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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820662/the-impact-of-deep-muscle-training-on-the-quality-of-posture-and-breathing
#1
Elżbieta Szczygieł, Jędrzej Blaut, Katarzyna Zielonka-Pycka, Krzysztof Tomaszewski, Joanna Golec, Dorota Czechowska, Agata Masłoń, Edward Golec
Postural control and breathing are mechanically and neuromuscularly interdependent. Both systems- of spinal stability and respiration- involve the diaphragm, transversus abdominis, intercostal muscles, internal oblique muscles and pelvic floor muscles. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of exercises activating deep stabilizer muscles on postural control and quality of breathing movements. Eighteen volunteers (25,7 ± 3,5) were recruited from the general population. All the subjects implemented an exercise program activating deep muscles...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813821/gait-training-assist-system-of-a-lower-limb-prosthetic-visualizing-muscle-activation-pattern-using-a-color-depth-sensor
#2
Kunihiro Ogata, Tomoki Mita, Toshiaki Tsuji, Yoshio Matsumoto
Some unilateral lower-limb amputees load the intact limb more than the prosthetic limb. This can cause chronic pains, fatigue, lumbago, and joint diseases, including knee osteoarthritis. To avoid and counteract these symptoms it is necessary to improve their asymmetric gait. Increasing the function of the hip abductor muscle is important to maintaining symmetrical weight distribution. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a training assist system, which estimates and visualizes an abductor muscle by using a color-depth sensor...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801034/impact-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-urinary-incontinence-and-a-comparison-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-standard-treatment-ipsu-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Swati Jha, Stephen J Walters, Oscar Bortolami, Simon Dixon, Abualbishr Alshreef
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of electric stimulation plus standard pelvic floor muscle training compared to standard pelvic floor muscle training alone in women with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Single centre two arm parallel group randomised controlled trial conducted in a Teaching hospital in England. Participants were women presenting with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. The interventions compared were electric stimulation versus standard pelvic floor muscle training...
June 23, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738443/urethral-injection-therapy-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#4
REVIEW
Vivienne Kirchin, Tobias Page, Phil E Keegan, Kofi Om Atiemo, June D Cody, Samuel McClinton, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence imposes a significant health and economic burden to society. Periurethral or transurethral injection of bulking agents is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used as one the surgical treatments of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in adult women. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of periurethral or transurethral injection therapy on the cure or improvement of urinary incontinence in women. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (searched 8 November 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723370/evaluation-and-management-of-postprostatectomy-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#5
REVIEW
Alexander Kretschmer, Wilhelm Hübner, Jaspreet S Sandhu, Ricarda M Bauer
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy is the most common reason for male stress urinary incontinence. There is still uncertainty about its diagnostic and therapeutic management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence regarding the diagnosis and therapy of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature was performed in October 2015 using the Medline database. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis and conservative treatment of PPI are currently mostly based on expert opinions...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718223/self-management-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-via-a-mobile-app-2-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Victoria Hoffman, Lars Söderström, Eva Samuelsson
We investigated the long-term effects of using a mobile app to treat stress urinary incontinence with a focus on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) MATERIAL AND METHODS: A previous randomized controlled trial of 123 women aged 27-72 years found that 3 months of self-managing stress urinary incontinence with support from the Tät(®) app was effective. We followed-up the women in the app group (n=62) two years after the initial trial with the same primary outcomes for symptom severity (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form [ICIQ-UI SF]) and condition-specific quality of life (ICIQ-Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Quality of Life [ICIQ-LUTSqol]) and compared the scores with those at baseline RESULTS: Of the 62 women, 61 and 46 (75...
July 17, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715236/effects-of-different-heel-raise-lower-exercise-interventions-on-the-strength-of-plantarflexion-balance-and-gait-parameters-in-stroke-survivors
#7
Seung-Mi Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn, Tae-Lim Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Heel-Raise-Lower Exercise (HRLE) interventions on the strength of plantarflexion, balance, and gait parameters in people with stroke. Specifically, this study compared the two different HRLEs to identify whether heels raise-lower with forefoot on a block (HRB) is more effective or ineffective to enhance strength and functional capacities than heels raise-lower on a level floor (HRL) exercise in people with stroke. Repetitive heel raise-lower is a common exercise for improving the strength and power of ankle plantarflexors...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700510/changes-in-the-muscle-activity-of-gymnasts-during-a-handstand-on-various-apparatus
#8
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Michel Marina, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Mariusz Zasada
Gymnasts perform handstands on various apparatus, both in stable and unstable conditions. Such performances require specific muscle activation, which should differ depending on the condition and expertise of the gymnast. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate 1) the difference in electromyography (EMG) between handstands performed on three apparatus (floor, rings and parallel bars); and 2) the difference between young and well-trained adult gymnasts. Ten adult (25 ± 3.94 years) and 15 young (13.9 ± 0...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681849/urinary-incontinence-in-women
#9
REVIEW
Yoshitaka Aoki, Heidi W Brown, Linda Brubaker, Jean Nicolas Cornu, J Oliver Daly, Rufus Cartwright
Urinary incontinence symptoms are highly prevalent among women, have a substantial effect on health-related quality of life and are associated with considerable personal and societal expenditure. Two main types are described: stress urinary incontinence, in which urine leaks in association with physical exertion, and urgency urinary incontinence, in which urine leaks in association with a sudden compelling desire to void. Women who experience both symptoms are considered as having mixed urinary incontinence...
July 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676366/physical-therapy-treatment-of-pelvic-pain
#10
REVIEW
Michelle H Bradley, Ashley Rawlins, C Anna Brinker
Physical therapists offer a valuable service in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Physical therapists are trained in functional restoration of the whole body. The physical therapist is in the unique position to assess and treat CPP in restoration of transitional movement ease and tolerance for improved functional control with the ultimate goal of wellness. It is imperative that pelvic floor muscle overactivity, underactivity, or a combination there of is accurately assessed and treated to avoid exacerbation of symptoms...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624919/physical-activity-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-pilot-study
#11
Mifuka Ouchi, Kumiko Kato, Momokazu Gotoh, Shigeyuki Suzuki
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The details of the physical activity in patients with mild to moderate pelvic organ prolapse (Pmoderate pelvic organ prolapse (POP) remain under-studied. The purpose of the present study was to investigate objective physical activity levels and the changes in pelvic floor muscle(PFM) strength, symptoms and quality of life (QOL) between before and after PFM training (PFMT) in patients with POP. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, 29 patients with stage II or III POP completed approximately 16 weeks of PFMT...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602038/a-meta-analysis-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-the-treatment-of-urinary-incontinence
#12
REVIEW
Xiao-Fei Nie, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Lan Wang, Sharon R Redding
BACKGROUND: Symptoms associated with urinary incontinence (UI) frequently affect quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) among women with UI. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science databases were searched using relevant terms for all English-language studies published up to August 15, 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies that evaluated the effects of PFMT on UI symptoms, PFM function, and quality of life were included...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600995/high-spatial-resolution-pressure-distribution-of-the-vaginal-canal-in-pompoir-practitioners-a-biomechanical-approach-for-assessing-the-pelvic-floor
#13
Licia P Cacciari, Anice C Pássaro, Amanda C Amorim, Isabel C N Sacco
BACKGROUND: Pompoir is a technique poorly studied in the literature that claims to improve pelvic floor strength and coordination. This study aims to investigate the pelvic floor muscles' coordination throughout the vaginal canal among Pompoir practitioners and non-practitioners by describing a high resolution map of pressure distribution. METHODS: This cross-sectional, study included 40 healthy women in two groups: control and Pompoir. While these women performed both sustained and "waveform" pelvic floor muscle contractions, the spatiotemporal pressure distribution in their vaginal canals was evaluated by a non-deformable probe fully instrumented with a 10×10 matrix of capacitive transducers...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556806/quality-of-life-in-women-with-stage-1-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-application-of-conservative-treatment-a-randomized-trial
#14
Magdalena Ptak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciećwież, Iwona Rotter
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) influences quality of life in female patients. In this study, we used ICIQ LUTS QoL (The International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms quality of life) to determine the quality of life (QoL) in various domains in patients with stage 1 SUI. The study included 140 perimenopausal women subjected to urodynamic tests at the Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police (Poland) in 2013-2015...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542276/effect-of-combined-actions-of-hip-adduction-abduction-on-the-force-generation-and-maintenance-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-in-healthy-women
#15
Amanda C Amorim, Licia P Cacciari, Anice C Passaro, Simone R B Silveira, Cesar F Amorim, Jefferson F Loss, Isabel C N Sacco
Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) force and coordination are related to urinary incontinence severity and to sexual satisfaction. Health professionals frequently combine classic PFM exercises with hip adduction/abduction contraction to treat these disorders, but the real benefits of this practice are still unknown. Based on a theoretical anatomy approach whereby the levator ani muscle is inserted into the obturator internus myofascia and in which force generated by hip movements should increase the contraction quality of PFMs, our aim was to investigate the effects of isometric hip adduction and abduction on PFM force generation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508398/effect-of-electromyographic-biofeedback-as-an-add-on-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercises-on-neuromuscular-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-postmenopausal-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Adriane Bertotto, Renata Schvartzman, Silvana Uchôa, Maria Celeste Osório Wender
AIMS: To compare the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) with and without electromyographic biofeedback (BF) in increasing muscle strength, improving myoelectric activity, and improving pre-contraction and quality of life in postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 49 postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. Participants were allocated across three groups: control, PFME alone, and PFME + BF...
May 16, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504068/psychometric-properties-of-the-deep-muscle-contraction-scale-for-assessment-of-the-drawing-in-maneuver-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#17
Crystian B Oliveira, Ruben F Negrão Filho, Márcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Amanda C Araujo, Rafael Z Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background Motor control dysfunctions have been commonly reported in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). Physical therapists need clinical tools with adequate psychometric properties to assess such patients in clinical practice. The deep muscle contraction (DMC) scale is a clinical rating scale for assessing patients' ability to voluntarily contract deep abdominal muscles. Objectives To investigate the intrarater reliability, floor and ceiling effects, internal and external responsiveness, and correlation analysis (with ultrasound measures) of the DMC scale in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP undergoing a lumbar stabilization exercise program...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502411/abdominal-bracing-during-lifting-alters-trunk-muscle-activity-and-body-kinematics
#18
Pieter Coenen, Amity Campbell, Kevin Kemp-Smith, Peter O'Sullivan, Leon Straker
We assessed whether participants are able to perform abdominal bracing during lifting, and described its effects on trunk muscle activity and body kinematics. Fourteen participants performed 10 lifts (symmetrical lifting of a 15 kg load from floor level), 5 with abdominal bracing and 5 without. Activity of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and internal oblique (IO) muscles, and trunk and lower body kinematics were obtained. During non-bracing lifting, IO activity did not increase beyond rested standing levels (with average muscle activity ranging between 8...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499536/recognizing-and-managing-common-urogynecologic-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Denise M Elser
Many women experience urogynecologic or pelvic floor disorders, especially urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. The obstetrician/gynecologist is often the first health care professional to evaluate and treat these disorders. Treatments include pelvic floor muscle training, behavioral therapies, oral medications, neuromodulation, intradetrusor medications, and surgery. When approaching the woman with symptomatic prolapse, familiarity with pessaries and various surgical procedures aid in counseling...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499001/is-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-a-physical-therapy-or-a-behavioral-therapy-a-call-to-name-and-report-the-physical-cognitive-and-behavioral-elements
#20
Helena C Frawley, Sarah G Dean, Susan C Slade, E Jean C Hay-Smith
This perspective article explores whether pelvic-floor muscle training (PFMT) for the management of female urinary incontinence and prolapse is a physical therapy or a behavioral therapy. The primary aim is to demonstrate that it is both. A secondary aim is to show that the plethora of terms used for PFMT is potentially confusing and that current terminology inadequately represents the full intent, content, and delivery of this complex intervention. While physical therapists may be familiar with exercise terms, the details are often incompletely reported; furthermore, physical therapists are less familiar with the terminology used in accurately representing cognitive and behavioral therapy interventions, which results in these elements being even less well reported...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
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