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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728845/the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-osteopathic-treatment-among-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study
#1
Amie Steel, Colombe Tricou, Thomas Monsarrat, Murielle Ruer, Cécile Deslandes, Corinne Sisoix, Marilène Filbet
PURPOSE: This research aimed to explore the perceptions and experiences of cancer patients receiving osteopathic treatment as a complementary therapy when it is used in addition to conventional treatment for cancer pain. METHODS: This qualitative study employed semi structured interviews of cancer patients in a palliative care unit in Lyon, France, who received treatment from an osteopath alongside their conventional cancer treatment. We analysed data using grounded theory and qualitative methods...
May 4, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700421/ultra-slow-mechanical-stimulation-of-olfactory-epithelium-modulates-consciousness-by-slowing-cerebral-rhythms-in-humans
#2
A Piarulli, A Zaccaro, M Laurino, D Menicucci, A De Vito, L Bruschini, S Berrettini, M Bergamasco, S Laureys, A Gemignani
The coupling between respiration and neural activity within olfactory areas and hippocampus has recently been unambiguously demonstrated, its neurophysiological basis sustained by the well-assessed mechanical sensitivity of the olfactory epithelium. We herein hypothesize that this coupling reverberates to the whole brain, possibly modulating the subject's behavior and state of consciousness. The olfactory epithelium of 12 healthy subjects was stimulated with periodical odorless air-delivery (frequency 0.05 Hz, 8 s on, 12 off)...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599851/potential-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-improving-sleep-and-distress
#3
Way K W Lau, Mei-Kei Leung, Yun-Kwok Wing, Tatia M C Lee
The mechanisms of mindfulness-improved sleep quality are not extensively studied. Recently, attention monitoring/awareness and acceptance in mindfulness have been proposed to be the underlying mechanisms that tackle distress and related disorders. The current study tested if acceptance moderated the relationship of awareness with psychological distress and sleep quality, and verified that psychological distress mediated the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality in a group of community-dwelling healthy adults...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581957/impact-of-spiritual-behavior-on-self-reported-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-among-women-in-the-kailali-district-of-nepal
#4
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Johny Bajgai
Background: Different health behaviors influence health and illness. Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of health promotion. The aim of this study was to identify the association between spiritual behavior in relation to meditation, worship, and physical exercise during yoga with self-reported disease/illness among women of the Kailali district of Nepal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 453 randomly selected women in the Kailali district of Nepal within 1 municipality and 4 village development committees (VDC) using cluster sampling...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542330/revealing-the-neural-mechanisms-underlying-the-beneficial-effects-of-tai-chi-a-neuroimaging-perspective
#5
Angus P Yu, Bjorn T Tam, Christopher W Lai, Doris S Yu, Jean Woo, Ka-Fai Chung, Stanley S Hui, Justina Y Liu, Gao X Wei, Parco M Siu
Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese martial art, is well-documented to result in beneficial consequences in physical and mental health. TCC is regarded as a mind-body exercise that is comprised of physical exercise and meditation. Favorable effects of TCC on body balance, gait, bone mineral density, metabolic parameters, anxiety, depression, cognitive function, and sleep have been previously reported. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the effects of TCC remain largely unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have offered new investigative opportunities to reveal the effects of TCC on anatomical morphologies and neurological activities in different regions of the brain...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498748/feasibility-and-pilot-testing-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-for-frail-older-adults-and-individuals-with-dementia
#6
Christine R Kovach, Crystal-Rae Evans, Lisa Sattell, Kimberly Rosenau, Sandeep Gopalakrishnan
Mindfulness interventions have been beneficial for healthy adults and individuals experiencing a stressful medical or mental health diagnosis. The purposes of the current study were to: (a) determine feasibility of mindfulness for older adults in long-term residential settings, and (b) examine differences in outcomes between a mindfulness and cognitive activity. The current study is the first mindfulness study to include individuals in moderate and severe stages of dementia, and included 36 individuals with a range of cognitive abilities...
March 1, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485319/online-meditation-training-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Cesare Cavalera, Marco Rovaris, Laura Mendozzi, Luigi Pugnetti, Massimo Garegnani, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a relevant impact on quality of life (QOL) and is associated with increased risks of psychological morbidity. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are among the most studied interventions, although few well-conducted studies have tested them in this field. Furthermore, the participation in typical MBIs may be impaired by time and logistics. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the efficacy of an online MBI to improve QOL, psychological well-being, sleep, and fatigue...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410750/women-s-sleep-disorders-integrative-care
#8
Cristina Frange, Carolina Vicente Banzoli, Ana Elisa Colombo, Marcele Siegler, Glaury Coelho, Andréia Gomes Bezerra, Marcelo Csermak, Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristiana Cesar-Netto, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castelo Girão, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
The integrative care model is rooted in a biopsychosocial approach. Integrative is a term which refers to increasing the harmony and coherence of your whole being, and integrative care is therefore focused on the person, not on either the disease or a therapy. It is provided collaboratively by a health team comprising physicians, psychologists, physiotherapists, acupuncturists, and meditation, nutrition, and floral therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that interventions based on the integrative care model improved womens lifestyle and quality of life...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372339/mind-body-therapies-for-late-life-mental-and-cognitive-health
#9
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Pattharee Paholpak, Michael Roman, Berna Rahi, Helen Lavretsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing body of research supports the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) as minimally invasive and effective approaches for the management of late-life mood and cognitive disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses indicate that MBTs are effective for enhancing well-being, mood, sleep, and cognition in older adults. Evidence suggests that mindful movement (e.g., yoga, tai chi, walking meditation) may even outperform conventional physical exercise with regard to effects on quality of life, mood, and cognitive functioning...
January 25, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350708/sleep-wake-disturbance-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-for-management-in-patients-with-cancer
#10
Ellyn Matthews, Patricia Carter, Margaretta Page, Grace Dean, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: New or worsening sleep-wake disturbance (SWD) can occur throughout the cancer trajectory.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to critically review available empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of interventions for SWD, highlighting new evidence since the 2006 and 2009 Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) SWD publications.
. METHODS: A systematic review of studies published from 2009-2017 was conducted to identify effective interventions for cancer-related SWD...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#11
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303070/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders
#12
Leonardo F Fontenelle, Julliana N Quintas, Murat Yücel
Many of the currently available treatments for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) such as pharmacotherapy augmentation strategies, partial hospitalization programs, deep brain stimulation, and neurosurgery are efficacious for individuals suffering from more severe forms of these conditions. Unfortunately, the application of these treatments in milder forms of illness and subclinical samples, which affect a substantial portion of the population, is not justifiable by their costs (e.g. cognitive-behavioral therapy) and/or potential for side effects (serotonin-reuptake inhibitors associated sexual side effects)...
January 4, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123357/complementary-therapies-for-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients
#13
Aanchal Satija, Sushma Bhatnagar
Cancer patients are often poly-symptomatic which distressingly affects their quality of lives (QOLs). Alhough, conventional management provides adequate symptom control, yet is coupled with some limitations. Complementary therapies (CTs) have shown beneficial effects in cancer patients for symptomatic relief. The aim of this article is to provide evidence-based review of commonly used CTs for symptom management in cancer care. Hypnosis has promising evidence to be used for managing symptoms such as pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting, distress, fatigue, and hot flashes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937858/our-mother-s-mitochondria-and-our-mind
#14
Peter Kramer, Paola Bressan
Most of the energy we get to spend is furnished by mitochondria, minuscule living structures sitting inside our cells or dispatched back and forth within them to where they are needed. Mitochondria produce energy by burning down what remains of our meal after we have digested it, but at the cost of constantly corroding themselves and us. Here we review how our mitochondria evolved from invading bacteria and have retained a small amount of independence from us; how we inherit them only from our mother; and how they are heavily implicated in learning, memory, cognition, and virtually every mental or neurological affliction...
January 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930252/qigong-and-fibromyalgia-circa-2017
#15
REVIEW
Jana Sawynok, Mary E Lynch
Qigong is an internal art practice with a long history in China. It is currently characterized as meditative movement (or as movement-based embodied contemplative practice), but is also considered as complementary and alternative exercise or mind-body therapy. There are now six controlled trials and nine other reports on the effects of qigong in fibromyalgia. Outcomes are related to amount of practice so it is important to consider this factor in overview analyses. If one considers the 4 trials (201 subjects) that involve diligent practice (30-45 min daily, 6-8 weeks), there are consistent benefits in pain, sleep, impact, and physical and mental function following the regimen, with benefits maintained at 4-6 months...
June 6, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860449/reduced-age-associated-brain-changes-in-expert-meditators-a-multimodal-neuroimaging-pilot-study
#17
Gaël Chételat, Florence Mézenge, Clémence Tomadesso, Brigitte Landeau, Eider Arenaza-Urquijo, Géraldine Rauchs, Claire André, Robin de Flores, Stéphanie Egret, Julie Gonneaud, Géraldine Poisnel, Anne Chocat, Anne Quillard, Béatrice Desgranges, Jean-Gérard Bloch, Matthieu Ricard, Antoine Lutz
Aging is associated with progressive cerebral volume and glucose metabolism decreases. Conditions such as stress and sleep difficulties exacerbate these changes and are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease. Meditation practice, aiming towards stress reduction and emotion regulation, can downregulate these adverse factors. In this pilot study, we explored the possibility that lifelong meditation practice might reduce age-related brain changes by comparing structural MRI and FDG-PET data in 6 elderly expert meditators versus 67 elderly controls...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827214/mobile-mindfulness-intervention-on-an-acute-psychiatric-unit-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#18
Lisa A Mistler, Dror Ben-Zeev, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Mary F Brunette, Matthew J Friedman
BACKGROUND: Aggression and violence on acute psychiatric inpatient units is extensive and leads to negative sequelae for staff and patients. With increasingly acute inpatient milieus due to shorter lengths of stay, inpatient staff is limited in training and time to be able to provide treatments. Mobile technology provides a new platform for offering treatment on such units, but it has not been tested for feasibility or usability in this particular setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of a brief mindfulness meditation mobile phone app intended to reduce anger and aggression in acute psychiatric inpatients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder, and a history of violence...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802468/integrative-medicine-for-insomnia
#19
REVIEW
Eric S Zhou, Paula Gardiner, Suzanne M Bertisch
Difficulty initiating and/or maintaining sleep is a common issue. Patients experiencing insomnia symptoms frequently self-treat their symptoms with sleep medications. However, there remains concern regarding the short- and long-term health impacts of sleep medications. This article discusses the evidence supporting integrative approaches to insomnia treatment, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and mind-body therapies (mindfulness meditation, yoga, tai chi), as well as emerging data for use of other less well supported approaches (dietary supplements, acupuncture)...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766027/telephone-delivered-mindfulness-training-for-people-living-with-hiv-a-qualitative-360%C3%A2-inquiry
#20
Rochelle K Rosen, Larissa A McGarrity, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Carla Rich, Aadia Rana, Michael P Carey
For people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), life stress often undermines quality of life and interferes with medical care. Mindfulness training (MT) may help PLWHA to manage stress. Because standard MT protocols can be burdensome, we explored telephone delivery as a potentially more feasible approach. We used an innovative 360° qualitative inquiry to seek input regarding telephone-delivery of MT for PLWHA in advance of a planned intervention trial. We also sought input on a time- and attention-matched control...
November 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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