficult predicament for treating these patients...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Carlos Chiatti, Francesco Cozzolino, Massimiliano Orso, Maria Laura Luchetta, Joseph M Rimland, Giuseppe Ambrosio
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases are useful to investigate the epidemiology, health outcomes, quality indicators and healthcare utilisation concerning peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding, but the databases need to be validated in order to be a reliable source for research. The aim of this protocol is to perform the first systematic review of studies reporting the validation of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and 10th version (ICD-9 and ICD-10) codes for peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Melissa J Parker, Sonya de Laat, Lisa Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: Prospective informed consent is required for most research involving human participants; however, this is impracticable under some circumstances. The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) outlines the requirements for research involving human participants in Canada. The need for an exception to consent (deferred consent) is recognised and endorsed in the TCPS for research in individual medical emergencies; however, little is known about substitute decision-maker (SDM) experiences...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Mickey Keenan
Throughout the history of science, the scientific image has played a significant role in communication. With recent developments in computing technology, there has been an increase in the kinds of opportunities now available for scientists to communicate in more sophisticated ways. Within behavior analysis, though, we are only just beginning to appreciate the importance of going beyond the printing press to elucidate basic principles of behavior. The aim of this manuscript is to stimulate appreciation of both the role of the scientific image and the opportunities provided by a quick response code (QR code) for enhancing the functionality of the printed page...
May 2016: Behavior Analyst
Evelyne Durocher, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Lisa McCorquodale, Shanon Phelan
Ethical tensions arise daily in health care practice and are frequently related to health care system structures or policies. Collective case study methodology was adopted to examine ethical tensions reported by occupational therapists practicing in different settings in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Inductive analysis involving multiple layers of coding was conducted. This article focuses on tensions related to systemic constraints. Participants reported ethical tensions related to balancing client priorities with those of health care services...
September 3, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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