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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762520/condom-and-substance-use-at-last-sex-differences-between-msmo-and-mswo-high-school-youth
#1
Gregory Phillips, Mariah M Kalmin, Blair Turner, Dylan Felt, Rachel Marro, Paul Salamanca, Lauren B Beach
HIV disproportionately impacts youth, particularly young men who have sex with men (YMSM), a population that includes subgroups of young men who have sex with men only (YMSMO) and young men who have sex with men and women (YMSMW). In 2015, among male youth, 92% of new HIV diagnoses were among YMSM. The reasons why YMSM are disproportionately at risk for HIV acquisition, however, remain incompletely explored. We performed event-level analyses to compare how the frequency of condom use, drug and/or alcohol use at last sex differed among YMSMO and YMSWO (young men who have sex with women only) over a ten-year period from 2005⁻2015 within the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728949/threefold-increase-in-prep-uptake-over-time-with-high-adherence-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-chicago
#2
Ethan Morgan, Kevin Moran, Daniel T Ryan, Brian Mustanski, Michael E Newcomb
The goal of this work is to better understand utilization and uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women (TGW). We assessed trends and correlates of PrEP use and adherence across three time points of longitudinal data collection among 885 YMSM and TGW (aged 16-29) from the RADAR cohort in Chicago, 2015-2017. Past 6-month PrEP use increased across three visits: from 6.6 to 17.5%. In multivariable models, past 6-month PrEP use was significantly associated with participation in condomless sex, having more sexual partners, and older age...
May 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712626/a-gamified-smartphone-app-to-support-engagement-in-care-and-medication-adherence-for-hiv-positive-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-allyquest-development-and-pilot-study
#3
Lisa Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn Muessig, Kelly Knudtson, Mala Srivatsa, Ellena Lawrence, Sara LeGrand, Anna Hotten, Sybil Hosek
BACKGROUND: HIV disproportionately impacts young men who have sex with men (YMSM) who experience disparities across the HIV care continuum. Addressing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among YMSM is an urgent public health priority. Technology-based interventions-particularly mobile health platforms-can provide tailored adherence interventions and allow YMSM to engage and connect with others. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the development of AllyQuest, a novel, theoretically-based, smartphone app designed to improve engagement in care and ART adherence and social support among HIV-positive YMSM...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712625/intervention-to-increase-hiv-testing-among-substance-using-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Rob Stephenson, Erin E Bonar, Adam Carrico, Alexis Hunter, Daniel Connochie, Rebecca Himmelstein, Jose Bauermeister
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender people in the Detroit Metro Area are the only risk group for whom the incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) has increased since 2000, with HIV incidence nearly doubling among youth. Substance use (including alcohol), which is relatively frequent among YMSM and transgender people, creates barriers to the optimal delivery of HIV prevention and care services. Standard HIV counseling, testing, and referral (CTR) is limited in providing strategies to identify and address substance use...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#5
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688771/a-qualitative-study-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-multilevel-factors-related-to-hiv-risks-in-malaysia
#6
William J Burch, Graham J Hart, Sin How Lim
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a group at high risk for HIV infection, yet no research has been conducted to understand this population in Malaysia. Semistructured interviews from a combination of YMSM aged 18-25 (n = 20) and local service providers of sexual health services (n = 4) were conducted from May to June 2015. Thematic analysis was used to identify common themes in participant responses from transcripts. Participants reported societal and internalized homophobia, an absence of sex education and difficulty accessing confidential HIV testing...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622527/epic-allies-a-gamified-mobile-phone-app-to-improve-engagement-in-care-antiretroviral-uptake-and-adherence-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-young-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sara LeGrand, Kathryn E Muessig, Alyssa Platt, Karina Soni, Joseph R Egger, Nkechinyere Nwoko, Tobias McNulty, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women who have sex with men (YTWSM) bear a disproportionate burden of prevalent and incident HIV infections. Once diagnosed, many YMSM and YTWSM struggle to engage in HIV care, adhere to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and achieve viral suppression. Computer-based interventions, including those focused on behavior change, are recognized as effective tools for engaging youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study described in this protocol is to evaluate the efficacy of Epic Allies, a theory-based mobile phone app that utilizes game mechanics and social networking features to improve engagement in HIV care, ART uptake, ART adherence, and viral suppression among HIV-positive YMSM and YTWSM...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536285/hiv-prevention-and-sex-behaviors-as-organizing-mechanisms-in-a-facebook-group-affiliation-network-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Lindsay E Young, Kayo Fujimoto, John A Schneider
Online social networking sites (SNS)-the Internet-based platforms that enable connection and communication between users-are increasingly salient social environments for young adults and, consequently, offer tremendous opportunity for HIV behavioral research and intervention among vulnerable populations like young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Drawing from a cohort of 525 young Black MSM (YBMSM) living in Chicago, IL, USA April 2014-May 2015, we conducted social network analysis, estimating an exponential random graph model (ERGM) to model YBMSM's group affiliations on Facebook in relation to their sex behaviors and HIV prevention traits...
March 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465677/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Sara A Vasilenko, Cara E Rice, Joshua G Rosenberger
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at an increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Recent research has documented the importance of understanding the multidimensional nature of sexual risk behavior; however, little is known about how multidimensional patterns of sexual behavior among MSM may be associated with STIs. METHOD: This study applies latent class analysis to data from a large, HIV- sample of 18-25 year old MSM recruited from social and sexual networking websites (N = 5,965; 76% white, 11% Latino, 5% Black, 4% Asian, 4% other; 74% homosexual, 21% bisexual, 1% heterosexual, 3%, unsure/questioning 1% other) to uncover multidimensional patterns of past-year sexual behaviors, partner factors, and protective behavior and their associations with self-reported STI diagnosis...
November 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346307/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-general-practitioners-and-sexual-health-care-professionals-regarding-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Samuel W D Merriel, Carrie Flannagan, Joanna M Kesten, Gilla K Shapiro, Tom Nadarzynski, Gillian Prue
Men who have sex with men (MSM) may be at higher risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers. Healthcare professionals' recommendations can affect HPV vaccination uptake. Since 2016, MSM up to 45 years have been offered HPV vaccination at genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in a pilot programme, and primary care was recommended as a setting for opportunistic vaccination. Vaccination prior to potential exposure to the virus (i.e., sexual debut) is likely to be most efficacious, therefore a focus on young MSM (YMSM) is important...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332235/do-diary-studies-cause-behavior-change-an-examination-of-reactivity-in-sexual-risk-and-substance-use-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are frequently used for observing sexual and substance use behaviors, but participating in diary studies may cause behavior change. This study examined change in sexual and substance use behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in a two-month diary study compared to control. An analytic sample of 324 YMSM was randomized to receive daily diaries, weekly diaries, or no diaries (control) for 2 months. Half of the diary participants were randomized to receive automated weekly feedback...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325425/meningitis-vaccination-knowledge-and-awareness-among-ymsm-in-chicago
#12
Gregory Phillips, Amy K Johnson, Christian N Adames, Brian Mustanski
Serogroup C invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) outbreaks in men who have sex with men (MSM) have been occurring with greater frequency in urban areas across the United States. An effective vaccine for IMD is available and is recommended for MSM in outbreak settings. Particular subgroups of MSM have been disproportionately represented in outbreaks, specifically young, Black, and HIV-positive MSM. As little is known about the knowledge, awareness, and vaccination status of young MSM, we sought to describe this and explore racial/ethnic differences...
January 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297755/hiv-education-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Julia Raifman, Chris Beyrer, Renata Arrington-Sanders
PURPOSE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have nearly 80 times the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) relative to men who have sex with women only (MSW), and young MSM (YMSM) accounted for 95% of estimated HIV diagnoses among adolescents between 13 and 24 years in 2015. We aimed to evaluate HIV education and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM relative to young MSW (YMSW) and to evaluate the relationship between HIV education and YMSM sexual risk behaviors. METHODS: We used Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data from 13 states that collected information on sex of sexual contacts and on HIV education in 2011 and/or 2013...
February 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286830/suicidality-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Casey T Luong, Lynn Rew, Matthew Banner
This systematic literature review addresses risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation and attempts in young men who have sex with men (YMSM). The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, PsychArticles, and PsychInfo yielded 14 articles. Risk factors included (1) not being enrolled in school, (2) earlier sexual debut, (3) substance use/abuse, (4) homelessness, (5) bullying and victimization, (6) fear of community violence, (7) and parental abuse. Protective factors included (1) positive sexual minority LGBT stereotypes, (2) family acceptance, (3) school and peer support, (4) high self-esteem, and (5) adaptive coping mechanisms...
January 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280767/sexual-networks-of-racially-diverse-young-msm-differ-in-racial-homophily-but-not-concurrency
#15
Patrick Janulis, Gregory Phillips, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Substantial racial disparities exist in HIV infection among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). However, evidence suggests black YMSM do not engage in greater levels of risk behavior. Sexual networks may help explain this paradox. This study used egocentric exponential random graph models to examine variation in concurrency (ie, 2 or more simultaneous partners) and homophily (ie, same race/ethnicity partners) across race/ethnicity groups in a diverse sample of YMSM. METHODS: Data for this study come from a longitudinal cohort study of YMSM...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211513/facilitators-and-barriers-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-willingness-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-use-geosocial-networking-applications-in-california
#16
Ian W Holloway, Diane Tan, Jennifer L Gildner, Sean C Beougher, Craig Pulsipher, Jorge A Montoya, Aaron Plant, Arleen Leibowitz
While correlates of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake have been explored among older men who have sex with men (MSM), less is known about the facilitators and barriers that encourage uptake among younger MSM (YMSM). This study explores the association between willingness to take PrEP and demographic characteristics, sexual risk, and substance use, and attitudinal factors among YMSM in California who use geosocial networking applications (GSN apps). Based on survey data from YMSM recruited through GSN apps (n = 687), PrEP willingness was positively associated with Hispanic ethnicity [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1...
December 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210834/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-use-and-condomless-anal-sex-evidence-of-risk-compensation-in-a-cohort-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Michael E Newcomb, Kevin Moran, Brian A Feinstein, Emily Forscher, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are disproportionately impacted by HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at preventing HIV acquisition. It remains unclear if PrEP use increases rates of condomless sex (ie, risk compensation), which may increase risk of infection if PrEP adherence is not optimal. This study aimed to examine whether PrEP use and PrEP adherence were associated with change in sexual risk behaviors in a large longitudinal cohort of YMSM reporting on multiple sexual partnerships over time...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138981/young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-high-risk-for-hiv-bangkok-msm-cohort-study-thailand-2006-2014
#18
Warunee Thienkrua, Frits van Griensven, Philip A Mock, Eileen F Dunne, Boonyos Raengsakulrach, Wipas Wimonsate, Nopporn Howteerakul, Chaiwat Ungsedhapand, Anupong Chiwarakorn, Timothy H Holtz
High HIV incidence has been reported in young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in North America and Western Europe, but there are limited data from Southeast Asia suggesting MSM may be the driver of the HIV epidemic in this region. We described HIV incidence and risk factors among 494 YMSM enrolled in a cohort study in Bangkok, Thailand. The HIV incidence was 7.4 per 100 person-years. In multivariable analysis, reporting use of an erectile dysfunction drug in combination with club drugs, having receptive or both insertive and receptive anal intercourse with men, having hepatitis A infection, having rectal Chlamydia trachomatis, having hepatitis B infection prior to HIV seroconversion, and reporting not always using condoms with male steady partners were significantly associated with HIV incidence in YMSM...
November 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112042/network-viral-load-a-critical-metric-for-hiv-elimination
#19
Britt Skaathun, Aditya S Khanna, Ethan Morgan, Samuel R Friedman, John A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Associations have been observed between an aggregate viral load measure, the community viral load (CVL) and new HIV diagnoses. The CVL aggregates viral loads within chosen geographic areas, restricting inferences about HIV acquisition risk to these areas. We develop a more precise metric, the Network Viral Load (NVL) to measure the composite viral load within a risk network of an HIV negative individual. METHODS: We examined the relationship between NVL and HIV infection among Young Men who have Sex with Men (YMSM) in Chicago, United States...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105323/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Minh D Pham, Poe Poe Aung, Aye Kyawt Paing, Naanki Pasricha, Paul A Agius, Waimar Tun, Ashish Bajracharya, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: In Myanmar, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience high risk of HIV infection. However, access to HIV testing and prevention services remains a challenge among this marginalized population. The objective of this study was to estimate population prevalence and correlates of prior HIV testing among young MSM (YMSM) and informs the development of HIV testing and intervention programmes that respond to the specific needs of this population. METHODS: Five hundred and eighty-five YMSM aged 18 to 24 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in a cross-sectional survey conducted in six townships of Myanmar...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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