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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932975/the-effect-of-a-geriatric-evaluation-on-treatment-decisions-for-older-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
N M Verweij, E T D Souwer, A H W Schiphorst, H A Maas, J E A Portielje, A Pronk, F van den Bos, M E Hamaker
BACKGROUND: Treating elderly colorectal cancer patients can be challenging. It is very important to carefully weigh the risks and benefits of potential treatments in individual patients. This treatment decision making can be guided by geriatric consultation. Our aim was to assess the effect of a geriatric evaluation on treatment decisions for older patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients who were referred for a geriatric consultation between 2013 and 2015 in three Dutch teaching hospitals were included in a prospective database...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913934/the-incidence-of-sarcopenia-among-hospitalized-older-patients-results-from-the-glisten-study
#2
Anna Maria Martone, Lara Bianchi, Pasquale Abete, Giuseppe Bellelli, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Emanuele Marzetti, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Stefano Volpato, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND: New evidence is emerging on the importance of lean body mass during periods of illness and recovery. The preservation of lean body mass during such periods of intense stress impacts both patient and treatment outcomes. However, data concerning the incidence of sarcopenia among older people during hospitalization are scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the development of sarcopenia in a sample of hospitalized older subjects. METHODS: We used data of 394 participants from the multicentre Italian Study conducted by the Gruppo Lavoro Italiano Sarcopenia-Trattamento e Nutrizione (GLISTEN) in 12 Acute Care Wards (Internal Medicine and Geriatrics) of University Hospitals across Italy...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892951/outcomes-of-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-geriatric-patients-in-intensive-care-unit
#3
Vivek Aggarwal, Rajeshwar Singh, Jung Bahadur Singh, Jps Bawa, Nimish Gaur, Sandeep Kumar, I V Nagesh
INTRODUCTION: Increase in life expectancy across the globe has led to rise in geriatric population. Geriatric population is now living longer and healthier. This rise in geriatric population has also led to increase in the geriatric ailments leading to increased number of geriatric patients requiring intensive care including mechanical ventilation. Data on outcomes of geriatric patients requiring mechanical ventilation from India is scarce. AIM: To study the profile and outcome of geriatric patients more than equal to 60 years requiring mechanical ventilation in Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877802/a-comprehensive-investigation-of-comorbidities-mechanisms-injury-patterns-and-outcomes-in-geriatric-blunt-trauma-patients
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Carlos V R Brown, Kevin Rix, Amanda L Klein, Brent Ford, Pedro G R Teixeira, Jayson Aydelotte, Ben Coopwood, Sadia Ali
The geriatric population is growing and trauma providers are often tasked with caring for injuries in the elderly. There is limited information regarding injury patterns in geriatric trauma patients stratified by mechanism of injury. This study intends to investigate the comorbidities, mechanisms, injury patterns, and outcomes in geriatric blunt trauma patients. A retrospective study of the 2012 National Trauma Databank was performed. Adult blunt trauma patients were identified; geriatric (>/=65) patients were compared with younger (<65) patients regarding admission demographics and vital signs, mechanism and severity of injury, and comorbidities...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868075/determinants-of-invasive-strategy-in-elderly-patients-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Antonin Negers, Jacques Boddaert, Lucie Mora, Jean-Louis Golmard, Laura Moïsi, Ariel Cohen, Jean-Philippe Collet, Alice Breining
BACKGROUND: Knowledge gaps across literature prevent current guidelines from providing the profile of elderly patients most likely to derive benefit from invasive strategy (IS) in non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Furthermore, the benefit of IS in a real-world elderly population with NSTEMI remains unclear. The aims of this study were to determine factors that lead the cardiologist to opt for an IS in elderly patients with NSTEMI, and to assess the impact of IS on the 6-month all-cause mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867781/low-docosahexaenoic-acid-dihomo-gamma-linolenic-acid-and-arachidonic-acid-levels-associated-with-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-in-different-nutritional-statuses
#6
Shohei Ouchi, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Kazunori Shimada, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Tomoyuki Shiozawa, Masaru Hiki, Shuhei Takahashi, Hiroshi Iwata, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
The clinical significance of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in various nutritional statuses remains unclear. For this study, we enrolled 267 patients with ADHF admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit at Juntendo University hospital between April 2012 and March 2014. The association between long-term mortality, the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), and levels of PUFAs, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), and arachidonic acid (AA) was investigated...
August 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866836/colistin-nephrotoxicity-in-the-icu-is-it-different-in-the-geriatric-patients
#7
Burcu Başarık Aydoğan, Fatma Yıldırım, Avşar Zerman, Kamil Gönderen, Melda Türkoğlu, Gülbin Aygencel
OBJECTIVE: Most significant side effect of colistin therapy which is used for the treatment of multi-drug resistant Gram-negative infections is nephrotoxicity. Our aim was to investigate the differences of colistin nephrotoxicity between the geriatric age group (≥65 years) and the younger age group (<65 years) in critically ill medical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The medical records of the 76 patients who were taken colistin therapy due to multi-resistant Gram-negative infections between January 2010 and June 2014 in the our medical ICU were retrospectively investigated...
September 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866353/frail-questionnaire-screening-tool-and-short-term-outcomes-in-geriatric-fracture-patients
#8
Lauren Jan Gleason, Emily A Benton, M Loreto Alvarez-Nebreda, Michael J Weaver, Mitchel B Harris, Houman Javedan
OBJECTIVES: There are limited screening tools to predict adverse postoperative outcomes for the geriatric surgical fracture population. Frailty is increasingly recognized as a risk assessment to capture complexity. The goal of this study was to use a short screening tool, the FRAIL scale, to categorize the level of frailty of older adults admitted with a fracture to determine the association of each frailty category with postoperative and 30-day outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843523/use-of-an-exercise-technology-in-post-acute-care-of-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-feasibility-study
#9
Verena R Cimarolli, Joann P Reinhardt, Jillian Minahan, Orah Burack, Channing Thomas, Regina Melly
OBJECTIVES: Use of exercise technologies has benefits for community-dwelling older adults in terms of improved gait and balance. But research on the feasibility of use of exercise technologies in various geriatric health care settings is lacking. Hence, the current study examined the feasibility of implementing an exercise technology intended to augment rehabilitation in patients receiving post-acute care (PAC) in a skilled nursing facility (SNF). We focused on 3 indicators of feasibility: extent of usage (including predictors of more intense use), patients' acceptability of the technology, and limited efficacy...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832067/comparison-of-overridden-medication-related-clinical-decision-support-in-the-intensive-care-unit-between-a-commercial-system-and-a-legacy-system
#10
Adrian Wong, Adam Wright, Diane L Seger, Mary G Amato, Julie M Fiskio, David Bates
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) with clinical decision support (CDS) have shown to be effective at improving patient safety. Despite this, alerts delivered as part of CDS are overridden frequently, which is of concern in the critical care population as this group may have an increased risk of harm. Our organization recently transitioned from an internally-developed EHR to a commercial system. Data comparing various EHR systems, especially after transitions between EHRs, are needed to identify areas for improvement...
August 23, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807442/age-is-related-to-neurological-outcome-in-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-ohca-receiving-therapeutic-hypothermia-th
#11
Se Jong Oh, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Ho Jang, In Cheol Hwang, Jae Hyuk Woo, Yong Su Lim, Hyuk Jun Yang
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the patients' outcomes after cardiac arrest based on age in one center, to determine whether geriatric patients had worse outcomes. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study. The patients admitted to the intensive care unit on successful resuscitation after OHCA were retrospectively identified and evaluated. RESULTS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients over 18years of-age with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (>24h) after cardiac arrest who were admitted to the emergency intensive care unit (EICU) and received post-cardiac arrest care between March 2007 and December 2013...
July 29, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795663/-evaluation-function-of-intermedin-on-prognosis-of-elderly-patients-with-sepsis
#12
Yi Zhang, Fengxue Zhu, Weihuan Du, Yongmei He, Li Guo, Zhihong Yan, Hong Ji
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predicting value of intermedin (IMD) for the prognosis of elderly sepsis patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. Forty-one patients with sepsis, aged ≥65 years, and admitted to geriatrics intensive care unit of Aerospace Center Hospital from April 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled. Thirty healthy patients were studied as control during the same time. The expression of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and IMD were tested within 24 hours during hospitalization, and the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score and prognosis was evaluated...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776901/relating-factors-to-severe-injury-from-outdoor-falls-in-older-people
#13
Hey Youn Jung, Sun Hyu Kim, Sang Cheal Lee, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Min Joung Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Chul Han
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, including floor characteristics and factors, related to severe injury from outdoor falls in older adults. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups based on injury severity: the severe group and non-severe group. The clinical and general characteristics were compared between the two groups, and factors associated with severe injury were investigated. RESULTS: Approximately 5% (364/7635) of older people involved in outdoor falls were classified into severe injury...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776066/-management-of-an-elderly-patient-in-the-emergency-room-at-the-end-of-life-a%C3%A2-medical-ethics-challenge
#14
G Michels, R Nies, S Ortmann, R Pfister, F Salomon
A 94-year-old patient with cardiogenic shock due to myocardial infarction was admitted via the emergency room. A coronary angiography and intensive care were requested. The need for care due to dementia was known. After case discussion in the interdisciplinary and multiprofessional treatment team, the decision for a palliative care concept in the form of symptom control was made in the emergency room, taking into account the patient's medical history, the current situation, and the presumed patient consent...
August 3, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757227/post-intensive-care-syndrome-the-role-of-geriatric-psychiatry-in-research-practice-and-policy
#15
EDITORIAL
Leslie P Scheunemann, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Charles F Reynolds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743336/-analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-prognosis-of-icu-patients-by-multiple-logistic-regression-model-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-1-299-patients-in-12-consecutive-years
#16
Jianfeng Liang, Zhiyong Li, Yan Zhang, Wei Zhang, Haishan Dong, Yun Zhang, Chang Xu, Maolong Gao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic factors of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of patients admitted to ICU of Beijing Geriatric Hospital from January 2005 to December 2016 were collected. According to the prognosis, the patients were divided into death group and survival group, and the mortality trend with time and age was observed. Survival and death were treated as dependent variables, while the gender, age, reason of ICU admission, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, whether undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation (MV), invasive MV reason, duration of invasive MV, whether successful weaning, whether ICU nosocomial infection, hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), acute kidney injury (AKI) occurred, whether undergoing continuous blood purification (CBP), whether septic shock occurred, whether undergoing invasive hemodynamic monitoring or blood transfusion and length of ICU stay were used as the independent variables...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733982/postoperative-complications-in-individuals-aged-70-and-over-undergoing-elective-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#17
Katleen Fagard, Julie Casaer, Albert Wolthuis, Johan Flamaing, Koen Milisen, Jean-Pierre Lobelle, Hans Wildiers, Cindy Kenis
AIM: This study aims to describe the nature, incidence, severity and outcomes of in-hospital postoperative complications (POCs) in older patients undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC).. METHOD: Patients were identified from a prospectively collected database (2009-2015) focusing on the implementation of geriatric screening and assessment in patients with cancer. Medical and surgical POCs were retrieved retrospectively from the medical records, and the severity of the POCs was graded by the Clavien-Dindo (CD) grading system...
July 22, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716375/aging-and-post-intensive-care-syndrome-a-critical-need-for-geriatric-psychiatry
#18
REVIEW
Sophia Wang, Duane Allen, You Na Kheir, Noll Campbell, Babar Khan
Because of the aging of the intensive care unit (ICU) population and an improvement in survival rates after ICU hospitalization, an increasing number of older adults are suffering from long-term impairments because of critical illness, known as post-intensive care syndrome (PICS). This article focuses on PICS-related cognitive, psychological, and physical impairments and the impact of ICU hospitalization on families and caregivers. The authors also describe innovative models of care for PICS and what roles geriatric psychiatrists could play in the future of this rapidly growing population...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699223/outcomes-of-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-in-the-geriatric-population-based-on-case-volume-at-academic-centers
#19
Scharukh Jalisi, Samuel J Rubin, Kevin Y Wu, Diana N Kirke
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the impact of case volume and other variables on cost and mortality after head and neck oncologic surgery in the geriatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The Vizient database was accessed for data on geriatric patients (age ≥65 years) who underwent surgery for head and neck cancers (excluding thyroid and skin cancer) at full member academic medical centers between 2009 and 2012. Multivariate, linear regression analyses, χ(2) tests, and analysis of variance were applied to evaluate significant associations between hospital case volume and independent variables including cost, cost index, mortality, mortality index, length of stay, length of stay index, and readmission rates...
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698343/protocol-for-an-observational-study-of-delirium-in-the-post-anaesthesia-care-unit-pacu-as-a-potential-predictor-of-subsequent-postoperative-delirium
#20
Victoria Cui, Catherine M Tedeschi, Vanessa L Kronzer, Sherry L McKinnon, Michael S Avidan
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative delirium can be a serious consequence of major surgery, associated with longer hospital stays, readmission, cognitive and functional deterioration and mortality. Delirium is an acute, reversible disorder characterised by fluctuating course, inattention, disorganised thinking and altered level of consciousness. Delirium occurring in the hours immediately following anaesthesia and delirium occurring in the postoperative period of 1-5 days have been described as distinct clinical entities...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
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