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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454015/why-i-eat-at-night-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-development-maintenance-and-consequences-of-night-eating-syndrome
#1
James A Shillito, James Lea, Stephanie Tierney, Jacqueline Cleator, Sara Tai, John P H Wilding
Night Eating Syndrome (NES), as a diagnosis, presents as a combination of disordered eating, sleep and mood. Patients identified as having both NES and obesity demonstrate poorer outcomes in terms of weight loss compared to those with NES only. However, research focusing on psychological factors associated with NES remains relatively underdeveloped. This study aimed to explore the relationship between NES and the experience of emotion from the perspective of patients accessing a weight management service. Ten adults who met diagnostic criteria for moderate or full NES took part in a semi-structured interview...
February 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453529/toxicity-assessment-in-the-nanoparticle-era
#2
Valeria De Matteis, Rosaria Rinaldi
The wide use of engineered nanomaterials in many fields, ranging from biomedical, agriculture, environment, cosmetic, urged the scientific community to understand the processes behind their potential toxicity, in order to develop new strategies for human safety. As a matter of fact, there is a big discrepancy between the increased classes of nanoparticles and the consequent applications versus their toxicity assessment. Nanotoxicology is defined as the science that studies the effects of engineered nanodevices and nanostructures in living organisms...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453031/spaces-of-hope-youth-perspectives-on-health-and-wellness-in-indigenous-communities
#3
Lydia Wood, David Kamper, Kate Swanson
This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as "broken" and "unhealthy" places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of "health" and "wellness." Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, our research with Native youth in San Diego County found that young people chose to primarily emphasize their positive experiences with, and attachments to, their reservations...
February 13, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448222/a-colorimetric-broth-microdilution-method-for-assessment-of-helicobacter-pylori-sensitivity-to-antimicrobial-agents
#4
Petar Knezevic, Verica Aleksic Sabo, Natasa Simin, Marija Lesjak, Neda Mimica-Dukic
Helicobacter pylori is a major infective etiological agent of the upper gastrointestinal tract diseases. The bacterium exhibits resistance to various conventional antibiotics, being usually challenging for eradication. Since there is an urge to consider alternative therapeutic strategies, the aim of the study was to examine selected essential oils of plants belonging to families Cupressaceae (Juniperus communis) and Lamiaceae (Hyssopus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Melissa officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Ocimum basilicum and Thymus serpyllum) against H...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447386/kick-it-the-development-of-an-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app
#5
Joseph E M van Agteren, Sharon Lawn, Billie Bonevski, Brian J Smith
Currently, the evidence for mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation interventions is limited and heterogeneous, warranting the need for innovative rigorously developed solutions. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a smoking cessation smartphone application (app) developed using evidence-based principles. The app (Kick.it) was designed using the Intervention Mapping framework, incorporating an extensive literature review and qualitative study, in combination with the Behavioural Change Taxonomy v1, the Theoretical Domains Framework, and the Persuasive System Design framework...
February 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447369/mandatory-change-from-surgical-skull-caps-to-bouffant-caps-among-operating-room-personnel-does-not-reduce-surgical-site-infections-in-class-i-surgical-cases-a-single-center-experience-with-more-than-15-000-patients
#6
Hussain Shallwani, Hakeem J Shakir, Ashley M Aldridge, Maureen T Donovan, Elad I Levy, Kevin J Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are noteworthy and costly complications. New recommendations from a national organization have urged the elimination of traditional surgeon's caps (surgical skull caps) and mandated the use of bouffant caps to prevent SSIs. OBJECTIVE: To report SSI rates for >15 000 class I (clean) surgical procedures 13 mo before and 13 mo after surgical skull caps were banned at a single site with 25 operating rooms. METHODS: SSI data were acquired from hospital infection control monthly summary reports from January 2014 to March 2016...
May 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447321/decision-tree-for-vertical-ridge-augmentation
#7
Alexandra B Plonka, Istvan A Urban, Hom-Lay Wang
Vertical ridge augmentation (VRA) procedures before or during dental implant placement are technically challenging and often encounter procedure-related complications. To minimize complications and promote success, a literature search was conducted to validate procedures used for VRA. A decision tree based on the amount of additional ridge height needed (< 4, 4 to 6, or > 6 mm) was then developed to improve the procedure-selection process. At each junction, the clinician is urged to consider anatomical, clinical, and patient-related factors influencing treatment outcomes...
March 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447025/anal-sphincter-dysfunction-in-patients-treated-with-primary-radiotherapy-for-anal-cancer-a-study-with-the-functional-lumen-imaging-probe
#8
Susanne Haas, Pia Faaborg, Donghua Liao, Søren Laurberg, Hans Gregersen, Lilly Lundby, Peter Christensen, Klaus Krogh
BACKGROUND: Sphincter-sparing radiotherapy or chemoradiation are standard treatments for patients with anal cancer. The ultimate treatment goal is full recovery from anal cancer with preserved anorectal function. Unfortunately, long-term survivors often suffer from severe anorectal symptoms. The aim of the present study was to characterize changes in anorectal physiology after radiotherapy for anal cancer. METHOD: We included 13 patients (10 women, age 63.4 ± 1...
February 15, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446865/european-guidance-on-paediatric-use-of-probiotics-states-that-benefits-are-limited-to-several-conditions-and-urges-caution-with-specific-vulnerable-groups
#9
REVIEW
Iva Hojsak, Valentina Fabiano, Tudor Lucian Pop, Olivier Goulet, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Fugen Cullu Çokuğraş, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Sanja Kolaček
AIM: The use of probiotics has been covered by many guidelines, position papers and evidence-based recommendations, but few have referred to specific patient groups or clinical indications. This European study summarises recommendations and scientifically credited guidelines on the use of probiotics for children and provides practice points. METHODS: An expert panel was convened by the European Paediatric Association in June 2017 to define the relevant clinical questions for using probiotics in paediatric healthcare and review and summarise the guidelines, recommendations, position papers and high-quality evidence...
February 15, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442635/solvent-free-transesterification-of-glycerol-into-glycerol-carbonate-over-nanostructured-caal-hydrotalcite-catalyst
#11
Arulselvan Devarajan, Sivakumar Thiripuranthagan, Ramakrishnan Radhakrishnan, Sakthivel Kumaravel
Drastic increase in green house gases due to fossil fuels usage urges the mankind to look for alternative fuel resources. Biodiesel is one of the alternative fuels which attracted the attention of many researchers. In recent years, bio-diesel drags much attention as an alternative clean fuel. Glycerol is an unavoidable byproduct in the transesterification process of vegetable oils into bio diesel and therefore market is flooded with glycerol. So it is high time to find ways of utilizing the abundant glycerol into value added products...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442368/effects-of-copper-on-olfactory-behavioral-and-other-sublethal-responses-of-saltwater-organisms-are-estimated-chronic-limits-using-the-biotic-ligand-model-protective
#12
David K DeForest, Robert W Gensemer, Joseph W Gorsuch, Joseph S Meyer, Robert C Santore, Burt K Shephard, Jean M Zodrow
There is concern whether regulatory criteria for copper (Cu) are protective against chemosensory and behavioral impairment in aquatic organisms. We compiled Cu toxicity data for these and other sublethal endpoints in 35 tests with saltwater organisms and compared the Cu toxicity thresholds to biotic ligand model (BLM)-based estimated chronic limits (ECL values, which are EC20 values [20% effect concentrations] for the embryo-larval life stage of the blue mussel [Mytilus edulis]-a sensitive saltwater species to Cu that has historically been used to derive saltwater Cu criteria)...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442299/forecasting-pharmaceutical-prices-for-economic-evaluations-when-there-is-no-market-a-review
#13
Ilke Akpinar, Philip Jacobs, Tien Dat Tran
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation helps policy makers and healthcare payers make decisions on drug listing, coverage, and reimbursement. When economic evaluations are conducted before a product launch, the prices of the pharmaceuticals have to be forecast. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the methods of establishing proxy prices and their accuracies compared with actual market prices after the product launch. METHODS: We searched the literature for evaluations for drugs that were licensed in the US between 2010 and 2015...
March 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440598/government-urged-to-rethink-sentience-law
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440059/doctors-welcome-push-for-parents-to-use-pharmacies-but-urge-caution-in-emergencies
#15
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439616/physical-abuse-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-childhood-behavior-problems-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-in-mainland-china
#16
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
The relationship between three types of child maltreatment, including physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, and childhood behavior problems in Mainland China, has not been systematically examined. This meta-analysis reviewed findings from 42 studies conducted in 98,749 children in Mainland China and analyzed the pooled effect sizes of the associations between child maltreatment and childhood behavior problems, heterogeneity in study findings, and publication bias. In addition, this study explored cross-study similarities/differences by comparing the pooled estimates with findings from five existing meta-analyses...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439549/enlightening-butterfly-conservation-efforts-the-importance-of-natural-lighting-for-butterfly-behavioral-ecology-and-conservation
#17
REVIEW
Brett M Seymoure
Light is arguably the most important abiotic factor for living organisms. Organisms evolved under specific lighting conditions and their behavior, physiology, and ecology are inexorably linked to light. Understanding light effects on biology could not be more important as present anthropogenic effects are greatly changing the light environments in which animals exist. The two biggest anthropogenic contributors changing light environments are: (1) anthropogenic lighting at night (i.e., light pollution); and (2) deforestation and the built environment...
February 12, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438434/seasonal-dynamics-of-the-juvenile-fish-community-structure-in-the-maowei-sea-mangroves
#18
Zhi-Qiang Wu, Qi Zou, Tao Chang, Dong Zhang, Liang-Liang Huang
More than 50% of Chinese mangroves were lost between 1950 and 2000 to habitat destruction, prompting an urge for conservation. To assess the importance of the protected Maowei Gulf mangrove estuary for fish population assemblage in the Beibu Gulf (China), we studied species composition and abundance of juvenile fish (including larvae) from July 2012 to June 2013. A total of 11 691 specimens were collected, which belonged to 24 species and 15 families. Six perciform species constituted 93% of the total sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435466/opana-er-oxymorphone-induced-thrombotic-microangiopathy-an-atypical-presentation-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c
#19
Hassan Mehmood, Muzammil Khan, Asghar Marwat, Medha Joshi, Varun Malhotra
Oxymorphone is a semisynthetic extended release opiate used to treat moderate to severe chronic pain. The Food and Drug Administration approved the oral form of oxymorphone available as Opana and Opana ER (extended release) since 2006. The Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued warning against intravenous use of Opana ER. We are presenting a case report of a 37-year-old female with a history of active intravenous drug abuse who presented to our hospital with acute kidney injury...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434095/simple-formation-of-cell-arrays-embedded-in-hydrogel-sheets-and-cubes
#20
Takatomo Sugano, Yui Sasaki, Fumio Mizutani, Tomoyuki Yasukawa
Arrays with cell aggregations and single-cell arrays embedded in hydrogel sheets were fabricated by negative dielectrophoretic (n-DEP) cell-manipulation techniques and hydrogel gelation. Cells suspended randomly in a prepolymer solution were rapidly manipulated to form an island-like organization of cells through the repulsive force of n-DEP by using a DEP device consisting of grid electrodes. The cell patterns were retained by irradiating ultraviolet (UV) light so as to urge gelation. Moreover, control of the optical transparency of the grid electrode allows for the fabrication of cubes with single cells and cell aggregation...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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