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Primum non nocere

Sidney Júlio de Faria E Sousa, Stella Barretto de Faria E Sousa
Eye banks use sterile procedures to manipulate the eye, antiseptic measures for ocular surface decontamination, and rigorous criteria for donor selection to minimize the possibility of disease transmission due to corneal grafting. Donor selection focuses on analysis of medical records and specific post-mortem serological tests. To guide and standardize procedures, eye bank associations and government agencies provide lists of absolute and relative contraindications for use of the tissue based on donor health history...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Jorunn Vidar Valgardsdottir, Hannes Sigurjónsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Læknablađiđ
Timothy J Gardner, Kirk N Garratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Byong Duk Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Gastroenterology
James Jaggers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
M A Fitzcharles, E Eisenberg
Medical cannabis has entered mainstream medicine and is here to stay. Propelled by public advocacy, the media and mostly anecdote rather than sound scientific study, patients worldwide are exploring marijuana use for a vast array of medical conditions including management of chronic pain. Contrary to the usual path of drug approval, medical cannabis has bypassed traditional evidence-based study and has been legalized as a therapeutic product by legislative bodies in various countries. While there is a wealth of basic science and preclinical studies demonstrating effects of cannabinoids in neurobiological systems, especially those pertaining to pain and inflammation, clinical study remains limited...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Hatem Abu Hashim, Osama Foda, Mohamed El Rakhawy
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the effectiveness of unilateral vs. bilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (ULOD vs. BLOD) for improving fertility outcomes in infertile women with clomiphene-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as its effect on ovarian reserve. METHODS: Searches were conducted on PubMed, ScienceDirect,, and CENTRAL databases from January 1984 to January 2017. Only randomized trials comparing ULOD with BLOD were included...
January 27, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Joel D Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Michael R DeBaun, Ellen Wright Clayton
This article has a companion Point by Fitzhugh and Walters.
December 12, 2017: Blood Advances
Renzo Guerrini, Emilio Perucca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Neurology
H Oliphant, M Zarei-Ghanavati, A Shalaby Bardan, A Vasquez-Perez, D O'Brart, C Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Eye
Lucas Borrione, Andre R Brunoni
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability. It is devoid of serious adverse events and exerts variable effects on cognition, with several research findings suggesting that it can improve memory, verbal and mathematical skills. Because tDCS devices are low-cost, portable and relatively easy to assemble, they have become available outside of the medical setting and used for non-medical ("cosmetic") purposes by laypersons. In this sense, tDCS has become a popular technique aiming to improve cognition and the achievement of a better performance not only at work, but also in other fields such as sports, leisure activities (video games) and even the military...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
R Gómez-Huelgas, M D López-Carmona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Revista Clínica Española
Amir Kushnir, Roby Rubin, Daniel Zohar, Elena Chulsky, Shay Barak
Use of Electronic Patient records is most efficient but careless use can result in harm to the patient caused by advanced technology - E-Iatrogenesis. Correct use of the electronic systems can reduce the amount of technology-related errors in the Electronic Patient record. Beyond all doubt, handwritten medical records can contribute to human error due to unclear handwriting, unclear phrases, etc. Moreover, physical files can be lost or misplaced thus making it difficult to retrieve patient history.
October 2017: Harefuah
Eugenio Moure González
″Do no harm″ is the work of Henry Marsh, an English neurosurgeon who, in the epilogue of his professional career at the National Health Service, remembers not only his professional successes but also his failures. This is the starting point to propose a system of notification of medical errors in Spain that allows to comply with the hippocratic key principle that gives title to the book: ″primum non nocere″. With this objective, our proposal is, in first place, to analyze the extent to which there is a conflict of loyalties in the professional performance of any doctor (institution vs...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
Katri Hamunen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Casey M Cosgrove, David E Cohn, Paul J Goodfellow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
Gabriele Popp, Dick Clarke, Stephen Rothstein
Overutilization of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is commonplace and primarily associated with outpatient wound care. While the number of hospitals providing HBOT is at an all-time high, the number of those willing to treat patients in immediate need is at an all-time low. Huge areas of the country, including major population areas, are now completely devoid of 24/7 HBOT availability and inpatient access. Purchasers of healthcare, including the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, have become increasingly concerned to the point that several strategies have been introduced to constructively deal with this issue...
October 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Martin G Mayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Miguel A Sanchez, Ana M Burga, Britt Marie Ljung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Cancer
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