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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818843/seizures-safety-and-submersion-sense-and-sensibility
#1
EDITORIAL
Richard E Appleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799951/surface-engineered-blood-adsorption-device-for-hyperphosphatemia-treatment
#2
Quan Shi, Michael Jolly, Marian G Mccord, Melanie S Joy
Correspondence: Melanie S. Joy, PharmD, PhD, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mail Stop C238, Room V20-4108, 12850 East Montview Blvd, Aurora, CO 80045. Email: Melanie.Joy@ucdenver.eduThe research employed surface engineering methods to develop, optimize, and characterize a novel textile-based hemoadsorption device for hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis-dependent end-stage kidney disease. Phosphate adsorbent fabrics (PAFs) were prepared by thermopressing alumina powders to polyester filtration fabrics and treatment with trimesic acid (TMA)...
August 8, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796753/comparative-study-of-radon-concentration-with-two-techniques-and-elemental-analysis-in-drinking-water-samples-of-the-jammu-district-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#3
Ajay Kumar, Manpreet Kaur, Rohit Mehra, Dinesh Kumar Sharma, Rosaline Mishra
The level of radon concentration has been assessed using the Advanced SMART RnDuo technique in 30 drinking water samples from Jammu district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The water samples were collected from wells, hand pumps, submersible pumps, and stored waters. The randomly obtained 14 values of radon concentration in water sources using the SMART RnDuo technique have been compared and cross checked by a RAD7 device. A good positive correlation (R = 0.88) has been observed between the two techniques. The overall value of radon concentration in various water sources has ranged from 2...
August 7, 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773998/optimizing-a-test-method-to-evaluate-resistance-of-pervious-concrete-to-cycles-of-freezing-and-thawing-in-the-presence-of-different-deicing-salts
#4
Chehong Tsang, Medhat H Shehata, Abdurrahmaan Lotfy
The lack of a standard test method for evaluating the resistance of pervious concrete to cycles of freezing and thawing in the presence of deicing salts is the motive behind this study. Different sample size and geometry, cycle duration, and level of submersion in brine solutions were investigated to achieve an optimized test method. The optimized test method was able to produce different levels of damage when different types of deicing salts were used. The optimized duration of one cycle was found to be 24 h with twelve hours of freezing at -18 °C and twelve hours of thawing at +21 °C, with the bottom 10 mm of the sample submerged in the brine solution...
October 28, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760591/the-hairy-lizard-heterothermia-affects-anaesthetic-requirements-in-the-arabian-oryx-oryx-leucoryx
#5
Mads F Bertelsen, Osama Mohammed, Tobias Wang, Paul R Manger, David Michael Scantlebury, Khairi Ismael, Nigel C Bennett, Abdulaziz Alagaili
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of heterothermia on anaesthetic drug requirements in semi-free ranging Arabian oryx and to assess the temperature quotient (Q10) of oxygen consumption. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study and controlled metabolic experiment. ANIMALS: Sixty-eight anaesthetic events in 59 Arabian oryx from Mahazat As-Sayd protected area, Saudi Arabia METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced by remote injection of 25 mg ketamine, 10 mg midazolam and 0...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754034/effect-of-cultivation-ph-on-the-surface-hydrophobicity-of-bacillus-subtilis-spores
#6
Elisabeth Eschlbeck, Simon A W Bauer, Ulrich Kulozik
Bacillus subtilis spores are often used as biological indicators (BI) to monitor decontamination processes with gaseous hydrogen peroxide. Results in practical inactivation validation tests, however, vary considerably with no available explanation so far. This study reports on the effect of cultivation pH on spore surface hydrophobicity. Surface hydrophobicity is suspected to have an impact on the decontamination of technical surfaces such as packaging material when gaseous, condensing hydrogen peroxide is applied...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751530/a-10-year-review-of-child-injury-hospitalisations-health-outcomes-and-treatment-costs-in-australia
#7
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Childhood injury is a leading cause of hospitalisation, yet there has been no comprehensive examination of child injury and survival over time in Australia. To examine the characteristics, temporal trend and survival for children who were hospitalised as a result of injury in Australia. METHOD: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for injured children aged 16 years or less during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012. Negative binomial regression examined change in injury hospitalisation trends...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719478/a-review-of-nonfatal-drowning-in-the-pediatric-age-group-a-10-year-experience-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Faisal O Al-Qurashi, Abdullah A Yousef, Abdullah Aljoudi, Saleh M Alzahrani, Nasser Y Al-Jawder, Abdulrahman K Al-Ahmar, Mosab S Al-Majed, Hussam M Abouollo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nonfatal drowning experience, risk factors, intrahospital assessment and postincidental outcomes for children admitted to King Fahd Hospital of the University, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, over a 10-year period. METHODS: Children up to the age of 14 years who were admitted with the diagnosis of nonfatal drowning from July 2005 to June 2015 were included. Data regarding demographics, timing, season and location of drowning, presence of an assigned lifeguard, duration of submersion and transport to hospital, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, temperature, pH, blood sugar level, total hospital stay, and discharge status were extrapolated, and their effects on the patient's outcome analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718028/predicting-attenuation-of-solar-radiation-uv-b-uv-a-and-par-in-waste-stabilization-ponds-under-sahelian-climatic-conditions
#9
Ynoussa Maiga, Joseph Wethé, Aboubakar Sidiki Ouattara, Alfred S Traoré
Because of its importance in pathogen removal and algal productivity in waste stabilization ponds, sunlight penetration was measured in microcosms and in situ under Sahelian climatic conditions. The different wavelengths were detected using a submersible radiometer equipped with three sensors: UV-B (311 nm), UV-A (369 nm) and photosynthetically available radiation (PAR, 400-700 nm). UV-B was more attenuated than UV-A and PAR. Facultative pond was more light-attenuating than maturation pond. The mean euphotic depths for UV-B were 0...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715890/spring-melt-and-the-redistribution-of-organochlorine-pesticides-in-the-sea-ice-environment-a-comparative-study-between-arctic-and-antarctic-regions
#10
Marie Bigot, Darryl W Hawker, Roger Cropp, Derek Cg Muir, Bjarne Jensen, Rossana Bossi, Susan M Bengtson Nash
Complementary sampling of air, snow, sea-ice, and seawater for a range of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) was undertaken through the early stages of respective spring sea-ice melting at coastal sites in northeast Greenland and eastern Antarctica to investigate OCP concentrations and redistribution during this time. Mean concentrations in seawater, sea-ice and snow were generally greater at the Arctic site. For example, α-HCH was found to have the largest concentrations of all analytes in Arctic seawater and sea-ice meltwater samples (224-253 and 34...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696147/effects-of-desiccation-practices-of-cultured-atlantic-oysters-crassostrea-virginica-on-vibrio-spp-in-portersville-bay-alabama-usa
#11
Stephanie M Grodeska, Jessica L Jones, Covadonga R Arias, William C Walton
The expansion of off-bottom aquaculture to the Gulf of Mexico has raised public health concerns for human health officials. High temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico are associated with high levels of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. Routine desiccation practices associated with off-bottom aquaculture expose oysters to ambient air, allowing Vibrio spp. to proliferate in the closed oyster. Currently, there is limited research on the length of time needed for Vibrio spp. levels in desiccated oysters to return to background levels, defined as the levels found in oysters that remain continually submersed and not exposed to ambient air...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634326/a-chrysoporthe-cubensis-enzyme-cocktail-produced-from-a-low-cost-carbon-source-with-high-biomass-hydrolysis-efficiency
#12
Thiago Rodrigues Dutra, Valéria Monteze Guimarães, Ednilson Mascarenhas Varela, Lílian da Silva Fialho, Adriane Maria Ferreira Milagres, Daniel Luciano Falkoski, José Cola Zanuncio, Sebastião Tavares de Rezende
Low cost and high efficiency cellulolytic cocktails can consolidate lignocellulosic ethanol technologies. Sugarcane bagasse (SCB) is a low cost agro-industrial residue, and its use as a carbon source can reduce the costs of fungi cultivation for enzyme production. Chrysoporthe cubensis grown under solid state fermentation (SSF) with wheat bran has potential to produce efficient enzymatic extracts for SCB saccharification. This fungus was grown under submersed fermentation (SmF) and SSF with in natura SCB, pretreated with acid or alkali and with others carbon sources...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605869/does-the-responses-of-vallisneria-natans-lour-hara-to-high-nitrogen-loading-differ-between-the-summer-high-growth-season-and-the-low-growth-season
#13
Qing Yu, Hai-Jun Wang, Hong-Zhu Wang, Yan Li, Xiao-Min Liang, Chi Xu, Erik Jeppesen
Loss of submersed macrophytes is a world-wide phenomenon occurring when shallow lakes become eutrophic due to excess nutrient loading. In addition to the well-known effect of phosphorus, nitrogen as a trigger of macrophyte decline has received increasing attention. The precise impact of high nitrogen concentrations is debated, and the role of different candidate factors may well change over the season. In this study, we conducted experiments with Vallisneria natans during the growing season (June-September) in 10 ponds subjected to substantial differences in nitrogen loading (five targeted total nitrogen concentrations: control, 2, 10, 20, and 100mgL(-1)) and compared the results with those obtained in our earlier published study from the low-growth season (December-April)...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580514/complete-protection-against-cryodamage-of-cryopreserved-whole-bovine-and-human-ovaries-using-dmso-as-a-cryoprotectant
#14
Johan R Westphal, Renne Gerritse, Didi D M Braat, Catharina C M Beerendonk, Ronald Peek
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the optimal cryopreservation protocol for whole ovaries intended for preservation of fertility in women. METHODS: We investigated the optimal cryopreservation procedure for whole ovaries in a bovine model. The following parameters were investigated to determine their effect on ovarian tissue viability: type of cryoprotectant, administration route of the cryoprotectant (perfusion and/or submersion), and the maximum tolerable interval between death of the animal and start of the cryopreservation process...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579915/microbiome-variation-in-corals-with-distinct-depth-distribution-ranges-across-a-shallow-mesophotic-gradient-15-85%C3%A2-m
#15
Bettina Glasl, Pim Bongaerts, Nathalie H Elisabeth, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Gerhard J Herndl, Pedro R Frade
Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) are generally poorly studied, and our knowledge of lower MCEs (below 60 m depth) is largely limited to visual surveys. Here, we provide a first detailed assessment of the prokaryotic community associated with scleractinian corals over a depth gradient to the lower mesophotic realm (15-85 m). Specimens of three Caribbean coral species exhibiting differences in their depth distribution ranges (Agaricia grahamae, Madracis pharensis and Stephanocoenia intersepta) were collected with a manned submersible on the island of Curaçao, and their prokaryotic communities assessed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis...
2017: Coral Reefs: Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570900/glutathione-biosynthesis-plays-an-important-role-against-4-tert-octylphenol-induced-oxidative-stress-in-ceratophyllum-demersum
#16
Annisa' Bias Cahyanurani, Kuo-Hsun Chiu, Tsung-Meng Wu
4-tert-octylphenol (OP) is a persistent environmental pollutant with an endocrine-disrupting property. In the present study, we examined the effect of various concentrations of OP (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 3 mg L(-1)) applied to an aquatic plant, the submersed macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum. The toxic effect caused by OP inhibited the plant's growth rate, reduced total chlorophyll content and increased levels of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) O2(•-) and H2O2. OP treatment significantly increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase, guaiacol peroxidase, glutathione reductase and ascorbate peroxidase...
May 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550896/pediatric-near-drowning-events-do-they-warrant-trauma-team-activation
#17
Pranit N Chotai, Lisa Manning, Benjamin Eithun, Joshua C Ross, James W Eubanks, Chad Hamner, Ankush Gosain
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of traumatic injuries, factors associated with mortality, and need for pediatric trauma surgery involvement for drowning and near-drowning events in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional review board-approved, retrospective chart review was performed at three American College of Surgeons-verified Pediatric Trauma Centers (2011-2014). Patients with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes or E-codes for fatal-nonfatal drowning, fall into water, accidental drowning, or submersion were included...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544900/kinetics-of-glucocorticoid-exposure-in-developing-zebrafish-a-tracer-study
#18
Peter Johannes Steenbergen, Nabila Bardine, Faiza Sharif
In the current study the dynamics of glucocorticoid uptake by zebrafish chorionated embryos from the surrounding medium were studied, using 2.5 μM cortisol or dexamethasone solutions complemented with their tritiated variant. We measured the uptake of radioactive cortisol by embryos during a 1 h submersion. Interestingly, the signal in chorionated embryos was 85% (exposure: 1-2 hpf) or 78% (exposure: 48-49 hpf) of the signal present in an equal volume medium. By comparing embryos measured without chorion, we found that 18-20% of the radioactivity present in chorionated embryos is actually bound to the chorion or located in the perivitelline space...
May 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542432/a-new-mesophotic-goby-palatogobius-incendius-teleostei-gobiidae-and-the-first-record-of-invasive-lionfish-preying-on-undescribed-biodiversity
#19
Luke Tornabene, Carole C Baldwin
A new species of deep-reef fish in the goby genus Palatogobius is described from recent submersible collections off Curaçao and Dominica. Video footage of schools of this species reveal predation by the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois spp.), the first record of undescribed fauna potentially being eaten by lionfish outside of its native range. We present molecular phylogenetic data for all valid species of Palatogobius and related genera, as well as a taxonomic key to the species of Palatogobius and a generic key to Palatogobius and related genera in the western Atlantic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511604/duplicated-or-hybridized-peptide-functional-domains-promote-oral-homeostasis
#20
T Basiri, N D Johnson, E B Moffa, Y Mulyar, P L Serra Nunes, M A A M Machado, W L Siqueira
Proteins that have existed for millions of years frequently contain repeats of functional domains within their primary structure, thereby improving their functional capacity. In the evolutionary young statherin protein contained within the in vivo-acquired enamel pellicle (AEP), we identified a single functional domain (DR9) located within the protein N-terminal portion that exhibits a higher affinity for hydroxyapatite and more efficient protection against enamel demineralization compared to other native statherin peptides...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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