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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912947/exploratory-outcome-assessment-of-qigong-tai-chi-easy-on-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Linda K Larkey, Denise J Roe, Lisa Smith, Denise Millstine
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) experience symptoms affecting overall quality of life (QOL), often for a prolonged period post-treatment. Meditative Movement (MM), including Qigong and Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE), has demonstrated benefit for improving QOL issues such as fatigue and sleep, but there is limited evidence of its impact on cognitive function, overall physical activity, and body weight for BCSs. DESIGN: This double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study with 87 female BCSs explored effects of QG/TCE on mental and physical QOL (Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form), cognitive function (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function and two cognitive performance tests from the WAIS III), overall levels of physical activity (PA)(Brief Physical Activity Questionnaire) and body mass index (BMI)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885763/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Mark D Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness. DESIGN: A RCT employing intent-to-treat analysis. METHODS: Adults with FMS received an 8-week SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as cognitive behaviour theory for groups (n = 74)...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847492/post-training-meditation-promotes-motor-memory-consolidation
#3
Maarten A Immink
Following training, motor memory consolidation is thought to involve either memory stabilization or off-line learning processes. The extent to which memory stabilization or off-line learning relies on post-training wakeful periods or sleep is not clear and thus, novel research approaches are needed to further explore the conditions that promote motor memory consolidation. The present experiment represents the first empirical test of meditation as potential facilitator of motor memory consolidation. Twelve adult residents of a yoga center with a mean of 9 years meditation experience were trained on a sequence key pressing task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819804/the-effects-of-mind-subtraction-meditation-on-breast-cancer-survivors-psychological-and-spiritual-well-being-and-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-south-korea
#4
Mi Ra Yun, Misoon Song, Kyung-Hae Jung, Boas J Yu, Kyung Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors experience psychological and spiritual distress, including depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and loss of meaningfulness in life. This distress can negatively impact physical health, quality of life, and quality of sleep. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare and examine the effectiveness of mind subtraction meditation (MSM) and a self-management education (SME) group on breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with South Korean female breast cancer survivors (stages I-III)...
November 4, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760887/comparative-effectiveness-of-three-occupational-therapy-sleep-interventions-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Sharon A Gutman, Kristin A Gregory, Megan M Sadlier-Brown, Marcy A Schlissel, Allison M Schubert, Lee Ann Westover, Richard C Miller
Although sleep intervention is within the domain of occupational therapy, few studies exist supporting practice. Effectiveness of three sleep interventions was compared: Dreampad Pillow®, iRest® meditation, and sleep hygiene. Twenty-nine participants were randomly assigned to the Dreampad Pillow® (n = 10), iRest® meditation (n = 9), and sleep hygiene (n = 10) groups. In Phase 1, all participants used a 7-day sleep hygiene regimen to reduce poor sleep habits. In Phase 2 (14 days), 10 participants used the Dreampad Pillow® and sleep hygiene, nine used the iRest meditation and sleep hygiene, and 10 continued sleep hygiene only...
October 18, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723444/reduced-trauma-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-male-prison-inmates-through-the-transcendental-meditation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sanford Nidich, Tom O'connor, Thomas Rutledge, Jeff Duncan, Blaze Compton, Angela Seng, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Trauma events are four times more prevalent in inmates than in the general public and are associated with increased recidivism and other mental and physical health issues. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in male inmates. DESIGN: One hundred eighty-one inmates with a moderate- to high-risk criminal profile were randomly assigned to either the TM program or to a usual care control group...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663102/mindfulness-meditation-for-insomnia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Hong Gong, Chen-Xu Ni, Yun-Zi Liu, Yi Zhang, Wen-Jun Su, Yong-Jie Lian, Wei Peng, Chun-Lei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a widespread and debilitating condition that affects sleep quality and daily productivity. Although mindfulness meditation (MM) has been suggested as a potentially effective supplement to medical treatment for insomnia, no comprehensively quantitative research has been conducted in this field. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis on the findings of related randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of MM on insomnia. METHODS: Related publications in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and PsycINFO were searched up to July 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543065/qigong-tai-chi-easy-for-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Linda Larkey, Jennifer Huberty, Maja Pedersen, Karen Weihs
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) often report fatigue that persists for years following treatment. Despite a growing body of evidence for meditative movement practices to improve symptoms among BCSs, few studies have explored using Qigong/Tai Chi to reduce fatigue. Additionally, few have examined the biological mechanisms through which fatigue may be reduced using Qigong/Tai Chi. METHODS/STUDY DESIGN: We will recruit 250 fatigued, post-menopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (stage 0-III), between 6months and 5years past primary treatment and randomize to a standardized Qigong/Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE) intervention, a "sham" Qigong group (movements without a focus on the breath and meditative state) (SQG), or an educational support (ES) group...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502759/internet-mindfulness-meditation-intervention-for-the-general-public-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Helané Wahbeh, Barry S Oken
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation interventions improve a variety of health conditions and quality of life, are inexpensive, easy to implement, have minimal if any side effects, and engage patients to take an active role in their treatment. However, the group format can be an obstacle for many to take structured meditation programs. Internet Mindfulness Meditation Intervention (IMMI) is a program that could make mindfulness meditation accessible to all people who want and need to receive it...
August 8, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493640/erratum-how-to-make-the-ghosts-in-my-bedroom-disappear-focused-attention-meditation-combined-with-muscle-relaxation-mr-therapy-a-direct-treatment-intervention-for-sleep-paralysis
#10
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 28 in vol. 7, PMID: 26858675.].
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486153/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-2016-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-section-5-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-treatments
#11
Arun V Ravindran, Lynda G Balneaves, Guy Faulkner, Abigail Ortiz, Diane McIntosh, Rachel L Morehouse, Lakshmi Ravindran, Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Sagar V Parikh
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479478/nonpharmacological-alternatives-to-benzodiazepine-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-in-outpatient-populations-a-literature-review
#12
Lois M Platt, Amy Irene Whitburn, Alexander G Platt-Koch, Ronald L Koch
Overuse of benzodiazepine drugs to treat anxiety, mood, and sleep disorders is a growing problem in clinical practice. GABAergic medications (benzodiazepine drugs in particular) have side effects, drug interactions, and the potential to create tolerance and dependence in users. GABA-enhancing dietary supplements have similar and unique risks. Natural, non-chemical, anxiolytic treatments exist and can be safely recommended to patients. Three such treatments have been the focus of study in the past 20 years: mindfulness, meditation, and yoga...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348560/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-sex-addiction-a-case-study
#13
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Mark D Griffiths
Background Sex addiction is a disorder that can have serious adverse functional consequences. Treatment effectiveness research for sex addiction is currently underdeveloped, and interventions are generally based on the guidelines for treating other behavioral (as well as chemical) addictions. Consequently, there is a need to clinically evaluate tailored treatments that target the specific symptoms of sex addiction. It has been proposed that second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) may be an appropriate treatment for sex addiction because in addition to helping individuals increase perceptual distance from craving for desired objects and experiences, some SG-MBIs specifically contain meditations intended to undermine attachment to sex and/or the human body...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242565/mindful-reading-mindfulness-meditation-helps-keep-readers-with-dyslexia-and-adhd-on-the-lexical-track
#14
Ricardo Tarrasch, Zohar Berman, Naama Friedmann
This study explored the effects of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention on reading, attention, and psychological well-being among people with developmental dyslexia and/or attention deficits. Various types of dyslexia exist, characterized by different error types. We examined a question that has not been tested so far: which types of errors (and dyslexias) are affected by MBSR training. To do so, we tested, using an extensive battery of reading tests, whether each participant had dyslexia, and which errors types s/he makes, and then compared the rate of each error type before and after the MBSR workshop...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152528/yoga-in-pregnancy
#15
Shilpa Babbar, Jaye Shyken
Yoga is a mind-body practice that encompasses a system of postures (asana), deep breathing (pranayama), and meditation. Over 36 million Americans practice yoga of which the majority are reproductive-aged women. Literature to support this practice is limited, albeit on the rise. A prenatal yoga practice has been shown to benefit women who suffer from anxiety, depression, stress, low back pain, and sleep disturbances. A small number of studies have been performed in high-risk pregnancies that also demonstrate an improvement in outcomes...
September 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119722/relaxation-techniques-for-trauma
#16
Diane Scotland-Coogan, Erin Davis
Physiological symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest as increased arousal and reactivity seen as anger outburst, irritability, reckless behavior with no concern for consequences, hypervigilance, sleep disturbance, and problems with focus (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). In seeking the most beneficial treatment for PTSD, consideration must be given to the anxiety response. Relaxation techniques are shown to help address the physiological manifestations of prolonged stress. The techniques addressed by the authors in this article include mindfulness, deep breathing, yoga, and meditation...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079708/effects-of-meditation-versus-music-listening-on-perceived-stress-mood-sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-early-memory-loss-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Sahiti Kandati
BACKGROUND: Older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at increased risk not only for Alzheimer's disease, but for poor mental health, impaired sleep, and diminished quality of life (QOL), which in turn, contribute to further cognitive decline, highlighting the need for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we assessed the effects of two 12-week relaxation programs, Kirtan Kriya Meditation (KK) and music listening (ML), on perceived stress, sleep, mood, and health-related QOL in older adults with SCD...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055575/senior-vipassana-meditation-practitioners-exhibit-distinct-rem-sleep-organization-from-that-of-novice-meditators-and-healthy-controls
#18
Nirmala Maruthai, Ravindra P Nagendra, Arun Sasidharan, Sulekha Srikumar, Karuna Datta, Sunao Uchida, Bindu M Kutty
Abstract/Summary The present study is aimed to ascertain whether differences in meditation proficiency alter rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep) as well as the overall sleep-organization. Whole-night polysomnography was carried out using 32-channel digital EEG system. 20 senior Vipassana meditators, 16 novice Vipassana meditators and 19 non-meditating control subjects participated in the study. The REM sleep characteristics were analyzed from the sleep-architecture of participants with a sleep efficiency index >85%...
June 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054502/-it-s-tough-hanging-up-a-call-the-relationships-between-calling-and-work-hours-psychological-detachment-sleep-quality-and-morning-vigor
#19
Michael E Clinton, Neil Conway, Jane Sturges
It has been argued that when people believe that their work is a calling, it can often be experienced as an intense and consuming passion with significant personal meaning. While callings have been demonstrated to have several positive outcomes for individuals, less is known about the potential downsides for those who experience work in this way. This study develops a multiple-meditation model proposing that, while the intensity of a calling has a positive direct effect on work-related vigor, it motivates people to work longer hours, which both directly and indirectly via longer work hours, limits their psychological detachment from work in the evenings...
April 7, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021358/qigong-in-injured-military-service-members-a-feasibility-study
#20
Anne Marie Reb, Nancy Seaby Saum, Deborah Ann Murphy, Sara Todd Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Jill Ellen Bormann
BACKGROUND: Wounded, ill, and injured (WII) Military Service members experience significant stress and are at risk for developing chronic conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Qigong, a meditative movement practice, may positively affect their ability to engage in successful rehabilitation. PURPOSE: We assessed the feasibility of Qigong practice in WII Service members returning from combat; effects on stress, sleep, and somatic symptoms; satisfaction; and participants' experience with the practice...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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