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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238119/use-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-is-associated-with-race-sexual-risk-behavior-and-peer-network-size
#1
Lisa M Kuhns, Anna L Hotton, John Schneider, Robert Garofalo, Kayo Fujimoto
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is efficacious to prevent HIV infection, however, uptake among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) is relatively low. The purpose of this study was to describe PrEP use and related factors in a representative sample of YMSM in two cities, Chicago and Houston. YMSM, ages 16-29, were recruited via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) from 2014 to 2016. Correlates of PrEP uptake were assessed in weighted multivariable logistic regression models. A total of 12.2% of participants (of 394) reported ever taking PrEP; Black YMSM had the lowest rates of uptake (4...
February 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222118/social-structural-behavioral-and-clinical-factors-influencing-retention-in-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-care-in-mississippi
#2
Trisha Arnold, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Philip A Chan, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Estefany S Bologna, Laura Beauchamps, Kendra Johnson, Leandro Mena, Amy Nunn
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical intervention that can reduce rates of HIV transmission when taken once daily by HIV-negative individuals. Little is understood about PrEP uptake and retention in care among the populations most heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic, particularly among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the Deep South. Therefore, this study explored the structural, social, behavioral, and clinical factors that affect PrEP use and retention in care among YMSM in Jackson, Mississippi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195780/strategies-chosen-by-ymsm-during-goal-setting-to-reduce-risk-for-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-results-from-the-keep-it-up-2-0-prevention-trial
#3
Darnell N Motley, Sydney Hammond, Brian Mustanski
Although there have been great advances in the prevention of HIV in the last two decades, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) continue to be disproportionately impacted. Utilizing qualitative data from a sample of YMSM (N = 292) engaged in a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of an internet-based HIV prevention program, we examined YMSM's goals for sexual risk reduction. Goals tended to focus on strategies used to prepare for safer sex or strategies to be used during sex. In both areas, five categories of strategies were identified: skill-related, intrapersonal, social, contextual, and instrumental...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194606/sexual-partner-typologies-and-the-association-between-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Patrick Janulis, Brian A Feinstein, Gregory Phillips, Michael E Newcomb, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
Numerous partner and relationship characteristics are associated with sexual risk behavior among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), including being in a serious relationship and having older partners. However, most research in this area is limited by its reliance on variable-centered approaches. Using multilevel latent class analysis, this study identified subgroups of sexual partner types with a particular emphasis on examining whether partner type moderated the association between drug use and condomless anal sex (CAS)...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158952/a-qualitative-study-of-thai-hiv-positive-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-demonstrates-the-need-for-ehealth-interventions-to-optimize-the-hiv-care-continuum
#5
Tarandeep Anand, Chattiya Nitpolprasert, Stephen J Kerr, Kathryn E Muessig, Sangusa Promthong, Nitiya Chomchey, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman, Prachya Chaiyahong, Praphan Phanuphak, Jintanat Ananworanich, Nittaya Phanuphak
In Thailand, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women (TG) are disproportionately affected by HIV and have suboptimal care continuum outcomes. Although Thai YMSM and young TG are early adopters of emerging technologies and have high Internet and technology access and utilization, the potential of technology has not been harnessed to optimize the HIV treatment cascade. We interviewed 18 behaviorally HIV-infected YMSM and young TG regarding care challenges, identified how eHealth could address care needs, and elicited preferences for eHealth interventions...
February 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138349/the-impact-of-victimization-and-neuroticism-on-mental-health-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-internalized-homophobia-as-an-underlying-mechanism
#6
Jae A Puckett, Michael E Newcomb, Robert Garofalo, Brian Mustanski
Sexual minorities experience greater mental health issues compared to heterosexuals due to minority stressors. This study focused on the impact of victimization and neuroticism on mental health in young men who have sex with men (YMSM), and the mediating role of internalized homophobia (IH). IH refers to when a sexual minority person internalizes social bias and develops a negative view of themselves, which is a likely process through which victimization and neuroticism impact mental health. Data were collected over three time points across 12 months, with 450 YMSM (mean age = 18...
September 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135857/geospatial-indicators-of-space-and-place-a-review-of-multilevel-studies-of-hiv-prevention-and-care-outcomes-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#7
José A Bauermeister, Daniel Connochie, Lisa Eaton, Michele Demers, Rob Stephenson
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM), particularly YMSM who are racial/ethnic minorities, are disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in the United States. These HIV disparities have been linked to demographic, social, and physical geospatial characteristics. The objective of this scoping review was to summarize the existing evidence from multilevel studies examining how geospatial characteristics are associated with HIV prevention and care outcomes among YMSM populations...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124182/examining-the-conditions-under-which-internalized-homophobia-is-associated-with-substance-use-and-condomless-sex-in-young-msm-the-moderating-role-of-impulsivity
#8
Jae A Puckett, Michael E Newcomb, Robert Garofalo, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Internalized homophobia (IH) is the internalization of homophobic attitudes by sexual minorities due to social bias. IH has been inconsistently related to substance use and condomless sex for young men who have sex with men (YMSM). PURPOSE: We examined negative urgency (the tendency to act impulsively in response to negative emotional experiences), positive urgency (the tendency to act impulsively in response to positive emotional experiences), and sensation seeking as independent moderators of the association of IH with binge drinking, drug use, and condomless anal sex...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109340/effectiveness-of-an-integrated-community-and-clinic-based-intervention-on-hiv-testing-hiv-knowledge-and-sexual-risk-behavior-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-myanmar
#9
Poe Poe Aung, Claire Ryan, Ashish Bajracharya, Naanki Pasricha, Zaw Win Thein, Paul A Agius, Than Tun Sein, Lisa Willenberg, Ei Mon Soe, Ne Tun Zaw, Waimar Tun, Eileen Yam, Stanley Luchters
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in Myanmar are disproportionately affected by HIV, with prevalence five times that of the general population. The Link Up project implemented an intervention using peer education and outreach providing education and counseling on health seeking around sexually transmitted infections and reproductive health, combined with focused clinic capacity building to improve the sexual and reproductive health of YMSM. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of the intervention...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062389/internet-based-hiv-prevention-with-at-home-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-young-men-having-sex-with-men-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-keep-it-up-2-0
#10
Brian Mustanski, Krystal Madkins, George J Greene, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brent A Johnson, Patrick Sullivan, Michael Bass, Rebekah Abel
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are increasing among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet few HIV prevention programs have studied this population. Keep It Up! (KIU!), an online HIV prevention program tailored to diverse YMSM, was developed to fill this gap. The KIU! 2.0 randomized controlled trial (RCT) was launched to establish intervention efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the KIU! study is to advance scientific knowledge of technology-based behavioral HIV prevention, as well as improve public health by establishing the efficacy of an innovative electronic health (eHealth) prevention program for ethnically and racially diverse YMSM...
January 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045573/disparities-in-retention-in-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-district-of-columbia-2013
#11
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Jenevieve Opoku, Ashley Murray, Yzette Lanier, Michael Kharfen, Madeline Y Sutton
PURPOSE: Among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), aged 13-24 years, Blacks/African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV, accounting for 58% and 21%, respectively, of diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States. In the District of Columbia (DC), YMSM of color are also disproportionately affected by HIV. National goals are that 80% of HIV-infected persons be retained in HIV care. We analyzed DC surveillance data to examine retention among YMSM living with HIV infection in DC...
February 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998184/cdc-funded-hiv-testing-hiv-positivity-and-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-in-non-health-care-settings-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm-in-the-united-states
#12
Puja Seth, Tanja Walker, Argelia Figueroa
In the United States, HIV infection disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as YMSM), specifically black YMSM. Knowledge of HIV status is the first step for timely and essential prevention and treatment services. Because YMSM are disproportionately affected by HIV, the number of CDC-funded HIV testing events, overall and newly diagnosed HIV positivity, and linkage to HIV medical care among YMSM in non-health care settings were examined from 61 health department jurisdictions...
December 21, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997288/associations-of-perceived-parental-psychopathology-with-mental-health-burden-and-lifetime-drug-use-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#13
Perry N Halkitis, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Michael D Levy, Richard E Greene, Farzana Kapadia
Parental mental health may be a critical component in understanding the overlapping health burdens of mental health symptomatology and drug use in young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet studies of YMSM have not fully examined these associations. To understand these relationships, data drawn from a study of gay, bisexual, and other YMSM were used examine associations between perceived parental psychopathology and the mental health symptomatology and drug use of YMSM. Findings suggest that YMSM reporting at least one parent with perceived depression, manic depression, schizophrenia, or antisocial behavior anytime during their childhoods were more likely to report higher levels of both depressive symptomatology and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than those reporting no perception of any of these psychopathologies in their parents...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866390/school-based-hiv-std-testing-behaviors-and-motivations-among-black-and-hispanic-teen-msm-results-from-a-formative-evaluation
#14
Elana Morris, Pablo Topete, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Elizabeth Kroupa, Lisa Carver
BACKGROUND: This evaluation explores experiences with, and motivations for, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among black and Hispanic school-aged young men who have sex with men (YMSM). METHODS: Participants were recruited at community-based organizations that serve YMSM in New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Eligible participants were 13- to 19-year-old black or Hispanic males who reported attraction to or sexual behavior with other males and/or identified as gay or bisexual, and attended at least 90 days of school in the previous 18 months...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844298/prospective-effects-of-a-syndemic-on-hiv-and-sti-incidence-and-risk-behaviors-in-a-cohort-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Brian Mustanski, Gregory Phillips, Daniel T Ryan, Gregory Swann, Lisa Kuhns, Rob Garofalo
Young men who have sex with men continue to be highly affected by HIV. To improve understanding of the role that multiple co-occurring health issues (i.e., syndemics) play in HIV acquisition, sophisticated modeling methods are needed. The purpose of this study was to use structural equation modeling to understand the structure of the syndemic and to test its longitudinal association with condomless anal sex. Data are from a longitudinal study of 450 YMSM. A primary syndemic component comprised of substance use, violence, and internalizing mental health factors significantly predicted the number of condomless anal sex partners in the full sample...
March 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756778/setting-an-agenda-to-address-intimate-partner-violence-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-conceptual-model-and-review
#16
Katrina Kubicek
Research investigating intimate partner violence (IPV) among sexual minorities is limited. The research that does exist has found that rates of IPV are similar to or higher than the rates found for heterosexual women, the most commonly studied population in this area. This limited research has resulted in a dearth of prevention/intervention programs targeted for these populations. While some may argue that existing IPV programs can be used for these populations, this review presents an argument for more targeted work with sexual minority populations, using young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as an example...
October 18, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713906/the-role-of-substance-use-motives-in-the-associations-between-minority-stressors-and-substance-use-problems-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) report higher rates of substance use than their heterosexual peers and minority stress has been posited as a risk factor for substance use. The associations between specific types of minority stress and substance use have been inconsistent throughout the literature and few studies have examined mechanisms underlying these associations. Drawing on minority stress theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, we propose that one mechanism underlying these associations may be people's motivations for using substances, including using substances to cope with negative emotions and to enhance pleasure...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676400/multiplex-competition-collaboration-and-funding-networks-among-health-and-social-organizations-toward-organization-based-hiv-interventions-for-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Kayo Fujimoto, Peng Wang, Lisa M Kuhns, Michael W Ross, Mark L Williams, Robert Garofalo, Alden S Klovdahl, Edward O Laumann, John A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) have the highest rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States. Decades into the HIV epidemic, the relationships that YMSM-serving health and social organizations have with one another has not been studied in depth. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the competition, collaboration, and funding source structures of multiplex organization networks and the mechanisms that promote fruitful relationships among these organizations...
February 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632233/an-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-demonstration-project-and-safety-study-for-young-msm
#19
Sybil G Hosek, Bret Rudy, Raphael Landovitz, Bill Kapogiannis, George Siberry, Brandy Rutledge, Nancy Liu, Jennifer Brothers, Kathleen Mulligan, Gregory Zimet, Michelle Lally, Kenneth H Mayer, Peter Anderson, Jennifer Kiser, James F Rooney, Craig M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a key population for implementation of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) interventions. This open-label study examined adherence to PrEP and assessed sexual behavior among a diverse sample of YMSM in 12 US cities. METHODS: Eligible participants were 18- to 22-year-old HIV-uninfected MSM who reported HIV transmission risk behavior in the previous 6 months. Participants were provided daily tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (Truvada)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586686/patterns-and-predictors-of-compliance-in-a-prospective-diary-study-of-substance-use-and-sexual-behavior-in-a-sample-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, Ryne Estabrook, Marya Corden, Mark Begale, Alan Ashbeck, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are used for observing health-related behaviors prospectively. Little is known about patterns and predictors of diary compliance to better understand differential attrition. An analytic sample of 241 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) from a 2-month diary study of substance use and sexual behavior were randomized to complete daily or weekly timeline followback diaries. Latent class growth analyses were used to analyze data. Weekly and daily diary groups produced similar compliance patterns: high, low, and declining compliance groups...
September 1, 2016: Assessment
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