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Gastroenterology and endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434711/endoscopic-management-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-an-analysis-of-846-cases-in-china
#1
Fangfang Yuan, Xiaowei Tang, Wei Gong, Lei Su, Yali Zhang
Foreign body ingestion is a relatively common occurrence, which may lead to morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to report the experience of management of upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies by endoscopy in a large center. All patients who presented at the Department of Gastroenterology at Nanfang Hospital (Guangzhou, China) with complaints regarding upper gastrointestinal (GI) foreign body ingestion from December 1987 to December 2013. Hospital medical charts and endoscopic records were examined to evaluate etiology, treatment, and outcomes for these patients...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429156/guideline-adherence-to-colonoscopic-surveillance-intervals-after-polypectomy-in-korea-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#2
Seri Hong, Mina Suh, Kui Son Choi, Boyoung Park, Jae Myung Cha, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jae Kwan Jun, Dong Soo Han
Background/Aims: People around the world are increasingly choosing to undergo colorectal cancer screening via colonoscopy. As a result, guideline adherence to postpolypectomy colonoscopy surveillance has drawn increasing attention. The present study was performed to assess recognition and adherence to guidelines among primary care physicians and gastroenterologists and to identify characteristics associated with compliance. Methods: A nationwide sample of primary care physicians employed at cancer screening facilities and registered members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy were recruited...
February 13, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411902/jges-guidelines-for-endoscopic-papillary-large-balloon-dilation
#3
REVIEW
Takao Itoi, Shomei Ryozawa, Akio Katanuma, Yoshinobu Okabe, Hironori Kato, Jun Horaguchi, Takayoshi Tsuchiya, Takuji Gotoda, Naotaka Fujita, Kenjiro Yasuda, Yoshinori Igarashi, Kazuma Fujimoto
The Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society has developed the 'EPLBD Clinical Practice Guidelines' as fundamental guidelines based on new scientific techniques. EPLBD is a treatment method that has recently become widely used for choledocolithiasis. The evidence level in this field is usually low, and in many instances, the recommendation grading has to be determined on the basis of expert consensus. At this point, the guidelines are divided into the following 6 sections according to the 'EST Clinical Practice Guidelines': 1) Indications, 2) procedures, 3) special cases, 4) procedure-related adverse events, 5) treatment outcomes, and 6) postoperative follow up observation...
February 7, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404464/factors-influencing-decisions-about-a-career-in-hepatology-a-survey-of-gastroenterology-fellows
#4
Sarah M Ordway, Manish B Singla, Patrick E Young, Rohit Satoskar, Ryan M Kwok
Despite an unmet need for hepatologists in the United States, every year transplant hepatology (TH) fellowship positions remain unfilled. To address this, we investigated factors that influence trainee decisions about pursuing a career in hepatology. We invited current gastroenterology (GI) and TH fellows from all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited programs for the academic year 2014-2015 to participate in an online survey about factors influencing decisions to train in hepatology...
June 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402809/questionnaire-based-survey-on-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-management-of-antithrombotic-agents-during-endoscopy-among-asian-countries
#5
Nanae Tsuruoka, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Yasuhisa Sakata, Kazuma Fujimoto, Takeshi Kamiya, Takashi Joh, Kengo Tokunaga, Shin'ichi Takahashi, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Yuji Naito, Akihito Nagahara, Toshio Watanabe, Francis K L Chan, Ki-Baik Hahm, Udom Kachintorn, Kwong Ming Fock, Ari Fahrial Syam, Abdul Aziz Rani, Jose D Sollano, Qi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines on the management of antithrombotic therapy for endoscopic procedures vary among countries. Differences in the management of antithrombotic agents for endoscopic procedures between Western and Eastern countries have already been reported. However, no study has investigated the differences among Asian countries. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in the etiology of gastrointestinal bleeding and management of antithrombotic agents during endoscopic procedures between Japan and other Asian countries (OAC)...
February 2, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401491/urgent-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-is-not-superior-to-early-ercp-in-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-with-biliary-obstruction-without-cholangitis
#6
Hee Seung Lee, Moon Jae Chung, Jeong Youp Park, Seungmin Bang, Seung Woo Park, Si Young Song, Jae Bock Chung
Acute pancreatitis is a common diagnosis worldwide, with gallstone disease being the most prevalent cause (50%). The American College of Gastroenterology recommends urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (within 24 h) for patients with biliary pancreatitis accompanied by cholangitis. Most international guidelines recommend that ERCP be performed within 72 h in patients with biliary pancreatitis and a bile duct obstruction without cholangitis, but the optimal timing for endoscopy is controversial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382240/diagnostic-yield-is-not-influenced-by-the-timing-of-screening-endoscopy-morning-versus-afternoon
#7
Ying Xu, Ke Chen, Lantao Xu, Xiaoqin Yuan, Yunlin Wu, Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the colonoscopy quality affected by the endoscopist's fatigue. This study was aimed to evaluate this potential factor in a colorectal cancer-screening cohort of Chinese patients. METHODS: The attendances at department of gastroenterology for colorectal cancer screening between 2013 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure time-of-day and hours elapse were recorded. The primary outcome was defined as adenoma detection rate (ADR)...
January 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353050/helicobacter-pylori-infection-an-update-for-the-internist-in-the-age-of-increasing-global-antibiotic-resistance
#8
REVIEW
Osama Siddique, Anais Ovalle, Ayesha S Siddique, Steven F Moss
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infects approximately half the world's population and is especially prevalent in the developing world. H. pylori is as an important cause of global ill health due to its known etiological role in peptic ulcer disease, dyspepsia, gastric cancer, lymphoma and, more recently recognised in iron deficiency anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Increased antibiotic usage worldwide has led to antibiotic resistance among many bacteria, including H. pylori, resulting in falling success rates of first-line anti-H...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342997/-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-deficiency-manifested-as-crohn-s-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
L J Xu, Y Y Luo, J D Yu, J G Lou, Y H Fang, J Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) deficient patients with clinical manifestation of Crohn's disease. Methods: Clinical manifestations, laboratory investigations, genetic testing and therapeutic interventions of one case of XIAP deficiency who was admitted to Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in May 2016 were summarized. PubMed and Chinese database for articles published from January 2016 to June 2017 were searched using the key words of'Crohn's disease'and'XIAP', and the relevant literature was reviewed...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334518/is-ileocecal-valve-intubation-essential-for-routine-colonoscopic-examination
#10
Murat Meral, Göksel Bengi, Hasan Kayahan, Mesut Akarsu, Müjde Soytürk, Ömer Topalak, Hale Akpinar, Özgül Sağol
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of terminal ileum intubation during routine colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We routinely performed terminal ileum intubation in all patients who underwent colonoscopy at Dokuz Eylul University Hospital between February 2014 and June 2015. Two gastroenterology fellows performed colonoscopies in the Central Endoscopy Unit. Demographic data of patients, indications of colonoscopies, cecum and ileum intubation rate/time, and endoscopic and histopathologic findings of the terminal ileum were all assessed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331946/management-of-patients-on-antithrombotic-agents-undergoing-emergency-and-elective-endoscopy-joint-asian-pacific-association-of-gastroenterology-apage-and-asian-pacific-society-for-digestive-endoscopy-apsde-practice-guidelines
#11
Francis K L Chan, Khean-Lee Goh, Nageshwar Reddy, Kazuma Fujimoto, Khek Yu Ho, Seiji Hokimoto, Young-Hoon Jeong, Takanari Kitazono, Hong Sik Lee, Varocha Mahachai, Kelvin K F Tsoi, Ming-Shiang Wu, Bryan P Yan, Kentaro Sugano
This Guideline is a joint official statement of the Asian Pacific Association of Gastroenterology (APAGE) and the Asian Pacific Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE). It was developed in response to the increasing use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) in patients undergoing gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy in Asia. After reviewing current practice guidelines in Europe and the USA, the joint committee identified unmet needs, noticed inconsistencies, raised doubts about certain recommendations and recognised significant discrepancies in clinical practice between different regions...
March 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321069/gastroenterologist-and-primary-care-perspectives-on-a-post-endoscopy-discharge-policy-impact-on-clinic-wait-times-provider-satisfaction-and-provider-workload
#12
Daniel Selvig, Justin L Sewell, Delphine S Tuot, Lukejohn W Day
BACKGROUND: To reduce unnecessary ambulatory gastroenterology (GI) visits and increase access to GI care, San Francisco Health Network gastroenterologists and primary care providers implemented guidelines in 2013 that discharged certain patients back to primary care after endoscopy with formal written recommendations. This study assesses the longer-term impact of this policy on GI clinic access, workflow, and provider satisfaction. METHODS: An email-based survey assessed gastroenterologist and primary care provider (PCP) opinions about the discharge process...
January 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247546/jges-guidelines-for-endoscopic-sphincterotomy
#13
REVIEW
Shomei Ryozawa, Takao Itoi, Akio Katanuma, Yoshinobu Okabe, Hironari Kato, Jun Horaguchi, Naotaka Fujita, Kenjiro Yasuda, Toshio Tsuyuguchi, Kazuma Fujimoto
The Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES) has recently compiled guidelines for endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) using evidence-based methods. Content regarding actual clinical practice, including detailed endoscopic procedures, instruments, device types and usages, has already been published by the JGES postgraduate education committee in May 2015, and thus in these guidelines we avoided duplicating such content as much as possible. The guidelines do not address pancreatic sphincterotomy, endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD), and endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD)...
December 16, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235736/primary-and-secondary-antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-israeli-children-and-adolescents
#14
Michal Kori, Jacob Yahav, Rita Berdinstein, Haim Shmuely
BACKGROUND: Empiric treatment for Helicobacter pylori is influenced by antibiotic susceptibility of infecting strains. A rise in the resistance rate to clarithromycin and metronidazole has been reported in pediatric populations. OBJECTIVES: To assess the primary and secondary antibiotic resistance of H. pylori isolates in Israeli children and adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective review of H. pylori isolates cultured from antral biopsies of consecutive children aged 1 to 18 years, who were referred to the Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, over a 2...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222943/an-ascariasis-revealed-by-videocapsule-endoscopy
#15
Bertrand Brieau, Pierre Loulergue, Romain Coriat
A 68-year-old woman, native from Madagascar, was referred to the Gastroenterology unit investigating an episode of melena in April 2015. She has a history of systemic sclerosis and Gougerot-Sjogren syndrome diagnosed in 2014 without systemic treatment. Her laboratory tests just showed anemia (10 g/dL), without eosinophilia nor other abnormality.She is living in metropolitan France since 1988, but returned annually to Madagascar. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 9, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211800/diagnostic-test-strategies-in-children-at-increased-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-primary-care
#16
Gea A Holtman, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Boudewijn J Kollen, Obbe F Norbruis, Johanna C Escher, Laurence C Walhout, Angelika Kindermann, Yolanda B de Rijke, Patrick F van Rheenen, Marjolein Y Berger
BACKGROUND: In children with symptoms suggestive of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who present in primary care, the optimal test strategy for identifying those who require specialist care is unclear. We evaluated the following three test strategies to determine which was optimal for referring children with suspected IBD to specialist care: 1) alarm symptoms alone, 2) alarm symptoms plus c-reactive protein, and 3) alarm symptoms plus fecal calprotectin. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted, including children with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms referred to pediatric gastroenterology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199163/how-should-we-describe-diagnose-and-observe-the-barrett-s-esophagus
#17
Hakan Akın, Yücel Aydın
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is one of the major complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) commonly encountered in gastroenterology clinics. A consensus has not been achieved yet with respect to the definition of BE in published guidelines. It is advised to use the Prague classification and not to use the definition of short and long segments for the endoscopic standardization of BE. Undertaking biopsies with white-light endoscopy from each of the 4 quadrants at 2-cm intervals is the standard method for the diagnosis of BE...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195269/-the-revised-version-of-standard-terminology-in-gastroenterological-endoscopy-result-of-a-consensus-project-of-the-german-society-for-gastroenterology-digestive-and-metabolic-diseases
#18
Alexander Meining, Werner Schmidbaur, Brigitte Schumacher, Thomas Toermer, Martin Keuchel, Peter Baltes, Ulrike Denzer, Martin Götz, Jürgen Hochberger, Ralf Jakobs, Jochen Klaus, Gero Moog, Ulrich Rosien, Stefan von Delius, Till Wehrmann, Markus M Lerch, Frank Lammert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184611/safety-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-with-conscious-sedation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Christian M Andrade, Brijesh Patel, Meghana Vellanki, Ambuj Kumar, Gitanjali Vidyarthi
AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the safety of conscious sedation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: A comprehensive electronic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed from inception until March 1, 2015. In an effort to include unpublished data, abstracts from prior gastroenterological society meetings as well as other reference sources were interrogated. After study selection, two authors utilizing a standardized data extraction form collected the data independently...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155635/case-248-cystic-duodenal-dystrophy-with-groove-pancreatitis
#20
Aruna R Patil, Shrivalli Nandikoor, Govindarajan Mallarajapatna, Swarna Shivakumar
History A 59-year-old man presented to the gastroenterology outpatient department with acute abdominal pain centered in the epigastrium. He had experienced similar episodes of abdominal pain in the past that had been treated with surgery. He reported multiple failed attempts at upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Laboratory tests were performed at the time of admission and revealed a serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase level of 9 U/L [0.15 μkat/L] (normal range, 5-40 U/L [0.08-0.67 μkat/L]), a serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase level of 34 U/L [0...
December 2017: Radiology
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