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Thiago Montes Fidale, Felipe Farnesi Ribeiro Borges, Leonardo Roever, Gilmar da Cunha Souza, Alexandre Gonçalves, Eduardo Paul Chacur, Cristhyano Pimenta, Eduardo Gasparetto Haddad, Guilherme Gularte de Agostini, Fábio Clemente Gregório, Fabrício Cardoso Ribeiro Guimarães, Franciel José Arantes, Lázaro Antônio Dos Santos, Adriano Alves Pereira, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes, Guilherme Morais Puga, Frederico Balbino Lizardo
BACKGROUND: The abdominal muscles are extremely important because they are directly involved in the functions of support, containment of viscera, and help in the process of expiration, defecation, urination, vomiting, and also at the time of childbirth. Many exercises and equipment are used to strengthen the abdominal muscles, and the workouts are proposed for a variety of purposes, such as preventing and rehabilitating low back pain, improving sports performance, achieving aesthetic standards, among others...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Roopali Karmarkar, Bahareh Abtahi, Mohammed Saber-Khalaf, Gwen Gonzales, Sohier Elneil
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of gynaecological pathologies in women with Fowler's syndrome (FS) which is characterised by chronic urinary retention (CUR) secondary to failure of urethral sphincter to relax and allow normal voiding. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case control study conducted at a tertiary referral centre specialised in managing women with FS. There were 41 patients with FS in the study group with CUR without mechanical obstruction of the urethra or neurological problem...
November 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Kaísa Trovão Diniz, José Eulálio Cabral-Filho, Rafael Moura Miranda, Geisy Maria Souza Lima, Danilo de Almeida Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: One of the components of the Kangaroo Method (KM) is the adoption of the Kangaroo Position. The skin-to-skin contact and the vertical position the child adopts when in this position may provide sensorial, vestibular and postural stimuli for the newborn. The Kangaroo Position may encourage vestibular stimuli and a flexed posture of the limbs, suggesting the hypothesis that the Kangaroo Position may have an impact on flexor muscle tone. The effect of these stimuli on the motor features of the newborn has not been the subject of much investigation...
2013: BMC Pediatrics
Po-Ting Hu, Kwan-Hwa Lin, Tung-Wu Lu, Pei-Fang Tang, Ming-Hsia Hu, Jin-Shin Lai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of using a cane on movement time, joint moment, weight symmetry, and muscle activation patterns during sit-to-stand (STS) transfer in healthy subjects and subjects who have had a stroke. DESIGN: Nine subjects with hemiparesis (mean [SD] age, 61.11 [12.83] yrs) and nine healthy adults (mean [SD] age, 63.11 [10.54] yrs) were included. The subjects with hemiparesis performed STS transfer in two randomly assigned conditions: (1) without a cane and (2) with a cane...
March 2013: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Roy T H Cheung, Gabriel Y F Ng
BACKGROUND: The motion control shoe is a well-developed technology in running shoe design for controlling excessive rearfoot pronation and plantar force distribution. However, there is little information on the leg muscle activation with different shoe conditions. HYPOTHESIS: The motion control shoe can prevent excessive shank muscle activation and delay fatigue. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Twenty female recreational runners with excessive rearfoot pronation were tested with running 10 km on a treadmill on 2 days...
March 2010: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ting-Yu Chang, Hung-Chou Kuo, Kuang-Ming Hsiao, Chin-Chang Huang
BACKGROUND: Myotonia congenita (MC), whether inherited in autosomal dominant or recessive form, is caused by mutation of CLCN1 on chromosome 7 and associated with impaired skeletal muscle relaxation after contraction. The basic pathophysiology is the reduction of chloride conductance in skeletal muscles caused by various molecular mechanisms. The cause of the wide phenotypic variability in both dominant and recessive MC remains unclear. METHODS: A family clinically diagnosed with autosomal dominant myotonia congenita was enrolled...
December 2007: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
H A Teive, R H Scola, L C Werneck, Quadros Ad, E L Gasparetto, D S Sá, I V Brandi, E D Macedo Filho
Laryngeal dystonia (spasmodic dysphonia) is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of laryngeal muscles involved with vocalization. The introduction of botulinum toxin in the treatment of laryngeal dystonia had a major clinical impact due to the striking improvement of symptoms. We report the preliminary results of therapeutical use of botulinum toxin in the treatment of twelve patients with laryngeal dystonia. After an extensive clinical evaluation, the patients underwent a videostroboscopic exam for diagnostic confirmation...
March 2001: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
S H Wei
Isokinetic exercise has been commonly used in knee rehabilitation, conditioning and research in the past two decades. Although many investigators have used various experimental and theoretical approaches to study the muscle and joint force involved in isokinetic knee extension and flexion exercises, only a few of these studies have actually distinguished between the tibiofemoral joint forces and muscle forces. Therefore, the objective of this study was to specify, via an eletromyography(EMG)-driven muscle force model of the knee, the magnitude of the tibiofemoral joint and muscle forces acting during isokinetic knee extension and flexion exercises...
October 2000: Proceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China. Part B, Life Sciences
M Mihelin, J V Trontelj, J K Trontelj
The paper describes computer-aided measurement of interpotential intervals in single fibre eletromyography (SFEMG), a diagnostic and research method in clinical medicine. The method is based on analysis of consecutive intervals in pairs of single muscle fibre action potentials. The most important parameter obtained is the mean value of absolute differences of consecutive interpotential intervals, which reflects the reliability of impulse conduction along the terminal branches of motor axons and across the neuromuscular junction...
July 1975: International Journal of Bio-medical Computing
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