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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329752/prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-a-cohort-study-in-the-city-of-izmir
#1
Omer Demir, Volkan Sen, Bora Irer, Ozan Bozkurt, Adil Esen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and possible risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among women aged 18 or older living in the city of Izmir, located in the Aegean coast of Turkey. METHODS: A questionnaire and the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) were filled by urologists (O.D., V.S., A.E., O.B., and B.I.) with face-to-face interview. The participants with urge UI (UUI) and stress UI (SUI) were compared in terms of risk factors, quality of life (QoL) scores, severity of incontinence, status of doctor consultation, and total ICIQ-SF scores...
March 22, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327453/combining-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-with-oxybutynin-is-superior-to-monotherapy-in-children-with-urge-incontinence-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#2
L Borch, S Hagstroem, K Kamperis, C V Siggaard, S Rittig
PURPOSE: To evaluate if combination therapy with TENS and oxybutynin results in a superior treatment response than monotherapy with the two modalities in childhood urge incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this placebo-controlled study 66 urge incontinent children (mean age 7.3 ± 1.6 years) were randomized into three treatment groups. Group 1: active TENS + active oxybutynin (n = 22). Group 2: active TENS + placebo oxybutynin (n = 21). Group 3: active oxybutynin + placebo TENS (n = 23)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325529/transcutaneous-stimulation-of-the-posterior-tibial-nerve-for-treating-refractory-urge-incontinence-of-idiopathic-and-neurogenic-origin
#3
C Valles-Antuña, M L Pérez-Haro, C González-Ruiz de L, A Quintás-Blanco, E M Tamargo-Diaz, J García-Rodríguez, A San Martín-Blanco, J M Fernandez-Gomez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of treatment with transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (TPTNS) in patients with urge urinary incontinence, of neurogenic or nonneurogenic origin, refractory to first-line therapeutic options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 65 patients with urge urinary incontinence refractory to medical treatment. A case history review, a urodynamic study and a somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) study were conducted before the TPTNS, studying the functional urological condition by means of a voiding diary...
March 18, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#4
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317503/type-a-type-b-alcoholism-predicts-differential-response-to-topiramate-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial-in-dually-diagnosed-men
#5
Melodie Isgro, Neal Doran, Jaimee L Heffner, Esther Wong, Elizabeth Dinh, Jessie Tibbs, Katie Russell, Tracy Bittner, Chris Wehrle, Matthew J Worley, Robert M Anthenelli
OBJECTIVE: Babor's A/B typology characterizes alcohol-dependence subtypes, which differ across multiple defining variables; however, differences in cigarette smoking and cessation between these subtypes have not been previously investigated. Topiramate reduces heavy drinking and has separately been found to help non-alcohol-dependent individuals quit smoking. This study tested the hypothesis that topiramate's effects on smoking would be moderated by alcohol-dependence subtype, and explored craving as a mediator of this response...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317403/intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-current-management-and-emerging-therapies
#6
Amir A Rahnemai-Azar, Allison B Weisbrod, Mary Dillhoff, Carl Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a malignancy with an increasing incidence and a high-case fatality. While surgery offers the best hope at long-term survival, only one-third of tumors are amenable to surgical resection at the time of the diagnosis. Unfortunately, conventional chemotherapy offers limited survival benefit in the management of unresectable or metastatic disease. Recent advances in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of iCCA and the use of next-generation sequencing techniques have provided a chance to identify "target-able" molecular aberrations...
March 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302873/vets-urged-to-get-stuck-in-and-help-kennel-club-improve-dog-health
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301864/functional-recovery-in-patients-with-and-without-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#8
Daniela Susanne Dettling-Ihnenfeldt, Luuk Wieske, Janneke Horn, Frans Nollet, Marike van der Schaaf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare the patient-reported functional health status with regard to physical, psychological, and social functioning of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors with and without ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). DESIGN: Single-center prospective study in ICU patients who were mechanically ventilated for more than 2 days and who survived to ICU discharge. Functional health status was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months after ICU discharge, using the Sickness Impact Profile 68 (SIP68)...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#9
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300759/overcoming-dietary-assessment-challenges-in-low-income-countries-technological-solutions-proposed-by-the-international-dietary-data-expansion-inddex-project
#10
Jennifer C Coates, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Winnie Bell, U Ruth Charrondiere, Catherine Leclercq
An increasing number of low-income countries (LICs) exhibit high rates of malnutrition coincident with rising rates of overweight and obesity. Individual-level dietary data are needed to inform effective responses, yet dietary data from large-scale surveys conducted in LICs remain extremely limited. This discussion paper first seeks to highlight the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in LICs. Second, it introduces readers to new technological developments and research initiatives to remedy this situation, led by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298357/how-important-is-the-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-in-primate-and-rodent-proximal-urethra-sex-differences-in-the-contribution-of-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-to-urethral-contractility
#11
Eduardo C Alexandre, Mariana G de Oliveira, Rafael Campos, Luiz Ricardo A Kiguti, Fabiano B Calmasini, Fábio H Silva, Andrew D Grant, Naoki Yoshimura, Edson Antunes
Urethral smooth muscle (USM) contributes to urinary continence by contracting during the urine storage phase, which is mainly mediated by activation of post-junctional α1-adrenoceptors. Males and females show differences in the functioning of the lower urinary tract and the most common urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). LUTS in men typically occur in association with bladder outlet obstruction, whereas in women urinary urge-incontinence symptoms are more common. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate sex differences in α1-adrenoceptor subtype expression and their importance in proximal urethra contraction in mouse (C57BL6/J) and marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298208/looking-back-to-move-forward-a-twenty-year-audit-of-herpes-zoster-in-asia-pacific
#12
REVIEW
Liang-Kung Chen, Hidenori Arai, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Yueh Chou, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Birong Dong, Taro Kojima, Ki Tae Kwon, Hoe Nam Leong, Edward M F Leung, Chih-Kuang Liang, Xiaohong Liu, Dilip Mathai, Jiun Yit Pan, Li-Ning Peng, Eduardo Rommel S Poblete, Philip J H Poi, Stewart Reid, Terapong Tantawichien, Chang Won Won
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a prevalent viral disease that inflicts substantial morbidity and associated healthcare and socioeconomic burdens. Current treatments are not fully effective, especially among the most vulnerable patients. Although widely recommended, vaccination against HZ is not routine; barriers in Asia-Pacific include long-standing neglect of adult immunisation and sparse local data. To address knowledge gaps, raise awareness, and disseminate best practice, we reviewed recent data and guidelines on HZ from the Asia-Pacific region...
March 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295789/acoustic-telemetry-and-fisheries-management
#13
Glenn T Crossin, Michelle R Heupel, Christopher M Holbrook, Nigel E Hussey, Susan K Lowerre-Barbieri, Vivian M Nguyen, Graham D Raby, Steven J Cooke
This paper reviews the use of acoustic telemetry as a tool for addressing issues in fisheries management, and serves as the lead to the special Feature Issue of Ecological Applications titled "Acoustic Telemetry and Fisheries Management". Specifically, we provide an overview of the ways in which acoustic telemetry can be used to inform issues central to the ecology, conservation, and management of exploited and/or imperiled fish species. Despite great strides in this area in recent years, there are comparatively few examples where data have been applied directly to influence fisheries management and policy...
March 15, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294131/structural-and-functional-plasticity-within-the-nucleus-accumbens-and-prefrontal-cortex-associated-with-time-dependent-increases-in-food-cue-seeking-behavior
#14
Paige M Dingess, Rebecca A Darling, Rifka C Derman, Shaun S Wulff, Melissa L Hunter, Carrie R Ferrario, Travis E Brown
Urges to consume food can be driven by stimuli in the environment that are associated with previous food experience. Identifying adaptations within brain reward circuits that facilitate cue-induced food seeking is critical for understanding and preventing the overconsumption of food and subsequent weight gain. Utilizing electrophysiological, biochemical, and DiI labeling we examined functional and structural changes in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) associated with time-dependent increases in food craving ('incubation of craving')...
March 15, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294031/nursingstandard-com
#15
(no author information available yet)
1 The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has issued new guidance urging nurses to do more to address the spiritual, social and cultural needs of patients during their final days of life. Read more: rcni.com/spirituality-needs.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292926/management-of-endocrine-disease-acromegaly-and-pregnancy-a-contemporary-review
#16
Julio Abucham, M D Bronstein, Monike Lourenço Dias
Although fertility is frequently impaired in women with acromegaly, pregnancy is apparently becoming more common due to improvement in acromegaly treatment as well as in fertility therapy. As a result, several studies on pregnancy in patients with acromegaly have been published in recent years adding new and relevant information to the preexisting literature. Also, new GH assays with selective specificities and the knowledge of the expression of the various GH genes have allowed a better understanding of somatotrophic axis function during pregnancy...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289661/early-experience-with-a-partial-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-for-treating-patients-with-grades-iii-iv-prolapsing-hemorrhoids
#17
Hyeonseok Jeong, Sunghwan Hwang, Kil O Ryu, Jiyong Lim, Hyun Tae Kim, Hye Mi Yu, Jihoon Yoon, Ju-Young Lee, Hyoung Rae Kim, Young Gil Choi
PURPOSE: Circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy (CSH) is widely used to treat patients with grades III-IV hemorrhoids because of less pain and short hospital stay. However, this procedure is associated with some complications, such as urge to defecate, anal stenosis, staple line dehiscence, abscess and sepsis. To avoid these complications, surgeons perform a partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy (PSH). The aim of this study is to present our early experience with the PSH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 58 patients with hemorrhoids who were treated with a PSH at Busan Hang-Un Hospital from January 2016 to June 2016...
February 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287350/fda-expands-list-of-do-not-compound-drug-products
#18
(no author information available yet)
EDITOR'S ABSTRACT On October 3, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration published in the Federal Register an expanded list of drug products that are not to be used in compounding extemporaneous dosage forms. This list contains numerous analgesic or anti-inflammatory agents and other chemicals sometimes used to manage pain and related symptoms. Because pharmacies are licensed by the states and other jurisdictions (districts, territories) as opposed to the federal government, regulation of extemporaneous compounding is inconsistent across the nation and minimal to nonexistent is some jurisdictions...
March 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286486/using-virtual-reality-in-the-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-the-development-of-a-new-tool-for-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#19
Stéphane Bouchard, Geneviève Robillard, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Claudie Loranger, Manon St-Pierre, Maxime Chrétien, Annie Goulet
Virtual reality (VR) can be used in the treatment of gambling disorder to provide emotionally charged contexts (e.g., induce cravings) where patients can practice cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) techniques in the safety of the therapist's office. This raises practical questions, such as whether the cravings are sufficient to be clinically useful but also manageable enough to remain clinically safe. Pilot data are also needed to test the development of a treatment manual and prepare large randomized control trials...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285886/one-year-record-of-bioaerosols-and-particles-concentration-in-indo-gangetic-plain-implications-of-biomass-burning-emissions-to-high-level-of-endotoxin-exposure
#20
Prashant Rajput, Manzar Hussain Anjum, Tarun Gupta
Previous studies worldwide have suggested the potential role of bioaerosols as ice-nuclei and cloud-condensation nuclei. Furthermore, their participation in regulating the global carbon cycle urges systematic studies from different environmental conditions throughout the globe. Towards this through one-year study, conducted from June 2015-May 2016, we report on atmospheric abundance and variability of viable bioaerosols, organic carbon (OC) and particles number and deduced mass concentrations from Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP; at Kanpur)...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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