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Gastroenterology and endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040487/pedunculated-liposarcoma-of-the-esophagus
#1
G B Salis, J C Albertengo, M Bruno, G Palau, R González Villaveirán, D Lombardo, V Villafañe, C Zorraquín, M Ghigliani
Polypoid tumours of the esophagus present diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Liposarcomas are infrequent among them. We report a recent case. A 73-year-old male patient was seen in May 1995 in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Clinica Modelo de Morón, with intermittent dysphagia and dyspnoea due to recurrent vomiting. A laryngeal lineal tomography showed a subglottic obstruction due to extrinsic compression. The patient was referred to the Gastroenterology Department, where an upper gastrointestinal (upper GI) series demonstrated mega-esophagus with abundant retained food...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036747/prevention-of-multidrug-resistant-infections-from-contaminated-duodenoscopes-position-statement-of-the-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-and-european-society-of-gastroenterology-nurses-and-associates-esgena
#2
Ulrike Beilenhoff, Holger Biering, Reinhard Blum, Jadranka Brljak, Monica Cimbro, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Cesare Hassan, Michael Jung, Christiane Neumann, Michael Pietsch, Lionel Pineau, Thierry Ponchon, Stanislav Rejchrt, Jean-François Rey, Verona Schmidt, Jayne Tillett, Jeanin van Hooft
Patients should be informed about the benefits and risks of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)Only specially trained and competent personnel should carry out endoscope reprocessing.Manufacturers of duodenoscopes should provide detailed instructions on how to use and reprocess their equipment.In the case of modifications to their equipment, manufacturers should provide updated instructions for use.Detailed reprocessing protocols based on the manufacturer's instructions for use should clearly lay out the different reprocessing steps necessary for each endoscope model...
October 16, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036431/longitudinal-outcomes-of-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-surveillance-endoscopy-for-barrett-s-esophagus-with-low-grade-dysplasia
#3
A Kahn, M Al-Qaisi, V T Kommineni, J K Callaway, E S Boroff, G E Burdick, D M Lam-Himlin, M Temkit, M F Vela, F C Ramirez
Radiofrequency ablation of Barrett's esophagus with low-grade dysplasia is recommended in recent American College of Gastroenterology guidelines, with endoscopic surveillance considered a reasonable alternative. Few studies have directly compared outcomes of radiofrequency ablation to surveillance and those that have are limited by short duration of follow-up. This study aims to compare the long-term effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation versus endoscopic surveillance in a large, longitudinal cohort of patients with Barrett's esophagus, and low-grade dysplasia...
September 27, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018538/replacement-of-warfarin-with-a-novel-oral-anticoagulant-in-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Takuya Yamada, Akiko Kada, Toshio Uraoka, Toshio Kuwai, Noriko Watanabe, Yoshihiro Sasaki, Katsuhiro Mabe, Yasuo Takahashi, Takashi Kagaya, Toshihisa Kimura, Hiroshige Hamada, Akiko M Saito, Naohiko Harada
INTRODUCTION: This randomised controlled trial aims to compare the efficacy of warfarin replacement with apixaban without postoperative resumption of heparin with that of conventional heparin bridging in patients taking warfarin and scheduled to undergo endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR): specifically, by checking for reduction in proportion of postoperative bleeding following EMR. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The multicentre, open-label randomised parallel-group, controlled intervention study regards patients taking warfarin who are scheduled to undergo colon EMR...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989059/clinical-practice-update-the-use-of-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-achalasia-expert-review-and-best-practice-advice%C3%A2-from-the-american-gastroenterological-association
#5
REVIEW
Peter J Kahrilas, David Katzka, Joel E Richter
The purpose of this review is to describe a place for per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) among the currently available robust treatments for achalasia. The recommendations outlined in this review are based on expert opinion and on relevant publications from PubMed and EMbase. The Clinical Practice Updates Committee of the American Gastroenterological Association proposes the following recommendations: 1) in determining the need for achalasia therapy, patient-specific parameters (Chicago Classification subtype, comorbidities, early vs late disease, primary or secondary causes) should be considered along with published efficacy data; 2) given the complexity of this procedure, POEM should be performed by experienced physicians in high-volume centers because an estimated 20-40 procedures are needed to achieve competence; 3) if the expertise is available, POEM should be considered as primary therapy for type III achalasia; 4) if the expertise is available, POEM should be considered as treatment option comparable with laparoscopic Heller myotomy for any of the achalasia syndromes; and 5) post-POEM patients should be considered high risk to develop reflux esophagitis and advised of the management considerations (potential indefinite proton pump inhibitor therapy and/or surveillance endoscopy) of this before undergoing the procedure...
October 6, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983504/perspectives-on-endoscopic-surveillance-of-dysplasia-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-survey-of-academic-gastroenterologists
#6
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Sanjay K Murthy, Geoffrey C Nguyen
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Dye-based chromoendoscopy (DBC) is the preferred method for endoscopic dysplasia surveillance in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We sought to examine the uptake of, and perception toward DBC among academic gastroenterologists. METHODS:  We conducted an online survey of academic members of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology to assess their current dysplasia surveillance practice, uptake of DBC, and perceived barriers to adoption of DBC...
October 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961577/predictors-of-no-show-rate-in-the-gi-endoscopy-suite-at-a-safety-net-academic-medical-center
#7
Asim Shuja, Ciel Harris, Petra Aldridge, Miguel Malespin, Silvio W de Melo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Noncompliance with physician and procedure appointments is associated with poor disease control and worse disease outcomes. This also impacts the quality of care, decreases efficiency, and affects revenue. Studies have shown that no-show rates are higher in clinics caring for underserved populations and may contribute to poorer health outcomes in this group. METHODS: We performed a 17-month retrospective observational cohort study of patients scheduled for outpatient procedures in the Gastroenterology endoscopy suite at the University of Florida Health, Jacksonville...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957985/evidence-supporting-serology-based-pathway-for-diagnosing-coeliac-disease-in-asymptomatic-children-from-high-risk-groups
#8
Siba Prosad Paul, Bhupinder Kaur Sandhu, Christine Helen Spray, Dharamveer Basude, Pramila Ramani
OBJECTIVE: The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines for diagnosing coeliac disease (CD) in children were modified in 2012. They recommend that in symptomatic children with anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) titre of greater than 10-times upper limit of normal (>10xULN) and who have positive anti-endomysial antibody and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 haplotype, the diagnosis of CD can be based on serology. Aim of this study is to establish whether serology-based pathway of the ESPGHAN guidelines could also be reliably applied to asymptomatic children from high-risk groups...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957967/introduction-of-the-nurse-endoscopist-role-in-one-australian-health-service
#9
Nerissa Duncan, Deanne Bonney, Catherine Au, Cheyne Chalmers, Paul N Bennett
In Australia, nurses performing endoscopic procedures is a recent phenomenon and is uncommon. Challenges include gastroenterologist and patient acceptance of the nurse endoscopist role. This article aims to explore Monash Health's experience with the introduction of a nurse endoscopist. A nurse endoscopist trainee undertook a comprehensive training program under the supervision of a gastroenterologist. All procedural data were collected, organizational policy and procedures were developed, and patients (n = 40) completed a telephone interview postprocedure...
September 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927657/endoscopic-training-a-nationwide-survey-of-french-fellows-in-gastroenterology
#10
Aurélien Amiot, Guillaume Conroy, Yann Le Baleur, Jérôme Winkler, Maxime Palazzo, Xavier Treton
BACKGROUND: During their 4 years of training, French fellows in gastroenterology should acquire theoretical and practical competency in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. AIMS: To evaluate the delivery of endoscopy training to French GI fellows and perception of learning. METHODS: A nationwide electronic survey was carried out of French GI fellows using an anonymous, 17-item electronic questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 291 out of 484 (60%) GI fellows responded to the survey...
September 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919600/modified-blatchford-score-for-risk-stratification-in-adult-patient-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-and-their-short-term-hospital-outcome
#11
M S Islam, M Z Uddin, M S Ali, M N Islam, M H Rahman, I H Robi, M M Haque, M W Rahman, M A Uddin, F Ahamed, M S Malek, M A Kabir, M S Rahman, A U Khan, F A Doel
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#12
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906293/frequency-and-variables-associated-with-fasting-orders-in-inpatients-with-ulcerative-colitis-the-audit-of-diet-orders-ulcerative-colitis-adore-uc-study
#13
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Kevin Pivovarov, Kyle J Fortinsky, A Hillary Steinhart, Adam V Weizman
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines suggest that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized because of a disease flare should be offered a normal diet, unless such a diet is not tolerated. Studies of hospitalized patients have demonstrated iatrogenic malnutrition from unjustified or inappropriate nil per os (NPO) or clear liquid diet (CLD) orders. In this study, we aim to characterize the burden of this problem in hospitalized patients with UC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with UC admitted to the gastroenterology service or the general internal medicine service at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2009 and December 2014, with a length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905472/design-paper-japan-endoscopy-database-jed-a-prospective-big-database-project-related-to-gastroenterological-endoscopy-in-japan
#14
K Matsuda, K Tanaka, M Fujishiro, Y Saito, K Ohtsuka, I Oda, C Katada, M Kato, M Kida, K Kobayashi, S Hoteya, T Horimatsu, S Kodashima, T Matsuda, M Muto, H Yamamoto, S Ryozawa, R Iwakiri, H Kutsumi, H Miyata, M Kato, K Haruma, K Fujimoto, N Uemura, M Kaminishi, H Tajiri
The advent of electrical medical records brought image filing systems to many hospitals, as well as electrical endoscopic medical records. However, data integration among multiple different venders has not yet been accomplished. We start the Japan Endoscopic Database (JED) Project endorsed by Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES) from January 2015. The purposes of this project are as follows: 1) developing the world's largest endoscopic database generated from daily use of the reporting system 2) capturing the actual performance of endoscopic practice in Japan; and 3) standardizing the terminology and fundamental items for the registry of clinical studies...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902372/-cost-assessment-for-endoscopic-procedures-in-the-german-diagnosis-related-group-drg-system-5-year-cost-data-analysis-of-the-german-society-of-gastroenterology-project
#15
Markus Rathmayer, Wolfgang Heinlein, Claudia Reiß, Jörg G Albert, Bora Akoglu, Martin Braun, Thorsten Brechmann, Stefan K Gölder, Tim Lankisch, Helmut Messmann, Arne Schneider, Martin Wagner, Markus Dollhopf, Felix Gundling, Michael Röhling, Cornelie Haag, Ines Dohle, Sven Werner, Frank Lammert, Steffen Fleßa, Michael H Wilke, Wolfgang Schepp, Markus M Lerch
Background In the German hospital reimbursement system (G-DRG) endoscopic procedures are listed in cost center 8. For reimbursement between hospital departments and external providers outdated or incomplete catalogues (e. g. DKG-NT, GOÄ) have remained in use. We have assessed the cost for endoscopic procedures in the G-DRG-system. Methods To assess the cost of endoscopic procedures 74 hospitals, annual providers of cost-data to the Institute for the Hospital Remuneration System (InEK) made their data (2011 - 2015; § 21 KHEntgG) available to the German-Society-of-Gastroenterology (DGVS) in anonymized form (4873 809 case-data-sets)...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898917/technical-aspects-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-eus-guided-sampling-in-gastroenterology-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-technical-guideline-march-2017
#16
Marcin Polkowski, Christian Jenssen, Philip Kaye, Silvia Carrara, Pierre Deprez, Angels Gines, Gloria Fernández-Esparrach, Pierre Eisendrath, Guruprasad P Aithal, Paolo Arcidiacono, Marc Barthet, Pedro Bastos, Adele Fornelli, Bertrand Napoleon, Julio Iglesias-Garcia, Andrada Seicean, Alberto Larghi, Cesare Hassan, Jeanin E van Hooft, Jean-Marc Dumonceau
For routine EUS-guided sampling of solid masses and lymph nodes (LNs) ESGE recommends 25G or 22G needles (high quality evidence, strong recommendation); fine needle aspiration (FNA) and fine needle biopsy (FNB) needles are equally recommended (high quality evidence, strong recommendation).When the primary aim of sampling is to obtain a core tissue specimen, ESGE suggests using 19G FNA or FNB needles or 22G FNB needles (low quality evidence, weak recommendation).ESGE recommends using 10-mL syringe suction for EUS-guided sampling of solid masses and LNs with 25G or 22G FNA needles (high quality evidence, strong recommendation) and other types of needles (low quality evidence, weak recommendation)...
October 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890816/epidemiological-profile-of-gastric-cancer-in-the-northwestern-region-of-algeria-about-116-cases
#17
Safia Fehim, Racheda Bouhaous, Mustapha Diaf, Amine Mokhtar Drici, Meghit Boumediene Khaled
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) remains a public health issue despite the global incidence decrease over the last decades. GC is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide and stills of poor prognosis due to its late detection. The overall objective of our study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological aspects of stomach cancer. However, the specific purpose was to determine the gastric precancerous lesions among patients with histologically confirmed GC admitted at the gastroenterology department of the University Hospital of Sidi-Bel-Abbes city, Algeria...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886205/placebo-response-and-remission-rates-in-randomised-trials-of-induction-and-maintenance-therapy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#18
REVIEW
Vipul Jairath, G Y Zou, Claire E Parker, John K MacDonald, Turki AlAmeel, Mohammad Al Beshir, Majid A Almadi, Talal Al-Taweel, Nathan Ss Atkinson, Sujata Biswas, Thomas Chapman, Parambir S Dulai, Mark A Glaire, Daniël R Hoekman, Andreas Koutsoumpas, Elizabeth Minas, Mahmoud H Mosli, Mark Samaan, Reena Khanna, Simon Travis, Geert D'Haens, William J Sandborn, Brian G Feagan
BACKGROUND: It is important to minimize placebo rates in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to efficiently detect treatment differences between interventions. Historically, high placebo rates have been observed in clinical trials of ulcerative colitis (UC). A better understanding of factors influencing placebo rates may lead to more informed clinical trial design. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate placebo response and remission rates in RCTs evaluating UC treatments in adult patients...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878867/prevalence-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-in-a-single-tertiary-center-of-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-analytic-study
#19
Mpho Kgomo, Ali A Elnagar, Jaco Nagel, Taole Mokoena
The incidence of esophageal cancer varies widely in the world. In the Middle East, Africa, and Asia and parts of Europe, squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus dominates the esophageal cancer landscape. Worldwide the rates are highest in Northern China, South Africa, Turkey and Iran. In the United States, the black population has a five-fold higher incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma than the white population. To determine the prevalence of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in a single tertiary center in South Africa...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841650/transparency-ethics-in-practice-revisiting-financial-conflicts-of-interest-disclosure-forms-in-clinical-practice-guidelines
#20
Yidan Lu, Derek J Jones, Nour Sharara, Tonya Kaltenbach, Loren Laine, Kenneth McQuaid, Roy Soetikno, Venkataraman Subramanian, Alan Barkun
BACKGROUND: Authors of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) disclose financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) to promote transparency ethics. Typically, they do so on standard declaration forms containing generic open-ended questions on FCOIs. Yet, the literature is scant on the format and effect of alternative disclosure forms. Does supplementing a standard form with subsequent detailed disclosure forms tailored to the context of the CPG improve the yield or accuracy of FCOIs declarations? METHODS: For an international CPG in gastroenterology on the endoscopic surveillance for colorectal neoplasia in inflammatory bowel disease, we compared the use of a standard FCOIs disclosure form with a contextual FCOIs disclosure form that detailed commercial relations related to the CPG topic...
2017: PloS One
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