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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087738/newer-vape-pens-still-trigger-urge-to-smoke-study-finds
#1
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087472/extract-of-clinopodium-bolivianum-protects-against-e-coli-invasion-of-uroepithelial-cells
#2
Soumitra Mohanty, Witchuda Kamolvit, Silvia Zambrana, Corine Sandström, Eduardo Gonzales, Claes-Göran Östenson, Annelie Braunerf
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinopodium bolivianum is a South American plant with anti-inflammatory and anti-infective activities. The increasing antibiotic resistance urges for alternative therapy. Based on its use in traditional medicine, we investigated the effect of C. bolivianum on the ability to defend bladder epithelial cells from E. coli infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extract was analysed by LC-MS. Bladder epithelial cell lines T24 and 5637 and uropathogenic E...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079569/standing-vs-supine-does-it-matter-in-cough-stress-testing
#3
Radhika Patnam, Autumn L Edenfield, Steven E Swift
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of cough stress test in the standing versus supine position in the evaluation of incontinent females. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study of women with the chief complaint of urinary incontinence (UI) undergoing a provocative cough stress test (CST). Subjects underwent both a standing and a supine CST. Testing order was randomized via block randomization. Cough stress test was performed in a standard method via backfill of 200 mL or until the subject described strong urge...
January 10, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077116/quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-infravesical-desobstruction-and-hifu-treatment-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#4
G Hatiboglu, I V Popeneciu, M Deppert, J Nyarangi-Dix, B Hadaschik, M Hohenfellner, D Teber, S Pahernik
BACKGROUND: To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients, treated with TURP and HIFU in a single institution were followed up for oncological and functional outcome. Oncological outcome was quantified by biochemical recurrence free survival using the Stuttgart and Phoenix criteria. Quality of life was assessed by usage of standardized QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PR25 questionnaires...
January 11, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076391/assessing-sexual-dicromatism-the-importance-of-proper-parameterization-in-tetrachromatic-visual-models
#5
Pierre-Paul Bitton, Kevyn Janisse, Stéphanie M Doucet
Perceptual models of animal vision have greatly contributed to our understanding of animal-animal and plant-animal communication. The receptor-noise model of color contrasts has been central to this research as it quantifies the difference between two colors for any visual system of interest. However, if the properties of the visual system are unknown, assumptions regarding parameter values must be made, generally with unknown consequences. In this study, we conduct a sensitivity analysis of the receptor-noise model using avian visual system parameters to systematically investigate the influence of variation in light environment, photoreceptor sensitivities, photoreceptor densities, and light transmission properties of the ocular media and the oil droplets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075312/pay-petition-nearing-100-000-signatures
#6
(no author information available yet)
The RCN has renewed its appeal for nurses to sign a petition urging the government to scrap the 1% cap on annual pay rises for NHS staff.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074580/employer-wellness-programs-challenged-in-court
#7
Mark A Rothstein
Many employers faced with rising health care costs have adopted "voluntary" wellness programs that urge employees to engage in various health-promotion activities, such as smoking cessation and weight reduction. In the proper setting, measures to promote a more healthful lifestyle are difficult to question, but there is little compelling evidence that workplace wellness programs have significant, sustained health benefits or substantially reduce health care costs other than through cost-shifting to unhealthy employees...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073334/through-a-glass-darkly
#8
Scott O Lilienfeld
In this rejoinder, I respond to the comments from three sets of eminent scholars regarding my critique of the microaggression research program (MRP). I concur with Haidt (2017, this issue) that a significant shortcoming of the MRP is its insufficient emphasis on the subjective appraisal of microaggressions. I concur with Ong and Burrow (2017, this issue) that intensive longitudinal studies of microaggressions should enhance our knowledge of their short-term and long-term impact, although I urge researchers to assess microaggressions in conjunction with personality traits using a multi-informant framework...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073047/examining-cognitive-examining-cognitive-processes-and-drinking-urge-in-ptsd
#9
Jennifer P Read, Rachel L Bachrach, Jeffrey D Wardell, Scott F Coffey
Despite their centrality to learning theories, strikingly little attention has been paid to the role of cognitions in efforts to understand associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol drinking. In the present study, we sought to examine information processing pathways for trauma and alcohol information, and the effects of posttraumatic stress and trauma cue exposure on these pathways. Participants were college students (N = 232; 49% female; Mage = 19.56,SD = 1.44) categorized into three diagnostic groups based on current PTSD status determined by structured clinical interview...
December 24, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#10
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071825/systematic-review-of-severity-scales-and-screening-instruments-for-tics-critique-and-recommendations
#11
Davide Martino, Tamara M Pringsheim, Andrea E Cavanna, Carlo Colosimo, Andreas Hartmann, James F Leckman, Sheng Luo, Alexander Munchau, Christopher G Goetz, Glenn T Stebbins, Pablo Martinez-Martin
BACKGROUND: Several clinician, informant, and self-report instruments for tics and associated phenomena have been developed that differ in construct, comprehensiveness, and ease of administration. OBJECTIVE: A Movement Disorders Society subcommittee aimed to rate psychometric quality of severity and screening instruments for tics and related sensory phenomena. METHODS: Following the methodology adopted by previous Movement Disorders Society subcommittee papers, a review of severity and screening instruments for tics was completed, applying a classification as "recommended," "suggested," or "listed" to each instrument...
January 10, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069957/global-scenarios-of-urban-density-and-its-impacts-on-building-energy-use-through-2050
#12
Burak Güneralp, Yuyu Zhou, Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Mukesh Gupta, Sha Yu, Pralit L Patel, Michail Fragkias, Xiaoma Li, Karen C Seto
Although the scale of impending urbanization is well-acknowledged, we have a limited understanding of how urban forms will change and what their impact will be on building energy use. Using both top-down and bottom-up approaches and scenarios, we examine building energy use for heating and cooling. Globally, the energy use for heating and cooling by the middle of the century will be between 45 and 59 exajoules per year (corresponding to an increase of 7-40% since 2010). Most of this variability is due to the uncertainty in future urban densities of rapidly growing cities in Asia and particularly China...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068924/de-implementation-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-urinary-and-intravenous-catheters-study-protocol-for-the-ricat-study
#13
Bart J Laan, Ingrid J B Spijkerman, Mieke H Godfried, Berend C Pasmooij, Jolanda M Maaskant, Marjon J Borgert, Brent C Opmeer, Margreet C Vos, Suzanne E Geerlings
BACKGROUND: Urinary and (peripheral and central) intravenous catheters are widely used in hospitalized patients. However, up to 56% of the catheters do not have an appropriate indication and some serious complications with the use of these catheters can occur. The main objective of our quality improvement project is to reduce the use of catheters without an appropriate indication by 25-50%, and to evaluate the affecting factors of our de-implementation strategy. METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective interrupted time series analysis, several interventions to avoid inappropriate use of catheters will be conducted in seven hospitals in the Netherlands...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068114/he-never-willed-to-have-the-will-he-has-historicist-narratives-civilized-blame-and-the-need-to-distinguish-two-notions-of-free-will
#14
Michael J Gill, Stephanie C Cerce
Harsh blame can be socially destructive. This article examines how harsh blame can be "civilized." A core construct here is the historicist narrative, which is a story-like account of how a person came to be the sort of person she is. We argue that historicist narratives regarding immoral actors can temper blame and that this happens via a novel mechanism. To illuminate that mechanism, we offer a novel theoretical perspective on lay beliefs about free will. We distinguish 2 senses of free will: (a) Freedom of action, which portrays the will as a dynamic choice-making mechanism and concerns whether the actor can exert volitional control via that mechanism at the time of action, and (b) Control of self-formation, which portrays the will as an enduring disposition (e...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067173/marine-derived-anticancer-drugs-targeting-microtubule
#16
Oindrila De, Biswa Prasun Chatterji
BACKGROUND: Microtubule dynamics play a vital role in regulating crucial cellular functions and are one of the most attractive anticancer drug targets. Microtubule targeting agents (MTAs) such as the vinca alkaloids or taxanes, although are effective for cancer therapy, have adverse side effects. Another hindrance in their development is multiple drug resistance in tumor cells. These drawbacks have urged the need to develop novel MTAs from alternative sources, with better therapeutic efficacy...
January 9, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064472/arteriovenous-grafts-much-maligned-but-in-need-of-reconsideration
#17
Michael Allon
There are substantial variations in arteriovenous fistula (AVF) use among hemodialysis patients in different countries, in different regions of the U.S., and even in different hemodialysis units within a single metropolitan area. These variations persist after adjustment for patient demographics and comorbidities, suggesting that practice patterns play a major role in determining the frequency of AVF use. These observations led to vascular access guidelines urging nephrologists and surgeons to increase AVF creation in patients with chronic kidney disease...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#18
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062394/leading-mps-urge-prime-minister-to-start-talks-on-health-and-social-care-funding
#19
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060302/a-platform-of-anti-biofilm-assays-suited-to-the-exploration-of-natural-compound-libraries
#20
Malena E Skogman, Pia M Vuorela, Adyary Fallarero
Biofilms are regarded as one of the most challenging topics of modern biomedicine, and they are potentially responsible for over 80% of antibiotic-tolerant infections. Biofilms have displayed an exceptionally high tolerance for chemotherapy, which is thought to be multifactorial. For instance, the matrix provides a physical barrier that decreases the penetration of antibiotics into the biofilm. Also, cells within the biofilms are phenotypically diverse. Likely, biofilm resilience arises from a combination of these and other, yet unknown, mechanisms...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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