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International Society Continence

Abdul H Sultan, Ash Monga, Joseph Lee, Anton Emmanuel, Christine Norton, Giulio Santoro, Tracy Hull, Bary Berghmans, Stuart Brody, Bernard T Haylen
INTRODUCTION: The terminology for anorectal dysfunction in women has long been in need of a specific clinically-based Consensus Report. METHODS: This Report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted on Committee by experts in their fields to form a Joint IUGA/ICS Working Group on Female Anorectal Terminology...
October 22, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Christine H Oedegaard, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Eric A Youngstrom, Steven C Dilsaver, Robert H Belmaker, Ketil J Oedegaard, Ole B Fasmer, Ingunn M Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: Clinical management of bipolar disorder patients might be affected by culture and is further dependent on the context of healthcare delivery. There is a need to understand how healthcare best can be delivered in various systems and cultures. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain knowledge about culture-specific values, beliefs and practices in the medical care provided to patients with bipolar disorders from a provider perspective in various areas of the world...
October 14, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Lorenz Leitner, Matthias Walter, Ulla Sammer, Stephanie C Knüpfer, Ulrich Mehnert, Thomas M Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether urodynamic investigation (UDI), the gold standard to assess refractory lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), is appropriate to select healthy volunteers with apparent normal lower urinary tract function as control subjects for comparative studies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 42 healthy subjects (22 women, mean age 32±10 years; 20 men, mean age 37±12 years) without LUTS were included into this prospective single-centre cohort study. All subjects recorded a 3-day bladder diary, completed validated questionnaires regarding LUTS, and underwent neuro-urological assessment as well as free uroflowmetry...
2016: PloS One
Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Aurélie Macias, Jennifer Hasselgard-Rowe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, Henk Verloo, Ngoyi K Zacharie Bukonda, Philippe Chastonay
BACKGROUND: Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Articles on FGM have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non-governmental organizations, governments, as well as religious and civil society groups to end the practice. However, the consequences of this research are not well known, and it seems that the socioeconomic aspects of the practice are underreported...
2016: Global Health Action
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo De Nunzio, Mauro Gacci, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Andrea Tubaro
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of the ultrasound assessments of the bladder/detrusor wall thickness (BWT/DWT) and the ultrasound estimated bladder weight (UEBW) in lower urinary tract symptoms diagnosis and treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search from January 1995 until February 2016 was performed on PubMed using the following terms: Bladder Weight, Bladder Wall Thickness, Detrusor Wall Thickness, LUTS, Bladder Outlet Obstruction (BOO), Benign Prostatic Obstruction...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
S Shin, J Han, C Cha
AIM: The aim of this article is to describe our experience in operating a capacity-building programme, the Korea International Cooperation Project, for global nursing leaders from developing countries, held during the International Council of Nurses (ICN) Conference in 2015 in Seoul, Korea. BACKGROUND: Globalization points to the importance of global leadership among nursing leaders. In accordance with the theme of 'Global Citizen, Global Nursing' at the ICN conference in 2015, a capacity-building programme for nursing leaders of developing countries was implemented...
October 3, 2016: International Nursing Review
Yu Seob Shin, Li Tao Zhang, Jae Hyung You, In Sung Choi, Chen Zhao, Jong Kwan Park
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tamsulosin hydrochloride 0.2 mg (TAM) and its combination with solifenacin succinate 5 mg (SOL) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were randomized into three groups: TURP (group 1), TURP plus TAM (group 2), and TURP plus TAM + SOL (group 3). Patients in group 2 and group 3 received medication for 4 weeks. The primary efficacy end points were the mean change in total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and IPSS subscores...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
K Höfner
In 2002, the International Continence Society defined the term overactive bladder (OAB) as a symptom syndrome that is accompanied by urgency with or without urge incontinence, frequency and nocturia. A proven urinary tract infection or other obvious pathologies must be excluded.The pathophysiology of OAB has not been clarified in detail and is the subject of ongoing research, so partially overlapping hypotheses exist. The urothelium-based hypothesis suggests functional changes of urothelial receptors as well as functional changes regarding the sensitivity and coupling of the suburothelial myofibroblasts, which ultimately lead to increasing activity of afferent signals and urgency...
September 6, 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
Paul S J Miller, Harry Hill, Fredrik L Andersson
OBJECTIVES: The International Continence Society defines nocturia as the need to void one or more times during the night, with each of the voids preceded and followed by sleep. The chronic sleep disturbance and sleep deprivation experienced by patients with nocturia affects quality of life, compromising both mental and physical well-being. This paper aims to characterise the burden of nocturia by comparing published data from patients with nocturia with data from patients with any of 12 other common chronic conditions, specifically focusing on its impact on work productivity and activity impairment, as measured by the instrument of the same name (WPAI)...
August 31, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
Paul Abrams, Margot S Damaser, Philip Niblett, Peter F W M Rosier, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Gordon Hosker, Robert Kightley, Andrew Gammie
AIMS: Air filled catheters (AFCs) have been actively marketed for the past few years and in some geographic areas are widely used. However, as the scientific basis for introduction of this technology for pressure measurement in urodynamics was not clear, a study group examined the evidence. METHODS: A search of the peer reviewed literature was carried out. RESULTS: Four papers were identified, of which two were laboratory experiments and two were clinical papers, in female patients, that compared the pressures recorded by AFCs and those recorded using the traditional water filled catheters (WFCs)...
August 31, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Regula Doggweiler, Kristene E Whitmore, Jane M Meijlink, Marcus J Drake, Helena Frawley, Jørgen Nordling, Philip Hanno, Matthew O Fraser, Yukio Homma, Gustavo Garrido, Mario J Gomes, Sohier Elneil, Joop P van de Merwe, Alex T L Lin, Hikaru Tomoe
AIMS: Terms used in the field of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) are poorly defined and often confusing. An International Continence Society (ICS) Standard for Terminology in chronic pelvic pain syndromes (CPPS) has been developed with the aim of improving diagnosis and treatment of patients affected by chronic pelvic pain syndromes. The standard aims to facilitate research, enhance therapy development and support healthcare delivery, for healthcare providers, and patients. This document looks at the whole person and all the domains (organ systems) in a systematic way...
August 26, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ahmed Ahmed, Bilal Farhan, Simone Vernez, Gamal M Ghoniem
OBJECTIVE: To review the current definitions, terminology, epidemiology and aetiology of detrusor underactivity (DU), with specific attention to the diagnostic criteria in use. In addition, we address the relation and the overlap between DU and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). In this mini-review, we hope to help identify DU patients and facilitate structured clinical evaluation and research. METHODS: We searched the English literature using ScienceDirect and PubMed for relevant articles...
September 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Ahmed El-Zawahry, Shaheen Alanee, Angela Malan-Elzawahry
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common problem in men especially with aging. The International Continence Society (ICS) revealed an overall prevalence of LUTS of about two-thirds of men age 40 years and above. The treatment approach depends on accurate determination of the underlying etiology. LUTS is not unique to benign prostate enlargement (BPE) and can be secondary to other causes. In the era where quality of care is important, accurate diagnosis and counseling to meet patients' expectations is of extreme paramount...
October 2016: Current Urology Reports
Luzia Travado, William Breitbart, Luigi Grassi, Daisuke Fujisawa, Andrea Patenaude, Lea Baider, Stephen Connor, Michelle Fingeret
The International Psycho-Oncology Society (IPOS) Human Rights Task Force has been working since 2008 to raise awareness and support, for the relevance of psychosocial cancer care as a human rights issue. In 2014 the "Lisbon Declaration: Psychosocial Cancer Care as a Universal Human Right" was fully endorsed by IPOS. Subsequently, the IPOS Standard on Quality Cancer Care, endorsed by 75 cancer organizations worldwide, has been updated and now includes 3 core principles: Psychosocial cancer care should be recognised as a universal human right; Quality cancer care must integrate the psychosocial domain into routine care; Distress should be measured as the 6th vital sign...
August 17, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Daniel Herz, Molly Fuchs, Andrew Todd, Daryl McLeod, Jennifer Smith
BACKGROUND: Published reports of outcomes of robot assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) show mixed results that, on average, are inferior to open ureteral reimplant. We present a retrospective analysis of a prospective series of children who had RALUR from 2013 to June 2015. We hypothesized that surgical outcomes are based on identifiable risk variables. We provide a critical analysis of the relationship between patient characteristics and several surgical and non-surgical outcomes...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Blagovest Bechev, Nadya Magunska, Stefan Ivanov, Emil Kovachev
Genuine urinary stress incontinence (GUSI) is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as involuntary loss of urine coincident with increased intra-abdominal pressure in the absence of a detrusor contraction or an over-distended bladder. If the patient demonstrates a cystocele secondary to a paravaginal defect, a paravaginal defect repair should be performed before the colposuspension. The laparoscopic retropubic colposuspension gained popularity because of its reported advantages of improved visualization, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and decreased blood loss...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
L B Lewandowski, L E Schanberg, N Thielman, A Phuti, A A Kalla, I Okpechi, P Nourse, P Gajjar, G Faller, P Ambaram, H Reuter, G Spittal, C Scott
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a life-threatening multisystem autoimmune disease that is more severe in patients of African ancestry and children, yet pediatric SLE on the African continent has been understudied. This study describes a cohort of pediatric SLE (PULSE) patients in South Africa. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of SLE (1997 American College of Rheumatology criteria) diagnosed prior to age 19 years in Cape Town, South Africa, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study from September 2013 to December 2014...
August 3, 2016: Lupus
Ixora Kamisan Atan, Ka Lai Shek, Glefy Inacio Furtado, Jessica Caudwell-Hall, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVES: Levator avulsion is associated with pelvic organ prolapse in women. It is diagnosed clinically by a widened gap on palpation between the insertion of the puborectalis muscle on the inferior pubic ramus and the urethra. This gap can also be assessed on imaging. This study aimed to determine the association between sonographically determined levator-urethral gap (LUG) measurements and symptoms and signs of prolapse. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on 450 women seen in a tertiary urogynecological center for symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction between January 2013 and February 2014...
July 25, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Beverley French, Lois H Thomas, Joanna McAdam, Jacqueline Coupe, Brenda Roe, Joanne Booth, Francine Cheater, Michael J Leathley, Caroline L Watkins, Jean Hay-Smith
AIM: To evaluate factors influencing uptake and delivery of behavioural interventions for urinary incontinence from the perspective of clients and clinical staff. BACKGROUND: Behavioural interventions are recommended as first-line therapy for the management of urinary incontinence. Barriers to and enablers of uptake and delivery of behavioural interventions have not been reviewed. DESIGN: Qualitative evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychInfo, AMED (inception to May 2013); Proceedings of the International Continence Society (ICS) (2006-13)...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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