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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538576/the-effects-of-motorcycle-helmet-legislation-on-craniomaxillofacial-injuries
#1
Nicholas S Adams, Patrick A Newbury, Mitchell G Eichhorn, Alan T Davis, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle helmet legislation has been a contentious topic for over a half-century. Benefits of helmet use in motorcycle trauma patients are well documented. In 2012, Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in favor of a partial helmet law. The authors describe the early clinical effects on facial injuries throughout Michigan. METHODS: Retrospective data from the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program trauma database were evaluated...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533945/the-role-of-speed-in-adhd-related-working-memory-deficits-a-time-based-resource-sharing-and-diffusion-model-account
#2
Alexander Weigard, Cynthia Huang-Pollock
Several recent commentaries suggest that, for psychological science to move beyond "homuncular" explanations for cognitive control, it is critically important to examine the role of basic and computationally well-defined processes (e.g. cognitive processing speed). Correlational evidence has previously linked slow speed to working memory (WM) deficits in ADHD, but the directionality of this relationship has not been investigated experimentally and the mechanisms through which speed may influence WM are unclear...
March 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533428/gps-urge-bma-to-explore-copayments-for-some-services
#3
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533105/prevalence-of-overactive-bladder-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-1025-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-mainland-china
#4
Dongjuan Xu, Jie Gao, Xiaojuan Wang, Liqun Huang, Kefang Wang
AIMS: This study examined the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and investigated the impact of OAB on quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Mainland China. METHODS: A total of 1025 patients with type 2 diabetes were surveyed. Patients were grouped into no OAB, dry OAB, and wet OAB groups according to the presence of OAB and urge incontinence. Descriptive analyses, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariable regression models were conducted to assess the prevalence of OAB and the effect of OAB on QOL...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530066/-position-statement-on-overactive-bladder
#5
Ilan Grunwald, Kobi Stav, Jacob Golomb, Joseph Abarbanel, Gabriel Gillon, Alexander Greenstein
Bothersome urinary symptoms during the storage phase are common among women and men. These symptoms described as urinary urgency, frequency and nocturia with or without urge urinary incontinence may be caused by various pathologies including bladder overactivity. Diagnosis of an overactive bladder is based on the patient's clinical presentation after exclusion of other disorders that may cause these symptoms. The minimal requirements for a urological evaluation include medical history, physical examination and urinalysis...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526801/urging-europe-to-put-non-adherence-to-inhaled-respiratory-medication-higher-on-the-policy-agenda-a-report-from-the-first-european-congress-on-adherence-to-therapy
#6
EDITORIAL
Job F M van Boven, Federico Lavorini, P N Richard Dekhuijzen, Francesco Blasi, David B Price, Giovanni Viegi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525273/directional-fluid-gating-by-janus-membranes-with-heterogeneous-wetting-properties-for-selective-oil-water-separation
#7
Prashant Gupta, Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian
The rising oil seepage accidents evolved into a global issue necessitating immediate counter measure to abridge its catastrophic repercussions on sensitive marine ecosystem urging innovative techniques for effective oil/water separation. Here, we report surface tailored wettability modified superhydrophobic/superoleophilic Janus membrane by impregnating non-ionic surfactant stabilized nano-sized polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) dispersion polymerized via non-fluorinated processing aid onto cotton substrate using Meyer rod coating technique, exhibiting excellent separation efficiency up to 98% with various petroleum products and retaining its intrinsic properties for at least 30 recurrences...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522994/new-potent-membrane-targeting-antibacterial-peptides-from-viral-capsid-proteins
#8
Susana A Dias, João M Freire, Clara Pérez-Peinado, Marco M Domingues, Diana Gaspar, Nuno Vale, Paula Gomes, David Andreu, Sónia T Henriques, Miguel A R B Castanho, Ana S Veiga
The increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria urges the development of new antibacterial agents. With a broad spectrum activity, antimicrobial peptides have been considered potential antibacterial drug leads. Using bioinformatic tools we have previously shown that viral structural proteins are a rich source for new bioactive peptide sequences, namely antimicrobial and cell-penetrating peptides. Here, we test the efficacy and mechanism of action of the most promising peptides among those previously identified against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522834/limited-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-livestock-predation-by-large-carnivores
#9
Ann Eklund, José Vicente López-Bao, Mahdieh Tourani, Guillaume Chapron, Jens Frank
Successful coexistence between large carnivores and humans is conditional upon effective mitigation of the impact of these species on humans, such as through livestock depredation. It is therefore essential for conservation practitioners, carnivore managing authorities, or livestock owners to know the effectiveness of interventions intended to reduce livestock predation by large carnivores. We reviewed the scientific literature (1990-2016), searching for evidence of the effectiveness of interventions. We found experimental and quasi-experimental studies were rare within the field, and only 21 studies applied a case-control study design (3...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522746/gp-leader-urges-politicians-to-end-callous-disregard-for-nhs
#10
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522420/in%C3%A2-vitro-effects-of-italian-lavandula-multifida-l-leaf-extracts-on-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-leucocytes-and-saf-1-cells
#11
Angela Fazio, Rebeca Cerezuela, Maria Rosaria Panuccio, Alberto Cuesta, Maria Ángeles Esteban
Lavandula multifida is very appreciated by pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. In Italy is only found in Calabria and Sicily and, at present, urge its valorization due to its high extinction and genetic erosion risks. Possible applications of L. multifida extracts as immunostimulant in fish aquaculture were assayed by using gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) as a marine fish model, due to its importance in fish aquaculture. The in vitro effects of both aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts obtained from two Italian populations of L...
May 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518214/immune-monitoring-as-prerequisite-for-transplantation-tolerance-trials
#12
REVIEW
Katayoun Behnam Sani, Birgit Sawitzki
Ever since its first application in clinical medicine, scientists have urged to induce tolerance towards foreign allogeneic transplants and thus avoid rejection by the recipient's immune system. This would circumvent chronic use of immunosuppressive drugs (IS) and thus avoid development of IS-induced side effects, which are contributing to the still unsatisfactory long-term graft and patient survival after solid organ transplantation. Although manifold strategies of tolerance induction have been described in preclinical models, only three therapeutic approaches have been successfully utilized in a still small number of patients...
May 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517366/genie-in-a-blotter-a-comparative-study-of-lsd-and-lsd-analogues-effects-and-user-profile
#13
Leigh D Coney, Larissa J Maier, Jason A Ferris, Adam R Winstock, Monica J Barratt
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe self-reported patterns of use and effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) analogues (AL-LAD, 1P-LSD, and ETH-LAD) and the characteristics of those who use them. METHODS: An anonymous self-selected online survey of people who use drugs (Global Drug Survey 2016; N = 96,894), which measured perceived drug effects of LSD and its analogues. RESULTS: Most LSD analogue users (91%) had also tried LSD. The proportion of U...
May 18, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513364/nhs-providers-urges-new-government-to-address-workforce-shortages
#14
(no author information available yet)
Unsafe staffing levels and poor pay are compromising patient care, healthcare providers have warned.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512409/immunoglobulin-d-multiple-myeloma-presenting-as-spontaneous-fracture
#15
Samer Al Hadidi, Khalil Katato, Ghassan Bachuwa
Immunoglobulin D multiple myeloma is a rare type of multiple myeloma that usually presents as bone pain, fatigue, or weight loss. We report a case of immunoglobulin D multiple myeloma in a 53-year-old Caucasian male patient with previous medical history of anaplastic oligodendroglioma status post-surgical resection who was evaluated for back pain while mowing the lawn. His physical examination showed tenderness over the lower thoracic vertebrae with no sensory or motor impairment. Initial lab investigations showed normocytic anemia and hypercalcemia with low parathyroid hormone...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508440/has-evidence-based-medicine-ever-been-modern-a-latour-inspired-understanding-of-a-changing-ebm
#16
Sietse Wieringa, Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Trish Greenhalgh
Evidence-based health care (EBHC), previously evidence-based medicine (EBM), is considered by many to have modernized health care and brought it from an authority-based past to a more rationalist, scientific grounding. But recent concerns and criticisms pose serious challenges and urge us to look at the fundamentals of a changing EBHC. In this paper, we present French philosopher Bruno Latour's vision on modernity as a framework to discuss current changes in the discourse on EBHC/EBM. Drawing on Latour's work, we argue that the early EBM movement had a strong modernist agenda with an aim to "purify" clinical reality into a dichotomy of objective "evidence" from nature and subjective "preferences" from human society and culture...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508224/rescue-of-infectious-salmon-anemia-virus-isav-from-cloned-cdna
#17
Daniela Toro-Ascuy, Marcelo Cortez-San Martín
The piscine Orthomyxovirus called Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV) is one of the most important emerging pathogens affecting the salmon industry worldwide. The first reverse genetics system for ISAV, which allows the generation of recombinant ISA virus (rISAV), is an important tool for the characterization and study of this fish virus. The plasmid-based reverse genetics system for ISAV includes the use of a novel fish promoter, the Atlantic salmon internal transcribed spacer region 1 (ITS-1). The salmon, viral and mammalian genetic elements included in pSS-URG vectors allow the expression of the eight viral RNA segments...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508070/decoupling-of-microbial-carbon-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-cycling-in-response-to-extreme-temperature-events
#18
Maria Mooshammer, Florian Hofhansl, Alexander H Frank, Wolfgang Wanek, Ieda Hämmerle, Sonja Leitner, Jörg Schnecker, Birgit Wild, Margarete Watzka, Katharina M Keiblinger, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern, Andreas Richter
Predicted changes in the intensity and frequency of climate extremes urge a better mechanistic understanding of the stress response of microbially mediated carbon (C) and nutrient cycling processes. We analyzed the resistance and resilience of microbial C, nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) cycling processes and microbial community composition in decomposing plant litter to transient, but severe, temperature disturbances, namely, freeze-thaw and heat. Disturbances led temporarily to a more rapid cycling of C and N but caused a down-regulation of P cycling...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506944/effect-of-sacrocolpopexy-and-retropubic-sling-on-overactive-bladder-symptoms
#19
Muhammad Faisal Aslam, William T Gregory, Blake Osmundsen
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of sacrocolpopexy and retropubic midurethral sling, or transvaginal tape (TVT) procedure, on overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Our null hypothesis was that concomitant sacrocolpopexy and TVT exacerbate OAB symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study. All subjects had apical/anterior prolapse and underwent robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy and TVT, with or without concomitant hysterectomy...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506861/do-urinary-leakage-circumstances-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence-correlate-with-physician-diagnosis-and-urodynamic-results-a-questionnaire-validation-study
#20
Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Arnaud Fauconnier, Marion Ravit, Georges Bader, Catalina Varas Ramos, Xavier Fritel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if leakage circumstances collected using the Urinary Leakage Circumstances Questionnaire (ULCQ) are correlated with physician diagnosis and urodynamic results and resolve after surgery. METHODS: The ULCQ was developed to investigate leakage circumstances encountered by incontinent women. Women completed both the ULCQ and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) before clinical and urodynamic exam...
May 12, 2017: Urology
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