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Genital Image

Jumpei Ogura, Yasushi Adachi, Koji Yasumoto, Akiharu Okamura, Hirofumi Nonogaki, Kazuyo Kakui, Koji Yamanoi, Koh Suginami, Takashi Koyama, Susumu Ikehara
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the endometrium is an extremely rare, high-grade malignant tumor. We herein report a case of a rapidly growing LCNEC arising in the endometrium. A 52-year-old woman was referred to Toyooka Hospital (Tooyoka, Japan) due to genital bleeding in February 2016. There had been no abnormalities on a regular gynecological and physical examination 3 months prior to the consultation. Imaging (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) and a pelvic examination revealed a tumor sized 16...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Sara Johnsdotter
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review was to explore current research on the impact of migration on issues related to female genital cutting and sexuality. Recent Findings: There is growing evidence that migration results in a broad opposition to female genital cutting among concerned migrant groups in western countries. In addition, after migration, affected women live in the midst of a dominant discourse categorizing them as "mutilated" and sexually disfigured...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
Ivan Mañero, Trinidad Labanca
BACKGROUND: Clitoral reconstruction after genital mutilation is a feasible and effective strategy to reduce clitoral pain, improve sexual pleasure, and restore vulvar appearance. TECHNIQUE: We describe a novel surgical technique for clitorolabial reconstruction using a vaginal graft. EXPERIENCE: We present a series of 32 consecutive women who underwent this procedure at Iván Mañero Clinic, Barcelona, Spain, and were prospectively followed...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
J Knez, E Saridogan, T Van Den Bosch, D Mavrelos, G Ambler, D Jurkovic
STUDY QUESTION: What would be a potential impact of implementing the new ESHRE/European Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE) female genital anomalies classification system on the management of women with previous diagnosis of arcuate uteri based on the modified American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) criteria? SUMMARY ANSWER: A significant number of women with previous diagnosis of arcuate uteri are reclassified as having partial septate uteri according to the new ESHRE/ESGE classification system which may increase the number of remedial surgical procedures...
March 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
Anna Maria Ierardi, Valeria Savasi, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Mario Petrillo, Sara Sbaraini, Antonio Pinto, Francesco Hanozet, Anna Maria Marconi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign pelvic tumor of the female genital tract and tend to increase with age; they cause menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pressure symptoms, back pain, and subfertility. Currently, the management is based mainly on medical or surgical approaches. The nonsurgical and minimally invasive therapies are emerging approaches that to the state of the art include uterine artery embolization (UAE), image-guided thermal ablation techniques like magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) or radiofrequency ablation (RF), and percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Yoon-Myung Kim, Go Hun Seo, Gu-Hwan Kim, Jung Min Ko, Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
BACKGROUND: Adrenal hypoplasia is a rare congenital disorder, which can be classified into a non-syndromic form, without extra-adrenal features, and a syndromic form, with such features. Despite biochemical and molecular genetic evaluation, etiologic diagnosis cannot be performed in many patients with adrenal hypoplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient in this case was a boy born at 31 weeks of gestation with a weight of 882 g (< 3rd percentile) to non-consanguineous parents...
March 5, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Tian-Tian Han, Juan Chen, Shu Wang, Lan Zhu
RATIONALE: A combination of Vaginal atresia and septate uterus as a novel genital malformation has been reported the first time. It offers a support for the bidirectional theory. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old woman presented with the inability to perform intercourse. The unprecedented variant was misdiagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography as low vaginal atresia associated with complete septate uterus with functional endometrium in both the cavities...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Igino Simonetti, Piero Trovato, Francesco Verde, Luca Tarotto, Roberto Della Casa, Maria Concetta Lonardo, Gianfranco Vallone, Maria Grazia Caprio
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a congenital pathological condition characterized by an abnormal communication between the urethra and vagina, which has an estimated incidence of 0.6/10,000 female births. It could be the only known malformation or part of a syndrome. PUGS is commonly shown by a pelvic mass, related to a distended bladder, hydrometrocolpos which is due to an obstruction leading to the dilation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum or atresia, and PUGS) or both...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Zack Marshall, Fern Brunger, Vivian Welch, Shabnam Asghari, Chris Kaposy
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the collision of three factors: a growing emphasis on sharing research through open access publication, an increasing awareness of big data and its potential uses, and an engaged public interested in the privacy and confidentiality of their personal health information. One conceptual space where this collision is brought into sharp relief is with the open availability of patient medical photographs from peer-reviewed journal articles in the search results of online image databases such as Google Images...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Mayur Virarkar, Silvana de Castro Faria, Madhavi Patnana, Miao Zhang, Tara Sagebiel
Leiomyomas can develop in any organ containing smooth muscles. They most commonly occur in the gastrointestinal and the female genital tracts. Leiomyoma of the prostate is a rare, benign tumor. We report 3 cases of rare prostatic leiomyomas. The paucity of literature describing prostatic leiomyoma increases the chance for misdiagnosis. Fewer than 30 cases in the English literature, with none including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, positron emission tomography-CT, and pathological findings together were found...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
M Yavuz Acikalin, Karli K Watson, Gavan J Fitzsimons, Michael L Platt
Like humans, monkeys value information about sex and status, inviting the hypothesis that our susceptibility to these factors in advertising arises from shared, ancestral biological mechanisms that prioritize social information. To test this idea, we asked whether rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) show choice behavior that is similar to humans in response to sex and social status in advertising. Our results show that monkeys form preferences for brand logos repeatedly paired with images of macaque genitals and high status monkeys...
2018: PloS One
Hashini Nilushika Galappaththi-Arachchige, Sigve Holmen, Artemis Koukounari, Elisabeth Kleppa, Pavitra Pillay, Motshedisi Sebitloane, Patricia Ndhlovu, Lisette van Lieshout, Birgitte Jyding Vennervald, Svein Gunnar Gundersen, Myra Taylor, Eyrun Floerecke Kjetland
BACKGROUND: Urine microscopy is the standard diagnostic method for urogenital S. haematobium infection. However, this may lead to under-diagnosis of urogenital schistosomiasis, as the disease may present itself with genital symptoms in the absence of ova in the urine. Currently there is no single reliable and affordable diagnostic method to diagnose the full spectrum of urogenital S. haematobium infection. In this study we explore the classic indicators in the diagnosis of urogenital S...
2018: PloS One
Natalie R Joumblat, Jimmy Chim, Priscila Gisselle Sanchez Aguirre, Edgar Bedolla, Christopher J Salgado
Plastic surgery relies on photography for both clinical practice and research. The Photographic Standards in Plastic Surgery laid the foundation for standardized photography in plastic surgery. Despite these advancements, the current literature lacks guidelines for genital photography, thus resulting in a discordance of documentation. The authors propose photographic standards for the male and female genitalia to establish homogeneity in which information can be accurately exchanged. All medical photographs include a sky-blue background, proper lighting, removal of distractors, consistent camera framing, and standard camera angles...
February 6, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Isabelle Joy Lang, Margit Fisch, Luis Alex Kluth
BACKGROUND:  Vesico- and ureterovaginal fistulas are defined as abnormal connections between the urinary tract, on the one side, and the female genital system, on the other. Despite being highly prevalent as an acquired pathology of the urogenital system, there has as yet been no standardized protocol in place for diagnosing and treating these fistulas. This review analyses the current literature concerning vesico- and ureterovaginal fistulas in order to profile common diagnostic and therapeutic concepts...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
Hooi H Tan, Shung K Tan, Rajah Shunmugan, Rozman Zakaria, Zakaria Zahari
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a rare anomaly whereby the urinary and genital tracts fail to separate during embryonic development. We report a three-year-old female child who was referred to the Sabah Women & Children Hospital, Sabah, Malaysia, in 2016 with a pelvic mass. She had been born prematurely at 36 gestational weeks via spontaneous vaginal delivery in 2013 and initially misdiagnosed with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The external genitalia appeared normal and an initial sonogram and repeat micturating cystourethrograms did not indicate any urogenital anomalies...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Jenny Del Rocío Chamorro-Oscullo, Julián Antonio Sánchez-Cortázar, María de Guadalupe Gómez-Pérez
Mullerian duct or paramesonephric anomalies are a group of congenital malformations of the female genital tract that result from the alteration in one or more stages of embryonic development. The prevalence has increased, probably due to the progress of diagnostic imaging methods and the relevance that it has acquired in young women with infertility problems. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently the method of choice for characterizing the different types of Mullerian anomalies, its complications and associated pathology...
January 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Gladell P Paner, Walter M Stadler, Donna E Hansel, Rodolfo Montironi, Daniel W Lin, Mahul B Amin
The Tumor-Node-Metastasis (TNM) classification on cancer staging, jointly developed by the American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), has been updated to its 8th edition with two contemporaneous versions published by the AJCC and UICC. While the goal of the AJCC and UICC is to have identical TNM staging systems, differences exist between these two publications including in the staging of urologic cancers. Among several new facets in the AJCC staging manual, a select few of greater import include an expanded section on imaging, presentation of levels of evidence for significant changes, and endorsement of risk assessment models that pass the AJCC quality criteria such as in prostate cancer...
January 8, 2018: European Urology
Mayte Parada, Marina Gérard, Kevin Larcher, Alain Dagher, Yitzchak M Binik
BACKGROUND: The few studies that have examined the neural correlates of genital arousal have focused on men and are methodologically hard to compare. AIM: To investigate the neural correlates of peripheral physiologic sexual arousal using identical methodology for men and women. METHODS: 2 groups (20 men, 20 women) viewed movie clips (erotic, humor) while genital temperature was continuously measured using infrared thermal imaging. Participants also continuously evaluated changes in their subjective arousal and answered discrete questions about liking the movies and wanting sexual stimulation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Shunsuke Orisaka, Kyosuke Kagami, Yasunari Mizumoto, Wataru Koda, Masanori Ono, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Fujiwara
The current report describes a case of extragenital gestational choriocarcinoma in the kidney. A 36-year-old woman with a history of two deliveries of male babies visited the present hospital due to secondary amenorrhea following a positive urinary pregnancy test. Despite a high serum level of human chorionic gonadotropin, at 51,800 mIU/ml, diagnostic imaging methods and pathological examination did not detect any conceptus in the genital tract. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography detected 18F-FDG-positive tumors in the left kidney and right lung...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
P Dundr, K Němejcová, M Bártů, R Matěj, Z Rohan, I Tichá
BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumorigenesis and the tumor-host relationship. An important part of the tumor microenvironment is inflammatory infiltration. Its evaluation in solid tumors has prognostic meaning and appears also to be predictive of outcome, which is particularly important for predicting responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors. However, the methodology used to assess inflammatory infiltration is problematic, because it has been standardized only for certain types of tumors...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
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