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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#1
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398775/lack-of-support-for-socially-connected-hiv-1-transmission-among-young-adult-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Kayo Fujimoto, Lyndon M Coghill, Christopher A Weier, Lu-Yu Hwang, Ju Yeong Kim, John A Schneider, Michael L Metzker, Jeremy M Brown
We explore the phylogenetic relationships among HIV sequences sampled from young adult black men who have sex with men (YAB-MSM), who are connected through peer referral/social ties and who attend common venues. Using 196 viral sequences sampled from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 10 individuals, our preliminary phylogenetic results indicate that these socially connected YAB-MSM are infected with distantly related viruses and provide no evidence for viral transmission between network members. Our results suggest that HIV-prevention strategies that target young adult MSM should extend beyond their network members and local community...
April 18, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394934/prevalence-of-non-contact-and-contact-childhood-sexual-abuse-an-internet-based-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#3
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Yong Zheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is high among Western men who have sex with men (MSM), and CSA is associated with certain socio-demographic variables and with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status. Little is known about CSA among Chinese MSM; therefore, we explored the prevalence and frequency of non-contact (e.g., sexual invitations, exhibitionism) and contact (e.g., intercourse, genital contact) forms of CSA in an Internet-based sample of MSM in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373424/methylsulfonylmethane-induces-g1-arrest-and-mitochondrial-apoptosis-in-yd-38-gingival-cancer-cells
#4
Nipin S P, Dong Young Kang, Baek Joong Kim, Youn Hee Joung, Pramod Darvin, Hyo Joo Byun, Joong Gon Kim, Je Uk Park, Young Mok Yang
Gingival squamous cell carcinoma is a rare form of cancer that accounts for less than 10% of all head and neck cancers. Targeted therapies with natural compounds are of interest because they possess high efficacy with fewer side-effects. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is an organic sulfur-containing compound with anticancer activities. The main goal of this study was to induce proliferation inhibition and apoptosis in the metastatic YD-38 cell line. MSM up-regulated expression of P21(Waf1/Cip1) and P27(Kip1) genes and down-regulated expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and CDK4...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362948/spatial-analysis-of-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-epidemic-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-2006-2015
#5
Qianqian Qin, Wei Guo, Weiming Tang, Tanmay Mahapatra, Liyan Wang, Nanci Zhang, Zhengwei Ding, Chang Cai, Yan Cui, Jiangping Sun
Background: Studies have shown a recent upsurge in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) burden among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, especially in urban areas. For intervention planning and resource allocation, spatial analyses of HIV/AIDS case-clusters were required to identify epidemic foci and trends among MSM in China. Methods: Information regarding MSM recorded as HIV/AIDS cases during 2006-2015 were extracted from the National Case Reporting System...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302106/barriers-and-facilitators-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-young-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#6
Haochu Li, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker, Dianmin Kang, Meizhen Liao, Eleanor Holroyd, Jietao Zheng, Qian Qi, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: The Four Free and One Care Policy (HIV/AIDS-related free services) has been in place in China since 2004. However, linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care is not yet achieved very well among people living with HIV. We conducted a qualitative study to explore individual and contextual factors that may influence a linkage to HIV care from the perspective of young HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in a highly centralized HIV care context of China. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 21 HIV-infected MSM in Shandong Province, with in-depth interviews conducted between March and July 2015...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286983/stigma-medical-mistrust-and-perceived-racism-may-affect-prep-awareness-and-uptake-in-black-compared-to-white-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-jackson-mississippi-and-boston-massachusetts
#7
Sean Cahill, S Wade Taylor, Steven A Elsesser, Leandro Mena, DeMarc Hickson, Kenneth H Mayer
Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) account for more than two thirds of new HIV infections in the U.S., with Black MSM experiencing the greatest burden. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce MSM's vulnerability to HIV infection. Uptake of PrEP has been limited, particularly among racial and ethnic minority MSM. Four semi-structured focus groups with gay and bisexual men and other MSM at risk for HIV infection were convened in Boston and Jackson in late 2013. The analysis plan utilized a within-case, across-case approach to code and analyze emerging themes, and to compare results across the two cities...
March 12, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275454/implementation-of-an-online-hiv-prevention-and-treatment-cascade-in-thai-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-using-adam-s-love-electronic-health-record-system
#8
EDITORIAL
Tarandeep Anand, Chattiya Nitpolprasert, Stephen J Kerr, Tanakorn Apornpong, Jintanat Ananworanich, Praphan Phanuphak, Nittaya Phanuphak
OBJECTIVES: Electronic health record (EHR) systems have been infrequently used to support HIV service delivery models to optimise HIV prevention and treatment cascades. We have studied the implementation, uptake and use of an EHR among Thai men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) women. METHODS: Participants, e-counselled via the Adam's Love ( www.adamslove.org) support platforms, after having completed risk behaviour questionnaires and being assessed for their HIV risk by online counsellors, were enrolled based on their preference into one of three EHR-supported arms: (1) private clinic-based HIV testing and counselling (HTC); (2) online pretest counselling and private clinic-based HIV testing (hybrid); and (3) online supervised HIV self-testing and counselling (eHTC)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256422/geographical-disparities-in-hiv-prevalence-and-care-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-malawi-results-from-a-multisite-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Andrea L Wirtz, Gift Trapence, Dunker Kamba, Victor Gama, Rodney Chalera, Vincent Jumbe, Rosemary Kumwenda, Marriam Mangochi, Stephane Helleringer, Chris Beyrer, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological assessment of geographical heterogeneity of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) is necessary to inform HIV prevention and care strategies in the more generalised HIV epidemics across sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi. We aimed to measure the HIV prevalence, risks, and access to HIV care among MSM across multiple localities to better inform HIV programming for MSM in Malawi. METHODS: Between Aug 1, 2011, and Sept 13, 2014, we recruited MSM into cross-sectional research via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in seven districts of Malawi...
February 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222118/social-structural-behavioral-and-clinical-factors-influencing-retention-in-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-care-in-mississippi
#10
Trisha Arnold, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Philip A Chan, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Estefany S Bologna, Laura Beauchamps, Kendra Johnson, Leandro Mena, Amy Nunn
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical intervention that can reduce rates of HIV transmission when taken once daily by HIV-negative individuals. Little is understood about PrEP uptake and retention in care among the populations most heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic, particularly among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the Deep South. Therefore, this study explored the structural, social, behavioral, and clinical factors that affect PrEP use and retention in care among YMSM in Jackson, Mississippi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220310/network-centrality-and-geographical-concentration-of-social-and-service-venues-that-serve-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Kayo Fujimoto, Rolf Turner, Lisa M Kuhns, Ju Yeong Kim, Jing Zhao, John A Schneider
This study examines network centrality of inter-venue networks formed by collaboration, competition, and sponsorship relationships among venues that serve young men who have sex with men (MSM) aged 16-29 years in relation to their geographical concentrations in Chicago, Illinois, and Houston, Texas. Our data on the physical venues comprised 116 venues in Chicago and 102 venues in Houston. We examined the relationship between the network centrality of different relations and the geographical intensity among these venues, and considered neighborhood-level socioeconomic determinants of health...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195781/an-evaluation-of-mpowerment-on-individual-level-hiv-risk-behavior-testing-and-psychosocial-factors-among-young-msm-of-color-the-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-mp-mem-project
#12
Gene Shelley, Weston Williams, Gary Uhl, Tamoka Hoyte, Adanze Eke, Carolyn Wright, Gregory Rebchook, Lance Pollack, Kelly Bell, Yan Wang, Qi Cheng, Susan M Kegeles
Young men who have sex with men (MSM) of color are at increased risk for HIV infection. Mpowerment (MP) is an intervention designed to reduce risky sexual behavior and increase HIV testing among young MSM ages 18-29. From 2009 to 2012, three community-based organizations with support from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention evaluated MP among N = 298 participants. Following a repeated measures design, data from 3- and 6-month follow-ups were compared to baseline. HIV testing and self-efficacy for safer sex increased at both follow-up time points; self-acceptance as an MSM was higher at follow-up 2...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185723/hiv-testing-preferences-among-msm-members-of-an-lgbt-community-organization-in-los-angeles
#13
Alexandra Medline, Joseph Daniels, Robert Marlin, Sean Young, Greg Wilson, Emily Huang, Jeffrey D Klausner
Lack of regular HIV testing puts African American, Asian, and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk for HIV infection. Rapid self-testing may be an effective option for these men. We explored acceptability, preferences, and usability of HIV self-test kits with MSM of color using semi-structured focus groups to discuss HIV testing history, reasons for testing, and self-testing preferences. Participants (n = 21) lived in Los Angeles, identified as MSM of color, and were 18-35 years of age. Discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using grounded theory...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144793/is-sex-with-older-male-partners-associated-with-higher-sexual-risk-behavior-among-young-black-msm
#14
Nicholas Chamberlain, Leandro A Mena, Angelica Geter, Richard A Crosby
Participants at a sexual health clinic completed a survey with questions regarding sexual risk behavior and partner characteristics. Of 585 participants eligible for analysis, 124 reported generally having older male partners. These participants were significantly more likely to be HIV-infected (p < 0.001), have four or more sex partners as a "bottom" (p = 0.04), have concurrent partners (p = 0.01), and have partners suspected of having an sexually transmitted infection (p = 0.05) than participants without older partners...
January 31, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135809/hiv-positive-individuals-on-antiretroviral-therapy-and-with-viral-load-suppressed-in-12-infectious-diseases-clinics-in-italy-successes-and-disparities-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#15
Mariangela Raimondo, Laura Camoni, Barbara Suligoi, Patrizio Pezzotti
The HIV care continuum is a tool that describes the quality of HIV care for people living with HIV and assesses the extent to which the goal of viral suppression has been achieved. In 2014, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics associated with three steps of the HIV continuum of care in Italy [i.e., most recent diagnoses, people diagnosed and in care who are on therapy, and people with viral load (VL) suppressed among those on therapy]. Among the 10,262 individuals diagnosed and linked to care, 9,810 (95...
March 6, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124182/examining-the-conditions-under-which-internalized-homophobia-is-associated-with-substance-use-and-condomless-sex-in-young-msm-the-moderating-role-of-impulsivity
#16
Jae A Puckett, Michael E Newcomb, Robert Garofalo, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Internalized homophobia (IH) is the internalization of homophobic attitudes by sexual minorities due to social bias. IH has been inconsistently related to substance use and condomless sex for young men who have sex with men (YMSM). PURPOSE: We examined negative urgency (the tendency to act impulsively in response to negative emotional experiences), positive urgency (the tendency to act impulsively in response to positive emotional experiences), and sensation seeking as independent moderators of the association of IH with binge drinking, drug use, and condomless anal sex...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123210/the-2013-hiv-continuum-of-care-in-tennessee-progress-made-but-disparities-persist
#17
Carolyn Wester, Peter F Rebeiro, Thomas J Shavor, Bryan E Shepherd, Shanell L McGoy, Benn Daley, Melissa Morrison, Sten H Vermund, April C Pettit
OBJECTIVES: We measured patient engagement in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continuum of care in Tennessee after implementation of enhanced surveillance activities to assess progress toward 2015 statewide goals. We also examined subgroup disparities to identify groups at risk for poor outcomes. METHODS: We estimated linkage to care, retention in care, and viral suppression among HIV-infected people in Tennessee in 2013, overall and by subgroup, after implementation of enhanced laboratory reporting, address verification, and death-matching procedures...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097618/sex-behaviors-as-social-cues-motivating-social-venue-patronage-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Lindsay E Young, Stuart Michaels, Adam Jonas, Aditya S Khanna, Britt Skaathun, Ethan Morgan, John A Schneider
HIV prevention programs often focus on the physical social venues where men who have sex with men (MSM) frequent as sites where sex behaviors are assumed to be practiced and risk is conferred. But, how exactly these behaviors influence venue patronage is not well understood. In this study, we present a two-mode network analysis that determines the extent that three types of sex behaviors-condomless sex, sex-drug use, and group sex-influence the patronage of different types of social venues among a population sample of young Black MSM (YBMSM) (N = 623)...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079818/factors-associated-with-syphilis-incidence-in-the-hiv-infected-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretrovirals
#20
Mohaned Shilaih, Alex Marzel, Dominique L Braun, Alexandra U Scherrer, Helen Kovari, Jim Young, Alexandra Calmy, Katharine Darling, Manuel Battegay, Matthias Hoffmann, Enos Bernasconi, Maria C Thurnheer, Huldrych F Günthard, Roger D Kouyos
After several years of steady decline, syphilis is reemerging globally as a public health hazard, especially among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Syphilis resurgence is observed mainly in men who have sex with men (MSM), yet other transmission groups are affected too. In this manuscript, we study the factors associated with syphilis incidence in the Swiss HIV cohort study in the era of highly effective antiretrovirals. Using parametric interval censored models with fixed and time-varying covariates, we studied the immunological, behavioral, and treatment-related elements associated with syphilis incidence in 3 transmission groups: MSM, heterosexuals, and intravenous drug users...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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