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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431110/african-histoplasmosis-new-clinical-and-microbiological-insights
#1
C Valero, S Gago, M C Monteiro, A Alastruey-Izquierdo, M J Buitrago
African histoplasmosis is defined as the fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var. duboisii (Hcd). Studies focused on distinguishing Hcd and H. capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc), which coexist in Africa, are scarce or outdated, and African strains are continuously underrepresented. In this work, 13 cases of African patients with histoplasmosis diagnosed in the Spanish Mycology Reference Laboratory have been reviewed showing that 77% had disseminated disease and AIDS as underlying disease although Hcd infection has been classically considered a rare presentation in AIDS patients...
April 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406413/lung-nodule-in-french-guiana-in-a-immunocompetent-patient
#2
N Barthes, F Morin, V Pommier de Santi, S Briolant
We report the case of an immunocompetent French soldier stationed in French Guiana, who developed symptomatic pulmonary histoplasmosis.
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405488/multiple-intravitreal-ranibizumab-injections-for-persistant-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-presumed-ocular-histoplasmosis-syndrome
#3
Turgut Yılmaz, Seyhan Dikci, Oğuzhan Genç, Kayhan Mutlu
Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) is a clinical entity that is characterized by small, round, discrete, macular or mid peripheral atrophic (punched out) chorioretinal lesions (histo spots), peripapillary scarring, choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and the absence of anterior uveitis and vitritis. Diagnosis of this disorder is based upon characteristic clinical findings and a positive histoplasmin skin test or residence in an endemic region for Histoplasma capsulatum. There is no active systemic disease during diagnosis of POHS...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395939/a-case-series-of-histoplasmosis-patients-with-elevated-serum-soluble-interleukin-2-receptor-levels
#4
Tatsuro Hirayama, Takahiro Takazono, Kazuma Iwata, Hiroaki Senju, Takaharu Shimazaki, Masato Tashiro, Tomomi Saijo, Takeshi Tanaka, Shigeki Nakamura, Yoshifumi Imamura, Maiko Kojiro, Taiga Miyazaki, Misuzu Tsukamoto, Akitsugu Furumoto, Konosuke Morimoto, Yasunori Muraosa, Yuichi Matsubara, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae, Katsuhiko Kamei, Shigeru Kohno, Koichi Izumikawa
Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis that is usually asymptomatic but occasionally results in severe illness. Histoplasmosis and its causative agent, Histoplasma capsulatum, are found worldwide but rarely in Japan. In recent years, however, the number of histoplasmosis patients in Japan has increased. In addition, to our knowledge, there are no previous reports of increased serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels in patients with histoplasmosis. We report a case series of histoplasmosis in three Japanese temporary workers in Manzanillo, Mexico...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394553/drug-induced-oral-ulcerations-case-report
#5
Vanja Vučičević Boras, Snježana Židovec-Lepej, Branka Marinović, Sven Seiwerth, Ivana Škrinjar, Dražen Pulanić, Danica Vidović Juras
A 70-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Oral Medicine for multiple oral ulcerations on the left buccal mucosa, around 0.5 cm in diameter, as well as on the gingiva. Otherwise, the patient suffered from chronic lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, chronic renal insufficiency, with complete afunction of the right kidney, asthma, hypertension, gastritis and prostate hyperplasia. Differential diagnosis of oral ulcerations included drug induced oral ulcerations, paraneoplastic pemphigus, viral ulcerations (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex viruses), fungal ulcerations (candidiasis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis) and bacterial ulcerations, as well as neutropenic ulcers...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391953/-efficacy-of-the-treatment-and-secondary-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-aids-related-histoplasmosis-experience-at-the-francisco-j-mu%C3%A3-iz-infectious-diseases-hospital-in-buenos-aires
#6
Ricardo Negroni, Fernando Messina, Alicia Arechavala, Gabriela Santiso, Mario Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Classic histoplasmosis is a systemic endemic mycosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum. A significant reduction in the morbidity and mortality of AIDS-related histoplasmosis has been observed since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and secondary antifungal prophylaxis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the current state of prognosis and treatment response of HIV-positive patients with histoplasmosis in the Francisco J...
April 5, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380270/oral-ulcers-associated-with-bone-destruction-as-the-primary-manifestation-of-histoplasmosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#7
J A Figueira, D J Camilo, É R Biasoli, G I Miyahara, D G Bernabé
Histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal infection caused by Histoplasmacapsulatum, a saprophyte fungus commonly found in enriched soils with bat and bird droppings.[1] Oral manifestations of histoplasmosis are associated with the disseminated form of the disease, occurring in general associated with pulmonary infection.[2] We report a rare case of oral histoplasmosis with periodontal bone destruction in an immunocompetent patient without underlying pulmonary disease. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380215/recombinant-60-kda-heat-shock-protein-from-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis-is-it-a-good-antigen-for-serological-diagnosis-of-paracoccidioidomycosis
#8
G Peron, F F Fernandes, T N Landgraf, R Martinez, A Panunto-Castelo
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and P. lutzii are fungi that cause paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), the most prevalent systemic mycosis in South America. For serological diagnosis, although 43-kDa glycoprotein (gp43) is regarded as highly specific for PCM, the occurrence of false negative reactions in sera from patients infected with P. lutzii suggests that preparation with only one antigen is not recommended. Heat shock proteins are feasible alternatives as a second antigen because they are often highly immunogenic...
April 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379418/histoplasmosis-in-pleural-effusion-in-a-23-year-old-man-with-mixed-phenotype-acute-leukemia
#9
Sudha Sharma, Priya Singh, Kamal Kant Sahu, Arvind Rajwanshi, Pankaj Malhotra, Shano Naseem
Histoplasmosis has been observed in patients with immunosuppression in the form of isolated pulmonary involvement and disseminated disease. However, very few cases of this type that involved pleural effusion have been reported, and none have been reported in a case individual with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL). Herein, we report a case involving a 23 year old Punjabi man having fever and breathlessness in the postinduction therapy period for mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) with diagnosis of histoplasmosis based on the results of pleural fluid cytologic testing...
April 1, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349614/progressive-histoplasmosis-with-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-and-epithelioid-cell-granulomatosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
A B Schulze, B Heptner, T Kessler, B Baumgarten, V Stoica, M Mohr, R Wiewrodt, V Warneke, W Hartmann, J Wüllenweber, C Schülke, M Schäfers, D Wilmes, K Becker, L H Schmidt, A H Groll, W E Berdel
Histoplasmosis in central Europe is a rare fungal disease with diverse clinical presentations. Apart from acute pulmonary histoplasmosis and involvement of the central nervous system, the most serious clinical presentation is progressive disseminated histoplasmosis which is generally associated with severe immunodeficiency and in particular, advanced HIV-infection. Here we report on an immunocompetent female residing in a non-endemic area, presenting with progressive disseminated histoplasmosis after a remote travel history to Thailand and Costa Rica...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348765/progressive-disseminated-histoplasmosis-mimicking-a-flare-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-european-case-report
#11
M L M van Doorn-Schepens, E J Peters, R M van Vugt, J I van der Spoel, K van Dijk
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing progressive disseminated histoplasmosis (PDH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is diagnostically challenging. Since PDH is lethal when untreated, awareness of this infection in patients with SLE is of utmost importance. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a case of PDH in a patient with SLE in Europe. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old woman of Surinamese descent with a history of SLE, presented with fever and polyarthritis...
August 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333879/intravitreal-aflibercept-injection-for-choroidal-neovascularization-due-to-presumed-ocular-histoplasmosis-syndrome-the-handle-study
#12
Brian W Toussaint, John W Kitchens, Dennis M Marcus, Daniel M Miller, Megan L Kingdon, Diana Holcomb, Ken Ivey
PURPOSE: To evaluate intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) in patients with presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome and choroidal neovascularization. METHODS: Open-label randomized Phase I/II study of IAI in patients with presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome-related choroidal neovascularization. Thirty-nine eyes from 39 patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to 2 groups. The Sustained Group eyes (n = 19) underwent monthly IAI for 3 months, then mandatory IAI every 2 months for 12 months (with an option for monthly PRN dosing, if needed)...
March 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327821/disseminated-histoplasmosis-diagnosed-in-a-peripheral-blood-smear
#13
André Luiz Maltos, Evaldo Maia, Cristina da Cunha Hueb Barata de Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317569/oral-fungal-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
David R Telles, Niraj Karki, Michael W Marshall
Oral and maxillofacial fungal infections can appear in high-risk patients, including those immunocompromised. This article explores common oral manifestations of fungal infections in the oral cavity as primary lesions or as a result of disseminated disease. By far the most common oral fungal infection experienced in dentistry is oral candidiasis, which is reviewed in depth from simple oral infections to invasive candidiasis. The review aids the dental practitioner in understanding the full scope of Candida infections and other fungal infections...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283816/fowl-adenovirus-history-emergence-biology-and-development-of-a-vaccine-against-hydropericardium-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
M S Shah, A Ashraf, M I Khan, M Rahman, M Habib, M I Chughtai, J A Qureshi
The poultry industry has emerged as one of the largest and fastest growing public sectors in the developed and developing countries. Unfortunately, this industry is under a major threat from diseases that are viral (Newcastle disease, infectious bursal disease, influenza, hydropericardium syndrome), bacterial (colibacillosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis), parasitic (coccidiosis, histoplasmosis) or nutritional (dyschondroplasia, osteoporosis). Among these diseases, hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) is one of the important emerging diseases occurring in the specific areas of the world where broilers (chickens) are reared under intensive conditions...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275076/laboratory-diagnostics-for-histoplasmosis
#16
Marwan M Azar, Chadi A Hage
The diagnosis of histoplasmosis is based on a multi-faceted approach that includes clinical, radiographic and laboratory evidence of disease. The gold standards for laboratory diagnosis include demonstration of yeast on pathologic examination of tissue and isolation of the mold in culture of clinical specimens but antigen detection has provided a rapid, non-invasive, and highly sensitive method for diagnosis as well as a useful marker of treatment response. Molecular methods with improved sensitivity on clinical specimens are being developed, but are not ready yet for widespread clinical use...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273974/primary-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-masquerading-as-lepromatous-leprosy
#17
Jenna Blah Bhattacharya, Poonam Rani, Radhika Aggarwal, Seema Kaushal
Histoplasmosis is a genus of dimorphic fungi having various varieties of which the commonest one causing infection is Histoplasma capsulatum known to cause histoplasmosis. It has a varied disease spectrum ranging from an acute infection to chronic disease especially in lungs, disseminated disease and cutaneous disorder. Histoplasma capsulatum usually causes subclinical infection and serious infections only manifest in immunocompromised patients. Frank cases of infection are seen in pulmonary histoplasmosis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262217/disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-early-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#18
Prabhava Bagla, Juan C Sarria
Early human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection leads to transient immunosuppression followed by a quasi-homeostatic state with slow progression towards AIDS. Histoplasmosis has never been reported in early HIV. We present a case of disseminated histoplasmosis with documented recent seroconversion and review the literature regarding other opportunistic infections in early HIV.
March 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255468/disseminated-histoplasmosis-with-oral-manifestation-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#19
Debopriya Chatterjee, Aishwarya Chatterjee, Manoj Agarwal, Meetu Mathur, Setu Mathur, R Mallikarjun, Subrata Banerjee
A case of disseminated histoplasmosis (DH) in a 60-year-old female patient is reported from Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The patient presented with multiple papules on the skin surrounding the lips, face, torso, trunk, and back. She also complained of growth in the palate. Histoplasmosis was confirmed by biopsy and histopathology of skin and palatal lesions. This case report highlights the presenting features and occurrence of histoplasmosis in nonendemic region in India.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250930/disseminated-histoplasmosis-a-rare-clinical-phenotype-with-difficult-diagnosis
#20
Xiao-Feng Xiong, Li-Li Fan, Mei Kang, Jia Wei, De-Yun Cheng
We describe a rare and interesting case of a 37-year-old man who presented with an intermittent fever, progressive cytopenia, and hepatosplenomegaly. Histopathological examination of a bone marrow smear revealed haemophagocytes and intracellular yeast-like Histoplasma capsulatum (H. capsulatum); thus, we prolonged the blood culture duration to detect fungi, and H. capsulatum was detected in the peripheral blood. After the diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis, the patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B and symptomatic therapy...
May 2017: Respirology Case Reports
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