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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630777/magnetic-resonance-enterography-findings-of-intestinal-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-in-a-child
#1
Tommaso D'Angelo, Romina Gallizzi, Claudio Romano, Giuseppe Cicero, Silvio Mazziotti
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem disorder of unknown aetiology, characterized by recurrent oral ulcers, genital ulcers, uveitis, skin lesions, and pathergy. Gastrointestinal disease outside the oral cavity is well recognized and usually takes the form of small intestinal ulcers, with the most significant lesions frequently occurring in the ileocaecal region. Symptoms usually include nausea, vomiting, colicky abdominal pain, and change in bowel habit and it is not unusual that patients may present late, with life-threatening complications requiring surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614387/global-sensing-of-the-antigenic-structure-of-herpes-simplex-virus-gd-using-high-throughput-array-based-spr-imaging
#2
Tina M Cairns, Noah T Ditto, Huan Lou, Benjamin D Brooks, Doina Atanasiu, Roselyn J Eisenberg, Gary H Cohen
While HSV-2 typically causes genital lesions, HSV-1 is increasingly the cause of genital herpes. In addition, neonatal HSV infections are associated with a high rate of mortality and HSV-2 may increase the risk for HIV or Zika infections, reinforcing the need to develop an effective vaccine. In the GSK Herpevac trial, doubly sero-negative women were vaccinated with a truncated form of gD2 [gD2(284t)], then examined for anti-gD serum titers and clinical manifestations of disease. Surprisingly, few vaccinees were protected against genital HSV-2 but 86% were protected from genital HSV-1...
June 14, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610335/rhigonema-naylae-n-sp-rhigonematomorpha-rhigonematidae-a-new-parasitic-nematode-from-a-japanese-polydesmid-millipede-polydesmida-xystodesmidae
#3
Jans Morffe, Koichi Hasegawa
Rhigonema naylae n. sp. (Rhigonematomorpha: Rhigonematidae) is described from the hindgut of the polydesmid millipede Parafontaria laminata (Attems, 1909) (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae), from Aichi prefecture, Japan. The new species is characterized by having a medium sized body in both sexes, the cephalic collar partially fused to the body cuticle, but not overhanging the body contour; cervical region densely covered in short, fine microtrichs that extend from the posterior margin of the cephalic collar to ca...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588782/rapidly-progressing-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-arising-from-the-uterine-corpus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Aya Kobayashi, Tamaki Yahata, Sakiko Nanjo, Mika Mizoguchi, Madoka Yamamoto, Yasushi Mabuchi, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Kazuhiko Ino
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a high-grade neuroendocrine tumor. LCNECs arising from the genital organs are highly malignant and rare, with <20 cases of LCNEC developing from the uterine endometrium reported to date. We herein present the case of a patient with LCNEC of the endometrium. The patient was a 52-year-old woman, who exhibited lower abdominal pain and rapid uterine enlargement during outpatient treatment for uterine myoma. The endometrial biopsy suggested a diagnosis of poorly differentiated carcinoma or carcinosarcoma...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578184/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-vagina-in-an-adolescent-girl
#5
Geetha Narayanan, Varun Rajan, Ridu Kumar, Lali V Soman
BACKGROUND: Gynaecologic neoplasms are rare in children and represent only <5% of all childhood tumors. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the female genital tract of children accounts for only 3.5% of the cases. CASE: A 16 year old adolescent presented with a proliferating growth and foul smelling discharge from vagina, which on biopsy was diagnosed as RMS. She received chemotherapy and radiation to the primary site. She is alive in remission at 8 years. SUMMARY: RMS of the vagina is a rare, but highly curable tumor in adolescent girls...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569009/myeloid-sarcoma-identified-on-liquid-based-cervical-cytology-samples-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Jessica S Snider, Yekaterina Eichel, Alisa M Caudell, Olga S Chajewski, Jack Yang, Kathryn G Lindsey
The purpose of the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is to detect primary squamous lesions of the uterine cervix. Although most successful at detection of squamous lesions, the Pap may also detect metastatic carcinomas, sarcomas, and melanomas. We report two rare cases of myeloid sarcoma (MS) of the uterine cervix identified on screening Pap smears with concurrent confirmatory cervical biopsies. The purpose of our study is to identify and report cytologic features of MS on Pap smears utilizing a liquid-based ThinPrep method, which has not been previously documented in literature...
May 31, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546661/management-of-reproductive-tract-anomalies
#7
Garima Kachhawa, Alka Kriplani
Reproductive tract malformations are rare in general population but are commonly encountered in women with infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. Obstructive anomalies present around menarche causing extreme pain and adversely affecting the life of the young women. The clinical signs, symptoms and reproductive problems depend on the anatomic distortions, which may range from congenital absence of the vagina to complex defects in the lateral and vertical fusion of the Müllerian duct system. Identification of symptoms and timely diagnosis are an important key to the management of these defects...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546103/neurological-manifestations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Alba López Bravo, Carlos Parra Soto, Elena Bellosta Diago, Álvaro Cecilio Irazola, Sonia Santos-Lasaosa
Neurological involvement in Behçet's disease is rare, especially at the onset. It can present in the form of parenchymal changes or as damage to the vascular structures in its nonparenchymal form. The coexistence of both kinds of manifestations in the same patient is exceptional. We report the case of a 32-year-old patient with a history of deep venous thrombosis, who was being treated for holocranial headache, apathy, and oral and genital ulcers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense lesions in the basal ganglia and white matter, and the vascular study evidenced venous thrombosis of the left transverse sinus...
May 22, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545987/echography-of-clinically-relevant-disorders-in-the-genital-tract-of-female-dromedary-camels
#9
Ahmed Ali, Derar Derar, Ali Alsamri, Fahd Al Sobayil
The aim of this study was to characterize the clinically relevant genital tract disorders of dromedary camels. Reproductive tract examinations were performed via transrectal palpation, ultrasonography and vaginal exploration. The ultrasonic appearance of the reproductive pathology was described and compared with its morphology at laparotomy, after surgical removal, during postmortem examination or upon slaughter. Diagnosis was also confirmed by histopathology. The most frequently encountered follicular structures were larger than typical follicles (56/338, 16...
May 19, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541629/adult-granulosa-cell-tumors-of-the-ovary-a-retrospective-study-of-30-cases-with-respect-to-the-expression-of-steroid-synthesis-enzymes
#10
Sachiko Kitamura, Kaoru Abiko, Noriomi Matsumura, Hidekatsu Nakai, Yumiko Akimoto, Hirotoshi Tanimoto, Ikuo Konishi
OBJECTIVE: Some, but not all, granulosa cell tumors are characterized by estrogen production. This study was designed to determine whether there are clinical or pathological variations in granulosa cell tumors in relation to the expression of sex steroid synthesis enzymes. METHODS: Clinical symptoms, serum hormonal values, and histology of 30 granulosa cell tumor patients who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Most patients presented with abnormal genital bleeding including abnormal menstrual cycles...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540230/genital-tuberculosis-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Siddharth Yadav, Prabhjot Singh, Ashok Hemal, Rajeev Kumar
Genitourinary Tuberculosis (GUTB) is the second most common extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb) and an isolated involvement of genital organs is reported in 5-30% of the cases. Genital involvement results from primary reactivation of latent bacilli either in the epididymis or the prostate or by secondary spread from the already infected urinary organs. The epididymis are the commonest involved organs affected primarily by a hematogenous mode of spread. Tb is characterized by extensive destruction and fibrosis, thus an early diagnosis may prevent function and organ loss...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526917/do-we-know-the-outcome-predictors-for-cauda-equine-syndrome-ces-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-60-patients-with-ces-with-a-suggestion-for-a-new-score-to-measure-severity-of-symptoms
#12
Alexander König, Lisa Amelung, Marco Danne, Ullrich Meier, Johannes Lemcke
OBJECTIVE: Despite the awareness and familiarity of almost every medical professional with the cauda equine compression syndrome (CES), risk factors for a poor prognosis of the disease remain elusive. Even the relationship between subsequent outcome and the time elapsed from the time of appearance of symptoms to surgery taking place remain obscure. The aim of our study, therefore, was to analyze a relatively large population of our own patients studied consecutively, to identify outcome predictors for CES and to propose a clinical score for CES symptoms (Berlin CES score)...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515592/inguinoscrotal-hernia-in-infants-three-case-reports-in-ultrasound-diagnosis
#13
Dharmraj Meena, Richa Jhuria, Sangeeta Saxena, Umesh Saini
An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450789/body-after-baby-a-pilot-survey-of-genital-body-image-and-sexual-esteem-following-vaginal-birth
#14
Ruth Zielinski, Lisa Kane Low, Abigail R Smith, Janis M Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine acceptability of the Vaginal Changes Sexual and Body Esteem (VSBE) scale for women post childbirth and explore the association between childbirth events and sexual/body esteem. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study within the Evaluating Maternal Recovery from Labor and Delivery study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a community setting. POPULATION: The study was conducted in women post first vaginal birth with birth events that posed risk factors for levator ani muscle tears...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427778/factors-associated-with-delayed-presentation-and-misdiagnosis-of-testicular-torsion-a-case-control-study
#15
Christopher E Bayne, Jeffrey Villanueva, Tanya D Davis, Hans G Pohl, H G Rushton
We identified factors associated with delay in presentation and misdiagnosis of testicular torsion. Compared with acute cases, delayed presentations were more likely to report isolated abdominal pain, developmental disorders, and history of recent genital trauma. Failure to perform a genitourinary examination or scrotal imaging was associated with misdiagnosis.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419509/automatic-diagnosis-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-from-pap-smear-images
#16
M Momenzadeh, M Sehhati, A Mehri Dehnavi, A Talebi, H Rabbani
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the most common genital infections that are seen every day in clinics. This infection is due to excessive growth of Candida that are normally present in the vagina in small numbers. Diagnosis of VVC is routinely done by direct microscopy of Pap smear samples and searching for the Candida in the Pap smear glass slides. This manual method is subjective, time consuming, labour-intensive and tedious. This study presents a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) method to improve human diagnosis of VVC...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414684/who-shot-the-cannonballs-extensive-lung-metastases-in-a-39-year-old-man
#17
D Sommerhalder, J Blondin
CASE: A 39 year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining of a cough of 2 months in duration. He also complained of weight loss of 20 pounds in two months and night sweats over the same period. An x-ray of the chest was performed and revealed innumerable lung nodules and masses. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen were subsequently performed which confirmed the masses, but imaging did not reveal an obvious primary source. A testicular exam was performed but no obvious abnormalities were noted...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402260/dna-plasmid-vaccine-carrying-chlamydia-trachomatis-ct-major-outer-membrane-and-human-papillomavirus-16l2-proteins-for-anti-ct-infection
#18
Ledan Wang, Yiqi Cai, Yirong Xiong, Wangqi Du, Danwei Cen, Chanqiong Zhang, Yiling Song, Shanli Zhu, Xiangyang Xue, Lifang Zhang
Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is one of the most frequently encountered sexual infection all over the world, yielding tremendous reproductive problems (e.g. infertility and ectopic pregnancy) in the women. This work described the design of a plasmid vaccine that protect mice from Ct infection, and reduce productive tract damage by generating effective antibody and cytotoxic T cell immunity. The vaccine, s was composed of MOMP multi-epitope and HPV16L2 genes carried in pcDNA plasmid (i.e. pcDNA3.1/MOMP/HPV16L)...
May 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397653/-genital-actinomycosis-and-pelvic-abscesses-in-a-woman-with-a-13-year-old-intrauterine-device
#19
Anne Bank Boisen, Eva Bjerre Ostenfeldt, Lise Tornvig Erikstrup, Bjørn Bay
A 55-year-old woman who had had the same intrauterine device (IUD) for 13 years was referred to the gynaecology outpatient clinic due to constitutional symptoms, abdominal pain and vaginal discharge. Diagnostic imaging showed multiple pelvic abscesses, and severe chronic endometritis with Actinomyces was found in an endometrial biopsy. The patient underwent surgical drainage of the accessible abscesses and started long-term antibiotic treatment. This case report illustrates that actinomycosis is an important differential diagnosis in symptomatic women with IUD and suspected gynaecologic malignancy...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389178/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-fetal-hypospadias-accuracy-and-outcomes
#20
Yan Epelboym, Carlos Estrada, Judy Estroff
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the positive predictive value of a prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of hypospadias when compared with postnatal diagnosis based on physical exam. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all pregnant women between 2004 and 2014 who were either referred to our fetal care center carrying a fetus with an ultrasound diagnosis of possible hypospadias or who had a new diagnosis of hypospadias after imaging in our center. RESULTS: A total of 32 cases of possible hypospadias were identified, with our fetal center ultrasound suggesting hypospadias in 25 of the 32 cases (78%)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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